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The St. Louis Republic. [volume] (St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, August 03, 1900, Image 1

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Richard Harding Davis Describes
an Interesting Ceremony.
( In St. Lonls. One Cent.
PTf TPVR! -1 Outside St. Loul. Two Cents.
JTXVJA-U-i 0n Tpj-inn. Three Cents.
3. 1900.
Places Herself in Unfriendly Atti
tude toy Not Restoring Communication.
Pekin Government Has Admitted It Controls Sit
uation and Now It Must Let Powers
Hear From Envoys.
Washington, Aug. 2. The advance to Fe
ltln having; begun, the State Department no
longer deems It necessary to remain silent,
or suppress the official correspondence,
which immidiately preceded the march on
the Chinese capital. This correspondence
l. of vital importance. The dispatch from
this Government to 14 Huns Chans almost
bristled with bayonets.
The correspondence vas inaugurated by
Consul Goodnow at Shanghai, who ent to
the United States a, message from Li Hun?
Chan?, proposing to deliver up the foreign
Ministers if the march on Pekin be aban
doned. China's scheme then was under
stood, and hor ncency in the assaults upon
the foreign Ministers was made known. She
admitted in effect that the Ministers were
lield as hostages and that tho Chinese Gov
ernment bad violated tho most sacred in
ternational obligations. The answer sent
Vy Secretary Hay was significant.
Tho eorrespondenco follows:
Telegram sent to the United States Em
hassles in Berlin, London. Paris. Home and
St. Petersburg, mid to the United States
Miniter at Tokio:
"Department of State. Washington. Aug".
1. JSJrt. In leply to a suggestion of Li Hung
Chang that the Ministers might be sent un
der safo escort to Tien-Tsin provided the
Powers would engage not to inarch on Pe
kin. the Secretary of State replied on tho
SOtli of July:
" "This Government will not enter Into
nny arrangement regarding disposition or
treatment of legations without first having
free communication with Minister Concer.
Responsibility for their protection rests
upon the Chinese Government. Power to
deliver at Tien-Tin presupposes power to
protect, and to open communication. This
Is insisted on.' "
This message was delivered bq Mr. Good
now on the 31st to Viceroy LI. who then in
quired whether, "if free communication
were established between Ministers and
their Governments, it could be arranged
that the Powers should not advance on Pe
kin pending negotiations."
To this Inquiry the following reply was
sent on the first of August:
"Goodnow. Consul General, Shanghai: I
do not think it expedient to submit the prop
osition of Earl Li to the other Powers. Free
communication with our representatives in
Pekin is demanded as a matter of absolute
right, and not as a favor. Since the Chinese
Government admits that it possesses the
power to give communication, it puts Itself
in an unfriendly attitude by denying it. No
negotiations seem advisable until the Chi-
. nrso-Hret Jiall have put the diplomatic rep,-
n-suiiiauves oi me i'owets in iuu and ireo
communication with the respective govern
ments and removed all danger to their lives
and liberty. We would urge Earl Li ear
nestly to advise the imperial authorities of
China to place themsel-es in friendly com
munication and co-operation with tho relief
expedition. They are assuming a heavy re
sponsibility in acting otherwise.
(Signed.) "HAT."
"You will communicate this information
io me -Minister or .foreign Affairs.
Criuls Ilns Ilcen Itenclicil.
Before the correspondence was given to
the public the matter was thoroughly dis
cussed at tho Cabinet meeting. It is believed
that a. crisis has been reached, and that
Other Commanders Fall in Line Praise
From Austria Fifty Missionaries
Massacred Kaiser's
London, Aug. 3, t:iS a. m The Vienna cor
respondent of the Times says:
"The Neuc Frcie Press greets the deci
sion of the British and American Govern
ments to advance to Pekin independently
with th, greatest satisfaction. It believes
that tho resolution of these two Powers will
put an end to the caralysis occasioned by
tho unsolved question of the chief command
and will inspire the combined forces with
fresh life and vigor. It says that when
onco the Anglo-American troops assume the
offensive the others will follow suit."
No word comes this morning regarding tho
fortunes of the comparatively small body
of troops believed to bo forging their way
toward Pekin. The silence probably is duo
to diligent censorship, rather than to any
lack of developments.
A Shanghai tpeclal announces tho receipt
of an official telegram from the Tsung Li
Yamen asserting that tho Ministers were
all well on July 30.
Fifty MUsinnurieM 3Ianc;cil.
From Shanghai, tho Daily Express has
received confirmation of the reported murder
of fifty missionaries in tho Province of
Shan-SI, with the additional information
that eight English women wero dragged out
of the mission buildings by a Chinese mob,
who beheaded them in the streets of Chu
Chou. French troops are reported to have occu
pied Meng-Tszc, In tho Province of Yan
Nan. Mr. Broderick's statement in the House of
Commons yesterday, placing Great Britain
on record as unalterably opposed to the par
tition of China, is well received by all tho
tnornlng- papers, which, for lack of other
news, chiefly devote their columns to Doc
tor Morrison's remarkable messago to the
Times, cabled yesterday to tho United
1 States.
Knliier'a Latest Speech.
The Berlin correspondent of tho Dally
Chronicle, who reports Emperor William's
extraordinary sermon of Monday, on board
the Hohenzollern. tays that tomo of the
most striking sentences attributed to tlia
Kaiser are tho following:
"Once again Is the heathen spirit of tho
Amalekitea being raised In distant Asia,
with great power and much cunning. With
destruction and murder it will dispute the
way to European trade and European
culture It will dispute the victorious march
of Christian customs and Christian faith.
"And again Is heard God's command:
Chooso us out men and go out to ficht with
Anialek. A hot and hanguinary struggio I
has cegun. Already a number of our
brethren are over there under fire. Many
more aro traveling along hostile coasts.
"You :v0 seen them, tho thousands who.
the Chinese Government will be compelled
to act promptly. Mr. Hay's reply is re
garded as preliminary to a formal declara
tion of war. If China accepts Sccretary
Hay's terms It must be at once, for tho
troops are now marching upon Pekin. If
she delays, they will bo thundering at the
gates of the city.
It is not believed here, even if the depart
ment should be put in communication with
Mr. Conger, that the allied troops will ho
stopped. lu fact, it is almost certain that
the forward movement will continue. Every
message rent out by tho legationera im
plored that a leltct forco be hurried for
waid. When asked whether tho United
States would assume, in tho light of the
above cones-pondence, that tho Chinese Gov
ernment was directly implicated. Secretary
Hay said that China is yet regarded as a
fiiendly nation, but the vigor of the dis
patches scift by this Government indicates
clearly that the crisis in peaceful relations
ha? been reached.
Tho reply to LI Hung Chang is regarded
as the strongest document yet sent forth
by Secretary Hay. It I, in efTect. not only
a demand, but a threat. It is pointed out
that such expressions as "this is insisted
on," "is demanded as nn absolute right and
not as a favor" and "the Chinese Govern
ment puts itself in an unfriendly attitude
by denying it, and is assuming a heavy re
sponsibility in acting otherwise," arc al
most too blunt and straightforward to bo
termed diplo-matlc.
The reply is regarded with favor by tho
department officials. The Cabinet Unani
mously approved Secretary Hay's position.
Delicate Diplomatic Tank.
If the Chinese Government now accepts
Hay's terms, however, the United States
will bo face to face with one of tho most
delicate and momentous diplomatic tasks
ever undertaken. It must attempt to re
deem its promise to use its good offices in
favor of China, and. In the present temper
of some of the European Powers, the great
est difficulties may be expected to arise In
the prosecution of the attc'mpt. It is the
confident expectation of the officials here,
however, that if the Chinese Government
actually and in good faith meets all of the
four conditions laid down by the President
in his reply to the Chinese Emperor's nppeal
for aid, at least a majority of the
Powers now reported In China will accept
that as a proper base upon which to cease
present hostilities and open negotiations for
a settlement. The decision of the majority
in such cae without doubt would receive
the acquiescence of tho minority, else an
interminable entanglement might arise.
Xe-rrs Channels Closed.
In the War Department news channels
have been closed and the happenings In
China are no longer made public. It is be
lieved here that this secrecy will be broken
only by the report of a big battle, and
that In tho meantime nothing will be given
out as to the movement of troops. If there
is a fight it will be heralded at once, but
any light upon military evolutions leadin-
up to the engagement will not be shed
through tho department. The secrecy of wai
ls on and the air is laden with mystery.
Regarding General Chaffee, Secretary
Root was dumb to-day. He was importuned
to give out any information he had regard
ing the onward movement of tho American
to the call of volunteers to tho front, who
will guard the empire, have assembled
themselves to battle with victorious ban
ners. We who remain at home are bound
by other sacred duties. Woe unto us if we
remain slothful and sluggish while they are
engaged in their difficult and bloody work,
and if. from our place of security, we only
curiously look on while they wrestlo in bat
tle. "Not only should wo mobilize battalions
of troops, but we should also, and shall,
set in motion an army of trained people to
beg and entreat for our brethren that they
may strike into the wild chaos with sword
in hand. May they strike for our most
sacred possessions. We would pray that
God the Lord may make heroes of our men
and lead those heroes to victory, and that
then, with laurels on their helmets and or
ders on their breasts, he may lead them
home to the land of their fathers.
"Our fight will not be finished in one day:
but let not our hands grow weary or sink
until victors- is secured. Let our prayers
be as a wall of fire around the .camp of
our brethren. Eternity will reveal the ful
fillment of an old promise 'Call upon me In
trouble, and I will deliver thee.' Therefore,
pray continuously."
Tien-Tsin, July 27, via Che-Foo, Wednes
day, Aug. 1. (Copyright, 1300, by the New
York Herald Company.) A messenger who
left Pekin on tho 21st arrived to-day with
messages from several of the Ministers.
United States Minister Conger sends tho
following dispatch to Consul Ragsdale:
"We have been besieged in the Urltlsh
Legation for five weeks under a continual
fire of the Chinese troops, but since the
ICth, by agreement, there has been no fir
ing. Fifty marines of all nationalities have
been killed and more wounded.
"We have provisions for several weeks,
but little ammunition. If they continue to
shell us as they have done we cannot hold
out long, and a complete massacre will lol
low. Wo hope relief can come soon. Glad
to hear of tho victory at Tien-Tsin."
The gist of the other messages is that the
missionaries are uninjured, but that the
missions are destroyed. The customs staff
and their families aro uninjured.
The foreigneis hold Legation street from
the French to tho American legations on
the north All are working at barricades
and trenches and fighting and are nearly
worn out. The Chinese seem to be short or
ammunition. The American marines have
fought llko tigers against fearful odds, and
only Chlnose cowardice haa prevented the
4 Shanghai. Aug. 2.-(Copyright, 190.
by W. R. Hearst.) Your correspond-
cut was entertained at tea la-t
evening by Li Hung Chang, lie dc-
clared that In spile of the advance
by the allied troops on Pekin lie
4 would "stand by his orders" to act
as peacemaker.
"At whose request have you left
Canton?" was as-ked.
"At the Emperor's request," the
Viceroy responded.
"Do you apprehend any danger to
the Minister from Tung Full Slang's 4
"There Is something In thK" the
Viceroy replied with emphasis. "It
is better that tho allied troops do not
attempt to enter Pekin at present."
"What is the last date of any com-
munlcatlon you have received from
4 Pekin?" .
"On July r.0 I received a telegram
announcing the safety of the Mm-
istcrs." . &
"Have you memorialized the throne
that you would be unsuccessful as a O
peacemaker unless steps were taken
to suppress the lioxers. and place the
Ministers in communication with
their respective Governments?"
"Yes. and 1 intend standing by the.
original orders to act as a peace-
"When do you hopo to open nego-
tlatlons for a peaceable settlement?"
"I cannot say, but I hope very
shortly to leave for tho North as
soon as possible." V
Li Hung Chang expressed his pri-
vato opinion that the lives of tho
Ministers, and especially the Ameri-
cans, were safo. He added: V
"Theio is no need for a continuauco
of tho American expedition to North
China. To stop it will not only bo
economic, but save the expedition
unnecessary hardships, sufferings and
loss of life in the poor, devastated
General, but ho would say nothing. He said
that in due tlmo every detail of the cam
paign, now begun, would bo mado public.
If ho received a cablegram that he could
give to tho public, he would do so, but that
all reports of the advunco of troops are
withheld for the present.
Washington, Aug. 2. There aro evidences
that tho Powers are not nil working to
gether as harmoniously as could bo wished
In tho Chinese matter. Practically every
one of them, except tho United States, is
looking forward to the time of final settle
ment and is anxious to take the course that
will secure it tfie most advantage at that
A high ofilcial of tho Government, review
ing tho attitude of the several Powers this
evening, said that Russia and Germany
were apprehensive that they might not se
cure any additional territory or extension of
spheres of Influence in the final settlement:
Great Britain was fearful that she might
not be able to retain control of her present
sphere of influence; France proposed to
stand by her ally, Russia, and Japan was
fearing that unless she got in ahead of the
other Powers, she might lose her present in
fluential position in Oriental affairs.
There are evidences of much Jealousy
among tho Powers as a result of these con
flicting interests. There are no negotiations
now In progress between all the Powers, be
yond some correspondence regarding tho
progress of the international troops. The
question of the future of China and the
form of government that will be insisted
upon after the international troops have
taken Pekin, has not yet been taken up.
This difficult problem doubtless will bo the
subject of an international congress, and;
pending a decision, it is probable that tho
military occupation of Pekin will continue.
! H
London, Aug. 3. The Tien-Tsin enr-
respondent of the Stantiard says:
"A heartrending letter has been re-
ceived from the Japanese Legation,
dated July 22, stating that the cas-
ualtles number CO per cent; that only
twenty-five cartridges per man are
left, with sufficient food for five days,
and that It is feared tho legation will 4
succumb within a week."
hordes of savages from massacring all the
London, Aug. 2.-(Copyright, im. by the
New York Herald Company.) A special
dispatch to the Dally Mall, dated Shang
hai, Thursday, says:
"An official telegram from the Tsunc Li
Yamen, dated Monday, states that the
Ministers in Pekin were all well on that
"Friendly Intercourse, it is added, is now
being carried on between the foreigners
and the Chinese Government."
St. Petersburg, Aug. 2. The Chineiie Min
ister, Yang Lu, on behalf of the other Chi
nese Ministers at European capitals, has
cabled the Governor of Shangtung. a de
mand that the members of the legations
be permitted free telegraphic communica
tion with the Governments, and be sent
to Tien-Tsin under a Chinese escort.
London, Aug. 2. Telegrams from Hong
Kong and Shanghai indicate that restless
ness is increasing lu Southern China. The
German mission at Namon has b'icn de
stroyed, nnd the native city of Wu-Chow
is no longer considered safe for foreigners.
At the Bogue Forts target practice is going
on. At Canton the authorities are enlisting
recruits at $0 a month, twice the usual
Proclamations sent to the recruiting sta
tions threaten officers who defraud tho
A third brignde was ordered to China
from India to-day. It corsists of four na
tive regiments, about 6,000 men.
France Unable to Hear From Min
ister Pichou.
Paris, Aug. 2. The French Consul Gen
eral at Shanghai telegraphs as follows:
"Li Hung Chang has stated to the United
States Consul that tho Ministers will be put
In communication with their respective Gov
ernments If the allies arrest their march on
"Chang is yet unable to secure a reply to
the message, in his care, to M. Plchon (the
French Minister in Pekin), ns the Tsung Li
Yamen will not consent to the forwarding
of cipher messages for the Ministers.
"It is asserted that the foreigners within
tho Imperial City and the consular corps
have decided to intrust the defense of the
concessions to tho international naval
ii i,W!"'''tf
!', !', '' ;.'l 'i. . " I I i U"".A
"U.ihii! ;'l' "ill'l i "J " 7
81 t,
Repel Chinese at Tash-
ischao and Slaughter
Admiral Alexieff Is
Summoned to New-
New-Chwang. via Che-Foo. Wednesday,
Aug. 1. (Copyright, 1900, by the New York
Herald Company.) Russians are guarding
the barricades. The situation is grave.
They have landed re-enforcements to the
number of 1,000 men.
Tho Chinese bombarded Tashisehao, but
were repulsed with great slaughter.
Shanghai, Wednesday,- Aug. 1. Admiral
Alexieff has gone -to Ncw-Chwang, where
the position of the Russians is regarded as
St. Petersburg, Aug. 2. General Grotle
kolf, under date of Wednesday, August 1,
telegraph"? as follows:
"The Chinese fortress at Hung-Hun was
stormed by General AJgusvoff, July 30, thus
relieving tho posts of Novokljevskoje and
Postja, threatened by tho Hung-Hun gar
rison. Many guns were taken. The Rus
sian loss was two officers and six men killed
and four men wounded.
A communique in tho Official Messenger
"Information concerning the march of
events in China shows the absolute power
lessness of the Pekin Government against
the rebels.
"The Chinese Emperor's message to tho
Czar, dated July 3, substantially in the
same terms as those to President McKinley,
President Luubet and Queen Victoria,
elicited a reply from the Czar expressing
grief over the disorders in China. The ab
sence of news from Pekin as to the fate
of tho Russian and other Ministers renders
mediation difficult. Russian efforts will be
directed to the restoration of order In
China. Russia Is willing to aid the Emperor
In this respect."
lie Is an Unwelcome Visitor, but
Insists on Seeing Viceroy.
Shanghai, Aug. 1. Admiral Seymour, on
board the British dispatch boat Alacrity,
staited for Nankin to-day to consult with
Liu Kuy Yi, Viceroy of Nankirt. Admiral
Seymour wired the Viceroy of his Intended
visit, and Liu Kuy Yi replied:
"I am unwell and cannot see you."
Admiral Seymour insisted upon making
the vl"it, and the Viceroy responded by wire:
"t am instructing a warship to proceed
down the river to escort tho Alacrity to
Nankin, in case of misunderstanding in
pass.ng the foits."
Did Xot Assure China of America's
Washington, Aug. 2. The Chinese Min
ister had just read the dispatch of Doctor
Morrison, from Pekin to the London Times,
when he was seen by a representative of tho
Associated Press this morning. Mr. Wu
who all along has maintained an optimistic
tone as to tho trend of events in China,
seemed more distressed by yesterday's de
velopments than at any time since the Chi
nese trouble began. He said:
"Of course. I do not know this corre
spondent, and I cannot toll what his sofirces
of information are. They certainly are not
official utterances. He evidently has been
under siege In the British Legation for a
month and is naturally irritated so that
his utterances probably are biased, and he
is inclined to believe the worst of the im
perial authorities, I see that he makes the
direct statement that I have telegraphed
my Government that the United States
would "sladly assist the Chinese authori
ties." This is untrue and it is unfair to
me. 1 have telegraphed nothing direct to
my Government beyond forwarding tho
President's reply to the request of the Chi
nese Government for mediation. Every one
knows what that is. The statement that I
have led my Government to expect help
from the United States is most unfair to
me. It looks as though I had not been deal
ing candidly. As a matter of fact, I have
been doing my utmost to deal honestly
with both sides, and as a loyal subject I
have tried to point out the best course to
my home Government. In my communi
cations with the Viceroys and high offi
cials with whom I have been in correspond
ence I have urged that the Ministers be
put in free communication with their Gov
ernments. I havo only had two direct com
munications with my Government since tho
first trouble occurred, which shows that di
rect communication is not easy."
It may be stated on good authority that
the State Department, whatever may be
its opinion of the Imperial Government of
China, has had no reason to change Its
-- ,"' --S.
Troitzkosawblc, Tnuisbaiwalia,
Siberia, Au'. 2 (Copyright, 1000,
by W. It. Iluarst.) Seven American
missionaries from Pekin, -with
their families, have arriveil here.
They escaped from Pekin and
were chased across the sand and
mountains of the Gobi Desert for
J -J00 miles, suffering fearful tortures
from the hot band, exposure and
lack of food and water.
The Russian Governor of Trans-
baiwaiia sent out 500 Cossacks,
who galloped south 400 miles into
the desert nnd rescued them.
The cavalry gave them food and
shelter and brought them to Troitz-
kasawsk, where they are receiving
care at the hands of the autnori-
, Thousands of Christians have '.
J been massacred, they report, and
thousands more will die at the
l hands of the Boxers, unless the ',
Powers send large re-enforcements. ;
The Chinese troops have been or-
! derod to kill all Christians and ',
burn all their property.
Foreigners in Mongolia are all
' safe. All is (juiet there. 1
opinion as to the sincerity and good inten
tions of the Chinese Minister here, and the
department is continuing to dual with him
in entire confidence despite the peremptory
tono of the latest message addressed by
Secretary Hay through him to the Chinese
Regarding the possibility of violence be
ing renewed against the Pekin legations
In case the march of the international col
umn on tho capital was not arrested, Mr.
Wu declined to talk. He said that it was
impossible to judge of the situation from
this distance, but it was evident from his
tone that ho was exceedingly anxious as to
the outcome.
Iiebellion Against Whites Extends
to the Xing-Po District.
London, Aug. 2. Tho Chinese Inland
Mission received the following cablegram
from the Reverend F. W. Stevenson to-day:
"Shanghai. July 31. Probably Misses King,
Burton and Rasmur-in and Mrs. Cunnells
have been murdered at Ho-Shan, Province
of Shan-Si. There ! a local rebellion in the
Ning-Po district, ai.d the worst is appre
hended for all the workers, who aro two
married couples and four single ladles."
Nicaragua's Action May Embarrass
the United States.
Managua, Nicaragua, via Galveston, Tex.,
Aug. 2. The Nicaraguan Congress convened
last evening, nnd was personally addressed
by President Zelaya. He announced the ter
mination of the conceslson to the Maritime
Canal Company, and formally proclaimed
the existence of the Eyre-Cragin Canal con
cession, He also emphasized the Govern
ment's programme for extending the nation
al railroad.
Washington, Aug. 2. President Zelaya'9
announcement proclaiming the existence of
the Cragin-Eyre canal concession in Nicar
agua occasioned no marked surprise here,
an such a proceeding was looked for, in
view of the action of the native Government
in entering Into an arrangement with that
At the same time the action of the
Nicaraguan Government is a matter of
regret in official circles, it being desired the
statusi quo should be maintained for a timo
at least. Eminent lawyers were of the
opinion that the Maritime Canal Company
was entitled to a prolongation of Its con
tract in view of the peculiar conditions ex
isting and felt that the proposition to per
mit Nicaragua only to arbitrate the con
flicting questions involved was not a fair
Ofilciuls of the State Department say that
no action has been taken by this Govern
ment orf the matter in dispute, the United
States having no direct Interest in the af
fairs of cither corporation. They refuse to
discuss the probabilities of the future, but
it seems likely that if anything is done to
ward the adjustment of the conflicting in
terests of the two corporations it will as
sume shape after some definite action by
Congress on tho question of tho construc
tion of the canal.
Twenty Thousand Allies Engage
Equal Number of Chinese
at Yung-Taun.
They Will Re-enforce Imperial Army Opposing
International Column Result of Con
flict Not Known.
Shanghai, Aug. L (Copyright, 1000, by W. It. HearsO A big battle i re
ported in progress between the Pekin relief column and the Chinese army near
Yang-Tsun, eighteen miles north of Tien-Tsin.
A Chinese army of 1:0,000 men is masked at Yang-T.-un.
The Chinese were located by Japanese scouts.
The relief column consists of a force of '20,000 men, with 170 gun-. They ex
pect to enter the city n Pekin about August V-.
A second column of Japanese troops is advancing on Pekin from the
The Chinese are concentrating at Lang-Fang and Tung-Chow.
St. Petersburg, Aug. 2. Advices received by the Kussian general staff from
Tien-Tsin estimate that there are ."iO.OOO trained Chinese troops in Pekin, In
addition to a large force of Boxers, whose sticngth is not yet broken.
lu the opinion of the general staff to march on Pekin before the end of tho
rainy season would be risky, the climate being changeable.
London, Friday, Aug. I!. (Copyright, lilOo, by the New York Herald Com
pany.) A special dispatch to the Daily Telegraph, dated Shanghai, "Wednesday,
"Trustworthy information reaches me that Chinese troops are steadily ad
vancing northward from the Yang-Tse Valley and also from the north toward
the south, and may attack and Hank the European armies."
London, Aug. 8. According to the Daily Express cablegrams from Che-Foo
announce that the Imperial Chinese troops, advancing to oppose the relief
force, have completely wiped out a Christian town near Pekin, killing five for
eign priests and 10,000 native Christians.
General Gaselee so says this correspondent was strongly opposed to an
immediate advance, but he was overruled by the other commanders and in-
fluenced by Washington's order to General Chaffee to "proceed without an in
stant's delay."
Washington, Aug. 2. It would not be sur
prising to well-informed military experts
here should the Chinese army, which pro
poses to dispute the advance of the allied
troops upon Pekin, be caught between two
fires. Because of the lnadvlsabllity of per
mitting information relative to the move
ments of troops to reach the Chinese, the
authorities hesitate to discuss the plan of
campaign thnt has been adopted, though un
doubtedly they have been made acquaint
ed with at least some of its features. In
fact, it is stated by the officials that tho
situation in China justifies them In resuming
the reserve thrown off when the war with
Spain closed.
Secretary Root asserted late this evening
that he had not been advised that the al
lies had started for Pekin, nor in diplomat
ic circles Is it believed that the main army
has commenced to march. The operations
which have thus far taken place are be
lieved to be confined to the advance guard,
which Is expected to establish a base a
short distance from Tien-Tsin. When the
main body has come up with the advance
guard the latter will again be sent forward.
In this way the troops will be operating
from a base close at hand.
No surprise would be expressed by the of
ficials should a column of the allies be re
ported as having left Sh3n-Hai-Kwan. This
port 13 on the same parallel of latitude as
Pekin. There is a good road leading to
Pekin from Shan-IIai-Kwan, and the col
umn following it could operate with that
leaving Tien-Tsin. No American troops
have gone to Shan-Hal-Kwan, but it was
recently reported that a strong body of
Japanese had been sent there.
It is expected by the officials that tho
Chinese troops will make an effort to stop
the allies a short distance from Tien-Tsin
and victory by the foreign troops probably
wlll cause the Chinese to determine not to
make a further stand in forco except be
hind tho walls of Pekin.
It has been noted by the military experts
that the Chinese are reported to have
dammed the Pei-Ho River. It is expected
that when the allies commence their march
tho dam will be broken and the lowlands
flooded. A prominent foreign diplomat, ac
quainted with the character of the coun
try about Tien-Tsin, said to-day that if
such an net were committed the only ef
fect would be to make the transportation
more difficult, and thus Impede the march
of the troops. War Department officials
imit that at this moment transportation
is a most serious problem, and General Mac
Arthur will be depended upon to relieve tho
need of General Chaffee in this tespect.
Tho disposition In official circles seems to
be to believe that the administration of an
other defeat to the Chinese forces outside
of Tien-Tsin will mean the collapse of or
ganized opposition. It was pointed out to
day that the Chinese have made every dip
lomatic effort to stop the advance of the ut
iles, and these efforts could only havo been
caused by apprehension that Pekin would
suffer as Tien-Tsin hud. It Is ultogether
likely that a strong war party exists in Pe
kin, but the defeat of the Chinese troops
by the expedition sent to the relief of Pe
kin will, in the view of officials here, un
doubtedly cause an ascension of the peace
party in influence.
London, Friday, Aug. 3. (Copyright. 1900,
by the New York Herald Company.) These
advices from its special correspondent are
published by the Daily Mail:
"Shanghai, Wednesday A courier who
left Pekin on July a explains the greaj; dan
ger of treachery on the part of the Chinese.
They were strengthening the barricades
around the legations and placing artillery
on the wall3 of the imperial city command
ing the legations. If they delivered an
other attack the Europeans could hardly
expect to hold out, since their ammunition
was almost exhausted.
"The Chinese in Pskin are kept Informed
of the weakness of the foreign forces now
gathering at the coust by the" Shanghai
officials. If the Pekin reports are correct,
Europeans there are by no means out oS
danger, for, should the defeated Chinese
forces, after an encounter with the relief
force, fall back on Pekin, it is very proba
ble that they would wreak vengeance on
the practically defenseless foreigners."
London, Aug. 2. A news agency dispatch
from Tien-Tsin. July 23, reports that Lieu
tenant General Llnowltch has succeeded
Alexieff in command of the Russian forces
there. The Russians. th dispatch addi, ar
constructing armored trains in the Tien
Tsin shops, and intend reconstructing tha
railway a3 fast as the column advances
toward Pekin.
Groa't Britain Wanted to Helo
Japau British' Cabinet Views.
London. Aug. 2. In Parliament to-day.
while giving the daily record of steps tho
Government had taken with a. view to res
cuing the Pekin legations. Mr. Broderlck
stntwl that on July 6 the Government prof
fered financial assistance to Japan with tha
special object of relieving the legations.
The Government, he said, would press for
ward by every means In "their power to tha
relief of the legations. In the Yang-tsa
."phere British ship1 and forces would assist
the Viceroys, but must limit their under
takings to the defense of Shanghai. Tha
Government had thought It wise to order a.
third brigade from India, in readiness foe
possible emergencies.
The Cabinet, ilr. Broderlck said, was com
pletely unanimous against partition oC
China, which would be fraught with infinite
danger, and the Government had no reason
to believe they were at variance with any
o'f the European Powers in that respect.
Further, the Government would do nothing
to tot up anything but a Chinese adminis
tration in China. The Government had not
in contemplation the Idea of organizing: tha
Chinese army under foreign officers. What
form the Indemnity should take must bo
left for future consideration. Ilr. Broderlck;
thought it was a time when the less said,
the better. Great changes might result from
the recent calamitous events, but he hoped
tho European Powers would discover soma
foundation upon which to build up a Chi
nese Government, which would Insure civil
izing rule to a population forming one-third
of the human race.
-is -
For 3Hnoiirl anil Illinois Generally
fair I'rldiiy unit Saturday; Jfresb
Montherly ivinils.
For Arknnins Generally fair Frl
day and Saturday; aonthcrly -rvlnda.
1. First Great Battle of the Advance.
Russians Fighting Hard.
China Warned War Is Near.
2. Taylor's Orders to His Forces.
Amendment Wins In North Carolina.
Substitutes In Camp.
3. Attempted to Kill the Shah of Persia.
i. Race Track Results.
Baseball Scores.
Sporting News.
5. She Made Two Attempts at Suicide.
Once a Millionaire, Now a Marine.
Claim a Slice or Philadelphia,
City News in Brief.
C. Editorial.
Missouri Republicans Iack Funds.
Clash With Troops Over Tundra Claim.
Jester Will Resume Pulpit In Oklahoma
Weddings and Personal Notes.
7."Bryan Will Not Speak In August.
Mrs. Buckley on the Stand.
8. Republic Want Ads.
9. New Corporations.
Transfers of Realty.
The Railroads.
Government Weather Report. .
10. Grain and Provisions.
11. Financial News.
River Telegrams.
12. William Cuddy's Disastrous Dream.
Tale of a Voodoo Amulet.
Suburban Cars Blockaded by a Housfc
Design for Confederate Monument.
Texas After tha Trusts.
Saengerbund to Meet.
', w
''iViJ'W'. ?

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