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The St. Louis Republic. [volume] (St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, June 01, 1902, Magazine Section, Image 49

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THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JUNE 1, 1902.
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AMERICA'S
I
f Frink O Carpenter Crowes the Atlantic on a Commercial Cruiser to Investigate Our Trade Two Million Dollars a Day Is W hat We Are Getting From Europe Adven
tures in Loudon With American Goods The Strand and Its Yankee Advertisements Our Brandy Peaches and Cocktails on Piccadilly Shirt
Waists and Patent Medicines The Daily Life of a Londoner and How lie Leans on Bis Uuited States Cousins. .
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THE STRA5TD.
The 'busses are plastered with, advertlsementa of Yankee goods.
Special Correspondence of Th Hepubllo.
London. England, May, 10. I have come
across the great Atlantic ferry to tell you
what the Yankees oio doing In Europe. The
subject Is attracting more attention fccre
than at home. The Germans call It "The
Great American Peril," and It Is said that
the phrase originated with tho Emperor
himself. The English have dubbed it the
"Yankee Invasion ' and the London papers
are publishing long series of articles upon
It. The subject la so Important that It has
a place In the discussions of tho parlia
ments of the various countries, and both
capitalists and worklngmen are thoroughly
alarmed.
Even the monarchs are- worried. It was
to win the afTectlon of our Yankee trades
men that the Kaiser sent his brother to
America, and whenever one of the Ameri
can princes of our big trusts comes over
here tho nobility bow down to him as the
'idolatrous Israelites did to the golden calf.
Plerpont Morgan Is as well known here as
he Is at home, and Mr. Schwab, during his
recent visit to England and the Continent,
hobnobbed with Kings, and Edward of Eng
land, the most particular of them all In
matters of etiquette, gave him an audience
In a vain endeavor to learn -now abcm"
does It." . , . .
But what Is all the fuss about? It Is about
JZOOO.OOO a day Only a little matter of
wrfrinn hnnr n. bacatelle of 11.400 a min
ute. This, In round numbers. Is about what
-our trade balance with Europe has been
and not far from what it Is now. in incse
letters I will not give exact figures. If you
wont them you can get them of tho Statis
tical Bureau of the Treasury Department
at Washington, where Mr. O. I'. Austin
will be glad to pbiige you.
j 'American Goods Are
' Flowing Into English Markets.
In round numbers, then, our trade bal
ance with Europe is JGOO.000,000, or about
$2,000,000 for every working day from Jan
uary to December, Inclusive, That is, we
are felling these people that much more
than we buy. Tho gold is flowing In a reat
yellow river across the Atlantic, and It bids
fulr to be the biggest gulf stream known
to commerce. Do you wonaer mat toe peo-
llple are frightened? I don't.
i i x waui io give u. iuuh vuc w j '
itiow1 mur. T nm nt this writing In London.
want to give a ihort outline of my rn-
I It t,nii nnl hiira fT nm TLPilcfl. after
'which I shall visit soma of the industrial
centers of tho United Kingdom and then go
,to the Continent.
, In England I wan to show you the great
(fftst markets of tha world and how our
American goods are flowing Into them, to
look Into tho enormous electrical possiblll-
i ties, above and below ground, and among
(Other things describe the famous Tuppe.iny
TUDe Electric Line, which Is equipped wan
lectrical machinery, and which cost about
3.000,000 a mile. I shall describe the place
hat America has In these London markets,
ind by pen pictures ef this greatest city
if the world, show where and how our post-
Ion may become greater still.
Outside the Bngilsh metropolis I shall
islt the great Industrial centers to tn
I iw some of our raw materials have maae
t, n Bull so wealthy. I want to plcturo
, i new American factories now being bunt
"Xii English soil, and to compare tho labor
of this country with ours. I may ;et to the
coal mines which are so deep that Jofen
Bull will from now on have to rely largely
on the supplies of Uncle Bam to keep him
warm end his factories working.
Our Patrons in
Russia and Germany.
Leaving England I shall visit our blggeat
customers on the ConUnent. I want to
spend a while in Russia. At St Peters
burg I shall give a letter on the yourc
Czar and tell of the vast internal lrcprovr
' ments he Is making on the greatest Emplro
( of the globe. I shall visit Moscow and
other great manufacturing centers and
' show bow It is from the Russians that we
: lave much to fear in our trade competition
I of tho future. Russia is the granary of
' Europe. It has the largest farm popula-
tlon of the whole world and the extent to
i which we are selling it farm machinery wiU
fee in teres tine.
Germany will be next visited. This coun
try is the giant of modern times. It is one
ef the best manufacturers and the shrvd
est trader of all the European countries
and it is doing more in comparison with
what God has given it than any other. The
Berlin of 1802, the technical schools, how
Cennany is capturing the oceans, the
mighty pons, tne American hog and how
it goes into sausage for German stomachs
and American trade uton the Rhine will be
among: the subjects of my investigation.
From Germany I will go to Hollnnd cn1
Belgium nnd then to Franco. Each of
these countries will be treated along the
came nnd other lines, the only aim being
to get news matter interesting to Ameri
cans. X came to England on an American cruis
er. England and Germany have the hulk
of the shipping of the Atlantic, eo much
so that It -is estimated we pay Engiard
alone about J75.0O0.OO0 a year for carrying
our freight, although we are beginning to
acquire lines of our own.
Mr. Morgan Purchased Leyland
Line for 0,000,000.
It was only last jear that Plerpont Mor
gan and his' aEsodatea bought the Leyland
line for between $3,000,000 and 9,000.000. and
the International Naviiratlnn romnflnv.
i!
h -which is Simon pure American, has a fleet
rof big steamers which are keeping tha
Atlantic hot between America and Eu
rope. It ,was on the St Louis of their line
that I crossed. The ship is one of 11.623
tons; n is one of the best on the Atlantic
and one of the fastest on record and it
was buUt by an American. It came from
Grampus shipyards In PhUadclphla. end
lilt the rest of the boats of Its Ine it Is
now doing more business than Ensllsh ehlps
of" the same class and tonnage.
The St Louis is run on the American
plan and in one respect on a plan that his
much to do with making Americans mic
ceseful in their present invasion. I mean
that the boat Is pusnea as far as Is contin
ent with safety. It makes almost one-third
more trips a year than English coats of tho
COMMERCIAL INVASION OF
mm class. The English method is to go
slow and let the ehlps rest between times
with the belief that In this way they will
last the longer. The American plan is to
work them for what they are worth and as
soon as they begin to fall to sell them as
freighters or throw them en tho tcrap
heap.
Bald a leading steamship man to me late
ly: "The world moves too fast to attempt
to keep up with it with any but the very
best and newest machinery. There are new
inventions every month and the ship that
don't have them will have to take the skim
milk of freight and passengers. It Is bet
ter to buy new ships and get the cream.
This Is one trouble with Ergland's shipping
over the world to-day. Take the P. O., one
of their famous lines to the Orient A gen
eration ago it had no competitors to tpeak
of; to-day the Germans are getting the most
of Its trade. The Germans have the fast
est and tho best of the AtianUc kteamers
and they are building bigger ones and bet
ter ones every year.
Deutschland Is Fastest
Liner on the Atlantic.
The fastest ship now on the ocean Is the
Deutschland of the Hamburg-American line.
It has lG.Ouo tons and Its record seed In
crossing the Atlantic was Just about twenty-three
and a half nautical miles an hour.
It went from Sandy Hook to Plymouth in
flvo days, seven hours and thirty-eight min
utes. The record speed of the St Paul, a
sister ship of the St. LoUs. for Its fastest
voyage averaged tnenty-one miles and eight
minutes to the hour, an average only sur
passed by the Deutschland. the Kronprinz'
Wllhelm of the North German Lloyd and
the Lucanla of the Cunard line.
I had as fellow passengers a fair sample
of the Americans who are leading our com
mercial array to lands beyond the seas. Sev
eral were capltallts after Investments in
England and the Continent. One was a
partner in a great electrical construction
company gottg abroad to get contracts for
tho new ropds that England proposes to
build and another was a Yankee railway
manager who was going over to show the
British electric railway trust how to oper
ate Its undertakings after the American
fashion. There were also the representa
tives of tome of the biggest agricultural
Implement makers of the United States,
two men from the Milwaukee Harvester
Company, going to establish agencies In
England and Continental Europe, and a
Paterson, X. J., man who Intends to coat
Europe red with his cold water paint Ho
tells me he sells It always from the Baltic
to the Mediterranean and that the open
ings for all such things are good.
Then we had Lubln, the Philadelphia op
tician and motion picture rran. who told
me that vast quantities of American spec
tacles and eyeglasses are now sold In Rus
sia. Germany. Frnn-e and England, and
Collins, another Phlladelphlan, an agent for
the sale of photographic cardboard nnd
mounts. We had also Levy of New York,
an exporter and Importer of toys, who In
forms me that all toys made by machinery
in America are now having a heavy sale
In Europe.
Iron and Wooden Dolls
Exported to Germany.
Even In Germany, the great toy-making
country of the world, our Iron and wooden
toys are sold In quantity. They are pret
tier and better than tho hand-made German
articles and can be sold for half the price.
Mr. Levy is going over to buy dolls for the
American market He says 3.000 different
varieties of dolls are made In Germany, and
that the latest fashions in American rtresue
are sent to the doll makers in order that
our children may have dolls with dresses
as up-to-dato as their mothers.
Another. German-American passenger was
on his way to open up an office for Amer
ican typewriters In Berlin, while a mining
engineer from California was en route for
the South African gold fields, and a young
Indianlan was on his way to Southampton
and Buenos Ayrcs to pave the streets of
the Argentine capital with Trinidad asphalt
We had also silk men, machinery mon
and grain men. The list Is too long to be
given, and I cannot mention the variety of
freight, for the purser fchowed'me that the
different articles ran Into the hundreds. I
will only say that we had a big cirgo of
machinery, flour and fresh meat and that
among the fruits there were 00 boxes and
100 barrels of ripe apples.
Landing at Southampton. I came directly
to London. There was a special train for
the passengers waiting at the wharf. The
trip took less than two hours, and it was
about the middle of the afternoon when 1
reached my hotel. This gave me a couple
of hours before dark for a stroll, during
which I noted eome of the evidences of the
American Invasion. Suppose you take the
walk with me. We start at the Hotel Ce
cil, In the busiest part of the Strand. The
street Is full of hansoms, four-wheelers
and great two-story 'buses, which are go
ing on the trot back and forth between the
city and the West End.
Support Home Industries Is
British Trade Cry.
The 'buses are heavy, two-story affairs,
with a dozen seats on the roof, as well as
a dozen within. Their sides, fronts and tops
are plastered with advertisements. See that
one going by now! It has a black crow
holding up an American liver pill sign on
the steps, and our best-known typewriter
displayed Just above. Along the top Is an
advertisement of "Ben-Hur," by General
Low Wallace, which is now being played
at one of the theaters, and on the next
bus an announcement that Charles Froh
rcan will soon present 'JArizoria."
But see the cmnibus' coming down tho
Strand! Notice that great yellow board ad
vising you to buy Bryant's and May's
matches and 'support home labor. The "bus
bohlnd has a similar sign and there hangs
a tale. For many years Bryant's and May's
matches were the chief ones in England.
Their monopoly was apparently as safe as
that of the Standard OH Company, and they
expected to continue paying dividends out
of sulphur until the Judgment day required
all of the raw material for other numnB.
They thought the sane when they were
told that the American Diamond Match
toia tnat tne American Diamond Match (
Company had appeared on the scene and 1
I proposed to compete for the trade. They I
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Picadilly Circus, where Mr. Carpenter found brandy peaches, candy
soon changed their mind, however, nnd
this Is what happened: The English were
using old machinery: the American com
pany had the best and the newest of pat
ents. They established factories and easily !
undersold their English competitors. They I
got to the front and kept there. The Bry-
ant ond Mcy people Kent agents all over i
tho world seeking for machinery to with-
stand tho Americans, but It was not to be i
found. The result was that they threw I
their hands up and were nbsorbed by the 1
Diamond Match Company, though their old
I name v:an still held. I
The Americans have the machines and the :
patents, and their success showed they
were well Justified for their big expenses i wmTTEN rort TUB SUNDAY nnpUBLic
In perfecting their machinery, which. It is i A, f,r i,n.k ., fh- ,. .,,, , c'f,.,.
said, of tin cost them UO.000 n yesr and up- , .,i" i"? " " cnl. the State
ward. In one year the company paid 50.- i or Mls!0u" nasi suffered from but one sub
0CO for patents. It has alway paid dlvl- I terranean disturbance. This, however. In
dends to Its stockholders. The words "sup- point of property damage wrought was
port home Industries" In Its advertisements probably the mest serious In the history of
only mean that the matches nrc now mude the United States. As the result of it more
ft?onVo"ME.SM .quare miles of ferU.e alluvial
has Introduced American methods into Its ; lal- In tho ""Hhfast corner of the State.
works and its employes are far belter ; wn8 either submerged or transformed Into
treated than those of the ordinary English low-lying swamps, the homo of wafer
establishments. fowls and reptiles, but uninhabitable for
English Shoes Lack m-
, ,,,. i .-.. I These are the often referred to "fiubmer-
DurabiHty and Style. J ger Lands of Missouri." in New Madrid.
The watch cry "Support home Industries." Dunklin, Mississippi, Wayne. Pemiscot and
Is put on many British articles. I found it J Scott counties. Within a very few weeks
on a brand or oatmeal at a coffee-house
where I stopped for a snack this afternoon,
and with It ai the guarantee that the
grain used was the best Scottish oats pro
curable." But suppose we start out on our walk.
Look now at the stores. They call them
hops here, but no matter. Here Is one ad
vertising American shoes of the latet and
most popular makes. You will And them '
scattered here and there all over London.
The English can make a good shoe they
call shoes boots but there Is no style about
It and mighty little comfort The leather
looks as though It was chopped out with a
hatchet and the toes ate sharp. Their shoes
cost more to make than ours, and the re
Bult is we are selling them more than Jl,
000.000 worth of shoea every year.
In this store window In which we are
looking is an advertisement of American
rubbers in the ordinary shop they call rub
bers "gums." which makes me think of the
Engllih girl who was asked if her sister
was in, and replied, "No. but she will be
'ere right soon. She Is hout cleaning her
gums on the mat." Speaking of American
rubbers, there ought to be a good market
for them here If we can educate the peo
ple to tbelr use. As far as I can see. no
rubbers at all' are worn, and still It rains
here the greater part of the time and the
streets are muddy, notwithstanding the ex
cellent cleaning arrangement". Men and
women trot along through the filth, the la
dles holding their dresies much higher than
is common In our American towns.
We have left the Strand and are walking
along Piccadilly. This Is In the swell parts
of London where the finest shops are. Let
us go Into this one, which has all sorts of
fancy canned fruits and Jellies In the win
dow. The English are noted for their pre
serves of all kinds, and London makes mar
malade and Jams which are sold all the
world over. Here Is one place where we are
sure to find no American goods! But let us
ask the shopkeeper. He Is a fat beefeater
in a white apron, and he smiles as I tell
him he has a beautiful store.
Brandy Peaches and
Cocktails From New York.
"American goods! Of course I havel" is
the reply to my question. "Here Is a One
thing In brandy peaches Just In from New
- Sork. There are about a dozen neachesZ
that Jar. and we Wlt roxWtrtSutoS
or $2. We have all sorts of American
pickles, canned corn and tomatoes and oat
meal. Here Is same tabasco sauce which
came from Louisiana, I have one customer
who calls It 'liquid 'ell,' and fi It Is." con
cluded the grocer, reflectively. "'But
wouldn't jou like to walk l)tow and sea
my nine cellar? I do a great trade In
wines,"
"No, I believe not," say I, but have you
also American wines?"
"No," said the grocer, "but we have
plenty of American brandies and cocktails
In bottles. The English like your cocktails,
and we sell a lot of them,"
Going on with our walk American goods
mppt lis nt ftirv turn. Tlpm In Tlpirpnt
street thpw nr Knllini? Amprlpnn rniiittf !
and there Is a store where joii can buy
American tools and hardware. The clieml.it
shops, which we know as drug stores, are
full of our novelties for the liver and
stomach, and the dry goods stores, which
they call "draper shops," contain shirt
waists made in Massachusetts, and cotton3
from the Southern States. The Invasion
which has be" represented In our count! y
L . .
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iKRKWBBCNlWp
ns,swM-
SUBMERGED LANDS
OF MISSOURI
INCLUDE 2,000 ACRES
jjOR.
FERTILE SOIL.
ne entire lace or the country, down In and
near Missouri's "panhaodle." including ter
ritory In Arkansas and Tennessee, was
completely changed. Great fissures opened
In the earth from which were belched stnJ
steam and sulphurous gases'. Where high
land was lakes appeared, and where low
lands was, hills were cast up.
nai internal disorder beneath ground
caused the upheaval Is problematical. It'is
supposed that there Is some wide-extending
cavity underneath the Mississippi at this
place, in whieh volcanic fires are not yet
extinguished, and that the waters from the
great river, seeping through, were turned
to steam, which, expanding, shook and
burst the soil through. There Is little sur
face indication of hidden volcanic forces,
which gives rise to a belief that these
plaved no part In Missouri's earthquakes
and that the land simply sank or rather
settled Into the underlying chasm. But
descriptions of the upheaval written at the
time state plainly that choking gases and
steam filled the air and darkened the sun,
which would indicate that subterranean
heat played a part in bringing about the
disturbances.
Cavernous Space Far Beneath
the Earth's Surface.
Though there have been no serious repe
titions of the earthquake, it is said there
are yet evidences of an extensive cavern
ous space far beneath the earth's surface.
A writer connected with the New York
World said, in his paper In 1379, that as ex
press trains rolled through Union City,
Tenn., tho earth's surface perceptibly
shook, and that occupants of buildings
could feel the timbers quiver because of
the undulations. It is similarly reported
at the present time at several small vil
lages near the Mississippi.
The loss of life occasioned by the disas
ter was slight Only two persons died di
rectly from its effects. Both were women.
One fainted from fright and could not be
resuscitated, and the second was struck by
the falling logs of a cabin. That the fatali
ties were few is due alone to the fact that
this section of the State was sparsely in
habited In the early years of the century
Just ended, and that buildings were low.
New Madrid was the fchlef settlement in
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S::5:lSJi:i:!..:nJ.!li:Viy:IH:sl?H:M!lu
the stricken counties.) Tee territory of '
ENGLAND.
as one of heavy articles, such as meat,
grains, steel Iron and heavy machinery,
embraces all sorts of little things which are
rapidly coming Into common use A good
Idea of It was given not long ago by Mr.
Fred McKenzie In one of his able letters
on this subject to the London Mail, which
has been published In a little bnok entitled
"The American Invaders," It shuv.3.
How the Londoner
Leans on the Yankee.
Says Mr. McKenzie:
"In the domestic life w" have got to this:
The average Londoner rises In the morn
ing from his New England sheets; he
shaves with American soap and n Yankee
safety razor; pulls on Ills Boston booib over
his socks from North Carolina, fastens his
Connecticut braces, slips hU Walllum or
Waterbury watch In his pocket' and sits
down to breakfast.
"There he congratulates his wife on the
way her Illinois straight-front corset sets
off her Massachusetts Mouse, rm he
tackles his breakfast. He eats bread made
from prairie flour (possibly doctored at the
s-peclal establishments, on the lakes), tinned
oysters from Baltimore, and a little Kansas
City bacon, while his wife plnji. with a
slice of Chicago ox-togue. The children are
given "Quaker" oats.
"At the same time he reads his morning
paper printed by American machines on
American paper, with American ink. and
possibly edited by a smart Journalist from
New York City.
"He rushes out, catches the electric tram
(New York) to Shepherd's Hush, where he
gets In a Yankee elevator to take him on
to the Amerlcan-fltted electric railway to
the city.
"At his office, of course, everything Is
American. He sits on a Nebraskan swivel
chair, before a Michigan roll-top dik;
writes his letters on a Syracuse typewriter,
signing them with a New York fountain
pen and drying them with a blotting hcet
from New England.
"The letter copies are put away In flies
manufactured In Grand Rapldi
"At lunch time he hastily swallows some
cold roast beet that comes from the irtjd
west cow and flavors It with Pittsburs
pickles, followed by a few Delaware tinned
LeuD?ee"0fav?rne.a XSStZ? W'th & rea. Down nearer Ihe riveP were Un
couple of irglnla cigarettes. ,,IU,kHh, aT,,l il Tn h rtP.-,,! of nl-ht
"To follow his course all day wiuld be
wearisome. But when evening comes he
seeks relaxation at the latest American
musical comedy, drinks a cocktail or ajim
California wine, and finishes up with a
couple of Tittle liver Bills' made in Amer
ica." FRANK O. CARPENTEB
Copyright, 1S02, by i'- G. CarsenUr.
iiisiiiitiiiiiilllliliJllMlll
and cocktails made in America.
New Madrid was a part of Louisiana, and
was explored first by De Soto. The town
of New Madrid was established 33 a Span-
y - asZSSit
-- i i l - r. 0- ... W r - T-T.
"All of a sudden he stopped, hung his head, spread out bjs forelegs
and htood stock still-"-
Ish post about the same time 03 St. Louis.
It was not laid out however, until 17S7,
when a former American army officer. Col
onel George Morgan, Ii3ving obtained a
grant from the Spanish authorities at New
Orleans, conceived the Idea of making It a
largo community. He planned It on a scale
equal to that of Its namtsake, the capital
of Spain. But Morgan fell into disfavor
with the Spanish officials and his grant was
rescinded. Spanish ullicers were sent as
Governors to New Madrid, one of whom
was Don Carlos Dehault Delassus, who
later was assigned to St. Louis.
The surrundtng country was as rich as
could be found in the Mississippi Valley,
and full of i-romlse. Niighboring settle
ments were toon established, and amorg
thim Little Prairie, now known a3 Caruth
ersville. After Louisiana became I'n'ted
Statej territory many American settlere
moved Into the New Madrid district, and
the development of the lands continued
rapidly for the next seven ears. or until
the earthquakes, the first shock occurring
In December, 1511.
Earth Seemed to Move
Like a Billowing Sea.
The initial upheaval was one'of ths most
severe and tool: place December 13. Ac
companied by sounds like thunder. It terri
fied the inhabitants of New Madrid :.nd
Ll'.lle 1'ralne. Then came a shock whlen
lastrd fully a minute, more severe than the
predecessors. Citizens of New Madrid
observed the phenomena. Godfrey Lesier
of this town reported that the solid earth
moved like a billowy sea. that the waves
were fully three feet In height, with visible
derrsKtor.s between. At times the swells
fprmed to burst, casting up vaHt quantities
of sand and vapor and leaving tlssuret
which were often ten f.et wide, five or six
fert deep and many miles in length.
The rude cabins of the time were shaken
apart and jame tumbling dnwn. The great
tall cottonwood trees seemed 'o be dancing
some nelrd fashioniess dance, waving to
and fro like the blades of young timothy
grass in a strong wind. Sandbars and parts
of Islands disappear d and others appeared
where none had bien. Ducks, geese, swan
and other aquatic fowl, together with anl
mals, were terrified and left the country.
Shocks continued at Intervals of one or
two das. These, however, amounted to
little more than surface tremors until Janu
ary T, IMi Then came another paroxysm
in which the Inhabitants underwent another
harrowing experience. One queer freak,
such as neirly alnays adds a grim tinge of
humor to all nature's destructive outbreaks,
was recorded at this time.
Uiver Channel
Changed in a Xight.
A settler had his plantation upfin the
Pemiscot River in Pemiscot County. HN
home was upon a slight eminence north of
his home rocked like a pendulum, and In
terror he and his family kept their beds,
fearing to move. By morning all was again
still, and he rose to look out. His smoke-bou-
was nowhere to be seen. He went
further and found that the entire configura
tion of the river's channel had changed.
Dazed, he went to the river bank, and,
happening to look across the stream, discov
ered bis smokehouse and the familiar little
boxlike structure which marked the cover
ing of the well. The earthquake had opened
an Immense fissure which Intersected the
river at points above nnd below the settler's
home, and Into which the waters flowed.
This fissure is the channel at the present
day.
February of 1SU witnessed the last of the
shocks which caused distress. By that time
the people were terror-stricken. Their
lands were, la numberless cases, rendered
valueless, and their homes destroyed. They
sought only to leave the neighborhood,
and. in a panic they literally fled, leavirs
much of their stock and household effects.
But two families in Prairie City and vi
cinity remained. The stock and valuables
were recovered in few cases, since Itinerant
adventurers took and either slaghtered or
carried them away on flatboats.
The changes, effected in the configuration
of the landscape after the earthquakes
ceased covered a territory of lo0 miles' ra
dius, with the town of Little Prairie or
Caruthersville as the center. There are
four large swamps In this southeast section
of Missouri, the greater part of which were
formed by the earthquakes. These are tho
LitUe River, the St John, the St James
and the St Francis swamps. The first orig
inates near Cape Girardeau and extend?
south through New Madrid nnd Dunklin
counties Into Arkansas, and empties into
the St Francis River. The length is 103
miles and the width averages ten miles.
The St John Swamp commences below
the town of Commerce, and empties into
the St John Bayou near the town of New
Madrid. The St James Swamp 13 between
the St John Swamp and the Mississippi
River. Each of these two latter swamps
is about forty miles long and between idx
and ten miles wide.
The St Francis Swamp commences In
Wayne County, fifteen miles below Green
ville; then dividing Stoddart and Wayne
counties, and Dunklin In Missouri and
Green County in Arkansas, continues ire
course to a point opposite Memphis. Tenn.
This swamp is about seventy-five mliea
long in Missouri, the same distance In Ar
kansas, and between ten and twelve miles
w idc.
The total amount of submerged land In
Missouri is placed at S.100 square miles, or
l.S.S.4'0 acres. Distributed In this area aro
many lakes caused also by the earthquake
and which are as much as sixty feet deep
in places.
Tall Trees Indicated the
Former Land Level.
For many years after this Immense sur
face shifted, tall trees reared their heads
above the waters, silent testimony to the
former land level. Jn boats, looking down
Yihen the lakes were calm, could be set-n
the former cane fields and other vegetation
Just as it was previous) to the disturbance,
but rendered the habitat of fishes Instead
of animals and human life. To reclaim this
great area has been a matter often agitit
ed through State und Government chan
nels. It has been to no purpose, however,
as no engineering plan has been suggested
which seems to guarantee success.
The western .ml of Kentucky also suf
fered during these earthquakes, and It
happemd that Audubon, the world-famous
orulthuiiinUt, was then traveling in that
State. At the time he was upon horseback
and he has written that he heard a
rumbling sound as of an approaching torna
do. "On which," says he. "I spurred my steed
with a wish to gallop as fast as possible
to a place of t-afety. But It would not do;
the animal knew better than I what was
forthcoming, and so nearly stopped that I
remarked he put one foot after another
Willi as mu-h precaution as if he were
walking on a smooth sheet cf ice. and,
spuklng to him. I was on the point of dis
mounting ;mJ leading him, when he stopped,
uung hl l.i ad, spread out his forelegs, as
If lo save himelf from falling, and stood
MOLk will, continuing to groan. I thought
my horse was about to die, and would
have sprung from his back had a minute
more ilasped; but at that instant all the
shrubs and trees began to move from their
vtry rootn, the ground rose and fell in
suctcflve furrows, like the ruffled watcr3
of a lake, and I became bewildered in my
ideas, as I too plainly discovered that
all this awful commotion was the result of
an earthquake.
"Who can tell the sensations I experienced
when I found myself rocking, as It were,
upon my horse, and moving to and fro
like a child in a cradle, with the most
imminent danger around me? The fearful
convulsion, however, lasted only a few
minutes; my horse, .brought his feet to a
natural position, raised his head and gal
loped off as If loose and frolicking without
a rider."
The nation was stirred to sympathlza
with the citizens who were rendered penni
less by the earthquake, and by an act of
Congress the losers, who presented claims,
were to be recompensed with lands in "The
Boone Lick Country." one of the richest
sections of Missouri.
Unfortunately, land-sharks benefited
more than an body else by this transaction.
The claims of sufferers were bought up
for a song by unscrupulous speculators.who
learned the news in cities directly in line
of the malls and hastened to the stricken
country.
Roadside Singer.
When Uncle Clem was a youngeh man
He wuhked as Ah do now;
He hoed his row in de cotton Ian'
Till de beads hung on his brow.
But now he's ol' en his wool ana gray.
En his $xes am small en dim;
So he cums en sits by de road all day
En sings det glohy hymn.
Ol' Uncle Clem he sits en sings
Ob rainbow habps en golden wings;
Ah shed a teah ebby time he tells
Ob de pearly gates en silbeh bells.
Oh, de mockln' bird be stop to bean
Ea pause upon de lira':
En de ol' gray rabbit raise bis eab.
Dess to ketch det ringln hymn.
De sky seem full of mystery en
Da sun hab a yelleh ring.
En de pines seem still en ghostly when
Uncle Clem he staht to sing.
Ol' Uncle Clem, his voice et rings
As he tells ob hahps en golden wings;
His words am long en dtep an clean
En de veby worl' seem to stop en heah.
De sun roll down en de shaddehs fall
En still Uncle Clem he sing;
He tell ob a place wid a crystal waU
Wheh de bells ob glohy ring.
He tell cb r. place wheh flahs blaze
En unsabed slnnehs go;
His voice It cum fum a hundred ways
En Ah tremble in man row.
Ol Uncle Clem he sing his hymn
When de fiel' am dahk en de woods am dim,
Dahk wings seem flappin' in de trees.
"Oh. slnneh. drop right on yo' knees!"
r$?. .
. JkiltNcn
as if to save himself from falling
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