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THE REPUBLIC: FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER C, 1901.
B? 3 "-&-
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC
PUBLISHERS:. GEORGE XNAPP
Charles W. Knapp. PraaMant ana Oan. Mgr.
Qorx U Alton. Tie R"
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Editorial Rterpt!an-Room....Park At
FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 6. 1901.
Vol. W.., No. a
WORLD'S- 903 - FAIR.
THE CUP IX DAXGER.
With Shamrock II now lu American
waters and In fine condition to sail for
the Cup, an exceptional interest attached
to the final test races between Constitu
tion nnd the successful Columbia, yes
terday selected as defender.
Loyal Americans will naturally feel
apprehension as well as interest. The
situation is not reassuring.
j." Columbia, it is true, is a better boat
' than when she successfully , held the Cup
in J 899, and, judging from yesterday's
decision, probably faster than Constitu
tion. But Shamrock II is far and away
'the best boat.tbat has ever come across
the water to strive for the Cup and
we'll need a mighty swift craft 10 keep
her from -winning it.
It Is just as well to face the facts. The
America's. Cup is In greater danger this
year than ever before. We bare been
teaching the Britishers many "things
-about the building and racing of yachts.
They hove profited by- the teaching.
Their profit may mean our loss of the
Cup. Remember this We have now
held the Cup for half a century and It's
a' long lane that has no turning.
With the opening of the public schools
teachers will begin the teaching again
of the one .lesson that children never
learn until they are out of school.- The
. lesson is short, but a hard one.
Briefly, it Is the fact that no one suf
' fers front the shirking of school studies
'"-'excepting the puglL If quick-witted
Johnny discovers that he can "pass" by
- skimming over his. dally task, the teach
er will not be the. one fooled. If lazy
Susan manages to slide through the
.monthly examination, the teacher does
not get the worst of the proposition.
Johnny and Susan may think that they
are cute, but they are not. They are
the ones who will find that they have
traded poor -work for poor returns. They
. will find after a while that the teacher
- actually did not figure In the problem.
They will " discover thaf while they
thought they were "working" the teach
er they were being "worked" by them
selves. - Improved charts, diversified courses of
study.and new-fangled ideas of pedagogy
bare not changed this lesson since the
time that Adam and; Eve got it into their
heads that "they were fooling the owner
. of Eden. The boy or girl who learns
The' lesson will be the one at .the head.
..of bis class. la' after life lie may be
- assured that he will stand as high
among his fellows in business or pro
fession. GETTING IX SHAPE.
Chief Klely described snappy state of
.affairs in the work of his department
when be recently said that there has not
"been a time in the last twenty-five years.
when St. Louis bad so few burglaries,
robberies and hold-ups.
As' one of the preliminary steps to
ward puttlng'thla city in shape for the
-World's Fair this comparative Immunity
from crime la noteworthy.
' Many things hare contributed, Chief
Klely explains, to bring "about this re
suit During tbe'past two or three years
-some of the worst criminals have been
sent to the Penitentiary with exemplary
sentences. "This cutting off of the chief
instigators and perpetrators of evil' has
bad the Inevitable effect of lessening
recruits to the world of graft.
The strict surveillance kept over the
pawnshops and secondhand stores
'makes it-difficult far thieves to dispose
of their plunder. Keepers of "fences"
have been sent to Jeffefson City for long
: terms. The new system of Informing
the police of absences from the city dur-
. Ing the summer months has prevented
the wholesale gutting of bouses.
- This work of an adequate police force,
together with the co-operation of Judges
sitting In the two criminal divisions of
the Circuit Court, has made St. Louis a
relatively safe city. "It is a happy
augury for 1000. It Is badnews for the
criminals who. may be anticipating in
. the World's Fair an excellent field for
. their operations.
-: HARD TO CHANGE.
"- - There are difficulties In the way of
-' , changing the date of the presidential in
auguration. The advocates in Wsshlng
' ton will' nave to overcome them before
- the plan can come to a successful issue.
" March 4 Is proverbially rainy. "The
thousands who throng' to the Capitol at
' - . that tiate saally seethe ceremonies in
'.-- the midst of a 'drizzle .that takes the
-'' v - spirit out of the occasion. Many deaths
j.' r-'baTe resultedvfrom the exposure. Often
; '".r the' incoming President has read bis ad;
, .; dress while the rain poured on his bared
' -Tiead. .- " '
r - Tfet,,H this condition la.to be. changed,
;PtJT: liebeW apart from the. tkklng'iir the
iW-.. ' oth- -Jf, for Instance, ike date to made
teste .-'- -iV--ri .. r-T . i. .
si J- -9Usf uwww wiusaTc 10 ue iuea in
Ifegt?- v- Otherwise, two CoBsfltatlonai amenl-
iimfnuVmust'be'aop. Tnst tastru-
, WF-C m ' fl tthat jMtch President shall
tir-jzup, " " yXf? mM 4 - - vi -- i
i i ' iiiMisi auiir
F&smSJggB&g&ZX. .5 , sz
years." Likewise the Constitution pro
vides that the Congressional term of of
fice shall be two years. There is no way
In which these can be lengthened by two
months except through the adoption of
Under these condltlons.lt appears that
the only Improvement that can be made
will be In having a private Inauguration
March 4 and public ceremonies on the
later date. T3veu then, the outgoing
President might be absent. Congress
would ordinarily be adjourned. At best,
the parade and the elaborate formalities
would seeni somewhat hollow. Practical
difficulties seem to assure a continuance
or the present Inauguration date, un
pleasant as the weather usually Is iu
Mls&ourians who see tit to rote the
Democratic ticket and steadfastly main
tain their allegiance to lite principles
upon which the United States tioveru
nient was established quite naturally re
sent the abuse heaped upon them by the
tilobe-Deniocrut because or their Democ
racy. It Is not exactly fair for the (Jlobe to
herald these Missourians to l lie world as
filled with "sodden political prejudices."
or to charge that they are "deadened to
all sense of good government and polit
ical falrneiss," or to assert that they "re
joice when elections are stolen." or to
declare that they "look upon financial
discrepancies as proof of party smart
ness," or to state that they "teek only
Democratic success, and have uo
scruples as to the meaus by which it is
Missourians are patient and forbear
ing folk, but this kind of insolent black
guarding is calculated to exhaust their
patience and terminate their forbear
ance. For many years now the Globe-Democrat
has indulged itself iu this habit of
vilification of the people of Its own
State. It does not seem able to live
down its strange hatred of Missouri and
of the people of Missouri. Its editorial
billingsgate leveled at Missouri is fre
quent and as bitter as the Globe knows
how to make it. There Is no. greater
pleasure possible to the Globe than to
find its editorial attacks on Missouri
quoted in the newspapers of other States
as proving Missouri's worthlessness and
degradation. The Globe will Ignore n.
truth of credit to Missouri any time in
order to publish instead a falsehood of
It is not so long ago that the Globe
was proclaiming as truth the He that
Missouri had gone to protest on its State
warrants. It Is now' as groundlessly con
tending that the School Fund of Mis
souri has been looted and that the State
funds of Missouri have been embezzled
or made away with In some other mys
terious manner. Of course, this is all
Globe-Democrat malice, but part of the
outside world believes it to le the truth.
The Globe-Democrat Is in the nature of
a calamity to Missouri.
It is great to be in the midst of things.
It Is worth while to be in trouble If you
have plenty of neighbors In the same fix.
Kansas appreciates its geographical
position by bobbing up serenely from
any sort of discouragement. As the
State of extremes, Kansas holds the
palm. That Is why the world considers
It a first-class barometer.
So it Is no surprise to hear that Kan
sas contemplates happy times around
the farmhouse baseburner this winter!
In the current number of the Review of
Reviews, Professor Frank W. Blackmar
cites a few facts that were forgotten
while the drought reports were being
sent out. Though this year's drought is
the worst since 1800, Kausas is not com
plaining. Yet the loss has been serious, for In
stead of the 134,000,000 bushels of corn
of 1800, this year's crop will not ex
ceed 50,000,000 bushels. Other forage
crops have also suffered in correspond
ing measure. Yet Secretary of ' State
Coburn estimates that Kansas has 40,
000,000 bushels of old corn in crib. Not
only that, but the railroads and Kansas
are on friendly terms; so much so that
Vice President Paul Morton of the Santa
Fe has announced that "if there is corn
to be had anywhere wc will be glad to
haul It into Kansas at reduced rates to
provide feed for live stock."
Last year the live stock Industry net
ted Kansas about $67,000,000. In the
banks are about $70,000,000. The old
mortgages are" all paid. This year's
wheat -crop will bring $60,000,000 on the
farm, or over $8,000,000 more than In
the banner year of 1900. All together
Professor Blackmar estimates the value
of farm products in Kansas at $145,000,
000, about $9,000,000 more than in the
banner year of 1807. ,
This material wealth Is not the only
source of strength in the present condi
tion of Kansas. Being always where It
can be seen, the State is either "in the
dnnps" or in the seventh heaven. The
realization that Kansas is bo much bet
ter off than was anticipated during July
has made the people believe that they
and the nation arc prosperous. They
have, confidence in themselves and in
the State. This combined with the "ac
tual wealth on hand makes the .future
Superintendent Soldan reports, after
having visited the. St. Louis schools fol
lowing their opening for the term of
1901-02, that be found everything in
satisfactory condition and that the
schools have never started with a better
promise of a successful year.
This Is most encouragingvto the par
ents of St Louis school children, and
to all thropghtful folk Interested In the
cat.se. of education. The public schools
of a great city represent the typical
form of education In a free and self
governing country. Their proper main
tenance, their adequacy, for the. 'great
task devolving upon tbem, the organiza
tion of their official forces, are matters
of the most vital Importance. '
Superintendent Bobbin's Informal re
port Is also-an additional, proof of the
value of the services being rendered by
the present School Board. The faithful
Bt Loulssns composing -this board have"
brought the public schools of 8t Louis
to the highest point of effleieney known
li -'their, history. ItilS. evident that they
propose .to .maintain the high .standard
ssiaousneo. cat goes witoout say-1 inooauii aiscreoit upon bun? i
'"' -r--z '."----"-:- vS-J'r. ,-!r ""', -'.--
ing that they will have the moral sup
port of the community in their excellent
It has been beveral months since the
Globe-Democrat began 'Its discussion of
Missouri's finances. In that time no
prominent Republican or man of affairs
lias cared to volunteer as an ally of the
This Is a hirange thing In n political
crusade. As having a bearing on the
general trend of the situation, the Globe
might add force to its assertions by
showing that public opinion believes the
charge". It might luqulie of tile bankers
or tills city. Republicans preferred, what
they think of th alter.
The Republic suggests that definite an
swers beta-cured to tin; following definite
What is the animus of the Globe's
Do you believe that Missouri has Inst
n cent by "discrepancies" alleged by the
What do .you think of a paper that
makes chaws, which, if untrue, nvc, a
Slander on Missouri; ami refuses to look
into their accuracy?
Do you think that the Stale debt has
been paid off in n business-like manner?
What do you think of the Globe's re
fusal to investigate the books after being
asked to do so?
Do you think that a paper Is worthy
of credence which Hist claims that it
takes ?7 to pay ?1 of debt nnd then
comes down to ?2 for ?1 of debt?
Have you heard of a business man
who believes the Globe's charges of dis
crepancies? What do you think of the Globe's
Isn't it rotten?
When the Globe-Democrat mentions
looted school funds It never remembers
that Missouri distributed to the schools
$100,000 more this year than last year.
The Republican organ grudges saying
anything good of Missouri.
It might be well for the Globe-Democrat
to get up a list of prominent Re
publican bankers iu St. Louis who be
lieve that the officers of Missouri have
been guilty of embezzlement through a
long course of years.
When claiming that there Is a dis
crepancy of a million or so in a State
.fund uccouut, the Giobc-Democrat has
tens to add that It accuses no one of
embezzlement. This has all the ear
marks of cowardice.
It is disgraceful enough to be either
ignorant or brazen; and when the Globe
Democrat combines both of these quali
ties in Its efforts to traduce Missouri it
applies for a job under police super
vision. There will be the most diversified con
gress of religions, habitations, costumes,
colors,- industries and tribes in the
World's Fair that the world bas ever
seen. It will be the ethnological ex
Secretary Ellis of the State Board of
Agriculture believes that Missouri River
farmers will diversify their crops beret
after. If that is doue the drought will
not have been such a calamity.
There are several arithmetics that
teach addition and subtraction. It
would pay the Globe-Democrat to In
vestigate their merits before discussing
the finances of Missouri.
Another Illinois man has become dis
gusted with Governor Yates's political
actions and thrown up his appointment.
That is one Way of preserving his polit
Unfortunately for the Sultan of Tur
key, the concert part of the European
programme seems to be ended. The
Sultan never could compete against
Missouri Democracy desires no better
campaign literature than is contained In
a. comparative showing of Democratic
and Republican public service In Mis
souri. Republicans are offering to compare
Missouri finances In 1865-1871 with tiie
present condition. Well, well. As a
political game this looks like a come
on. St. Louis bas tied $.17,000,000 to the
first stake driven in tlte World's Fair
site. Inasmuch as that Is only the nest
egg, the stake is necessarily a strong
Chief Kiely thinks that St. Louis Is a
mighty good place in which to live.
What Is more, be intends to keep it so
through the time of the World's Fair.
The men in charge of the World's Fair
have had to undo no mistakes! That
alone marks the Louisiana Purchase
Celebration as a world-beater.
A surpassing educational exhibit at the
World's Fair is demanded by the same
enlightening spirit which calls for a
complete ethnological display.
St. Louis has excellent reason to be
proud of its prosperous public schools
and of the School Board to whom credit
for this prosperity is due.
Mayor Wells's fine physical condition
after bis Eastern holiday suggests the
thought that he's in" excellent trim to
tackle the House combine.
' Columbia will again defend' the
America's Cup and all Americans hope
she may be a two-time winner against
the two-time Shamrock.
Missourians will believe no Soft Bill
accusation of an embezzling discrepancy
until something better than an "if"
prefaces the charge.
Roosevelt's presidential wirepulling In
the West and Hanna's in the East leave
things mighty hopeless-looking for other
If Roosevelt can keep Republican
politics stirring this way during vaca
tion, what won't be do wben the Senate
is in session? -
. . . j
. , t -
Why does not .'the Globe-Democrat
identify its expert accountant and throw
ST. LOUISANS RETURNING
FROM THE SUMMER RESORTS.
sWaMw' -"" - , 3tK
Photographed b Studio GranJ.
MISS ELSIE FORD,
Of Sf. Louis, who is receiving many social attentions at Cobnrg,
Mr. and JIm. A. C. Maroney and dauirh
tere have returned. afte,r two months'
travel In the East. They came home by
nay of Buffalo.
Mrs. K. U Turner, daughter of Colonel
E. L. McFall of No. 328 Pine Ftreet, and
Mr. Archibald E. Cawan of St. Loula were
married yesterday afternoon at 3 o'clock at
the home of the bride. No. 3121 f-awton ave
nue. Only the Immediate relatives of the
bride and bridegroom were present- After
a dinner. Mr. and Mrs. Cawan departed for
a trip through the East. They wilt live In
The Misses Clara and Nettle Norrall. Ida
Bayer, Clara lung. Cella Kecke, Emma
Parbey and Miss ' Koblnson have returned
from a trip of six weeks In the East.
Doctor and Mrs. O. C Raines. No. 2033
Bell avenue, departed on Wednesday for a
visit In New York.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Lempertz have
returned from a trip abroad.
John David Davis will return on Satur
day from Jamestown. Mrs., Davis and the
family do not expect to turn -neat ward un
til late September.
Mrs. Adolph E. Moll and her two children
have returned from a trip through the
Southwest. They have spent the last two
weeks at the Cedars at Lebanon, Mo.
Mr. and Mrs. .K. N. Horwltz, No. 46K
Cook avenue, who have been visiting the
Buffalp exposition and Marquette, MIcTl.,
are now at Petoskey. where they will re
main until September 15.
The Mlssen Eva Robblns and Gertrude
Watson of Red Lodge. Mont., spent Satur
day In the city, the guests of Miss Kathryne
Long of Gamble street. They departed on
sn evening train for Klrksvllle, Mo., where
they will attend school.
Judge and Mrs. John A. Talty have re
turned, after spending July and August at
Atlantic City and Asbury Park, and visit
ing the exposition at Buffalo on their way
Mrs. J. Oilman Miller and two children
of St. Louis are among the week's arrivals
-at Narragansett Pier.
Mrs. FVank Loscuale, wife of the Rever
end Frank Lonsdale, lias returned from
Colorado, where she has spent the summer
with her parents.
Mrs. D. E. Garrison, Jr., and her chil
dren, who have been on the Eastern coast
all summer, are now at Swampscott. Mass.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Karris have gone
East and will visit at Narragansett for a
fortnight before going to New York.
MISS HITK'S SURPRISE PARTY.
MI'S Elsie Hlte was surprised by several
of her young friends on Wednesday even
ing. Among the guests who enjoyed a
period of dancing and sociability were:
May Blong. Clara Strltter,
Tltla Beard. Shirley Vogel.
May Atkinson, Mantle Beard.
John Blong. Lymann needier,
John Dunn. Ade Bcecher.
QllFTTE HAMMOM1 WEDDIVR.
Mr. William H. Qulnettc, formerly of St.
J. H. KAISER DIES IN NEW YORK.
Former Resident of Jefferson City
Well Known to Politicians.
Jefferson City, .Mo . Sept. 5. Word has
been received here from New. York of the
death of J. H. Kaiser, former manager of
the Madison House In this city. He Is step
brother to Vic and Charles Kaiser, clerks
at Sladlson. The dead was 40 years- old and
married, and 1 well known to many Mis
souri politicians. Particulars of his death
have not been learned.
MRS. DORA EI.LEX RUTHERFORD.
Fort Smith, Ark-. Sept. 6. Mrs. Dora
Lllen Rutherford died last night, agea 33
years' She wa a native of this county, a
daughter of ex-Patrolman A. E. Paden of
Sturgeon, Mo., Sept. B. William Blakely.
a fanner, died at his home near Sturgeon,
aged C years. '
T. J. CHAPMAJf.
Alto Pass, HI., Sept. 5. Now wis re
ceived here to-day of the. death of T. J.
Chapman, which occurred at his father's
home In lulu, yesterday, H ws prominent
in business and social circles here for many
years, and: for a while was connected with
the.Halltday Milling Company at Cairo.
MAHIOX COUSTY FIOXEE DIES.
BaJem. 111., Bcpt. 6. William Ray, aged 75
years, one of the oldest settlers of Marlon
County, died at hu farm home In Raccoon
Township,, south of here, this morning.
SUCCUMB TO HER tlMVaUBS.
iminiMniipmit. ' - '
Centralis, lit, Sept.-4-Mrs. Fannie M.J
Stetson, aged 9. years, died this morning
ftom tb effects of a fall. n whleb her hip
was rrsctareo. Her relatives are XetcaU
Liuls, now of Fort SHI. Ok., and Miss
Blanche C. Hammond were married on
Tuesday at the residence or the bride's
Miss Grace Hammond, sister of the bride.
was maid of honor, and the bridegroom's
brother, Mr. J. I Quinette, ncted as best
Mr. Quinette Is a son of the late Oliver
Quinette, who was prominently connected
with many of the early enterprises of the
city. For several years he has been In
business In Fort Sill with Captain F. R.
Rice. The bride Is the second daughter of
Chaplain and Mrs. Brant C. Hammond.
Mr. and Mrs. Quinette will lour the East,
and before returning to Fort Sill will visit
the bridegroom's mother. Mrs. Oliver
Quinette. No. 4462 Morgan street. At pres
ent Mr. and Mrs. Quinette are being enter
tained by Captain and Mrs. F. R. Rice at
their summer home, St. Clair, Mich.
MR. AD MRS. TODE ETERTAIX.
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Tobe of the North
Side gave a musical and dance last
Wednesday evening In honor of the tenth,
anniversary of their wedding. Miss Winnie
Kellty arranged the event. The early part
of the evening was devoted to vocal and
Instrumental music, after which supper
was served, followed by dancing.
Among those In attendance were:
Edward Cr j ner,
AIDIECE AT DEI.MAR GARDES.
"Olivette" and the lingering warm nights
have alike been responsible for Urge au
diences all the week nt Dclmar Garden.
On Monday and Tuesday the crowd was
sprinkled with fashionables, who are be
ginning to make their reappearance in town,
sunburned and tanned after a summer's
Colonel Peugnet came out with his daugh
ter, Mlsa Marie Peugnet, who has Just re
turned from the East.
Mr. and Mrs. Duthell Cabanne. who never
miss a Monday night, had Mrs. Ernest
Southweill with them In the front row.
Walter Taylor. Tudor Wilkinson and lev
eral men were together near the front.
Philip Scanlan brought a party of four
Mr. nnd Mr. Thomas Scott and Mrs.
John Scott were with friends In the par
quet. Mr. nnd Mn. Clarence White drove out
In their high trap, with two ladles.
Thomas Francis had a party of friends
with him In the front row.
Charlie Scudder, who Is recovering from
a sprained ankle, came with friends, but
was obliged to sit still or else hobble pain
fully about most of the evening.
Hamilton Handlan escorted a pretty visit
ing girl, and Clarence Aid brought a South
Doctor Flttman of Webster had some su
burbanites with him.
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Stewart sat on the left
of the front parquet.
and Frank Clark, who are now engaged In
buslt ess In the Philippine Island.
CAPTAIJS FRANCIS A. TAYLOR.
Salem, III., Sept. B. Captain Francis aJ
Taylor, aged 81 years, one of the leading
farmers and stock dealers of this county,
died at his home near Alma this morning.
He was a veteran of the CK11 War.
DECIDING UPON NEW DANCES.
Masters Now in Session Will Make
New York. Sept. 5. The new dances for
the winter wiy be determined before the end
of the weekby the American Society of
Professors of Dancing, who are In session
In this city. Exemplifies of dancing to the
number of sixty-eight are here from all
parts of the country. The following officer
have been chosen: A. B.' Bournlque of Chi
cago, president; R. v. Blray of Milwaukee,
vice president; P. B. Carpenter of Provi
dence, secretary, and T. A. Holland of
Qulncy, Mass., treasurer. Adolph Newber
ger of New Tork wa selected as director.
The sessions wilLcontlnue until Saturday.
. PREACHER ARRESTED.
Two Women Lay Claim to Him as
Butler, Mo., Septi 5. The Reverend 8. P.
Stack, a Baptist minister, was brought here
"to-day and placed hi jail. He was arrested
t PlnevlUe, Mo- He married . last June
Miss Lena Hen, daughter of apromlnent
farmer here. A woman from Nebraska,
claiming to oe bis wire, learning uiwi
rtage, cams here and caused; hit arrest.
NATION'S CHIEF EXECUTIVE
GUEST AT THE PAN-AMERICAN.
President and Mrs. McKinley Greeted by a Throng That Filled the
Exposition Grounds Party Royally Welcomed at the Build
ings of All Countries The Presi
MRS. M'KINLEY CHARMINGLY ENTERTAINED BY WOMEN.
Buffalo. X. T., Septv5. President's Day at
the Pan-American-Expjsltlon ran its courw
under very auspicious condition and was
attended with every circumstance in keep
ing with Its high Import. President Mc
Kinley, with Mrs. McKinley by his side.
and surrounded by eminent persons of high
official rank in the service of thin and for
eign countries, faced a vast throng of peo
ple In the esplanade at noon to-day and de
livered an address that brought forth the
thunderous applause of the multitude.
Never before has such a crowd gathered
within the exposition grounds. The people
were packed in the esplanade to the point
of suffocation and overflowed down the
court of fountains and to the vacant spaces
In front of the Government buildings at th;
right and the horticultural building to the
Aoxloas tu See tfc Prealilcn:.-
A detail of police kept the .rowil back
from the sidewalk In front of the home of
Mr. Mllburn. In D-l-tware avenuu win re
the President stopped, but thoie most cjfr
to catch a glimpse of the President and
Mrs. McKinley Indiscriminately Invaded tfce
beautiful lawns of tlie .idjolninr residences,
and some even went so fir as 10 climn up
on the verandas.
The President and Mrs. McKinley, who
walked unassisted, omcra:d r.t 10 o'clock.
A great burst of cheers greeted them,
which the President acknowledged by bow
ing and raising his hat. The Presllerit and
Mrs. McKinley entered Hit 'lrst carriage
and Mr. Mllburn. president of the exposi
tion, nnd Mrs. William Hamlin cf the
Board of Women Managers, the second.
At the entrance to the Exposition grounds
the President was met by detachments c
the United State Marines, and the Sea
coast Artlllcrv, and the SIxty-flfth and Seventy-fourth
N. G. S. N. Y. regiments. A
President's salute of twenty-one guns was
fired. The President was at once escorted
to the stand erected in the esplanade, where
probably the greatest crowd ever assembled
there greeted him with ringing cheers. The
vast assemblage overflowed to the Court or
Fountains. In the atand on each side of
the President were seated many distin
guished men and women, among them rep
resentatives of most of the South American
There was almost absolute quiet when
President Mllburn arose and Introduced the
President as follows:
"Ladies and Gentlemen The President.
The great audience then broke out with a
mighty cheer, which continued as President
McKinley arose, and It was some minutes
before he was able to proceed.
The Presldeat'ai Addreae.
President McKinley spoke In part as fol
"The Pan-American Exposition has done
Its work thoroughly, presenting In Its ex
hibits evidences of the highest jsklll and
Illustrating the progress of the human
family in the Western Hemisphere. This
portion of the earth has no cause for hu
miliation for the part it has performed In
the march of civilization. It has not ac
complished everything; far from it. It has
simply done Its best-and without vanity
or boastfulness, and recognizing the mani
fold achievements of others. It Invites the
friendly rivalry of all the Powers in the
peaceful pursuits of trade and commerce
and will co-operate with all In advancing
the highest and best interests of humanity.
World- Is Xof Lrse.
"After all, how near one to the other 1sn
even' Prt of the world. Modern Inventions
have brought Into close relation widely
separated peoples and wade them better
acquainted. Geographic and political divi
sions will continue to exist, but distances
have been effaced. Swift ships and fast
trains are becoming cosmopolitan. They in
vade fields which a few years ago were Im
penetrable. The world's producu are ex
changed as never before, and with increas-
ine transportation lacmuca i ,......
ng knowledge and trade. Prices are fixed
with mathematical precision by supply and
demand. The world's selling prices are
regulated by market and crop reports, we
travel greater distances in a shorter space
of time and with more ease than was
ever dreamed of by the fathers.
"Isolation is no longer possible or desira
ble The "same Important news Is read,
though In different languages, the same day
In all Christendom. The telegraph keeps us
advised of what Is occurring everywhere
Snd the press foreshadows, with more or
less accuracy, the plana and purposes of
he naon?. Market price, of Products and
Of securities are hourly known In. every
commercial mart, and the Investments of
the people extend beyond their own national
.... into the remotest parts of the
earth. Vast transactions are conducted and
International exchanfces are made by the
tick of the cable. Every event of Interest
is immediately bulletined. The quick gath
ering and transmission of news, like rapid
transit, are of recent origin, and are only
made possible by the genius or the Inventor
and the courage of the Investor.
Orowtb of Ceattary.
"At the beginning of the Nineteenth Cen.
tury there was not a mile of steam railroad
on the globe. Now there are enough miles
to make Its circuit many times. Then there
was not a tine of electric telegraph; now we
have a vast mileage traversing all lands
and all seas. God and man have linked the
nations together. No nation can longer be
indifferent to any other. And as we are
brought more and more In touch with each
other the less occasion Is there for misun
derstandings and the stronger-the disposi
tion when wo have differences to adjust
them In the court of arbitration, which is
the noblest forum for the settlement of in
Shareholders In Great Enterprise.
"We have a vast and Intricate business
built up through years of toll and strug
gle, In which every part of the countrv
has Its atake, which will not permit of
either neglect or of undue semsnness. 2to
narrow, sordid policy will subserve It. Tni
greatest skill and wisdom on the part of
the manufacturers and producers will be
required to hold and Increase It. Our In
dustrial enterprises, which have grown to
such great proportions, affect the homes
and occupations of the people and the wel
fare of the country. Our capacity to pro
hiim has developed so enormously and our
nroducts have so multiplied that the problem
of more marceis requires wur urgent anq.
"Only a broad and enlightened policy will
keep what we have. No other policy will
get more. In these times of marvelous bus
iness energy and gain we ought to be look
ing to the future, strengthening the weak'
places In our Industrial and commercial sys
tems, that we may be ready for any storm
Expamalon' of Coaaaaeree IaaeratlTC
"The period of excluslveness la past." The
expansion of our trade and commerce Is
the pressing problem. ' Commercial wars
are unprofitable. A policy of good will and
friendly trade relations will prevent repri
sals. Reciprocity treaties are In harmony
with the spirit of the times; measures of
retaliation are not.- ,.
"If perchance some of our" tariffs are no
longer needed for revenue or to encourage
and protect our Industries at home, why
should they not he employed to extend and
promote our markets abroad? Then, too, we
have-Inadequate steamship service. New
lines of steamers have already been put In
commission between the Paclflc Coast ports
of the United States and thora on the west
ern coasts of Mexico and. Central and South
Saatk Ataertrtm Testate.
These should be followed up 'with direct
st i ship . lines between the, eastern coast
el ths United State aad South Aawrtcsn
ports. One of the needs of the times Is direct
commercial lines from our vast fields of
production to the fields of consumption that
we have but barely touched. Next In advan
tage to having the thing to sell is to havo
the convenience to carry It to the buyer.
Wc must encourage our merchant marine.
We must have more ships. They must be
under the American flag, built and manned
and on nnd by Americans.
"We must build the Isthmian canal, which
will unite the two oceans and give a
Ttral!7ht lino nt -w-ifo fnmmimlrmlnn trftti
J the western coasts of Central and South
America and Mexico. The construction of a
Pacific cable cannot be longer postponed.
Frnlta of the Exposition.
"Who can tell the new thoughts that have
b;en awakened, the ambitions fired and the
high achievements that will be wrought
through this exposition?
"Gentlemen, let us ever remember that our
interest la In concord, not conflict, and that
our real eminence rests In the victories of
peace, not those of war. We hope that all
who are represented here may be moved
to higher and nobler effort for their own
and the world's good, and that out of this
city may come, not only greater commerce
and trade for us all, but. more essential
than these, relations of mutual respect, con
fidence and friendship which will deepen
and endure. Our earnest prayer is that God
will graciously vouchsafe prosperity, happi
ness and peace to all our neighbors, and like
blessings to all the peoples and Powers of
An Impromptu Reception.
Upon the conclusion of bis address a
large number of people broke through the
lines around the stand and the President
held- an Impromptu reception for fifteen
minutes, shaking hands with thousands.
The carriages were then brought to the
steps of the stand and the President, ac
companied by the Diplomatic Corps and spe
cially Invited guests, were taken to the
stadium. When the President arrived there)
at 11:15 that structure was crowded to the
last inch of standing room. The troops
stood at attention while the President, ac
companied by Colonel Chapln and the of
ficers In command, reviewed them. Cheer
after cheer from the vast assemblage greet
ed the Chief Executive as he walked from
one end of the tribune to the other and
back to the stand.
Mrs. "McKinley left that stand at the con
clusion of the speechmaking and was
taken to the woman's building, where she
was entertained by the women managers.
A committee representing the States hav
irg exhibits in the Horticulture building
presented Mrs. McKinley with two baskets
of fruit, the choicest of the fine exhibits
in that structure.
Tonr of the Balldlnars.
From the stadium the President proceed
ed to the Canadian building, where he was
met by the Canadian Commissioners and
viewed the Canadian exhibits. He next vis
ited the Agricultural building, where he
was met by such foreign Commissioners as
have .no buildings of their own. but have
exhibits in that building. From the Agri
cultural building he visited in order the
buildings of Honduras, Cuba, Chile, Mexico,
Dominican Republic, Porto Rico and Ee
tador, where he was received by the Com
missioners of the respective countries.
At the Argentine exhibit in the Agricul
ture building, the President was presented
with -a- largo: bouquet. or.American Beauty
rcse.s.and he. with Secretary of Agriculture
Wilson and the Commissioners of the Twin
American Countries and Canada, posed for
a group photograph.
The presidential party arrived at the Nfcw
York State building at 1 o'cl ck.-where he
rested for half an hour. At 1:30 the Cblef
Executive's 3)0 guests. Including' the diplo
matic corps, a member of the Cabinet.
Judges, officers and other prominent men,
sat down to an Informal luncheon.
Shook Hand With. Hobaost.
An incident that brought forth a ripple
of applause occurred while President Mc
Kinley was making the rounds through the
main Government building. He had passed
one of the navy exhibits when suddenly
he noticed Captain Hobson standing- at "at
tention." Halting, he turned, and walking
briskly over to the hero of the Merrunac
grasped him cordially by the hand and
chatted with him. for a few minutes.
At the conclusion of the reception, the
President and the members of his party
again entered their carriages and were
taken to the home of Mr. Mllburn In Dela-.
The President visited the grounds agalsj
this evening to witness the fireworks, re
turning to the house at 9 o'clock. To-mer-row
tho President and about 100 lnvltsi
guests will visit Niagara Falls.
IS NOW PROBABLE.
General Opinion Is That the War
ring Factions Hare Reached
Pittsburg. Pa., Sept. 6. The prevailing1
opinion in Pittsburg. to-night is that the '
great steel strike Is practically settled, but
absolutely nothing positive can be learned
from either side to the controversy.
The day was spent with the Amalgamated)
Advisory Board in secret conference behind
doors that were guarded closer than ever
When the final adjournment for the day
came", at about 630 p. m.. those who had
been inside the headquarters refused to say
When the meeting was over It was learned
for the first time that President Shaffer
had not been with his colleagues at ths
afternoon session, and his whereabouts uri
to 11 o'clock to-night are unknown.' Sec
retary Williams also disappeared shortly
after adjournment, and he, too, cannot bo
It Is the belief of those who are famnias
with the strike proceedings throughout that
the two gentlemen have started upon an
other unannounced and mysterious visit to
.New York. It is believed that. the morning
session of the Advisory Board must have
decided upon a plan by which President' -Shaffer
could go to New York and complete)
the arrangement for peace which It Is sup
posed was started by the conference' yes .
terday between the steel magnates and ths
presidents of the several trades unions.
TRAILING TRAIN ROBBERS.
Newspaper Man Finds the First
Texarkana.- Ark., Sept. 5. The six: men
Who robbed the Cotton Belt train at Eylau
Tuesday night are still at. large. The
bloodhounds which were taken to the" scene
were of no service, as the trail was dead.
The trail of the robbers, however, was,
struck fay W, H. Ward, a Texarkana news
paper man and member of the Sheriff's
posse. Ward was accompanied by -Yard-master
Taylor of the Cotton Belt - : -News
reaches here' to-night that' the agent
at Red Water. aeven.tnl!es beknr the scene.
of the robbery, shot a ma-who Is believed
to be one of the bandit-. Ths entlnr imte.tr
is swaxmmg wun pincers woo are"
down every clew.! . - - '
.-. - --.l
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