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THE ST. LOUI S REPUBLIC.
Famous Paintings OF THE WORLD, in beautiful half-tone, will form a regular feature of the Sunday Rcqublic for ten weeks flit M. I.ntiiw. fltlf I 'III. Outsi,!.- M. 1.iiiI-.Tti Oil On i rniiis.i hree '.ills. NINETY-THIRD YEAR. ST. LOUIS, MO.. MONDAY. DErEMRER ?. 1900. ENGLAND WOULD STEAL ARMY OF LOBBYISTS OVERRUNS WASHINGTON. i N MARCH ON UNCLE SAM. Attorneys aracl Secret Agents of Corpora tions Intriguing for Mere Favors. Report That She Is Preparing to Make a Formal Treaty With Nicaragua Con firmed By Minister. Who Is Your Favorite AUTHOR? The question may be answered for you. Sec next Sun day's Republic i v?V i a I l 7 I I hcT (I L 5V ;', ' X J Birrrm.ic FrnoiAU. Washington, Dec. 2. Great Britain is en deavoring to negotiate a treaty of amity ami commerce with Nicaragua because of tlie pending canal legislation. Ixrl Salisbury's primary purpose, as1 it is understood here. Is to secure the negotiation of a treaty with Nicaragua before that country m.iks it" treaty with the United State for the con struction of the canal. It ia lelieveil that what Great Britain Is Joins with Nicaragua she Is trying to ilo with Costa Kica and Colombia. The State Department official, aware of this Ungl.sli ,ove. are disturbed and are Inclined to uestlon the good taste jf a nation which. rofessing great frlendshin for this country. tries to gain an advantage on the eve of the ratification of a treaty the Kay-P.tuncef 'te which is obviously everything Great Brit ain could desire. Senor Den l.uls I". Corea. the Nlcarn puan Minister, confirmed this surprising r.cws to-day. KnRland'" l'ar-lteuelilnjt Ilciirii. Thus there is no treaty now between Nicaragua and the United States on this important question, except the treaty of JS67, which, the State Department admits, must be superseded by a new treaty. The State Department does not propose to make a. treaty with Nicaragua until after the canal bill is a law. Lord Salisbury, however, prefers not to 'wait, nnd If he is successful in negotiating a treaty with Nicaragua as to British rights through Nicaraguan waterways, present and future. Kngland will bo In a splendid tactical po sition. The treaty that will be made by Nic nragua with the United States must of necessity contain no feature that will be a violation of the liritish Nicaragua, treaty. In other words, when Secretary Hay comes to make his treaty with Nicaragua he may lind that country's power so limited by the obligations It has entered Into with Great Britain that we may not obtain an ar rangement to our liking. With the original Hay.-Paucefote treaty, ratified by the Senate, the Clayton-liulwer treaty re-established and a Brltlsh-Nicar- gua treaty In effect. Great Britain's share guiding the destines of the estern Isphero will be obvious to all, for this JOSEPH W. McCLURG DIES NEAR LEBANON. Former Governor of Missouri Was Eighty-Eight Years Old Funeral Will Be Held To-Morrow Afternoon Promi nent Figure i;i Lhe State's History. IIEPCIIMC SPnCIAU Lebanon, Mo.. Dec. 2. Former Governor Joseph TV. McCIurg died at the home of his daughter. Mrs. C. O. Draper, two miles north of this' city, this morning. Governor McClurg's demise was somewhat of a sur prise, as his son, Joe, who has been his personal attendant constantly for two months, came to town this morning and reported that his father wa better. The news of his death shortly after noon was U J news of III i- severe IJ I ! . elding hi f J The fu shock to his con and daughter re- here. funeral will be held at 2S p. m. on Tuesday trom the Congregational Church. Former Governor McCIurg wai isS years old. He was elected Governor of Missouri as a Republican in 1SCS, and served one term. He served In Congress from 1WJ 1S6S. Mr. McCIurg was born in St. Louis County on February H. ISIS. Orphaned at an early nge, he was sent, when he was 7 years old. to relatives In I'ittsburg. from wlilcu place ho later went to Ohio and attended Xenla's famous academy and the college at Oxford. Like many other famous Amer icans, he numbered school teaching among his early experiences; It was si brief ex perience with him, however, for at 17 he returned to St. Iuls, and, from 137 to 3S39, served as deputy sheriff, his official position under his uncle. Marshal Brother ton. In 1833. seized with the restlessness of ambitious youth, he left Missouri, and located at Columbus, Tex., where he studied ST. LOUISAN BELIEVES HE IS HEIR TO A FORTUNE. Cornelius Sullivau Convinced Died in Seattle Is a Brother for Whom He Has Sought Since Coming to America in 1SGG, Efforts to locate relatives of John Sullivan, an aged bachelor who died early last month In Seattle, Wash., have developed facts of family history dating back forty years that convince Cornelius Sullivan of No. 22"l',i Cass avenue that the dead man, who had property worth $300,000, was no other than a brother whose whereabouts have been a mystery slnco the beginning of the Civil War. The unusual tale that emanates from the West regarding the wealthy bachelor and his adventures coincides so generally with Mr. Sullivan's recollections of his long-lost brother that he has decided to make a thor ough investigation. In order to establish a claim to a portion of the estate, and his son, J. J. Sullivan, business manager for a weekly paper, will engage an attorney to endeavor to prove the relationship. Dispatches from Seattle state that John Sullivan left an estate valued at PW.000, of which $150,000 is in money, and that the Probate Court has been attempting to as certain If ho bad any relatives anywhere. Recently a Mrs. Charles Cramer and a Dennis Sullivan, both of Butte, Mont., de clared themselvis to be the sister and nephew of the deceased, and their account proved so plausible that the lawyers are reported disposed to believe them to be rightful heirs. It is upon the story issuing from Butte that Mr. Sullivan bases his claims. The Sullivans living in Butte say that their family came from Becrhaven, Ireland, and that John Sullivan, presumably the wealthy Seattle bachelor, disappeared from home about thirty-five years ago, coming to America. He was shipwrecked off the New foundland coast, but his life was saved and ho settled In Washington. The father of Cornelius Sullivan of this city lived near Becrhaven. Cornelius had corntry will liae to acknowledge I"ng land's right In American interoccanic wa tciway and Nie.ir.igu.i will also have done SO. rill?eri Same Trlels ill lSit. It I intrre'liii? to note that the news which Senor Corea confirms finds a pirallel j forty ears ago. The Cl.iytoii-Bulwvr treaty Had iiet.ii ralitml In is.". l,n years later the United States, regarding the eiayton-IPil-wer treaty as having lapsed, or having be.-n abrogated by the acts of Kngland in Cen tral America, began the negotiation of a treaty with Nicaiagiu. A draft of the doc ununt was pilfered by a British agent from the house of the American Minister at Managua and sent to London. While the slow croc-esses of ibc Semto i were being utilized to make the treaty a . law. the startling news was heard that i Great Britain had hastily concluded a treaty with Nicaragua almost Identical with the one tin- United States desired. The civil war Intervened; tile ieentmeiit of the United States was smothered, and not un til 15ST was the treaty, negotiated seven years before, ratified. Might Ciiuse Undlcin (-omiilic-nllon. It is pointed out that the British-Niea-rauguan treaty would be valuable to Great Britain if the original IIay-1'auncefote treaty were repudiated and the Hepburn bill, providing for th- fortification of the anal by the eouritr. became a law. What the proposed Brltish-Nicaraguan treaty will contain cannot be told, but it would not be surprising if It contained some ft attires Including a nonfortiticatlon clause that would be pleasing to every Kuropean nation that agrees with Great Britain, that the United States solely should not control mid defend the waterway across the Ameri can isthmus. For Instance. If Nicaragua, in her treaty with Great Britain, should bind herself to not permit the erection of fortifications on her territory, this Government would be face to face with another complication. The Secretary of State signed protocols with Nicaragua and Costa Rica on Satur day revering this ground, anil a similar ar rangement Buy ! made with Colombia. These protocols have not the binding force of treaties, but serve as a preliminary agreement, pmding the execution of actual treaties. law, and was admitted to the bar in 1S10. But. finding the profession uncongenial, he soon abandoned It. and returned to Mis souri. In 1SU came the culmination of his life romance, his marriage to Miss Mary Cath erine Johnson. Miss Johnson was a Vir ginian by birth. When the California gold craze broke out Mr. McCIurg left his mercantile business at Hazlewood and went West. After a lit tle over a year of California life he re turned to Missouri ia l'anama and New York, reaching Hazlewood In June. 1S31. IJnn Creek, on the banks of the CKige, was the scene of his next venture. In Feb ruary, lSoi, he there opened up the large wholesale and retail mercantile establish ment that made of Linn Creek, until the advent of railroad", one of the leading com mercial centers of the State. When the war broke out Mr. McCIurg, though a slave owner, was a strong Union man. His; career as a soldier began in June, 1S61. when he organized the Hickory County Battalion and the 0age Hegiment of Missouri Volunteers, known as the Home Guards, of which he was made Colonel. He resigned in December. ISffl. from the army anil was elected to Congress from the Fifth Missouri District. In 1SS, before the ex piration of his last term as Congressman, he was ohosen Goernor of Missouri, which position he occupied until 1S71. Subsequent ly he re-entered the mercantile trade, and later retired, making his home at Lebanon. That Wealthy Bachelor Who two brothers. John and Jerry, and two sis ters. Mary and Kate. About fortv-live year ago John left his home to work for a uairyman in Beerhaven. distant about fix miles, several year later departing for tlie United States and going to Lee Countv. Pennsylvania. 'Hie father lay dead when John's first letter was received, containing a remittance. John sent enough money at regular Intervals to bring most of the fam ily to this country. The last heard of him. though, was that he was ready to leave Pennsylvania for New York City. Cornelius Sullivan arrived In Boston in 1S6G. Anxious to learn something of his brothers and sisters, he inserted an ad vertisement in the "Boston Pilot," but no word came. He then went to New York, and twenty-four years ago came to St. Louis. Mr. Sullivan always has fancied that he would hear cf his brother John again, and he always thought the lost brother was rich. He often told his chil dren the circumstances attending John's disappearance, and expressed a faith that the mystery would some day be unraveled. When Mr. Sullivan saw the Seattle and Butte telegrams in The Republic he felt assured that the family residing in Butte Is that of one of, his sisters. Associating his own story wifn that of the Information sent from Butte, he concludes that the dead Seattle bachelor was the brother of whom he had yearned to hear for decades. Resolved to demonstrate the relationship, and thereby become a claimant for part of the estate, he has Instructed his son to gather all the facta for comparison. captured"thousand bolomen Captain Green's Success at Vigan, Island of Luzon. Manila, Dec. 2. One thousand more Bolo men have surrendered to Captain Green of the Thirty-third Infantry at Vigan, Island of Luztrn. j THE LATEST ENGLAND ACCISED BY STEAD OF WAGING BARBARIC WARFARE Arguments to Show That Ruthless Cruelty Characterizes the Campaign of Conquest in South Africa. BY TV. T STEAD. SPKCIAL BV CABLE. London. Dec. 2. (Copyright. 1!"J0. by TV. R. Hearst.) England Is waging a second war in South Africa. According to the statements of her otlicinis. the tirst war waged against Krugerlsm and to establish British paramountcy A'as ended when the two Republics were annexed to the British Kmplre. She is now waging a second war, a war of conquest puie and simple, having as its object the extinction of a nationality, and having as its means the cold-blooded in riictioii of luthless cruelty upon women and children. There has; been nothing like It In Hng llsh history for a. hundred years. It Is a war waged mostly with the torch, nnd nr son is employed as the ehlef means of puc illcatiou. This warfare of savages has been resorted to for mouths, without brlns lng the Invaders' any nearer their goal. The analogy Is very close between the un availing MrUKgle which the forces of Ueorge III kept up with Marlon and his gallant men In the Southern slates last century. DeTVtt Is the Marlon of to-day. and his forces have been swelled by the very means employed to crush out opposi tion. eutrnls I iiprotected. Those Boers who, in reliance upon Brit Mi protection, had given up their arms and had taken the oath of neutrality, found themselves without the protection upon the security of which they hud taken the oath. They had deserted their colors, under the It mptatlon of a promise of protection from the Government which hud annexed their countr . Hardly had thty done so when they found that the BrltNh were utterly unable to save them from punishment from their comrades, who resented their desertion and sent com mando to eorr.pel them to choose between the punishment of deserters or return to tlm colors. Till.), again, repeats almost exactly one of the most famous Incidents In the at tempt made by tieorge HI to repress the so-called lebeilloii, which culminated in the establishment of American Independence. Hence accusations of perjury freely brought against the Boers, who. Ilndlng themselves between the devil and the deep sea, decid eil to rejoin their commandoes rather than expose themselves to the punishment meted out to thote who threw in their lot with the enemies of their country. Tlie root of the whole difficulty lay In the inability of the British to establish ef fective occupation in the territory which they had overrun. They exacted the oath of neutrality without being able to afford the protection which that oath implied. According to article 4j of the Rules of War of Tho Hague convention, any pres sure on tho population of an occupied ter ritory to take the oath to the hostile Pow er Is prohibited, but, Ilndlng himself con fronted by the results of his failure to give protection to those who had sworn to be neutral. Lord Roberts plunged still further In the Illegal direction. Here Is the text of his proclamation: "Whereas. The leniency with which tho burghers have been treated has not been WORST WRECK IN YEARS ON MEXICAN CENTRAL. r.nrrm.ic special. Kl Taso. Tex.. Dec. 2. Details of a disas trous passi-nger and freight train wreck on the Mexican Central Railway, twenty-five miles south of Jlmulco, Mexico, and 4o0 miles distant from El Paso, Friday night, leached here to-day. The soutitound passenger train, while running at full speed, crashed Into the two ensin?s of a double-header freight, coming north. The three cnsine3 ant' many cars were utterly demolished. Eleven passengers are known to have been killed outright, and twenty ethers were seriously injured, some of them fatally. The wreck was one of the most complete on the Mexican Central for years, the three engines being smashed to pieces. A halt dozen cars were piled up in a promiscuous heap and several broken into klndlluj wood. Engineer Ross and Firemen Reeves and Harveson of the freight train were killed, but the engineer and fireman of the pas senger train Jumped In time to save their lives. They fled, it Is said, to avoid arrest for the accident. Most of the passengers killed or injured were Mexicans riding In the cars next the engine. It Is Impassible to B'i a list of the dead VICTIM OF THE TYPEWRITER HABIT. appreciate.!, but has been used as a cloak for continued resistance: and "Whereas, There are no means of dis tinguishing combatants from nonciimba tant.s. all oath breakers will hereafter be punished either by death. line or imprisonment. Further, all burghers liv ing In districts occupied by the British troops, unless they surrender nnd subscribe to the neutrality oath prescribed by me .o meet such cases, will be treated as prisoners of war and will be transported. All build ings which ate uy for ' .rboring B'er stouts will be- razed to the ground." I'r.der the last clause almost any building might be doomed, for the Boer scouts are ubiquitous nnd use an libuse that is handy for shelter. The inmates cannot prevent this any more than they can prevent the billeting of British troops. Itolifrtft'n FvrorlfiuM .Tlcitvure. A gre'at deal has been said concerning the humanity of lyird Roberts. Personally he Is of a benevolent disposition, but as an In vader of the Transvaal, under the cover of one or two benevolent proclamations he has Issued orders which speak for them selves as to the unmitigated ferocity with which this second war Is being waged, and the result of the supreme command which he yields In the Dutch Republics has been to recall the horrors of the Thirty Years War. When he began his inarch to Blocmfou tein be forbade looting, and up to Kroon stadt he appear. to have repressed with a Mt-rn hand any apology on the part of the troops immediately undir his eye. but after Kroonstadt, when the Transvaal was en tered and provision ran short, the Inter dict upon looting, although not formally repealed, was generally disregard! d. General Buller, when he advanced from ir..aiai. was carerm not to move until he ii.iu jiiowocu iu army wiui suiucieni sup plies1 to obviate any ni'cesslty for looting. Lord Roberts was much less particular. The African colonial contingent looted right and left, and the troops, both Brit ish and colonial, made a practice! of de stroying houses on the line of march, sometimes f(,r the sake of obtaining lire wood often for wanton destructheness. WILL .MIT VISIT IICIII.IN. Berlin. Dec. 2. .Mr. Kruger has abandoned his proposed visit to Berlin owing to the receipt of :m official Intimation that Hm peror William regrets that in consequence of previous arrangements ho will be unable to receive him. The Boer statesman will therefore proceed direct from Cologne for HollJiid. He telegraphed to this effect this afternoon. Tho Cologne Gazette. In an Inspired com minltpje, says: "Mr. Kruger's visit Is not agreeable to Germany, his aim being to ob tain Intervention In South Africa. It would be n. grave Jwlitfcal mistake. It would lo even a great crime.to allow him to entertain even a spark of hope that Germany will render him any practical support." This declarratlon Is accompanied with re proaches, Mr. Kniitcr being charged with "having encouraged a useless guerilla war fare and having disregarded Germany's ad vice when he mignt have still followed It. The press generally strikes the same note. or Injured, as the railway company controls the tedegraph office at Jlmulco. A dispatch just received gives meager de tails, and says eleven bodies have been re covered from the debris, three being those of the dead American trainmen. It Is be l.'eved that others are still buried there under. TV.cklng trains with surgeons were dis patched from Jimulco to the scene of the accident, and the dead and Injured were re moved to that place. CZAR SLIGHTLY BETTER. The Dowager Czarina lias Started for Livadia. Llvadla, European Russia, Dec. 2. The following bulletin regarding the condition of Emperor Nicolas was Issued to-day: "The Czar passed a very good day yester day and hlept ve.y well last night. His Majesty's condition this morning Is very satisfactory. His appetite is returning and his strength gradually Increasing. Last evening his temperature was S7.9 and his pulse 64. This morning the former was !7 and the latter 72." Copenhagen. Dec. 2. The Dowager Czar ina has started for Llvadla. M'KINLEY'S MESSAGE EXPECTED TO-DAY. Change of I'roraiiinii' Deterinini'd bv a Conference at White House Death Announcements. Itr.PlT.I.IC SPKI'IAI. Washington, v. 2. President MeKin ley's mfS--aKe will be sent to e'ongress to morrow and will be read In both houses. ThI:: Is a change of the programme agreed upon a few days ago. which contemplated holding the message back until Tuesday and the adjournment of both houses to-morrow Immediately after the opening on ac count of the deaf of Senators Gear of Iowa and Davis of Minnesota. After a conferente at the White House to-night It was determined that in view of the fact that Senator Nelon of Minne sota, who will announce the death of Sen ator DavN. will not reach Washington until after 3 oVlce-k Monday, the message .should le sent in. and the deaths announced after Its reading. By this arrangement the fir-t day of the session will not be entirely lost, and the real work can be taken up In both houses on Tuesday. In the Senate the ship subsidy bill will be taken up at once. It Is Senator 1'rye's Intention to get It before the Sen ate on Tuesday, and to make It the un-llnlshe-d business from that time on until it is uiSMise.i or. ir lie can do so. This will precipitate at once or.e of the hardest lights of the session. WILLIAM HALLEY INSANE. Was Quant rell's Lieutenant at Hie Lawrence Haiti. St. Joseph. Mo.. Dec. :. William Hulb-y was sent to the Insane asylum here to-day. He cannot recover. Halley was with Quantrell at the burn ing and sacking or I.iwrence. Kas.. being the noted gueiilla's chief lieutenant. Tor many years he has been a member of the local jiolice force. LIST NUMBERS TWENTY-ONE. Three More Victims of San Fran cisco Accident Died Yesterday. San 1'ranclsco, Dec. 2. Two more of thos-u Injured In the Thanksgiving accident died to-day. making twenty-one deaths In all. To-day's dead nre: Rllery Crandall. age 12: K. V. Tire, aged I'J. Nino of the dead were buried to-day. LEADING TOPICS TO-DAY'S REPUBLIC. For Tllsiourl Fair Monday! colder In noalliern portion. Tnrselay fnlr; nrliiblr nlmls. For Illinois Fair Monday; colder, except In nortlmcut portion. Turn-ilaj- fnlrt wind lieeoming; frenh, nortlnTo(crlj-. For Arknnxan Fair Monday and Tuesdny; variable ulniln. Pa Re. 1. Lobbyists Overrun Washington. England Wages Barbaric Warfare. England Would Steal a March on Uncle Sam. 2. Merrick Mystery Not Solved. Planning Exhibit for World's Fair. Labor Leaders Meet at Louisville. 3. Sermons and Services at the Churches. Will Cut His Visit Short. 4. Editorial. The Stage. St. Louis Shippers' Bill to Be Pushed. All tho World to Have the Same Time Next Year. Doctor Tyrrell Accepts Congregational Call. I. Railroad News. Funeral of T. T. Colfer Tuesday. Pastor Scored From the Pulpit. Pioneer Railroad. Official Dead. 6. Republic Want Ads. 7. Republic Want Ads. Mormon Indian Troubles. Lcod and Zinc Report. 5. Cycling Club Beats Canadians. Turf Gossip. 3. Movement of Grain. Wall Street Trices Peculiar Last Week. The Cotton Market. 10. Postal Clerks' Annual Election. Grandsons Acted as Pallbearers. Elks' Annual Memorial Services. J. P. Herrington Burled at Scdalia. Attempt at Suicide Failed. Believes Ills Boy Abducted, Republican Policies Contemplate Passage of Ship Subsidy Bill, Increase of the Army and Congressional Reap portionment Democrats Not Aggressive. llia-CHLIC- SPKCIAL Washington. lee. i Sitting in the White House, the very perxinllleation ot serenity. President MeKInley i arranging a pro cramme for Congrss under e-onditi&ns that are unexampled in the history of the Fnited Statis. More power to Intluenc legislation no President evr had since Lin' oln. The opening of this session of Congress, whleli will end with tlie lirst term o! Me KInley. nasi much about It to suggest the actual b"glnn!ug of the second term, with out waiting for the inauguration on March 4. The lirst President to dir.ctly succeed himself sln-e Grant. In U'i. Mr. MeKu.ley and his party associates Intend to interpret the verdict at th- polls on November 0 as an Indorsement and a inundate, and they are preparing to obey the "mandate" at home and abroad. McKinley's second term to all Intents and purposes has begun. II Is) stronger than evtr In his control of the Government machinery. Mr. M Klnlev has taken the eountry through the door of colonial expansion. lie stands now ready to lead it into what his friends fondly term the "golden era." It Is likedy to be a golden era for the goats rather than for the she, p. l.olili IstH Otcrriiu WnliIiiKton. Washington to-night is lit rally ovrrun with lobbyists, attorneys, secret apt nts and outspoken men of money, all Intriguing for a share of the wealth that the Presi dent Ls preparing to isur out of his cornu copia of pltnty. They call It by ditterent terms, but "sliees of pork" and "lingers of pie" are the favorite expressions. A light Rip Van Winkle sleeper, who dozed off Januttry 1, PsHs, and awakened, say Iat week, could scarcely realize That had happened In the Interim, so complete has been the transformation. He would lind the eountry at peace just as it was when he went to sleep. He would discover that the expenses of the- Government, which were 3'i".774,I.V in 1W, the last year before the war. had leaped to $457,712,71 In l. He would observe that the total revenues, which In U:7 were $.147.721.7"". had sprung up. un der the stimulus of the war tax. to ii77.-IKS.-.1. Other things which would fix hN atten tion would le the bulging out of everything contemplated in the term "Government machinery." The army in W consisted cf .! men. It has emnn to P.(.. swelling the cort of the establishment from $.2,r7. 40i to l.i"U", the amount of the esti mates, for the next year. The navy has be'en more than doubled In size, and its cost has advanced trom J?)ri"i'' to $S7.- These are only a few things In thl "golden era" to excite remark. The plans that are gaing forward to qualify the Fnited States as a "weirld power" natur ally presents opportunities for thoe. who seek "slices of Iork" and "lingers of pie" as a business. Miip-Siil,iil.v Hill. The whole membership of e-ongress. from Se-nutor l'rye and Senator Hanna down to the youngest member of the Houe are excited over the ship Miltsldy bill. The mo tive is that American freight shall be car ried In American ships, but it 1 the prize money that challense's attention. It Is a matter eif JW.iv.vOn'. spre-ad over ten je-ars at the rate of $!i.tMi.io per annum. Such j, desce'nt of ship owners has thc-re been that the prime object, the encouraging of American ship building, lias be-en lost sight of, nnd fureiii-built slips, purchased In an ticipation of the passage of tlie bill, are to participate in the cutting of the "pie" The great project of cuttmz a cun.il. to be owned by the I'nlte-d States, through the Central American 'sthmus Is 1cfore Con gress, and has received a imwerful impetus from the aesiuisitlon of the Philippines and the Islands of Cuba and Porto Rico. The latest estimates of the NicaragJa Canal are that It will cot J!73.t.io. Pow erful interests that haw delayed this work for ten years the: Pacific Railroad lobby, in short are acaln active, and It is predicted that the fight over the snip subsidy bill wi.. be a mere bagatelle by comparison with the HANNA AND JONES OUTLINE POLICY OF BOTH PARTIES, Republicans Will Aggressively Push the Work Before Congress. iinrunuc special Washington. Dec. -Senator Marcus A. Hanna. who will control the Re public m majority In both hou-es of Congress, tnm delivered himself to-night on the work In hand and his plan of campaign. "The annual appropriation bills are among the matters to receive first consid eration. These must go through in order that the Government may have the money necessary to meet Its dally expenditures. Whenever these bills are ready they wi,I, following the usual rule, be called up lor action, other business being temporarily laid aside. "Tha shipping bill ought to pass, i be lieve It will. It ls a just measure, devoted to tho upbuilding of the American merchant marine and much of the opposition we hear about will disappear when the measure comes under discussion. In the Senate It Is Mr. Frye's Intention to move to take the bill up Tuesday and make It the unfinished business. I believe that motiun will pre vail, for the consideration of the shipping bill now will be following th command of the people. "Provision for the continuance of an army sutlleiently large to suppress the in surrection ill the Philippines and establish peace must be provided, and this is cer tainly one of the things that will demand the early attention of Congress. The pre ent establlhment will c ritlnue only until July 1 next. We- must, therefore, at this stsstoa take action that will give the Pres ident such troops as he may need. "I have not studied the bills that have Iten presented, but I am confident Congrcs will uphold he hands of the presi dent. There will be no factious opposition to this measure anywhere-. "The Treasury condition shows that we can now remove some of the extraordinary taxes Imposed by the war with Srain. and that will be done. What the aggregate of reductions will be Is a question that will be determined with due regard to the neces sities of the Government. "The Constitution requires a decennial rcapportlcnment, following every census. It will be the duty of this Congress to carry out that constitutional requirement. Upon what figures the representation In Congress will be based is a matter upon which I am not Informed. It has not jet been consid ered by 'any committee. This bill ought. however, to be passed without mucij delav. and ought not to precipitate any conld erable discussion." strusgle to defeat or def. r consideration of tiie lsCimlm c.inal. Much of the prelim inary skirmishing is now lelng conducted behind the sve-nes. The work of the lobhy is very adroit and there will be as little ap tiearance as possible of open opposition to J the canal. The plan is. rather to compll I cate matters by introducing the Panama, route as offering advantages over the Nica raguan route. Public sentiment is behind the Nlearaguen route and the lobby is de IK'nding upon cleer exploitation of the 1'enama ditch to "deadlock" Congress" on, the emal question at this sesion and so de fr consideration of the subject. A natural accompaniment of the policy of exians!ein :nd the "golden era" is the pro jsed Pacific cable. If it is built by the Governm -nt it will cost J3).0!'.'); If by pri v it rartles under a Government subsidy tho e-ost to the Gm'ernment will be about JlfO.wJ a year fur twenty years. The cable magnates favor private owner ship, with the subsidy, realizing the Im mense earning power ejf such a cable, once It were established. Then. too. there ls tie? I gislati'm for the "colonies." Congress i") expected to take th" step in passing the Spooner bill that will commit the United St.tes to the government of the Philippines by something other than the war power under which the President ! now acting. Mcp Toward Militarism. There will undoubtedly be legislation pro viding for a standing army of W.7C6 men. with plenty of good places for the "sons of sotneliodies." and the Government must meet the prorosltion ,f fortifying our colo nial outposts in the Philippines, in the La drones. In Hawaii and in Porto Rico. Her", too. will be plenty of "p!e" for favored con tractors'. With a greater army there must be a greater navy, and there are plans for liter ally belting the globe, both north and south of the Equator, with coaling station. But while the United States, are expanding abroad, there Is aIo noted here a ?entlni"nt In favor of e-xpanding and at the same time "expending" at home. To the question. "What shall be done with the surplus?" there ls a resounding chorus in reply: "Spend It T" Th-re was strenuous opposition to letting go the million. that are pouring in under the wir revenue tax. There will be a fisht ncaiu-t an-.- ioiIey other than keeping up the w-ar expenses during this "golden era" of jieace. The customs receipts of 13u0 were SK.i;p.7ll more than In 1S57: the internal levenue receipts wete ?1P.C9.3.".2. of which at least S12S,i." was derived from the war tat. With all the Increased expenses due to the war with Spain there was a Mirplus of $7?,:7.(y'iV for the li-cal year end ing June W. 13. which Secretary Gage managed to cut dewn abouc fcS,ofi.00O by bond purchases reeleeming bonds and car rying out the refureling act. At the ilose cf business Saturday the cash bai.ii'-e in the Treasury was $129,173. 7M.17. With these figures before him. the reader may judge just what part the war revenue lavs i-f placing in the McKin ley scheme ot government. There is little likelihood of any material reduction In these taxs. The largest cut contemplated I- Ju.'Ji. an 1 very probably thi.- will be shal do.vn. President' Me'iMUtfe. The President':! message is ready. It dis cusses all the-se questions and others bear ing upon our relation to the rest of the world. It treats of our colonial policy, the ncesls eif the army ard nuy, the ques tion of a Nicaraguan canal, the part we have played In China, legislation for the Philippines- and the ratitication which will be demanded of the Hay-Pauncefote treat. The me-ssare will strongly urge the pas sage of the ship subsidy bill. In Democratic circles there Is n ilisnnct- j tion. too, to accept the vote of November as a "mandate. There is no probability that the Democratic minority will hinder the Bepublican majority at any stace of j the proceedings. The Democratic members; l ...mih.-t !. H w nrwm JIOIII CJIIie lO time against specific policies of the admin istration, but the broad, general plan of the minority ls to give the majority "plenty of rope." as a distinguished rr.eml.er put it. Democratic Attitude On Army, Subsidy and Reapportion ment Bills. REPCDMC SPECIAL. Washington. Dec. "Senator James K, Jones of Arkansas, speaking for the Demo cratic minority, said to-nicht: "1 am not sufficiently in the confidence of the Republican managers to be able to say much about the work of the session. The attitude of the Democrats In Congress toward the army bill will probably depend very largely upon the character of the bill which the Republicans bring forward. I do. not think our party will le disposed to re sort to obstructive tactics to prevent the maintenance of a sufficient temporary force to carry on the operations In the Philip pines. "While I do not think the result of tho elections turned so much on the issues that will be brought forwaid in Congress as up on the desire of many people to let well enough alone, I believe in the government of the majority, and the country has voted In favor of the Republicans. Therefore, while I do not approve of the Republican pro gramme In the Philippines1. I would not ob struct legislation necessary to enable them to carry It out I shall, however, resist to the uttermost any effort that the Republic ans may make to permanently Increase the army. Whatever increase is authorized should terminate when the necessity for it in the Philippines ceases to exist. "I do not believe there will be a disposi tion to unduly delay action op the ship subsidy bill. The Democratic party Is op posed to thisj bill, but is In the minority and will be compelled merely to go on record against It. "Whllo the Democratic party favors the construction of a Nicaraguan Canal to te owned and controlled by the United State 9 without any interference from. Great Brit ain, it does not favor such a canal under conditions that would enable Great Britain to step in and take control of It whenever Fhe wanted to. I will not be willing to vote a dollar for the construction of the canal if the Hay-Pauncefote treaty Is ratified. Americans certainly have a right to dig s ditch on American soil with American money without asking the permission of Great Biltaln. "As to the congressional reapportionment bill, there will be no Democratic opposition to its passage if it la equitably drawni