THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JANUARY 5, 1902.
THE SCIENTIFIC SIDE OF TRUNK-PACKING.
"VflSS HELEN LORD, Prima Donna Soprano, Tells How to
pOWNS of the Most Expensive Material Will Not Be Crushed
J or Soiled if They Are Properly Folded.' m x o m
L,-L rut lhings Away tor Long-JJistance l raveling, ot x
XN-RITTBV run THE SUNDAY HEPUBMC
It li i probablv occurred to f w women
tint tin- hmnelj wntk of picking a trunk
Y ,- ! srlpntinr- side Hut it I true tint
thTf art' .1 lut of wie little kn.uki bv
i h if .ne know., of limn, one can avoid
i i .f tin- iliM-omturtv and .innoMtnce
t' . (i uallx . hnracterlze the .le .lge hOU'-e-Wifi'
S O' i J-i'Mlal Jvl lit'.
M . llfltii r.tird. who will be teen hero
f. i with 1't.nk U.inltl- in the ptima don
:a - 'le of Mir Slmp.i:lt. superlnierd
te pa-k'ng 1 v hei maid of g:wns of the
i .-t expoi.-te nialfrlal thiuiirhout the.
cuuipanVa nafoii on tour, and she has
w itcn an urilclf" of ndicu foi the women
reitlers of The Republic, in which she sets
fun a s-ome r tin- things she liai learned'
a' it thi' rilit waj to pack a trunk.
lt MISS HELEN" LORD.
The woman who packs her ttunk only
once or twl'-" a jear en tha occai'on of .1
trip to the- seashore or u. visit with some
distant relatives usually thinks it's fun
while she's doing It. but when she leaches
the other end of her lourney and finds the
contents of a bottle of toilet water soaking
its way throush her wardrobe and the bod
lco of her bust evening gown crushed all
out of slnpe sho is rather apt to wish that
aha had sone about it les in a spirit of fun
and with moro of an idea of trunk packing
ci an exact science
But with stage women It's very different.
TVe practically live in our trunks for forty
weks out of every fifty-two, and one of
the first things we learn Is the scientific lit
tle trick of stowing things away for travl
no that when they are unpaged they are as
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cood as new. To ba curs, it is less of a
problem nowadays than It must havo been
before the trunkmakers Invented trays and
separate boxes for hats. But all the trays
nd boxes in the world won't keep things
from going wrong in tho hands of Mr. Bag
cage Smasher, If they ara not properly
The important thins: about packing a skirt
YOUMNG ALPHONSO HANDLES
WEAPONS WITH DEXTERITY.
How Spain's Boy Sovereign Spends His Time
Always Rises Early and Delights in
Military Exercises Plays Tennis on
Holidays Now a Healthy, Well-
2cUi ORTtiponSeaoa ef Tt Sunday Republlo.
Madrid, Dec. lt-Alfonso XIII Is Just now
one of the most Interesting sovereigns of
Europe. His youth, for all the world won
ders what he will make of his future; his
history, which, may be said to- havo -begun
rlth the tragedy of his father's death, and
the dancers and difficulties besetting a long
rcsrnoy flJl these things have combined to
jnaite the event of his coming of age a point
of partlonlar prominence and interest.
Owing; to the great care with which his
mother, the Queen Regent, has surrounded
him, he baa grown from a delicate child into
a healthy, well-grown youth, full of life
and vigor. At San Sebastian, where tha
Spanish royal family habitually pass the
summer, I frequently saw him. lie Is above
the average height, and well built; he has
a fresh complexion, sightly bronzed, and
hla eyes are brown, bright and expressive;
ha has curly, auburn hair, and his features
tre good, with s slightly prominent under
lip. All together, with his manly looks and
gallant bearing, he is a King of whom a
cation might well be proud
The young King usually wearn sailor cos
tume, with the large falling collar and
straw hat; in winter he changes the straw
hat for a Basque cap On ceremonial occa
sions he dons the uniform of the Infantry
Cadets of Toledo, st off by the insignia of
the Golden Fl"ece. which is suspended from
his neck by u red ribbon.
Physical exercises occupy a foremost place
in the education of the outhful King, and
it Is undoubtedly to tnese that he owes his
t-trcngth. development and smart bearing.
He i, moreover, an excellent r.der. having
from the eatllet age made good ;se of the
riding tclioj! attnehed to the palace.
Fond of Hidinj:.
He is In the haL.t of riding frequently
with hi mother through the park of the
Casa de Campo. Queen Christina is aIo
a good horsewoman, having in her jouth
had lessons from that past mistress of the
art. the lat Empress of Austria.
It is a fancy of King Alfonso never to
ride the same horse for two dajs running.
And this is a fancy which he can easily
gratify, as he possesses a magnificent stud
of English and Arabian thoroughbreds. At
the last military maneuvers his Majesty re
mained for four hours on horseback with
Alfonso dolInts also in military exercises.
He handles the saber, sword, revolver and
gun with rare dexterity. Three dajs. in the
welc from 2 to 4. he exercises on the drill-
is the folding of It. It must be folded length
wise twice, so that the width of the skirt
will be divided by three. Then it 1 doubled
over from the top until It Is made wioj
I enough to fit Into the tray It is ry im
portant flrs-t of all, to see that the lining is
I straightened out so that it will receive tho
I same folds as tho goods proper.
1 There Is only one way to keep a bodice
' from crushing, even when It is the only
' one in the tray. This is to stuff the bosom
and the sleeves with tissue paper until it
has ""omething like the fullness that It lias
when Icing worn. Neither the sieves nor
the bodice Itsolf should be folded in any
way. Before being put into the tray each
dress Is wrapped in a muslin cloth, and ir
one has enough trunks so that one can af
ford a teparate tray for each dress, the
drt.1.3 should be pinned to tho muUn cloth,
und the cloth in turn to tho cloth straps
that buckle across the tray. This is to keep
the dress from tumbling back and forth
from one end of the tray to tho other when
the trunk is being bandied.
There is no rojal road to packing a wom
an's hat. "Women who want to carry an
assortment of hats should procure a mod
ern hatbox. This has cloth-covered blocks
to go inside of each hat. the blocks ex
tending around the lnsido of the trunk
from tho bottom, top and sides, bringing
the tops of the hats together in tha middle
in such a way thai they do not touoh.
The hats are secured to tha blocks with
pins, and a large bo will accommodate
twelve hats. Laces, gloves and handker
chiefs may ba dropped loosely into one's
hatbox, and a better place cannot be found
for them, as they will not wrinkle, Tha
best liat boxes ara waterproof, and ona
need have no worry about the cafety of
One of tho most difficult things in trjink
packing is the safe disposal of toilet wa
ters", soaps, scents, shoo dressing and ink.
The breaking of bottles and the subse
quent damage to clothing are always to be
dreaded, and tho skillful trunk packer will
take absolutely no chances cf such an ac
ground with young men of his own age,
amonir whom aro tha sons of tho Counfof
Re illagigedo, the grandsons of tho Dukeof
Madlna-Sidonia, Chief of tho Palace, the,
sons of tho Duke of Almodovar. and others.
They ara under the suparvialon of an ollleor.J
and the King, in common with his com
panions, i3 armed according to military reg
ulations. The Kinj rises early at 7 o'clock has his
tub and coffee, and begins work, which
continues until tha midday breakfast. After
that, work again until 2, when he has.' a
fencing lesson. Whatever tho weather may,
be. ho then goes out for a long walk, gene-ally
accompanied by his mother and sis
ters. At 5 he has n. light meal, and dines aX
8, going to bed at 10. This regular and
heaithy life has unquestionably oercom
the delicate tendencies of his childhood.
An "Outdoor" Sportsman.
It may be added that ha is fond of bicy
cling; in fact, all manly outdoor sports
hae on attraction for him. On holldas
he and his comrades play tennis, croquet,"
football and other games on the Campo del
Moro, a vast and beautiful park adjoining
the royal palace.
Ills mental training has in tha meantime
not been forgotten. He is a capital lin
guist, speaking English, French and Ger
man fluently. He Is at present studying
German literature with the principal of tho
German school nt Madrid and English lit
erature with M. Merry del Val, son of the
Spanish Ambassador to the Vatican.
He is peculiarly devoted to the military
part of his educational programme, and his.
course of instruction in this line somewhat
resembles that of the Academy of Infantry,
amplified by that of tho Xaal Academy.
His other studies include general history.
Spanish literature, drawing, phjsics, chem
istry, military geography, and, of course,
the older languages.
Alfonso XIII Is very fond of music and
plas well upon the piano. So that it is
evident his Majesty's education has been
of the most thorough description. I
The King's first public appearance be- j
fore his people was on the occasion of his' I
uainism iu uiu pumic ciiapei on .ua ,
1SSG. Two years later the child-monarch,
dressed all in white, was present In the
arms of his nurse, Ralmunda at the in
auguration of the International Exhibition
in Barcelona. He behaved with rojal prtf
pricty throughout the proceedings, not giv
ing way to any baby impatience or restlessness.
cident. Many trunks are now provided wltn
a tray made especially for bottles, wnlch
has assorted sizes of compartments holding
one bottle each. But if one takes sufficient
caro this is not essential.
To prevent corks from working loose and
coming out, the simplest device is to havo
a largo supply oflargeand small, rubber
bands, all of them wide. A band is tightly
stretched lengthwise around the bottle over
A few months previous to this ceremony,
however, he had taken his place upon Iht
throno at the opening of Parliament, a
function at which he has never sinco failed
to b present. Latterly efforts havo been
made to bring him moro In contact with
his peopled His visits to hospitals, bar
racks, theaters and concerts have become
more frequent. Last summer he appeared
nt a bull-rbjht, and was most enthusiastic
ally cheered by tho multitude.
"Tho nation in general has transferred to
him tho affection it felt for his father,
and his mother's influence has certainly
been for good, and all on tho side of in
creasing -tho"loyal feelings of tho Spanish
These ymng Bailroad
During "the two months that tho great oil
boom at Heaumont. -Tex., was at Its
height the Southern Pacific Railroad Com
pany sold at-1ts Reaumont office $135,000
worth of tickets. In one day. early in April.
$1,000 worth of tickets were purchased at
this office. The two men who handled this
immense business were J. K. Tooke and G.
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the cork. The tptc ! then "wrapped In a
newspaper, not carefully and smoothly, but
roughly. Two or three full newspaper
theets should bo crumpled up and wrapped
around the bottle in a wrinkled, crumply
way. The bottles are then put In tho trunk
among the soiled clothing, hosiery and
other articles tint will not be damaged in
case of accident, no two bottles being al
lowed to touch, and no bottle touching the
During the regency the Court has seen
of the ceremonials and festivities
which distinguished it in former times.
Maundy Thursday used to be the chief holi
day of tho year, and such a display was
made as to call up to the imagination old
legends of magnificence.
OHicial Reception Given.
The present state of the palace forms a
strong contrast with the past. Xo longer
are the great halls the scenes of splendid
festivities, no balls having taken place since
tlio death of tho last sovereign. Queen
Christina has devoted herself exclusively to
tho education and welfare of her son. The
royal Ealoons aro opened for strictly official
TIMES IN TEXAS.
Meo Bold $185,000 .Worth of Tickets
SOUTHERN PACIFIC TICKET
IV. Wetherby. Much of the time they
worked fourteen hours a day and were" busy
every minute. It Is claimed that 'the total
amount taken in during the two months of
the boom represents the heaviest receipts
for the time being of any single-line ticket
ofltce in tho world. It is estimated on the
babis of the receipts of the Southern Pa
outer walls of the trunk. Shoe dressing
should ba wrapped in an additional piece
of rubber or leather cloth. The best way
to pack ink is not to pack it at all but to
rely on getting it upon arriving TL ono's
destination. Many women carry their
toilet articles In separate dressing-cases,
provided with cut-glass bottles, mounted
in silver or gold, or with plain nickel trim
mings. These nro so arranged that no
breakage is possible.
receptions only. Entertainments are nowa
days very rare; a pracJ annual banquet
in honor of the foreign representatives; of
ficial banquets on saints' days; the recep
tions of the Capillas (religious ceremonies,
which take place in tho royal chapel); and
tho necessary ceremonies on Maundy
In spite of tho jouth of King Alfonso, the
subject of his marriage is aiready under
discussion. The future Queen of Spain
must, of course, belong to the Catholio
Church. French and Austrian Princesses
havo been mentioned In this connection,
though perhnps an Austrian marriage would
not he popular in Spain. The national vote
would in all probability bo given to thu
Princess Louise d'Orltans, tho younger sis
ter of the Queen of Portugal.
at Beaumont In Ona Day.
cific's Beanmont office uini not less than
12.000,000 were spent in railroad fares by
persons going to and 'from Beaumont dur
ing the boom. For more than a month spe
cial trains of nine cars were run from
Beaumont to Houston and return by the
Southern lVcilic to accommodate the trav
el. Often iliere would be hardly standing
room on these specials.
ENGLAND'S STEW CHIEF OP STAFF UT SOUTH AITtlCA.
Major General Sir Ian Hamilton, D. S. O.. the new Chief of Staff to Lord Kitchener, la
the son of an old Gordon Highlander, and was wounded at Majuba in 1SSL Since
then he has seen active service In Egypt, tho Soudan, Burma, Chltral and the Indian
frontier war of 1S&7. He was in command of the Infantry assault at Eland's Laagte.
HUMAN LIFE OFTEN
DEPENDS ON TRIFLES.
Little Cord of Ligament Prevents Instant Death' When the Tlend Is
Moved Long Veins of the Body, When Perpendicular, Would
Cause Suffocation Unless Flow of Blood Was Arrested by
WRITTEN FOR THE SUXDA7 REFUBIJa
In the absolutely healthy man or woman
tho great organs of tho body do their work
imperceptibly In other words, a healthy
human being ought not to know that It has
a heart, lungs, stomach, liver, or anything
of that sort; and yet their worklnff depends
on some of the merest trifles If such a
word can be used in connection with na
ture's workings end the absence of any
ona of them would' mean tho stoppage of
the .Whole vital machinery.
For Instance, to begin at the top: When
you swing your bead from side to aide, or
berid it backward or forward, you have
only a little cord of ligament between you
and sudden 'death. The head is balanced
on a double Joint, a pivot on which It turns
from side to side, and a sort of swing-Joint,
not exactly a hinge, on which It swlnga
backward and forward. It Is this check
ligament, as it is called, which prevents it
from going too far either way.
Tho reason Is this: Immediately In front
of the peg of the plvot-jjlnt is the channel
in tho spine through which the spinal cord
passes to the biain. and if It were not for
this -vital check-string the head, which is,
bulk for bulk, the heaviest part of the body,
would fall too far backward or forward
and crush the spinal cord.
Here is another vital trifle which, perhaps,
you have never considered: Bare your arm
and press your finger hard on the upper
part of one of the veins and pass it slowly
down. You will see the vein swell up Into
little knots; take your finger away and
they will vanish. The reason for this Is
that nearly all the veins hays little cups in
them. The cups open toward tha heart,
and thus, when the blood Is flowing In the
right direction they fold back and offer no
resistance. But they prevent any fluid flow
lngyln tho opposite direction.
During waking life many of the long veins
are moro or less perpendicular, and but for
these cups, or valves, the blood would nat
urally tend to flow down the vein. Thi3
would partially, if not entirely, arrest tho
circulation; the heart would be unable to
pump the poisoned blood into the lungy, to
be renewed by contact with the air, and
suffocation would follow in a few minute.
Wherefore, without these insignificant llt
tlo cups, nono of which hold a quarter of a
thimbleful, no human being could live.
The blood Is composed of a gray fluid In
which myriads of tiny little bodies, some
white and some red, are floating. They are
about a S. 200th part of an Inch In diameter.
They are Inclosed In an envelope which has
tho peculiar property of permitting gases,
but not liquids, to pass through it. It Is
this which enables them to take up ths
oxygen of the air as it goes Into tho lungs
SOME VERY QUEER BATHS.
Beau Brummel, When a Prisoner for Debt at Caen, Washed His
Face in Milk Marie Antoinette Often Bathed in a Decoction
of Wild Thyme, Laurel and Marjoram.
WIUTTEN FOR TIIE BUNDAT REPUBLIC.
The mud baths'at St. Amand-les-Eaux en
Joy a considerable vogue. The mud or
"moor" Is composed of a peaty, boggy tur
and,' although the period of Immersion
varies from half an hour to five hours, can
be easily at tho conclusion of the bath re
moved from the skin. The mud bath treat
ment Is by no means a novel fad, having
been In use In the Fourteenth Century.
For the wealthy the wine bath is rec
ommended. A recent circular sets forth its
efficacy, and for such as are "run down"
recommends a twenty minutes' stay in a
bath containing 100 liters of malvolsle,
which can be used a hundred times with
out losing it" invigorating properties, "for,"
says the circular, "after the 100 baths the
malvolsle may bo distilled, and the result
will be found to be a dclicloun brandy."
A devotee to milk baths was Beau Brum
mel, who, when a prisoner for debt at
Caen, used to have a certain quantity left
at tho jail every morning for that purpose.
The idea did not, however, oilglnate with
this modern sybarite, for we read that tho
Itoman Empress Poppaes Immersed herself
dally in asses' milk and th- when she
traveled she was accompanied y 000 asses
to supply milk for her lacteal ablutions.
Even stranger fads, however, are on rec
ord. Marie Antoinette was wont to bathe
in a decoction of wild thymo, laurel and
corjoram. made more Invigorating by the
addition of sea salt, while Isabel of Bavaria
Immersed her fair body In a distillation of
chlckweed, which was in her opinion a sov
ereign specific for the skin. The honey
from roses, melon Juice and the milky ex
tract from green barley were likewise em
ployed by old-time beauties.
John Law, of Mississippi scheme fame,
w ho waa a notable beau in the early Eight
eenth Century, was a great believer In tha
nd to convey It to all parts of the body.
Oxygen is, of course, as necessary to the
body as air is to a flro.
Now, if liquids could pass through tlic-a
tiny envelopes the fluid in which they float
would enter them, crowd out the oxgen
and put out the vital flame Just as surely
as a flood of water would put out a fire.
In fact. If this property of admitting gases
and " excluding- fluids were to be revers-ed.
th 'human race would cease totexlst lns-lda
'S minute, because the time taken for the
blood to traverse tha' whole system Is about
half a minute. V
The same curious but bencficcqt property
Is' possessed by the vast network of tiny
tubes, one'J.SOOth part of an lnch'in diame
ter, which Jie immediately under the skin
all over tho body: but their function is
even stranger still, for they will allow noth
ing to pass through their walls save what
13 directly hurtful or superfluous. The re
sult Is perspiration, which passes from
them through myriads of tiny glands to
the skin. At a religious festival in France
during the Middle Ages a child was gilded
all over to make It represent a golden Im
age of the Savior. It died in a few hours,
poisoned by tho Impurities of Its own
blood, which were prevented from setting
through the skin.
But perhaps, the .most striking feature
connected with tho working of thoihuman
body is the fact that we have two brains,
a mechanical and a mental one. as 'they
may be called. The former is situate?, low
down at the back of tha heat"., at tire top
of the spinal column.' The $ther occupies
the rest of the statu. 'Thls'ls 'the onVwa
do our thinking and feeling and willing
with. But, 'although Itls'he noblest part
of the. human organism. rlt hast no cpntrol
over .the little brain Ja.the .back.
No' ona knows, exactly- how this, littlo
brain does its, work, but Jit does it con
tinuously and unconsciously, its business
Is to look: after" the 'working' of the lungs,
heart, stomach-, and so forth, and it attends
to business day and night without -Sleeping-.
It will now' be easy to seo that cur
liver depend upon these two brains 'work
ing separately. For what would happen
if the little brain were controlled ",Ty the
big one? V,'a should have to think sep
arately for every heartbeat, foe. every
breath we drew and for every flow of tha
gastric Juice which digests our food In tha
stomach. This would not give us much
time to attend to anything else, even during
our waking Ufa. But there Is something
wore than that we ''ocOtld never" go to
sleep. The moment wa did so we should
stop thinking" about our" hearts arfd lungs,
wherefore they would both' stop work.
yolk of eggs, mo of which were added to
hia daily bath, which was made aromatlo
by certain carefully prepared scents and
essences. At timai, however, he discarded
this for a tub of veal broth, thus antici
pating. In a way, the- present' whim that
recommends the application of a thin layer
of veal as a beautliler of tho complexion.
Then there are baths taken without any
reference to hygiene, mere frfeaks of ec
centricity. Such a one was that endured
by Mile, de St. Aubin. afterwards known ai
the Comtesse de GenlK who.-to outward
ly express, her humility, insisted upon
having a bath in -the water that had been
previously employed In-laving twenty beg
gars, a repulsive act that might have cost
Far different the foot bath indulged in
by the French novelist. Frederick Koulle.
On one occasion', he received In payment
of one .of his 'novels it was the first vol
ume of "Lea llcmolrt du Diablo" 10,005
francs, all in Jouls d"or. Beside himself
with jdy, he. returned home and, emptying
the flood of gold into a foot bath, sat with
his naked feet Immersed therein for over
half an hour, placidly smoking the whllo
the largest of Havanas.
Quite Enough. --
He: "I was lucky in coming home in th
Shef "Got a seat, ehr
H: "No; but I got a strap all to my-elf."-Thlladelphia
In New York.
"Is he rich?"
"Mercy no! I don't suppose the poor
man could scrape up more than two or
three mllllcns to sava his life." Kecor-Herald,
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