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THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC.
FESTPARKSUNDAY? See If your picture or pictures of your acquaintances can be found in TbeSunday Republic's la vn groups. CATNVOYATTOWA. Richard Harding Davis Describes an Interesting Ceremony. NINETY-THIRD YEAR. ST. LOUIS, MO., FRIDAY, AUGUST ( In St. Lonls. One Cent. PTf TPVR! -1 Outside St. Loul. Two Cents. JTXVJA-U-i 0n Tpj-inn. Three Cents. 3. 1900. NED WAR ATTLE OF THE ADVANCE CHINA JF i 1 1 Places Herself in Unfriendly Atti tude toy Not Restoring Communication. SECRETARY OF STATE ACTS VIGOROUSLY. Pekin Government Has Admitted It Controls Sit uation and Now It Must Let Powers Hear From Envoys. Washington, Aug. 2. The advance to Fe ltln having; begun, the State Department no longer deems It necessary to remain silent, or suppress the official correspondence, which immidiately preceded the march on the Chinese capital. This correspondence l. of vital importance. The dispatch from this Government to 14 Huns Chans almost bristled with bayonets. The correspondence vas inaugurated by Consul Goodnow at Shanghai, who ent to the United States a, message from Li Hun? Chan?, proposing to deliver up the foreign Ministers if the march on Pekin be aban doned. China's scheme then was under stood, and hor ncency in the assaults upon the foreign Ministers was made known. She admitted in effect that the Ministers were lield as hostages and that tho Chinese Gov ernment bad violated tho most sacred in ternational obligations. The answer sent Vy Secretary Hay was significant. Tho eorrespondenco follows: Telegram sent to the United States Em hassles in Berlin, London. Paris. Home and St. Petersburg, mid to the United States Miniter at Tokio: "Department of State. Washington. Aug". 1. JSJrt. In leply to a suggestion of Li Hung Chang that the Ministers might be sent un der safo escort to Tien-Tsin provided the Powers would engage not to inarch on Pe kin. the Secretary of State replied on tho SOtli of July: " "This Government will not enter Into nny arrangement regarding disposition or treatment of legations without first having free communication with Minister Concer. Responsibility for their protection rests upon the Chinese Government. Power to deliver at Tien-Tin presupposes power to protect, and to open communication. This Is insisted on.' " This message was delivered bq Mr. Good now on the 31st to Viceroy LI. who then in quired whether, "if free communication were established between Ministers and their Governments, it could be arranged that the Powers should not advance on Pe kin pending negotiations." To this Inquiry the following reply was sent on the first of August: "Goodnow. Consul General, Shanghai: I do not think it expedient to submit the prop osition of Earl Li to the other Powers. Free communication with our representatives in Pekin is demanded as a matter of absolute right, and not as a favor. Since the Chinese Government admits that it possesses the power to give communication, it puts Itself in an unfriendly attitude by denying it. No negotiations seem advisable until the Chi- . nrso-Hret Jiall have put the diplomatic rep,- n-suiiiauves oi me i'owets in iuu and ireo communication with the respective govern ments and removed all danger to their lives and liberty. We would urge Earl Li ear nestly to advise the imperial authorities of China to place themsel-es in friendly com munication and co-operation with tho relief expedition. They are assuming a heavy re sponsibility in acting otherwise. (Signed.) "HAT." "You will communicate this information io me -Minister or .foreign Affairs. Criuls Ilns Ilcen Itenclicil. Before the correspondence was given to the public the matter was thoroughly dis cussed at tho Cabinet meeting. It is believed that a. crisis has been reached, and that ADVANCE FORCED BY ANGLO-AMERICANS. Other Commanders Fall in Line Praise From Austria Fifty Missionaries Massacred Kaiser's Latest London, Aug. 3, t:iS a. m The Vienna cor respondent of the Times says: "The Neuc Frcie Press greets the deci sion of the British and American Govern ments to advance to Pekin independently with th, greatest satisfaction. It believes that tho resolution of these two Powers will put an end to the caralysis occasioned by tho unsolved question of the chief command and will inspire the combined forces with fresh life and vigor. It says that when onco the Anglo-American troops assume the offensive the others will follow suit." No word comes this morning regarding tho fortunes of the comparatively small body of troops believed to bo forging their way toward Pekin. The silence probably is duo to diligent censorship, rather than to any lack of developments. A Shanghai tpeclal announces tho receipt of an official telegram from the Tsung Li Yamen asserting that tho Ministers were all well on July 30. Fifty MUsinnurieM 3Ianc;cil. From Shanghai, tho Daily Express has received confirmation of the reported murder of fifty missionaries in tho Province of Shan-SI, with the additional information that eight English women wero dragged out of the mission buildings by a Chinese mob, who beheaded them in the streets of Chu Chou. French troops are reported to have occu pied Meng-Tszc, In tho Province of Yan Nan. Mr. Broderick's statement in the House of Commons yesterday, placing Great Britain on record as unalterably opposed to the par tition of China, is well received by all tho tnornlng- papers, which, for lack of other news, chiefly devote their columns to Doc tor Morrison's remarkable messago to the Times, cabled yesterday to tho United 1 States. Knliier'a Latest Speech. The Berlin correspondent of tho Dally Chronicle, who reports Emperor William's extraordinary sermon of Monday, on board the Hohenzollern. tays that tomo of the most striking sentences attributed to tlia Kaiser are tho following: "Once again Is the heathen spirit of tho Amalekitea being raised In distant Asia, with great power and much cunning. With destruction and murder it will dispute the way to European trade and European culture It will dispute the victorious march of Christian customs and Christian faith. "And again Is heard God's command: Chooso us out men and go out to ficht with Anialek. A hot and hanguinary struggio I has cegun. Already a number of our brethren are over there under fire. Many more aro traveling along hostile coasts. "You :v0 seen them, tho thousands who. the Chinese Government will be compelled to act promptly. Mr. Hay's reply is re garded as preliminary to a formal declara tion of war. If China accepts Sccretary Hay's terms It must be at once, for tho troops are now marching upon Pekin. If she delays, they will bo thundering at the gates of the city. It is not believed here, even if the depart ment should be put in communication with Mr. Conger, that the allied troops will ho stopped. lu fact, it is almost certain that the forward movement will continue. Every message rent out by tho legationera im plored that a leltct forco be hurried for waid. When asked whether tho United States would assume, in tho light of the above cones-pondence, that tho Chinese Gov ernment was directly implicated. Secretary Hay said that China is yet regarded as a fiiendly nation, but the vigor of the dis patches scift by this Government indicates clearly that the crisis in peaceful relations ha? been reached. Tho reply to LI Hung Chang is regarded as the strongest document yet sent forth by Secretary Hay. It I, in efTect. not only a demand, but a threat. It is pointed out that such expressions as "this is insisted on," "is demanded as nn absolute right and not as a favor" and "the Chinese Govern ment puts itself in an unfriendly attitude by denying it, and is assuming a heavy re sponsibility in acting otherwise," arc al most too blunt and straightforward to bo termed diplo-matlc. The reply is regarded with favor by tho department officials. The Cabinet Unani mously approved Secretary Hay's position. Delicate Diplomatic Tank. If the Chinese Government now accepts Hay's terms, however, the United States will bo face to face with one of tho most delicate and momentous diplomatic tasks ever undertaken. It must attempt to re deem its promise to use its good offices in favor of China, and. In the present temper of some of the European Powers, the great est difficulties may be expected to arise In the prosecution of the attc'mpt. It is the confident expectation of the officials here, however, that if the Chinese Government actually and in good faith meets all of the four conditions laid down by the President in his reply to the Chinese Emperor's nppeal for aid, at least a majority of the Powers now reported In China will accept that as a proper base upon which to cease present hostilities and open negotiations for a settlement. The decision of the majority in such cae without doubt would receive the acquiescence of tho minority, else an interminable entanglement might arise. Xe-rrs Channels Closed. In the War Department news channels have been closed and the happenings In China are no longer made public. It is be lieved here that this secrecy will be broken only by the report of a big battle, and that In tho meantime nothing will be given out as to the movement of troops. If there is a fight it will be heralded at once, but any light upon military evolutions leadin- up to the engagement will not be shed through tho department. The secrecy of wai ls on and the air is laden with mystery. Regarding General Chaffee, Secretary Root was dumb to-day. He was importuned to give out any information he had regard ing the onward movement of tho American Heroics. to the call of volunteers to tho front, who will guard the empire, have assembled themselves to battle with victorious ban ners. We who remain at home are bound by other sacred duties. Woe unto us if we remain slothful and sluggish while they are engaged in their difficult and bloody work, and if. from our place of security, we only curiously look on while they wrestlo in bat tle. "Not only should wo mobilize battalions of troops, but we should also, and shall, set in motion an army of trained people to beg and entreat for our brethren that they may strike into the wild chaos with sword in hand. May they strike for our most sacred possessions. We would pray that God the Lord may make heroes of our men and lead those heroes to victory, and that then, with laurels on their helmets and or ders on their breasts, he may lead them home to the land of their fathers. "Our fight will not be finished in one day: but let not our hands grow weary or sink until victors- is secured. Let our prayers be as a wall of fire around the .camp of our brethren. Eternity will reveal the ful fillment of an old promise 'Call upon me In trouble, and I will deliver thee.' Therefore, pray continuously." MESSAGE FROM CONGER. SPECIAL BY CABLE. Tien-Tsin, July 27, via Che-Foo, Wednes day, Aug. 1. (Copyright, 1300, by the New York Herald Company.) A messenger who left Pekin on tho 21st arrived to-day with messages from several of the Ministers. United States Minister Conger sends tho following dispatch to Consul Ragsdale: "We have been besieged in the Urltlsh Legation for five weeks under a continual fire of the Chinese troops, but since the ICth, by agreement, there has been no fir ing. Fifty marines of all nationalities have been killed and more wounded. "We have provisions for several weeks, but little ammunition. If they continue to shell us as they have done we cannot hold out long, and a complete massacre will lol low. Wo hope relief can come soon. Glad to hear of tho victory at Tien-Tsin." The gist of the other messages is that the missionaries are uninjured, but that the missions are destroyed. The customs staff and their families aro uninjured. The foreigneis hold Legation street from the French to tho American legations on the north All are working at barricades and trenches and fighting and are nearly worn out. The Chinese seem to be short or ammunition. The American marines have fought llko tigers against fearful odds, and only Chlnose cowardice haa prevented the vg 4 M 111'NC: CHANG VAItS POWKHS MIT TO ADVANCE. SPECIAL. BY CABLE. 4 Shanghai. Aug. 2.-(Copyright, 190. by W. R. Hearst.) Your correspond- cut was entertained at tea la-t evening by Li Hung Chang, lie dc- clared that In spile of the advance by the allied troops on Pekin lie 4 would "stand by his orders" to act as peacemaker. "At whose request have you left Canton?" was as-ked. "At the Emperor's request," the Viceroy responded. "Do you apprehend any danger to the Minister from Tung Full Slang's 4 troops?" "There Is something In thK" the Viceroy replied with emphasis. "It is better that tho allied troops do not attempt to enter Pekin at present." "What is the last date of any com- munlcatlon you have received from 4 Pekin?" . "On July r.0 I received a telegram announcing the safety of the Mm- istcrs." . & "Have you memorialized the throne that you would be unsuccessful as a O peacemaker unless steps were taken to suppress the lioxers. and place the Ministers in communication with their respective Governments?" "Yes. and 1 intend standing by the. original orders to act as a peace- maker." "When do you hopo to open nego- tlatlons for a peaceable settlement?" "I cannot say, but I hope very shortly to leave for tho North as soon as possible." V Li Hung Chang expressed his pri- vato opinion that the lives of tho Ministers, and especially the Ameri- cans, were safo. He added: V "Theio is no need for a continuauco of tho American expedition to North China. To stop it will not only bo economic, but save the expedition unnecessary hardships, sufferings and loss of life in the poor, devastated districts." 1 General, but ho would say nothing. He said that in due tlmo every detail of the cam paign, now begun, would bo mado public. If ho received a cablegram that he could give to tho public, he would do so, but that all reports of the advunco of troops are withheld for the present. POWERS -OT IIAUMOMOI'S. ItKPUltLIC SPECIAL. Washington, Aug. 2. There aro evidences that tho Powers are not nil working to gether as harmoniously as could bo wished In tho Chinese matter. Practically every one of them, except tho United States, is looking forward to the time of final settle ment and is anxious to take the course that will secure it tfie most advantage at that time. A high ofilcial of tho Government, review ing tho attitude of the several Powers this evening, said that Russia and Germany were apprehensive that they might not se cure any additional territory or extension of spheres of Influence in the final settlement: Great Britain was fearful that she might not be able to retain control of her present sphere of influence; France proposed to stand by her ally, Russia, and Japan was fearing that unless she got in ahead of the other Powers, she might lose her present in fluential position in Oriental affairs. There are evidences of much Jealousy among tho Powers as a result of these con flicting interests. There are no negotiations now In progress between all the Powers, be yond some correspondence regarding tho progress of the international troops. The question of the future of China and the form of government that will be insisted upon after the international troops have taken Pekin, has not yet been taken up. This difficult problem doubtless will bo the subject of an international congress, and; pending a decision, it is probable that tho military occupation of Pekin will continue. ! H IIEART-REXDIMJ LETTER $ FROM I'EICIX LEGATION. London, Aug. 3. The Tien-Tsin enr- respondent of the Stantiard says: "A heartrending letter has been re- ceived from the Japanese Legation, dated July 22, stating that the cas- ualtles number CO per cent; that only twenty-five cartridges per man are left, with sufficient food for five days, and that It is feared tho legation will 4 succumb within a week." hordes of savages from massacring all the foreigners. MINISTERS' CONDITION. SPECIAL BY CABLE. London, Aug. 2.-(Copyright, im. by the New York Herald Company.) A special dispatch to the Dally Mall, dated Shang hai, Thursday, says: "An official telegram from the Tsunc Li Yamen, dated Monday, states that the Ministers in Pekin were all well on that date. "Friendly Intercourse, it is added, is now being carried on between the foreigners and the Chinese Government." YANG LU'S DEMAND. St. Petersburg, Aug. 2. The Chineiie Min ister, Yang Lu, on behalf of the other Chi nese Ministers at European capitals, has cabled the Governor of Shangtung. a de mand that the members of the legations be permitted free telegraphic communica tion with the Governments, and be sent to Tien-Tsin under a Chinese escort. SOUTHERN CHINA RESTLESS. London, Aug. 2. Telegrams from Hong Kong and Shanghai indicate that restless ness is increasing lu Southern China. The German mission at Namon has b'icn de stroyed, nnd the native city of Wu-Chow is no longer considered safe for foreigners. At the Bogue Forts target practice is going on. At Canton the authorities are enlisting recruits at $0 a month, twice the usual pay. Proclamations sent to the recruiting sta tions threaten officers who defraud tho troops. A third brignde was ordered to China from India to-day. It corsists of four na tive regiments, about 6,000 men. NO REPLY FROM PEKIN. France Unable to Hear From Min ister Pichou. Paris, Aug. 2. The French Consul Gen eral at Shanghai telegraphs as follows: "Li Hung Chang has stated to the United States Consul that tho Ministers will be put In communication with their respective Gov ernments If the allies arrest their march on Pekin. "Chang is yet unable to secure a reply to the message, in his care, to M. Plchon (the French Minister in Pekin), ns the Tsung Li Yamen will not consent to the forwarding of cipher messages for the Ministers. "It is asserted that the foreigners within tho Imperial City and the consular corps have decided to intrust the defense of the concessions to tho international naval forces." ii i,W!"'''tf !', !', '' ;.'l 'i. . " I I i U"".A "U.ihii! ;'l' "ill'l i "J " 7 81 t, JOIIXJJUI7L: "YOUR SOUI' SAjIMY." UNCLE SAM: "YVA AX I) OF ICE FLOATS' AKOUXJ) IX JOIfXXlE.'' RUSSIANS ARE' FIGHTING HARD. Repel Chinese at Tash- ischao and Slaughter Them. STORM A FORTRESS. Admiral Alexieff Is Summoned to New- Chwang. SPECIAL BY CABLE. New-Chwang. via Che-Foo. Wednesday, Aug. 1. (Copyright, 1900, by the New York Herald Company.) Russians are guarding the barricades. The situation is grave. They have landed re-enforcements to the number of 1,000 men. Tho Chinese bombarded Tashisehao, but were repulsed with great slaughter. ADMIRAL ALEXIEF'S MISSION. Shanghai, Wednesday,- Aug. 1. Admiral Alexieff has gone -to Ncw-Chwang, where the position of the Russians is regarded as ssrious. CHINESE FORTRESS STORMED. St. Petersburg, Aug. 2. General Grotle kolf, under date of Wednesday, August 1, telegraph"? as follows: "The Chinese fortress at Hung-Hun was stormed by General AJgusvoff, July 30, thus relieving tho posts of Novokljevskoje and Postja, threatened by tho Hung-Hun gar rison. Many guns were taken. The Rus sian loss was two officers and six men killed and four men wounded. A communique in tho Official Messenger says: "Information concerning the march of events in China shows the absolute power lessness of the Pekin Government against the rebels. "The Chinese Emperor's message to tho Czar, dated July 3, substantially in the same terms as those to President McKinley, President Luubet and Queen Victoria, elicited a reply from the Czar expressing grief over the disorders in China. The ab sence of news from Pekin as to the fate of tho Russian and other Ministers renders mediation difficult. Russian efforts will be directed to the restoration of order In China. Russia Is willing to aid the Emperor In this respect." SEYMOUR GOES TO NANKIN. lie Is an Unwelcome Visitor, but Insists on Seeing Viceroy. Shanghai, Aug. 1. Admiral Seymour, on board the British dispatch boat Alacrity, staited for Nankin to-day to consult with Liu Kuy Yi, Viceroy of Nankirt. Admiral Seymour wired the Viceroy of his Intended visit, and Liu Kuy Yi replied: "I am unwell and cannot see you." Admiral Seymour insisted upon making the vl"it, and the Viceroy responded by wire: "t am instructing a warship to proceed down the river to escort tho Alacrity to Nankin, in case of misunderstanding in pass.ng the foits." MINISTER WU DENIES. Did Xot Assure China of America's Friendship. Washington, Aug. 2. The Chinese Min ister had just read the dispatch of Doctor Morrison, from Pekin to the London Times, when he was seen by a representative of tho Associated Press this morning. Mr. Wu who all along has maintained an optimistic tone as to tho trend of events in China, seemed more distressed by yesterday's de velopments than at any time since the Chi nese trouble began. He said: "Of course. I do not know this corre spondent, and I cannot toll what his sofirces of information are. They certainly are not official utterances. He evidently has been under siege In the British Legation for a month and is naturally irritated so that his utterances probably are biased, and he is inclined to believe the worst of the im perial authorities, I see that he makes the direct statement that I have telegraphed my Government that the United States would "sladly assist the Chinese authori ties." This is untrue and it is unfair to me. 1 have telegraphed nothing direct to my Government beyond forwarding tho President's reply to the request of the Chi nese Government for mediation. Every one knows what that is. The statement that I have led my Government to expect help from the United States is most unfair to me. It looks as though I had not been deal ing candidly. As a matter of fact, I have been doing my utmost to deal honestly with both sides, and as a loyal subject I have tried to point out the best course to my home Government. In my communi cations with the Viceroys and high offi cials with whom I have been in correspond ence I have urged that the Ministers be put in free communication with their Gov ernments. I havo only had two direct com munications with my Government since tho first trouble occurred, which shows that di rect communication is not easy." It may be stated on good authority that the State Department, whatever may be its opinion of the Imperial Government of China, has had no reason to change Its -- ,"' --S. IS BLOODY, ltLOOMLV HOT, T DOXT NOTICE AXY CLIUNKS YOL'I! COXSUMMY, EITIIEU, B I THEY ESCAPED FROM PEKIN. SPECIAL BY CABLE. Troitzkosawblc, Tnuisbaiwalia, Siberia, Au'. 2 (Copyright, 1000, by W. It. Iluarst.) Seven American missionaries from Pekin, -with their families, have arriveil here. They escaped from Pekin and were chased across the sand and mountains of the Gobi Desert for J -J00 miles, suffering fearful tortures from the hot band, exposure and lack of food and water. The Russian Governor of Trans- baiwaiia sent out 500 Cossacks, who galloped south 400 miles into the desert nnd rescued them. The cavalry gave them food and shelter and brought them to Troitz- kasawsk, where they are receiving care at the hands of the autnori- ties. , Thousands of Christians have '. J been massacred, they report, and thousands more will die at the l hands of the Boxers, unless the ', Powers send large re-enforcements. ; The Chinese troops have been or- ! derod to kill all Christians and ', burn all their property. Foreigners in Mongolia are all ' safe. All is (juiet there. 1 ! opinion as to the sincerity and good inten tions of the Chinese Minister here, and the department is continuing to dual with him in entire confidence despite the peremptory tono of the latest message addressed by Secretary Hay through him to the Chinese Government. Regarding the possibility of violence be ing renewed against the Pekin legations In case the march of the international col umn on tho capital was not arrested, Mr. Wu declined to talk. He said that it was impossible to judge of the situation from this distance, but it was evident from his tone that ho was exceedingly anxious as to the outcome. THE WORST APPREHENDED. Iiebellion Against Whites Extends to the Xing-Po District. London, Aug. 2. Tho Chinese Inland Mission received the following cablegram from the Reverend F. W. Stevenson to-day: "Shanghai. July 31. Probably Misses King, Burton and Rasmur-in and Mrs. Cunnells have been murdered at Ho-Shan, Province of Shan-Si. There ! a local rebellion in the Ning-Po district, ai.d the worst is appre hended for all the workers, who aro two married couples and four single ladles." CANAL CONCESSION GRANTED. Nicaragua's Action May Embarrass the United States. Managua, Nicaragua, via Galveston, Tex., Aug. 2. The Nicaraguan Congress convened last evening, nnd was personally addressed by President Zelaya. He announced the ter mination of the conceslson to the Maritime Canal Company, and formally proclaimed the existence of the Eyre-Cragin Canal con cession, He also emphasized the Govern ment's programme for extending the nation al railroad. WASHINGTON NOT SURPRISED. Washington, Aug. 2. President Zelaya'9 announcement proclaiming the existence of the Cragin-Eyre canal concession in Nicar agua occasioned no marked surprise here, an such a proceeding was looked for, in view of the action of the native Government in entering Into an arrangement with that syndicate. At the same time the action of the Nicaraguan Government is a matter of regret in official circles, it being desired the statusi quo should be maintained for a timo at least. Eminent lawyers were of the opinion that the Maritime Canal Company was entitled to a prolongation of Its con tract in view of the peculiar conditions ex isting and felt that the proposition to per mit Nicaragua only to arbitrate the con flicting questions involved was not a fair one. Ofilciuls of the State Department say that no action has been taken by this Govern ment orf the matter in dispute, the United States having no direct Interest in the af fairs of cither corporation. They refuse to discuss the probabilities of the future, but it seems likely that if anything is done to ward the adjustment of the conflicting in terests of the two corporations it will as sume shape after some definite action by Congress on tho question of tho construc tion of the canal. Twenty Thousand Allies Engage Equal Number of Chinese at Yung-Taun. NORTH AND SOUTH They Will Re-enforce Imperial Army Opposing International Column Result of Con flict Not Known. SPKCIAL- BY CABLE. Shanghai, Aug. L (Copyright, 1000, by W. It. HearsO A big battle i re ported in progress between the Pekin relief column and the Chinese army near Yang-Tsun, eighteen miles north of Tien-Tsin. A Chinese army of 1:0,000 men is masked at Yang-T.-un. The Chinese were located by Japanese scouts. The relief column consists of a force of '20,000 men, with 170 gun-. They ex pect to enter the city n Pekin about August V-. A second column of Japanese troops is advancing on Pekin from the northeast. The Chinese are concentrating at Lang-Fang and Tung-Chow. OPPOSED BY 50,000 TRAINED CHINESE. St. Petersburg, Aug. 2. Advices received by the Kussian general staff from Tien-Tsin estimate that there are ."iO.OOO trained Chinese troops in Pekin, In addition to a large force of Boxers, whose sticngth is not yet broken. lu the opinion of the general staff to march on Pekin before the end of tho rainy season would be risky, the climate being changeable. EUROPEAN ARMIES MAY BE FLANKED. SPECLVL BY CABLE. London, Friday, Aug. I!. (Copyright, lilOo, by the New York Herald Com pany.) A special dispatch to the Daily Telegraph, dated Shanghai, "Wednesday, fcays: "Trustworthy information reaches me that Chinese troops are steadily ad vancing northward from the Yang-Tse Valley and also from the north toward the south, and may attack and Hank the European armies." INFLUENCED BY WASHINGTON ORDER. London, Aug. 8. According to the Daily Express cablegrams from Che-Foo announce that the Imperial Chinese troops, advancing to oppose the relief force, have completely wiped out a Christian town near Pekin, killing five for eign priests and 10,000 native Christians. General Gaselee so says this correspondent was strongly opposed to an immediate advance, but he was overruled by the other commanders and in- fluenced by Washington's order to General Chaffee to "proceed without an in stant's delay." TWO FOREIGN REPUBLIC SPECIAL. Washington, Aug. 2. It would not be sur prising to well-informed military experts here should the Chinese army, which pro poses to dispute the advance of the allied troops upon Pekin, be caught between two fires. Because of the lnadvlsabllity of per mitting information relative to the move ments of troops to reach the Chinese, the authorities hesitate to discuss the plan of campaign thnt has been adopted, though un doubtedly they have been made acquaint ed with at least some of its features. In fact, it is stated by the officials that tho situation in China justifies them In resuming the reserve thrown off when the war with Spain closed. Secretary Root asserted late this evening that he had not been advised that the al lies had started for Pekin, nor in diplomat ic circles Is it believed that the main army has commenced to march. The operations which have thus far taken place are be lieved to be confined to the advance guard, which Is expected to establish a base a short distance from Tien-Tsin. When the main body has come up with the advance guard the latter will again be sent forward. In this way the troops will be operating from a base close at hand. No surprise would be expressed by the of ficials should a column of the allies be re ported as having left Sh3n-Hai-Kwan. This port 13 on the same parallel of latitude as Pekin. There is a good road leading to Pekin from Shan-IIai-Kwan, and the col umn following it could operate with that leaving Tien-Tsin. No American troops have gone to Shan-Hal-Kwan, but it was recently reported that a strong body of Japanese had been sent there. It is expected by the officials that tho Chinese troops will make an effort to stop the allies a short distance from Tien-Tsin and victory by the foreign troops probably wlll cause the Chinese to determine not to make a further stand in forco except be hind tho walls of Pekin. It has been noted by the military experts that the Chinese are reported to have dammed the Pei-Ho River. It is expected that when the allies commence their march tho dam will be broken and the lowlands flooded. A prominent foreign diplomat, ac quainted with the character of the coun try about Tien-Tsin, said to-day that if such an net were committed the only ef fect would be to make the transportation more difficult, and thus Impede the march of the troops. War Department officials imit that at this moment transportation is a most serious problem, and General Mac Arthur will be depended upon to relieve tho need of General Chaffee in this tespect. Tho disposition In official circles seems to be to believe that the administration of an other defeat to the Chinese forces outside of Tien-Tsin will mean the collapse of or ganized opposition. It was pointed out to day that the Chinese have made every dip lomatic effort to stop the advance of the ut iles, and these efforts could only havo been caused by apprehension that Pekin would suffer as Tien-Tsin hud. It Is ultogether likely that a strong war party exists in Pe kin, but the defeat of the Chinese troops by the expedition sent to the relief of Pe kin will, in the view of officials here, un doubtedly cause an ascension of the peace party in influence. FEAR OK TREACHERY. SPECIAL BY CABLE. London, Friday, Aug. 3. (Copyright. 1900, by the New York Herald Company.) These advices from its special correspondent are published by the Daily Mail: "Shanghai, Wednesday A courier who left Pekin on July a explains the greaj; dan ger of treachery on the part of the Chinese. They were strengthening the barricades around the legations and placing artillery on the wall3 of the imperial city command ing the legations. If they delivered an other attack the Europeans could hardly expect to hold out, since their ammunition was almost exhausted. "The Chinese in Pskin are kept Informed of the weakness of the foreign forces now gathering at the coust by the" Shanghai officials. If the Pekin reports are correct, Europeans there are by no means out oS danger, for, should the defeated Chinese forces, after an encounter with the relief force, fall back on Pekin, it is very proba ble that they would wreak vengeance on the practically defenseless foreigners." BUILDING ARMORED TRAINS. London, Aug. 2. A news agency dispatch from Tien-Tsin. July 23, reports that Lieu tenant General Llnowltch has succeeded Alexieff in command of the Russian forces there. The Russians. th dispatch addi, ar CHINA RUSH TROOPS. ARMIES MOYE. constructing armored trains in the Tien Tsin shops, and intend reconstructing tha railway a3 fast as the column advances toward Pekin. PROFFERED FINANCIAL AID. Groa't Britain Wanted to Helo Japau British' Cabinet Views. London. Aug. 2. In Parliament to-day. while giving the daily record of steps tho Government had taken with a. view to res cuing the Pekin legations. Mr. Broderlck stntwl that on July 6 the Government prof fered financial assistance to Japan with tha special object of relieving the legations. The Government, he said, would press for ward by every means In "their power to tha relief of the legations. In the Yang-tsa ."phere British ship1 and forces would assist the Viceroys, but must limit their under takings to the defense of Shanghai. Tha Government had thought It wise to order a. third brigade from India, in readiness foe possible emergencies. The Cabinet, ilr. Broderlck said, was com pletely unanimous against partition oC China, which would be fraught with infinite danger, and the Government had no reason to believe they were at variance with any o'f the European Powers in that respect. Further, the Government would do nothing to tot up anything but a Chinese adminis tration in China. The Government had not in contemplation the Idea of organizing: tha Chinese army under foreign officers. What form the Indemnity should take must bo left for future consideration. Ilr. Broderlck; thought it was a time when the less said, the better. Great changes might result from the recent calamitous events, but he hoped tho European Powers would discover soma foundation upon which to build up a Chi nese Government, which would Insure civil izing rule to a population forming one-third of the human race. LEADING TOPICS -is - TO-DAY'S REPUBLIC For 3Hnoiirl anil Illinois Generally fair I'rldiiy unit Saturday; Jfresb Montherly ivinils. For Arknnins Generally fair Frl day and Saturday; aonthcrly -rvlnda. 1. First Great Battle of the Advance. Russians Fighting Hard. China Warned War Is Near. 2. Taylor's Orders to His Forces. Amendment Wins In North Carolina. Substitutes In Camp. 3. Attempted to Kill the Shah of Persia. i. Race Track Results. Baseball Scores. Sporting News. 5. She Made Two Attempts at Suicide. Once a Millionaire, Now a Marine. Claim a Slice or Philadelphia, City News in Brief. C. Editorial. Missouri Republicans Iack Funds. Clash With Troops Over Tundra Claim. Jester Will Resume Pulpit In Oklahoma Weddings and Personal Notes. 7."Bryan Will Not Speak In August. Mrs. Buckley on the Stand. 8. Republic Want Ads. 9. New Corporations. Transfers of Realty. The Railroads. Government Weather Report. . 10. Grain and Provisions. 11. Financial News. River Telegrams. 12. William Cuddy's Disastrous Dream. Tale of a Voodoo Amulet. Suburban Cars Blockaded by a Housfc Design for Confederate Monument. Texas After tha Trusts. Saengerbund to Meet. 4-i r3J i a-'.! ', w ''iViJ'W'. ? 4g.?'--'-Sg-Mtaajia