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fHE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC
PUBLISHERS: QEOBQE KNAFP & CO.
KniDO. President and aen urr.
Owes X.. Allen, Vice President..
W. B. Carr. Secretary.
Ottos, Comer Serentb and Olive Street.
TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION'.
DAILT AND BUXPAY-SEVEN ISSUES A
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On year ,. , J6W
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T Special Mall Edition. Sunday 1 TK
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Per week, dally and Sunday 11 cents
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Address THE REPUBIJC.
St. Louis, Mo.
v"" B)ctd communications cannot be returned
under any circumstances
,, Entered In the Post Office In St. Louis. Mo . as
j DOMESTIC POSTAGE. PER COPY.
4 sS55L te!L!M tweIve l cent
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S- TELEPHONE NUMBERS
f. t, B"- Klnloch.
" S??iS00ra : Mlln A G75
, Editorial Receptlon-Room Park Its A
SATURDAY. MAT 18, 1S0L
W. &. Cur. Business Mans rep of Tha
- lotas Bepoblle. being duly iworn. says that
J.?tas actaal number of full and complete
aopta el tha dally and Bunday Republic
j'WiW during tha month of April. 1801.
all la regular editions, waa aa par schedule
11 Sander. 104,330
3W... ..... .,V.SJ
- 4..... 77,460
- T Snday. 103,275
14 taaday. 105,335
Total for the month 2,425,945
i Cms an capita spoiled ta print.
-, Ta sr woa.,
Average daily distribution . . . .
Ami saM W. B. Carr furtfaa
??",b,r Pl-ranrBad or Teporteel
x""'" h tna month of April waa
glUl par oatit
W. B. CARR.
Bwtira to ana ubtcrlbed bafora me thla
MtMk oay of Aprttim.
J. 1. FABIBK.
tfatarr Pnblle, City of st Xroli, Ho. My
1 Aprn Jtv na.
TIME FOR CAKE.
It Is hoped that the Board of Public
'Improvements will make no mistakes In
Siring advice on the Charter Amend
ments to the Municipal Assembly. There
hardly seems cause to doubt that the In
sertion of a clause providing for a dif
ferent manner of assessing taxes for the
'Improvement of streets would be un
President TVhltelaw of the Public Wel
fare Commission has outlined the posi
tion of the men Interested in that move
ment In a way that shows the proper
Wplrlt -Speaking of the bill submitted
y the commission, he said: "It is not
the desire of the commission to push
this bill on the Municipal Assembly or
the Board 'of Public Improvements but
we think It la a. good thing for St Louis,
and as onr name Implies, we are for
- anything that will benent the city. We
are determined to do what we can to
pot St Ixtms In a desirable condition for
-the World's Fair."
t With this same spirit pervading every
Art connected with the proposed Charter
Amendments, there is no danger that the
people will fail to ratify the result of
the Municipal Assembly's decision.
1 HINDRANCES REMOVED.
By the passage of the park-site bill,
.ellowed by the Mayor's approval, the
k way has been cleared for a rapid con
summation of plans for the World's
. Henceforth, the management of the
Fair may be expected to have smooth
1 sailing. Though scarcely two years will
". ,?lpse before the day set for the open
ing, there, is no reason to suppose that
.the gates will not on that date be ad-
mlttlag tens of thousands. The char
- acter and force of the men engaged in
the direction of the enterprise are suf
: Sclent guarantee that no delay will be
gy, ? .All the. money has been arranged -f Or.
fv hok ot we cmer omcers of the corpora-
fev "oo n& been named. The standing
r??-' .MMMMltJUM .til t. V--J.-J9 A
.JLVIUIUIU7CB Will BUVU IK BCJCTJieU. VOIIl-
mlttees of architects have offered to help
ssrisjCt a Blto at thft Mrllncf nnaolhln .
E-&. s , w. c... . T
sr ,i a. isise uuuiuer ui oiuie annronnntinnn
C-- S. m S,.. vmimJIn ..m .1.ll.l& w.
way.prepartUons for the Fair are in a
; &n anure auyauwu naie inan tUOSe Of Chl-
! -eaffn tarn Tram nrtnp to H.
" There k no likelihood tht tha hi
$C-' orJ''wlu contemplate a day's postpone-
5 w important matters that will
$ j; come up in the natural order of busi
&& xsn tep completed on time will
1? Insure tha opening ceremonies on time.
ltr w.,o E
'& "uuolu,D UlTxTJUXUKlTY.
jxj an tqiornmity xor Democratic service
rf.a k unusual Talue in Illinois now con-
-,. froata'the Totera of that parry faith in
, "ffaaaBrtasMt,, . B. a . ...
V r,w vwumj, ana 11 snouia be lm-
fe? ttT54 ,n. njanner to testify eloquently
it,.- w.uss ssuaoBiasm anaenrecnve organl
a aatJon preraillng In that section.
,-PJf : Chairman John T TTnni-ina nr u
g Democratic State ExecnUve Committee
-vir--. strxninAi mam. Hi4..i .
c; -vwww uuuuicijr auuKjunces mat
... aisp) th nr uiniwin hmimi. ii
My asJn-fliA ! ., vK ...i ..
xis - " urc ouiiwigD xor uie
uVaMStt' nn Ka mite). a -n .
tVgs" - iiimna ouprtuje iJenca
ti,;f,w aawani oy me aeatn or the late
ggiyodge-pMaps. The Democratic candl-tAUesfor-this
seat Ta Jndge James B.
qwtatM, ,qumngoignea jurist ana a cltl-
; " ?. aiameac cnaracxer. juaze
r:;.'Bkta",ia smre Of rtevtlnn If Marltann
JiatyVBocratjl tegister their full
ilt " uia.u A Uie pUIXS 1KM.I. J-UeB
siviay.y- - .. -Vtt,teacalag
contained In these facta
'- llsllf mr all II II II .a-UV. K.tt . A. m
itVMo.piatavto lie misunderstood. It
wi9sifWtCtbary of the-Democratic
JNMBjssTJIssfsaM.Canmty juid calk np-
VdteraTtlwt fatth to go to the
rai east UsTote for
Judge RIcke, the Democratic candidate.
It is a duty hich cannot be neglected
with honor. Madison County Democrats
should accept it with great gladness
and proceed to its full performance.
They have the post of honor in Tues
day's election, the right of the line, and
they should lead the Democratic column
to victory by means of a vote for Judge
Ricks which shall elect him to the Illi
nois Supreme Bench by au overwhelm
COMITY OF CITIES.
Chicago papers have paid cunslnut at
tention during the pnst few months to
the light that St. Louis and MIssoi.tI are
making against the drainage canal. Most
of the comment lately lias Iwon made In
connection with the World's Fair, the
Inference lelng drawn that because Illi
nois voted money for an exhibit St.
Louts should as a matter of courtesy
drop the suit against Chicago, the sani
tary district and Illinois.
In a recent issue of the Chicago Chron
icle appears an example of the argu
ments i liich the papers of that city are
using. The editorial states that the Chi
cago members of the Legislature stood
out against a reduction of the appropria
tion from 5250.000 to $150,000 hlmply to
show an evidence of good will and
friendship for St Louis.
Continuing, the editorial says:
While the bill for the St. Louis Fair appro
prlaUon xvos pending; In the legislature the
order of the Secretary of War came order
Ins; the current In the sanitary channel to
be reduced to 20O.OQO cublo feet a minute,
one-third less than formerly. Immediately the
St. Iouls authorities Jumped In to strengthen
their suit In the Federal Supreme Court
against Chicago, the sanitary district and the
State of Illinois to chut up the sanitary
canal, irhleh so far has cost Chicago $33.
000.000. and has really Improved the water
supply of St. Louis.
Fighting Chicago In Its most Important In
terests, while Us lobbies were at Spring
field asking Chicago members to give them
I330.0CO In aid of their Fair that waa the
situation of St. Louis toward Chicago It Is
an unpleasant spectacle to contemplate.
Why did not Chicago manifest its
friendship for St Louis many years ago
when tho construction of the monster
drainage canal was first proposed? That
would have been a good time to show
the real regard of Chicago for this city.
It was pointed out at that time that the
canal would be a menace to the health
of St Louis,
Now that the canal has been opened,
St Louis has taken the only recourse
possible. In claiming that the canal has
improved the water of this city, a woe
ful ignorance of facts Is shown, for, since
the sewage of the neighbor on the lakes
has passed this way, the typhoid rate
has increased to an alarming extent
Of course, St Louis has pressed its
case In court Is there any reason why
the health of this community should not
be protected? Tho courts will decide
whether the canal has been harmful.
Chicago Is certainly not so overbearing
as to suppose that St Louis will have its
death rate Increased simply because Chi
cago has made an investment In a drain
The World's Fair should not have the
slightest connection with the drainage
canal suit St Louis has every friendly
desire to be agreeable to Chicago, but
the public health is something that can
not be neglected.
SALARIES OF TEACHERS.
With an increase of available funds
due to economical management of public
school affairs by a nonpolltlcal School
Board it Is to be hoped that the directors
will promptly put Into effect the proposi
tion already favored by them which con
templates the raising of the salaries of
teachers In the public schools.
There is no question as to the Justice
of this course. The standard of quali
fication necessary to be attained In se
curing appointment as a public school
teacher in St Louis Is at least as high
as that prevailing in any other city of
the Union. The service required of the
teachers is as arduous as Is demanded
In any other city. .The St Louis scale
of salaries paid to public school teachers
is lower than in other cities of Its class.
The entire argument in favor of an In
crease Is contained In these convincing
There was a time when the School
Board finances, thanks to mismanage
ment of public school Affairs, did not
permit the payment of proper salaries to
teachers, but that time is now past It
Will be to the city's discredit If the old
conditions continue to prevail when
their unhappy cause no lo'hgcr exists.
There is little reason to believe that the
present School Board favors their con
tinuance. The School Board's service to
the community has been a wise and
faithful service. It has redeemed the
public schools from political mismanage
ment from corrupt extravagance, from
the domination of contractors and ward
heeler school directors. The board may
safely be counted on, one would now
say, to Increase teachers' salaries to a
point In keeping with St Louis's rank
as an American municipality.
The situation Is simple. Teachers iu
the public schools of St Louis deserve
adequate payment for their services.
The School Board is now In condition to
pay proper salaries. The increase Justly
due should be forthcoming without de
lay. FUEL SUPPLY.
Mr. Charles M. Schwab, speaking be
fore the Industrial Commission, said
that if the present Increase in consump
tion continued the supply of Connellsville
coking coal, a necessity in the manu
facture of steel, would be exhausted In
Thirty years is not so far off that
problems which will arise then are un
available subjects for careful discus
sion. The 'St James Gazette, London,
has sounded a note of warning regarding
the coal supply of England. In proof of
its claims, some statistics, of the coal
mines of the world are produced.
In the" last fifty years the consumption
of coal has Increased as follows: In
Belgium, from 4,900,000 to 21,000,000
tons; in. France, from 4,141,167 to 32,
000,000 tons; in Germany, from. 3,500,
000 to 101,000,000 tons; In the United
States, from-, 4,400,000 to 226,000,000
tons; in Great Britain, from 3L500,000
to 220,000,000 tons, and in all other parts
of the world, from 1,700,000 to 50,000,
Significant figures Indeed. "England
positively mnst economize her coal snpt
ply," remarks the Gazette. "The best
steam engines are utilising one one
twelfth" of the, energy available by the
combustion of fneL while the ordinary
steam ngtaes utilise a fir lew'propor
tton." After fjunrestina-' that adeatlata
? -jt -: v -c .rr ' r r .?
"If the result of such an Inquiry were
merely to effect an economy of 1 per
cent in the consumption of coal, this
would mean an annual saving to the coal
consumers of this country of nearly one
and two-thirds million tons, worth at
last j ear's prices about $3,125,000."
There Is hardly cause for the same de
gree of alarm In the United States, or
there are fields of coal In this country
and continent that have not been
touched In 11 commercial sense. Coal
that is used in England would he thrown
away In the United States. Yet there Is
cause for economy. The limit will tie
reached some day, just a Mr. Schwab
prophesies that the Mipply of Uounells-
Me coal is limited.
Efforts hae been made to effect a
sang In the consumption of fuel. Im
prowd lire-boxes hae done goodi New
boilers hae helped to some extent.
There are a tcore of appliances that
make a ton of coal go farther to' day
than three tons a half century ago.
Hoeer. m long 11s more licat Is wast
ed than titllled, scientist) hje a woik
Substitutes for .oal are coming Into
vogue. The oil of Texas Is being used
as fuel. In the harnessing of Niagara
an example of the po&siliillUes In the
water power of the rivers has been
ghon. Out in California the rays of
the sun furnish motive power. And so
on through the list. Yet coal remains
the staple fuel.
THE CITY'S GAIN.
According to the estimates prcpaicd
by expert engineers of the Board of Pub
lic Improvements there Is ccry reason
for Mayor Wells to be encouraged by
the promise of benefit contained in his
movement for municipal ownership of
the lighting plants necessary to St.
Louis's public buildings and city institu
tions. The, figures submitted show the cost
of establishing the plants needed and of
their operation for five jears, the two
Items reaching a total of ?182,M1.S5.
The cost of municipal lighting by con
tract for five years is then submitted,
this amounting to 207,725.00. By this
nuthoritathe showing, therefore, it Is
demonstrated that in five jcars the mu
nicipal ownership of lighting plants
would save to the city the sum of $115,
There seems to be no Insurmountable
obstacle in tho way of the establish
ment of municipal lighting plants, nnd
Mayor Wells Is going forward with the
work In a businesslike manner. He
will Institute this reform in the interest
of economy for tho municipality exactly
as he would profit by a similar oppor
tunity for a saving in the management
of a great business. Ho has made cer
tain that the change will result In finan
cial gain to the city. Uc has assured
himself that It is practicable and de
void of any embarrassing difficulties.' It
is safe to say that with the necessary
co-operation of the Municipal Assembly,
Mayor Wells will bring about municipal
ownership of the plants required for the
city lighting without needless loss of
BLESSED IS UE.
In contrast with tho morbid talk so
common In these latter days concerning
the commercialism of the people of the
United Btates, the arrival of a carload
of orphans at Union Station this week
is a hopeful and welcome sidelight
Each one of the children, all under 4
years of age, will have a home in Mis
souri. And Missouri has room for them,
though the fact is not due to childless
homes, for the naUvo of this State has
followed the scriptural injunction to
multiply and increase, with a devoutness
that has made the commonwealth a raco
of young people.
These fifty-two children come from a
foundling asylum in New York. A year
ago homes were found for an equal num
ber of the babes In Missouri and tho
blessing pronounced upon him who is
kind to "the least of these" has fallen
upon the heads of the husbands and
wives who have opened their storehouse
of affection to the waifs left to the
tender mercies of the world.
It speaks well for the State that homes
have been found for so many children.
The action of the good men and women
who have taken up the work of raising
one or more of the forsaken children Is a
labor of love.
Community of Interests has won again.
Mr. Havemeyer will control the price of
sugar while Mr. Arbuckle will attend to
tho coffee end. Hereafter, a dash of
sugar In a demltasse will have to suf
fice. Now that all the spring lambs have
been sheared, the men In charge of the
"community of Interests" are waiting for
another lot to grow up. And how fast
Excise Commissioner Selbcrt has laid
down a rule for himself as well as for
the saloonkeepers. By enforcing tho
rule, he will show that he has not spoken
After studying the figures relative to
municipal lighting plants, one is forced
to inquire why the city has not been
operating Its own lights for these many
There will probably be little said about
nepotism wheu Honore Palmer appoints
his mother street inspector. Any city
can stand that Bort of nepotism.
In organizing to rid the district be
tween Grand, Jefferson, Laclede and Lo
cust of objectionable places, property
owners should do a thorough job.
Doctor Kennedy seems to have a
knack at creating doubts. Meanwhile
the witnesses are drawing fees at the
expense of New York.
Evidently the baseball season has not
started In Pekln or the Germans would
hardly be going on another expedition
against the Boxers.
With three sick notables on hand, the
life of the 8an Francisco reporter who Is
on "dog-watch" cannot be said to be a
With the park-site bill now a law, the
World's Fair Company has a free field
and a full choice of location.
Albany seems to have passed the ar
bitration stage. Yet how much better
is.peaoe than bullets.
PP11 together on the Charter -Amenrt--
meats. They are for the good of the
THE REPUBLIC: SATURDAY. MAY 18, 1901
BUFFALO'S THEORY OF WHAT BEST
Architect tire nnd Landscapes
With Sports nnd Special Exhi
bitions the Features.
UuiTulo. X. Y., Ma 15 What ioe Hie
ilsltor demand of an exposition? Dots he
want dlsplnjs or fruit nnd flowers, of prod
ucts or the soil, of live stock and pet stock
and poultr), of machines and Implements
for tllllnc the Roll? Does he want dlsplaja
of paintings and drawings and sculptures?
Or Is ho Hatlsfled If he- hate simply a beau
tiful picture o buildings and landscape
surrounding him. beautiful beds of flowers
to scent the air and music to satisfy the
ear, thus combining the gratification of the
dominant senses? Does he want sports,
such as blccle riding, high Jumping .did
At Uurra!o here the tliory lias been tint
the tlsitor Is HallMled with the picture of
building and landscape, with the scent of
lion era and the rjthm and melody of mu
sic and with sports and special exhibitions,
such as blcjcle races and klte-fljing. All
of these exhibition features hate been ue
t eloped at tho Pan-American Exposition to
the greatest possible degree. There Is a big
stadium for sports, band stands at various
parts of the grounds for the music of brass
nanus, a good-sized auditorium for orches
tral and organ music and an excellent
"JIIdwn." Tho authorities of tho Tan
American insist that their theory of whit
tho visitor wants is the correct one. They
hato detlsed a grand picture of buildings
nnd fountains and of land and water ef
fects, to draw the visitor, and they rely
on the music and the sports and tho special
exhibitions to hold him setcral half-dollars'
It Is doubtful whether theso features will
suffice to hold the visitor. Sports and mu
sic he has ulwnj.s with him. lie would not
go muny d-ij 's Journey nor pay many "fifty
ctfntses" to hear the Slxtj-llrst llvglmtnt
Hand of Buffalo, N. y dlscourso music, or
to sco an athlcto clear tho bar at S feet 7
Inches in a running high Jump or "do 10
seconds lint for tho hundred." Tho tlsitor
comes to sco what ho cannot see ut home.
Tho exposition unlternclle or world's fair
has undoubtedly been evolved from the
county agricultural and mechanical fair,
where big red apples and pumpkins and
heads of cabbage aro gathered together
from tho uttermost limit of tho county;
where flno stock, from suckling plg to
blooded Normun draught horses nnd flno
strains of farm ard fowl aro whovrn; tvhero
the. manufacturers of agricultural machin
ery and implements who supply that com
munity send the choicest culling of their
collection of thraalicrs, reapers, mowers,
binders, cultivators and plows; where, In
tho amphitheater, trotting horses and sad
dlers and roadsters aro put through tholr
paces Jor blue, yellow and red ribbons, nnd
ths pecuniary emolument that accompan
ies them; whero all through the livelong
day the "Sllter Cornet Hand" from tho
county seat discourses marches nnd waltzes
and mozourkns, and where popcorn and so
da water give tho sturdy farmer n dark
brown, furry taste In tiio mouth and a leu
son in tho rjitslotogy of digestion.
It may bo a far, far cry from tho county
fair to tho exposition unlvcrsello, but tt Is
no farther than that from monkoy to man,
of which philosophers of tho Darwinian
school speak. It Is a question oven whothor
a specific or generic difference can bo noted
between tho county fair and tho exposition
unlverselle. Tho former appeals moro tpe
clflcally to an agricultural community; the
latter appeals to tho cnttro human race. It
may be said that the horse show and tho
bench show, tho pet-stock show and tha
Paris salon of painters and sculptors arej
variations of tho,sama central Idea, do
vlsed to appeal to, a much more limited
constituency, thantliat to which tho county
fair appeals. The, exposition universale, ns
the French call It; the Wclt-ausstellunir, as
the Germans call it, and the World's Fair,
FINISH THEIR WORK.
Elect Officers and Decide to Take
Part in the Proposed Catho
After completing Its labors by the election
of officers, the Supreme Convention of the
Catholic Knights of America adjourned
sine dl' jestcrday after a four days' ses
sion, thanking the St Louis members for
Supreme President P. 3. O'Connor of Sa
vannah, Go., Supreme Vice President Wil
liam Blakeslee of Hallettsvllle, Tex., and
Supreme Secretary Joseph C Carroll of St,
Louis were re-elected. The office of su
preme treasurer was accorded Charles E.
Hannauer of St. Louis: while that of su
preme trustee was voted to Adam Taeger of
It was suggested by the Committee on Of
ficial Reports that hereafter the committee
be appointed In advance of the contention
In order to give It time for the consideration
of the reports.
A motion that the Knights lend their aid
In tho formation of a federation of Cath
olic societies was adopted. Delegate J. J.
O'Rourke and Edward Iteardon were ap
pointed as a committee to represent the
krlghts at the national conference which
will be held for the purpose of forming the
The proposition to co-operate with other
fraternal orders in the erection of a bulld
lnug at the St. Louts World's Fair was re
ferred to the Missouri State Council. Vice
President Blakeslee 'presented the case of
the Galveston members. A resolution was
adopted that a sura to the amount paid by
the members of the two Galveston branches
to tho widows' and orphans' fund, be appro
priated from the general fund to pay the
claims for assistance.
.Father p.. S. Phelan, editor of the West
ern tt atenman, made a speech favoring the
endowment of a chair of literature at the
Catholic University of Washington, D. c!
A letter from Archbishop Kaln urging the
adoption of the resolution was read. The
SSTSViV??. Wl!? ,1aPteJ d the sum of 30,
OOO will bo solicited.
DISTRICT CONFERENCE ENDS.
Delegates Elected to Attend the
Sedolla. Mo., May 17.-The Clinton Dis
trict Conference of the M. E. Church,
South, which met here Wednesday, ad
journed this afternoon, to meet next year
at Garden City. '
Nearly one hundred delegates attended
S??i,ference- Among the prominent
gergymen were: The Reverend J. H.
Prickett of Nashville, Tenn., and the Rev
cnd W. B. Palmore of St. Louis.
The following delegates were elected to
the annual conference next fall at Marshall;.
H. R. Goodwin. Lucas: C B. Rodes, Sedolla;
Samuel Orr, Lincoln; N, H. Turk, AsrI
Grove; the alternates) being F. P. Bronaugh.
CUnton. and I. M. Grar, Norris. "
A resolution to appoint a Committee on
mperance raised quite a breeze In the
conference, and. it was finally submitted to
residing Elder Joseph King of
The resolution was voted down
Nevada. Tho H.
and an effort made to resurrect it tn the
, . . . committee on jtesoiutions was
A. A. Selkirk Cava ,.
Regular Saturday sale takes plaos every
Saturday morning at 1030 o'clock at their
salesrooms, UU-lS-u Chouteau avenue. Im
mense quantities of furniture, carpets,
stoves, and other inlscellanaotu article an
sold at very- nominal figures.
Kllleel la Hanswray.
REPUBLIC SPECIAL.-, v . .
HarrUotarg,'UL?MaT lT-EIIJah Gibbons.
a'Dromlnent citlsm nt SoUna County, livtnsr
at Union, waa Instantly killed here this
evenlnx'tn a rnnawav. ..
. iUa wast beoaaaa Irightaned by tha trmU
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Small Model for Quadriga, "America Welcomes the Nations," Erected
on Summit of Dome of United Slates Government Building at
ns tho Kngllsh-spcaklng races coll It, should
intcrtiit tlio entire human race.
Tha exposition untvirsclle, to be Ideal,
should show tho uttermoHt proncnl dcvclop
mont In every branch of human activity,
from husbandry to tho flno arts. Theso di
visions aro taki n lr the clasf Iflcrs of most
expositions as th Urmltit of exposition
It Is dilutable whether or not Uuffftlo
made 11 mlslnlco In holillii down tho agri
cultural fenturi's of Us show.
"l'armeni do not travel long dlstnncis to
view an expoltlon," dicluris Henry Marks
Nlcliolls, Mcrclnry to tho trrasurir of tho
Pan-Ami rlcnn Imposition, and tho drxlgnorn
of the l'an-Amcrlcitn seemed to nluiro this
Tho I'an-American has small provision for
. poultry or pel-stock display. Its stock
barns, which as yet tiro itmlt r oci upancy
as start whops, urn of small extent. Its
dairy hunbaudry biillilliiK occupies tho
xrouml floor, punctured with shoring nnit
piling, of a building of 'which tho upper
flimrwii spnclous hall, with fow architectural
dlKilguremcnts In uiwl as a quick-lunch re
sort by tho exposition restaurant conceii
slonalri.. Thn Pan-American Is a great rhow for ar
chitects nnd Hculptors and persons of ar
tistic temperament. It Is not a great show
for tho man who wants to seo the wheels
go round and for tho farmer. On every
hand Is evldi-nco that architects planned the
exposition, nnd that they had a free hnnd,
and no one who darod or cared to say them
Leave tho farmer for awhile and take the
case of tho man who wants to see tho
wheels go round tho man who knows a
well-designed engine and who can appre
ciate the flnlsh and adjustment of a fine bit
Of machinery. What provision did the ar
and ran away,
throwing htm out of the
wason and crushing him beneath the
wheels lie was 72 years of ago and left a
LANDED HER CAPTIVE IN JAIL
Miss Rodgers, State Marshal, Was
Now York. May 17. Magistrate Zelter, In
the West Side Court this evening, commit
ted Llzzlo Robinson, a big negrcss, with a
bad record for giving policemen trouble In
arresting her, to tbo now home at Bedford,
N. Y. Miss Maye D. Rodgers, a State Mar
shal, came down from Bedford tn take the
big colored woman away. Magistrate Zeller
said that Miss Rodzcra would never get her
prisoner to ueaiorn. Tho Robinson woman
has been arrested again and n train as a bad
Tenderloin character. It took three oollco
mon and a patrol wagon to get tho woman
to the station-house Thursday night.
Miss Rodger looked at the big colored
woman and calmly said:
"Oh, she's mine, nnd will be easy."
Tho prisoner looked four times aa heavy
as her keeper, an! as she looked at Miss
Rodgers she grinned.
"Aren't jou a. littlo afraid?" said a court
"Oil. dear, no." replied the little woman
confidently. "I'vo got a revolver, and, be
side". I can call a cab If ant thing hap
Then she walked over to the big nerress,
taking her by tho wrist, and said: .
"Come along, dear." ""
The littlo woman arritcd at the Bedford
Reformatory with her big prisoner In safety
and on time.
PHOTOGRAPHING THE CLERKS.
Chicago Bank Making "A Gallery
to Prevent Rogues."
Chicago, May 17. Employes of the First
National Rank, of which Secretary of the
Treasury Lyman J. Gage la a large owner,
havo been requested to have their pictures
ta.f.en'.. Omclals. clerks and messenger boys
will all line up in front of a camera during
the next fow days. The officials explain
that they want the photographs because
they feel proud of their employes. The pic
tures are to be pasted into, an album and
will comprise what one of tho clerks face
tiously stles "A gallery to pretent rogues."
"Some one has very unkindly likened the
aggregation of photographs to a 'rogues
gallery." " said one of tho officials at the
bank to-day. "But we don't mind taking a
Joke, and there Is no doubt that there Is
some advantage In having reliable pictures
of the emplojcs handy."
TILLER PLEADS GUILTY.
Sentenced, With Edward McDow
ell, for Robbing Mail Boxes.
Cincinnati, O., May 17. Prentice Tiller
and Edward C. McDowell, alias Grant,
pleaded guilty to-day to the charge of rob
bing mall boxen here and were sentenced by
United States Judge Thompson to five and
three years, respectively, at hard labor In
It Is alleged that the men rifled moll boxes
in many cities. They wero arrested at
Omaha several months ago. and while be
ing brought to this city for trial McDowell
escaped from the officers at Chicago, but
was recaptured at Buffalo two weeks ago.
There were witnesses In court to-day from
Omaha, Hastings, Neb., and Dayton and
Both men have criminal records. Tiller, It'
Is said, having- been principal In a 1100,000
express robbery near St, Louis some years
Death of a Xewton Merchant.
Newton, III., May 17. Frank Houchln, a
leading grain merchant and farm Implement
dealer, and recently elected City Alderman,
died this evening at malarial-fever.
He leaves a widow, two sons and a daugh
ter. " Aaetloa Sate-Tals Day.
Diamonds; Watches. Silverware. .Clocks,
Marbles. Bronxca. Art Wares, all new,
choice goods, the combined: stocks ot tne
Merrick, Walsh. 4k Phelps and E. Jaceard
Jewelry Cos. Saks dally. 10 a. m. to p. m.
saoc Jk Jaccar Jewelry Co.
ETMSverT aruc(e guaruieca uj xom -
PLEASES A WORLD'S FAIR VISITOR.
chitect mako for him at the Pan-AmerlcanT
Thoy' designed n. big machinery and trans
portation building, which Inrtnontzfs beau,
tlfully Willi tho "plcturn" of the exposi
tion. Jt U In tho freo renaissance stylo of
nrchltiiutiire, and -not a statue or Inscrip
tion on Its exterior Indicates that It houses
machinery and tritnuportittlon exhibits.
This trlght havo been tolerated had thn
architects In the ronntrucllon of the build
ing kept In iiiltul thn fact that I ho Imlldlmf
was Intendiit to contain intichluin of great
weight, n quiring stcuro foundations. The
building Is on slllts-pllns driven hern nnd
thorn to support the main Ixams and Joists.
A closed rdlar somo ten fiet deep Is un
der tint structure. The flooring Is of ordi
nary nlurr, laid double. For evury machine
of any weight Installed In this building the
flooring had to be tut away and a spnclut
foundation, restlnir on the ground, built up
to support tho engine. For engines of small
er weight shoring had to bn put under the
llonm. Where tho sciuirnto pans of a heavy
machine were moved from thn d'oor to the
placn of Installation the floor had to h
Hhnrcd up temporarily In order to keep It
from yielding under tho weight. There Is
no space within the building for derricks
with which to swing! the heavy machinery
Into place. Log supports had to bo rigged
up to carry tha pulley block;! used in In
stalling the exhibits.
In the waterworks pumphouse at St. Ixrola
a traveling crano Is Installed, by means of
which any part of the building can be
reached In a trice, and heavy sections of
machinery, which otherwise would require
exponslve construction of falsa work and
tho co-operation of many men and much
time In the course of repairs and readjust
ment, can benkandledinT a few .moments.;
With side walls built to support such a
irontrlvanca tha machinery and electrical
DEATH OF AN AGED
Father Fitzpatrick, Secretary to
Archbishop Kain, Succumbs to
Paralysis Funeral Monday.
The Reverend Edward Ignatius Fitzpat
rick, one of the oldest Catholic priests in
St. Louis, and well known In this State
and Wisconsin, died early yesterday morn
ing at St. Mary's Infirmary of a paralytic
stroke, from which he suffered for four
years. He was 68 years old.
Father Fitzpatrick has served in, several
parishes of this' city, and priests from each
parish wttl assist' in -'tha funeral services;
FATHER E. J. FITZPATRICK.
Secretary to Archbishop Kaln, who died of
which will bo held ' at 930 Monday morning
In St. Vincent de Paul's Church. Archbish
op Kaln will offlclato at the requiem mass.
Father Coyle of the Cathedral will he cele
brant. Father Head of the Annunciation
Parish deacon and Father Asmuth of St.
Vincent de Paul's Parish subdeacon. f a
ther Zlegler of, SC Malachy's Parish will
preach the funeral sermon, and Father M.
S. Brennan of 'St, Lawrence O'Toole's Par
ish wilt be master of ceremonies. The mu
sic service will be In charge of Father
James McCabe of Sacred Heart Parish. '
The. pallbearers have not yet been select
ed, but they will be chosen from members
of the conference of St. Vincent de Paul's
Parish. The body will be burled In the
priests' lot In Calvary Cemetery.,
Father Fitzpatrick was born February 13,
JS33, at Hagerstown, Md., and came to this
city In the early forties with his parents.
He was entered at the old St, Louis Uni
versity and was graduated when 17 years
old. He then entered the theologfcal semi
nary at Ste. Genevieve nnd waH.nntaliMd
L February 16, 1ML His first position was as
assisium at au ssnagevs jransn, after
which be was sent to Canada for a short
period. Returning, he was appointed to the
Annunciation Parish and later to St.. Vin
cent de Paul's. He was then sent to the
Diocesan Seminary at .Milwaukee, where he
taught English literature. XiM lost position
was at St. Paul, where' he taught English
literature In Archbishop Ireland's Diocesan
Seminary. For more than, a year he served
as secretary and chancellor- to Archbishop
Kaln in thla city, holding this office after
his retirement from active priesthood.
For' tbo last four. years be 'had-been
troubled with paralysis,! and had. spent.
uiucu- ui u9 umig u, iaiuis,,iivuHr WltM
his niece, Mrs. Eugenia. NeamanvnTerat
No.UC3 South Tenth street.' An agedlli
ter'of, his 'died1-two. weeks 'aao..asd'"two
nieces saa sHwaw icr. .Java xi
Pan-American Authorities Insist
That Strangers Have Neon
Tleased With Programme.
Installation of an exposition could be ac
complished in as short a time as It takes
In real life, and In addition the traveling;
crane would, if access could be given to It
for visitors, be a remarkably attractive ex
hibit In Itself.
If, as Professor Sever, who was one of
the Committee on Classification here, and
who Is now superintendent of tho electricity
division, suggests, tho electricity and ma
chinery buildings were combined Into one
building, making- Its classification or theme
"Power, and Its Development From Animal
Power Through Steam to Electricity' the
building would have to be of a size to make
steel construction necessary, and the side
walls, being of brick and of secure construc
tion, the tratelinjr crane could bo at hand
for all tho heavy Installation work, and
would git o the visitor an Idea of a mod-rn
power and machinery plant in operation.
The eiasslflcatton of Professor Sever seems
entirely logical. Machinery cannot be dis
sociated from Its motive-power. Steam as
a proximate motive power is becoming anti
quated. It Is used now principally to oper
ate devices for producing electricity and
electricity Is the proximate power used.
The classification "Electricity" wai used
at Buffalo, and a special building assigned
to It, from the fact that electricity was
"starred" as an element of the expoamon.
as may be Inferred from the Electrlo Tow
er, which forms tho crowning glory of tha
exposition. Btpam or the water power at
Niagara, which were the ultimata sourca
of the power which blazed forth In the
Electrlo Tower, were comprehended In the
scheme of the architects only by Inference.
Tho mind unaccustomed to the solution of
engineering problems finds the chum left
for Inference too wide to clear at a bound
without tho aid of it guidebook.
The men who produced the Pan-American
Exposition Insist that their theory of expo
sitions Is correct-that Is, that an expoil
tlon should bo a great spectacle, an archi
tectural unit; that visitor do not come to
see long lines of stoves and thrashing ma
chines or groat fragrant heaps of big red
If It I tni that the exposition developed
from the comity fslr. for which every pro
gressive, thinking community finds an an
nual need, ths lhory of those who md
the Pan.Amt-rlenn Exposition is wrong. The
exhlhlta are tha backbone, the framework,
what Architect Carrera calls "the ration
d'etre." of exponltlon- All the person)
who go to a hor show In New fork do
not go to the horse. They go to show
their clothes and to Meet their friends. Hut
behind and abova all thera must ba tha
horses and there must ba Judge) who ya
those horsm critically and talk learnedly
aliout the "liauta eeole." Just so all who
go to churoh ara not actuated by slneara
devotion, but the sincerity must ha there
at thn head. In the minister, or tha congre
gation presently dwindles. Bo, It seem.
with an exposition tne exnimts ara us nnsi
test. The visitor want to know that they
are there, if he only had time to look at,
them. The exhibitors also must fetl that
there Is some extrinslo value In tha gold or
silver or bronse medals awarded aa a re
sult of the "concours." It la so In Paris,
and Paris Is the great exemplar In tha sci
ence of expositions, and. In addition. It
does not yield to Buffalo In art and archi
tecture. Exhibitors point with pride to tha
trophies they have won In such an expo
sition. To sum up, tha visitor at an exposition
does not demand a picture painted with
buildings and grounds. Ha does not de
mand mualo and sports and speclal-exhtbtt
features. He Is delighted to have them, and
If thn picture la on a scale as graad aa that
at Buffalo he will travel mUea to sea It.
but he does not demand It. He demands
the. exhibits, tha backbone of the exposi
tion, and If he does not gat them h la dis
appointed. writer of theological works art aa a re
viewer.' In lata yean be bad written many
criticisms for various Cathollo papers oa
previously written theological works.
SCHOOL OF ORATORY CLOSES.
Diplomas Are Awarded ta Sight
Commencement r exercises of tha tnr
School of Oratory and Draaaatte Art -war
held last evening at S o'clock ia th aadi
torium of the T. M. C. A. baOahss Oraad
and Franklin avenues.
The address to the class) waa ssada by tha
Reverend Doctor C. H. Patton, after which,
tne presentation of the diplomas waa made.
The following- programme was rendered.
Miss Catherine Kenney being tha access?
. Miss Kir Bpstabv
Xeeltatloo-Boy Wanted ...T!T!7T...
ha 1 I
"Jmit or we uuaras. .j...
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b, -.. --? r - "
ww- w-wwun uotv sons.....!
Hedtatloo Ths Telephone Romano......,,.
.... J?'"oion. "
" lshUi.su A aJ A wTKTr eeee.....
affM BT?lfMtwa. -
Ofcoee who received alpJomss an: lOas BUsa.
RULES FOR JUSTICES' COURTS.
New System Arranged With
Mayor Wells's' Consent.
Private Secretary MoConkey, with tha
consent of Mayor Wells, has Instituted new
regulations for the conduct of tha clerical
department of all the Justices of tha Peaca
and Police courts in tha city. Tha chani
Is already in operation la the various
The pmdpa! rule Is that tho clerks of tha
different courts shall transmit daily to Mr"
McCpnkey complete statements of tha pnw
ceedlnga of each day in each court. Ths
report contains the titles of aUce and
their disposition. In its preparation, tha
clerks havo douWa tha work they formerly
.M';.,MeConk"',' ytem is1 not entirely to
the liking of many attaches of the courts.
However, the plan Is expected to have a
tendency to adjust Judicial affairs to Bt.
Louis, and forthat reason the practice Is
likely to be continued. In general, it is in,
line with other methods adopted br Mayor'
Wells to familiarise himself with thotfe
taUs of -an tho departments under his) su
pervision. COMMITTEE DID WOT MEET.
No Progress Made on Temporary
The Conference- Committee of tho Munici
pal Assembly did not meet yesterday and
the temporary appropriation hfll is no
nearer passage than It was a week am
Delegare Burke said last atantlii ha
House that the committee will matt next
Monday afternoon. ". ueas
Denartment offlclils.u 1 ..1, m . -,
ogas. frssa -
plain- over tha Attttlids- SSST by th. A
House ot Delegates, ajd-ts resultant di- .
lay. Some of them say, that thTHomSwfll S 1
os responsiDie. 11 the Mil be delayed iaaea
longer, for Impeding rmbun wOTkTwitEst
money some oF-tSa " feKssrtmenta "rmS
obliged, .officials san tolSsehargs? sntorH
nates and dlsconUaas oneSUonar -unow
-M- wi BJBJ USJ fSAussBsr TMT1 Ilia
comnUtt has neatsJrs to hoMS tb-
,"; ""Wtfam '
uur uouw .nMSliA
- Hedora, nitasar:nrikJfllcTClsalei:a'
cected of knnwlaat SSStUirts9 . "".T
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