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ir:,,,.; '-ipa--v vjv'----- y -v-" 3-,IV-''"- .w- v -- AA " v, '-"i" ' ' " ' ",- s'Z . A THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC. WOIR, LID'S 1903 FAIB. NINETi'-FOUBTH YEAR. ST. LOUIS. MO., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1901. fin St. Loals One Ceat. T? T fl T?. On Trains, Three Cents . IVXVJionUWeSt.loiiii.Tnol Cents. Ceat "" J'.,... -. I m u- fits. B.', I TCS - SIKnV Zt ' -s Jiil THE TURK: "THIS IS NEW YORK CAMPAIGN WILL CLOSE MONDAY. .Anti-Tammany Forces Are Claim ing That Low Will Be Elected by 50,000 Majority. CR0KER IS CALMLY CONFIDENT Payjj Bhepard Will Have 2Cot Less .-Tian-rao.iWO -Majority Several. J BiglJets Were Placed Yesterday. REPUBLIC SPECIAL. New York, Nov. 1. Tammany and the fuslonlsts are working with desperate en ergy In the closing days of the campaign, and the leaders on both sides are confident of -victory. Republican and Citizens' Union leaders unite In declaring that Seth Low will win with 50.000 votes to spare, while Richard Crbker, through his political Intimates, In sists that Edward M. ShepaVd will hare 33,000 plurality. The campaign will prac tically close to-morrow night, although a few meetings will be held on Monday night, the ev of election day. Judge Jerome's sensational charges and retraction of the charges against Senator rlatt have not done the fusion cause any godd, and Jerome has lessened his own chances cf election considerably. The lead ers cf the anti-Tammany forces to-day re ceived numerous contributions from their women allies and from wealthy members of the Citizens' Union. CroUer Very Confident. It was stated by a gentleman well quali fied to speak, that the Metropolitan Street Railway Company had contributed $100,000 to the fusion campaign fund, and that the meeting between Senator Piatt. William C. Whitney. Thcmas Ryan and Mr. Vreeland on Wednesday afternoon, which aroused the suspicions of Judge Jerome and led him to accuse Senator Piatt of conspiring to defeat, him, was In reality for the purpose ct enlisting Mr. Whitney's financial aid In the cause of the Citizens' Union, it being a well-knoVn fact that the Metropolitan Street Railway Is not anxious to engender the hostility of either party, and It being customary ;to contribute liberally to both campaign funds At Tammany Hall. Mr. Croker and his lieutenants were In fine fettle and laughed and Joked with each other. The spirit of confidence manifested was remarkable. Fusionlsts, however, were not disturbed by the representatives of Jubilation In Tammany Hall. The anti-Tammany lead er asserted that It was forced mirth, like that of "a man whistling In a graveyard to keep up als courage." netjfO.000 to a 11,000 on Shepard. "Day" Johnson, a well-known turf jdungct, said to-night that he tried to place 1B.000 fn Shepard In Wall street to-day at the prevailing odds, but was unable to find a taker. Johnson offered the entire com mlsslonUo George Wheelock. a bookmaker, but WhWlock would take only JlLOuO, lay ing thalamount against $9,900. Ucorga Consldlne has a rtanding offer to bet tJOO It even money that Shepard will be lavoiltr Wi Tuesday. PreXllInu- Odds Were 8 to lO. Comparltlvely little betting was done In Wall strelt to-day on thecomlng mayoralty contest, low always had the call, being a 30-to-9 farlte. Several wagers were placei by Tammmy men at 8 to 10. In several In stances bfckcrs of Shepard asked 10 to T, but Low ilvlsers refused to lay the price. Lt-veral Tinmany betting men who havo placed blrfbcmmisslon on Shepard to-day hedged thei money on Low. On a bate cf 10 to 9. F. G. Lawrence laid 2,000 ol Low against J1.S00 on Shorard, laid by fchnson. Jt. W. Gilford got on JSTO ugalnstl JL0O0. The Low end of the i wcger was ten by a syndicate. I Clinbea of CoIonUlnjr. The Citlxenl Union offered WO.flOO In sum ranging ircmtM) to flO.000 for each convic tion In cniesW illegal voting. Superintend McCullagh of the Stata Koard of Eleiions charges that there has bevii much colViizing. and. backed by Gov erncrOdell. ha notified the police, through Jommu loner AirPhy. that the llleiml no of tA J "anchftchiust be prevented, and de niaMMr sifflcldt aid to prevent fraud at tl.cpi. 'i i ir TD'SsgiiifrTTXwra i .'r,y.wmi?f-:-,-.fr.'':vi;w-.X' MY FAVORITE PLACE SULTAN PREPARES AGAINST ATTACK, Orders Defenses Strengthened, Hnrliors Mined and Troops Mobilized. FRENCH FLEET ON ITS WAY. Admiral Gaillard Has an Aug mented, Force, and- Is Expected Not to Turn Hack. Paris, Nov. 1. "The Sultan has ordered the completion, with all speed,, of the de fenses at Salonica. Smyrna, andjthe en trance to the Dardanelles," says the Con stantinople correspondent of the Echo de Paris. "Submarine mines will be placed and troops will mobilize at points where ills embarkations are likely. "A violent anti-French feeling prevails and fears are felt for the French residents In Turkish cities. Constantinople ex cepted." GAIIXAKIl IIKADKD FOR TlUKl'.V. Paris, Nov. 1. The Incorrect announce ment from Toulon of the return of Admiral Galllard's division, which created a great rensatlon, emanated from the corre spondent of a well-known news agency. The explanation Is that Admiral Malgret, commander of the Mediterranean fleet, re turned to Toulon at 7 o'clock yesterday evening with all his vessels except those be longing to Admiral Galllard's division. HIS SPECIAL .S0.LI)HO. The correspondent of the news agency re ferred to miscounted the vessels, owing to the darkness. A corrected list of Admiral Galllard's ships Is now published. The list cabled yes terday was that of his ordinary light di vision, but it appears that a special squad ron was formed, composed of the battle ships Gaulols and Charlemajfne, the cruisers Admiral Pothaua, Chanzey and Galilee, and two torpedo boat destroyers of the Halla barde type. "CO-EDS" IN MALE ATTIRE. Sex Revealed at Police Station After a Halloween Lark. Rnrunuc special. Chicago. Nov 1. Two "co-eds" of the Northwestern University, clad In natty dress suits and high silk hats and wearing false mustaches, masqueraded through Evanston last night in celebration of Hal loween. The young -women cleverly concealed their Identity by hurling flour In the faces of furious spectators. They din not hesitate to play any of the pranks ordinarily con fined to the masculine sex on Halloween. Gates nere removed, door bells left minus their handles, and windows bombarded with stones. Finally residents sent for the police, who arrested the disturbers, and were greatly surprised when they revealed their sex. Thy were turned over to the university au thorities. TO B0YC0TT.AMERICAN GOODS. British Paper Prophesies a Huge Continental Combine. London, Nov. 1. The Spectator; discuss ing the continued agitation In Central fcu- ropc against the United States, will say to-, morrow: "There Is In fact real danger. If the Conservative parties on the Contlnent,whlch Include the agrarians, clericals and abso lutists and the vast mass of the peas ant)', should achieve a temporary triumph, a grand effort will be made t" boycott the United States and the Argentine Republic as a -protection for vital Interests threat ened by their competition. "Although the movement will pass, and probably the hatred with It, the common Interests of England and America will tend to drive all who speak English and sell and buy food freely Into a, single defensive T0UP." S? .. - i FOR SMOKING." LEADING TOPICS TO-DAY'S REPUBLIC AVBATHKR INDICATIONS. For St. I.ouU mid Vlclnll) Contln niMl fulr weather with stationary temperature to-da- and Smulny. For Mlsnourl Increasing: cloudiness Saturday) showers and cooler San day; southerly winds. For Illinois Fair Saturday. Sunday, fair In southern, showers and cooler In northern portluns; Increasing southerly winds. For Arknnsns Fair Saturday nnd Sunday, except showers In northwest portions Sunday! easterly winds. For Texas Fair Ju southern, show ers In northern portions Snturday and Sundnyj fresh east to south winds. Page. 1. Three More Deaths From Antitoxin. Brigands Insist on Last Farthing. 3. Last Witness to lie Called Monday. Major Casey to Succeed Captain llurr In St. Louis. AVar Against Lazy Men. 4. Golf Gossip. Jeffries Conflder.t. Entries and Selections. C. The East Side. Four Football Games -for Local Grid Iron. 6. Editorial. Worker for World's Fair In South America. 7. Literary Gossip. 5. Church News and Announcements. 9. Gowns for I.ate Autumn. Trade Handicapped by Scarcity of Cars. 12. Summary of St. Louis Markets. Easier Feeling In Chicago Grain Pit. Bull Movement In Local Securities. 11. Rooms for Rent and Real Estate Ad vertisements. 10. Republic "Want" Advertisements. Birth. Marriage and Death Keiordi. New Corporations. 13. Wall Street Financial News. Weekly Bank Clearings. River Brevities. 11. Rain Is Needed. Church Trial Calls Him From Germany. Stranger Paid Visit to Homes of Jurors. New Buildings at State University. Hope to Be Ordered to Philippines. BRIGANDS INSIST ON LAST FARTHING. Miss Stone's Abductors Declare 25,000 Pounds Must Be Paid or She Will Be Tut to Death. Constantinople. Nov. 1. Early to-day the negotiations with the cantors of Miss Ellen M. Stone, the American missionary, were said to be going on so successfully that her release seemed to be only a matter or a few daya So far as there being any confirma tion of the rumors of her death, circulating In the Bulgarian border districts. It is said here that another letter, written two days ago, has been received from her. Later In the day. however, the case of Miss Stone again became more serious. The brigands, it appears, are still holding out for the 23,000 ransom, and It Is feared that should they perrist In their demand Miss Stone will have to be sacrificed. Neverthe less, the negotiations are stilt proceeding. Anxiety prevails this evening at the United States Ligation, where there has been an active exchange of telegrams be tween Secretary Spencer Eddy and various points. Mr. Eddy to-day had a leng confer ence with Sir Nicholas It. O'Conor, the British Ambassador here, who Is actively apsIsUng In the efforts to bring about Miss Stone's release. RANCHERS KILLED BY YAQUIS. Report From Sonora of Massacre of Thirty Persons. EI Paso. Tex., Nov. 1. Reports from the State of Sonora, Mexico, reached here this afternoon to the effect that Yaqul Indians attacked Mexican ranchers near Onaios, killed thirty persons and escaped to tho mountains. Trooaa m In sunult. MANY BRITISH MEN AND OFFICERS SLAIN BY BOER FORCES. Several Oflioers Killed or Wound ed, Fifty-Four Men Slain and 100 Wounded. COMMANDING COLONEL FELL Disaster to English Soldiers One of the Worst of the Entire Campaign. BATTLE AT CLOSE QUARTERS. Maintained WithiDcleiuiiiiatioii hy Both Sides ?oer Troops Said to Hffve Lost Heavilv. London, Nov. 3. Lord Kitchener has re ported tD the War Ofllce a serious disaster to the British near Bethel, Eastern Trans vaal, In which two guns were lost, sev eral officers killed or wounded, and fifty four men Killed and 1G0 wounded. The following is the iext of Lord Kitch ener's dispatch, dated Pretoria, Nov. 1: "I have Just heard of a severe attack made on the rear guard of Colonel Benson'H column when about twenty miles north west of Bethel, near Brokenlaagte, during a thick mist. "The strength of the enemy lx reported to have been 1,000. They rushed two guns with the rear guard, but It Is uncertain whether they were able to remove them. "I fear casualties were ieavy. Colonel Benson was wounded, but not seriously. A relieving column will reach him this morn ing." Long I.lst of Casualties. Ijtter Lord Kitchener telegraphed as fol lows: "Colonel Barlow, who marched from the constabulary line yesterday, reached Ben eon's column early this morning (Friday) supposed. He reports that Colonel Ben son died of his wounds. "The other casualties are a9 fallows: "Kllled-Colonel E. Guinness. Major F. D. Murray. Captains M. W. Lindsay and F. T. Thorold, Lieutenants E. V. I. Brook and R. E. Shepherd, ind-Second Lieutenant A. J. Corlett. "Died of hl.i wounds Captain Eyre Lloud." Lord Kitchener then gives the nams of thirteen other officers wounded, most of them severely, and announces that fifty-four noncommissioned officers and men were killed and 100 wounded, adding that four of the latter have since died of their wounds. Fought at Close Quarters. The dispatch then says: "I assume that the two guns have been recovered, and the enemy has withdrawn, but I have no further detail-.. "I deeply regret the loss of Colonel Ben son and the other officers and men who fell with him. In Benson the service loses a most gallant and capable officer, who In variably led his column with marked suc cess and Judgment. "The fighting was at very close quarters and maintained with determination by both sides. The enemy suffered heavily, but I ha-e not yet received a reliable estimate. "The Boers retired east." coi.om'.l nnxso.vs nncottu. London, Nov. 3. Colonel Benson had been for some time operating In the vicinity of Bethel, which Is northeast of Stanarth. He surprised a Boer laager October 32 near TrlchaTdsfonteln. taking thirty-seven pris oners. Three days later, according to Lord Kitchener'n report at the time, after a long night march, commandoes under Grobelaar and Erasmus "heavily attacked Benson's rear guard and flanks at Tzavontalne, but were easily driven away." Whether this was the attack which re sulted so disastrously, or whether the Boers who had been repulsed took advantage of the mist to renew the attack. Is still unex plained. Lord Kitchener does not give the date of the Bethel engagement. DREAM WARNING OF IMPENDING TRAGEDY. Fiancee of Brakeman Killed nad Premonition of His Death Took Out Insurance. REPUBLIC SPECIAL Terre Hiute. Ind.. Nov. 1. Miss Nettle Palmeter, a school teacher of this city, who was to have been married next Thursday night to John E. Ellabarger, the Vandaila brakeman killed last night at Judson. Ind.. says she had a dream three months ago that Ellabarger was killed In a wreck, and that Fred Black and Louis Cook, two of his friends, told her of the accident. She told this to Ellabarger, and he took out $2,200 life Insurance In her favor a month ago. The dream weighed on both of their minds. At midnight last night It was Fred Black and Louis Cook who came to her house and broke the news to her. LI HUNG CHANG IS VERY ILL Chinese Statesman Has Had Hemorrhages for Two Days. Pekln, Nov. L LI Hung Chang's physi cians to-night pronounced his condition grave. Ke has had hemorrhages for two days. His death would probably affect the nego tiation as to Manchuria, which he hag been conducting with M. Paul Lesser, Russian Minister to Cfeiuju THREE MORE DEATHS RESULT FROM Physicians Labor Hard to Counteract Deadly Work of Supposed Diphtheria Preventive Supplied by the City nealtii Depart ment Instances Where Xo Harm Came of the Treatment Are Frequent. CHILDREN UNDER INFLUENCE OF ANTI-TETANUS SERUM. Wk-' s tIl'lssnk- ', Mv 14'- -:,f V irf$9lLll3cim. " "? - L ! I- $&mimFWk m y u -. MP& I JB $& ssi i msUsssssss) J S 1 sTL-i . snsnasssssssS m ?. B5. prVttJstasskBaaBwasnacassBsssssssss x!- T ' B Iff " OBHbTtMbssssssssssB J'ii'A' ; 'M& -; la fiitiipi - ,-fl stsB'i Em ' Tmw 'Pt: --' -I JHiallWIiBl MB H1! M? l ii V PSSsBnaaaBsnaflssssssssssss! P3 Miiii ife5fiif JfifHsaBsHsftBsHsBsBB .MiBsssW flHHjHB , ....... ...... nr a Republic Photographer. .TIM, TIIK WHITE HOUSE WHO FCRXISIIED MOST OF THE SEHIWI USED IX THE IMtEI'AItATIOX OF DIl'lITHEIMA ANTITOXIN. Tliye children died yesterday after treat ment with diphtheria antitoxin supplied by the city. One suffered from tetanus (lock jaw). The others, th.ir physician says, showed no rympt-ins of that malady. Eight other children are now suffering fiom, tetanus, following treatment with city antitoxin. In two capes death is expected momentarily. The rest may recover. Physicians all over the city are deeply lnteres-ted In the progress of the investiga tion Into the direct causes of the death of tho-e children on whose bultes autopsies were held Thursday. Whether It can be shown that the tetanus was due to any bacillus In the antitoxin or to the presence of tetanln (the specific poison produced by the tetanus bacilli) In the diphtheria serum Is a question that Is causing careful re search on the part of every physician who has time to devote to that wcrk and deep concern to the entire profession. 8RHIM GIVEN" THE CIIILUKEX KILI.S A GUINEA PIG. Doctor It. C. Harrl-t of No. 1303 North Garrison avenue, two of' whose patients died.of tetanus after Injections or city anti toxin, began a, bacteriological examination of the remainder of the serum, which he had obtained from the Health Department. In the laboratory of the Baptist Hospital, assisted by physicians of the hospital staff. They reported yesterday that a guinea pig. which had been Inoculated Wednesday, de veloped symptoms of tetanus jesterday morning and died before noon. This was considered proof that the serum contained either tetanus bacilli, or the toxin produced by the bacilli. Cultures of the serum were also made and they are expected to settle this pclnl. The three bacteriologists, acting under the direction of the Coroner, were busy yester day with the work of Investigating the te tanus cases. They expect no definite re sults for several days. Several of the physicians who obtained antitoxin from the city since September 10, the date on which the suspected serum was first distributed, were asked yesterday what results they had observed. In almost everv case except those already reported the antitoxin was said to have had the usual effect. Doctor It. C Atkinson of No. 3002 Ijifiyette avenue said that his only diphtheria patient, a son of Officer James O'Neill, recovered from his attack of diph theria readily after the Injection of clty antltoxin. But u little later the lad's Joints began to swell nnd other unusual and un favorable symptoms appeared. Though five weeks have elapsed since the boy's 111 ntss began he Is still very slcl:. FEW CASES RKI'OUTIin WITH 0 FATAL HESl'I.TS. Doctor T. J. Busscll of No. UZI North Grand avenue used city antitoxin on two patients about September 17, with good re sults. No symptoms of tetanus appeared. Doctor Howard Carter obtained some of the antitoxin on October U, bu returned It unused. Doctor J. II. Tannuary of No. 330 Belt avenue used the serum on two patients with no bad results. Doctor J. H. Hoff man of No. 311 line street used the scrum In the treatment of two cases with "perfect results." Doctor John O. Lewright of No. 3X0 East Grand avenue used the serum on two pa tients with satisfactory effect. His part ner, Harry L. Whltener. reported one case of tetanus following the use of the city antitoxin. Two other children In the same family were treated vzith Immunizing doses of the antitoxin, but they have not yet de veloped tetanus. Doctor Whltener having used the tetanus antitoxin as soon as he heard of the danger that threatened. Doctor II. Brook of No. lil9 North Ninth street, two of whose diphtheria patients died from other causes, raid that he had Injected the city diphtheria antitoxin Into ! his own children with no bad effects. He had also Injected the tetanus antitoxin. An examination of the records of the bacteriological laboratory in the offices of the City Chemist shows that from October 12 to October SO the number of calls for diphtheria antitoxin was far above the normal. Several physicians called several times for the serum and each time obtained not only enough fot the patient suffering from diphtheria, but enough to Immunize other children of the family who might hate been exposed. In every case the physician has been supplied by the Health Department with tetanus antitoxin, to be used wherever a child may be In danger of an attack of lockjaw. From September 10 to September 23, when the supply of the suspected scrum was exhausted, forty-seven physicians ob tained one or more doses on at least one oc casion. DOCTOIt CHAPMAN'S FAITH I.N ANTITOXIN UNSHAKEN. 'The really gravest danger now Is that people will become afraid to permit the use bf antitoxin." said Doctor II. N. Chapman of the Board of Health. "Beyond the Fhadow of a doubt, antitoxin has saved hundreds of lives in this city, and when properly pre pared, is one of tho safest things that anjv physician can use. There Is no more dan ger from antitoxin than from1, any drug prescribed by a physician." Agnes Adele Kccnan, 7 years old, of No. SS19 Con! avenue, who died yesterday morning from tetanus, following treatment with diphtheria antitoxin to ward off the disease, was "tho sixth child lit the city, to' EFFECTS OF INFECTED ANTITOXIN. die In that way. Her lister, Veronica Kee nan, died at the City Hospital last Satur day undei similar clrcum'tcnces. ":ct -. Keenar ased 11. and Mamie Kee nan. IV years old. the surviving children of the family, are suffering from the same nu.lt dy, and their recovery Is not expected. JIary Hammerman, No. 1113 North Eighth street: Flora Fuerst, of No. 1W7 Francis street. Amanda Schlegel of No. 2911 Natural Bridge road, and Nettle Goldstein. Seventh and O'Fallon streets, were reported yester day as offering from tetanus. In each care treatment has already l?en begun with anti-tetanus serum, and recovery of some of the patlentH Is expected. Frnnk Novak. 3 years old. No. 1213 North Seventlr street, and Ettle Simon. S years old. No. 1213 North Ninth street, died yes terday from a complication of mjladio, fol lowing an attack of diphtheria. They were treated by Doctor H. Brook with diphtheria antitoxin, but, the physician gays, they de- eloped no symptoms of tetrnus. CIIII.il THAT HF.CKIVniJ FOLK OKUINAIIV IJOSKS. Doctor F. J Dletz of No. 3117 Meramec street said last night that he had treated one patient with the suspected diphtheria antitoxin. This was Paula Sehr of No. 2311 Meramec street. On October 15 forty -cubic centimeters cf the serum, for ordinary doses, were Injected. Recovery from diph theria was rapid and the child grew entirely well. Later she went out of doors without the knowledge of her parents and was ex posed to unfavorable weather. She be came 111 from capillar' bronchitis, which caused her death on October 21. Doctor Dletz Is positive that absolutely no symp toms of tetanus were shown, and that the serum was not In any measure a remote cause of death. Doctor Phil. Scholz of No. S3OT North Klevcnth street said that he had used city antitoxin only once recently. The patient was moribund when he was called, he said, and the Injection of the antitoxin had no apparent effect, death following In a short time. He said that the patient was entirely beyond human aid when the serum was ad ministered. OPERATION ON BRAIN TO FlflllT TKTANT8. The most modern method to combat te tanus known to physicians u delicate op eration tin the brain was tried yesterday afternoon at the City Hospital In the case of Flora Fuerst, S years old, of No. 1167 Francis street. The little girl had fallen victim to the Infected diphtheria antitoxin. Two weeks ago she became sick, and injections of the city's antitoxin were administered by Doc tor II. C. Dalton. Thursday symptoms of lockjaw developed, and by yesterday the case was thought to be hopeless. The child was removed to the hospital for the purpose, and Doctor Nletert. superin tendent of the Institution, performed the operation. He treplned the left side of the head above and slightly back of the ear. He then cut down one Inch through the gray matter of the brain to the ventricle of the brain, a sac which is one of the centers of circulation In the brain. Into the ventricle he Injected 19 centimeters of tetanus antitoxin. The theory Is that the poisonous toxin of tetanus thrown off by the germs of the disease attacks the nerve centers. The antitoxin Is used to combat the effect of this toxin. If the antitoxin Is Introduced directly among the nerve centers, say the scientists, it tirotects the most vulnerable spots from the poison. HOW ANTITOXIN IS PRODUCED. Obtained From Diphtheria Germs Work Done at Poor Farm. The process of producing antitoxin Is a tedious and elaborate one. but very Inter esting In Its details. Skillfully prepared, it was, according to the theory of bacteriolo gists and physicians, simply a harmless remedy for diphtheria, produced from the virulent germs of diphtheria itself. Just as the vaccine virus Is used to counteract the poison of smallpox. In the cultivation of vaccine virus, cows are used as the medium for producing the counteractive agent, and In the cultivation of antitoxin horses are used. The horse must be strong, healthy, vigorous and used to hard work. Thorough breds are uselers for the purpose. Out at the antitoxin farm, oh the Poor house grounds, are four horses which have been used by Doctor Amand Ravold for the purpose, a w hlte nnd a bay, formerly In the ambulance service, and a white and a bay from the Fire Department. These furnished all the serum, the basis of the antitoxin, which has been used In the city. Doctor Ravold first prepared his "toxin." which Is th poison of the diphtheria bacil lus, in the City Chemist's laboratory. This toxin Is obtained originally from the throat of a diphtheritic patient, or It can be cultivated artificially by a process known only to bacteriologists. This toxin was treated with tricresol, then heated and fil tered when cool. To ascertain its virulence small quantities were Injected Into guinea pigs. Its effect on the animals was care fully recorded, and If the toxin was of suf ficient virulence. It was then used on the horses at the farm. Four or five drops of this poisonous toxin Is sufficient to kill any horse except these In the best physical condition. The horse selected was placed In a pen In the yarJ. the hair shaved away from Just behind his shouiderblade. the skin washed with soap ana a cartxmc sciu solution and n Inicc- I tlon of the toxin made In the vein beneath I Iho skin. Tvn rirnnji waa thn ttital . J ,jose. This' usually raised the animal's tern-' CASES IN' WHICH CITV A.VTITOXI.V WAS tSED. DEAD. Agnes Adele Keenan, 7 years old. No. 3SI9 Cozens avenue, tetanus. Frank .Novak. 3 years old. No. 1213 North Seventh street. Inflammation of the slottls. Ettle Simon. S years old. No. 1213 North Ninth street, pleurisy. SBmOCSLY ILL FROM TETANUS. Mary Kamme'inan. Z years old. No. 1113 North Eighth street. Chester Keenar.. 11 years old. No. 2S43 Cozens avenue. Mamie Keenan, 10 years old. No. 3S19 Cozens avenue. Frank Baker, 2 years old. No. MO North Garrison avenue. Ike Stein, 4 years old. City Hospi tal. Flora Fuer't. S years old. No. 1467 Francis street. Amanda Schlegel, 10 years old. No. 2911 Natural Bridge road. Three-year-old daughter of M. Gold stein. Seventh nnd O'Fallon streets. THKATKII WITH CITV ANTI TOXIN. The following children are some of thos? who have been treated with diphtheria antitoxin supplied by the city since Septemler 10. but who have not developed any symptoms of te tanus: Son of Officer James O'Neill. No. 2CC5 Scott avenue. Joseph Farbsteln. No. 711 Wash street. Myrtle Wilkinson. No. ITS Sarah street. Bertha KInealy. No. 2SSJ Benton street. Mary Ernest. No. 810 North Jeffer son avenue. Thomas Hlgglns. 11 years old, and three smaller children of the Higgles family. No. 39S7 St. Ferdinand avenue. Four children of the Schlegel fam ily. No. 2911 Natural Bridge road. Two children of Doctor H. Brock, ' . No. 1219 North Ninth street a TKTANr.K GERM UEVEI.OPX IN ONE TO THREE WEEKS The tetanus bacillus, that micro- organism which produces the poison which In turn causes lockjaw. Is able to multiply only where oxygen Is entirely excluded. That is why It may develop In a wound which has apparently hf.aled. From one to three weeks Is the ' time usually required for the bacillus ' to produce symptoms of tetanus after It has been Introduced Into the body ', of any animal. If the poison created by the bacillus were Introduced Into the blood It la 4 believed that its effect would be shown much more quickly. In no case Is danger apprehended later than three weeks after the ex- posure to possible Infection. ! perature to about 101 or 102 degrees and, made him deathly sick. The effects usually" wore away n tthinJour . days, .and at-tbs end of a week a larger dose was given. These injections. In Increasing quantities up to 200 or 300 drops, were given weekly for from two to four months., at which time the horse was ready to be bled. The blood was drawn from the big jugu lar vein In the neck, and from six to ten quarts were taken at each letting; and placed In glass Jan. The wound was stitch ed up and the hore turned out. The blood was placed In Ice chests and aljowed to clot. The clotting squeezes a water- substance from the b'.ood, which lsv called the "serum." The serum Is poured off. tricresol Is added to. It. and the mix-,, ture is allowed to stand several days to, "ripen," after which It Is filtered. t Experiment has proven what amount of , the poisonous diphtheria toxin Is a fatal' dose for guinea pigs. Ten times this amount was then mixed with a definite quantity of the filtered serum, and this mixture was administered to the pigs to ascertain what, amount of serum would keep the pigs from dying. When this was ascertained, ten times that amount of serum was called one antitoxin unit. The number of antitoxin units In one cubic centimeter (one ounce), was then calculated, and the serum labeled. I'pon the label was noted the date of bleed ing and the number of units to the cubic centimeter. Before being distributed this serum was again filtered, put Into small sterile bottles, each containing an ounce, corked with a sterile cork, and labeled with the date of the bleeding and the number of, units to the bottle. This was the antitoxin used by phytlclans to counteract the rava-'' ges of diphtheria In a patient and effect a cure. At the antitoxin farm there are at pres- ent four horses Bill and Frank, bays, and Sam and Jim. grays. Jim and BUI are newv arrivals from the Fire Department, having been sent there three weeks ago. Frank, has been In service a year and a half, and' Sam since last spring. There Is another' occupant of the farm. "Agulnaldo," who' has never been bled. Sam and Frank, to- gether with the. "late lamented" Jim, who; caused all the recent trouble by eon'ractlnt;, tetanus, have furnished all the .mUtoxln t-sed In the city In the last eighteen month! The horses are In charge of Peter Kratz.? one of the Poorhouse employes. f Doctor H. C Dalton reported last night, that Flora Fuers of No. 14S7 Francis street to whom he had administered the city's antitoxin on October 21. developed symp-5-toms of tetanus yesterday. The child la S years old. CAMERA FIENDS RESPONSIBLE.' V Hoosevelt Excludes Public From m White House Grounds. RKPUBLIC SPECIAL. Washington, Nov. 1. Camera fiends are! responsible for an order. Issued by direction of President Roosevelt, closing the grounds' In the rear of the White House to the?, public i The grounds have been opened, half arf hour In the morning and evening, and at lunch time, for the benefit .of perros who use that route crossing from the Stat Department to Pennsylvania avenue. PerJ sons taking advantage of the privilege have of late frequently approached tho Executive Mansion to watch the President mount his horse and start on his ride or look at the children at "play, and many have gone so far as to ask the latter to pose before their camnras. The President has forbidden his chUdren to comply with, such requests. Declining to accept a re fusal, the camera fiends have followed th? children about the grounds, endeavoring to snap them. This procedure has become such a nuisance that It was decided to close the grounds except on each Saturday dar ing the summer, when the Marine Band will give a concert. New Ameer Issues .Amnesty Decree. Simla, Nov. 1 The Ameer of Afghanistan Hablbullah Khan, has caused to be spread broadcast a proclamation Informing all Af ghans who have fled from their country be cause of extortion, oppression or fear of ar rest on false charges that they can return safely, and that lands confiscated from them will be restored: that loans will be advanced for Improvements, .and that a year's iaads will be remitted. . ' S-Tii il ! Ssi I M .? . s -OfrV j isSfci: Wa J.-0 ---la. - -- ' :'