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&THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC: SUNPXY. IMLAlY 2.0, 1!)(U.
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC. PUBLISHERS. GEORGE KNAPP & CO. "CasrIes W. Knapp. President and General Manager. George U Allen. Vice. President. W. B Carr, Secretra-j. CEco: Corner Seventh and Olive Streets. (KEPCBUC BUILDING ) , TERMS Or SUBSCRIPTION': CAILT AND SUND sY SEVBX ISSUES A WEEK. By Mall In Advance Postac Prepaid Oio yesx.............. .................. ................It Fix months " Three rnontLs 1 Any three days except Sunda) one year 3 () Pundaj. with aiagarlae --"J SpeelEl Mall Edition. Scnday 3 ' Hilnday Maxaalre I H BY CARRIEK-ST. L.GUIS AND SURURRs' rr rec, dally or.l) C cents Per week, dally arJ Sunday It cents TWICE-A-WEEK ISSUE fibll-bed Monday and Thursday one yeir 51 W "e It liy bans draft, express money ordir or regls Serea Utter. Address: TUB 11KPUBL.IC. St. I.oul. Mo STejected communications cannot be returned under C"T circi-rcstacces Entered la the J'ost OlHce -it St. I-ouIs. Mo . a. second class natter DOMESTIC POSTAGB PER COPY- Eight, ten and twlic pages 1 cent S'xtecn. eighteen and twenty pages - 2 cents fo. on or 3 cents for two copies T-vcrty-two or twenty-eisht pases cent tThlrty paces J cents IN EUROPE. Tho RejHiN.'c Is on file at the follow ins places: IjONDON Trafalgar building. Northumberland " avenue, room 7 W PARIS 10 Boulevird d"s Capuclncs. corner Place "i de 1 Opera and C.3 Rue Carabon. tqs RERUN Equitable G-baude. .7 Frledrlchstrasse. TELEPHONE numbers: Beil. Kinlo'-h Counting-Room Main ZO'.S A GTS Edlto-lal RecepUcn-Room Mala 2SJS A f7 tertftlnmc article on ( liildren I Have Known." In teresting sketches, nf tin? author's travel In many parts of America ami Kurope Tin- htinnrttiis fea turcb are furnished l.v Tom Jlasson. V. .1. laimptuii. K!I Perkins. S. i:. KKer ami others u1:im' nanne are Known to the ?rr.u rtdillug public. I'ranU I'ut nam. I.lnytl Unlit rt". Joint I. ml low. Klf-iln:li llllgslts :il!l Ildlth tsesiins Tnpper enlivtli the pai-t. with bright Iills of mtc If Joll like genuine ttialiiv In .i ma;ri7iiii ;ii this one. SUNDAY. MAY a VMA. Circ-ula.-bioa Xiarirs.e; April. W B Carr. Business Manager of Tho St. Sxiuls Re public, being duly sworn, says tint tho actual number rf foil and complete copies of the IJtIIt and Sundiy Bepubllc printed durlnc the month of April. ISM, all In reealar editions, mi as per rchedule below: Date. Copies Liate Copies i io.i.tai' 10 ior..oio 2. lo.-'Jll 17 (-iiimIii ).. .. . .1 1 !..".'!( r. (Snndir) fJO.Oto Is 1 01. S!M 4 io.-i.s7o i: to.t.r.i-o r. io-.io it... in l.sito 7. .... .s. 10S.2"M K ..... 1 O.tilMl It 101.41HI JO (SnndBy).....ISO,lill 11.............. lOt. I.'o 1..........:.. . 102.S70 jx io:t.i7o 34.......... . ...KII.CIO 1.'...... ........ 101,370 -o. ............. i u::.7:to fc ! 0bj1' i io::.ic:i) -4 Snndii).. ... . lUiOO nft. ............. 10Z.o70 "I 102.S0U .... .......... 103.40 IIM.O40 a-I. ............. 104.S7U ::t. .......... . . .nts.isu Total for tho month a,171,:55 Less all copies spoiled In printing. left oter or uicu. ............................... .o..4. Net unmber distributed 3,1 Ol .SOS Terace dally distribution J 03173 And aaJd TV. B. Carr further sajs that the number of copies returned and reported unsold during the month of April vrtus 4.73 per cent. W. B. CARR. Sworn to and subscribed before me this JOth day of JAprlL J F. FARISH. Notary Public. City of St. Louif, Mo. JfjCtenn expires April 2i 1S05. L j. SUGGESTING XT. In tho closing days of the last sexton of Con gress, one of the Itepret-entatlves of a. Northern State was complaininj; to a colleague of the political nonactlvlty of a number of his constituents inora lie had been influential In placing- in public offices. There is nd use talking." he taJd, "this civilian-ice Jbuslness Is a humbug. I nnmed four or five fellow for pood jobs, and as soon as they sot iiarm in tlieir seats they snapped their fingers at me. They felt that they vrere protected by the civil servic". and made up their minds to lay down and not do any tvork." ' "That's nothing- to a fellow that I had appointed," aid the other man, who hailed from one of toe .Western States; "he was worse than any of your fellows." "Why, what did he do"' Inquired the Xorthf rner. f "Do?" was the indignant reply. "Whv. as soon as he got his place he joined the church, and now ho Is useless as far as our political organization is concerned." All of which Is rather hard on the politician. Tho story, however, is not offered for the purpose of showing a distinction between religion and politics; hut merely by way of illustrating the excellence or The Republic's Magazine number for next Sunday This little anecdote in but one of a dozen which make up a single page. Every page of next Sun day's number will contain matter of exceeding In terest. If beauly counts for anything, the front cover of next Sunday's issue will make a distinct impreIon. Titian's idea of a beautiful woman is a prevailing Idea txxlay. Tair skin, auburn hair and brown eyes we the fashion. Imiglne perfect features livened with an oppressive smiie, lustrous eyes under dark brows, a crown of red go!d lock, and you have a notion of the young woman who adorns the front cover. In her hand is a yellow rose, a leaf of whicli she is holding between lips that are crimson bows: and tho smile reveals beautiful teeth which are a fascination of themIes. The richness of coloring and beanty of drawing are exquisitely reproduced, making the picture one to be sought Then, there Is the detached pictuie which comta unbound so as to facilitate framing or preservation in a portfolio. Tills picture in the softenr colon portrays two dainty young women showing a wed ding dress to their old negro "mammy," who is cltsplng her hands In a iterfect ecstasy of admira 1icn. There Is a bit of tender sentiment In the theme subtly developed by the artist it Is one of those pictures which "grow on you" as rod study them. One of the specially attractive features of next Sunday's number will be a description. Illustrated by numerous photograph, of the collection of dishes used by all the Presidents of tho United States, which Mrs. Roosevelt is making for a permanent exhibit at the White House. The article is written bj- Mrs. Abby G. Raker, who Is collaborating with Mrs. Roosevelt in making the collection and ar ranging the exhibit. "Mukden's Sacred Tombs," where the Manchus Irary their dead. Is described by Captain A. E. I'lorkowski. formerly of the German Army, who visited Mnkden bo recently that he brings the news that Japan is pledged to China that no desecration of the tombs by invading forces shall be tolerated. Mukden seems to be one of the centers of the con flict between the Russians and Japs at present. Tins number of the Magazine Includes some par ticularly 8tronjr fiction "The Princess Sorcha," an Irish Folk Tale, by Beumaa MacManns; "Breaking It to Roe." a love story of toay. by Anne O'Hagan; "The Fire Drill March." a thrilling In cident in school life, by Elliott Flower, and "A Bank of England Yarn." by Alexander Del Mar. 'i in: t'li'Y .s Tin: r.u.rv. Wh n pra, tk.il iiii-ii pejk of aiitaguui-ui between lam and ci: ;m- do not iii-mii tli.it Hi- pohtu al part.i is fot t the cllj. Tliej do not question the ttsffulm (if p.:rl. irg.iiiizjtioti and i'iule.ior. The ide.i d(s hnplji. imneier. that th- cll 1 greater than the party, and that. loii-eqiuMiiIx. a pin.' worth is to tie judged It It ueflll:i,s ti the -it. Parties .ire :ii-s.ir. In religious, fralern il. art. -Coiltihe. tecllii'(.ll. -oei.il and Inrllli a .oei.illon-. a well a.s in jiilllSt . fliei ei-t a:al nil! coiitmile to evi-r. WIieiii'cr and ultireitr pa'tics eUi tin re is need of organisation, and org:iuix:it!ou i elT.i-Kd elihir Iv :iMiwil nllegiaine or imploil iinejii. or lion P iriics lusMiiie ms-t mi oii :! omit of dllfi r t'Ui i"" of opiu-ou and lari.itioiis in sMiidanls; iIhti- fore. j arlies stand for poln it s ami 1. Hi fs. In politiirs it is iniiM-r:itie that p3rln- le well or g-iulzed !n I that policies b" ileaily ilelimil The mien li or party embraius a mtlej liieinberhip. which can !, tnamucd onl through orsauizalioii. Tliee and otter rea-nus and fads epl.iiii the ei isieute of partii -. and thev ludii-.ile thai, while names and l-iies mai change. I In re will he parihs as loug us ther' are diflVrew t of opinion anil nt a tiotis In standards. It might be said as truly that, except at iuterwik. there aiwajs will lie clique with in partii.s. Theie is no Inipiititlon ag-ilnst ili- parti In illus trating tile municipal Mtuaiiou by 'lie caption. 'I !i City i 'Ihe P.irtj. On the contrary, the caption dcMTihes the exact mission and even llie mrd of the lartj. Kcscrlltitig the relation of the parly to the Utj. It exenlplitl( the chief local object for whic'i the party exl-is,. Regarding local IsbiK-s and p rforiuanivs the i-ity is greater than the party. The parl.x Is Mi;io-cd to be an agen'-y for "providing good go rutuent; that I-. for carrying out the jolicies of a majority of the tti ens. Ihe virtue of tne party i telative. because the part Is t iiher good or bad as judged bj what it does or di,e not for the i ll The ttnblNliiueut of a i.itiii.iui nt clue :is,i,ila tton, as an independent part. wotks tow'ard the dl advantage of the public, a.s it complicates the ptob ietii of organization: and this iiuy be accepted a a warranted conclusion, uotwith-laudiug that inde pendent liarties triumph upon occaon. 'I 'ie belter method Is to preserve sianuMrds by tnaintainiu ap provedlivic as-soeianons to which even a onlirmtd partlau maj In-long, but to preserve good goveri, uient by making the recognized parties fiilhll tlieir mUsIon. The principle by whicli citizen should detide and net is that the party i the servant of the city: that the city Is greater than the parly. If a parlv' plan" and work are for tbe good of the city and of the community it is a party deserving of approbation from the voters; but If a party makes its own inter ests piramoi'tit it becomis u machine which Injures the gi'heral Interests. To the oters It is The City vs. The Party. That is. they must cast away mere partisan sentiment and ask themselves whether the party, in power or out of power or seeking power. Is serving the city or serving Itself, or which of the two It Ls likely to do. That it Is the latest and ltet meth-jd for purifjing the party and making business niluiinistnition permanent. attire and tarriid to put on the victim's clothes. Tin innovation would have been a notable : success If the victim's wife had not tried to lock the burglar in the house. That the burglar Is gaining in self re ,sp. ct is a gratifying .sign, as it iu.iv In- posdhle lo meet him ofteiier. .. Mine. Curie, the deliverer of radium among other things, has not Iweu iuvlti lo the I air :i a - iftil'-t. it is Mid. because she lias "no established siientilic lMisition." 'Ihat l one of the penalties of genius on ii. whole it appears wise to eiia!i. genius, for the world would be couMauily upset It iiianv of our stablished scientists left their seuiri tj of po.sltiou and went out ami liscoverel things. Mr. IIc.ui I'olU. a lnoilor of .Ii- I'olk has been renominated for Mate '1 naurer in It imcsee. Prob ably 'leniiesMo didn't want to take any ehaiiies on his coming to .MisMiuri. MliMiuri has a good Treas urer of Us own and prohabl) will -mtlmie to liave. Cinisfiiueutly wehall not resent Tenness.s action. Kes'Ji-s Missouri Isn't greedy for al! the good nun. other Slates w d them even more. ... William Allen White lias opened the political gale to Journalists; by uavriug to ai t as Stale Ac countant In Kansas without ompeuation. There are sclera! wa.is of getting into nillce and more of getting out. "Ihe Governor let William out. .-.. In imblie liiisin, s-s the dictionary dePnitions of words should not be taken literally. Ihe Post oniee Depart luent eems to interpret the nnidjust ineiit of postmasters' salaries as a few decreases and many increase The Postmasters .smile. And why shouldn't the ? " --. , Chicago's genuine ?ppreeIatlon of our World's Pair not mat we didn't thoroughly i njoy anil value Chicago"' ls th newest manifestation 0f the broad, wholesome, progrcssve spirit which has made that city great and Iulluriitiil. ... ONLY THE ASTRONOMER'S IMAGINATION CAN REPRESENT THE UNIVERSE AS IT IS. BY GARRETT P. SERVISS. Dramatists and novelists will pkas-e note tliat Santos Duir.ont's, new airship requires atmosphere. The truth must le told evn to the extent of sav ing tint for ever thing the ntmosphere Is better when clear and fresh. The National Congress of Mothers ins denounced pol.vganiy. Without open Indorsement as vet. th" Congress Is prewired to suppon Mr. l:ooevelt If !iu will put a race suicide plank In his platform. wp.ttsn iT.it run vtiir ps-prri w I'liMlinff one vvmUifSH s iinuirr- night in the middle of a IaKe in the Adirondack wildorres. who.4v vvatr as a.s smwth and retks-live ai the surfme of a looklnt: (!las. i had a sturtlliiR ldo:i of the mil ver .- a it really ' Tlie little lale was om a njountain to), v here it oecuiled a dl!i-sh-i.I ileprs Ion and Its ', .'i ,n . hi- .r-il uiili .is h dim Hi.iiioT.-v rin. b lilig a cumiihte pliere of htar-n'!-d !. one of wlice-e h. no.-pUt.-es wjs ovtr my feail aid the other beneath mi fe-t For tne. In that s'laatlor:. thu earth nut aiinlhll.it. d I vas afloat In the midst of th universe St.crt al.ive. bIov. to the riKLt. tit the left -In "very comelvabV illr,-cii. a. Vhti I allone.1 my inuie.njiio i to tale full tommand, aid gave m"If up to ts- hn irtsJons of tbe -I-rile.I fens- of KlKht. a numrntar U ili wlucti annd on all sides. It was as if I i. iBs,n shot oat Into the Nk. and murt Inevitably fall Into tlw nbjsa on whore butloni Iny the stars At tim-s. I lost the sens, 0f direction, was confuted N-tneen up and lwn, and seemtil as Ii5.t to fall one waj as an other. Then I would if- seiied with tho terrible sensation that I actually was falling li wis a relief to (eel a tnuon frotn the hand of Ihe slhnt guide. viho thoughts were fcbo-t li i r. and not about stars .and fathti less (llj-t.-itif - I hive ofien :rid lo ri"-r, ite in ritm or the er( 'len . ' ir 'I i tl . only Hum I have I , 1 a . , .. i! .. -nprehen i -n of tl e p t ( r r ' fi Af ,.ron I oinv wl.nh is Hi it III leavens are cv -rtning at.d ll.t- .ailti relitivrlj noth ing. Of coune. no duelled fJ ron diput this, and Jet 1 doabt if many realize il The earth oi which we stand screens off half Hie mi. verse from our view, .mil me think ool of what ans-its above our heads i t cNarly p'cturuig wh.it N at lb,- . tune bent . Hi u. and on tlif otter .de of Hi- earth. Tl- wn. In Its turn, ilecrivesi us as to the real fact bj blindiig our ees. through its obvructlvc proximity. It is a candle flame, and we it- duZKle-1 mo'hs KulieriM; r.ur It. and losing the ense of j,rop"jrtIin as con cernr. both lit;ht and dktance. Only tle iuugliatitiii of the astronomer can represent the universe as It Is. as It uppe-rtil lo my .en oi tint nluht In tle -VHropdJsks. Tho inlrd. If It will ex-nlsft In r. can dim nNh Ihe earth to a mote of di.vt ard ih- si.n lo a point of light. Ii distinguishable among mlllkin of oihes lll.e It. and then only III the real truth aop-r.r Then onl." will an tnn realize tilt fatt that the e-vrlh and lt pettv dimens'o!!s a-e n mori capable of meHsurinz bis erson-iiv thnii a thimMa is c.isili of containing the Atlantic UCS.JH SuppoK- that some midnight oti coull lve vour tifd an! pa3 llVe a sjlrlt througli the rcsf o it Into sfooe At jcu Hid "Ifalglit an ty f"-tim the eo-ih It would rtsirott'e a rocrd Mack cloul hdmg the stars le-hind 1' b .' r p!dl lruimng srnitller So ' w Id be far dmlii Ished tint h rim if t'le - n tshlrd !t would apse r all roi.nd Us cin umfrerc he a bru-iit goidci r ng In a Utile whila lonser the tarth wrouM bae siirunk to a blurt circle projected asainst the srn"s di-fc That circle would Let smiller until It Iw-iiih a mere spe. . and after that im would act it no more In Hi- rm.-intlme the sun tm would dimmish. At a c-rtaiu litan - it would ro Iiuis.er nprfir Irg- niu ich to show a dblt. It 'tould Lave duimlli to the sir, and brightness of ttn oriinarv sti-. 1'resentlv jou would lo-e It among tha multitude of its fWlort slars Son jtei would le )-iuallv in the sit uation of mv little boat on the "tar refect ing lake cnlv insli id of half the ho! osr phrc around vou being ocruplt-d with ths nine Images of star. ral stars would shl-ie In every direction I p and tl"3 would actuallv- have vanibfi as fs-; nt oi.r ctinciounes3 Heaven would as loncer n-ni to t- slrrplv -vbove - ou You wculd undernrand upon how filse -in tea. Is baicd the habit of men of looking ove Ihelr heads when they prav Vou would ptrcelve that h-Hven is all biut you. and that It had t.t-n n es abm:t yen when jou wert on earth and near the K.n. although th t irth ird tbe un tten " rfiv.d vnu through voir unconscious mar nifi atlon of their tnie re'mlve Importinc ard voar mi-arprrhtnslcn of their real en irorrent ivp-riht. 1 br w n. lt.arr Grtivl nrluin rlsrits r.s.rr t MOTHER'S FIRST DUTY IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF HER CHILD'S CHARACTER AND DISPOSITION. -.-. August 11 there will be a p trade of r.nvO auto mobiles in St. Iuis. The plans for the demonstra tion look like a designed uliront to the Missouri mule. -. A speei il rfti tlon should lie held to elect an Of ticlal Peacemaktr who would quell disturbances and settle disputes, In this j ear's conventions. 4.. The tree-dwelling Morir. h ire moved Into a large oak mo in the WorldV Pair grouinls. They live high aud like lo branch out. - If Vales can get Cool: County, . lie Is trying to cio. ne win in a nice nn stug Tor His opH.neiils at the next convintion. ,- BY ELLA WHEELER WILCOX. RECENT COMMENT. HOTKI, ACCOMMODATIONS. World's Pair -visitors- naturally wish to ascertain, before starting for St. Louis, whether they will have dltheitlty in securing lodging and whether the ciwt of living has been increased to exorbitant licures-. The assertion may cause Mirprise, but It Is not l-s true, that the cost of food and lodging ls scarcely any greater than under normal conditions. The visitor who exereiees ordinary prudence will manage to get good quarters at low rates. The hotels and rooming houses can accommodate 1'lHi- (KI guesttj. without crowding, and they offer good accommodations. The prices for rooms are from 50 cents a day up. Kxcellent lodging may be se cured at ?1 a day. Meals cost from 25 cents np The average price of a meal single order In th.- better hotels is 60 cents, and In swine of the better restaurants a good meal can be obtained for i!T cents. Meals cost whatever the guest desires to pay for them. The cost necessarily depends on the purse and the fancy. The World's Pair Bureau his directed the ao commodatlono problem Kystomatlcally, and has thereby succeeded in regitfatlng the capacity to the demand and tbe prices to the ndvantage of all con cerned. Hureniu. of Information, where reliable in formation is offered to those who apply, have been installed in Union Sintion and in the AdmlnKtra tion building in the World's Pair grounds, as well as In various parts of the city. Prep nations ure such that Tisltors may be assured. In advance, that .they will have no trouble In getting good lodging and at reasonable cost. With rocT.ilar hotel accommodations for 200,iih) persons St. Juniis is convinced that It can show its guests the hospitality which they have a right to expect, Kvcry ptecautlon Is taken to kp prices down to a fair level. The service feature Is well organized. It is appreciated that the city would re Injured If guests were mistreated, and the object Is. therefore, to see that there Is no extortion or over crowding. Even while the world's congresses and big con ventions are In progress the accommodiitlons will le adequate. The World's Press Congress, the Inter national and National Good Koads Congress nnd the convention of the General Pederation of Women's Clubs took place simultaneously, and there were ro complaints about the hotel and restaurant sen ice. Por the National Palucational Association the com mittee has sccntvd quarters for more than oO.OOO guests, l'et. tlie accommodations are sutiicient for 150.000 additional vlsitori. It Is evident, therefore, that the equipments are adequate. The prices suit the circumstances of the visitors and are practically the tame as in ordinary times. Visitors may be sure of getting satisfactory accommodations and they may be confident that prices are reasonable. The treet transportation problem seems to be solvisl beyond the most con fident expectations. In other words It 1ms ceased to be a problem. The hotel situation Is equally favorable to the visitor. - That the Igorrotes arc women suffragists has been suggested as the explanation of the fact that the men eat dogs. The cuisine might be improved if the -women paid less attention to the polls and more to the kitchen. - Advancement ls noted In nil of the higher sciences and arts. A St. Louis hnrglar, who desired to Improve his pprnonal appearance, disdained to BroDzhtox Brandenburg contributes a highly en-J leave his .temporary; .workshop In his prof cseional 1 The Untitling of Hill's follj.t siturd iy K.entng 1W. After 1"73 he moved ag-tln decisive v. lie declared In 1ST thit he meant to pLt the Groat Northern across the comment His friends stood surprised, nnd again the wHo men laughed. Hill, the) snld. was insane. No trins .ontinentnl road hnd jet been beutlt without milking the Government, thit wns the primer of transcotitinenfil railroad ciTort Hlthi r the United States Treasury must be looted or nn enormous grant of public lands coaxed from Congress pid jtr. jihi, h,,.,- ask Ir0pose to build i line with his own money to compete with there subsidized whabs' Moreover, did he propose building his lino north of the Xorthfrn Pacific, which was already so far north that Its country would not crow wheat' From conclusions drawn in this wa it rtmiir'd onlv to nickname the new venture, nnd tho Great Northern was dubbed Hill's Poll", but he had et his face acrosj the continent. In 3SKS. ag-vln nn ominous dat. ho p-it hl foot on tho Pacific Coast with the only line thit ever got there with out lli aid of a. dollar of public money or an aera of public land When h had reached Ida goi there came the prostra tion of the country's Industries duo to tho Iat panic. Railroads everywhere, fell Into receivers" hands. Re ceivers camo to the Fanta Fe. receivers to the Union Pa cific, receivers to tho Northern Pacific, but no receiver to Hlll'i Folly Mr Hill kept his Interest paid and throug'i the panic yeirs made Just a llttlo money. Ho managed his road, mancged his borrowlrg, ballt a little branch once In n.whll and so astonished the less fortunate own era of the Northern Pacific that they came from Ilerlta nil the way across the Atlantic to beg the ownr of Hill's toil to take hold of lielr read and manage It. witrrnix rot: the sr-.-uAY r.cit Lr.tc Th-re i su- h contitiiul and braut.f il work In the world for mothers to Ca' Are jou a mother, and do you till i" that Jou have "ihe artistic nature" and tint von long for congenial occupation. Perhaps m are sktllt-,1 with the ntedl and cn embroider lovily iluwera. You find great dnigh In seeing t,e leq.es and buds bprlns up beneath jo-.r noedle. Perhaps jou paint and love to watch a design grow under jour pencil or brt-fli Into a landidpe or a marine. Or It may be inutic that appeals to you and jour hapidnes lies In vvenlng liar-nmnk-i of round Md It ever occur to yon that the de velopment of a child's character and dis position v. is the most artistic wotk po--al-ble for a mother? The embrorderj fade, the picture can be destruved. the music huhes: into sibvnee. : t the le-auty and hannonv of a loving, strong and acr-au!e character Is In d'strn tible Teach jour cbildnn txlj- the eharm of desliblllij- of ibporlment. Ixarn our self ho to stand and walk and st nnd mike It a plav time with jour children when jou talk to them of the neceslt of knowin? how to cany the Iwdj After a time It wtP become as natural to them as bre-ithlng. Teich th-m correct md delic-ite table inmncrs as soon ns thej can understand speech and observations. Tlio m inner of pvrtakirg of f.xxl Is o-e of the Irrportant lines which divide tho human t lug from the beaa: Anv mother In hTvee-bumbl r-isitlon. can Irstrui t hr ehll.1 to eit lowlv to rratleate hs feotl and n it lo ta'fc while in the rrei ts m Keep I 1 elbows nt his sides nrd ins 'egs and fet tjuletlv under :l.e t a r- and nut to monopolize the cou vcrsaiii.ii No chl'l undtrstards these things nat urallv. i;ie all small, buncrv animals, children ar; tor-lojs onlv of desire to sitlsfv tht? Tivirgs of aiietiu. It sho 'J be a labor of love to train the llitle anima' lato a refintd and gr3.efel human being with consideration for the rlghtd and fceili i of others. Attitudes, habits and manntrs forme J In ear!)- life re diltlcult to riforra In maturcr jears. Many a nan In high places, where h Is oberved bj multitude! Is maIe tho target fur rMtcule or censure throush the nee'ect of hi parents to teach him the niill courtesies and refinements of life. I have heard a statesman tike his soap so ai.diblv that it lntertertd with the comfort of people in an adjoining room and again have observed a mnn of getiljs mistaking u drawing-room for manicure lorlor It Is a part of a mother's work in life to see that her bov Is :i--.er sjbjecttd to criticism a a man, lieeause she has failed to ttach him as a chill. Then to in ike a child hopeful, wholesome and trusting Is another beautiful o-k The unforrrtd brain cells enn be awakened to fear. ielmlsm and faulttlrdlng Instead of to courage optimism nnd cemleness. if the mother does not guard her chill frcm listening to th conversation of the ma Jorltj of acUilis. and :f 'he uses ro anti dote In the w ic of j,rsonal effort to coun ter trt the efftc! o' s ich convirsation Thn ehtld wao sits and li-tens to -v re cltai of sii knes s irglcal opt ratlors and d--ease wiH soon tlee!oii n t-tor of nrrv passirg pain, and will b particularly stis ceptiblo to epidemics. Never permit a child to har sueh things discussed at length and assure him he l strong. robc"t and igorous. and that hs Is capable of avoiding disease If he is tem-l-rate In his appetite and exercises and breathes properlj-. and sleeps with frejh. air In his room. Do net make him a pe'lrrJt f,r talking i constantly of tha faults and ehortcomlngs. of others Assure him thai every human being ha.s good qualities afu urge him to look for tli'm Look for them vourself and call his attention to them Implant charltj- and s)mpathy In his nature. Ho maj reed these qualities shown him by others Forr.e time. Awaken his sense of reponsib!l!t)' toward wenker things Make him realise thu love of a motl-er bird for her joung and the loneliness and suffering of bird or beast babies when de prived of their mothers, and so arou the humanitarian and human Ir.Ftlnct ard rot the destructive huntsman ambition In his voung mind. Speak alw-avs pityingly to htrn of the cripples and deformed ard grotesque, trn fortcnates of earth: that he need never wound their Fensib'IItles by ridicule or too pronounced observation Make him manlv by appeallrg to hlra for assistance and care, and urge him to be stow thoughtful attentions upon elder peo. pie Hour br hour, day by far. year by year, such efforts will result In a beautiful worlc of art" from Your hands a courteoua. refined, well-bred, thoughtful, kind man. What greater life work could you ask' Opyrlsl-t. lsec, by TV. R. Hearst. OrU llrttam -ishts reMTTfil. RECOGNITION OF CHILDREN'S RIGHTS A NOTABLE INDICATION OF PROGRESS. BY LADY HENRY SOMERSET- Sir. ItoeUefeller's Hnemy. Ida M Tnrbell in Juno McCIuros. Mr John U Rockefeller's one Irrcconcllablo enemy In tho oil business linS always been the oil producer There Is no doubt that Mr. Rockefeller has sincerely deplored this And well be might, for he learned In his first gTcat raid on the Industry in 1572 that the rroducers aroused and united made a tsjwerful and dmgerous foe No doubt If It had been rractlc.nl Mr. Rockefeller would havo begun at tho start to tako over oil traduc tion an ho did oil refineries and pipe Jlrts, and thus would havo gotten his enemy out of tha way, hut dur Irg the first fifteen years of his work it was not practi cal Tho oil fields were too vast, and undefined It not being p-actlcat to own tho oil fields and jet essential thnt those who did own them, and of whose oil lie as pired to be tho only bujer, ihould be kept sufficiently satiFlled not to Interfere with his domination or to at tempt to handla the oil for themscleves. Mr. Rockefcel ler. whenever ho had tbe chance, sought to persuade the producers to do what be would have done had he owned tho oil fields that was, to keep the supply of crudo oil short. The dear peopK" he said once when aj-ked by an Investigating committee If his. monopoly of oil refining nnd oil transportation had not rreventcd th producer from getting his mil share of the profits: "the dear peo ple." ho said, "if they had produced less oil thnn they wanted, would have got their full price; no combination In the wonid could hive prevented thnt If thj- had produced less oil than the world required." Happiness. Grnce O. Rostwlck In June JJpplncott's. Feems like, sornewaj-, "s If the sky'R more blue, Tho sun more bright; the nlr smells sweeter, too; The birds ping's If their little throats'd break Per very Joj an" me I've got an ache In mv own threat 'at ain't all pnln. 'Cause Mandj, she's como home to me again. Seems like, romewaj-. 's If my work's half play; 'Taln't hard at all an' then my land! the day '8 gone befo-e I think, an' evcnln's here; An' there she sits a-mendln" in her cheer; Mj- heart hurts me a happj- sorter pain Cause Mandj-. she's come home to mo again. The Poolroom Usll. OUtlOOk A poolroom is. In a word. a. horse race without horses. It Is an effort to reproduce In a darkened, stuffy, smoke filled city room ever)- feature of Morris Park except the sunshine, the level stretch of green turf. th glistening track, the galloping horses and the jelling Jockejs. It ts a device to give to persons without the time and money to travel to tbe distant race track an opportunity to gamble on the varlot-s horses In the race. And to un derstand the gambling that goes on In the poolroom It is necessary to understand the gambling that goes on at the race track. In the city poolroom It is called pool selling; at th track It Is called bookmaklng; In every sseatiat detail the process Is exactly the saraa. written- irt Tirn svnpvt r.Kn.-Tir.ii?. "How mysterious aro tho wajs of Provi dence' "Why Is It that chl'drn of the tendc-est jean are sabjeefsj to the fiercest tor tures? 5od give us Ms Holy Spirit to nmend our hearts and lives, for wo are djsperattlv wicked. They who do such things nnd we who do not prevent them. haH I deliver rav poor children la tho Print Works? Cod bo wth me"" Tims wroio the great I?rd Shaftesbury In lSir.. v-hen be was In thp mldit of th stupendous undertaking of endeavoring to pass the factor legislation that shoull protect the children of the country from the crush'cg conditions under which thc were lieing compelled to work. Ijnrd Ashlcj. as he then was, had es poused the cause of th weak, with the chivalry of a Sir Galnr-nd. Tempting effers of a seat In the Cabinet had been mado again and again. It he ibnndoned his schemes of reform, but nothing moved him from hl holr purpose. The lives of the children In the cotton and calico works had specially stirred his pltv and indignation. Their emplojment began between the ages of 7 and 3. but cases were known of babies b ginning work from 3 to I years of age Hoars for joung girls were intole-nbly Jog. often lasting from sixteen to eighteen a daj Tbe conditions tinder which the work w as carrlf d out were abomimMe; most of the children contneted diseases of the eyes, the wages were extremely low. and education tl- had n-re. Such was the ccndl'ien of th llttt ones for vhom Iird Ashley pteadel and ob tained a reluctant lt'irlng before the par lianert opened In Fcbmarj. 1SJ3. bj- tho voung Queen her-elf but on the &)th of Jun his Mil for the protection of these little slaves became, throcah h's unwearj' lng efforts the law of Englard An Idea has therefore lone pr-svalled that child labor has ben killed, that this mod- cm St. fierrge bad sjiin the dragon that devastated hlpless homes; and prejed on unprotected lives ISut In the list davs of the Nineteenth Centurv It was still true that little chil dren toilej with weary hands nnd worn flrgcrs in a ceaseless roi.r.d of labor mad almost moro unendurable bv the fact that school had to te wedged Into the day of these little "half-timer"." as they are called, ns -veil ns the grind of hard and pitiless work It ls true that the factor) could no longer claim children under !1 j ears of age. bit the garret workshops of the slums were rtlnav open to the lit tle tollers where no factory inspection could Interfere The manufacture of dolls and th mak ing of dolls' clothes Is an lndutrj- In which manj- children are engaged Dolls! The idea conjures up happj hours, tender mtmorles I can see through the mit ot,vears. even now a certain wnxn POEMS WORTH KNOWING. ALONG THE GttASSY SLOPE I SIT. BT RICHARD IIENRT STODDARD. laONG the grasy 3lop I sit. And dream of other jears; Jty heart Is full of roft regrets. Mj- ejes of tender tears. The will bees hummed about tbe spot, Tlie sheen-bells tinkled far. I.sst year, when Alice sat with me. Renenth the evening star. The same wect star Is o'er m nor-, Arornd tho same soft hours; But Alice molders In the dust. With all the last j ear'a flowers. I sit alone, and only hear The wild bees on tho steep. And distant bells that sen to float From out the folds of Sleep. fas which I thrmght th rrot peantlfat In the world, and I never smell the fra grance of the hawthorn blossom -without remembering a certain window through which this precious doll was parsed, when I was In quarantine for some childish. Ill ness, and this vision of beautj- laid in my arms that sannr sprlrg morning. Acd vet the hnppv children who clasp their treasures little know what the, word means to white faces landing In dark gar rets over dolls' clothes. Victor Hugo has said: "H who has seen the misery of man only has sn nothing; be mut see the mlserv of wom an lie who has seen the misery of wom an onlv- has seen nothing; he must see the misery of childhood " Tbero Is no phase cf modem Hf which to my mind gives hetter Indication of prog ress than the fact that the child has be come an Individual, with separate rights, recognized bv- the state, that It Is pro tected from cruelty, overwork, oppression of an)- kind, whether by emplojer? or par ents and that Idea must be Increasingly dv eloped. Children. If not properlv fed. must be, because. In the Interest of their country, education, which Is the primary object of our civ lliz.it Ion. must be mads efficient by n, due car of the children; for the eommunilv- should look upon its llttlo ones as the nation's raw material, as thej should be the nation's best asset. But this ouestlon of feeding brings me to another phae of our educational and so cial problems, which I hope to deal with later. CopTrftbt. iifM. br W. R. neartt. Great Rriutn rights referred TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO TO-DAY IN ST. LOUIS. from The Republic. Hay . 17J. Mrs Helen E. Starrett enter tained nt the Woman's CThrlstlan Home on Washington avenue bv lecturing on "The Ethics of Man ners." ruis Wlllich. editor of the Ijin terne. received a gold watch and gold-headed cane, tho oecasion being his thirty-ninth blrthdaj. The presentation speech was made by Charles Metzler and was fol lowed by a poem written by Marx Lube, the German nctor. Ardrew F. Rrown presided and Simon Jordan acted n.s secretary at a m-eting called to raise funds to bo added to a national collection to be used against England In the fu- ture. Tho meeting was held In St. 4 Patrick's Hall, corner of Sixth and s) Riddle streets. ) Governor E. O. Stanard rartlcl- s) pnted In n. river excursion given by s) tho Millers and Flour men. s) Among those who attended wer: George Bain. Colonel J. G. Prather. John cTrangle, D. M. Kehlor. George s) Mtnlck. Conrad Fath. Charles Reset, s James Post and family. T. C. Do s Mar)-. Mrs. John Marshal. Mrs. D. s H. Marshal. Miss Annl "Whlteley. s Miss Eva Whlteley, Mrs. George Lanltr and over & hundred others. a s4ss 40B - s V i y