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M k V J Ji m M TITE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. DECEMBER 23. 1900. THE CHRISTMASLESS MAN. rtg a Consideration of that Important Part of Society I 33 Which Must Work While Others Play. 33 f ZZszjAsjfivPZzi ' r, i f1? y" ""mw J - - niLi jM HHHBr "iJJaSF&tisLLftHiSsLaMKa ' i S3"?' " , jn 2jrPT"THHHH tWJHK 5y flLBYaYaYaYaYaYaYaYaYaK JC X " i ' - -" i .ti iiwimj 1HE ONES WHO DO WITMOVT. writt:n Kon the si-ndat nEruK.ic When Christmas Chimes are pealinjj Out their message of God's Love. Their tuneful tidings stealing From the belfry up above, When hosts of hearts are gladdened By the tale those bells ring out, Our hearts are just as saddened We're the ones who do without. VUTTTN rOR THE STOD1Y HEPUBT.IC. tvilizatlon. cs v. Know tt at this l.-it C!ttmas tlmo of the Nineteenth Centnir. 1" thlcs of such extraordinary and Intrl ctt fleeUpraent that there mar lx so tc thins as universal observation oJ a tolHy. Tht ciantlc. ar!mat etructuro nhieh TTinhas buH-Jeil and labeled "'our poelal ysta " contains certain wheels anl coca atd its that mcst never nop; certiin i lnTT.s3 that m-Jst never cooJ: crtaH toker.cnfl oilers and engineers that must ktea t tlieir taski regardless of the tlmo er the tcaston. TherewouM b no pleasure, is t under tind aa appreciate It. If soma men and nomen lid r.ot work that other mlcht plar; tfcrs would be no feeling- of ef8ty hlch Is prerequlFlte to enjojment If sora iron .11.1 not watch; there would be no trip to oM homes, or to n reunion Tilth loed OUG3. If the engine throttle and tho motor cortroller stood Idle, and the lorg steel llbhcns did not clatt'r a foni; lirneath !ld:!nc vhcel!. there would lo no fcistlna; If there w.tp no cook, and there would bu no .M-e:rs If there -nere no Pdllera.- Therefor.-, the do7eni of netor people mu"-t rtnrl; that thoo tiiouirds whom they know and curt as "the nudler.ee" miy for get nork-a-da care's In the enjojmer.t of the drama, the tragedy or th" opera. The policeman must walk his beat thit the prhate citizen may feel secure In Ilf end proj,erty. The fireman must remain n y,ia ready for a run to thwart or subdue a con- " 0 - flacratlon that may threaten death to rf.r. . nnl tli de-tnictlon of milllors of u.ilth The tt.ilntrrn and the street car men and the st.iml ottrntn mu-t "report." and " cut," and do those taks without the doing of which there could be no perceptible part of that Intercourse which Is largely the. ha"ls of preent-day social and commercial life. The telegraph operator; must remain at his key and the Klephw.e operator must re main at her switchboard, that, one part of he world m.iy know what the other parts are dolus;; and theme .ssenser boy mut not doff his cap and tep out cf his duties. lest a me.ire lin'iid find no one to deliver It. Tin hctel man and the re-naurant man and all the men and women who with them llnd a lke'ihoo.1 In cnrlnc for the huncry r.rd vhlter-. klnc wajfater. must toll at their werk. thouch there I the frncran'co cf holly and the dint of mistletoe and the music of celfbratiun in the air. And evn the Christmas chimes and the Christmas carols denote that priest and bc'l rlnjer ar.d crgarist and a hot of choir tnfii and women and boj- are ut work. There Is no considerable, branch of busi ness that wholly stops on Christmas Day. or any other day. Tl ero Is always a work to do that cannot wait. The big- buslnes house Is closed, but there Is a watchman eolrg his rounds, and pos sibly clerks preparing for the next day's business. Tha factory doors may ba shut; but raw material on its way to be made Into finished products and finished products on their way to consumers, are being handled, by scores of grimy hands. The lawyer may be at home, but the Jani tor ! seeln? that nil Is well with the floor and the windows and the waste baskets. The courts may be closed, but policemen and Jailers are preparing grist for the mill of Justice when It shall next convene. And at every heme there Is, every flay, some work to do that tires body and mind. nd In whwe performance there can be no delay. ?"-V"-"l"rtNft.---.vvvvJvA'.-rfdn.-rfWVvsi-. .VAr.SW.VAWWW,WWVUW,VAV.".W.' '.VA".V.V.' VVW.-.".-. '."."VSV..".J".V w -n.w.A.pjsjW'r.-.1vv The Story of a. SLecent Visit l t xtr i!L HASKi -SJ 'wv.ev,ru.ivwvr.p.-. .wwjvwwywwivsw.' 'rr.,.-.'W.'v.r- ..-.,.-..-..A.wP..ft.v.-.-J".v. rm'J'm'Sm'm'm. .V?- JJ . X.1-SJ & ..I ya -!3 - - S " V- TWillTSJC '. The Home of Colonel Edgar. r Vft TH n wr?rTiv nrwiuffw m "- w&jaw. "pena a day In and around old Ka . one of the most Interesting hlstorla ?ot in the Mississippi Valley, was my toodfortune recently. We were desirous Itlng some sketches of the fast de flr ruins before another flood of the Fath. of "Waters sweeps away the last 0f this early settlement. The. aro many Interesting relics In the "rtdnlt of Kaskaskla. and bits of nature whlchvculd delight the heart of an artist " S left. Ksalsstia', ,on, which hs been trod T thered man. by the Jesuit mission aries, by brne-hearted pioneers and later visited by the noble and patrlotlo I-Tfay-ette. has alo been the home of uome of America's sreat and disinterested states men, Biich as Bend. Dreeze. Kane. Morri son. Menard and Shields. Kaskaskla was the first permanent settlement west of the Alleghany Mountains; here was built the strongest fortress In North America; it was hero the British planted a stronghold after their ilctorj- on the Plains of Abra ham and tho capture of Quebec. It was the capital of the territory and later of the Btate of Illinois. It was the Mecca of commirce and the center of civilization In he great "Reit. In -ho ea, y p,rt of the , onc (C(. ,, ,, t f , last century Kaskaskh, reached the x.i, . , f )f f her prosperity. Then came the en- K . flri crcachment of the Mississippi Hlver. mull.-i ,, i , . ,- , , . ,..w. ., , i . I ,lnis '' 'ecan cs a l.iwjer in K.isk.i-kU bieaking through and mingling its w.it.-rs ' . ,v,. ., ... .. ,,.,.. ,(V, .. . , . . I '" I514. was t to tho I tilted Pt.u.-, t-. n- wlth thoo of the (ikav.-. washing aw.i .... ,.. ,. .. , , . ... .... . ., . , , .. :,le I uriiwij.g ti o narrow, winding but large portions of the land and compel tu r-. r,. , i. ,.,., .. ... . . ... r. morals from time to time. Tho narrow T,' r I'l,!'-"'l''e roaduaj south ,,l,.g M,e MrlP of land on wl.l.-h the town was nrt l'r "'"" '?' T "T'l'l .' ' fltuated Is now an Is'nnd. The church of . ' h""7 J,'f U" ";r ,,h" hluTt- lil"'T ti,. T.nmo,!,t. .... .... I l1.M!o UvUklc This lmiiM) built .... ....it.ut.u..ti'7 V VI.1I'.WH- 411.1 I'.lN. " t . ... the first l.leuteimtit-'l.iv- tri.nr of Illinois, in it;v. I,.ifaette. on lilt lslt to tho I'liltnl Plates In l'S. w.is n tcrtnlned here. It was here that Mcniril browi'ht his joung and lie.iutiful bride. An rl!'iuu Saurirr. to presMo oier lib. eleg.tnt a gr.-.it e.m In the anstoeritlc I'rencli so i.ty of Ka-l.-iski.i. The lu.tl-o is fia-ie, with Htnno li i.-ement. Numerous .ll.lltltt.tlf1nu ............ ... ....1 . Btands to-day where- It has stood for nearly I . - , ., , . , ... , . . . 'I some of stone; nni'i'ii others .1 lare p!"ein-liim-e at.d slae iiuarter". glIng el-denct- of the former im oit.mcu of the p'.ice. A few joars ,10 tliu I.nn broth) n bought the id tee, with seor.il hundred neres Mirroundlng It. The house has be. n r paired, but the original d.slirn and le triLs of construction hae been maintained, so it Hands to-day as It stoo.I so long ago l'roretdlng on ar.in.d this rocky rondw.iy we ascended C.irrl-on Hill. This hlch and In 17K Colonel Kdgar bought tho tract of j 10mm in.lliis petition .u chosen as tlid house and part of tho old town ha lwen renvned a few miles south rn tho Island and Is now called New Kakaskla. We lslted the ruins onco known r.s Iciley'H Mill, sltu-ited two mlle.s north of tlie town, nn.l ji.sttlnfr n. T-M..rt 11..1.. i.ni. 1 way up the sido of tbo bluff. Tim onn.ils t j'""' tell us that Itllej's Mill was the llrt built In the West, ami It Is a certainty that It two hundred jtars. a quirter of a eoit srv before the building of l'ort Chjrtres This mill was first erected by I'rlx I'jgl. nnl fur n number of years It furnNhe.1 Hour to the New Orleans and Mobile markets How long Pngl continued to operato the mill is unknown. He met his death at the a.inds of Indians. The manner of l.is death is tho theme of a letrcnl. His ghost, it Is said, till lingers about the plare. 'nstnietl.'ii of (!ev rnor Patrick Henry for 'I.rlv to m.irih to K.t"!cisk!a. The capture of Tort (I.ice and Kaknskli on July 4. 177. .is .me of the Important events of the war of ludeiiend. :ict The encroaihinent of the river a few enrs at;.. I came s,. s,.r!,,us tin the gr.iMs of the pioneer . I. a.l buried In KaskaskH, were In d.mser of Li in- w.i-hed into the wuleis. r.5fcV fir, lrriszSM '-Jv.;i-- f .-5&-3-e - !i-:r-.-.-Ai rn A-'Wfe 3 ' r:.. a.-.u. t-MJmM ' safyg?:nr - S5saj. The Old Mill. 1 nu r;. 3-'. ,:. L iS t- f.' . - ViTJ A-&. f. V&& -I-y -ci. e First Execut l- idteS jSc3.. -- -, ,,L$ffei!?-i RSc 'A triyiS.-", , a-'r 'tE lfe--r : ' --r n? t nsMKwr A&?.r? : .." -V , Kv c-" The Land Office at Kaskaskia. The Ruin of Riley's Stone Mill, the Oldest in the West. land, restored the mill and made It once more a center of activity. It finally ceased to operate and remained Idlo for many years. Daniel Itlley became the owner In 181i An over-shot wheel was put In, so that the grindlrg could be carried on nearly all the year. In KA steam boilers were put In, a frame structure being erected for that purpose adjoining tho stone mill. Whlto steam trailed along the bluff of the Okaw until the early seventies, when the mill was abandoned for the last time and given over I first fortification of Kasknskia, at the time of the war with tho Chlckasaws In 1725. On the breaking out of the French war In 17M the fort was repaired and occupied by a Trench garrison. The name of Garrison Hill was then ghen to the bluff. In 1766 the structure was destroyed by fire. The Kng lish stationed themselves here in 1772, ufter the abandonment of Fort Chartres. They then fortified Garrison Hill, and In honor of General Gage bestowed upon It the appella tion of Fort Gage. The English were In pos- to the ghost of poor Pagl. To the BOIlth. a Short ilfstnne. tmm f.. 1 PPSSfnn .iml.f PimmAilnM lnj.hahlni'n ..n.ll IVe Mansion in Illinois, Residence of Governor Bond- to lh 'orn,cr residence of Daniel r.lley. In J the army of General George nosers came .- v.w.. v -.wi .. ius u.uci uujm- to Illinois from Virginia, under the secret A removal was made, and a fine cemetery was located on the bluff near by the rulirt of Fort Gage, and a beautiful monument erected which bears the following Inscription- "Those who t-leep here were tirs,t buried at K.skakla, and after.vards re moved to this cemetery. They were tho early pioneers of the great Mississippi Val ley They planted free Institutions In the wilderness and were the foanders of a great commonwealth. In memory of their sacri fices, Illinois gratefully erects this monu ment in 1W." Across the river a few ancient houses and heaps of rubbish aro all that now remain of Ihe former metropolis. Most of the principal business streets. Gov ernor Bond's mansion ar.d many build ings of historic Interest, have been swal lowed up by the relentless waters. The old Pape hoo'e, the first brick houso built west of tho Alleghany Mountains. Is still stand ing. Tho brick to build this house were brought from Pittsburg on a floatboat In 1732. The house has been trcd for various purpo-es In Its time. The first Ftate Consti tution was drafted In Its rooms. Of lato j car It has ben used as a .store and post orTice building. The river his now almost reached It. In the Church of the Immaculate Con ception still swings tho old church bell, a memento of the past. Thl9 bell was pre sented ty the King of France, I-ouls XV, to one of the citizens of Kaskaskla. Louis Buyatte. to be given to the church of Illi nois. Tho old Kaskaskia bell, the Liberty Bell of the West, Is ten years older than tne J old Liberty Bell, with which it shared hon or" at the World's Fair. This 111 weighs about C iund.s, and is ornamented on one side with groups of fleur-de-lis in relief, and en the i.thT with a cross and pedestal. The following innrlplkm Is cast in the bell: "Pour lVgllse des Illinois par les solus tin Pr. imllelf.m I B M. Normand . la llo chcle. 1711." The old church contains other thinns of Intireit bIde the bell. Among them aro the chalice and paten, presented to tho chunh by tho King of France, tho table en which was written the first Con stitution cf the State of Illinois and the rig nature: of Colonel George Ilcgers Clark. 177S. The old parish records are k(pt here. Very Interesting are the old books, with their entries In French, and stained with tune, recording the births, marriages and iteaths of tho people. The oldest date Is 1GK. The splendid mansion of Colonel Kd- Rar, the home of Goernor IMwards and the Jesuit College hae long since deeajed. Only a pile of stone Is left of the once famous Kaskaskla Tavern, built In IsOS. known also as the Chcnue House and Colonel Sweet's Tavern. On the eve of the day General Lafactte. who was on his tri umphal tour through the United States with his distinguished pirty, arrived at Kaskaskla. a great banquet was spread at the tavern for them. We were sorry when the time came to leavo this ruin. Many stories and legends hae been handed down from past genera tions who once lived In this French village. Even now the country folks In and around Kaskaskla tell these stories to their chil dren. MAUDE CKISLEIi FKEXCH. P I Explaining 3 William Mack's Remarkable Powers. a I havo read with Interest your article en titled "Wm. Mack Def.es Known Laws," and In which wonder Is expressed at the rower exhibited and speculation Indulged In respecting tho cause thereof. The power exhibited by Mr. Mack, or rather In his presence. Is by r.o means ns rare as your article would Indicate, and it Is not sur prising to thoo who have witnessed the wondtrs and the power of the phenomena of Spiritualism. Mr. Mack Is simply a powerful and well-dc eloped spiritualistic medium, and If ho does not know this fact then he Is exceedingly obtuse, for he has possibly been ndled of this. The countrv ls full of spiritualistic mediums, men and women, who havo this power, or In whoso 1 resence similar phenomena take place. Tho writer of this article has many times seen these phenomena exhibited by medi ums, or rather by spirit forces In their prt since. Ho has seen a table frozen. If ho may so express It. It the air. with no part of it resting on the floor, and with no mor tal contact except tho medium's fingers touching It, and In this position resist t'i most strenuous efforts of a strong m-n to force It to t'.e floor or push It through the air. llo has seen tho table freeze ltelf. as It were, to the floor, top down, and with only the medium's fingers restlig Hghtlv upon It resist the most powerful efforts to rale or move It from the floor. Hu has also had this experience: Lyln? flat on his back on the floor with an In verted table upon his chest, with th tips of the medium's lingers resting lightly on one of the legs of tho table, at the request of the writer the tablo slowly but surely settled down upon the lmdy until a pressure of hundreds of pounds was exhibited. When the writer had borno all I e could the table would bo lifted by superhuman power, turned right sido up In the air and set upon its legs. No, the power exhlhlted In tho presence of Mr. Mack Is not at all unusual, nor Is It at all astonishing to those, who havo witnessed tho psychic power of the spiritualistic me dium. The same power that holds and ma nipulates the table holds the living tables and the billiard cue spoken of In jour arti cle. It Is spirit hands and spirit Intelligences that do It all. Mr. Mack does not defy the, laws of nature. Imlsible, though Intelligent. " forces resist them. OBSKKVEB. ," Marshall. I1U .