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THE REPUBLIC' SUNDAY. MAECH 17, 1901.
I wifjES&ywiFiF m'mbssssssssssssssssIsssssssssssmm Vy?X?Ijbbbbbbbbbb aSj -.. 'pi si wl ih "" CT ii'imTy0 --i 2YrNvniii fCn n 1 ? " '' 'i ''A''il- Jht bbbbb1bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbWHBbwsi iKnmiSKwasBB. jfflf-jjvfc-x., 4 jb Rl lIIIIi! Ill I 111 III I vi bbbbbBLw l&v MA M ivum X V TV 1 V1 m w x ri?TWitrwr-iimfliiF-' i w ia vb i m wmBBBmmm mjn mmmm kr ( THE COLLECTION BT BEATRICE SHERIDAN. wiuttbjc rou the sun-day iuuuiujc. "I am glad I am not a clubwoman's husband." said the man, as he cut the end off his cigar, preparatory to making him self, as usual, a smoking1 furnace. "Why?" I queried. "Because you are afraid you might come under the henpecked heading?" "Xo, not at all," he replied, Indignantlv. "but because no havo trouble enough with our servants now, and If Mrs. Smith be longed to clubs we mf3ht as -well shut up house, matters would be so much worse." "I think you are wrong there. Seme housekeepers will hare trouble -vlth serv onf, clubwoman or not." Then, realizing what a mtstako I had made. I attempted to smooth matters over by adding: "It Is not always the mistress's fault, for, you know, servants will always take cd vantage of a mistress who shows any dis position to be kind to them." Well, you may put it any way you please, but all the same I am glad my wife Is not a clubwoman." These remarks set me thinking, and I be- Kan to wonder If there was any truth in them. I decided to investigate and ascertain Just what kind of homes clubwomen did have and whether they had more trouble with their servants than the ordinary, everyday w oman. The first woman upon whom I called was prominent In one or the many patrlotlo clubs, which really look upon themselves as being a little bit better than the usual literary, political or reform club. This woman lives in a pretty house. That he was a clubwoman needed no telling. GIANT AERIE GLOBE, 7 It Is Estimated TTRITTEN FOIt THE SUNDAY HEPUBIJC. One or the features of the great Fair In Bt. Louis, which shall celebrate the cen tennial of the, Louisiana Purchase may be a giant steel globe, mounted upon a struc tural Iron pedestal, and rising to a height of 653 feet. Samuel M. Friede Is the In ventor of tho novelty, and has formed a company which hopes to succeed In making the Friede aerial globe the "Ferris wheel" cf the biggest Fair In the history of the world. Mr. Albert Borden, structural and me chanical engineer. Is drawing the working plans: which will be completed within the next six or eight weeks. Mr. Friede, tho designer, has spent over eighteen months perfecting the details. He began to work on his Idea directly after the Historical Society proposed a celebra tion of the Louisiana Purchase. His de sign has for Its main feature an Immense Kansas Seeks Possession of Its First Capitol Building. Interesting Incidents Connected With Its Erection, the Sitting of the Only Legislature That Ever Met Within Its Walls, and the Rise and Fall of the First Capital City. Special Corretponflence or The Sunday Itepubllo. TOPEKA, Kas.. March 7. Tho Kan sas Legislature has asked the Fed eral Government to cede to the State a few acres of ground, now Included In the Fort IUIey military reserva tion in Central Kansas, and on which stands nothing but an old structure, roof less and crumbling, with a yawning hole near tno center of one of tho end walls. It Is such a building as only bats would voluntarily Inhabit, and yet it Is one of ine most historic places of the West. It was the first capltol of Kansas, and a cene or tho beginning of those struccles wnicn iea to tno dlvll War. The hole In tho wall? There Is nothing much to that, except that it remains as a gaping monument to the failure of tha United States troops to knock It into a pile of old bricks with a cannon'ball. But tho building Itself is interesting, and nt last tho State has decided to make on attempt to preserve It as a bit of the vis ible history of this great commonwealth. The old capltol stands close by the Union racillc Ballroad track, about three miles east of Fort Riley Station, yet there is nothing to indicate to travelers between Kansas City and Denver that, it has any history, save that it was bullded by maD i and then left by him to fall away. ! The building was erected in 1S35. Around it where now are only meadows trc-ro which the Government cuts its hay, waa a prosperous town Pawnee, first capital of Kansas which its founders believed would some day be the metropolis of the great West. During thosd days tho thoughts of the nation were centered upon Kansas. The great death struggle of slavery began with the contest for supremacy in the new ter ritory. Men emigrated from all over tht Isorth, but more particularly from Ohio and Massachusetts, to make Kansas a free State; and just as many poured In from the South through the gateway of Missouri, determined to hold It for slavery. HOW PAWXEE CAME TO BE FOU.tDEU. The territory was organized in 1S34, and A. H. Reeder, an Ohio man, was appointed as its first Governor. Until late in that year it was expected by the proslavery men that the seat of government of the -terri tory would be Shawnee Mission, near the injunction of the Kaw with the Missouri, , nnd not far from the present site of Kan- , sas City. But Governor Reeder deemed VNDEBTHE ftUQ Club ribbons, sets of resolutions, flags, por traits of the mistress of the house decked out In all her medals, hung on the wall, stood on mantel and tables. Thero were two gilt tables with glass cabinet tops filled with ribbons and pins and decoratia.is of all kinds. The bouse was well and tastefully fur nished, but the club Idea predominated. It was the first thing1 that greeted you upon entering; It was the Impression you took away when you left. I hid already been there several time, and I noticed as the door opened that the maid was the some pleasant-faced, soft voiced colored girl I had seen before. She wore her plain black gown, large white npron, neat whito collar and curfs and Jaunty little cap. She looked happy and contented, and .held out the small silver tray for my card In as perfect a manner as though her mistress were no clubwom an. Upstairs in madam's sanctum It was the same. Club emblems were everywhere, in evidence. Notwithstanding all thK tills home bore the stamp of a good housekeep er. I incidentally turned the conversation to cooks during my vNt, and learned that my hostess always brought licra from tho South. "A real Southern mammy," pho explained, "is the only kind of cook to have In your kitchen. They are honest, respectful and faithful, and that is more than jou can say of Northern servants." I stored this piece of advice away la my memory. Intending to impart It to my friend who was so glad he was not a club woman's . husband. Then I called on a woman with whom I am friendly. There I met the maid she has Rising- 555 Feet in the Air,. That Its Weight Would Be Forty Million Pounds, and Its Cost $1,300,000 Being-Urawn, and Company aerial circular hall or rotunda, which measures 330 feet in diameter by 1,000 feet in circumference, situated ut a height of 323 feet from the ground. This rotunda will be thirty feet high, inclosed entirely with plate glass. The entiro height of the structure will be K3 feet, the height of the Washington Monument, and surmounting the globe will be a series of observation towers flftv-flve feet In height nnd divided into three stories. It is proposed that the top one be used by tho United States Weather Bureau Depart ment, with two gigantic searchlights, as an after-dark feature. Directly in the center of this structure and running from tho ba.--e to the top of the globe are to be located eight elevators, with a capacity of sixty people to each, and desisned to carry passengers to all of the various elevations of the entire structure. The first stop Is to be made at a distance of 110 feet from the base, where the visitors will find a covered roof garden and restau rant. 270 feet square. Continuing upward Shawnee Mission entirely too close to Mis souri for the success of the free State cause, and sought another location for the territorial capital. In the summer of 153 the Federal Govern ment established Fort Riley at the Junction of the Republican nnd Smoky Hill rivers, in what Is now Central Kansas, to protect the Western frontier. Tne confluence of these two rivers forms the Kansas, or Kaw. Amons the otflcers were tevcral Free State sympathizers. They conceived the Idea of fcundlng a town adjacent to tho fort, and making it a Free State settlement. So they laid out tho town of Pawnee. About the same time a party of pro slavery men founded, a few miles farther east, a town which they called Ogden, after the first commandant at the fort. A fierce rivalry at once sprarg up between the two towns, and each put forth every effort to secure more settlers than the other. Early in 1S55 Governor Reeder proclaimed Pawnee the capital of Kansas, the town THE FIKST CAW The hole in the end of. the wall waa SHIT 1IL mm jw it w j ,jriiamffligw s5w i gKgffirai$g8B TfCit,-' i M lifflf THE TYPICAL CLVBTWOHANVS MAID had ever since I have been visiting her. Hero I found no evidence of clubdom. Club lifo was conspicuous by the absence of its reminders. This woman belongs to dozeni of clubs nnd philanthropic movements, and yet she Is one of tho best housekeepers I know. Her homo ! the perfection of neatness. Von can never no there, no matter ut which hour of the day or night, nnd find the slightest disorder. She has everything reduced to a system, and she sajs It is all due to her tiainlng In parlimentary pro cedure. Her table is beautifully -served. It is a treat to be a"ked to luncheon or dinner by this all-round elubwounn. She can make most delicious cako and salads, and tl.o best cup of tea I have had for a long time. I asked her how she had managed to keep her maid so long She replied: "By not expetcing perfection in human nature. By closing my eyes to many tilings. Insisting upon Important things being dono PLANNED FOR A WORLUVS FAIR FEATURE Formed for Its Erection. jjj the next stop is to be made In the center of the great globe Itself in a rotunda Z2J feet from the ground. In this rotunda. SM feet in diameter and thirty feet high, will be the most novel feature of the structure. Around the circumference of this hall, meas uring nbout 1,000 feet, there will be con structed a movable platform twenty lect in width, containing chairs and tables' equipped for light refreshment service, from which tho sightseer may leisurely view the entiro i:positlon grounds. The remainder of the floor space of this rotunda is to be laid out for Unlit exhibi tions and amusement. The plate-glass windows encircling this rotunda will bo set in strong haired iron frames extending from floor to ceiling. The upper tlnee or four rows of glass will bo of various colore, to enhance the beauty of the btructiiro when gorgeously Illuminated from within. The necessary machinery, dynamos, cold storage plants, water pumps, etc., are to bo located in a subrotunda directly beneath company having agreed to erect a suitable Government building. Then the Govern or returned to Ohio for a visit. WHEN Ml.SSOL'HIANS CAItlUED TWO KANS VS ELECTIO.tS. The election at which the members of tho first Legislature were selected was held on March 20, 185S. Both Free Stato and pro slavery forces were determined to carry it. During the days Immediately preceding the election a constant stream of Mls Svurlans poured Into the territory with tho avowed object of voting. On tho morning cf March 30 1,000 of them rode into Law rence. They wero heavily armed nnd also brought two small pieces of artillery. They wero commanded by Claiborne F. Jackson, afterwards Governor of Missouri. When the ballots wero counted tho pro slavery candidate had a majority larger than the entire voting population of Law rence. The same thing happened in every other district In the Territory savo ore, the extreme western, In which S. D. Hous ton, a Free State sympathizer who now lives with his daughter, Mrs. L. F. Parsons, cast of Saline, was elected. "VN'hen Governor Reeder returned several weeks later he called a. new election in come of the districts. Again the Missouri pro-slavery men invaded the territory; again there were cast In most precincts twice as many ballots as there were voters residing in the precinct. But Reeder an nounced the election of tha Free States can didates and gave them seats In the Terri torial Assembly. The Legislature was called to meet on July 2 at Pawnee. The only way to reach the place was by wagon or on horseback. TOt OF KAtfSAS. iiiatle by a cannon ball in 1855. J",r well, and by being kind and treating the girl as though she weie a. human being like mj.self." Thfs was point number two for the man who was so glad he was not a clubwoman's husband. Then, I thought I would go and call on the club woman, tho mother of the jam be smeared child I had visited previously. I thought, here was a specimen of the club woman who might fit the man's objection to his wife joining clubs. After pushing the electrio button two or threo times the door was finally opened by the same neglected looking youngster. She was not one whit tidier or cleaner than at my previous visit. "No: mamma ain't home. She's looking for a girl, Maria went away three or four days ago "and we ain't" had nny since. Mammn Is so busy with tlie clubs that fchc can't do cooking, and" Just then the odor of gas, which I had noticed when the door was opened, grew Working Plans . ft' the main rotunda, and will be reached by four brond stall cases, .which also continue upward to a galiery.directly over. the main halC-At tills point and around the entiro inside of the dome of the clobe will bo constructed an iron gallery 20 feet wide and 1.000 feet in circumference, from which tho jriferToi structure may be viewed. Another original feature will consist of two spiral Iron glass-covered walks of easy incline and encirUInff tha domo or upper part of tho globe. One will lead upward and the other down, with entrance and exit In the gallery ana nt the top of tho globe In the lower or Hist observatory hall. Architect Borden estimates that tho total weight of the globe nnd superstructure will be about 40.000.uu) pounds, and that it will cost to construct about $1,300,000. The timo necessary for construction Is from twelve to fourteen months. The capacity of tha globe will be, ho claims, from 10.0M to 13, 000 persons per hour, from three to four times greater than the capacity of tho Biffel Tower. Most of the members were compelled to go from fifty to 130 miles. CONTESTS FOR SEATS IN' THE FIHST LEGISI.ATUIIE. There wero perhaps a dozen buildings on the site of Pawnee when the Legislature convened. One of these was a stona store building. Another was a large, roomy cabin of hewn logs, built by Governor Reeder for his executive mansion. There wero also a half dozen log cabins here and there, but the piinclpal building was, of course, the Capitol. It was a two-story structure, built of stone from the neighboring1 hills, laid with white dirt for mortar, sixty feet long and forty feet wide, and considered a very largo edifice. Tho Council was expected to hold Its sessions on the upper floor, while the House of Representatives met below. Ono or two log boaidlng-houses had been built In anticipation of the meeting of tho Legislatuie, hut few of the law-makers patronized them. Most of them wero accus tomed to tho open air and had brought tents with them. Hie townslto speedily be came a small city of tents, with a camp lire In front of each, over which a legislator cooked his supper. The Legislature was convened on July 2 with tho pro-slavery men In control of both houses. The President of the Council was the Reverend Thomas Johnson, a Meth odist missionary, who founded Shawnee Mission, at the mouth of the Kaw, In 1830, and established u manual training school there for the red man. The missionary's sympathies were with the South, and he was made the leader of tho pro-slavery forces In the Legislature. His son, Colonel A. B. Johnson, now one of the owners of the Topcka Capital, was a member of the lower House. Colonel Johnson is credited with being the first white child born in Kansas. The seats of every one of the Free State members to whom Governor Reeder Issued certificates of election were contested save that of Mr. Houston, the member from the extreme western district. On July 4 all of tho contestees were disbarred, and pro slavery men were seated In their places. As the llttlo band of Free State men moved down the aisle to leave the building one of them turned Just before he reached the door and said: "Gentlemen, you will live to rue this day. The actions which you have com mitted on this memorable anniversary will kindle the Are of a nation's wrath, and the wrongs you have done here will be avenged in blood." Two days after this the pro-slavery men adjourned the Legislature over Governor Reeders protest, to meet two weeks later at Shawnee Mission on'the Missouri bor der. After It had again assembled Mr. Houston, the ono Free Stato member, re signed his seat in order, as he said, that he might have no part in a pro-slavery organl. zation. STEAMBOAT IlLItED IS A PRAIRIE FinE. There had been a theory that the Kaw was navigable up to Pawnee, but thl3 was soon exploded. In the summer of 1S38 a steamer went up as far as Manhattan, at tho mouth of the Blue, hut before It got back the Kaw became so shallow that the captain was compelled to tie his boat up "'' -Xt---, -' , -U -3 ft- yM V-H-5tL itronger, and I said to the little one: "My dear, where Is that ga3 escaping?" "Oh, my! I was going to light the stove and turned the gas on. But you ran? the bell and I forgot to turn It off." It was no business of mine. I will confess, but I pushed past tho child and hurried to tho kitchen, to find the place filled with gas. Every burner In the range was turned on full. I flung the window up. which, for tunately, gave In the open air, and then turned off the gas. Then I looked around. "That was imperti nence!" I hear some of my readers exclaim. Tes. I know It was, but I was "inveslgat Ing." The place was In tho greatest dis order. The table was Uttered with dirty dishes. The table In the dining-room was covered with a table cloth which might have been white once, and there were more dirty dishes and the remnants of a meal. Then I became faint nnd frightened when" I realized what might have been the con sequences had that child struck a match A, AIW rU3T i . some distance above Topeka to wait for a freshet. The water became still lower and left the boat completely stranded. One night a prairie fire swept over the plains, driven by a high wind from the south. The flames raced across the level meadow lands, down to the water's edge. The steamer could not move, and burned with what cargo it contained. This is prob ably the only instance of a steamer burn ing in a prairie fire. After the Legislature had adjourned at Pawnee a systematio effort was put forth by the pro-slavery men to destroy tha town. Jefferson Davis, then Secretary of War, ordered a new survey of the Fort Riley military reserve to be made, and the boun daries extended further to the east. This brought tho townslte on Government land, and nothing but military buildings were allowed on the reserve. The settlers were ordered to tear down their houses and leave at once. It was late in the fall, and as no new houses could be built before winter set in. two or three of the families refused to obey the order. Just as cold weather came on a party of soldiers came from the fort and unroofed the houses, and the families In them were compelled to go without shel ter for, weeks in the dead of winter. i ? fBsw-'vw r mJ fa r r vw. zi tjls j -cii- -n j n wvvi nri- j " iuur bbv ..s ir- -m J.; r"ii ,.$. 't tVj ,-&v- THE MAID ONE 30ETiriES SEES In the kitchen. The mother came in as I stood there, un decided whether to leave the little girl alone. I apologized for my Intrusion and explained the circumstances of the escap ing gas. "She Is so careless. I am nearly crazy, I havo so much to do. Maria must take um brago at something I said, and leave ma without a moment's notice. I have such an Important paper to write on 'Suppression of Vice' and I cannot get a servant." I left, filled with wonder at the woman whose mind was so filled with the "Suppres sion of Vice" that she could not realize how near death her own child had been. I determined not to mention this case to the anti-woman's clubman. Then I bethought me of a woman who has been prominent In New York club life, and went to call on her. She has a suite of apartments In one of the fashionable family hotels. She has been abroad several times, and THE PEIEDE AERIAL GLOBE. The War Department then ordered all buildings not connected with the fort to bo razed to the ground. A cannon was planted on a hill overlooking the town and trained on the Capltol. One shot crashed through the end of the structure, but for some reason no mors were fired, and the old building still stands to mark the location of the first capital of Kansas. THE ELOQUENT EPITAPH. OUR worthy forefathers were fond of rhet oricparticularly of funereal rhetoric and were not always quick to perceive the divid ing line between the sublime and the ridic ulous. They seem, moreover, to have re garded the extraordinary as contributing an added and kindred element to the impress ive. Many of their epitaphs show this, but few more completely than that of an es timable matron, who perished untimely In Newburyport moro than a century ago. Her tombstone on tha crest of the bury ing hill is yet easily legible, with no more trouble than scraping a bit of lichen hers and there, and kneeling to push away the ':mrHZ m mwr i N'WftM uvm.m &i jSTjIWi rvi ivk w-vArrir twtr a t r vjw,of ac ja r NMWissmvnLH. unriir yWfnJsfwUVit IfV ri I UtCWM IFsfc V WZin lift I fflTfllUI1 t"w A-V. '. . w .-J--i-,-.t. "?$ Ivf WVi.- her collection of curios from different Tana's Is handsome. She received ma In the li brary. The room was charming; A bright coal fire burned In the grate, and e, feeling of comfort crent over me as I cat In front of It. She told me about her home duties. Bhs rose at 7 every morning. Breakfast was over at a quarter past S. Then she sat down to her correspondence. At half past 10 she started out to some morning club meetings. At 1 o'clock she was home for luncheon with her husband. Until 2 WB3 his hour. Then she was free for a round of visits and clubs. The even ings were devoted to her husband. Her homo nnd home life are apparently delightful. I put her down as a case to quote. Then I remembered a little woman who aches for notoriety. I once received a letter from her, defending club women as wives and housekeepers, and telling me she had a house of twenty-one rooms, and would bo delighted to tuka ur.y one from garret to cellar to demonstrate that a club woman could be a good hosekeeper. So to her house I went. While I was wait ing for her I took a look around. There were two bicycles In the hall. The hatracle was filled with golf capes and soft hats. A, lounge In thu square reception hall was lit tered with newspapers and pillows. The hardwood floor of the drawing-room was covered with skins. That of a great wLite bear had been kicked a little to one s.de and revealed the outlines of the ani mal In dust. She had 'not trained the maid to run the cloth under the skin a little way on dajs when It was not convenient to give tho floor a thorough cleaning. She came down to eee me In a not over dainty klmona and her hair In ribbons. The ribbons were pale blue and were not unbe coming. I adroitly turned tho conversation after a while to housekeeping and servants. "I have considerable trouble with my ser vants." she said. "I am so very particular that I am hard to please. I will not keep girl If she Is the least bit slack, and tha consequence is I am constantly changing." I thought of the hatrack. the bicycles and dust, but k-pt my thoughts to myself. I have not made up my mind whether I shall tell my friend about fhl3 Incident or not. X am afraid he might crow over me. I know a woman who Is not only a clut woman, but a writer. She has the prettiest, coziest, most homelike apartment I hava ever been In. It Is a corner suite, and la flooded with sunshine all day. Now, every one knows that sunshine Is bad stepmother. It shows up every specie of dust and dirt. This woman's apartment bears the searchlight of tha bright sunihlna unflinchingly. Her husband Is also a writer. His dea is at one end of the hall, hers at the other end. His den Is filled with pipes and golf clubs and guna and rods. Sporting pictures) vie with those of members of tha theatrical profession In places of prominence on tha walls. Her room Is dainty. Blaclc and whlta prints line the walls, and thera are cushions galore. She tells ms she has had tha same twa servants ever since sba started housekeep ing, and I believe her. Sha is a, larra wom an, with a cheery, smiling face, and sha diffuses much sunshine by htr personality. Thus ended my quest of samples for my friend, who was so glad ha was not a. club woman'j husband. ir long grass and intruding daisies. Thus it reads: "Sacred to tho Memory of Mrs. Mary McHard The virtuous and estimable Consort of Cap tain William McHard of Newbury Port, wh midst the laudable exertions of a. very use ful and desirable Life, In which her Chris tian Profession was well adorned, and s fair copy of every social virtue displayed, was, in a state of health. Suddenly Sum moned to the Skies & snatched from, y eager embraces of her friends (and tha throbbing hearts of her disconsolate fam ily confess'd their fairest prospects of sub lunary bliss were in one moment dash'd) by Swallowing a Pea at her own table, whenos in a few hours sho sweetly breathed her Soul away on the 8th day of March Wt, aged 47. This Mournful Stone as a, faithful Monu ment of Virtue fled to Realms Above and a solemn Monitor to all below the Stars, is Erected by her Husband." Captain McHard also doubtless composed her epitaph, and was proud of it. But un less he were famous for yong -voyages, it is probable that he could steer his ship. It not his pen, on a less round-about conrw to its destination. 4& g-r-ifrfy-v-", SX$Z$& ji I i rSim'' SHiiit1'f'' -. 91. -.iWHX't- " -J5V''ray :v'CfV-'w" r mV-A it tx.C ''-' ji V .'1 -