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THE BEPUBLIC: SUNDAY. MABCH 17. 1901.
THE MOST IMPORTANT tf Difficulties of the Five Tribes. The Land Allotment Quesfon by Mabel Washbourne Anderson, BABY IN THE WORLD, CKerokecWV 10 .. WRITTEN FOR THE SUNDAT KCPCBLJ& Although he Is In complete Ignorance of the fact, little Prince Edward of York is the most Important Jux-enlle In Europe. On the death of Queen Victoria he succeeded to his father's title of heir presumptive of the throne of Great Britain and Ireland. As soon as tho title of Prince of Wales Is bestowed on the Duke of Cornwall and Tork. young Edward will become Duke of Tork. Earl of Inverness and Baron Kil larney, and Parliament will bo asked to provide him with an income mmclently large to keep up the dignity of his posi tion. It Is not likely that he will be in formed of his new rank, nor will his allow ance of pocket money be Increased. He will have to be addressed as "Royal High ness." and will be shown to the people on certain public occasions, but the signifi cance of this will hardly be impressed on his mind for some time to come. When the new King and Queen made their first appearance In London, Prince Edward rode in the carriage with them and was en thusiastically greeted by the crowds. He Prominent THE KETEKEND DOCTOR J. T. M. JOHNSTON, PASTOR OF. THE DELMAR AVENUE BAPTIST CHURCH, ST. LOUIS. Since the beginning of Doctor Johnston's connection with the Delmar Avenue Church, which cov ers a period of less than three years, its membership has largely-increased and its indebtedness of some thing over $15,000 has beenpaidA Prince Edward of York, Heir Presumptive smilingly ealutea from side to side find en Joyed himself hugely, but he did not dream that he was being hailed as a future King. Neither did he understand why ho was so conspicuously placed at the funeral services at St. George's Chapel. He stood next the Queen and held tightly to her hand during the solemn ceremonies. When they were over he remarked fervently: "Wasn't it loely. granny, dear? Poor daddy! What a pity he was ill and couldn't come!'' The real Importance of the little Prince's position lies in tho probability of his suc ceeding to the throne before he reaches his majority. King Edward Is 60 years old, and his habits are not such as to assuro him a very long life. No one Imagines that he will last beyond seventy. The Duke of Cornwall and York has never been robust, and of late his delicate health has caused considerable anxiety. He was not able to attend the late Queen's funeral, nor was he present at the opening of Parliament. He lives very quietly, and has never been strong enough to take much Interest In in St. Louis Ministerial Circles. of England. jjj racing or outdoor Eports. his father's favor ito dlersions. It would surprise no ono In the Kingdom If he died before Edward VII. So England may ceo another youthful mon arch on the throne. Fortunately, Prince Edward Is an unusu ally bright and attractive child, very healthy, and large for his age. Ho Is a born leadtr, and dominates the York nur sery Just as far as he Is permitted. There are four children In the family, only one of whom is a girl. They are all pretty, lively youngsters, having Inherited the ruddy health of their mother, "Prlnces'i May." as she is still affectionately called. She is a most devoted mother, and deplores tho ne cessity of leaving her children at homo while she and her husband are making their state visits to the colonies. They will be left In charge of Mmo. Brlcka, an old and very Intimate friend of the Duchess and her family, the Tecks. In addition, they will have the grandmotherly care of Queen Alexandra, who Is devoted to them all, es pecially Prince Edward. ."'W?rivj vSsMaS .'."SvSmi , . X i The treaty with the Cherokee Indiana was ratified In both houses of Congress February 23. and is now before tho people for ratification or rejection. If ratified at the comlnp election the allotment of lands will follow as soon as the Dawes Com mission can complete Its labors. At present no occupant of land In the Cherokee Nation has title. In spite of this fact, many costly business buildings nnd residences have been erected on tho tracts set aside for town sites. The Dawes Commission Is one of the most Important commissions working under tho Interior Department of the Federal Government. Under an act of Congress op proved March 3, 1S93, the commission was created. It was to enter Into negotiations with the Cherokecs, Chlckasaws. Choctaws, Semlnoles and Creeks, the five civilized trlbe9 of tho Indian Territory, concerning the abolition of their tribal government and tho allotment of their lands In severalty. Tho commission took Its name from Its chairman, and Is familiarly known as "Tho Dawes Commission." Since this date nu merous acts of Congress have been passed relative to the commission and Its work. Several resignations have been tendered end new appointments have been made. The personnel of the commission as It stands to-day comprise the following gen tlemen: Henry I Dawes of Massachusetts, Clifton R. Brecklnridsc of Arkansas, Tarns Blxby of Minnesota. Thomas B. Needles of Illinois, with A. L. Aylcsworth secretary. The commission has its headquarters st Muskogee. Since its organization, secn years ago. the commission has been negoti ating with the Five Tribes, endeavoring ro effect a result satisfactory to all parties concerned. But the work of reaching any definite conclusions has been slow on ac count of the complex and diversified condi tions existing in the Indian Territory. In 1897 the commission reached an agreement with the Choctaws and Chlckasaws where by these Indians agreed to allotment and the abolition of their tribal autonomy, with the condition that they retain the latter for a period of eight years from the date of the ratification. The commission has ne gotiated two treaties with the Creeks. The llrst, In 1697, failed of confirmation, and another agreement was made In the winter of 1899 and 1900, and was ratified by the low er house of Congress, but failed In the Sen ate and is now pending. In the meantime a land ofilco has been opened in Muskogee and moro than two thirds of the Creek citizens have selected their allotments and filed on them. In 1897 tho commission negotiated a treaty with tho Chcrokecs. after a long and tedious session, which was submitted to a popular vote of the people In February. 1S98, and was ratified by an overwhelming majority, only a few fullbioods voting against it, but It was nfterwards rejected by the Govern ment. After the passage of the Curtis act, June 28, 1898, the commission again reached an agreement with tn'e' Cherokee delegation at Washington, D. C, and this has Just been ratified by the lower house, but neglected by the Senate In tho closing hours of Con gress, with amendments. A solemn treaty to an Indian Is the end of the law. He does not know how to go beyond it. Therefore, It Is difficult for the fullblood Indians to realize that the Government has repeatedly broken faith with them. The passing of the Curtis bill by Congress was the culminating act that shattered the Indians' faith in" the good Intentions of the Government. 'F6r this reason the Chertf kees, who are leaders among the American Indians In progress and civilization, have been more reluctant about coming to an agreement with the commission than the other tribes. One of the many objections to the Curtis act, made by the Cherokees, Is the clause regarding the right of the white adopted citizen nnd the freedman. They have rebelled against the Idea of be ing forced by the Government to divide their deeded lands equally and without consider- M i1vst r p" " i ' RETIRED BOSTON LAWYER. FEARS PREMATURE BURIAL. Special Ctorrescondencs of The gundar Republic. Boston, Mass., March 14. Alfred E. Giles, A. B LI B., a retired lawyer, who prac ticed In ihls city for twenty-five years, has made provision to guard against premature burial. Mr. Giles resides at No. 26S Fairmount avenue. Hyde Park. His home stands on top of a high hill, amid pleasant surround ing's. A shed runs at right angles from the main building, and therein he has pre pared a room, furnished It, and In this apartment, whenever the time may come, his spirit will disengage Itself from the body. Mr. Giles believes that real death works gradually; never Instantaneously. The death of the body Is the birth of the spirit. The death trance continues at times for days, even for weeks. The lungs then cease to breathe, the heart to net; the corpse like face, glazed eyes, absence of sensation and Intelligence, rlgldness and coldness of the body not one 'nor even all of these appearances are conclusive that the person Is really dead. The only Blgn of death which Is sore both to manifest Itself In dne time, and to be absolutely conclusive and undeniable. Is the development of a sufficient degree of putrefaction. He doesn't Intend to rely upon the doo tors to determine when he Is dead. Mr. Giles concluded the Interview thus: "The practical deductions from the proved facts are that a person Is not to be In terred or cremated as dead until his body plainly manifests visible and offensive evi dences of putridity and decay, even though a delay of ten, twenty,- forty or more days Intervene before those proofs appear. Let not the body be chilled by ice nor touched by the surgeon's knife. Let It be tenderly cared for by the gentle hands of relatives and friends, with further assistance as may be necessary, but not by an under taker alone. Let not the coffin (if one be used) compress the limbs nor Irs cover be closed: let it remain in the home and In some safe and convenient room till the body decomposes. Let the religious exer cises, if there are any, be held at the grave, at the crematory, or at some con venient time and place In the Interval be tween the apparent and the real death. Such procedure, thoughnot so floral and ceremonial as certain 'existing modes of speeding a body to Its last resting place, would be more considerate and beneficent." In exhibiting this room Mr. Giles threw open a door and disclosed -what appeared to be a closet with clothes hooks. But the back' of this closet formed a second door. This, too, 'he opened, and there In sight wa the 'private mortuary. The old bare walls of" the end of the shed have been plastered and are white and clean. The little rafters are. painted blue. The room now Is fur nished like an ordinary sleeping apartment, with stnglo bed, washstand. mirror, a pic ture or two, knickknacks and a chair. An exit at the rear leads directly out lntq the open air, where lattice-work, bars the In trusion of wandering men, women and children. iBHiIIIIwLIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIbIIIIiIIIIIIIH BmHiiIIIIIIIIIIIIiIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHH cni ' i i I tB 1 v ABEL, WASHBOURNq AMDCROISr AMD IJT-ri.E". OIS . J. A. SEQUICHIE. Full-Blood Cherokee, Interpreter for the Dawes Commission. atlon with ex-slaves and their posterity. The fullbioods are equally as opposed to a division of their lands with the white adopt ed or Intermarried cltizms. They hold that the white man has bought no latins and the Indian has none to give away. This Is the Indians' position in a nut shell. In the meantime the work of surveying and sectlonlzing the Indian Territory has been in progress and was completed more than a year ago. In 18SS the commission made preparation to enter actively upon the stupendous task of making a final roll of the citizens of the Indian Territory, conformable to the laws of citizenship which are In force at tho present time. To those unacquainted with the conditions In the Indian Territory the work of enrolling its citizens might seem a simple matter. Indian blood Is not the sole qualification necessary for citizen ship In the Indian Territory, and if other Important requisites are lacking. It is not even an element. The commission must be ' Literary Clubs of Atchison, ia the Sunflower State. a Special Correspondence of The Sunday Republic. Atchison. Kas., March 16. Atchison's lit erary clubs at present number three. First In point of age 'as well as literary suprema cy Is the Friday Afternoon Club, which was organised In 1S81 with a membership of flf1 teen, which limit was afterwards extended to twenty members, the present number. In April this club 'will celebrate Its" twentieth anniversary. WTilleit Is tho oldest literary cfub In the State, It docs not. and never has, belonged to a federation. At present there are only two active members "who were charter members Mrs. Charles Osborn and Doctor Lydla Stockwell The honor of life membership has been--conferred upon 'two j. . .m v .mmBm 111 I iJiHrilu KSKmERmSMu If 'VHSiflriSBSSSBSniSSSSSSSr -:' BBBBBBBBBBBBBBbI JaBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBsHI BBBBBbH IsBBBBBBBBBBBbH R V K ft'SliSwsSsSSSSsHsSsSjsV'''" ' mSBBBBBBBBBBBBBWV'IBBBBBBHllBBaflHBBBBBHIl X "f HSBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBIi''?? 1 BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbBsMBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBmJ II BBBBsV JBbBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBmJ I SslK laBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB'VriBBBBBBBBBBr 71MHNBBBBBBBBBBBMSBYf I SSSSSSSWISBsSSSMSmW Pi. Jgj . rBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBMAMf4MBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBjLll SBBBBBBnvBl -P:MABBBBBk19sBBB I && nBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBlnBBBVBaBt iBbVbBbBbBbBbBbBbbbBHBBBBBbW ABB t3VSBBllv!iS' I Bi BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBVEaBK 4 SBBBMBBBBBBBBEdBBBMBBBVjBBVjflBBBBBBBBBBBBFBn 1 II eISfBVSKn''V-9' I 3al BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBVBBBBBBBBBBbI TTTTBTn m? wli it BSP V B7B?r fill J dQ n it J iBSFw SBBBBBBBBBB??vv?i&s32" XSBBBBBBbT s&itz m III ,?? - BOTH rHEEOKr.P.S VW" T i, ivi. DurriiNVj ijn. Principal Chief of the Cherokees and Prob ably Their Last Chief. governed by certain arbitrary laws and de cisions, which govern the right to citizen ship in each nation, as to who are and who The Creeks are the only tribe of Indians known to have amalgamated to a large ex tent with tho negroes. Some rather amusing things occur when the applicant for enrollment Is a fullblood Cherokee. Many of them are very perverse and obstinate about speaking the English language when. capable of doing so, and they at once begin to look about for an In terpreter, and wilt remain as stolid as a rock till one Is provided them, while others will give written answers to the questions. Many of them can read and write the English language, but are unable to speak It. But there are others who are very ami able about talking and reply in broken Eng lish to the questions without hesitation. At Pryor Creek I. T., a fullblood applicant, when questioned as to his degree of blood, replied "Got no white, got no negro. Just 111 PI RS. J. GAULT. liilW PRESIDENT OF THE rom'IGHTlY CLUB. cha'ff&r" memEe"?,' airs" Mary "s. "CondlF of Kansas City, Mo., and Doctor Lydla Stock Well of this city. i For the first ten years the body of ";work of the club was1 the study of 'history of-all nations; since then a study of the best there Is In literature and the arts. The present year has been devoted to the study of mythology. The club Is strictly a" literary club; its members, however, are not, strict ly speaking, "club women," but busy homer - I " ,(--""- , g--'iD ' 5MyKlBLJ JBJssmIbsssmsW Jfc jMJli " "is slf 3HHs A-BBBBBBBBBBBCBSBBjSHsBBBBBBBBnall '- ST RRmA Kj JJrBhiB; VHsBBBBBBBBsBBSBSBBBBBBBBBBKr;&HsBBSlEra It H rssssVV M I good blood, all Indian. Just all Cherokee. In another case ono of the fullblooi came Into Fort GlbMm to enroll soon after the telephone lino was completed between Fort Gibson ard T.ihlequali. He stood listen ing in interested silence while a message was bcinc sent to T.ihlequah. When asked whether he would like to try tlv "talking machine" he replied. "No talk It Cherokee that machine." An interprt-trr was called up. at Tahlequah. and the fullblood was per suaded to try the machine without havlnff been Informed ns to who was at the other end of the line. " After listening to the Cherokee message he laughed and said: "Big machine understand Cherokee good ns men and only pat up yesterday." Ono of the Cherokee enumerators employed as interpret-r Jeff Mukrat. a fullblood Cher okee, who speaks the HnglNh as well as tho Cherokee language. Whn the enu merator question? d one person as to hi J degree of blood, he replied "l-2I6th Chero kee." after which the interpreter observed: "Well, If I was no more Ingun than jou are I'd Just lie down and sleep It off." As an Illustration of the value btowctl upon their own national council, the follow ing story is told by u half-blood Cherokrc: "When Gnbrlel shall blow his horn on th resurrection morn one cf the old reuervators.1 in the Cherokee National Cemetery will rL-e up and say, 'Who is that making all thN nolser 'It Is I. Gabriel.' 'And why are you creating all this disturbance?' 'Did you not know it was. the resurrection day and all jou who have been asleep la death must awaken and arise?" " 'Did you get your authority from tho Cherokee National Council at Tahlequah?" After an answer iii the negative he wi'l say 'Well. I'll Just lie still then 'till I'm, called by the proper authorities?' " Many of the full-blood Cherokees are re fusing to enroll under tho Dawes Com mission. Fully one-half of them belong to tho secret political organization known as the "Ke-too-yahs." This society Is opposed to allotment under the Curtis act, and to any allotment that requires a division of the lands with tho white adopted citizens and the freed men. The full-blood Cherokees are estimated at present between 10.WO and 12,000. They are a distinct type of tho American Indian, differing from all other Indians In features, characteristics and movements. Allotment under the Curti3 act will prova distasteful and unsatisfactory to the Chero kee Nation. They want a fee simple title to thelr'lunds' and not a surface allotment. As cne rull-blcod said, and he expressed tho sentlmenw of the nation, "We want our lands as deep as they go and not as deep as we plow." Tho Cherokees almost unanimously In favot and they realize that the tii the iame. If they could come to a covenant among themselves and a satisfactory agreement with the Government corre tponding to their sense of equity. The Indian can no longer turn his face toward tho setting sun and seek for homes amid the plains and forests sew. But ha must turn his face eastward and meet the oncoming tide of a more powerful and civil Ized race. It is hard to say what tho con- elusion of the matter will be No prophet has arisen to foretell the end. Allotment and eventually statehood seems the only solution of the Indian problem. Tho end of Indian autonomy Is approach ing, but when the Indian Territory shall take her place, with drooping head, under "Old Glory" In the sisterhood of States 'et her not enter In conjunction with any other Territory, but Independent and alone, taking her place as one of the most beauti ful, law-abiding and progressive of the constellation of States. Though the full blood may ever remain a melancholy mark of a regime that Is passed, and while his country may never seem to him "a land o of the free," let him ever be able to claim It as the home of the brave. MABEk WASHBURNE ANDERSON. PIRS. J.P. ADAMS .lLLLU MtMKI? OFTHE FORTNIGHTtt-CLUDJ women, resolved to set aparTone afternoon each week for self-improvement, and right diligently do they pursue their course. Mrs. Flora Zoll Brlggs, one of the most arduous workers of -the club, was tho win) ner over a large number of contestants of the J150 prize offered by tho Cosmopolitan Magazine for the best article on "The Chil Brought Up At Home," which article was published In, the December number of th Cosmopolitan, in 18J9. I tSSs!SSKSSsJ V I X v IW V 1 :ij a. - .-tt i ?ilK;fe--T:--tfei-'w )aAA,v..fe7r 23&.As,-. -.k-r