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i " I A A y$ trange City Within a City. i'22 ct A Foreign Quarter in St. Louis -. That Bs Rich in Atmosphere. ,V"-311&1V3Z'9BlSSJI2&'M ranwtBsv 1,""J-J-"-'--H-W 7Z. -1 . - -J.immw. -r-rrm- uMt "- II iiu-f I- .. , ... fB5g5SasaaestggS , ', In mmmm jmJSSSSSSSSSSL 1 ' " ir" r " ' ' J-"1 '-' " '1 'trWfWl -" c:i .- ll'IVIHl 0 '"" , " ' ' "tLJ 'fX OK TtL WZT SIDE jfef) U' ' "V ' ""' , ,,1 lVWlN,llV Til.. !. J ... ... . juiA.c lu urone 01 a. sawmill, nr trip hii--,!.. i i i. , . .. ... i , .... -. ....& ui uCr, is me aounu or me sowing machine in Little Jerusalem. All day and far Into the night the swift-flying feet of her .sons pedal In toll , e.1D0Jlnia f sa-nrdust & tllc e ends and cuttings; like honey In Uio -,w ., fcw imw ui. iicr auiis lauors. 1 A .SOTsT rV OA-RT3.T X.fV-.arrTTTTTZ .TVRITTEN TOR THCSUNDAT.KEPDnUa Uttle Jtrusalem. that Indefinite city within a city, whose boundaries no man can -with exactitude define, is generally conceded to embrace tho locality lying west or Sbtth street, south of Cass avenue, ast of Eleventh street and north of Lu cas avenue. But here and there, like the riprap of a. Jetty, Little Jerusalem shoots cut an arm into the great sea of St. Louis life around her. and St. Ixmis, in her turn, keeps -washing in upon her coves and bays. So, -while the shore line is ever changing, the approiimate confines of Little Jerusa lem survie pretty much tho same from one year's end to another. Among the hundreds and thousands of Jewish residents of the little city within the big: city, none am deserving of greater Interest than the group of patriarchs "w ho daily assemble at the little store Just south of the Sluelds School on North Seventh Btreet. Seated on benches and chairs, or along the stone coping of tho schoolyaid fence, they settle grave questions of Jew ish law. while the younger clement, stand ing respectfully around, drink In their words of wisdom. Artists" models arc those patriarchs for the prophets of old. Beneath xhe black skull cap of the eld est is contained the knowledge of years. Those cherished temple locks, the flowing beard, now white with age, the solemn, sonorous valce In which he speaks pro claim the man the Elder. His life is now one peacefrl period of Sabbatlsm. Barter and trade .-ire things of the past to him. Soon his life's sands will hae run, and he will be fathered to his fathers, ripe in wisdom and full of years. View with more speculative eye that group of curly-headed youngsters playing In the pink wagon near by. "Watch the Imaginary business transactions going on. That boy with the ethereal whip, lambast ing: a horso which is not there, will somo day live to drive a real horse or bargains. See with what pride his old grandmoth er sh of the red-brown toupee, sitting with hands folded across her lap there In j w .ww .v.v. .... mc wifclJiehL J 5lay of her daughter's children. For it is I In earnest the children of Little Jerusalem ' J)lay, dreactlully in earnest. ,.nie old grandmother may never live to see the day when "Ikey and Ieie" r(w to prominence, and then, again, she may. For of the daughters of Judah many are tenaci ous of life, and their children's children rise rapidly. JIany and diversified arc the lives of busi ness and the paths- of toil pursued In Little Jerusalem. Bakeries, butcher shops and grocery stores supply the residents with the necessities of life. Steamship agencies at tend to their ocean tr.iv 1. In their markets the flesh of goose vies w ith the flesh of goat. Sausages are made and sold in stores ivhow signs are in Hebrew. There are teachers of music, physicians and mtn or letters in their ranks- There are merchants', shop keepers, pedants and peddlers. There are candj--makurs and apothecaries. There are tlntihops and Vienna kitchens, but oer and above all sounds the constant whirr and num anil drone of the garment-maker's sewing machine Every doorway and every window of many a house boasts" its machine. Cutting, fitting, sponging, pressing, bent men in un dershirts go about their tasks. And, as if there were not enough houses to go around, whole buildings, such as schoolhouses and orpnan asylums, have been given over to the machine. The contractor, he who works a gang, or gangs, of operators, goes to the manufact urer and bids for work. When a baIs of settlement, a price for the work to be done, has been agreed upon, the contractor takes the manufacturer's cloth, buttons, linings, trimmings and all. and carries it up into Little Jerusalem, where it Is apportioned out and effectually lost to all hut him who gives it out and those who receive It. From every quarter of Europe these peo ple have come: from Bust-ln. nniicin am. tria, Italy, Hungary, Roumanla, Germany and England-yes, even England. Weighted down with hardships encountered in their European struggle for existence, they have in past years flocked to the United States in the hope of materially bettering their condition. Of those who have settled in Little Jerusalem some have prospered, and some have waxed rich! manv have found :i fair living, and still others, who keep drifting in from day to day, find the same old stmgglef'or existence that they have left behind. henv In Europe, Vv"henwltli hopes set high, they have cast in their lot with thtlr St. Ixniis brethren, they find that certain men control the various lines of trade, tho giving out of work is in the hands of the contractors, there are nlteady enough peddlers, and the struggle, if not quite so severe, they find, Is still ever pres ent. But work must be had at any price, and if the English-speaking garment-maker finds h'msrlf witho'-t work he can rnei ally attribute It to a lower bid nut in bj one of his own rare who has not yet mas tered tho language of the t'nited States When work is slack, which sometimes happens, the man of family, and the un married as well, finds himself under the painful necessity of underbidding his usurp ing Europe.if cousin Hut the Jew is persevering. baing. In-diistriou-s, nn.i .somehow or other the inhab itants of Ultlu Jeius.ilem all seem to get along. To the end of helping the immigrant Hebrew in St Louis many prominent Jew ish citizens h.nc combined. A notable fea ture of the work has been the conducting gBWErgJHn.-JflLJUJi.ll II mil I !-1-Ui. --.,. .iilii in . . . j. ..!.. ..ijui..MXLjxJjujml' j HOW MUD IS REMOVED FROM THE LEVEE. As the river recedes great quantities of mod is left on the stone facing. This is removed by powerful streams of water, .which sends the mud into the rfmand cleans the stones until they shine in their native color. of night schools. For this purpose the Jefferson School, at Ninth and Wash streets, has been used for six months in eacli of the late years. Emil Mayer, a lawjer. with 0fllce3 in the Oriel buildintr. for two vears mt Vii filled the position of superintendent of the Jewish Alliance night schools. Ellas .Mirhaels of Rice. Stix & Co. is president. "Our next bchool session begins in Octo ber," said Mr. Mayer to The Republic, "and we expect a large attendance this fall. At the ciOFe of our last term there were nearly 400 pupils in regular attendance. "The pupils range in age from 11 tr, rn although In two Instances we have admitted girlp of 13, who, on account of household duties in their homes, have been unable to attend the public schools. We only take pulpils who are emplojed during the day, jou know. Of these about one-third are females, the remainder males. "The course of study Is a five-year course. Arithmetic, geography. United States rii. tory, reading, writing and grammar; in fact, a good common-school education is what we teach. Bookkeeping Is also en tered into, and it Is no uncommon sight to sec huband and wife, child ami irr,i father, enter our school together, with books and slate under the arm." The first clas-o is composed of those who can neither read nor write, and, says Mr. Mayer, It is a regrettable fact and a sad commentary on the European educational system that there come many of such to our shores. But It is surprising the avidity with which the mmd of the young Immigrant reaches out after information and learning. Once in a while, but only once in a while, how ever, there have entered youths whose minds ran more to folly and pranks than to the earnest getting of knowledge. Such have been speedily weeded out. There is no such thing as punishment rn Infraction of rules at the Jewish Alliance night schools. Life ls too serious, nnfl , acquirement of learning of too great mo ment, to rik suspension and possible ex pulsion. That its educational benefits are produc tive of results is attested by the instance of one pupil who last term completed his course. The boy Is now conducting a shirt factory, with his father, who cannot speak English, for a partner. Another 15-year-old youth has- already shown strong evidences' of histrionic talent and his teachers see in him an embryo Possart. Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thurs-' day nights durlns six months In the year the schools are conducted, beginning by 7 o'clock anii dismissing by 9. Each Tuesday 1 Right there 13 a lecture, and among thotse who have addressed the pupils has bet Judge Spencer of the St. Louis Cirouit Court, who spoke on "Municipal Govern ment " Attorney Fred W. Lehmann, li brarian F. M. Crunden, the four leading St. Louis rabbis Doctors Harrison, Sale, Spitz and Messing have lectured, and Father Brennan and Francis E. Cook, prin cipal of Crow School, have also spoken. That the parents and friends of the pupils evinco great interest and no little pride In their progress is evidenced by their crush ing attendance on "the last night C school," when, as It happened at tha clos ing exercises of last term, manv wer unable to get inside tho school building; A stroll through Little Jerusalem one day last week with The Republic's camera developed tho accompanying Interesting photographs of the little city within a city, and its people. At a point on N'orth Seventh street, be tween Carr and Wash streets, gasollns stove?, chairs, bedsteads, ice boxes, bi cycles and odds and ends piled in profusion and confusion, told a talo of disrupted homes and discontinued Jaunts awheel. In the same neighborhood were encoun tered two splendid specimens of tha older and younger generations. The inscrutable profile of the older man. clear cut against tho light, left no doubt of his race, and gave no clew tr his thoughts. Thoat-homs air of ids younger companion bespoke an extensive acquaintance with American cus toms and wu3 A littlo further along could be seen th son or Rabbi Welscmann approaching, hl thin coat and heavy beard blown back by the south breeze. On the next corner stood a group of garment-workers' wives discussing, possibly, seme bit of goip, or the prico of peaches. In front or Xovack'3 place, while the keeper slumbered, a group of boys took pos session of the open window, sitting therein to eat their penny ice cream and drink, their penny "pop." In Tront of a secondhand store sat tlwf dealer and his wife. In the mother's arms repesed the inevitable baby, while ranged before the door v. ere four steps In the fam ily stairs, one with a drum. On Carr street the camera caught two scowling men. and at Riddle Market "some body's, grandmaw" lent herself unconscious ly to the art elusive, while haggling over tho price of a hen with the chicken man. Some day home artist will go up into Little Jerusalem and there will be a new "Madonna" painted. If he happens to go Into a certain little grocery on Tenth street his picture will make him famous. Still, no artist should find difficulty in se lecting a Madcnna head from nmone the daughters of Littla Jerusalem. There ara many, there. PICKOOD I 1 A ir A I 4 sdl harflfeSJ.iEan9Jvn.niuM ncfUuiLUi'it Jiiitiiniz jMUBsaaswafea-jgMia - . r-'