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8 THE ST.
LOUIS REPUBLIC: SUXDAY, JULY 10. 1904. araAMMMMuiiiWrasM k rL' 5.bWJ5fy.:rfi'r,..rK:.:i:t7'; rM 3 JUT?SiJft5S 4?r!"WT$Smi??!:'Si ' t VStnw?!T3?ar.fc .. ' iftSifflSSiariBSHKrira 'mmsmkmisxl&Amjmissmmwmiaf KUROKI'S ADVANCE CARRIED OUT WITH GREAT CARE Oscar King Davis Tells of Japanese First Army's Preparations for Moving Toward Lino-Yung After the Great Victory of the Yalu Chinese Coolies Ueplace Koreans and Supplies Are Trans ported With Celerity Antung Lacks Much of Reing Great Shipping Center, but Is Promising. CORRESPONDENTS ARE KEPT BY OSCVR kio II WIS Special Correspondent in the Field for The St. I.eials Republic. Antunc;, Manchuria, May 11 Lieutenant General Kurokl this morning moves hl3 headquarters on from this place to a little beyond reng-Huang-Cbcng. and the movemunt of the First Army toward the Russian position at Liao-Ynng may be said to be well under way. The Second Army Is nlready on the railroad near 30nchow. they say. and we must mark tlmo until It has advanced safllclently northward to develop the Russian Inten tion. Then It will appear whether the Husslans mean to dispute General Ku roki's nil varies at the pass west of Feng- Huang-Cheng, and If so. whether he will give them tho opportunity or find means of gcttl-ig around them without risking an encounter In such a stronghold. Blocking the northward advance of the Second Army Is tho Itusian force at Hai Chcng. and If there Is to bo a fight at the pass beyond Feng-Huang-Cheng these Russians at Hal-Cheng must also fight, for whichever force retires first exposes the other to the dancer of being turned by the Japanese. The meager reports which reach the correspondents w'th the First Army as to the doings beyond our front are uniformly to the effect that the Russians are retiring all along their line upon L'an-Yang and that there they will make a determined stand. If that ac tually happens the battle will bo taking place abaut the time this letter reaches New York. The First and Second armies will operate together, and there probably will be a much greater engagement than the one at Chu-Llang-Chens PERFECTLY ORGANIZED. The Russians hive to meet one of the most perfectly organized and completely equipped armies ever sent Into the field, an army handled with tho highest skill antj care, whose thoroughness of provision anayprcrlslon is amazing. The s'ackness and carelessness which hive marked tho earlier operations of tho Russians will not suffice against the Japanese. There must be an attention to business such as noth ing they have yet done in this war would Indicate to bo possible with tncm. Liao Tang will give them tho opportunity to sshow whether they can make the change or not. If they cannot mako It they may as well begin to negotlato for terms of settlement. as was the case on tho other side of the Yalu, tho commanding General of the First Army docs not go forward until his army is well on its road. The Japanese advance was in Feng-Huang-Cheng rev cral days ago. and already a considerable force has gono bejond that town. The for eign correspondents have not been permit ted to ride out for themselves to seo Just what has taken place, and It Is violating no pledge, of secrecy to say that we are not In the confidence of the General. Very few bits of Information havo filtered through tho devious channels of official dom to us. Such as have, however; Indi cate rather that General Kurokl is plan ning to go around the great pass a few miles to tho west of Feng-Huang-Cheng in preference to fighting there. The pass Is 4.000 feet high, and the approach very dif ficult. It is a position where a small force could give the entire armv a great deal of trouble, so that, difficult as the trails through the mountains elsewhere may be. it is quite natural that the General should prefer them to tho hazardous task of forcing his way through the pass The three divisions comprising tho First Army were all sent forward from hero soon after the battle at Chu-Llang-Chcng. The cav alry that had not been employed scouting out tho country ahead of tho advance line went cut thrco or four dajs ago. Slot of the artillery is also up. A battery of how itzers came in here yestcrdav afternoon from Chu-Llang-Chcng and goes on this morning. Genera Kurokl Is not the man to lose sight of tho very Important part his guns played In his success at the Yalu. His artillery certainly will not Ire weaker in tho next engagement than it was there. MANCHUS AS COOLIES. The quantities of supplies of all sorts that havo been going forward steadily since headquarters were established at An tung would indicato that the Japanese havo no thought of ever coming back by this road. Train after train has gone up. -Ml day long tho road has been full of transportation of one kind or another, carts and ponies alU heavily loaded. The Chinese or, rather, tho Manchu coolie is not the pack animal that his Korean brother Is. Usually It takes two of him to manage the load a Korean will walk along with for twenty-live or thirty miles a da. Hut tho Manchu is a better man with four-legged animals. He has better horses and mules and be knows much moro about handling them. He makes one of the clumsiest carts ever designed, a heavy two-wheeled con cern, so hard to pull that it takes one mule to manage tho cart alone. But it is strong and fairly serviceable, and if jou hitch in mules enough jou can take a big load. It Is the same old vehicle ued all through Northern China and known as Pekln cart. The Japanese have hired or bought many of these and employ Manchu cartmen to handle them. There are two kinds, ono covered, for use by travelers, and the other open, used in freighting. The open carts will carry from L50 to 2,000 pounds, and the number of animals necessary depends on the character of the road and the speed it is desired to mako. Tho road from here to Fcng-Huang-Chong Is very bad. being soft sand for the great er part of the distance. The Manchu cart men hitch five or six mules to one of these open carts and pile on all the bags of rice or boxes of bull beef thev can make stick. Then away they go, with one man to direct tho cart and three or four others to manage the mules, which are fastened to the axle of the cart by long rope traces, and which go almost where they please, so long as they keep the gen eral direction and stay reasonably near to the road. As many as nine mules have been hitched to ono cart. PAY IS LIBERAL. The Japanese are following the same courso with the Manchus that they pur sued with the Koreans. They pay with great liberality for everything they take. 9UL U oywnrivfc but It la unquestionably eather goods house. UNDER CLOSE SURVEILLANCE. a wls policy. The result is manifest In several wavs. One of the most Important things to the army is that the th'nss which it needs and which are so often hidden awav on the approach of troops and verv difficult to obtain are easily hid here. The Chlnepe have shown from tho lirst that they were not afraid of the Jap anese The have been about the town here all the time with their carts and mules, many of.tNm as busv as they could be about th- r old vocations. When the army undertook to hire or buy carts and mules the Quartermasters had pVntv of offers at once. The price went skjward In long leaps, but that seemed to make no difference to the f.rmy. A mule that In ordinary times would fetch a good price If ho bold for 00 Mexican elnllar.s now brines from 173 to 2O0 yen without nnv trouble or haggling, and a yen is worta about 0 cents more than a Mexican dol lar In ordinary times the hire of a cart and three mules, with the services of the cirtmnn, is only about it a dav The Jap anese hae sent it up to $10 or 12. and even in some cases $13 Surelj- it will not be from the thrifts cartmen who are profiting so enormousH by the advent of the Japanese that complaints will cum hereafter. To be sure, the Japanese pay in their army note" and nlreadv these notes are at a oirsider.ible dl-count. In spite of the stringent regulations l-sued to enforce their circulation, but at the prices paid for etorj thing the holders of the nous can stand the discount and still make huge profits. CHINESE TRADERS AT AXTITNG. The chango from tho Korean to the Manchurian side of the Yalu Is ry de cided. Thrift and enterprise mark tho Manchurian. as shiftlessness had tho Ko rean. Here aro houses wtll built and sub stantial, with brick walls and solidly tiled roofs. Chuliang-Cheng and Antung ore prosperous-looking towns. The streets are wide and fairly e'ean. astonishingly so for Chlneso towns. There are plertv of large uunuings, seerai or tnem approacn ing tho dignity of magisterial amra1 The main street of Antung Is lined on both sides with large, solid chops each with a spacious compound behind it, sur rounded by the customary Chinese living rooms. Even the mud huts that ft ink the business center of tho town show the more substantial character of tho Manchu The spirit which differentiates the Chinese from the Korean is manifest evervwherc. The traditional thrift of the Chinese trad ers Is show n In the manner In which their business goes on steadily despite the mlli tarj occupation of their town. liven on the dav when tho Japanese entered An tung many of tho shops were open and the oil mills did not shut down. Curious as tho Chinese Is. he was vet too much occupied with his business to stop to look vtry long at the newcomers Antung is a town of 'omc 10,00 inhabi tants. It lies along tho north bank of the Y.llu. coverlmr the flnt n-rnnnil hetween the water and the hills for a distance of two miles or more. A small stream di vides it Into two parts, the western be ing the main business cc'ter. The main stream of the Yalu w, - the Antung bank, and there Is sufflcl. .it deptH of wa ter for steamers drawing nearly ten feet. The current Is very swift and the navi gation difficult, for the channel is tor tuous, winding in and out among Innum erable sand bars, with sharp turns and trlckv shifts. From the hills about ViJu we could se Antung nulte pliinlv on clear davs. and always there was a forest of Junk masts In the river. These Junks now line all the bank in front ot the town, the liver front is a scene of gre-it activity constantly Tho Junk men lost no time In getting back to business after the battle They wero up the river as far as WIJu on the morning of May 2. and the next day were taking emplovmcnt from the Japanese, shifting stores from the Korean sido down to Antung. CROP OF BEANS. One of tho principal industries of An tung and this part of Manchuria is the production of beans. The farmers raise large crops of them, which aro sold to millers in tho town, who extract tho oil and press tho residue Into large cakes shaped like grindstones, which are used for horse and mulo feed. The oil Is a good lubricant. It goes chielly to Chefoo. Thero Is also a considerable silk industry h"re, the product being very blmllar to tho htavy pongee known throughout the East as Chefoo silk. Besides beans the f aimers grow good crops of corn, millet, wheat, barley and some rice Lving nlong tho river now is a largo quantity of timber, mo-it of which looks to be of old cut. It Is nearly all pine, roughly tquared into heavj sticks, and a good part of It seems to have been ued at onie time as sills or frames for l.vrgo buildings. The Rus sians had piled up a lot of it In front of tho building on the water front used by General Kurokl for his headquarters. They hnd also dug trenches about the plate which they had used, as did General Ktirokl Three statile? r.ll. enttnn pnn14 and flour seem to havo formed the prin cipal Items of trado in the shops. Tho oil was both Russian and American, the cases I havo seen being about equally di vided. The flour came largely from the mills at Shanghai, and so did the cotton goods, although American Hour Is now ere in plenty, and there are some good stocks of American cottons. The difference between the Korean and Manchurian sides of tho river, which Is to marked In the appearance and character of tho towns, is Just as clearly defined in the country. In Korea there seemed to be no agricultural work whatever going on. Wo attributed this In large part to tr fact that the men thioughout the country over which the Japanese were operating were working for them as packers in pref erence to tilling their fields, as usual. On the Manchurian side, however, there Is great activity in the fields The farmers who have lands on tho islands in the river, which were between the two armies, so that they could not bo worked until after the battle, were out with their plows promptly on the second of the month, and on the afternoon of the thlrd.when I rode along the river bank between Antung and Chuliang-Cheng. I saw many of the fields almost entirely plowed Back from tho river the agricultural work had not been so much delayed by the mllltarv opera tion, and already some of the crops are showing above ground. This is a thrift and enterprise of which the Korean knows nothing. It Is an indication of what may be dono in the way of trade If the war results in such a settlement that these towns are really opened to commercial ac tivity. RUSSIAN SETTLEMENT. Fifteen miles down tho river from An tung, and on the south bank, lies the place called Yongampho, of which much has been written and little known. Here was tho headquarter of tho Russian On sample and discontinued patterns of TRUNKS, BAGS, SUIT CASES. TELE SCOPES. MUSIC ROLLS, COLLAR BOXES. POCKETBOOKS, TOILET CASES, Etc. This is the opportunity of a lifetime to tret real bargains in leather floods. We have a mammoth stock, consisting of everything to be found in a first-class h Mwm ill? TRU53& CO., 615 YASH1NGT0N AVE. and Third and St. Gbarlss. ESTABLISHED 1BCO. eomp uiv whli h obtitnej the celebrated timber cont-tsiin 1. li.ved b the Japan se g,. n nl.j to lino bun merelv a cl" ik for politicil st heme A llv-mlnute look about the place1 nvtals m mething of tho txtmt of the Russian rlJns I ioo up undir the lulls th it lie dinctl on tl riv.r bank stands .a row of su'Id brick and stone houses Intel ded for re adeno"- of titii. iaN lliev aro all on the Hit grom d oily a f . w fet above th watet at high tlJi but so s. n ened by tho hills as to be quite out of s.ht. cvin from pas-Ins vcvels, rxr pt sih, .,, come close in From w.Il out in the riv.r three or four buildings are visible, one of which is the 1ium shed intemli d for a s iw null ThN is built of corrugated Iron, tides and roof, aid would cover machinery enough to work up all the logs in Korea In a short time Half a mile bark of the row of resi dtiices th.ie is a long, sulxt uitla bull 1 Ing which was erected as a barracks for the Russian garrison, sent out to guard tho timber concession" It was a fine, commodious barracks, with plentv of large windows and several huge fireplaces, verv niiftj-ary ldjuncts to any building in this country If tho tenant means to be comfortable during the winter Behind this building wis a long vv exult n stable, floored with htavj planking and pirtltioned off Into rooniv stalls for the horses It was the ftnlv woeid'ii building in the conces sion, all the others being of brick and stone, with either tiled or corrugated Iron roofs The bruks were made in kilns onlv a little further inland there being apparently plentj of good brick clav at hind There is, too. one smaller wooden building. .1 structure that looks as If It might hnve been intendtd for a Jill, but was so ilie Japantse sav. a magazine for stores It is 1 ullt of heavv s,jUaro tim bers, elov "'tailed at the ends and without windows The nitive village at Yongampho Is a curious mixture of Chine! and Korean The streets are wide and reasonably Clean me nuts paruv ejninese ana part lv Korean niostlv ef mud with thitched roofs . few havo Iron roo's. The village w is manilestlv bin t under Russian su pervision for th tteets are straight which is iwt-.ilTe with hinese but out nf the eiuestlon with Koreans All these build ingsitussi m 1 hints, mil Korean st ind on what was laud under eulilvation most lj in rice, tudgmg ('n the dike s tint cut it up iuto small Ileitis There are plenty of flno hills near bv; In fact, thev iiirm scree ns .ill aroand the place, and the Russians seem to have chosen the flats for building because of that fact The concealment of the town is complce from all points except the river illrectlv In front of it. and thence onlv a small ivirt can be seen I is a scattering place tho bJlIdlngs ennilln,; far apart, with many v ee vnt lots nm ig them. TIMBER CONCESSIONS; Piled heie and there among the build ings nro great 'tacks of timber. Nearly all of this timber Is olei. as Is that at Antung, and much of it shows it has been used some of It for a lone time. Mani festly it was not cut by the Russians, and the business elone bv tneli companv unde r its timber concession w is not working up the Korean forests whatever else it mav have been The timber seems to have been uoueu aotvn me laiu from its upper reaches, and the companv maj hav c found It moro jrolltable to buy such timber than to attempt to set out new for Itself. There wero no mils in sicnt from tho neighbor hood ot Yongampho. which showed tim ber worth the 1 ibor or working These huge sq-ared logs aro a valuablo asset to the Japanese who have put sawyers at work already to rip them up into planks and boards A i-reat m inv thousands of railroad sleepers can bo cut out of these timbers whether fir the n irrow-gaugo roads of Jaran and the one the Japanese nro now hurrjing through Korea or for the five-foot load the Russians have built In Manchuria, and which tho Japanese hopo ;o find serviceable to them before the summer is much oloer Nothing seems to have been done by the Russlaiis at Yongampho except the erection of these buildings and the collec tion of these piles of timber. The top of a stee'p hill Just back of a row of resi dences was levuled off and a sort of fort prepared thrre, but that was the onlv de fensive enterprise undertaken of which nnj trace remains The Japan""so row have a signal station thre, with various meteorologic il instruments to determine the velocity of the wind and the amount of rainfall. The Russians evacuated the place ear.v In April and tho .V-panese came in three wee.ks later. A great trans formation h.id ben wrought by tno Ko reans and the Chinese in tho interval. Ev ery floor had lee.n ripped up from resi dence, office, barracks and stable. Some of tho roofs had been taken away and the wooden siding of tho st ible as far up as a tall man can reach had leea lorn down nnd carted off, leaving only tho toof and the upper part of the sides, pupportcd by the uprights Every window in 'he place had been either smashed to Uttlo pieces or carried bodily away. Even the rashes were taken out Tho Jap inese havo replaced them all by tacking strips of thin cotton cloth to the walls to cover tho apertures. For 'loars o Japanese have elthor leveled up the earth or laid down rough beiards. One building had been fired bv tho natives and only the walls were left. Tho others arajj t-ti uasritiio.e, wjtn ma temporary repairs made by the Japanese, and aro now used for offices, storehouses or barracks. The old barrack serves the purpose for which it was elected, except that it shelters Japanese Instead of Russian soldiers. Tho sawmill shed Is piled high with bags of rice and barley and boxes of meat and pickles. The little tram track which hlped the Russians to run their timbers about from pile to pile now carries trucks load ed with stores for the Japanese Army. The newcomers have dug wells and put up ncetvleno lights, preparing to be as com fortable as may bo and to stay a long time. Already there Is talk" that under the new Japanese protectorate tlm Koreans will cancel the Russian concession, and no dividends are likely to be paid by the tim ber company. A BASE. BUT NOT A GOOD PORT. Yongampho has succeeded Chinnampo alreadv as the base for the First Army. It Is a difficult base, but much more avall- ablo than Chinnampo. with Its two hun died miles of road work for every pound of supplies before It can reach the Yalu There Is little use talking absut the navi gability of the Yalu. As a practical propo sition there is not much In It that would attract, the attention of an Investor or a merchant Flat-bottomed Junks of small elraft can get up as far as WIJu, and per haps a little above Smill steamers of the launch class can get up to Antung. with great risk of grounding and the certainty of many accidents. Yongampho Is twenty miles bv a ciicuitous. treacherous chan nel above tho anchorage for vessels of any draft, and that anchorage is far from the possibility ot the erection of piers. It will require more dredging than the trade of all tlds part of Korea and Manchuria will be worth for a good many vears to make a channel sufficiently reliable for ships of any slzo to get up to Yongampho This means practically three transfers of cargo, the last being Into the slow, un wieidv ard uncertain Junk. Of course, trade will alwajs be carried on by this method to a certain amount, but it is most unlikely that either tne Russians or the Japanese who fought on the Yalu this venr will live to see Yongampho or Antung a great port The entire Korean and Chinese population of Yongampho can haidly be more than half a thousand At this anchorage, twenty miles below Yongampho. from eight to fifteen Jap anese transports are lying all the tlmo now, ranging in size from SCO to 2,000 tons. They come nnd go constantly, as thev- did at Chinnampo, tho list shifting every three or four hours. About each trans port a svarm of small Japanese schooners or Chinese Junks clusters, filling ur with stores oi waiting for their turn. All diy the wlnehcs clack and rattle, and the slings came overside from the ships filled with jags or boxes. When the tide flows or the wind serves the laden Junks cast off from the ships and start their tortuous Journey up to Yongampho Some of the smaller ones strugglo on up the river to Antung. but manv of them eilse barge their cargoes at Yongampho. to be piles! in the storehouses or reloaded on smaller vessels and sent on after the arm. From 5 o'clock in tho morning to 10 o"cloek at night the men on the ships toll at get ting out the Innumerable baes and boxes One hundred men of tho transportation coris do the work nboard ship anel help to stow the loads on tho schooners and Junk lliev do as much work in a dav so the officers of tho ships say, as o0 oolios A soldle r irets sen a dav tne coolj's pay In ordinary times is TO sen. Yet thero is never a complaint from these soldiers, nnd when tho last bag goes over the sido at nlcht there is is he.irtv a ring in their laugh ns when they set to work on the seemingly bottomless pilu in the morning AMERICAN CONSUL'S NEW TOST. Antung and Tatanlcan, Just across tho Yalu from Yongampho, aro tho ports to which the now United States Consul has been accreJited. Tho Japanese frank- iv admit tint it is not t possible for trading vesse-ls to come up to Antung Their military necessity will kee-p the town closed for somo time vet. but it ought not to be manv months now before Mr David son his opportunity to visit his new post and take an exact inventory. I'nder tho regulations nmi'mnceil to the correspondents with the First Army im me'eJiatelj upon Joining hcadquirltrs, erne of our number is reqiilnil to go eat h morning at hilf-past 10 o'elock to he.ad eiuurters. In order that any communication which the General or anv of tie staff ele- sirt s to make to us mav be dellv ered through him. This office Is taken in turns, week by week, alphabetieallv, with the exceptUm, bv agreement, that on battle elavs the duty may be omitted Tho "In telligence Officer in Brigade Waiting." an the man is called, was routed out of his comfortable field cot under the gate of the Temple of tho River Goddess about 1 o'clock the other morning bv an order! v from tho sujurvislng officer, who said the' chief of the Intelligence section of the stiff had somo important news which he wished to communicate to tho foreign cor respondents It happened that the man thus aroused had finished his week of dutv that tiav and tho next on the list shoulel have been summoned, but he went as quicklv as he could, lest anv thing that we should know should get awav from, us bv any chance. It was well after 1 o'clock when he reached headquarters, which .vas on the river front while the templo is on the diametrically opposite edge of tho town The chief of thn in telligence section came out to the little tent which serves as a meetlnr place of correspondents, nnd gave out this general order, which Is numebered ten "After the battle of Sundav (Mav 31 n number of Chinese roamed over the Held robing the dead and wounded. The Rus sians wero generally deprived of clothes, bootF, belts and rifles, but were not stripped naked The Japanese authorities are verv grieved at this and have offered raw.ards for any missing articles brought to headquarters. "Certain working "parts of the captured guns were also stolen. Rewartls have also been offered for their restoration. "One division, which must not bo speci fied, has reported to headquarters that it has already buried 1,200 Russians. In order to provenit R recurrence of the rob bing of the dead and woundevl the Japa nese have established a svstem of patrols This species of theft, however. Is ellfflcult to check for the Chinese marauders know the country well and are skillful in escap ing de'tection and capture This molesta tion of the dead and wounded Ins caused great sorrow to the commander. Ho wishes tho real facts to be generallv known Of fenders caught will b sternly dealt with." SCORE OF EGYPTIANS WILL BE STUDENTS IN MISSOURI. Conrjies of As-rlcnlrare nnel lleellclne in Stntr Cntverltr Attract Aris- tocratle Toanj- Men. RErrauc SPECTAI Columbia. Mo., June 3. Tho foreign col ony at Missouri University next oar will Include nearly a score of aristocratic young Egyptians, members of the richest famille-s. In Egypt, who are coming here to pursue courses in agriculture and medi cine. George J. Salem of Alexandria, Egypt, camo hero last ear and entered the agri cultural course. Ho was so well pleased with the university and with American university llfo that he has carried on a vigorous campaign among his former class mates at the Svrian college of which he Is a graduate The result of this Is that about twenty of tho young Egyptians hav e arranged to enter the unlverlaty next v ear. Before leaving Columbia last spring, to spemi ina summer at tno worms fair, Salem made arrangements for orw of the finest residences in Columbia to bo used as a clubroom for the Oriental students next year. Since that tlmo many moro have arranged to enter, and ho has found It necessary to rent several additional rooms In adjoining houses. The house will be fitted up In Oriental stvle and the stu dents will live as they do In Egypt. It is probablo that several uniquo and brilliant social functions at the now clubhouse will mark the arrival of the students. Arrangements aro alio being made for a party of six Malavs from the I'alllpplne Islands, who will probably bo sent to Mis souri University next year at the expense of the United States Government. A rep resentative of tho Government visited Co lumbia last week, and, although ho would mako no promises to send tho students here. It Is generally understood that Mis souri University has been solecteel because of tho cosmopolitan character of the stu dent body. President Jesse Is In correspondence with a party of probablo students from lessa. Russia, and hopes to Induce them to come here. R. Gouzenvltch, one of tho party, writes that Missouri University Is being considered very favorably. Should the Russian students decide to enter tho uni versity, some Interesting conflicts between them and tho Japanese students may be cpxected. fc Jnmen E. llttlccrv Jr.. Formerly manager for John W. Staley. 502 and C03 Bonolst building, has opened quarters at ECS and W9 Missouri Trust building. SAYS HE SOLD ST0CKT0 HELP Manager of Union Track Testifies in Keceivership Snit Evidence was heard until 1 p. m. yester day in Judge Douglas's division of the Circuit Court, in tho suit of John P. Col lins for a receiver for tho Union Jockey Club Racing Association, and tho case then was continued until 10 a, in. next Tuesday. P. J. Carmody, general manager of the association, said that he holds $59,000 worth of stock. After giving bick half of tho $.".0 000 worth of stock that was given to him for organizing the associa tion ho acquired $20,000 worth more through the Duffv Construction Cnmnnnv which was formed to finish tho plant of the racing association. Persons who bought stock in the Duffy Construction Company wero allowed to ex change tho stock for stock In tho Union Association at 2 to 1. He put $10,000 in the Duffv Company. Ho disposed of six shares of his stock In the association at 50 cent3 on the dollar to help tho association. Ho said the stock he holds cost him $23,000. He said that he would not permit any Improper practices nt tho association's track. Ho waj still on the witness stand when court ad Journeel. Mr. Carmody was withdrawn for a time at the seFSion to permit P. A. Bradv racing Judge at tho Union track, to tes tify. Brady explained the racing opera tions and said that tho Union Association was recognized by the Eastern and West ern Jockey clubs. CALLEY GENERAL SECRETARY. Young People at Detroit Derote Day to Annual Camp Fire. Detroit. Mich., July 9 To-day's session of tho Baptist Young People's Union In ternational Convention was devoted to the annual camp fire. This ceremony, consist ing of the carrying of tho banners ot tho various States. Territories and Provlncs to the plRtform, was carried out amidst great enthusiasm. More than $9,000 was raised In pledges from tho various Btates. Tho Reverend Walter Calley of Chicago was reappointed general secretary of the union. The Board of Managers also reappointed the Rever end W. IL Gelswert editor of the Baptist Union. Deserted From the Army. Robert M. Ray was arresteel yesterday morning at the corner of Tenth street and Clark avenue on suspicion of being a de serter from the United States army. He confessed to having escaped from the guardhouse at Des Moines while he was a member of a cavalry troop. Indorses Peruna, the National An Ex-Senator, Hon. M. C. Butler, Also Is a Conyerl lo lhe Good of Pe-ru-na. Catarrh ef Stomach From Coughs and Colds, and Other Ills Cured by Pe-ru-na Wheiv Other Medicines Failed. Hon M r Butler of South Carolina was United Stites Senator from that Stato for two terms In a reee at letter to The I'vruiia Medicine Co , from Wash ington. D. C, he savs. "I esui recommend Pertina for dvspep sla and stomach. I have U en using jour nieeliclne for i short 1 1 -it i und I fesl vrrj much lelievetl It is indeed a won elertul me .Heine besides a good tonic ' M C. Butler. Tho enli rational way to cure elvspep sia is to i mow the cat irrh I'e run i h n won its vv iv into thou mels of hetines am! millions of hearts bv its mirvelems ime- of catarrhal affections I'e runa eloe s not prodjeee attllii'tl d gr st'ejn It clues catarrh ami leave the stonncb te per form illgestlon in a n ituril w.iv This is vastly be tter and safer than lesortlim to artlflel u me tho is I'eruna has cured more cases of elvspep slv tli.ul all other lemtdles roinbineu sim ply because It cures catarrh wherever lo cited It t't.dih u located in th" he id Peruna euros it. If catarrh has fasteneel it-elf In the threat or bronchial tubia IVruna cures It When catarrh leecomes settloel In tho stomach. I'eruna cures It, ns well in this lot ation as onj other Peruna Is not slmplj a. remeilv for dvs pepsia. Penina is a catarrh remeely. i'e runa cures djspepsia because it is gen erally dependent ujKin csitarrh Tho Most Wonderful Cure of Dys pepsia Made by Pe-ru-na. A. C Lockhart. Corner Cottage Street and Thurston Road, Rochester. N Y . writes "About fifteen jears ago I com menciil to be ailing with a species of dyspepsia, ana caliid on a physician, ho gave mc only temporary relief. "I consulted another physician w 1th no better results. I am non taking the fifth bottle of Peruna and have not an ache nor a pain an where. My bowels move regularly ccry day and I hao takan on 18 poundi of flesh, my usual weight being 145 pounds. I as down at one time as low as 126 pounds." A. c. Lockhart. Tho only vvaj to cure a disease is to strike at and get to the source of the in dirposition A cold Ift to run on and on induces catarrh arel catarrh projace3 consumption Whet rs catarrh but a con sumption of the vital life forces of one's liodv " Manv jieople die from consumption when if the ca.se were more closelj diagnosed it would be called catarrh. Tho specific cure for catarrh is Peruna. AT FAIR Transparencies Show Character of Work Performed in Slums of Big Cities. ADJUTANT SHAW IN CHARGE. Organization Supports 2G5 Insti tutions in America With 9,000 Inmates at Annnal Cost of 5300,000. Tosslbly no exhibit will be of greater in terest to sociologists than that of the Salvation Army in tho Social Economy Section of tho World's Fair The exhibit is unique, instructive and, at tho same time, affords an insight Into the work car ried on by a bodv- of men and women who spend most of their lives in the slums, among outcasts with whom tho world at large does not care to deal Included in tho exhibit are more than 100 transparencies, xarjing in size, and lighted by mercury vapor, showing the various branches of siCai work can-led on successfully by the army In this coun try. In addition to these, there aro pic tures of General Booth, ot the army buildings and social colonies Ono of tho army's best posted officers. Adjutant A. D. Shaw, is in charge, to explain the details of its work to all who aro interested in the upbuilding and bet terment of mankind. "To tho uninitiated," said the Adjutant, "poverty seems to be one seething ciul dron of dirt, debt, rags, hunger and mis ery. But to thoso who devote their lives to tho practical task of combatting the poverty evil the poor may be divided into classes as clearly denned and unmixable as the castes of the Hindoo or the strata of geology. To deal successfully with poverty one must study Its character and then hanelle each case according to its special needs. The complex character of the remedies utilized by the Sxlvatlon Army has been necessitated because of tho complex nature of the evil to be dealt with. "Ono gets a good Idea of what the Ad jutant means from the transparencies which portray tho remedies used bv the army for the relief and abolition of pov erty in the United States. "A study of the Government report for ISM is sufficient to convince anv one of tho need for a reform organization as the Salvation Army. The report shows that In that j ear the Inmates of public and pri vate institutions for paupers and crimi nals numbered no less than 340 000. while no less than ten times that number pas3 through theso institutions each vear. S.O0O.GO0 PAUPERS. "It is fair, therefore, to estimate the number of those who live on tho confines of paupcrdom in this country considera bly exceed 3.0CO.OOJ souls. For dealing with this mass of poverty and suffering the Salvation Army has es- tawisnea various institutions to tne num ber ot 2(3. as follows: Eighty-two homes for homeless men, 5 homes for homeless women, 4 orphanages. 23 rescuo homes for fallen girls. 23 slum posts. (i Industrial homes, G slum day nurserios. 4 maternity homes, 5 wood vards, 3 farm colonies, 1 fre-o dispensary. 6 working girls' homes. C food depots. 8 labor bureaus. 1 sailors' home. 1 social settlement. 1-rescue mission, 1 broom factory, ft summer camns for women and children, 1 poor man's iawer. 2 mi33ing friends' agencies, 13 cheap and free ice nnd coal depots. The annual cost of maintaining these In stitutions is $300,000, affording as they do accommodations for over 9,000 men, women and children. In view of this fact, well did President Trancis sav at a recent demonstration in honor of General Booth: "The Louisiana Purchase Exposition would be Incomplete without a representation of the Salvation Army." James K. Baker, Jr.. Formerly mnnager for John W. Staley. 002 and 503 Benoist building, has opened quarters at COS and 603 Missouri Trust building. SALVATION EXHIBIT -.- H.JJr HON. JOHN Hon. John B Weaver of Colfax. the Poirul'st ticket in 1S02, writes from 'mm- ' - sj " as follows t ' can unhesitatingly recommend your remedy, Psruna, for coughs, colds and catarrh. I am satisfied that it will do all yon claim for It." John B. Weaver. J A derman Baron Gives Pe-ru-na His Heartiest indorsement. Baron J M Vcndenhelm. 1223 O St. N W. Washington. I). C. writes "For a long time, until I came Into this ciimatc., I hud congrn'ulated mjelf upon having a perff-ctlj sounei pair of Iur.gs But I began to have little coughs and an novlng colds that shook mv fith In m lereathlng apparatus. This continued two winters; until I had lost health and strength to an alarming dejrY-e l'crura cure-1 me and restored mv strength. You are at llbortv to use my heartiest indorse ment of I'o-urut as a mrdiclno anel tonic for colds, coughs and as a tonic" Baron eneienheitn MORTUARY REPORT SHOWS INCREASE OF PNEUMONIA. Siiimlier nf Birth Iut W'celc Was jblxty-'even Moro Tlinn Totnl for Prrcodlni; Sev en Ilnyj. n vvssosi) s LOCAL REPORT OF s DI1 VI IIS IVD DIRTH. Deaths In St. Ixiuls last week. ITT. Deaths previous week, 173. Births last w cck. 20L 4 Births rrevious week, 261. Ten deaths from pneumonia lost week, three more than the preced- Ing week. Deaths by violence last week, 19. Deaths from consumption last week, 23. Ten suicides and two homicides 0 last week. 4 Ten cases of typhoid wero report- ed last week, with two deaths. One hundred and seventy-seven death3 occurred in St. Louis last week, and 201 births wero reported at the Health De partment. During tho previous week 173 deaths occurred, and 263 birtlis were re ported. Ten deaths from pneumonia occurred last week, being thrto more than the preceding week. The causes of death last week were: Zjmotlo diseases 13; constitutional dis eases. TS. local diseases, 74; development al diseases, is, violence, 19; puerperal fe ver, 1, pyaemia and septicaemia. 3: syph ilis. 1, other zymotic dise ises, 2, cancer and malignant tumor, 12; marasmus- llvfKiKtmEfBlHHQHIaBHlflHHHHflnBBHH IIK'flHI Bi'iHli rw iniiMfnTMmWn KL-i.." ImBt i iTi liatfln Iff vim 'HHifTlmnllHi iro mMuB SbR lasisrjui Catarrh Remedy, e y9 Irs- . i,5v. -y ggS&N,,-,.'. .'.. . 'S4 ,'''' t's'. r.r " ,i B. WEAVER. la., a candidate for th" Dreside.nev ., the National Hotel. Washington D c t A Prince's Indorsement. Prince Johan ICalamanaoIc, tT K St. N W.. Washington. ' . Dcicsite la Congress from H;.woiI. writes. 'I can cheerfully rccommrnt! year Perana as a very effective remedy id coughs, colds and c-.tsrrhsl trouble." Prince Jonah Kalaniaaa.de. If you Co not receive prompt cnl rails factory results from the uso of pcraiu. write at once to Dr Hartman, tlrlns a fuU statement ot your case, and he will tee pleased to give jria his valuable ad vice gratis. Address Dr. Hartmrts. President of The Hartman Sanitarium. Columbca, Ohio. tabes mesentrrica and fcmfa!a. S; rben matiixn, 3, other constitutional disease, U bronchitis, E; either disea-cs of the ret-pi-ratcry organs. 3; meningitis and encepha litis. 7: convulsions and trismus, I; heart stroke, IT; apoplexy. 2; other diseases ot the brain and nervous system. I; cirrhosur of liver and hepatitis, 1; enteritis, rastrr-enti-ntls. peritonitis nnd gastritis, U: Bright's disease and nephritis. 17; other diseases 0f the crmsry organs, S; other local diseases. 4; cyaneds, 1; lraudrJoa C: premature birth, 1; senility, 7; scrgieu operation, 1; Euiadc. 10; homicide. U ce endcnt. 7. Forty-two were under 1 year old. IS be tween 1 and 5 years and 41 moro than 0 yearn. Thrco cases of smallpox frcre report ed last week, with no death; diphtheria, 14 cases, 1 death: scarlatina, 17 cases, no deaths; typhoid fever. 10 cases, 2 deaths; mextslcs, C cases. 2 deaths; conscmptlon. 23 cases, all fatal. SENTENCED FOR CONTEMPT. Ticket Broker Ordered Impris oned for Violating Injunction. Judge Amos Thayer of tho United States Dictrict Court yesterday sentenced E. J. Glldcrslecvo of this city to fifteen days' imprisonment for contempt of court fcr having ro'd a Louisiana Purchase Expo sition excursion ticket through a scalper's office after ho had been enjoined by tho court from selling these tickets. Gllder sleevo afterwards gave bond In the sum ot $2,000 to surrender himself to the United States Marshal at 12 o'clock to-morrow, this tlmo having been granted him to ar range his business affairs before Imprison- ment. He will also have to pay the costs of the prosecution. lias Xot nenrd From Son. Mrs. Jemima E. Dorsett of Vincennes. Ind.. has not heard from her son. Loyal Otis Pinkstaf. 23 years old, for three years. He left home seven vears ago. if