; jr. -. Ffl
I " -
Special Correspondence of The Sunday Kerublle.
Tonawanda. N. Y.. Sept. S. Finally com
pleted. here is a slant automatic man, which
will be placed upon public .-xhlbltion within
a few days. It consists of a mechanical de
vice resembling a man. and operated by
fome mysterious power the nature of which
the inventor refuses to disclose. The auto
matic man as I yaw him here yesterday In
the shop where he has In. en built Is 7 feet 5
inches In height, with broad shoulders. He
stands erect, wears a duck outing suit, and
at llrst glance looks liko an enormous live
man. fashionably dressed.
He cot only walk" and runs, but rolls his
eye3 from side to side In a natural manner,
and. most extraordinary of all, he talks.
The automatic man. which has now been
finished after years of experiment and work.
Is. says the Inventor, ready at the present
time to undertake a journey from New York
to San Francisco.
Louis Philip Perew Is the Inventor of this
automaton. Percw declares that he Is only
waiting for the o. k. of the principal stock
holders controlling his invention, when tho
Slant man, pulling an automobile, will be
cent irom tonawanda to Sew York and
then will begin a Journey across the conti
nent The construction of the automatic slant
has been going on secretly at Tonawanda
for over a year. The large shop in which
the work has progressed was carefully
guarded from the public, and only within
the last few days have the facts leaked out
to the people of Tonawanda.
The greatest curiosity now exists through-
iction of High-Strung. NprvmiQ PAnnio U;o o n t.
WnrTTEJC FOR T5IE SUNDAY JlErVBUC.
Chinamen tickle a captive's soles till he
dies in convulsions. But unpleasant as the
ordeal may be, the captive knows that
death will come to his relief soon, and
death has a dignity all its own.
Now. the sufferer from hay fever (always
spelled with capital letterts by Its vic
tims) has neither the hope of quick re
lief nor the dignity of a life and death
struggle for his consolation. He Is tickled
as the victim of Chinese Justice Is, only
here it Is the sensitive membraneous sys
tem, that Is attacked at a point whero it can
only be reached by the most Ingenious de
vices of "modern medicine.
He sneezes and writhes, and writhe and
sneezes. If he is a mere ordinary man ha
swears, too, and the consciousness of pro
fanity's impotence adds poignancy to hW
I have an Idea, that what enabled the late
Henry Ward Beecher to bear up so nobly
under afflictions was that his profession
saved him from swearing, and that he round
the subject very useful as material for mag
azine articles, wherein he could talk- to
the whole world about himself. You see
there Is nothing on earth a hay fever vic
tim enjoys so much as discussing the topic
with any one who will listen to him.
It is a curious fact that this troublo
seems to be the special affliction of people
cf Anglo-Saxon blood. The French ore al
most free from It. With Indians and ne
groes It Is far rarer than ' the smallpox.
The Irish and Scotch are occasional suf
ferers. But wherever th Englishman goes
in India, in Australia, even In parts of
Canada he carries hay fev cr with him. and
the American Is almost as bad. It's a
pretty safe proposition that our soldiers
nave taken it to Manila, and that some of
them are now sneezing In Pekln violently
Many a woman has periodic crying
spells. She meets her husband with
eyes red and swollen and he cries out :
"What has happened?" "Nothing" Iris
wife replies. " I don't know what is the
matter with me, but I just had to have
a. good cry." Men don't have crying
spells. It would seem therefore that an
affection confined to women must have
its cause in the womanly nature. There
is no doubt that a diseased condition of
the delicate womanly organs, is in gen
eral responsible for feminine nervous
ness and hysteria.
The use of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre
scription makes women happy by mak
ing them healthy. There are no more
crying spells. "Favorite Prescription"
cures inflammation, ulceration and fe
male weakness. It makes weak women
strong, sick women well.
There is no medicine "just as good."
Accept no substitute.
Fcr three years," writes Mrs. Mary A. Sassr,
of High. Lamar Co.. Texas. "Isuffercd with falt
in of the womb, also ulceration of the womb.
Alter using three bottles of your Favorite Pre
scription.' four of 'Gclden Medical Discovery"
tod two vials of 'Pleasant relicts.' I found re
lief. I am able to do my work with eae. I rec
ommend your wonderrul medicine to all my
friends, far I trulv believe it saved my life."
Free. Dr. Pierce's Medical Adviser,
in-paper covers, is sentrr on receipt of
31 one-cent stamps to pay cost of mailing
Only. Cloth bindinp- -i smmm. Ad-
jdres Dr. E. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
MECHANICAL filANT IN HUMAN FORM
TAis Curious Counterfeit of a &ea Person was
J esi&fiet? to JP(uII u Carriage -from Aexi VorJk to
yctiL rurtctsco c
COPvOfOhUO .rt 6" v JJTOnTOH
I out the neighborhood to get a sight of the
him have gotten out. The public, excited
by the mystery, have exaggerated the facts,
and many people in Tonawanda believe he
is twenty or thirty feet high and capable of
performing practically every feat within tho
reach of .in ordinary intelligent citizen.
The facts, however, as they exist, are suf
ficiently extraordinary. Atter a great deal
of in.mcuering 1 finally secured permission
to enter the shop where the automatic man
At tirst sight It was hard to believe that
he Was not a living creature. He stood erect
in front of a four-wheeled automobile. His
hanc"s hung by his sides and were connected
by chain with the automobile. I could not
see anything that would lndlcute how this
automaton was worked.
At flist when I heard about him I tup-po.-ed.
of course, that he was simply a part
of the autcjnouile. driven bv Its motlve-pow-r.
I looked for evidence of this. The only
thing I could tind was a nickel-plated pipe
entering tho small of the man's back. Ex
cept for this and the two steel chains there
was no connection between the giant and
Tho inventor said that he would show me
what the man could do. A gong rang, there
U'.in II vltclir nnl2 on.. ilu ..tin, ..... ..a
i forward. He raised his left foot, broimhr It
forward and put It down on the ground
then raised his rleht foot, and so began to'
walk about the hall, pulling the automobile,
at the rate of about three miles an hour.
The action of his hips, knees and ankles
seemed to be perfect. The gait was a pro
nounced heel-and-toe walk. As he came
toward me the automaton rolled his yes
from sido to pide.
-Many Theories About Its Cause It.
-. o o. vpn 111I1LO as LU 1LZ 1 1 CCllUICl II.
enough to frighten any listening Boxers out
of seven years' growth. They can't help
it. They are Americans.
Another strange thing about hay fever Is
that the day laborer in city or country al
most never has it. The educated persons,
who are also tho nervous persons In a com
munity, are its chosen victims. As to the
causes given for the disease, they are al
rnost as many as the physicians who have
made Its study a f-peclalty. Here are a few:
Heal This theory, apparently sustained
by the fact that the symptoms are not un
like those persons' suffering from heat, "fell
down" whfn It wks considered that the
hottest climates aro exempt.
IJght Lo'nger days were for a time sup
posed to have something to do with the
trouble. But. as Doctor Hollopeter says In
his interesting book, the "Land of the Mid
night Sun." knows nothing of hay fever!"
Dust Seemingly sustained by the experi
ence of many patients. Negatived by tho
fact that in the months of the strongest
winds when most dust Is In the air there
Is no hay fever.
Odors Many flowers were supposed to bo
rei-ponslole for the excitation of the no
trlls. Peppermint, violets and roses were
blamed. This theory has not been alto
gether abandoned, though much weakened
by later Investigations.
Pollen Nine-tenths or the victims will
tell jou that the pollen of growing plants
and trees causes their distress. Golden rod
and rag we-d are chiefly feared in this
country. In Australia the cape weed Is the
worst. The blossoms of the manago treo
are held to do tho mischief In India. There
Is, Indeed, a strong similarity between hay
fever and the effect of Ivy poisoning.
Toxin Some experts, while conceding
that pollen produces hay fever, say It does
so only Indirectly, tho fermentation of the.
pollen creating a. toxin that makes ltse'.f
felt almost Immediately.
Heredity So far as known, though the.-e
are many cases among children, not one i
recorded except where one or both of the
parents have been sufferers. There were
two other hay fever patients in Mr. Becch
Neurosis That nerve habit, as it Is called,
has much to do with the difficulty seems
certain. One woman sneezed violently on
having a rose, handed to her, before she
learned that the roso was artificial. A man
could not see- pictures of golden rod with
out going into a spasm. An interesting case,
quoted by Doctor Hollopeter, Is that of a
young woman who tried a mind cure. For
three years she was exempt, but before the
season cam round In the fourth ear, the
mind curist who had Influenced her died
and the hay fever came back.
Tea Drinking SInco Americans and Eng
lifh are most prone to take hay fever, and
since they are the heaviest tea drinkers
among civilized people. It has been hinted
that tea might be the provoking cause of
the disease, but I have In mind a family
in which tho only person free from hay
fever is the one who empties the teapot
a family In which nobody else cares for
tea. Besides, we have no Information that
the Chinese or the Japanese know what ha
Other causes advanced have been super
fluous ozone In the air, animal parasites,
nervous exhaustion, chronic disease of
nasal cavities, defective nutrition and ex
cess of uric acid in the blood. The latter
has received especial attention from phys
icians, but has not yet been exhaustively
Tho literature of hay fever begins with a
book of an Italian doctor, published in IKj.
Whether it ever will end or not Is another
question. Probably not. unless the advance
of science succeeds In abolishing the dis
ease. It is figured that about two-thirds of the
sufferers are men, which is not at all fa
vorable to the nervous exhaustion theory,
since woman is conccdedly more subject to
nervous exhaustion than man. There aro
three well defined stages of the complaint,
and some victims have to go through all of
them once a year. First, there is the sneez
ing, then the descent of the Irritation to tho
throat, and last of all a soreness of the
lungs, which precedes the disappearance
of hay fever for the year.
The first stage well. It brings tears to
my eyes to think of It. You sneeze, and
the water runs from your eyes almost con
tinuously. Queerly enough the nose docs
not get sore, as It would In an ordinary
cold. In this stage spraying with hydrozone
helps eomo persons. I have found that a
jtaetrsrt t.yr. ,-v?'-- -
THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. SErTEIBER 9. 1900.
MECHANICAL MAN, WITH
solution of quinine freely applied to the
nosirns ana eyes gives mot reller. Why.
I do not know. It Is supposed by home
physicians to kill the "toxin" produced by
fermenting pollen; by others, to merely
lessen the pollen Irritation, and by s-till
others, to have "only a psychic value"
viz., to be part of a mind cure. However,
it is certain that a cloth wet thoroughly
with quinine solution and spread over the
face will make It possible for one to go
sleep, even at the time when this first
stage of hay fever Is the worst.
Iodine, carbolic ncld, nitrate of silver,
chromic acid and perchlorlde of mercury
are among the powerful drugs that desper
ate doctors have used In the past. But
probably Doctor Hollopeter's reliance on
simpler and less painful methods, and ineth- '
ods less likely to Injure the tissues. Is hot-
ter. He favors "sterilization," and would
use boric acid, ten grains to an ounce of
,m,Ap f.i- cir- ......r TVinn Tin . -..1.1 n ..
menthol freely. In wor?e eaxw he woull '
substitute the Dobell solution for the boric
acid. This Is the prescription for the Dobe'll
It. Soil, bicarb, nod sodll boratlf. cf eaeh..l', o-
AclJI carbollel Uci
Gl)cerlnl 2 ic
Aquae rjyae 25 per cent q. i 1 pt
SIg. Tea;snful to one ounce of warm watfr
He also places a gnat deal of stres.s on
the scrubbing of the interior of the nostrils
with cotton, for which It Is necessary to
use a cotton carrier or a curved aluminum
applicator. Blandlne compound, a mild so
lution of menthol in nlboler.e. Is then to be
The chief advantage of this treatment
are that It permits the patient to go about
his business and that it cannot possibly do
him any perlous injury. Of course, there
are thousands who cannot afford the money
or the time to go to a section that Is ex
empt from tho disease.
The recond stage I have always found
In an engagement with a force of Fili
pinos near Las Marinas. In June a year
ago, a detachment of American troops, un
der Major Bubb, were forced to leave two
dead Americans Qn the field. Their muti
lated bodies were recovered later. The
cars had been cut off.
Some weeks before this an American
civilian, employed as General Lawton's
chief scout, upon his first northern expe
dition, made a collection of right ears of
the Filipinos he killed, keeping them as
trophies In a bottle of alcohol.
Naturally theses outrages stirred feelings
of retaliation. The frlend9 of the mutilated
Americans swore vengeance. The Filipinos
had evidently already begun their work of
revenge. Thus barbarities naturally In
creased and became more hideous.
The Americans had strict orders to wage
a "humane" war. to treat all noncombat
ants as friends, to win the Filipinos over
to the Idea of benevolent assimilation.
. At first this policy was strictly adhered
to. but the fighting Filipinos were not
slow to turn this order to their own .ad
vantage, for by a simple change of clothes
they became "amlgos," or friends, and
free to enier or leave the American lines.
As our troops entered a town after a
fight and saw the white-clothed brown
men smiling peacefully at their windows,
there was good reason to believe that
these same men had been shooting Mauser
bullets into us an hour before.
Can we wonder that the soldiers found
It hard to llvo up to their orders to be
"benevolent" to all white-clothed amlgos?
r 11 1"I"H KW
,i.5r J -"i?
INVENTOR, LOUIS PHILLIPS I'EKEW, STANDING BY HIS SIDE.
Seems the Special
'Jt X M
i worse thin the first. In the sneezing there
is no real aanger, sa-e that you may -
rupture a blood vessel. But when the ccukIs- CHILDREN DABBLE
Ing stage begins jou often feel as though I
you were sure to suffocate, and the victim I N HYPNOTISM.
often becomes uncon'clous from exhaustion. I
I know no real relief for th! s-.ive to gar-' r ;(fI ft T.n,, !.,, Trniico it
Kle wllh water Into which has been put a l'nl" ',l11 l alls nuo irnilCe .11
little quinine, and to apply vaseline to the Her IMuvmutt's' Iliddillg.
root of the tongue, from which the cough- j priTl'l li' priMU.
ln1S.n1'r.0,1.UCt'1-. ... ,. ,., . 'Beatrice. Neb.. Sept. S.-Even babies out
Tho last stage Is asthma, or much like it. 1 . . , ... . . , .
The irritation has got down into the bron- In U,ls v'e country seem to be versed
clila! tubes and the lungs. The wiffocntion j '" occult science. A strange Incident bap
keeps up and becomes wore. You smoke' pened here recently when I.lllle Armstrong,
stramonium or llKht a mixture of stramo- 1 years oU. went Into a trance at the bid
nlum and gunpowder, which scattered thin- ding of her playmate. Dolly Horn. The
l.. ,..,. c-tti...... nt n f,ai- ti... Armsiroiu; i'.rl atnronched Dollv Horn and
(,,,.,", ,.,a ..in fin i-n.n- rfKi-n nn.i if mn
fumes of this will 1111 our room, and If jou
are a flat dweller will create riot in lh-
apartment above you. But If you are a tine
devotee of hay fever you don't caro for
that: you rather enjoy It .is something to
divert your mind from the Intolerable an
noyance of throat and lungs.
RUSH OF TEA IMPORTATIONS.
Sliippi'tl by the Wny of San Fran
cinco to Save Time.
San Francisco. Cab. Sept. S. The imports
of tea Into the United States by war of
San Francisco durlne the months of July
and August of this year have been large
beyond precedent. In the month of July
XXBf'.zn pounds passed through the Custom
house, and In August 3,sl2.U-7 pounds were
received, making a total of fi.til2.474 pounds,
as against l.'f.57l pounds received during
tho six montns ending June 30.
Port Collector Jackson explains the In
creased tea shipments by the "wny of Sin
BY WILLIAM BENGOUGH.
"I'm sick of this benevolent war busi
ness," said a scout to me before he shot
at a prisoner he had taken. "I'm not
goln' to take any more prisoners. I'm go
in' to kill."
The rerorts of the War Department pub
lished periodically tell of hundreds of Fili
pinos killed and few or no Americans. This
"Kill everything In front of you," Is
what benevolent assimilation has degen
erated Into with many commanders.
"Weylcr was on to his Job," Is n popular
saying among the soldiers now. The policy
of extermination Is grownlg In popularity
among them. One of the most revolting
phases of this miserable Filipino business
Is tho inevitable brutalizing of thousands
of American soldier boys, who left homo
with clean hearts.
Can we wonder at tho hate which sinks
deep Into the hearts of the families and
friends of Filipino men killed unjustly,
while the survivors nre compelled to rale
their hats In token of respect to the Stars
and Stripes, which represents to them, not
benevolence, but oppression?
Can wo wonder that whips and kicks do
not appeal benevolently to tho sullen Fili
pino servants, who will not work with
American energy? That the loss of home
and property, flight Into the hills, where
exposure and hunger bring fever and
death, do not incline the Filipino heart
to assimilation? That mothers with their
new born babes, who are carried away
in terror from tho advancing troops, are
more impressed by the message of death
which advances with them, than with the
Francisco on the theory that there Is a
largo saving of time and money to the Ira
porters by having tea shipped from the
Orient direct to San Krunelsco.whlch would
not be the case by the- roundabout way of
The customs receipts at this port for the
month of August were KW.223JS. of which
amount 3ll.:l?.T0. nearly one-half of the
whole, was paid as duty on tea at 10 cents
I per ound
I "'' lianuw outslretclied commanded her
I , T, mtIe gubJect immedl-
.av. ,. aKjinst a tree and fell slowly
to the ground. The other children shook
Dolly by the arm. but there was no re
pponsp save her heavy breathing.
They cculd not rouse her until Conrad
Schmidt tame along. He Is something of
a hypnotist himself, and In a few moments
the girl had rouoered.
Midnight In ll.r- rity.
Hark, the long strokes that tell the mid
Midnib'nt! and Mill the fcerls!i city's even
Are widely wakelul. for the tumult dies
Slowly, so s:ov ly wnerc tne tan row t racr.
The devot.-es of Pleasure's brilliant lljucr
Not vet haw cast aside their fiolic gul.-se;
One well might dream, save for the purp
Twere day, distorted by some baleful
But mark adown you narrow thoroughfare.
Where quiet has crept In with soothing
Those nhadow-shrouded figures! Who are
Rapine and Shame crept from their evil lair.
Wheedling of lip. Insatiate of clutch.
iAing in wait to fasten on their prey!
Clinton Scollard In "The Smart Set."
HAS FAILED. I
benevolent assimilation proclamation?
Can we wonder that fevcr-rncked
American poldlers. whose comrades have
been mutilated ty Insurgents, do not live
up to tho benevolent Ideal? Or can we
wonder that Filipino children do not grow
up Impressed with the blessings of Amer
ican civilization, when their only lessons
In It are absorbed under the conditions of
a guerrilla war?
All honor to the high-minded American
officers and men who nre doing their best
to live up to our highest Ideals!
They are the leaven In the lump of mis
ery", hut as the exact meaning of the Pres
ident's glittering phrase has never been
accurately defined, we cannot wonder that
there arc many Incongruous Interpreta
tions of It by the officers who are In
trusted with Its enforcement.
A benevolent war is an absurdity In
practice, however attractive It may be In
"Why are the Americans, our former
friend, now fighting us?" akcd the Gov
ernor of St. Isidro, when Lieutenant Com
mander Glllmore was led, a prisoner, be
fore him. How often has that question
been asked by puzzled Filipinos, who can
not understand why their aspirations for
liberty and independence should be
crushed by the "sons of Washington," as
they are pleased to call lha Americans.
"When shall tho war cease and wo live
as brothers?" they add.
These are questions for the American
people to answer. What say you, O, sons
T"i i--- ccPvgGMTrs .yea gf u& AUTOMnsMco
WALKING TOWAK D THE CAMERA.
.1. A. Dcsehiner mid F. Michael", who will accompany him across the
continent, in the rij.
On reaching the Inventor the automaton
stopped. Looking at the party, his lips
movtd. and I was dumfcundid to hear him
announce in a deep bats voice: "I am goim:
to walk from New York to San Franci-co."
After this he turned about and walked
across the hall. Mr. Perew. the invntor.
laid a laige piece of wood In front cf the
automaton. In order to show how he could
pass over It. With eyes turning from -.Ide
to side, the giant stepped upon the wood,
lifted himself over it and stepped down up
on the floor on the other side.
He made no noise, except by the creaking
of his No. I2i leather shoes. After this
the automaton was sent on a run about the
All the secret workings of this extraor
dinary mechanical wonder were concealed
from sight. The Inventor refused to explain
the motive-power. I believe, however, that
he is driven by an electric engine, and tint
the pipe which connects him with the auto
mobile plays an Important part in working
It Is said that in the head Is seme kind of
clockwork that moves the eyes and lips,
and that In his chest there is a phonograph
to do the talking.
The construction of this plant has been
going on at Tonawanda for ten months in
the old State Armory building. The idea
of making such a machine was conceived
by Percw as far back as ISM.
At that time he manufactured a wooden
man. two and one-half feet high, attached
in a common cart. This little automaton
successfully pulled the wagon from place '
SCENES AT THE CITY HOSPITAL.
Where and How the City's Poor, Maimed and Unfortunate
Receive Surgical and Medical Treatment.
The City Hospital offers Interesting sub
jects to the student of human nature.
Every patient treated at the hospital passes
throught the receiving room, except when
his Injury Is of such a trifling nature that
he comes for a mere dressing or the wound.
Every case is entered In the books of the
hospital, and there Is probably no more
tvpicul record of human suuerlng than
those closely written volumes.
When first taken to the Institution, every
patient Is entered In the books or the reception-room.
The attendants in this room,
which la a bare apartment, containing mere
ly a coupie- of benches and a desk, are noti
fied of tne approach or patients in the am
bulance by the ringing or an electric boll,
which Is sodnded by the gateman or the In
stitution as the ambulance approaches. The
number of rings lnulcte the Kerlousner-s of
the case, threo rlngi algnlf.ving that tne pa
tient Is helpless and must be carried upon
It Is hero that tho different stuff of which
men is made becomes apparent. Men aro
brought in groaning and helpless, and up
on examination are dls-covered to be help
less through sheer nervous fright. Others
are carried in and lie without making .i
sounu, although examination discloses mat
they are falny torn to pieces and cannot
po-slbiy survive. Some are in such a state
of nervousness that they work themselves
Into a really dangerous condition, being
prostrated by the sight of their own blood,
while others who know that their death is
only a matter of a few hours are as cool
and collected as at any time In their lives.
.VerTea and crvc.
A burly mechanic may be carried In
groaning plteously and apparently at the
last extremity. Ho Is laid upon the
stretcher and quickly carried to the dressing-rooms.
Here he is examined. This ex
amination may disclose the fact that he Is
merely a trifle shaken up, having faEen a
short dibtance. In many cases the doctors
find It hard to persuade a patient of this
sort that his injuries; are really of no Im
portance. Then, again, an engineer may bo borne
from tho ambulance white to tho lips,
whlcn he keeps firmly closed. Ho has been
bandaged at tho City Dispensary, to which
patients are taken for first treatment, so
his injuries may not be apparent. Ho an
swers tho questions put to him whllo his
name Is being entered, and not a compialnt
escaped mm as no is movra irom mo
stretcher to tho dressing-table. Yet upon
the removal of his bandages it may bo found
that his flesh has been fairly cooked by
escaping steam of some explosion, render
ing death only a matter of a few hours.
The agony through which some such men
pass without a murmur causes wonder.
Sometimes the bell will ring, giving tho
call for a stretcher, and the attendants
hasten to get their apparatus ready. Tho
ambulance will pull up to disclose some old
woman suffering from an attack or rheu
matism, which she is magnifying and cher
ishing as old women will. Nine out of ten
or these cases make piteous complaints, but
a surprisingly large proportion are round
later to be 111 mainly In their own Imagina
tions. Then there Is the mother whose child has
been attacked by some malady.who comes to
tho hospital frantic with grief .ind appre
hension. The majority of these women
appear at the front door of the institu
tion, their first Impulse upon seeing that
their child Is ill being to rush to the hos
pital with It at once. Maternal solicitude
makes them hard to control, and It Is dlfil
ciilt to persuade them to give up the child
long enough for the physicians to examine
It. If the child is tho victim of accident
they usually wish to be present In the operating-room,
where their lack of seir-con-trol
would make it hard for the doctors to
do their work.
The quiet type of grler In women Is seen
where some mother has brought a. child
widen Is evidently too badly Injured to re
cover. The reelings or many mothers In
such a case are too deep ror utterance, and
they only hang lovingly over the child,
which will soon depart rrom them forever,
their eyes alone expressing the agony they
feet Many seem to be actually stupefied by
grief, and their quieter emotion Is Teally
more moving than the wild demonstrations
of their more nervous sisters.
The scene In the dressing and operating
rooms Is one which will not be forgotten
by any one who has viewed 1L Those who
have seen Rembrandt's painting, "A Lesson
In Anatomy." can remember the atmosphere
of suspense which seems to pervade the
picture, although the picture's subject is a
conpse. The strained attention of the at
tendant physicians In the surgical wards
or the hospital, however, can well bo di
vined from the characters depicted in the
In the dressing-room, where the patients
axe flrat borne Irom the reoolvlng-rooio, are
to place. Private exhibitions of thl3 model
convinced locil capitalists that there would
be money in a large automaton, and a com
pany was formed and patents takes out.
The first automaton built for the company
did not satisfy the inventor, and he there
upon began the construction of the one now
finished. The princlpul backer of the com
pany, which is known as the "V. S. Auto
matic Companv of Buffalo," is Charles A
Thomak, a busines man of Cleveland. O.,
who. in 1SS3 bought out all the old stock
holders and formed a new company.
The new company Includes some of th
prominent business men of Western New
York. Jt has a capital stock of Jl'i.CO).
Charles F. Schell is president; Charlei A.
Thomas, vice president; John G. Baer.
treasurer; C. J. Stettler. secretary, and
former Congressman Uowlanil li. Jfahany
of the Thirty-second District Is correspond
ing secretary, while erew and J. A. Deach
lnser are superintendents of construction.
Perow was told to spare- no expense. H
had the best of workmen to assist him and
took plenty of time and pains to ir.surf
making the automaton a success. During
the last six month: a large number of ex
periments have been tried with tho me
chanical giant, ard It Is believed now to
have reached as high a state of perfection
as Is possible.
On the forthcoming trip from New York
to San Francisco Mr. Perew" says that the
automaton can bo driven at tho ran of
twenty milen an hour on smooth roads. J.
A. Deschlnger and Fred Michaels will rlda
in the automobile on this trip.
long glass tables with slightly sloping glass
tops. Over each table hangs a cluster or
carefully .-Mntled Incandescent lights so ar
ranged as to throw their light directly upon
the s-TjbJect stretched below. All around the
room nre the various necessities for dress
ing wounds, ami It is here that the first
care- of the wound, preparatory to removal
to the operating-table is given.
In the operatln-groom the scene tJ even
more impressive. Silence is tf. rule and
the whole scene Is one which wouJd be long
remembered by a spectator. Anaesthetics
have been administered to the patient when
he lt placed upon the table and the motion
less body, wllh its white flesh. looks more
like n corpre than a living being. Tho white
robes of the attendant physicians and
nurses, the whlta sheet covering the glass
table and the white cloths wrapped around
the body of the patient all form a back
ground upon which the deep blotch of blood
Is emphasized as the surgeons carefully
probe a wound or cut through the flesh.
After the operation the patient Is placed
In one of the wards of tho hospital. Room
arter room and ward after ward ore lined
on both sides with rows or Iron bedsteads
all covered with the regulation whlto hos
pital bedclothlng. and In one or these bed
steads the sufferer Is placed. Special wards'
are. or course, reserved ror the women, for
negroes and ror those with certain diseases.
But In all the scene is much the same. The
line or races which look at the visitor rrom
the beds as he parses all wear the same un
easy look induced by pain.
In the convalescent wards the scene Is
less harrowing, although It can hardly be
called cheerful, owing to the monotony of
being confined while recovering. As a gen
eral thing the convalescents are glad to
have some one to talk to and are ready for
anything of variety which may lighten their
In seme wards a screen may be noticed
placed around one of tho cots, and, upon
approaching It, a man will b found
stretched upon his back on the cot. Ills
hands nre fastened nbove his head to. the
Iron framework of the cot by broad lssth
ern straps, and his feet are spread out In
the same manner and also secured. In
most cases these are prisoner patients who
have been Injured In some fight which re
quires their confinement at the bospitals.
Occaslonally a woman w 111 be seen thus con
fined. Often sho is a criminal whose lniu"
rles require her treatment, and yet who
would take the first opportunity to escape
if unbound. Ssvcral attempts at escape
have been made by female patients of this
character, one case the past winter belni
frustrated by the action or the nurse, who
climbed down the fire escape after the pa
tient who bad chosen this mode of escape.
and captured the fugitive as she reached
The faces of this class of patients are
studies in themselves. The expression most
general is ono of sulky Ill-temper, which
changes to blazing rage at the slightest
provocation. Others or a nature which
leans toward cunning will bo excessively
and cringlngly polite to the attendants,
striving thereby to gain some advantage, or
possibly to further their own escape should
their bonds bo removed and suspicion as to
their probable escape set at rest.
l.onr How of Cells.
Down In the rear or the main building 1
a long low structure, the windows ana
doors or which are strongly barred, ta
trance can only be secured by calling for
a guard, and onco within It Is seen that
the place is filled with cells even more
strongly barred than tho outside windows.
Here the "observation" cases are confined,
where the patients whose sanity is In ques
tion are kept In durance. Here also are the
worst types of the hospital rt'ents. the
criminal clemenet and tho maniacal, lit
some cases a violent patient Is also placed
In the cells whero ho can injure nothing,
and as soon as those strapped to the cow
upstairs recover sufficiently to be moved
they aro generally Installed !n the cells.
In ono corner of the hospital lot, at tne
corner of Eighteenth and Chestnut streets,
is a little house where the bodies or those
who die In the Institution are placed, witn
ln Is a table where the post mortem e1?1""
lnation is held, and In the rear room is a
long Icechest against th wall, arranged
with shelves, one above tne other. On these
the bodies aro placed, each wrapped in a
sheet, and here they remain until claimed
by their relatives or until taken out to bo
burled in potter's field. ...
A scene which is typical or the hospital
is at the various meal hours. The conva
lescent patients, each bearing a tray oz
bread, assist the nurses. If their condition
permits, by carrying the helpless ones his
or her portion of the meal. Then they sit
down around a. long table In the various
wards for their own portion. The sight or -
a large number of unshaven men. all ciaa
in the ill-fitting hospital garb, which gtves
fhrrr, a -rpnemlTv disheveled air. is distinct
ly unappetizing, but they soon get used to .':
ffi 'rffy , "f ;."a.zx-J.
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