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THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JULY G, 1902.
DAUGHTERS OF THE REVOLUTION HONOR MEMORY OF CAPT. SMITH. I oWHERE JESSE JAMES. GUERRILLA ROUGH RIDER, RESTS NQW.tx F ' mSSSSSMf. , -J& - 2 Ik 4 T lisp wRs,35rIlttV aPSSt uf ' tSqTySifydjSiprjc; fe?C353 a As a border fighter Jesse James was given fMfrlJ'fSx!StKPaiBT,wi Bk is f"1"! burial, and his former com- . ' SSVsffira ISjiSSJt?yi BoWsB'w "" a. rades In Quantrell's band, who acted as I 7j&Nx?&I M-SilviSir3 JsbbVJV frex ." ife pallbearers. seemed to bring an echo of) faun ' ii urn" m. i-Hiimr7itnniTyi- n By a Republic Photographer. B X. MOTHER OF JESSE JAMES, WITH FRIENDS AXD RELATrVEB. Urs. Zcrelda. Samuels, the mother. Is the Old lady on the left. leaning upon the arm of Mrs. HI George. The pallbearers, HI George, Warren "Welch, Sam Whltsett, Frank Orecc, Bill Gregff end Frank Morrow, who were comrades of Frank and Jesse James In .QoantrelTa band, are In the foreground. 2. This picture shows the new casket containing tho bandit's body as it was being placed In tho hearse at the Samuels farm for reinterment at Kearney, Mo. SnUTTOJ TOR THE BTJNDAY RnrUBUC. Jesse James's relatives were shocked last Sunday, when they learned the condition of his remains. They were supposed to have been embalmed and buried In a $509 me Xalllo casket. Even after a lapse of twenty years It was belloved that tho corpse would be In a fair state of preservation. The mystery of who paid for the coffin in which the noted bandit was originally burled has never been cleared. When Jesse James was Killed by Bob Ford at St. Joseph, Mo., April 13, 1S52, the body laid there several days, awaiting the arrival of the bandit's mother, Mrs. Zerelda Samuel, who went from the farm near Kearney to claim 1L Before elie arrived an undertaker received an order to provide a coffin, which would be of the ben metal used for the purpose. He declined to state from whom the order came, but the impression was general that (the funds were raised at Jefferson City. fThe condition of the casket lost Sunday Indicated that It was of cheap tin, badly soldered. When tha picks and shovels, wielded by a email party of relatives, on the Samuels farm, penetrated the soft earth and struck xhe casket, anticipation, mingled with varied emotions, was written upon each countenance. Young Jesse James, under the dripping ehelter of a bullet-riddled tree, stood with his erais folded. How should he find hli father, whose real name he never knew until aflr death7 Perhaps at that moment, while the rain fell In sweeping gusts, the grassy hillsides and deep ravines surrounding the farm .were forgotten blotted out by the memory of days when an a lad of 7 years he bad stood at his father's knee nnd heard him read to his faithful mother newspaper ac counts of Jes?o James. LJttlo Jesse then bora his father's assumed name, Howard, and. was known as "Tim." He did not then realize the significance of his father's1 irequtnt absence from home or the alcrt es ever prevailing in fhat home. Nor did lie appreciate the full purport of a brace of pistols, which lay constantly in reach, no matter where hln father moved. KIP POLLARD LOCATED HOLS MADE BY FORD'S BUL.LET. Now he was to seo his father as the wotld had known him, provided the undertakers' art had been fairly successful. Childhood lmpreesScns were to give placo to a mental imprint from glancing at the corpse Jn no other way has it been possible for young Tents to form a mature Idea of how his father looked at the time of his noted ex ploits, for Jesse James, after he was 29 years old. never hod a photograph taken. Out of the grave, seven feet deep. Zip pollard, one of the diggers, called to young Jessei "Send the boys to the side nnd wa will lift it up." Through tha drenching rain the email group of bystanders moved to tho open place, while Pollard and Zach Loffoon. both boyhood friend of the bandit, began to raise the moldy, rust-coverod casket. When sear the surface tha bottom cf the coffin t ell eat. The remains dropped with the excelsior ied. back Into the grave, and the skull rolled to one side. Young Jesse turned his face away for a moment, then gave direc tions, to throw out the top And tides of the casket. This was does. Pollard picked' up the skull and placed it again In the collar of tho black broadcloth suit which ap peared bright and glossy, and In strange contrast to the decay surrounding It. With the rain beating upon it the skeleton In its somber wrappings was then lifted to the surface. Again the skull rolled off. and Pollard was the first to part the locks of dark-brown hair, which still held on, and with his filn ger find tho hole which Bob Ford's bullet made. It was an inch behind the left ear. Young Jesse bent over, examined the hole and then noticed the gold-filled teeth. "Yes," he said slowly, "that's where Ford shot him. The teeth are filled with gold, ns grandmother has described. We can be aure lt"Ts my father." He had In mind his grandmother's fear that the body might have been stolen, not wlthstandinf tliat for twenty years sho had watched the grave from tho doorway of her little cottage. It was only a few feet from the door, in the southwest corner of the yard, nnd beneath the big tree where her second husband. Doi-:-r Reuben Sam uel, wan strung up three i ines by officers who sought to extract from Mm informa tion concerning the James boys. Tho remains were carried to the house and deposited in a cedar coffin, covered with black cloth. The coffin was rolled into the room where detective nad thrown the bomb which killed little Archie Samuels and tore oft his mother's right arm. There the casket rst-d uniil the funeral party arrived in the afternoon. Splendid Physique Indicated By Puffs in the Clothing. ( An idea of how Jesse James appeared in life was had, despite tha .decomposition. Though the clothes may not "make the man," the fold? of the old-fashluied Prince Albert coat, the lest and trousers, in which the bandit was buried, were eloquent. Broad ehoulders and a deep chest were denoted by the puffs and creases which marked the manner in which the form had once filled the garmenta The trousers, now partly crumpled over dust and bones, mutely in dicated what once were sinewy limbs. Tho length of the kneleton. about 5 feet 10 Inches, corresponded with accounts of his height, and it was easy to believe tliat he weighed 1T0 pounds. A glance at the face of the skull, with Its ; high, broad frontal bone and square Jaws, J afforded a mental picture of the border warrior as he was in life. Imagination easily supplied a pair of eyes which have been described n3 without definite color, but possessing a gleam, now blue, now black, and having a peculiar glint that may be noticed to this day in the eyo of his brother, Frank James. Among frontiers men and soldiers It is known as the "marks man's eye" Alert, yet steady, it Is ever penetrating. Josrc James Is said to have had such nn ce. The heavy brown hair was brushed back from n parting on the extreme left side, and even after the skull had rolled upon the ground It was noted that the brushing ef fect had a peculiar grace which Zip Pollard said was characteristic of the man. The full, brown beard, though neatly trimmed, stood out aggressively from square, firmly set Jaws. Actd frrtTn tho tire nith n? fh- fnrnHnr and the width between the ears, the back ! formation of the skull indicated brain ca pacity and intense emotional powers, ac cording tthe laws of phrenology. A deep seated bump, following graceful lines, was there to suggest passion such passlca that would lead a guerrilla warrior, sufferlns !. WHERE JESSE JAMES WAS BORN Log calin on the Samuels form near Kearney. Mo., which has li abandoned, the door ore partholes through which the Jamet boys fired on pursuers. from real or Imaginary wrongs, in strenu ous time?. Into a life of outlawry. As a border fighter Jesse James was given his Fecund burial, and his former com rades in Quantrell's band, who acted as pallbearers, seemed to bring an echo of that Interstate strife in which Jesse was trained as a rough rider. There, perhaps, he lort the snse of fear, and received the training which made his career of ad venture conspicuous In history. lli George, now a Deputy SherlfT of Jack son County, who enlisted Frank and Jess? James in Quantrell's band, may be taken as a type of James's early companions. Hugged, fearless In speech and manner and a dead shot, he speaki of desperate lighting in the same Jolly way that he tells of hav ing to cat dog meat on a campnlgn. Upon joining his fellows on the veranda of the Burlington Hotel at Kearney last Sunday he called: "Lookout for scouts!" The way In whoich he said It seemed to his hearers as though he would be as will ing to ride against a body of enemies with hi bridal rein In his teeth and shooting with both hands, as he would to sit quietly and tell a Joke, Frank Gregg, another pall bearer, who was one of Quantrell's cap talns. gave the same lmprepslon. Stern Comradeship of Those "Who Had Fought Together. During the proceedings Incident to the re Interment a certain grlmntss marked tha bearing of these men. Thy gave the impress-Ion that no regrets were to be ex prcssed. No matter what Jesse James was. or was not, he was their comrade In tho border warfare, and If that warfare had anything to do with leading him Into his Fubsequent career it was not a matter to lament; ho was still their comrade. To Frank James and each other they were "Boys." Their conversion In Frank's room at the hotel where hte lay sick while the body of Jesse was being ex humed at the farm, four miles away, re lated back to war times. Not a reference was made to tho years when the James boys were on the road. Frank never dis cusses this subject. Even when the funeral party, composed of the pallbearers, "members of the family nnd newspaper correspondents, arrived at the house In the afternoon, Frank refrained from calling attention to the old port holes, or the bullet scars In houses or trees. He pointed out the room in which his little half-brother was killed by detectives, and where his mother was maimed. "And that is the direction In which they ran." he said, wavins toward the hill west of the house. His eyes showed an unusual gleam, and for the first time his voice re vealed a trace of feeling. For a second only the expression of the "marksman's eye" was Intense. Visitors unfamiliar with the history of tho Samuels farm found it difficult to real ize that amid such a scene took place a part of tho James series of tragedies. That here Jesse was born and his family lived. When the sun came out in the afternoon the landscape surrounding the whitewashed farmhouse was the essence of pastoral peare. Billowy fields of com and crimson ciover scintillated with drops of water like diamond dim upon folds of green satin. Dark cloud"? formed the background, shad owing the detp ravines that lead from the farm Into the branches of Clear Creek. Pool Where the Boys earned to Swim. Along the bluffs of this creek the funeral cortege passed, and from a high elevation Frank James pointed out a "swimming hole" which he and Jesse frequented in boyhocd. Beneath these same bluffs detec tives afterwards hid. Just as they also con cealed themselves behind the mock-orange hedges, where Cow wild roses, elder and hollyhocks are blooming Midnight raoes of pursued and pursuers, dead shots and des perate riders, a score of years ago, took place on the road over which the silent funeral procession slowly passed. From the roadway one could see the homes of Mrs. Mary Barr. Jesse James's daughter; John Samuel, his half-brother, and his half-sisters, Mrs. William Nichol son and Mrs. Joseph Hall, all of whom have neatly' Kept cottages, surrounded by fertile fields, in the black soil of which grow abundant crops of grain. It is a garden spot Clay County and visitors are shown extreme courtesy. On tho way to tha Samuels farm, th Over residents of Kearney had gazed upon tha rroccssjon of six carriages and a hearsa from doorways and windows. The rain had subsided when the funeral party re turned, and every house along the streets trtversed reemed deserted. There are only alj3l two streets, and the route covered both, the cemetery lielng on the"routHwet side of the town, while the Samuels farm is on the northeast. Loyalty of Friends Who AKSembled at the Cemetory. The deserted vlllairo was accounted for J7 the crowd nsjxmbli-l under the poplars an3 maples at the emetcry. which may be sen from afar off. It occupies the nl?h et hi!! about Kearney. Almost the entire population awcmb'.ed there, and with th'm were many jersirs who had driven in from the country throimh the storm. Mo-t of the spectators gathered close to the fresh grave. Pollard and Iiff-on. who had exhumed the remains, dug the n-w crave, and the moment the pallbearers arrival with the casket long straps ere placed beneath it. Tlire It was susjiemled until Mrs. Ssmuel. supported by her son. Troiik James, and grandson. Jesse. Jr.. nmf up. and stood at tha hd. "Lower it." Hi George sakl. and without a word being spoken the coffin was lowered and the earth piled uin It Mrs. Samuels, her black veil covering her face, sobbed quietly. Frank Jarats looked not so much at the jtrate As he did towards the West, where the sun. through fU-etins stormcloudn cast blood-red rays over Mark thunder caps, and left a rainbow upon the shimmering green of r.ear-b hills. Young Jesse's face wore an In-vrutahle expresion. Members of the family deoted their at tention to tlw aged m-ther. while tho spectators cracd over each other" shotiM tts for a gHmpf? of the siivrr plate on the top of the orltin bearing the name. "Jeste James." From the home was brought a box of sea shells and some garden pinks, nhlch the pallbearers iinrl about the little mound. On one lde Is the grave of Sirs. Jame and on the Oliver the gravo of Archie Sam uels. Temporary head and foot boards were sU in place. twaitlng the removal of the white phaft from the Famueln' yard, where the body had retted since April. iWj a few days alter Bob Ford cut short Jesse's career. Mrs. Samuels Will Return to Old Home. The new gtave is within a stone's throw of where once stood the Baptist Church In which Jese James was baptised in ISC A minister of the Baptist Church, the Rev erend Mr. Martin, conducted Jesse's funeral service thirteen years later. That service was attended by many who witnessed tha reinterment, and they agreed with Mrs. Samuels that a sco!id rt'llgluus ceremony was not desirable. "After all the tragedy." said Mrs. Samuels, "I now hope to spnd the last few years left to me in peace. I thank God that Frank has proved to the world that he Is a good man. an upright citizen. He prom ises me that next spring, if wo live, he will go with me to our old home and re main by me until the end. Jesse Is at rest wlfh his wife and little brother, and I now fee' no uneasiness abcut his body. Ilia soul. I know. Is safe. There, on the farm, we may be contented, and try. as far as possible, to let the 'dead past bury Its dead.' thinking only of the bright side, and looking to heaven for the future." W. V. BRUMBY. Whims of Famous Singers. Mme. Scalchl wa." In a very sad way If the met any one who squinted, and she would co through a whole host of evolu tion to rid herself of the evil spell. Mario's foible was smoking. As smoking was forbidden at tha theater, ha would never sign a contract until the clause which made him an exception to the rule was inserted. He would have his valet waiting In the wings with a match and a cigar, and would rush off the stage, taka a few whiffs, and then return to a tender love scene. The cigars that he smoked coat him half a crown, and he never more than partially finished one. Even the street boys in London knew him and when they followed his carriage, cheering, ho would h-i-ve a handful of coins ready to toss to them. SfcUl Con-saetvjfnee of Tie 5aaiay BijoWIs. London. June 50. No doubt the attention which the American Daughters of the Rev olution have bten giving recently to the deeds of Captein John Smith, and the po Ject of marking the third centennial of liia landing in America by the erectkn of a talue. will cause an unusually large num ber of Americans to visit the last resting place of the founder of Virginia while they are In London this summer. The remain- of the great colonku ll in the old and picturesque Church or St. sep t It-lire, which stand in lloJborn Viaduct, where It has Newgate I'rt'ftn for a neigh bor. The Englishman, whose life Poeahon tai is said to have saved, died in Londort In 15H. and was burled In St. Sepulchres because he happened to b vlrttiiig tho house of a friend who lived in the parish. Tho church irat partly detmyej in the great fire that awt-pl aay most of the London of IMS. and rendered MO.to) pvupie homeless. The church was one bou.lary of the conflagration, and Its walls were left standing together with the stone adorred with the heads of three nej?re3 which marked the adventuruus Captain's lat resting place. The brass tablet to hl mem ory was destroyed, but fortunately rvords of It had been left, which mado it possible to duplicate it In the restored St. Sepul chre's. The quaint inscription is of uncom mon Interest Jut now. There was mere than a touch of pathos in the life which Captiin Prolth lived in England aftor he returned from hli second voyace to America, during which he mada hl famous explcrations of the coast of New England. He wk brimful , enthttsl am over the resources or the new l.ind from which he had e-nie. arc! eaer to In fect tho whole comitrv with bis enrti'tsi asm. He was successful in n'.nltig so nm-h, and there eerr- small d:ulK that it was "ic Interest cratcl by hi TVsrriptkm of New England." 'True Relation of Occur rence in Virginia," and many o'her trc ,unts of his travels, thit ontrilxitr. large.- to the English colonization of Plymouth, ilos ton and Baltimore. But he wae never to lead another expedition, as he had o inucn hojed. The PI) mouth Company made him "Admiral of New Enilanr." but th-: brok their promise to appoint him to tbe"l-.i.Jrr-ship of colonization sirr:,-,. He offer -d to load the Pilgrim Pnthrrs. who decline! his services, though tiley :il take obi book and maps, and &ae the leadership to .Miles Standhh Instead. Smith had named the country he had ex plored "New Rngland." and he had to figct to have the name kept, as many fo'k wr envied hirn the honor of having bes!rr-i It wanted to have It changed to Xusco-icis. WILL STUDY BIOLOGY IN UN OUTDOOR LABORATORY. Spehd Cunmwngtace of The Sunday J5oibi!i Boston July 1. There Is soon to be opened at Sharon, a. few miles out of this city, a novsl scientific undertaking to be cull-d th "Sharon Biological Observatory." whleh it is axpected will do work of a kind that has never yet been taken up In this country In Just thl same way. except perhaps and then only In part by some of the official State agricultural experiment stations. Tho director, to whom the es tablishment of the obTrvitory ! due. will be Mr. George W. Fields of the Massachu setts Institute of Technology, and although at present the etatlon Is nominally a pri vate matter. It will be conduced In accord ance with the advice and with the co-operation of the biological department of the Institute, with the intention of putting It in th- hands of n puMIc bonnl of 'rH,t"I!, at the first available opportunity. Some rw aeres of fields nnd pasture-, vallev land and wooy hillsides have been -et rM ior the olxervatory. ami the w.rk to b- done bids fair to become of vital Iroportanee o the farming- Interest of the wh"le coiinlry as well as to the general health and hy gienic life of dwellers In towns and clttes. Scientists LTare Made the Acquaintanre of ev Growths. Bacteriological rtudy will be a Ure part of the work. There was a time when trie name bacteria carried with It only an tin-pl-ajunt suggesti'.n-to most person it probably does now; but In the past few years the rcUntlsts have made the e quaintanre of many becterial arowth that are lneijclal. It sms almost possible, for ex.ampl. that some day they wr well enough understood and trained. If such an expres-Mon can 1 applied to them. that thev shall be the means of coiv.-r'ing the sandy ttretches of cisit land, or per haps, even the great de-ertn like Saha-a. Into blooming gardens. And It Is to afford an opportunity for the Investigation not only of this, but of every variety of pml lem connected with natural conditions out of doors, and of food products, the treat ment of domestic anlnals. study rl nativo birds, and the everyday creatures of the field, that the Sharon observatory Is belns; established. The obervatory will supplement and at the same time cooperate In th modern methods of i-cientlrle observation that ha of late y-nrs almost monopolised natural liltry and .n"l a place where teachers can bring their cHsses on open-air er'ar tf .lis. where tlie living er-atures will serve as object es.on to Illustrate th- Instruc tion of textbroks. 1-cture". char's and laboratory laeilgitbms. Not that the rn lm.1l will be confined In ctige" like th den izens of a zoo. Rather the obe-rvatory will be stock-d with all available native birds, fishes and animals and it is pretty w!l stocked already for that matter like a gtrat preserve, so that teachers nnd stu dents may go hunting for them with rei cils nnd notebooks Ins leads of g-jns and game bags. How Darwin Made It is Important Discoveries. Whoever has read any or the many ac counts of Darwin's methods will remember that It was largely in this fashion that the great naturalist mane many of his moat Important discoveries, and It is the Ifjp ot those interested In the new observatory to lenwaken this Intimate acquaintance with the living creatures as a means of sdn tlnc investigation. It is believed. In sh-rt. that the laboratory, with Ita mlcrostpsr in vestigation of animal organism, is al right In Its place, but that the livinir animal, c'lmblng a tree or making lt-:r a l.urr'iw in the ground, ought not to be altogether mglected. Actual opportunity for this Int'mate ac quaintance with nature Is not often avail able In the neighborhood of large cities, and then only in a more or ! haphazard fashion. One goes out to find a robin, but is very likely to find only a tramp. Bat at Sharon, about two miles distant from a small town, famous for Its health, quiet and respectability, and only about hair an hour's railroad Jcijrpev rrom Boston or Provi dence. Is to be a great preserve wher- th re are neither tramps nor poachers, and were the birds, beast and fishes are to he plea tirul and protected. Moreover, the 3W acres covered by the observatory Include a widely diversified territory. There are lowlands nnd uplands, brooks, ponds, pasture, marshes and scattering plcc-s of pr'raoval forest. One may study the niatu.g of HtiH In spring or the countbjMi tr.k whlcn birds and beasts have left upon the snow of a winter's morning with equal fariLty. and with nothing but the time-tab!- in your pocket to recall the fact that one Is within fifty miles of a great city. Nature study is the subject of the course wrich tha Institute of Technology gives at the observatory tor the first time during the present summer, primarily for teachers and others whose time Is too much taken up during the winter to permit attendance at schools or colleges. The work iail down for the summer school very well Illustrates the relation between the observatory and schools In general for the Institution is by no means Intended as a great recreation park for persons who like to see the birds and animals without desiring any more in- I h ill r tftfli 1 WHERE CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH IS BURIED. St. Sepulchre's Church. In London. Canada or Perm.iqull. The hope that he might yet lead colonist to America, died hard In him. He wrote work after wcrk descriptive of America, and ilnnlly took to traveling? about the country Isjrlbutlijg them gratl. snd never failed to send a whole armful to any rich noMeman whom he had h"ard was fit tins out an expedition perhaps the disap pointment over not pettintr a commnny irt-yed upon his mind, perhaps the life of xcitement. advrtfre p.nd physical strain hid told op his constitution mor3 than he tbouglit. but his health gradually broke down, until he died at the early age of 51. During his Inst years in England. Captain STsIth seems to have had no home of his own. but to have spent mo3t of his tima w:th different old friends. Most of the lat work he did a history of the sea wat turned o"t at the home of Sir Humphrey Vildmiv. In Isox. but he died while vis irntr Sir S -n-url Sa!ton.UU. In the Parish of 3t S. puicre. From that gentleman's A BIT OF THE "BIOLOGICAL. tlmat- scientific acquaintance. Th? students will b-c:n w.ti. g. r.eral blolosy the study of thoe processes of the living organism which are common to animal end vegetable life, ard embracing, therefore, a general laboratory and text-look knowledge of p'ants and animals with the whole observa tory as a dally utjl lejwon. Thn. on this InsH of g-n"al knowledge, the course will cover suceedvely "everal branch's of ioo! ogv and botany, and the students will thus lienwie r-niUariz- d with animals ns animals and w.th plant' as p!ant. Finally, the last week of the course will be devoted to physi osrnphy the why and wherefore, ns it were, of k ocraphy. and will Illustrate bit 1-- bit the natural processes that have de-it-loped the hills, valleys, brooks and pomis of the observatory. But the Influence of the obeervatoty naturally does not stop tl-ere. But th? is. after all. only fl small r"rt cf the programme of the new lntitutIoru It? direct bearing upon economic pr.Jems Is p-rhape of even greater Importance. There Is the "nltroeen rtxirjc; organism." fer example, which !nll the josstbiiiiv of turning the desert of Sihnr-. c b-for-mentioned Into a sr!en Thfc mfcrolie, which is still so n w In "ientlfic recogni tion that it has r-ally not been christened, although It has pparr I commercially un der various1 names given St by manufactur ing comp.nla. lives at the roots of clover and other leguminous plants, and manages. by some aa yet unknown process, to ex tiact nitrogen from the air with the plant as a medium of transmission. Apparently. tl.nt 1. the little microbe sucks nitrogen out of the air. using the plant very much aa a thirsty customer makes use of a straw in abstracting the liquid portion of an lea cream soda. The plant, however, still gets the b-nerlt of the nliroeen. and so does the soil In which It It growing. The fact Itself was Hscovrred when srltntlfle investigation began seeking a rM"on why the planting of clover In soil from which agriculture had already exhaurted the nitrogen, re stored the soil to its crlglnnl condition and made it serviceable .'or the planting of other crt.s. And it was found that this kindly microbe could be artificially trans ferred to certain oilier plants which could thus be grown In what had always been considered hostile territory. The discovery Itself simply opens th field to a long series of future experiments and its possibilities can only afl yet to distantly Imagined. Again there Is the microbe that purifies sen use and this Is only one out of many othr microbes which are engaged in a work of purification of one kind or another that h a material aid to humanity and that is now being Investigated at th- Insti tute, and for whoe comfort special ar rangements are likely to lie made at the Sharon observatory. In the animal king dom tnere are likewise a long Hat of possi ble Investigations. It has been recently proved at the Institute, for example, that a certain system of feeding hns produces an egg In which there Is a marked addition of Iron. There Is the posIble development. by feeding, grafting, or mating, of new or special breed of plants, fruits, trees, pig eons. er poultry. There Is the Improve ment of food products of all descriptions; even the Belgian hare, which most persons regard as a luxury. Is excellent food and very like a chicken, acordlng to those who have eaten it in California. But the question of the best methods of breeding the chicken-Hka Belgian hare In the cli mate of New Ensland Is still a subject for experiment and observation. And this list is a mere suggestion of the relation be tween sclenc and the problems of every day existence, for which the new observa tory Is Intended to offer a place for careful Investigation and solution. The observatory is thus meant to mrve a two-fold purpose. In Its relation to all house Is dated the qm'nt will which tho Captain drew upon the day he died, and which begins: "I. John Smith, being slcka In bodys. but of perfect mind and memory, thanckes be given to AlmigMIe 1 there fore." Th old warrior had ah"ut JS.CO In the shape of lands and houses. wMch he left to his friend Thomas Parker a clerk in the Privy Seal Office, on condition that Parker bury him. pay all debts and distrib ute various little legacies. To his brother's wire he left "the some cf fowerscore po'icd9 cf iawfu.il money of England." nnd to his "coen." Stephen," "ten pourtdes." To Par ker's son he willed his 'trunck.' which ha said would be found la Sir Samuel Soltcn etall's houe. and "my beste suit of ap parell of a tawney color, hose, doublet. Jer kin and cloakt." He nlso made provision for his monu mentfor he was determined to be remem beredand set apart no less than K'0 to pro vide the n. st stately funeral that London could supply. OBSERVATORY" AT SHARON. MASS. .he schools In Its Immediate vletelty B will be a permanent Mecca fcr the ednca tlonal pilgrimage of teachers and students a typical Naw England countryside pre served nrlth all its present natural comple ment of birds, beasts, fishes and iceneryj tarring, of course, the larger wild animals. In its broader sense It offers an opportunity for all the men or corporations Interested In modern economic problems from a Stata ( government anxious to develop the best and i mot economical method of sewage disposal I to a private person seeking to perfect soma ! half-achieved Improvement In tha growth j of cereals or the breeding of poultry to ei j p-riment under the best possible conditions J and with the advice and instruction of the j technology biologists. The possibilities ara ( apparently unlimited for the actual scien 1 tiflc study of agr.etilture. and of all food 1 products is practically Just beclnnlnr. and 1 there Is hardly n department of life upon which the Investigations already ttnder way j do not mere or leos directly touch. Stata i agricultural experiment stations, such as I that at Amherst, in this State, have al- r-ady Khown somo of thesa possibilities; but j th- S.aron otwrvatory Is intended to cut , out a new pre'h and concern itself wholly j with wnrk that has not been elsewhere un dertaken. Her Souvenir. "What In the world is this bunch of burned-out matches fori" asked a girl curi ously, as she Investigated the souvenir cor ner In the den of a friend. She touched a little bundle dangling by a blue ribbon un der e college pennant "That." r-pllcd the friend, with a remi niscent smile, "Is a memento of the neat est compliment I ever received. "It was one evening- when I was driving; In the park with Harry. We had all sorts of fights verbal, of course and the cabby almost went to sleep on his perch. For we were ro many miles deep In the excltlrur game of word-fencing thrust nnd parry, guard and riposte and all the rest of it. whatever the technical terms are that we Just forgot everything, ourselves, included, in the clash of battle." "How late wa3 It?" asked the other girl in a whisper. "Twelve o'clock." solemnly, "and realty those hours had Just flashed by like a whish of electricity. I never dreamed It was ro " "But wbat has all this to do with tha souvenir?" Indicating the bunch of matches. "I was Just going to tell you. When Har ry relit his cigar be remarked that that was at least the dozenth time he had struck a match in the course of the drive. And that was the highest compliment he could pay any woman to get so interested that he would let his cigar go out every few seconds. He told me to watch a man's cigar when talking to me: It was a sure sign of my conversational abilities If thero were many matches left on the floor to tell the tale." "And so you gathered them all up?" "Exactly. They were all over the bottom of the carriage. I am greatly puffed up over their number count them!" ' "Why there are twenty-two." The little rapid fire gunn-r in word wars nodded complacently. "Yes and he threw a few over the side," she added regretful ly. "But you Just watch the cigar here afterIt Is a great rival to have vanquished single-handed, I think." "But soma women don't allow men to smoke In their presence," suggested tha other. "That Is where they make a great mis take banishing a rival Isn't conquering it: besides. I like the fragrance of a good Havana. And it Is an added spice to victory to slay your rival In open field," and sfc rodded wisely. I t A4fr..avJJJt!?-1ga .- aW-jHf. -,, fcr . tsiasv-jXfi -- v ' -gEn? yatMiuv -VV'W