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The St. Louis Republic. (St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, October 25, 1903, Magazine Section, Image 52

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020274/1903-10-25/ed-1/seq-52/

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Two million anil a half of paupers awl
i their families, taken from the slums of
largo cltlc. are to be metamorphosed In
to land owners ami tasnayers. according
to the promise held out by Commander
Booth-Tucker, or the Salvation Army. In
a gigantic Irrigation and colonization proj
ect to be presented to Congress at the
coming session.
"The United Slates have 10.(OW acre
of land that by Irrigation will be the fin
rst In the world." raid the commander to
; tbe writer In outlining his plan.
"Now. If the Government will allow the
Salvation Array to colonize lOtf.OW acreo of
. this land It will be but the beginning of
. the colonization of the remainder of it.
I "Thei example set by the army will be
followed by other organization.", and this
mighty, tract of arable country a new
world In itself will be turned Into home
5 leads for God's people.
"Do you realize what that meaner'
The commander took a pencil and
j marked silently for a moment on a slip
of paper. When he looked up hl. face
i slowed with earnestness.
"It means." said he. "that CaWOlj mm
' who are now starving paupers, living In
r-misery and degradation In the overcrowd
ed cities, will become owner of home.
- fcnd Instead of being supported as objects
rt charity by the Government nil! help
h to support the Government,
r "It means that their wives and children
,: more than 1I.008,0 sculs will be given
the rlcht to live.
J- "If our nation is to be built so that It
'- will not dec-ip it must be built on the
i solid foundation of the home. There are
J O.W3.000 people In this great America that
S.are entitled to homes.
t "God made men la families.
"What man has the right to deny oth-
h ers the blessings of the hearthstone and
send them wanderers ovrr the face of the
"Why It was onlv other da-, tbot .-i
inenu asKtl me cu. I though tf ma:
tiase. If y dear sir.' rail I. you have touched
fan. ths- first, the greatest question of, all
X-' C y " "
Mfe. In Ionden one-third efftbe people
are married and two-thirds utuMrrfed.
"In America two-thirds axe toarried and
one-third unmarried.
"There Is a whole volume cf history In
those two simple facts.
"Need they ask why America is a great
"Need they ask why America Li ahead
or all nations In commerce and in enter
prise? With marriage and the home the
future of any nation is assured.
i-iiMc,. L,i f li-s A VERS
"We have mighty armps for killing
men. Wo send HM0 men into the flt-Jd
to destroy life.
"Whv not ut t&a tttt .. aa aa
WO.or.). 5.no.ew-im these great nelds of
w- i (a stvM iiieT
. 7Lh.c 1,Jatenon who will put his hand
to this plow and faithfully earn- out this
great project will be mightier than the
hero or a hundred lollies.
"Joseph did it.
"Those seen pat-u in .... -..
and dtspair were the greatest blessing that
the world has- ever known, for Joseph led
the people from one end of Kgypt to the
fT..? nd faW Ule foundation or the home
and liberty.
"We are reaping the benefits of that
colonization of Egypt to-day. Why. should
we. then, at this high stage of civilisation
leave our colonization to haphazard1
"Moses took Zoloft) eoPie tram Kgypt
to Canaan-ato mile atros. the country
We have a tract WH miles each way
..!fhJs ,ho ardn "Pot t the world.
III there not arise some modern Moe
to lead our millions into the nw light.
Into the nevr life?"
Commander Booth-Tucker said this at
the headquarters of the Salvation Army
the other afternoon.
He had Just returned from Ogden Utah
where he had attended, with 1.53a dele
gates, the National Irrigation Congress.
The result of this congress will doubtless
be active measures on the part of the
Government to Irrigate vast tracts of arid
lands In the West and Southwest.
Within the next few years the United
Slates will expend something like $16.
C00 for Irrigation purposes, but Irrigated
ijiuu wuitoui -ciuprs is value'
It is jij th i u.tiiciioi! thai I 'i-T i.. ,
ct has made a pr.'p -it Jon to ti-. Sc-,. I
tary of Sta:?, who in turp h-ts promised j
t bring: the matter before President I
JSoscvelt. 3WU1 lis view: pf liavlns him '
recommend hi :s Joes-se to Congress an
ajacadntent to the present taws, so that
the Government may make loans in the
actual settlers and inhabitants, thim help
ing them to colonise the districts to be
The -whole plan 11 to keep out the land
imtbber the speculators, who. with the
W of dummy homeseckers. obtate pos
session of thousands of acres of eholee
lands and debar the genuine pettier from
oMalnlns; n farm and home.
But the head of the Salvation Arm? in
America goes further than thl..
He purposes to zv.'oluikmlie the methids
of colonization in the Vnlted Stat. s.
Instead of the !nists being m-tt of
some little means. Uooth Tucker purposes
to give the worthy paupers an opportunity
to reach Independence and liecinvj fix
payers. Ills plan la this:
That the I'nited States Government shall
make the Salvation Army tbe colonization
agent of MQ.W acres of Irrigated land, to
be sold on long time payments to worthy
poor persms.
In order that these rettlers may prop
erly cultivate the soil and build homes
and make livelihoods for themselves asd
families. It Is proposed that the Govern
ment shall lend to each purchaser of forty
acres Joftt. which, with the price t to
la ni. shall be charged up against him at
a fair rate f Interest say. S per cent.
It Is suggested that tbe land be soM on
contract, and. until full)' paid for. that the
title shall remain In the United States In
fee sample. i
The Salvation Army asks for no re
muneration for acting as agent, and the'
actual cost of finding et tiers for the land
will be nominal, as It will be con
ducted In connection with other philan
thropic work performed by tlie vast ma
chinery of tbe big organization.
All that the Salvation Army desires to
gain from tbe project Is the right to pro
vide homes for poor persons who, have
btxn carefully investigated by n Sxunl cf
li I'irr or.,?J UootlTu. ker warts t!i-
t n Vd State"! iot Tow th a-tvn of New
Zealand, which n.is the Urst Government
to undertake coainiutton en a sjitematlc
Idas. ad. Mbiih undtc the advauccj-to-
settieis act has voted JI3.tKrt. to be :n:
to colonists at the rate cf !' t-r . cut nr
In the last few y.-ars th New Zealan.l
Oownment has been inlying bark latg
estates from private lndivhlual.- to whom
they were formerly told, rcsuneyinc them
and dividing them Into farm of from flfty
to one bundre.1 acres, and grazing farms
or from Bve hundred to three thousand
acres, which are sold on time and ad
vances made In H ..rn... rAM a
stock and equip them.
One large tract of St.eto acrs was re
cently bought buck and mbdl- dl In thl
Apirflcan. for land in New Zealand are
put through a rigid examination, awl It
it is foind that they have farm else
where, they are denied the privilege of
occupying Government land.
The man. who has neither land, money
nor experience in farming I- carefully
"shepherded" by th-i ttevernment awl h
put to work till he has gained the neces
sary knon ledge, and Is then helpl to
Ucome a permanent settler and home
lnder ltl lulkhv. tiu. .... ..&.. t-
comes. In a few years, a taxpayer, and
even during the preparatory chrysalis
stage, meets all the expense) of Ms trans
formation. WltlUl.lt IlliH I.M1I.U I..
competition with outside llor. There are
.uhj-m.c in inese jarm settlements in
New Zealand, the ol.Je.-t of which I the
systematic employment and training of
mm out nf tt-n1r fn M.kn. i.AHAd. ..
IHzatlon elsewhere provides nothing better
uwn iiiniynuuse. jaiia and Dotter's flelda
Thev cover nti ara nt tvi -.
"" " ". U( V SU.SSV KV . ", 4111U
c" them the men arc prerarei! to own
LOXNK AliRlVrifli l.-rii
Ta addition to tho eettlement of. farm I
la-da, loasa are mda to jvorkmen la tho
loans, so that thv ma acquire tl..u
own uburb.in lots ;tm mtage.
The advances mail- hv the Governmrfii
c.iti he either on the fixed-loan or the In
stalment system.
n the Instalment plan mortgages ate
payable by sevnty-three half yearly ity
ments of principal and Interest combined.
The payments amount to onlv JltW
per hjlf vear on each W. advanced. o
that thev will I within casv teach of the
m the Oxed-bMn sstm mortgages may
be gmnted for any period not exceeding;
ten veatr. the principal being payable at
the end id" the term.
The result In New Zealand has been em
inently satisfactory to all psriies con
cerned, ami the effect that was aimed at
to cheek he exwhas from the country
the cities has been speedily brought
In gernr some what Into tbe details' of
hi pUn. Commander Rooth-Tneker says
tbe value of tbe United Stales Govern
ment lands in their arid state Is Jl.K an
It will cost $W an acre to Irrigate them,
and when thus delivered to the settler
they will represent an actual value of
One hundred thousand acres, ready for
culU-vathMi. could be turned over In forty
acre farms to i" cotonHts. which, with
a loan of CX. would represent an advance
of INS.
It Is aseerted bv the commander, how
ever, that as soon as a colony is formed
and houses and buildings are erected, the
value of the land will immediately in
crease to J3 an acre
He shows thl" b f..,- ? j. n the
growth othT e-cli-, . j. 3 n'ire Und that
v. - 1- !'g' '" " t? .. n :i i r-w wcr-'v
j: i at J t"3 af.e-- a. ic 1 j i'f fx years.
He argues, therefore, that Its Govern
ment bcldlnc the title In the lacd. wlU be
utaply secured, tavlac taaij a. cash iut
v.-r e ,.f Jirift'i on property wort") JS,
" '.-Tn at. I riijly Increasing In val :e
He points to New Zealand, which h.is
len ensaseil in her remarkable experi
ment in sociology for ten years, and ha
thus far not lost a dollar on account of It
but. on the contrary. It has become a
paying Institution, the Government bor
rowing money at ; per ent and lending
it to colonists at Hi.
"Eery one who has had any experience
In the question." said Commander Booth
Tucker, -is aware that the onr discourag
ing feature in Irrigation has been the
s:.iies with which the lands have bee-t
occupied oa tho usual voluntary principle
i-ii-inmi ij- tanners possessing a
small amount of capital.
"The heavy expense connected -with
keeping up the canals makes It Im
perative that tbe land should be occupied
""" nnr uiihiim ceieriiy.
-Otherwise, the charges for Irrigation,
falling upon the few become extremely
burdecsome. alarming prospective settlers.
The entire work of colonization should
be done systematically under the direction
of some experienced head.
"By no means should It be done bv nrt
vate capital for private gain
"If some idillanthroplst should advance
the monty the colonization could he
equally well performed by the Suvatfcm
Army by purchasing the landought as
by an advance by the Government.
"Rut as the Government Is anxious to
have Its lands filled by good sett t
seems tn m that th. .1 . .'""s. It
gesle,. entirely practical 'and "serva"!
Thr "UPictinn .- . .t .
. -.;:: -' "' . i.r -... ;
rka and Bngiand to the cred.lt of ths
Salvation Army
During his twenty years- residence in
India aa commander of the Salvation
Army forces Booth Tucker made a clo
study of irrigation that has served hint
well In the work he has been since called
upon to perform.
The farm colonies of the Salvation
Army In America were organized in ISSt
to prove the possibility of rellevln45
congestion of tho great cities by remo.
In worthy but poor families, furnlshlnr
them with the necessary capital and set
tling them as home-owners upon the land.
It was argued by some at the start that
the poor persons In the cities would not
go. that they would not stay, that they
would not work and would not pay.
On the contrary, they have gone, hiv
stayed, have worked and have paid. They
have become owners of their own farms
and home. anil the percentage of rallurea
lias been much smaller than was antici
pated. In addition to this, thoustnds more
woukl have settled there It the necefsiry
capital had been available.
The colonies of the Salvation Army It
America are Flirt Amity, in Colorado, la
the valley of the Arkansas River, on the
line cf the Atchbon. Topeka and Sn!x
Fe Railroad. IS! miles east of Denver:
Fort Remle. In the Valley of the Salinas
River, near the Ray of Monterey. Cal
ami Fort Herrick. In Ohio, about twentr
miles from Cleveland.
All together the three colonies consist of
some 3.ft) acres of land and have a popu
lation or about M. The families are en
tirely aelf-s'itiDOrtlrir. Some of them have
already paid f.r th-Ir holdings.
Many rf t' r twest. acre fatms are to-'a-
i a'j. J a r. -a f to tV' and on
- orne cf tt.;ni st.:5 houe an-.l barns hata
been erected.
. T" settlers of these colonies -were la tlM -t
Continued, ca f axa cyc ,
-. --Jg.

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