Newspaper Page Text
THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JANUARY 5, 1902.
THE SCIENTIFIC SIDE OF TRUNK-PACKING. "VflSS HELEN LORD, Prima Donna Soprano, Tells How to pOWNS of the Most Expensive Material Will Not Be Crushed J or Soiled if They Are Properly Folded.' m x o m s L,-L rut lhings Away tor Long-JJistance l raveling, ot x M XN-RITTBV run THE SUNDAY HEPUBMC It li i probablv occurred to f w women tint tin- hmnelj wntk of picking a trunk Y ,- ! srlpntinr- side Hut it I true tint thTf art' .1 lut of wie little kn.uki bv i h if .ne know., of limn, one can avoid i i .f tin- iliM-omturtv and .innoMtnce t' . (i uallx . hnracterlze the .le .lge hOU'-e-Wifi' S O' i J-i'Mlal Jvl lit'. M . llfltii r.tird. who will be teen hero f. i with 1't.nk U.inltl- in the ptima don :a - 'le of Mir Slmp.i:lt. superlnierd te pa-k'ng 1 v hei maid of g:wns of the i .-t expoi.-te nialfrlal thiuiirhout the. cuuipanVa nafoii on tour, and she has w itcn an urilclf" of ndicu foi the women reitlers of The Republic, in which she sets fun a s-ome r tin- things she liai learned' a' it thi' rilit waj to pack a trunk. lt MISS HELEN" LORD. The woman who packs her ttunk only once or twl'-" a jear en tha occai'on of .1 trip to the- seashore or u. visit with some distant relatives usually thinks it's fun while she's doing It. but when she leaches the other end of her lourney and finds the contents of a bottle of toilet water soaking its way throush her wardrobe and the bod lco of her bust evening gown crushed all out of slnpe sho is rather apt to wish that aha had sone about it les in a spirit of fun and with moro of an idea of trunk packing ci an exact science But with stage women It's very different. TVe practically live in our trunks for forty weks out of every fifty-two, and one of the first things we learn Is the scientific lit tle trick of stowing things away for travl no that when they are unpaged they are as M bbbbbbbbbbbehbbb s?. -r 1 A wMHBHiBsiKaB?tBBBBBH m - M wBW(-TTSEt3R?2BBK-i!Pi jJIbhbsbSKj. . BBBHBBBKBzSi?'vr-totijta ft V BBBBBBBBBBBBBbBBBBBbbt . -"T .1 i i viBBBBBBSBBBSSwt1 iBBBBBBbbB k M itL KTil'Tim'Tf TBffSKT t .jHMxlHBBu' & vlPvYbHK ftMk23E& u cood as new. To ba curs, it is less of a problem nowadays than It must havo been before the trunkmakers Invented trays and separate boxes for hats. But all the trays nd boxes in the world won't keep things from going wrong in tho hands of Mr. Bag cage Smasher, If they ara not properly packed. The important thins: about packing a skirt YOUMNG ALPHONSO HANDLES WEAPONS WITH DEXTERITY. How Spain's Boy Sovereign Spends His Time Always Rises Early and Delights in Military Exercises Plays Tennis on Holidays Now a Healthy, Well- Grown Youth. 2cUi ORTtiponSeaoa ef Tt Sunday Republlo. Madrid, Dec. lt-Alfonso XIII Is Just now one of the most Interesting sovereigns of Europe. His youth, for all the world won ders what he will make of his future; his history, which, may be said to- havo -begun rlth the tragedy of his father's death, and the dancers and difficulties besetting a long rcsrnoy flJl these things have combined to jnaite the event of his coming of age a point of partlonlar prominence and interest. Owing; to the great care with which his mother, the Queen Regent, has surrounded him, he baa grown from a delicate child into a healthy, well-grown youth, full of life and vigor. At San Sebastian, where tha Spanish royal family habitually pass the summer, I frequently saw him. lie Is above the average height, and well built; he has a fresh complexion, sightly bronzed, and hla eyes are brown, bright and expressive; ha has curly, auburn hair, and his features tre good, with s slightly prominent under lip. All together, with his manly looks and gallant bearing, he is a King of whom a cation might well be proud The young King usually wearn sailor cos tume, with the large falling collar and straw hat; in winter he changes the straw hat for a Basque cap On ceremonial occa sions he dons the uniform of the Infantry Cadets of Toledo, st off by the insignia of the Golden Fl"ece. which is suspended from his neck by u red ribbon. Physical exercises occupy a foremost place in the education of the outhful King, and it Is undoubtedly to tnese that he owes his t-trcngth. development and smart bearing. He i, moreover, an excellent r.der. having from the eatllet age made good ;se of the riding tclioj! attnehed to the palace. Fond of Hidinj:. He is In the haL.t of riding frequently with hi mother through the park of the Casa de Campo. Queen Christina is aIo a good horsewoman, having in her jouth had lessons from that past mistress of the art. the lat Empress of Austria. It is a fancy of King Alfonso never to ride the same horse for two dajs running. And this is a fancy which he can easily gratify, as he possesses a magnificent stud of English and Arabian thoroughbreds. At the last military maneuvers his Majesty re mained for four hours on horseback with his staff. Alfonso dolInts also in military exercises. He handles the saber, sword, revolver and gun with rare dexterity. Three dajs. in the welc from 2 to 4. he exercises on the drill- is the folding of It. It must be folded length wise twice, so that the width of the skirt will be divided by three. Then it 1 doubled over from the top until It Is made wioj I enough to fit Into the tray It is ry im portant flrs-t of all, to see that the lining is I straightened out so that it will receive tho I same folds as tho goods proper. 1 There Is only one way to keep a bodice ' from crushing, even when It is the only ' one in the tray. This is to stuff the bosom and the sleeves with tissue paper until it has ""omething like the fullness that It lias when Icing worn. Neither the sieves nor the bodice Itsolf should be folded in any way. Before being put into the tray each dress Is wrapped in a muslin cloth, and ir one has enough trunks so that one can af ford a teparate tray for each dress, the drt.1.3 should be pinned to tho muUn cloth, und the cloth in turn to tho cloth straps that buckle across the tray. This is to keep the dress from tumbling back and forth from one end of the tray to tho other when the trunk is being bandied. There is no rojal road to packing a wom an's hat. "Women who want to carry an assortment of hats should procure a mod ern hatbox. This has cloth-covered blocks to go inside of each hat. the blocks ex tending around the lnsido of the trunk from tho bottom, top and sides, bringing the tops of the hats together in tha middle in such a way thai they do not touoh. The hats are secured to tha blocks with pins, and a large bo will accommodate twelve hats. Laces, gloves and handker chiefs may ba dropped loosely into one's hatbox, and a better place cannot be found for them, as they will not wrinkle, Tha best liat boxes ara waterproof, and ona need have no worry about the cafety of their contents. One of tho most difficult things in trjink packing is the safe disposal of toilet wa ters", soaps, scents, shoo dressing and ink. The breaking of bottles and the subse quent damage to clothing are always to be dreaded, and tho skillful trunk packer will take absolutely no chances cf such an ac ground with young men of his own age, amonir whom aro tha sons of tho Counfof Re illagigedo, the grandsons of tho Dukeof Madlna-Sidonia, Chief of tho Palace, the, sons of tho Duke of Almodovar. and others. They ara under the suparvialon of an ollleor.J and the King, in common with his com panions, i3 armed according to military reg ulations. The Kinj rises early at 7 o'clock has his tub and coffee, and begins work, which continues until tha midday breakfast. After that, work again until 2, when he has.' a fencing lesson. Whatever tho weather may, be. ho then goes out for a long walk, gene-ally accompanied by his mother and sis ters. At 5 he has n. light meal, and dines aX 8, going to bed at 10. This regular and heaithy life has unquestionably oercom the delicate tendencies of his childhood. An "Outdoor" Sportsman. It may be added that ha is fond of bicy cling; in fact, all manly outdoor sports hae on attraction for him. On holldas he and his comrades play tennis, croquet," football and other games on the Campo del Moro, a vast and beautiful park adjoining the royal palace. Ills mental training has in tha meantime not been forgotten. He is a capital lin guist, speaking English, French and Ger man fluently. He Is at present studying German literature with the principal of tho German school nt Madrid and English lit erature with M. Merry del Val, son of the Spanish Ambassador to the Vatican. He is peculiarly devoted to the military part of his educational programme, and his. course of instruction in this line somewhat resembles that of the Academy of Infantry, amplified by that of tho Xaal Academy. His other studies include general history. Spanish literature, drawing, phjsics, chem istry, military geography, and, of course, the older languages. Alfonso XIII Is very fond of music and plas well upon the piano. So that it is evident his Majesty's education has been of the most thorough description. I The King's first public appearance be- j fore his people was on the occasion of his' I uainism iu uiu pumic ciiapei on .ua , 1SSG. Two years later the child-monarch, dressed all in white, was present In the arms of his nurse, Ralmunda at the in auguration of the International Exhibition in Barcelona. He behaved with rojal prtf pricty throughout the proceedings, not giv ing way to any baby impatience or restlessness. cident. Many trunks are now provided wltn a tray made especially for bottles, wnlch has assorted sizes of compartments holding one bottle each. But if one takes sufficient caro this is not essential. To prevent corks from working loose and coming out, the simplest device is to havo a largo supply oflargeand small, rubber bands, all of them wide. A band is tightly stretched lengthwise around the bottle over A few months previous to this ceremony, however, he had taken his place upon Iht throno at the opening of Parliament, a function at which he has never sinco failed to b present. Latterly efforts havo been made to bring him moro In contact with his peopled His visits to hospitals, bar racks, theaters and concerts have become more frequent. Last summer he appeared nt a bull-rbjht, and was most enthusiastic ally cheered by tho multitude. "Tho nation in general has transferred to him tho affection it felt for his father, and his mother's influence has certainly been for good, and all on tho side of in creasing -tho"loyal feelings of tho Spanish people. BOOM These ymng Bailroad NTERIOR During "the two months that tho great oil boom at Heaumont. -Tex., was at Its height the Southern Pacific Railroad Com pany sold at-1ts Reaumont office $135,000 worth of tickets. In one day. early in April. $1,000 worth of tickets were purchased at this office. The two men who handled this immense business were J. K. Tooke and G. aErSHalaaaMBWTS-tvftaMWl IS v JaJLfc?iMaMjawjaMmJyfiiyfaigBBEl flHa BH9MIBjajaHMia3ajMiaiHT'c' vr-; (BEiFaniMKft. Brtr1 aaWTasv iBBRnliiiiTBBBHBBSiaaVBJsBH wt- -;. !TBarTMatffrlrjmMlaMThL iJ BHF VVaifri-HjHr-BBfljKHH my-mM???m3mBaA ! . vluVBflBilLvB ji' ' rrV if BI'l '"SLwi' j -r::?--- f-? '.He: TBHHHHHHfta BLg -T iil '" r artljV7iW?aLvaaaaaaaSaHaaaHV'i BaaaLvaBnHiVaV . WSEMMiSKlm aLaaLaaHBaSB aaBaBWiBaBaBP' JIHBiBflaHaHalHaHaHaHaB aHlaBW ftmp3HaaaBaBalSaaBaaHaBaH aBaBavB RSaMBaiaaaHLvaBaLHBaH aSBBaT JJaaaSaa&3aM' aVBaVBaVBaVSaVBaH aVaaVaaLBaVaVaBaVaXaBW ,aVaaVaaVaBVaVlBaVl BraVaVaVaVaBaVaVaVaVJBBVaSBVaVaVaVJBBM LBSaVaVSaVaVaVaVaVaVaVaSaSBfl the cork. The tptc ! then "wrapped In a newspaper, not carefully and smoothly, but roughly. Two or three full newspaper theets should bo crumpled up and wrapped around the bottle in a wrinkled, crumply way. The bottles are then put In tho trunk among the soiled clothing, hosiery and other articles tint will not be damaged in case of accident, no two bottles being al lowed to touch, and no bottle touching the During the regency the Court has seen of the ceremonials and festivities which distinguished it in former times. Maundy Thursday used to be the chief holi day of tho year, and such a display was made as to call up to the imagination old legends of magnificence. OHicial Reception Given. The present state of the palace forms a strong contrast with the past. Xo longer are the great halls the scenes of splendid festivities, no balls having taken place since tlio death of tho last sovereign. Queen Christina has devoted herself exclusively to tho education and welfare of her son. The royal Ealoons aro opened for strictly official TIMES IN TEXAS. Meo Bold $185,000 .Worth of Tickets SOUTHERN PACIFIC TICKET IV. Wetherby. Much of the time they worked fourteen hours a day and were" busy every minute. It Is claimed that 'the total amount taken in during the two months of the boom represents the heaviest receipts for the time being of any single-line ticket ofltce in tho world. It is estimated on the babis of the receipts of the Southern Pa tS3 Hyfcv-TrrC5'7ePSt outer walls of the trunk. Shoe dressing should ba wrapped in an additional piece of rubber or leather cloth. The best way to pack ink is not to pack it at all but to rely on getting it upon arriving TL ono's destination. Many women carry their toilet articles In separate dressing-cases, provided with cut-glass bottles, mounted in silver or gold, or with plain nickel trim mings. These nro so arranged that no breakage is possible. receptions only. Entertainments are nowa days very rare; a pracJ annual banquet in honor of the foreign representatives; of ficial banquets on saints' days; the recep tions of the Capillas (religious ceremonies, which take place in tho royal chapel); and tho necessary ceremonies on Maundy Thursday. In spite of tho jouth of King Alfonso, the subject of his marriage is aiready under discussion. The future Queen of Spain must, of course, belong to the Catholio Church. French and Austrian Princesses havo been mentioned In this connection, though perhnps an Austrian marriage would not he popular in Spain. The national vote would in all probability bo given to thu Princess Louise d'Orltans, tho younger sis ter of the Queen of Portugal. at Beaumont In Ona Day. OFFICE. cific's Beanmont office uini not less than 12.000,000 were spent in railroad fares by persons going to and 'from Beaumont dur ing the boom. For more than a month spe cial trains of nine cars were run from Beaumont to Houston and return by the Southern lVcilic to accommodate the trav el. Often iliere would be hardly standing room on these specials. ENGLAND'S STEW CHIEF OP STAFF UT SOUTH AITtlCA. Major General Sir Ian Hamilton, D. S. O.. the new Chief of Staff to Lord Kitchener, la the son of an old Gordon Highlander, and was wounded at Majuba in 1SSL Since then he has seen active service In Egypt, tho Soudan, Burma, Chltral and the Indian frontier war of 1S&7. He was in command of the Infantry assault at Eland's Laagte. HUMAN LIFE OFTEN DEPENDS ON TRIFLES. Little Cord of Ligament Prevents Instant Death' When the Tlend Is Moved Long Veins of the Body, When Perpendicular, Would Cause Suffocation Unless Flow of Blood Was Arrested by Diminutive Valves. WRITTEN FOR THE SUXDA7 REFUBIJa In the absolutely healthy man or woman tho great organs of tho body do their work imperceptibly In other words, a healthy human being ought not to know that It has a heart, lungs, stomach, liver, or anything of that sort; and yet their worklnff depends on some of the merest trifles If such a word can be used in connection with na ture's workings end the absence of any ona of them would' mean tho stoppage of the .Whole vital machinery. For Instance, to begin at the top: When you swing your bead from side to aide, or berid it backward or forward, you have only a little cord of ligament between you and sudden 'death. The head is balanced on a double Joint, a pivot on which It turns from side to side, and a sort of swing-Joint, not exactly a hinge, on which It swlnga backward and forward. It Is this check ligament, as it is called, which prevents it from going too far either way. Tho reason Is this: Immediately In front of the peg of the plvot-jjlnt is the channel in tho spine through which the spinal cord passes to the biain. and if It were not for this -vital check-string the head, which is, bulk for bulk, the heaviest part of the body, would fall too far backward or forward and crush the spinal cord. Here is another vital trifle which, perhaps, you have never considered: Bare your arm and press your finger hard on the upper part of one of the veins and pass it slowly down. You will see the vein swell up Into little knots; take your finger away and they will vanish. The reason for this Is that nearly all the veins hays little cups in them. The cups open toward tha heart, and thus, when the blood Is flowing In the right direction they fold back and offer no resistance. But they prevent any fluid flow lngyln tho opposite direction. During waking life many of the long veins are moro or less perpendicular, and but for these cups, or valves, the blood would nat urally tend to flow down the vein. Thi3 would partially, if not entirely, arrest tho circulation; the heart would be unable to pump the poisoned blood into the lungy, to be renewed by contact with the air, and suffocation would follow in a few minute. Wherefore, without these insignificant llt tlo cups, nono of which hold a quarter of a thimbleful, no human being could live. The blood Is composed of a gray fluid In which myriads of tiny little bodies, some white and some red, are floating. They are about a S. 200th part of an Inch In diameter. They are Inclosed In an envelope which has tho peculiar property of permitting gases, but not liquids, to pass through it. It Is this which enables them to take up ths oxygen of the air as it goes Into tho lungs SOME VERY QUEER BATHS. Beau Brummel, When a Prisoner for Debt at Caen, Washed His Face in Milk Marie Antoinette Often Bathed in a Decoction of Wild Thyme, Laurel and Marjoram. WIUTTEN FOR TIIE BUNDAT REPUBLIC. The mud baths'at St. Amand-les-Eaux en Joy a considerable vogue. The mud or "moor" Is composed of a peaty, boggy tur and,' although the period of Immersion varies from half an hour to five hours, can be easily at tho conclusion of the bath re moved from the skin. The mud bath treat ment Is by no means a novel fad, having been In use In the Fourteenth Century. For the wealthy the wine bath is rec ommended. A recent circular sets forth its efficacy, and for such as are "run down" recommends a twenty minutes' stay in a bath containing 100 liters of malvolsle, which can be used a hundred times with out losing it" invigorating properties, "for," says the circular, "after the 100 baths the malvolsle may bo distilled, and the result will be found to be a dclicloun brandy." A devotee to milk baths was Beau Brum mel, who, when a prisoner for debt at Caen, used to have a certain quantity left at tho jail every morning for that purpose. The idea did not, however, oilglnate with this modern sybarite, for we read that tho Itoman Empress Poppaes Immersed herself dally in asses' milk and th- when she traveled she was accompanied y 000 asses to supply milk for her lacteal ablutions. Even stranger fads, however, are on rec ord. Marie Antoinette was wont to bathe in a decoction of wild thymo, laurel and corjoram. made more Invigorating by the addition of sea salt, while Isabel of Bavaria Immersed her fair body In a distillation of chlckweed, which was in her opinion a sov ereign specific for the skin. The honey from roses, melon Juice and the milky ex tract from green barley were likewise em ployed by old-time beauties. John Law, of Mississippi scheme fame, w ho waa a notable beau in the early Eight eenth Century, was a great believer In tha nd to convey It to all parts of the body. Oxygen is, of course, as necessary to the body as air is to a flro. Now, if liquids could pass through tlic-a tiny envelopes the fluid in which they float would enter them, crowd out the oxgen and put out the vital flame Just as surely as a flood of water would put out a fire. In fact. If this property of admitting gases and " excluding- fluids were to be revers-ed. th 'human race would cease totexlst lns-lda 'S minute, because the time taken for the blood to traverse tha' whole system Is about half a minute. V The same curious but bencficcqt property Is' possessed by the vast network of tiny tubes, one'J.SOOth part of an lnch'in diame ter, which Jie immediately under the skin all over tho body: but their function is even stranger still, for they will allow noth ing to pass through their walls save what 13 directly hurtful or superfluous. The re sult Is perspiration, which passes from them through myriads of tiny glands to the skin. At a religious festival in France during the Middle Ages a child was gilded all over to make It represent a golden Im age of the Savior. It died in a few hours, poisoned by tho Impurities of Its own blood, which were prevented from setting through the skin. But perhaps, the .most striking feature connected with tho working of thoihuman body is the fact that we have two brains, a mechanical and a mental one. as 'they may be called. The former is situate?, low down at the back of tha heat"., at tire top of the spinal column.' The $ther occupies the rest of the statu. 'Thls'ls 'the onVwa do our thinking and feeling and willing with. But, 'although Itls'he noblest part of the. human organism. rlt hast no cpntrol over .the little brain Ja.the .back. No' ona knows, exactly- how this, littlo brain does its, work, but Jit does it con tinuously and unconsciously, its business Is to look: after" the 'working' of the lungs, heart, stomach-, and so forth, and it attends to business day and night without -Sleeping-. It will now' be easy to seo that cur liver depend upon these two brains 'work ing separately. For what would happen if the little brain were controlled ",Ty the big one? V,'a should have to think sep arately for every heartbeat, foe. every breath we drew and for every flow of tha gastric Juice which digests our food In tha stomach. This would not give us much time to attend to anything else, even during our waking Ufa. But there Is something wore than that we ''ocOtld never" go to sleep. The moment wa did so we should stop thinking" about our" hearts arfd lungs, wherefore they would both' stop work. yolk of eggs, mo of which were added to hia daily bath, which was made aromatlo by certain carefully prepared scents and essences. At timai, however, he discarded this for a tub of veal broth, thus antici pating. In a way, the- present' whim that recommends the application of a thin layer of veal as a beautliler of tho complexion. Then there are baths taken without any reference to hygiene, mere frfeaks of ec centricity. Such a one was that endured by Mile, de St. Aubin. afterwards known ai the Comtesse de GenlK who.-to outward ly express, her humility, insisted upon having a bath in -the water that had been previously employed In-laving twenty beg gars, a repulsive act that might have cost her dear. Far different the foot bath indulged in by the French novelist. Frederick Koulle. On one occasion', he received In payment of one .of his 'novels it was the first vol ume of "Lea llcmolrt du Diablo" 10,005 francs, all in Jouls d"or. Beside himself with jdy, he. returned home and, emptying the flood of gold into a foot bath, sat with his naked feet Immersed therein for over half an hour, placidly smoking the whllo the largest of Havanas. Quite Enough. -- He: "I was lucky in coming home in th car to-night." Shef "Got a seat, ehr H: "No; but I got a strap all to my-elf."-Thlladelphia Press. In New York. "Is he rich?" "Mercy no! I don't suppose the poor man could scrape up more than two or three mllllcns to sava his life." Kecor-Herald, I - r- 9 i n il Nllr .if?- f' taMg &?,'$$' n i)dAiaf'f , v;wyif.rtfsrf Vs&Sntt&XPtfiSit ..3.ifr VvVjJ- v V J- JT $ - J. F---;:Ts ,?i'ft uiaiimmjm.sa-.iiii'ii &&g&3&$T&3S!Z& pjte&?&&52 Ats- gggJsgSSSaMJMsaaaai