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THE REPUBLIC: SUXDAY, AUGUST 5, 1900.
TO-DAY'S NEWS IN BRIEF. BUSINESS. Discount rates were 5 to 7 per cent on call and time loans. Clearances. $3,922,700. balances. S367,50. New York exchange, luc discount bid, par asked: Louisville, 23c dis count bid, par asked; Chicago, 10c discount bid. par asked; Cincinnati, 2.x dibcount bid, par asked; New Orleans. 25c discount bid. par asked. The local wheat market closed lower at TlHc ii Aug. 710T,c b. Sept., 71?ic a. Dec. Corn closed steady at 37c n. Aug . 3'lc b. Sept.. 32c Dec Oats closed at 20'-c Aug . 20"-8c SepL The local market for standard mess pork closed auiet at $12 73. Prime steam ltrd clo""d steady at 6 73c. The local market for spot cotton closed quiet and lower. LOCAL AND SUBURBAN. Street Commissioner V arrelmann dis- barged 600 laborers for want of funds to pa them. Manager Atkinson has obtained a number or unique attractions for this year': im position. Bandmasters have decided to rel on the citv to pa the bill-, ind tin re will bo mtslc in the parks to-day Joseph AV. Steiss performed a gallant act at Forest Park in saving the 1U ol threo bns who hid fallen into the lake. I'eter Sclnumberg of No. AM Benton street fell asleep in the North St. Louis railroul yards and a train cut off his arm. Mrs G V. Andrews, who was married to G W. Andrews on April 4 and lived witn him ten days, ins filed suit for dtvorce The wreck of a freiRht car containing watermelons. In South St. Louis gave evervbody in the neighborhood a free feast. Doctor Hatrv V. Kreodler of this city Ins arrived In San rranclsco on bis waj jo China, where he will serve with the United States troops A strance fate wpm to follow the family of C. H. Bolgard of this city, live of whose near relatives, have met a tragic ind within the la"t four vears Two men were forced to leave "White's r staurant. on Olive street because they wore no coats. A third, who hung his eoat tip, was forced to put it on John Thomas Bradv ."hot and killed Jim Sproule, a negro porter n Manley's saloon. Tnentj -first and Chestnut streets, in a quirrel over an old grudge Chief Campbell has taken definite steps to stop dvnamlting. Unlor ofllcers were ca''ed lefore him and notified that thev would b held icsponslble for future ex plosions. GENERAL DOMESTIC. Tornado damaged crops and prorerty near Giand Porks. N. D. Whites in Georgia tjlan a constitutional convention to restrict the negro vote. Lovd J. Smith, former manager of the Chicago Elevator Companj. indicted for fraud. It appears that Yates has abandoned Tan ner for Culloni. The Governor's machine is trvlng- to force him back Into line. Doctor Dillon S More of Xorthwood la . rnded his life because he could not relieve his wife, who is slovvlv dving of cancer. A family feud led to a fierce battle be tween the Harris and Dooley families at a Dol Run. Mo. picnic. Two men were killd and five persons wounded. Right Reverend James A. McFaul, Bishop of Trenton. N. J. asset t that the Catholic Cluurch has been iliscnminated against in Cuba and the Philippines. Henry Gray was, caught In a balloon net tlrg at Pana. 111. yesterday and caniei 2 W fet in the air. He clung to the netting until the balloon came down. , The prosecution in the Powers cae gives out a confession which it obtained from Youfey. It is very sensational Youtse. -ajs that he had money to be pild for Goc liel's assassination. He Implicates Tavlor in the plot. The Democratic nominee for President lias completed the revision of hit, speech of acceptance and Is ready to start on the nip to Indianapolis next Mondav mnrnm- He Till be accompanied by his wife and ion. William. Jr. Adlal E. Stevenson, Democratic nominee for Vice President, was riven a hearty re ceptlon on his return to his home at Bloom uigton. III., yesterday. Mr. Stevenson made a lengthy speech to his fellow -townsmen, in reply to an add! ess of welcome. The organization of an anti-trust league by the commercial travelers and hotei keepers of the Unitsd States s proceeding with phenomenal rapidity, and already 60 X) members have been enrolled. It Is ex pected that the league will cast rUW.ojo votes for Bryan in the November election. FOREIGN. On August 1 a big- battle was imminent near Tien-Tsln The 20,OpO allies were fac ing 30.000 Boxers eight miles from the citv. China has rejected the ultimatum of the United States that the Powers be placed In communication with the ministers in Pekln. The ' Chinese hav cut the canal and Hooded the country between Tien-Tsin and Pekin In an effort to prevent the advance of the allies. Senator Morgan siys that if he was run ning the country he would call Congress in extra session and enlist 100000 volunteers for the work before us in China. It Is understood that onlv- the United Stiles. Japanese and British troops are participating In the advance on Pekin, the Russians and French having declined to support them. HAIEROADS. Tassenger travel from Texas is on the Increase this summer. The Peoria, Decatur and JIattoon was In corporated, with a capital or S4.DOO.000. The Illinois Central will increase the sala riep of trainmasters and dispatchers 10 per cenU The heavy corn crop of Nehraska will ledound to the interests of the Chicago, Burlington and Qulncy. W. H. Gleason has been appointed con tracting agent of the Cotton Belt, with headquarters at Houston. Tex. A tabulated list has been prepared of all the railroads in the United States and Can ada having over 000 miles of tracks. The Southwestern Passenger Bureau is endeavoring to effect some changes in the method of transmitting prepaid orders. SPORT1NG. Heavy hitting by SU Louis' star sluggers beat New York. William Lt Casstdy, a prominent local turfman, is seriously ill at his home, 3203 Olive streeu "Winners at the Fair Grounds: Fly Fire, Quick Range. Branch, Tom Collins George Arnold, Bohul and Lee King Marine Intelligence. Xcw Tork, Aug. 4 Arrived: New Yo-k from Southampton and Cherbourg. Hamburg. Aug. 4 Arrived: Pretoria from New York; Fuerst Bismarck from New York. JCew York, Aug. 4 Arrived: Campania, lav erpool. New York. Aug. 4 Sailed: L, Lucken bash for San rranclsco. Genoa, Aug. 4. Arrived: Ems from New York via Naples. Sailed: July .11, Iris. San Francisco. Auet. 2. Kaiser Wllhelm II. New York. MoJI, Aug. 1 Sailed: Arab for Seattle. Uv erpool. Aug:. 4 Sailed: Cj-rarick for New York; 4th, Ktruria for New Y'ork. Antwerp, Aug. 4 Sailed: Noordland for New York. New York, Ans. 4 Sailed: Maasdam for Rotterdam via Boulogne; State of Ne braska. Glasgow, Aug. 4. Sailed: Patricia for Hamburc via Pl mouth and Cherbourg; Umbria for Liverpool; Minneapolis for Lon don; 'WerTa for Naples, etc. Cherbourg. Aug. 3 Sailed: Auguste Vic toria from Hamburg and Southampton for New Y'ork; 4th, SU Paul from Southampton for New Y'ork. TOO LATE FOR CLASSIFICATION. BOTS AND GIRLS WANTED Fifty boj s and clrl-i to work on hop coat. by hand and sna chlne; good pay wjlle learning. IMS CaBs nve. CARRIAGE BLACKSMITH WANTED One &rlat-e blacksmith. 213 X. Ninth su F1NNET Ave. 1828 Nice front room for ladj or jtentleman, eroplojed: with or without bOa.rd itrlctly private larnllj- modern conveniences. ". HAS ENDEAVORED Japanese Minister Explains Position of His Nation on the Eastern Affair. lSEi'fnuc .pi:cial Washington, Aug. 4. Pursuing a policy identic il with tint of the United States. Japan is expected bv the administration to play a prominent part In the events pre liminary to tho settlement of the existing Chinese question. Mr T.akahira, the new Japanese Minister !'. Washington. In re sponse to questions relative to the attitude of Japan with respect to Chlni. siid to jour correspondent to-night "We hive no other aim with respect to China than to act with the other Powers in the interest of civilization You will re call that in lS14-lai Japan hid trouble with China lespecting Korea My Government had no d. sir, prior to the declaration of hostilities to become engaged in war with Chin "The PeKm Government lnd a tre mendous armv whose strength lnd never been te-led. and r stiong nivy. and though the Korean question was a constant sore in her side. Japan endeavored by everv honorable means to avoid a conflict Her efforts were uiiscuccessful. and with gre it reluctance and hesitation w were com pelled to obtain a decision of the question by foice "The eisr with which our foops defeated the Chinese was entirelv unexpected China found it necessarv to accept our terms and she then indicated tint she was dlspost d to open her doors to the hie is of the Wis., SIX HUNDRED CHRISTIANS MASSACRED AT HU-NAN. Venerable Bishop and His Three Assistants Butchered With Native Converts by Government Troops Sent to Pro- tect Them Slaughter Took Place in Church. Tli.- Republic Kiirfiu Htli 5-t ml IV-ins' liania Vve Washington, Aug. 4. Particulars of the horrible mas re of some of the members of the l'inne! "can Older b Boxers anil Chinese soldiers have been received at the Prtnciscan monasterv neir this citv. Thoe put to de'ath vveie a veneinble Bishop and his tluee assistants, toguhei with about U) native Christians '1 he out rage occurred at the City of llu-,in Jul I Th chief pi elate Killed was Anthonv Pantosati. Bishop of Antien and lt-ar Apostolic of Hu-Xan Tile letter which brought the horrltving neve -i was fioni a high oflicial of the Fran ciscan order In Borne It was stated th.it, for some time previous to the murders Bishop Pantosati hid been fearing in u taek upon his Cathedral by the Boxers. He therefore appealed to the Chinese Govern ment for pioteVtlon and thev sCnt w-j sol diers, ostensibly for the purpo-o of pro tecting him and those under his charge-. The Bishop and his afc-.istants were so p'cssed-'nt this action of the Government that they arranged to have a great cele bration on the dav xeferred to and due notice of the programme was given Ac corelinglv the Cathedral was crowded, about one-half of the audience being women. Urvouri'il IIiO''- Liver nnel Hcurt. At a given signal, the troops, who had be ceiine fraternized with the Boxers, surrounel ed the sacred e-ditlce and clost d all the means of exiU Next th Bishop, and. aftei torturing him in a hor rible manner, elecapitatcd him 'lh-v .ilso cut out his liver and heart, the letter states, and actuallv dcvouied them His head was placed on a pole as a troph In fiont of the Viceiov's palace One of the Bishop's assistants who was killed was a joung man who graduated from a theological seminary last summer, and was only recently ordained to the min Istrv. The Bishop and his assistants having been disposed of. the attention of the villains was directed to the assembled company, which was composed milnlv of native Christians. uie letter savs that the women were out- I i.ihcu .urn uie uuiiumg see on nre, and that not a single person escaped with his or her life, those not burned to death being killed by their assailants with the sword as th-y attempted to flee from the burning building The writer of the letter savs that he i3 afraid that what Is above recited is onl. the beginning of the troubles and persecutions which await the missionaries and native Christians. The letter goes on to state that before tho death of Bishop Fantacti there weru nine Franciscan Bishops in China These had under them 124 friars, and the total number of converts was 10D.3S0 out of a pop ulation of S.t.WO.CiO while the Bishop of Hu-Hn reported .",GT0 converts, out of a population of 10 000000. In the nine Pranciscan -vicariates or di oceses In China there were, when the let ter was written a couple of weeks ago, sev eral hundred churches and missionary sta- CHINESE CONSUL MENACED. Yang Wai Pin at Honolulu Forms Guard to Protect Him. Honolulu, July 27, v ia San rranclsco, Aug. 4 The news form China has greatly stirred the Chinese here. Yesterday Yang Wai Pin, the Chlrese Consul, made an appeal to the Government for personal protection, sning that he had received anonymous let ters threatening his life. He accuses the Bow Wong Wul. or Chinese Reform Soclclj, of having made the threat8. The Bow Wongs are the element opposed to the Em press Dowager and desirous of having a liberal pro-foreign policy In the Empire. They formed their societies here under the leadership of Leung Chi Tso. the exiled re former, and the Consul here sent to China the names of those who became members. As i result the relatives of the Honolulu Bow Wongs were cast Into prison in China, and feeling against the Consul runs high. One of the letters that frightened Yang Wai Pin referred to his action in sending the names of Bow Wongs to the Imperial Gov ernment and told him that he would be killed for doing to Ihe Consul and Vice Consul, Goo Tim, have made purchases of weapons, organized a guard at the Chinese Legation and se cured tho protection of the Honolulu police. Two officers are kept constantly at the le gation. Yang Wai Pin made no official celebration of the birthday of the Emperor of China this j ear, but tho Bow Wongs got up a celebra tion of their own. The Consul gave as a reason for not holding the usual celebra tion that he had been Instructed not to have any by Minister Wu at Washington. It has been his custom to hold a large re ception at the consulate. German residents of Honolulu, through Consul J. F. Hackfeldt. have offered 2cK) men for the Chinese war, the movement having been started as soon as news came of the murder of the German Minister at Pekin. Other nationalities are taking the same steps. Honolulu has over a thousand men who want to go to China and fight. The offer of thcl- services goes by the steamer Pekin to-daj. the especially those which pi omised the reform J of her military and educational Institutions During the last three or four years she his been sending to Japan military and naval omceis, ror tlio puropse of observation, and students to acquire milltaiy and civil e.du eition in Japan I think tint more than 201 Chinese students were In Japan bc'ore th" present trouble began "Mv Government has sttawn Its willing ness to aid China In every possible wav In the Interest of iur own prosperltv it Is ex pedient tint we should be surrounded with mighbors equally advanced in civilisation .is ourselvi s The education of China would mean that she would throw open her tcrrltorv to the commerce or all n itIon and ii. this wnv the whole world, lmluding Japan, would be benefited "Chin i is a countrj which, to our regret. i 1 icking in organization She has a 1 irge population, her people- are intelligent and possess inanv esc"lli nt dualities, but her lack of organization prevents her from pur suing a iied poliej, both internallv and e-ter.nllv- It seems that the present trouble Is due to this absence of organiz ition to the changes following th rise of successive parties to power. "After the degradation of Li Hung Chang, n few vearsngo. it was said new Ministers came into power, and until the existing trouble began the more progressive among them foimed the TMing LI Yamen, and. In accord nice with their advice, the foreign pollcv was conducted as It had been prior to their advent The progressive pirty tions There were aI-o nine souiinniies with H5 stminari tns, likewise "U schools and tvvent -seven oiphan asv lums During tho last jear 4T,,Jt pagan children were bap tized. There were. In the same period, 9 0S1 converts and ." 122 catechumens or persons, under Instruction Twelve thousand one hundred and seventv-llve children were put In oiphan asylums or In native schools, or in the hands of Christian families. Torture- of CnteehlHt Ann. In another letter, which has been received at the monaster, the writer of which Is Chen Long, an e mintnt Chinaman, partic ulars are given of the murder by Boxers of C.ttechist Nan. an assistant to the prie'ts, ,ml which Is a sample of the way in which ."."i0 others were put to death Aftei being stripped of his lothing and bound, he was asked- "Are uu a Christian-" "I am." was the reph Then one eir was cut off. A second time the inquliv was made in ihe same words as before, and aguln he de clared he was a Christian, and his other ear was severed " l The third time lie was jsked: "Are vou still a Christian''' and. his reply being in the aiiirm itive, the unfortunate man's head vva severed from tho bod v. In a private letter to a meinbet of the Pranciscan order here Father Zono Moult ner. who Is a misslonarj In China, writes: "Whence comes all this inveteiate perse cution of the Christians In China?" And then he goes on to answer his own ques tion. "It comes from tin hatred of the great nidjoritv of the Chinese to everv thing that Is foreign, which, he savs, has been known for vears" Proceedlua, the writer sa..s: Snperstltions of the Kuiintle'H. "The secret societ of ths 'Great Knife,' which has recentlj come to be known as the Boxers, claims th u a sphlt whom tht adore descends and operates upon them m such a way that thej are not responsible for their actions Possessed by tills spirit, thev sax thev are Invincible and Invulner able. Disdaining the use of weapons In which powder is used, they tight only with the sword and spent. Thev claim to have banded together for protection against rob bers, but soon thev threw off the mask and honed that their true purpose was the ex- ti.einr. t .-,,. ri.viEii .isotnc ir, fv.it- piroxvsms of fanaticism their faces take on an ashtn hue. their ev es start from their sockets and theii voices become hoarse and harsh. "The Boxers of three heathen villages, in order to spiead their propaganda, invited the residents of a neighboring village to meet with them on a day appointed and witness the descent of their 'spirit' When the time for the meeting arrived, the com mons in the neighborhood of the meeting place swarmed with people In spite, how ever, of the most desperate exertions on the part of the Box-crs. the spirit did not ma terialize, and the meeting ended in a gen eral riot. "Soon after this the Boxers descendeel on 203 Chrlstl in settlements and urged the In habitants to denj their faith, and. when they refused, burned all their property, not a single house being allowed to escape tho torch." RUSSIANS NOT DISLIKED. Chinese Hate Other Nations, Snys a Siamese Diplomat. SPECIAL BY CABLE. Paris August 4 -(Copyright. 1500. by W. R. Hearst.) Prince Phyn Suriva Nav.atr. the Minister Plenipotentiary of Slam In France, in the course of conversation to day remarked "In spite of our proximitj to China, Slam is more interested In European affairs than In thoc of the Celestial Empire. Natur ally, we watch the attitude of the United States, because we have a treaty of friend ship with jou. You have ulwajs treated us well. "It is the secret societies that caus all the trouble in China, for they are of a political, rev olutlonary character, and not philanthropic as are most secret societies in the United States. Should war come, the Boxers will take no prisoners. This is doubtless what the Emperor of Germapy had in mlnel when he made his famous speech to the soldiers the other day. "The Chinese are not a fighting people. We have about a million of them in HIam. Whenever there Is a riot among them, a few soldiers suffice to disperse thousands of them "Russia's interests in China are enormous She eems to be taking the lead in tho present trouble. Her financial loss will be severe, owing to the destruction of the railway and tho injury to the enterprises of the Russo-Chinese Bank. She has about 100,000 soldiers In China and in the neigh borhood. The Chinese do not dislike the Russians, but they decidedly hate other Europeans. Under ordinary circumstances the chief contention with regard to China would be between England and Rus'la, but the BritlBh do not seem to be able now to spare many soldiers. The Chinese seem to have taken the Powers by surprise, and the latter have hardly recovered from It jcl." MR. SPRAGUE SAYS Notice the linen at the Delicatessen Lunch Rooms. It's snow-white and good quality. J TO CIVILIZE CHINA. I Future Attitude by China's Action in the Immediate Crisis. wa. however, defeated and replaced, by another on June 10, if I remember cor rectlv "On th.it verj d.iv telegraphic communi cation between Tien-Tsin and I-ckin was interrupted, and on the following day the telegraph line connecting Pcltin with the overland Russian telegranh was broken The advance of the second detachment of allied troops sent to guard the forelcn le gations in Pekin was opposed by Chinese troops and the column was forced to re turn to Tien-Tsln It Is apparent, there fore, that the ctnnge of policy on the pnrt of the Goernment had m ch to do with the attitude of the people toward foreign ers "But all these are onlv inferences drawn from the meage- telegraphic reports I have seen, ard It mav be that when full particu lars ,ne obtained tho eircumstanc. will cause them to change It c innot. therefore, be sti.i win, certalntv that It will ! Im possible for the rulers ot China to rume the relations thev enjojed with the Powcr3 1 efore the present troub'e began. "It Is to be hoped th it the statesmen of China and the representative!.' of the Im periil Government abio d will acquaint the throne with the luadvisabilitv of opposing the milium expedition sent to relieve the legations In Pekln. The adoption of such a course by the Chinese in power will lesson the horror of the outrages already com mitted by lawless people. "Should the advance of the expedition be unopposed, I ,m hopeful that the Powers tint are friendlv to China will show their AMBROSE BIERCE WRITES OF CURRENT EVENTS. Describes an Anarchist as "An Idiot With an Opportunity" Secretary Hay's Friend, ths Empress Dowager What Conger Probably Thinks. BY AMBROSE BIERCE. RKPI'BIJC M'UCIAL. Washington. D -. Aug 4 -(Copvilghl, 1900. h W. R. Hearst )-King Humbert's assas-inatlon does not mark the beginning of the end of "monarchlal Institutions " It is not a prophec of doom to the reign of law and power and authoritv. The killing ef Kings Is no new lndustrj ; it is as ancient as the race. Alwavs and everv where per sons in high places have been the assassin's piev We have ourselves lost two Presi dents bv murder. If an-, thing is new in this present activitv of the. regicide (we lout a comprehensive name for him) it is found In the choice of victims The contcmporaiy 'avenger" sjajs not the merelv gieit. but the good and the inoffenMve. An Ameiican President who struck the chains from mll llo.is of slives; another who had not enough character to do Intelligent wrong If he had desired: a Russian Czai who, against the will and work of his own powerful nobles, had freed their serfs; a Trench President from whom the French people had received nothing but good; a powerless Austrian Em press, whoe weight of sorrows touched the world to tears; a blameless Italian King, beloved of his people; such is the recent recorel of the regicide a record whose evciy si.mj ,s ,i. i.iit- ,ii uiiaiuy uiiieuecu eiv one circumstance ot justice, decencj or good In tention This unbroken unfi -ntv of nialtvedf nce in the choice eif victims Is nut without sly n 'nance. It point- uiani I ik.iblv to two facts. First, that the sdeuions .; rndc, ' ot bv the ass.isctij Snimsdv--, out bj come central control in icces-ible to indl vldual preference and unilticted by the fortunes of lt- Instruments, second, that 'ncrc is a consistent i irp -e to manifest mi an!asor.im, not to individual rulers; n-t to anj -jstem of geHCiiiiuin but to Gov ernment. It Is a war. n. t ill en t' ne in au thoritv, but upon AuuiorMj. The lssLe is defined, the allgmtnt nu i, the I i 12 ;et: Chaos against order, Jti'.liv ic unt law. Choose je this dav w "r.i " will se:ve. In one of the dispatches concerning King Humbert's assassination the suggestion is made th it It was due o the li-nllj with which It j custotnarj to tieat ihe crltripals who attempt such crimes ind fill; an In stance beiiig the iccent release of th" oung lase-al i. no tried to shoot the Prii'ie ot Wales Repcatceilj, persons ati icl.ing ijuccn Victoria have, through hei intervention, been given light punishment, and King Humbert himself commuted the death sen tence of a prev!ou as"iilant ind pensioned his mother. Such mercj sems to b due to the Illustrious victim's dnsir to seem mag nanimous thercoj ei-ipliasi7n ; Ihe lafa.i.y of the crimes and propitiating ambitious criminals. As well trv lo piopitiate l.attlcsn ike. In dealing with legieid.s, wi c. uno. a- even great-hearted Aoltjlre advNeJ. revert to the discredited method if plijsioil ti.ttuu 1 ut to show them inen-j is a slr. Aniuhlsm will be got under, as. In its Immemorial war upon soclclj, erlme In ev tv age and coun try Is got under evintualb The crim'nal Is merely a fool, innsiJeiod under another aspect an Idiot with an oppoituiiily To such, ns to the dui.ces who plav a; laio. It seems alwajs that thej can " eat tho game." and som.l-ncs It happens tiit one of them makes a winning: but the game Is never beaten Society, which keeps the 1 1 blc, is nlwnvs victorious In 'he enc It seems llkeiy, though, lint w- shall have to alter the rules of the game lo obtain a new nelvanUige I suggest that thej be alUr'-d in this wav: Free speech Is a good thint, or i bad, ac cording to what Is spoksa V do not, even In this lawless -orntrj, allow it to those engaged In Instigating murder or in citing a riot; why nllow it to tms promot ing nnarchv, which entails both? He who denies the authoritv ot lav 'ias no cl ilm to Its protection, him who wou'd n'-crlhieivv the state, the state may rightly overthrow. That Is self-protection, "the first law ot nature." In all other cases the state can afford to await the act; In this It shou'd punlsh-the word: not win: the man does, but what he Is disclosed by what he saj.s. And the punishment should fit the crln-e. The offender should be "set fre t-ora ila'ly contact with the things he loathes" ban ished, made a wanderer "on alien shores and unfamiliar seas, ' a "man without a country." For mercv wc can Imogj the use of the branding h on. In considering the Englishman as a hus band, my distinguished collal or.ttor, Mrs. O'Rell, makes the amazing statement that "his honejmoon lasts a month." About Kv long would he expect a honey month to Ijst? If a man docs not know that In the word "honeymoon" "moon" means month, I won der what he can think It means what kind ot conception the phrase "pass the honey moon" has the honor to give him. About a dozen times a week I observe this wm-d used to denote all sorts of periods of time, our books and newspapers are full of the ridiculous solecism. But Max O'Rell is French; one expects better things of him Egad! I begin to suspect that the fellow knows our language no belter than we. General Dorward, who commanded the British and American contingents at the battle of Tien-Tsln, blames himself for a mistake that he made In placing our Ninth Will Be Decided svnipath. and assist her in returning to the peace and quiet she enjoyed before the present trouble began. "Japan's policy his alvvajs been to lead China into a path of civilisation and to open the Empire, to the cominuee of the world at large "Japan will be willing to use her influence In the event ml settlement eif the existing question In the interest of China. She has ever been opposed to the partition of China and will be the first to resent such a sUK gt stion "In other vvoids, she favors the mainte nance of the integrity or China and the preservation of the o-eaiIrd open door, her policy In these respects being similar to that of the United States, Great Britain and other Powers All this depends, how ever, upon what Chir.i will do at this very moment, or within the next few- days. "There has been a disposition in some quarters to misrepresent Japan's military preparations nut the Emperor has not failed to pay as much attention to Japan's moral and eelucatlonal advancement as to the development of her military and naval resouicct. 'The success of Japan in so quicklv achieving Western civilisation mun be credited to the hard work of several gen erations, and, as Japan remembers very well .hat in her struggle for all these achievements she has alwavs enjoyed the Kvmpithv and assistance of the United States. Ore it Britain and other European countries, she will he glid to make herself useful In the work or civilization and pei.ee Regiment. That Is unpiofesslonal most un militaiv' Let him be lecalled forthwith; we cannot afford to have our soldiers In China led bj Generals who err and confess it. Still one would somehow rather have them led In Geneial Dorwnrd than bv Gen era! Dackward General Doiwards eiroi is the. second in sttnee I ever have heaid about of a miii tarj commander going wrong; it is alwavs another commander who eloes that. At the battle of Chickamiuga, in our Civil War, one of General John M. Palmers brigades was ealnmltouslj. done up because he sent it where there was no good place for It. In his olhclal report he exhausted the pos sibilities of candor bv saving: "I now p. r eelve this to have been a mistake." Com pare el with the unearthly distinction of be ing tho only othctr of thit great war who made a mistake, the blushing honors of a defeated candidate for the presidency are a wan and sickly glorj. General DorwardS attempt to wedge himself In and share the admiration Is one which the veteran should studv to resist with his energetic list." T.T "ere are humorists In Europe, and wnen .,? I,umbert was assassinated thej all Piled about the other end of the cable to -e e the s.iel news. Among them thy suc- w.? V" lrak!n" U "- cheerful. We learn, for example, that when the assassin . Signor caeuu.o Urecl. dl Paterson, N. arrested, 'ho hiQ-o.i ,.,.,... .. . j .. clinched teeth" that he had w ..,., -.V, Ameiica and hud p ,ssed a dav at Bolon i Cons-do, nK ,,. atUre of this frishtful malediction, it H rather surprising that when elclivering it he did not rattle as well as hiss But that Is made clear by a humor ist In Iateison, who knows him well, and snvs He has "a quiet manner" some vhjt Sln'm mJVV'o" 'l of U,e Ke"t'cman of whom .Mr. Bret Haite explains that Ile 'brown "'n ""rCa,;lc n,an- '" tiulet Mr. And en -fier.il occasions lie Ind eleine-d out the town Signor Brescl a close friend. It seems, had In Paterson another anarchist nm sin. weavei, named Carbon! Speruidi. who had himself been "selected by lot" to kill King Humbct But Signor Sperandi was poor and could not afford the expense of a voy age to Italy; "so he killed his foreman .n stcad" v. hereby Justice was partlv satis fied and the "Sacred Cause" advanced at hast a little He then committed suiide which proves that one who feels that he! cannot afford the advantages of forei-n tiavel may nevertheless be willing to meet the cost of a elomestic funeral. All together the somber canvas of the Humbert incident is not unlllumined with hcie and there a touch of light. Posed by a genuine humor ist against a black background of tragedy j rai -.--.mu-uut- anarcrist is as runny as a. vi icic snip. To what extent the Chinese Government is lmpllcnteel in the so-called "Boxer" out rages is a matter on which opinions differ. Perhaps we mav be assisted to a determina tion of it bv nn Interview with a member of the Chinese Legation in Lonelon, pub lished in Wednesday's ,ikp itches Speaking of Sir Robert Hart, the celestial diplomat says, with hardy or unconscious candor: "I tried hard to get a cipher telegram from him. At last Sheng told me the lega tions were surrounded .end it was Impossi ble to get in or out without permission of me inrone. l immediately applied to the Throne and hope to get permission In a few day s" So It appears that the'army surrounding and killing the Icgationers recognizes the authority of "the Throne." A pass from tho Emperor or Empress Dowager assures ngress to and egress from the place of death But. in Secretary Hay's opinion, "tho Throne" is our good friend, anxious but unable to protect our countrymen. And ac cording lo President McKlnlev but Presi dent McKinley has gone to Canton. O . and etui not take his convictions him. along with The Chinese o'Ir. whose forces fe.ght back Admiral Seymuu- ana attacked and surrounded the legili nn In rcl.ln Is the ferocious Genual Ti.ng -uh Si.aug.'of him the same mmber of the Chinese legation In London Is plivil ;o sav: "General Tung Kuh Slang 's kuoivn to he anti-foreign in nis sentimns. but we can not dispense with his s vlcs" Minister Conger would lie w.IIIng tc dis pense with the genti'mau's scrv'ees. prob ably, and we are sending a tiumbsr cf per sons up thcie to assist hirn in doing s0. It is to be hoped tn"v will not be ruJe to our friend, the Empen.r. nor do anything to annoy our frienl. the Empk2ss Dowiger. That would be disagreeable to Secretary Hay and might provoke a great convulsion of nature in Canton, O. HUMBERT'S FUNERAL. Services Over the Dead King Xext Thursday at Rome. Rome, Aug. 4. The date of King Hum bert's funeral has been definitely fixed for Thursday next, August 9. NOT WELL GUARDED. Charged That Carelessness Permit ted the Murder. Milan, Aug. 4. Signor Asteny o, backed by public opinion, intends to Interpellate tho Government, claiming that Insufficient care was taken to protect the late King Humbert. Petoskey, c (0 s Wequetonsing, Harbor Springs, Bay View, Mackinaw Island. V-P Vandalia-Pennsylvania. 100 N. Fourth C. CURTICE, City Passenger Agent. BRAVELY FACE TERRIBLE TASK, Relief Columns' Road to Pekin Beset by Almost Insurmountable Obstacles Horde of Armed and Hostile Chinese. With the railways destroyed, the roads utterlv Inadequate, bridges removed, many swamps, the river blocked, fords necessary at many places and a dense hostile popu lation to confront them, the advance of the allies from Tiii-Tsin to Pekin promises to be an immensely difficult undertaking, even without counting largely on the resistance offereil by Chinese troops and Boxers. The details as to the plan of campaign have not been allowed to become public, and even the exact route taken by the In vading armv. its size and its composition are still matters largely of speculation, ex cept for the secret information of the Gov ernments represented In the movement. Not only have the Invaders to march through a practically roadless country, nor mally flooded by the rains of this month, and with the usual Inundations increased bv the breaking of the dikes on the Pel Ho River for that purpose, but they must, abovQ all, maintain their line of communication with Tien-Tsin, through which their sup plies are derived, against an enemy with a supply- of soldiers vast In numbers, what ever may be thought of their efficiency as lighting machines. Added to all these difficulties is the hardly less serious one found in the miscellaneous character of the force. In which there must be friction, making it far less -valuable than would be the homogeneous army of one na tiem acting under a single strong command. .Men who know China well say that al though the language of the country has no word for patriotism, racial fidelity is won derfully strong among Its people and that it will be far more difficult to obtain In formation of the country and the enemy's movements than It would be were the in vaders ilrallng with Caucasians. One of the minor difficulties of the army's diversity of race ami command Is the ne cesitv which it involves for Individual food and ammunition "upplles. This, In the ca--e of the British Indian e'ontingent. will be ag gravated by the presence of men who re quire different kinds of food, according to caste belief of each division. Admiral Dewey, discussing the operations in China recently, said: "The roads in China are very" much like those In Luzon. Before the railroads con necting Tien-Tsln and Pekln was built transportation was primitive. Visitors to Pekin v.cre conveyed in carts over narrow roads to their destination." Of the Chinese as fighters, ne said: 'I did not think much of them when I was in the East, but it may he that thsy consider thev are lighting for their honr's and will vigorously oppose the allied forces." Colonel Shlgncta. the military attache of the Japanese Legation In Vienna, who is thoroughlv familiar with the country, speaks ef the region to be traversed between Tien-Tsln and I'ekin as Including a dense STIRRING INCIDENTS OF THE SIEGE OF TIEN-TSIN. British Middy's Daring Work Upset Chinese Plans Military School Stoutly Defended by Students. San Francisco, Aug. 4 According to Ja panese papers, refugees arriving at Kobe, Japan, from Tien-Tsln give interesting dc t ills of incidents occurring there between June 15. w hen the Boxers first appeared, and June 23. when the allies entered the city. The most determined fighting of the siege was .it the military school, which was cap tured by Major Luka, with two or three hundred marines A stout defense was- made, but inside of hair an hour the allied troops had climbed the walls and forced the gate, the military students retiring to a large room upstairs, from which they maintained a galling flre. Refusing to surrender, some sixty or seven ty barricaded themselves in and made a last stanel there; anel when an English blue jacket battered In the door with an ax they shot him dead and served another in like fashion before the attacking force got in nnd bayonetted the whole lot. The place was set on tire before the allied force with drew and burned for an hour or two, amid constant explosions of cartridges. Among the casualties In the settlements were two eleaths In the household of Tong. Director of Railways This well-known Chinese official's wife and daughter sought safety In the residence of Chang Fee Mov. the Director of Mince and Railways. This house was hit five times by shells from the fort, and one shell exploded near Mrs. Tong. carrying away both the unfortunte lady's lego. Her daughter also was killed the same day. A Volnnicer'-i III el o. On June 20 the authorities decided to senel a messenger to Taku for help. For thl3 pcrlllous undertaking Mr. Watts (of the Tien-Tsln Volunteers), volunteered. He set out. accompanied by three Ocssacks. After a hard, exciting ride, during which they were frequently pursued, the party arrived safely at Taku, having taken twelve hours to cover the distance twenty-eight or thirty miles by road. On this date it was found that the ammunition was getting scarce, and orders were given to reply charily to the evening's fire, June 21. Six junks were sighted floating down the river, evidently with the Intention of form ing a bridge for Chinese soldiers to cros3. Fire was opened on them as they ap prtAched and the occupants driven below, and as they came nearer a young British middy got on board two, possibly three, of the craft and set flre to them. That at tempt of the enemy failed, therefore. Heavy firing went on all day long from, the fort, and musketry flre from across the river. The French concess!on, which was exposed on three side?, suffered terribly, and the Secretary of the rrench Municipal Council was killed. He was speaking to a French officer when a shell fell and explod ed, killing two or three persons. Tito ArrentM Maelc. A good deal of stir was- caused the next day by the arrest of two Influential Chinese, Chang Yi Mow and Tong, suspected of cotn- iamicatlng with the Chinese troops outside AND RETURN, ONE FARE, Plus S&iZ.OO. Good Going August 8th and 15th. Return Until September 30th, 1900. ALL RAIL THROUGH CM LINE. Train Leaves 1 P. 1$ Union Station. Street. J. M. CHESBROUGtf, Assistant General Passenger Agent. growth of Indian corn, in a country with n fit roads, and with many rivers to ford, thi bridges having probably been removed by the Boxers. For Its water supply, in the complete ab sence of wells, the allies will be wholly de pendent upon the Pel-Ho River. Its water is turgid and yellow, but is almost Instanta neously cleared by- the immersion of a plecs of alum, which at onco precipitates the mat ter In suspension. Above Tien-Tsin the Pei-Ho Is navigable for only very- light-draught -vessels, and its windings are so many and so sharp that hawsers arc required to enable craft of any length to round many of Its more acute bends. It 13 believed that, notwithstanding th obstructions placed In the river by the Chi nese, the invaders will make some use of it for transportation, a considerable number of specially-constructed junks and other boats being available at Taku and Tien Tsln. Areas of ground suitable for campirg a large force will be found very rare, even the comparatively small Anglo-French force of some 4,000 men, in 1S60, having found It necessary to advance in detachments to overcome this difficulty. W'atsr transport was largely used by that force and a flotilla of Junks wa3 sent up to Ho Si Wu. fortv miles above Tien-Tsin. where a depot of supplies was establlsheill While there Is encouragement for th. .. cess of the present enterprise In the ab- " Ul -urmiaaoie resistance, the allies' in 1560 required nearlv a -nnnfl- rn -,.!- journey, having started from Tien-Tsln on September 8 and reaching the capital on October C. It must be remembered, more over, that the military resources ot China te-day are far greater than they were then: that the people as a whole are now more seriously inflamed; that the difficulties of the expedition are increased In several re spects by Its greater size, and that the re sult of a reverse would be so terrific that whenever possible risks must be avoided. This season, too. 13 almost tne worst that could have been chosen, the rainfall at this time of the year not infrequently- amount ing to ten or more inches a day. The period of rain is generally over before the end of August, however, and with September comes a change to very cold nights. In creasing as the year ages, u-jtll In. winter It Is no uncommon occurrence for deiths to result from frost In the streets of Tuatr Chow. Fevers are said to prevail in the district to be covered, as well as opthalmia and cutaneous disorders, but the European forces In 1SG0 had good health during their calmpalgn. After Tung-Chow has been reached, the difficulties of the remaining twelve miles or so will be greatly diminished by a granite paved road to Pekln. which, although filled with ruts and In bad condition. Is Incom parably superior to the other tracks, and. is never flooded. by means of carrier pigeons. It was after wards found that Chang and Tong were ar rested without cause. Tho behavior of soma of the civilians who wero under arms and who conducted the bluejackets when they went to arrest Chang was disgraceful, ona person firing off his rifle in the mandarin'! house and telling him in the most manda tory manner that he was being taken away for execution. A lot of valuables Inslda were looted. Chang was the most pro-foreign of till the Chinese about Tien-Tsin. and Is known to have written to Pekln before communication was cut off urging the Au thorities there, whatever else they did to be sure to give the Ministers of the Powers a safe passage out. Although scarcelv any civilians suffered during the bombardment of the city by th Chinese, scarcely a night passed without one or two of the defending force being killed. One young Russian officer was shot dead by a Chinese, of whom ho had de manded a passport. The Chinaman showed his passport with one hand and with th other drew a revolver and shot the officer anel two men dead, falling himself by a well-directed shot Immediately afterwards. After that no Chinese without Europeans were allow eel on the streets, under penalty of being shot at sight. BRITAIN'S NEW WAR LOAN. Eager Bidding by Americans Ow ing to High Interest. New- Tork. Aug. 4. So great was the de mand for the new British war loan that before 11 o clock this morning one of the United States agents announced that sub Fcrlptions already received would no doubt call for halt of the entire 10.000.000 i-su. Another of the banking houses named in vesterday's Bank of England circular an nounced itself ready to take all the bends If there was any likelihood of such a prep osition being entertained abroad. To-dhv's subscriptions came from insurance com panies, corporations, and private hob'cra anxious to exchange United States Govern ment bonds for the new Issue on accoimt of the higher interest rate on the English loan. Weak Nerves Are made strong when fed by the rich, purs blood given bv Hooel's Sarsaparilla. Sweet, refreshing sleep returns, mental and physi cal vigor Is- restored, and the terrors of nervous prostration are avoided. Many a weak, nervous woman and overworked man has found help In thfs great medicine. All nervous people should try it. Hood's Sarsaparilla Is America's Greatest Medicine. Price . Hood's Pills cere liver ills; nonlrrltatltig; only cathartic to Ma IU Uos4' SarsasariUi. A A Y