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PART II. lu-UAY'a khfublk; j Is frmteJ in EIGHT PARTS. J 8 .PAGES. j NINETY-SEVENTH YEAE. GUNDAY 3I0ENING. OCTOBER D, 1904. PRICE FIVE CENTS. ! London Fortune Tollers Are Convicted of Obtaining Money Under FalM rii'ten'.f'S Doctor Kocli, the Tuberculosis Expert Visits -Hie Pasteur Institute 3Ime. Rejane May Direct a French Theater in Xow York Kritihh Admiralty Applies the Lessons learned From the ,Tapane.e-Iu5sian War Swiss Theater ?urns, as Did the Iroquois. A Red Flag in France No Longer the Sign of Revolt George Mer edith Give His Ideas About Unlimited Marriages The Champagne Grape Harvest of France Is Abundant and Excel lentPrincess Louise Ends Her Period of Retirement Miss Rob'on's Hit in "Merely Mary Ann' Has Fet All London to Talking of Her Doherty, English Tennis Champion, Beaten. RED FLAG ID MORE SYMBOL OF REVOLT WITCHCRAFT ACT REPUBLIC CORRESPONDENT GIVES RUSSIAN VERSION OF FIGHT AT HAI-CHENG ADMIRALTY APPLIES LESSONS OF WAR KUROPATKIN VISITS OUTPOSTS WITH A BRILLIANT SUITE jTHE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC. f ' . H- . I.I .!.. ' LI I. I. ! I. H 1 AGAIN ENFORCED it- li 1 ". Friends of Zola Carrv IJriuht Ilued Banners in Procession and No Riot Results. OLD PREJUDICES CHANGED. Frndence of Public Mind Ex hibited in Ending of Strikes at Marseilles Sorrow Cher Bartholdi's Death. BY J. CORNELY gPECIAL BT CADLE TO THE-ST LOUIS RE PUBLIC AND THE XEWIORK HERALD. Paris. Oct. 8 -(Copy right, 19X.-1Te had In Paris last Sunday a demonstration Im portant and Interesting on account of Its object, and especially for Its character The object -was to celebrate the second nnniversary of the death of Zola. That Is to pay. the demonstration had been organ ized by Radicals and by some partisans of Captain Dreyfus, It wan conducted In an ultra-pacific and tranquil manner, but nevertheless the ques tion of carrying "red flac" had been under discussion. The Prefect of Pollc had forgotten them, but they were dis played, all the same. The Prefect of Po lice showed In a marked degree that he possesses good sense in allowing them, and In him"elf taking control of the proces sion, which passed peaceably enough be tween two rows of gendarme as It climbed the helehts of Montmartre and filed In perfect order before the tomb of Zola. e COUNTRY OF TRADITION. Our country Is a country of tradition, nnd it cherishes tradition up to the point of prejudice. With Frenchmen the love or hatred of emblems Is united with the love or hatred of tho-e things repre sented by thoo emblems Up to the Revolution, red was a royal color, and Louis XVI. at his coronation, 'wore a vestment that was all red. It was. morever. a relic of ancient tradition, which made red the Imperial color, but when the Revolutionists adopted the "red flag," this flap; became the emblem of vio lent revolution In ISIS It was "proscribed and outlawed" to use a high-sounding phrase of Lamar tin. In 1ST1 the Communists naturally took It up and it became the bugbear of the bourgeolse, who firmly believed that the red flag" would never sally forth without a purpose of cutting oft some heads, and who confounded with the red flag of revolution the blood-red garnet of the Imperial standard of velvet. There are only two things capable of startling the average patriotic citlsen from his ordinary sluggishness One Is the sign of the "red flag." the other that of the wires which distribute the electric en ergy to the tramways and the trolley, as they now cail It. This same citizen Is persuaded that the "red flag" is the pro logue of incendiarism and that th? trolley "will dishonor Paris," crrr still is safe. Now on Sunday the Zola procession inarched with red banners, and Paris has not been burnt, and In one of the principal streets of Paris, the whole length of the Bourse, the trolley performs Its duty ad mirably, without Paris being desecrated. Prejudice against the "red flag" Is van ishing, because the present generation is mors concerned at bottom with things than the symbols, and. In consequence.'as the mass of the people makes no longer a fetish of tho "red flag." It Is natural that the mass 'of the bourgeoisie should no longer regard It with terror. Masses of the people have grown very much wiser and I need only, adduce as pToof the end of the long strikes at Mar Fellies, which have concluded without dis order. In face of the squadrons of cuiras siers and draxoons and Interminable lines of infantry protecting the workmen who wish to work. This prudence proceeds from the organ ization of the unions and associations, like that of the companies, which has created quite a hierarchy of people who wish to safeguard their position and are Interested In recommending prudent moderation to others. It Is the beginning of the organ ization of the world of labor. There is no reason for despair. This week we have lost a man who was at once a great artist and a good patriot In the sculptor Bartholdi. This loss, which Is a sorrow to France, Is a sorrow to America as wellj for Bartholdi was a "Franco-American arti't, since he was the creator of the famous statue of "Liberty Bnllgtenlng the World." which rises at the entrance of the great metropolis of the United States and seems a gracious hostess, welcoming her visitors at the threshold of her realm. TENNIS CHAMPION DOHERTY BEATEN BY M. J. G. RITCHIE. London. Oct. 8.-(Copyrlght. 1U ) What must be regarded as the most remarkable event of the Una tennis season occurred at the Queen's Club this week. For the first time since he has been at his prime, that is to say. since he won the title of champion of England against all comers. Mr. II. L. Doherty suffered defeat, his vanquisher being a fellow-member of the Queen's, Mr. M. J. O. Ritchie. As a. result of aggressive tactics the flrst two sets fell to Mr. Ritchie, and the third seemed at one time to be going his way. but after a brilliant ttruggle Mr. Doherty Just got home, and then in the fourth round, exhibiting a finer precision, he again secured the set with the loss of only one game. In the final bout, however. Mr. Ritchie rallied magnificently and obtained a lead of four to two. Mr. Doherty then won two games, which brought him once moro on a. level, but it was his last effort, and Mr. .Ritchie, amid tremendous excitement, took the next two and with them the match. Mr. Doherty's defeat came as a great surprise. A big gallery wltncsed It. fwt there can be no doubt that Mr. Ritchie was the better man on that day, and thoroughly deserved the victory. f '.SsSSpr- -3 ir ?J,rtJ.&tJii-'y-lT&- -",$irlr ,-s-gU Fashionable Fortune Tellers i London Found Guilty Under Ancient Statute. MUCH INTERESTING EVIDENCE. Detectives Tell Doings of So Called Clairvoyants, While Letters From Clients Re veal Other Secrets. SPECIAL BT CABLE TO THE ST LOUIS RE PUBLIC AM) THE NEW lOKK HERALD London, Oct. 8 (Copyright, 1201 )-Under the witchcraft act, which is 13) j cars old. and a larceny act. which passed into the Britl-h statute books, eighty jeara ago. there London exponents of chiromancy and palmistry were this week found gulltv on the double count of fortune telling and obtaining money under false pre tenses. The cae has been the chief feature of the week. It occupied four days at the Clerkenwell Scsions. and. In view cf the circumstances, that It was In a snse a test case In which many hundreds of peo ple were directly concerned. It attracted considerable attention. Moreover, the evidence adduced was of a highly Interesting character, and the element of mystery and of romance was Introduced by the appearance In the wit ness box of a white-haired little Iad, who) was referred to by counsel as a Princess, belonging to one of the exiled royal fami lies of Continental Europe. SHt ALFRED'S IDEA. Professor and Mme. Keiro, two palm ists, were the defendants In the trial,, which has begun at the instance of Sir Alfred Harmsworth, editor of the Dally Mall. Sir Alfred's idea In starting the prosecution was to determine whether there was one law for the wealthy West End fortune teller and another for the I humble gypsy, who Is almost Invariably prosecuted If she ventures to read a. scul lery maid's future in return for a modest piece of silver. The editor did not move until th at tention of the authorities had been called again and again to the dangerous practices of these palmists. The Government offi cials had been asked to take action, but they replied, that they were content to leave the matter In the hands of the po lice, and the police remained Inert. Evidence was given by several private detectives. One detective named Richards told of his visit to Keiro He went behind the screen with Keiro, who pointed out a picture of former President McKlnley that was pasted upon the screen. He explained that he had had the hands of the highest In the land submitted to him, and had foretold the death of Queen Victoria. A woman detective told how Keiro looked at her hand and said she was very nervous, highly strung and practical; she would suffer from her throat In about five years, and the complaint would probablv be diphtheria. In the ordinary way she would live only till she was 44. but as she had a "sister lifeline" srfs would probably live until 77. She was also In danger from the sea, not by being on It, but by being In it. INQUIRIES FROM WOMEN. Mr. C. F. QUI. K. C. who appeared for the prosecution, mid that women fre quently sought Information on the question of marriage, and. If married, they asked how many children they would have, whether they would be changed In their circumstances, whether they would be likely to ccme Into money, how long they would be likely to live, and other ques tions, which showed that thej believed Keiro could foretell the'future. A student, who was In a "mortal funk" on account of a. forthcoming examination, wrote, asking Keiro If he could do any thing In the nay of hypnotism to Insure success. A lady, writing from a hunting lodge In the country, said: "One thing makes me nervous that is that I am not to ride during the flrst two weeks of De cember, as I am in danger of a. horse ac cident. Does this refer to driving, as I do not ride?' "I had a great big son arrive last Sun day, Maj 8, exactly as you said," glee-, fully announced another woman. To pre dict births was the special province of Mme. Keiro. said Mr. GUI. The letter con tinued: "So much you told me has come to pass. My husband has caused me a good deal of anxiety, and I ftel sometimes It Is un endurable, but I hope that the hope you held out will prove true." Keiro. under cross-examination, said he was a palmist and medical electrician. In his opinion, clairvoyance was a sci entific phenomenon. It was a rift that some people possessed the gift of second sight, which was very much developed In lunaiu vvujc. xne jury returned a ver dict of guilty on both counts of larceny and fortune-telling. Sentence was sus pended. LATEST FRENCH "NICKEL" HAS TWENTY-TWO SIDES. Paris. Oct. 8.-(CopyrIsht, 19M)-The new nickel 25 centime (? cent) pieces were issued this week. Thot; n circulation since the beginning of the year resembled silver coins too closely, and In order to avoid this the new pieces have been struck In polvgonal form, with twenty two sides, which prevents all confusion with other coins. PRINCESS LOUISE ENDS PERIOD OF RETIREMENT. Paris. Oct. 8. (Copyright. 19M.) Princess Louise of Coburg has ended her period of retirement with Count Mattachich and with Frau Stcger she attended on Wednes day a performance of "Nanon" at the Opera Comlque. This Is the first time she has been at the theater stoca ptrtlnt; from her husband. - 4 New P.rilNu PNittleMiip Make Deteriniii"d EiTort to Xcutral- i7e Toipedo AttntLs. DOUBLE BOTTOM DEVELOPED. Walls of Magazines Are Much More Massive Than Preceding Types to Avoid Splitting in Action. SPECIAL HY C BI.E TO THE ST I-Ofr" RE PUBLIC Sl THE NEW ItlllK HERALD London. Oct S (Cow right. 1D04 ) Plans for the new Lord Nelson type of battlc shio. shortlj to be laid down show onie of the Iesons which the Admiralty have already learnt from the Ru'-o-Japancse war. Chief among the new features Is the de termined attempt to neutralize the deadly effect of the torpedo at lack. The idea of armoring these ship under water with four-Inch Krupp plating has been aban doned, it being considered thai the pro tection Imparted against torpedoes by light armor is problematical Mr. Philip VTatts's plan conIsts of the development of a double bottom The dis tance between the inner and outer skin has heretofore been only a few Inches Mr. Watt" hopes that, bv huildlmr the Inner wall of stouter plating and allowing a considerable upace between it and the outer bilge of the ship the explosion of a torpedo outside the vessel will not sufDco to fracture both skins To minimize the rik of this still further it is Intended to fill the spaco between the Inner and outer walla with some loose material that will take up much of the concussion. Another striking departure in design Is afforded by the midship cros section of these new battleships. They will have vir tually no curve at all to the bilge, beiig very nearly square The idea is that. In the hull of this shape, the bottom la less likely to be affected by torpedoes. The walls of the magazines are to be Very much more masive than In any preceding type. This Is due to the fact that in some of the Russian warship- the magazine walla are known to hare split In action. MME. REJANE MAY DIRECT NEW FRENCH THEATER. SPECIAL BY CABLE TO THE ST. LOUIS RE PUBLIC AND THE NEW V.OHK HERALD London, Oet. 8 (Copyright. 1501) Mme. Rejane passed a few days in London be fore sailing to-day for America, whero she Is to play under the management of Lleble & Co Mme. Rejane told me she is seriously thinking of accepting the position of di rector of a permanent rrench theater in New Tork. "When I saw Mr. George C. Tvler In Paris a short time ago." she said. ' he placed before me a project for a per manent French theater In New Tork, with a dramatic conterv atory in conjunc tion "lie suggested that I should become director of such an Institution and make New Tork mj home in future "The proportion npreiled to me Im mensely, and the further I have since turned it over in m mind, the more in clined I am to accept the offer "All my efforts, if I do remain in New Tork to inaugurate the French theater. will be directed to the presentation of a repertoire alternated by classic and mod ern. The same method I would Introduce Into the conservatory, and my pupils would be trained In each stjle concur rently. "I wouldn't give up Paris entirely, but take a theater for two or three months In the season, devoting the remainder of my time to my new and thoroughly con genial duties In New Tork " SWISS THEATER IS BURNED LIKE IROQUOIS AT CHICAGO. SPECIAL IIT CABLE TO THE ST LOUIS RD rUBUCKDTHE.NCn VOP.K HERALD Geneva, Oct 8. (Copjrlght. 1J04) The destruction of the theater at Basle bv fire strangely resembles the burning of the Iroquois Theater at Chicago. Fortunately the fire occurred at 2 o'clock In the night, when nobody was inside Onl four black walls remain of v hat v.a? once the finest theater in Switzerland. The fire began, as in Chicago, behind the stage, and within a short time the safetj curtain melted. Then the fire spread to the stalls and galleries, the roof falling In within half an hour. The disaster demonstrated that human foresight and the latest fireproof appli ances are powerless to arrest a fire, and that the safets of the theaters is a mjth The safetj curtain ought to have stopp-d the lire, according to the builders, arch itects and managers. The cause of the fire was a hort circuit. GRAND DUKE PREPARING HOME FOR SICK OFFICERS. flrECTAr. BT CABLE TO THE ST LOUIS ItB PUBLIC AND THE NEW lORK HER VLD Cannes. Oct. 8 (Copyright. 1S0I) The Grand Duke Michael has arrived here In o'derTo inaugurate a convalescent home for wounded Russian officers The villa is the gift of Baron de fcil vanski. and the cost of furnishing has been defrayed by the Grand Duke Mi chael, tne Grand Duchess Anastasia of Mecklenburg - Schwerln and Countess Torby. ALL LONDON TALKING OF MISS ROBSON'S HIT. SPECIAL BY CABLE TO THE ST. LOUIS RE PUBLIC AND THE NEW 1 0RK HERALD. London. Oct 8. (Copyright. 1904.) All London Is talking of Eleanor Robson's success In "Merely Msry Ann." at the Duke of York's Theater. So great a hit has been made that the young actress's manager's hands have been forced to the extent of prolonging her season In London till December 15 The engagement bad been fixed to end Novem r f y-trftiJA -v Jtk -4-.- ---;?-.-! . KrTpjBlr7VKK',eMRsKsWlnit? ,'(frdE9lBsssssssM3isvcin1IIHi GENERAL KUROPATKIN AND HIS ENTOURAGE, Boirdlng a train at Mukden to visit the Russian outpots The Russnn commander hims'lf is an unostentatious man. hut thoe who accompany him everywhere, tspeclalli the alwivs-needed Chinese interpreters and other functionaries, are gorgeously arrajed GEORGE MEREDITH'S IDEA ABOUT LIMITED MARRIAGE SPECIAL HY CABLE London. Oct S Following is the full text of George Meredith'-? remarkable In terview with the Dallv Mil on limited marriage, which has provoked a storm of criticism from u.tra-conicrvatlves and has set everybody thinking and talking: "It Is impossible to write fullv and com pletely on he subject. Ever thing which ought to be nld has to bo cut in half. As a result. I m-elf am positively sometimes accused of being obscure. "Marriage 3 so difllcult. Its modern con ditions are o difllcult, that when vou find two educated people ready and willing for It nothing should be put in their way Thy fault at the bottom of the busine-w is that most women are so uneducated, so un read. Men. too. often wint a slave, aid often think that they have got one, not because the woman has not often got more sense than her husband, but be cause she is inarticulate, not educated enough to give expression to her real ideas nnd feelings "I remember a man who asked a girl to marry him The girl, who liked him In 1 way, but disliked certain portions of his character, said 'No ' lie asked her again and again, and she said 'No,' but could give no reason and express none of her real feelings Therefore, when she had said 'No' a certain number of times, and could think of nothing new to s.iy, she married him. Fear of tho world kept them together afterward, but If jou could look into the heart of a girl like that later if you could lift the veil from a thousand such households and see into the hearts of the women there! "It Is a question to my mind whether a. young girl married, ay. at IS. utterly Ignorant of life, knowing little, as such a girl would, of the man she Is marrying, or of any other man, or of the world at all, should be condemned to live with him for DOCTOR KOCH MAKES VISIT TO PASTEUR INSTITUTE. SPECIAL BY CABLE TO THE ST LOrjsYlB I'UULIC ND THE NEW VORK HERALD Paris, Oct. S (Copyright. ISO! Profesv sor Koch was warmly welcomed at the Pasteur Institute on Tuesday. Profesor Metchnlkoff made a cordial speech, to which Doctor Koch replied In his native. tongue. The scientists prexent included Doctor Nicole. Doctor Besretika and Doctor Bor rel (discoverer of the cancer serum which is now being tested); Doctor Chambcrland and Doctor Mesnie. The distinguished micro-biologist Inspected ever depart ment of the institute, and asked countless questions as to tl"e work of the various laboratories. TAXAMETRIC CARRIAGES HAVE CHANGE OF NAME. SPTCIAL BY CABLE TO THE ST LOfis Iirj- PUBLIC AND THE NEU V.ORK HERALD Paris. Oet 8 (Cop right. lWJ v The wide! heralded taxametrlc carriages, for which one pays according to the ii3tance traveled, are to disappear, but In name only. After a profound discussion cxpe- riologlsts have decided th.it the word "taxametrlc" Is incorrectly formed and should be "tnximetrlc." The only difference is between "i" and a, but once the literary lines had de cided the company controlling the new carriages ordered the name painted out on the 2.000 vehicles it onn, and the appro priate term substituted in order that vari ous Parisians might not be confounded. CHAMPAGNE GRAPE HARVEST ABUNDANT AND EXCELLENT. SPEC! L BY CABLE TO THE ST LOUIS ItB PUULIC AND THE NEW lOtlK HERALD. Paris. Oct S. (Copyright, ISO!) The grape harvest, which is now in full ewlns In the champagne country. Is both abi.n dant and of excellent quality. Wine of 1904 is likely to lie classed among the best vintages The price of a cask contain'n? ZV) bottles varies this year between S100 and J120. The legend that the vines of champagne cannot produce wine sold under that name Is proved false by calculations of experts. who reckon that 75 000 COO bottles are pro dTefl in be district varlr. ", tJr t the rest of her life She falls out of sym pathj with him. sa ; has no common taste with him, nothing to hare with him, no real communication with him. except a physical one. The life Is nearly Intoler able Yet many married women go on with it from habit or because tno world terrorizes them "CERTAINLT, HOWEVER. ONE DAT THESE PRESENT CONDITIONS OF MARRLV.GB WILL RE CHANGED. MARRIAGE WILL BE ALLOWED FOR A CERTAIN PERIOD, SAT, TEN YEARS OR WELL. I DO NOT WANT TO SPECIFY ANY PARTICULAR TIME. THE STATE WILL SEE THAT SUFFI CIENT MONET IS PUT BY DURING THAT TIME TO PROVIDE FOR AND EDUCATE CHILDP.EN PERHAPS THE STATE WILL TAKE CHARGE OF THIS FUND "There will be a devil of an uproar be fore i.ch a change can bo made. It will be a great shock, hut look back and see what shocks there have been, and what changes have nevertheless taken place in this marriage business In the past. ' The difllculty is to make English people face sucli a problem. They want to live under discipline more than any nation In the world They won't look ahead espe cially the governing people. Ard yau rncrt have phllosophv though It Is more than ou can hope to get English oeople to admit the btrc name of philosophy Into their discussion of such a question. Again and again, notably in their criticism cf America, vou see how the English people will persist in regarding any new trait as a sin of disea.se. Yet It Is a s'gn of health "A correspondence about marriage, like the present one, does nothing but good. The subject is kept In too much darknss. Air HI Air It! Nothing can do more good than that, and I am very glad If any wunii 01 mino can neip ABSENT-MINDED PHYSICIAN LEAVES PROBE IN PATIENT. SrrciAL BY CABLE TO THE ST LOflS RE PfBLIC All) THE NEW V.ORK HERALD Paris. Oct S (Copy right, 1304.) A cele brated Paris surgeon. Doctor Fort, re cently appeared before the tribunals to answer a charge of having caused the death of a patient. Commandant Amou reux, by leaving a probe inside of him at the conclusion of an operation. Expert evidence proved that the missing probe had not been the cause of death, and the doctor was vindicated But such occurrences must be frequent In his case, for no sooner had tho pro ceedings ended than he was again sum moned to Justify a second case of ab sentmlndedness. In leaving a probe in an other patient. RIDICULES EMPHASIS LAID UPON NASAL BREATHING. SPECIAL BY CABLE TO THE ST LOfts RO I'l BLIC AND THE NEW YORK HERALD London. Oct 8 (Copy right, 1904 ) Sir James Crichton Brov.nt. who is treasurer of the Royal Institution, a fellow of the Academy of Medicine of New York, and the author of various works on mental and nervous diseases lecturing the other night ridiculed the emphasis laid on nasal breathing In the recently published report of the Committee on Physical Education. "Mischievous consequences," he said, "would follow an attempt to exclude the mouth from its role as an auxiliary pas sage " MEETS GIRL HE BAPTIZED AT SEA 23 YEARS AGO. FBFriAL BY CABLE TO THE ST. LOUTS RE PUBLIC AND THE NEW YORK HERALD. London. Oct. 8 (Copyright. 1904) There was an Interesting accidental meeting on board the Oceanic at Liverpool on Wednes day between Mrs. May Mermanlra Van derbllt Phillips Harper and the Reverend Doctor Spencer Gough, Vicar of Barnard Castle. - The last time Doctor Gough saw the young woman was shortly after she was born on the White Star steamship Ger manic twenty-three years ago, when, happening to be on board, he baptized her. Mr. Cornelius Vandcrbllt standing as godfather. --S- W., - 14, 4 - Francis McCullagh SavsJapanee Went Into Battle Almost Xaked, Save for Kifles and Cartridge Belts, While Italians Carried Huge Overcoats and Many Impedimenta, in Spite of Terrible Heat Japanese Officers and Men, He Asserts, Drank Liberal ly of Intoxicants Before Their Desperate Charges. COSSACKS FEAR THEY WILL nr frcis -iiccir.uGn, Special Correspondent or Tli- Ilepnh lie AItli the Russian rair. COPTRIGIIT IN THE UNITED CT-vTES AND GP.EAT BRITAIN Chinese Village One Dav's March North of Hal-Cheng. July 3 On July IS to 21 there was a battle at the Chinese village of Kang-Gwa-Lin. or Sih-Muh-Chen, be tween Hal-Cheng and Suh-Yan. General Levlstan held that position with cne division, against which the Japanese hurled two divisions without any othT re sult than the lo-s of man thousands of their men. The Russians, it is true, evacuated one point, on account of its possession being more of a source of weakness than of strength, but thev did not evacuate It be cause the Japanese forced them to do so, for the Japanese w ere not attacking them In that place. The Japanese Immediately occupied the position, however., and are probably conv inced that they carried it by assault. On one of the Russian fronts alone the Japanese lost 2 men; at least, a Russian officer counted there that number of corpses. JAPS ALMOST NAKED. Owing to the hea,t. the Japanese came up to tho attack perfectly naked, except that they wore" their little caps, as a pro tection against the -un. their national "warajl" of straw and sandals, and. of course, their rifles and ammunition belts. The piles of naked Japanese corpses, therefore, gave the battlefield quite a me diaeval appearance. On tho other fronts the loss of the as sailants must have ben equally heavy. Most of tho Japanese officers and soldiers were drunk, having Imbibed a large quan tity of "sake." or els- of Chinese ' han shln," before making their desperate and hopeless charge. The Russians bad only 300 casualties in alL From General Levistan's division also I hear the tales of Japanese cruelty that I have heard at the headquarters of tho late General Count Keller and in the di vision of General MIstchenko. One of General Levlstan's soldiers says that, after being captured and conveyed to a Chinese house, the Japanese soldiers tried on his head a Russian bayonet, and then a Japanese bayonet, to ascertain which of the two was the better weapon. He escaped and still bears the mirks of this horrible ordeal on Ns face and scalp He Is a Cossack of the Fourth Ural Regi ment. Students of Japanese history may recall in this connection the pleasant little custom of the Samurai of occasionally trying the swords on criminals, beggar men. corpses ana other unnecessary and undesirable specimens of humanity. AFRAID OF CAPTURE. Like all the other Russian soldiers. Gen eral Lvrlstan's men would sooner die than fall alive Into the hands of the enemy, being convinced that the Japanese tor ture and sometimes murder their pris oners One wounded man lay concealed for three days In a maize field without food or drink, until some Cossacks came along. He would sooner die of starvation than call out for assistance to passing parties of Japanese. With regard to the Japanese soldiers fre quently attacking and generally fighting In a state of nudity. It may be remarked that the Russians might take a lesson from this and send their soldiers Into action with less "Impediments" especially as the Rus sian soldier Is not accustomed to such heat as now prevails In Manchuria and as the Japanese soldier Is quite habituated to even greater heat In his own country. At present Russian troops march to the attack with an enormous overcoat strapped to their backs, a large quantity of ammu nition nnd an unneces-jiry amount of spare clothlnr and "sukharl." or "hard tack." In other words, the Japanese soldier, who Is accustomed to heat, does not even wear a shirt, while the Russian soldier, who Is not accustomed to heat, not only wears a shirt and coat, but carries in addition three spare shirts and a heavy overcoat- MISTCHENKO WINS HONORS IN FIGHT AGAINST ODDS. COPYRIGHT IN THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN. Village Near Hal-Cheng. July 31, 10H An Important battle took place y esterday. July 3). between that stubborn old Blucfcer of the Russian General. Mistchenko. and a much superior force of Japanese, whose heavier artillery decided the day In their fav or. General Mlstchenko's succcs in holding his own against the Japanese at Tsllaogoj. near Nluchwang, which I described In a previous letter, won for him an addition to his force of two infantry regiments and of another battery of artillery. With thU Increased force he tried to check the Jap anese advance through the hilly country to the cast of Hal-Cheng. The Japanese considered It necessary tor them, how ever, to clear tha Russians out of this hilly country", snd the result was yester day's battle with MIstchenko. The Jap anese, whom that old leader had kept In check at TsIIaogou on July 24, had fol lowed him with wonderful celerity. Near Yangshugou. MIstchenko waited for them to come on. but the Japanese became bashful, for the aggressiveness of the Cossack General did not bear out their theory that he had got badly cut up at Tsilaogou and, moreover, he occu pied a strong position In the mountains. The next move of the Japanese was west ward toward Hal-Cheng and the rail way, and this movement obliged MIst chenko to move westward also. On July 23 he took up a position at Tsaomy aotsii. The Japanese who were at Shuetsyouan were the same force which MIstchenko had first encountered BE TORTURED IF CAPTURED. near the Tain, and which followed him thence to Fung-Wnrg-Cheng and Tancha and Ts.laogou. They were said to con sist of some of Kurokl's and some of Nod zu's men. to b 10.Q strong and to havo forty-five guns, some of them mountain, guns. CENSOR MENACING. The censor would have me shot If I told hov. few the Russian guns and how few the men behind them. Suffice It to say that the Japanese artillery was decidedly euperior to the Russians, The Japanese are, like the Chinese, the Indians and other Oriental peoples, ex tremely addicted to early rising, and In the course of tne present war they seem to invariably begin battles at an unearth ly hour. On July- 3) I heard their cannon about 4 o'clock In the morning; and Im mediately proceeded to the place where the principal battery was located, and where the General would remain through out the battle. Mistchejiko was there long before ns, and about a quarter of an hour before I left the headquarter- Colonel Cartsoff. the brave dragoon leader of whom I have spoken in a prev ious letter, rode off alone, after having first Inquired very kindly after my health, for I had had a touch of sunstroke the day before. On my way to the position I met Cart soff being carred back wounded on a. stretcher. He had hardly. It appears, reached his destination before he had been shot from a mountain on the left by a, Japanese sniper The balls of these snipers whittled about our position all day and mao things uncomfortable for us until tho annoyance they caused was swallowed up in the horror of the shrapr.ei. PRAY BEFORE BATTLE. Before the battle began the Rues'an sol diers snatched a moment to turn toward the rising sun In order to cross themselves repeatedly and say their morning prayers', first standing, then kneeling; after the Mussulman custom. They did not prat- simultaneously, but at odd moments; they were, therefore, it tea- plain, not prayinsr to orcVr. I also noticed a gunner cros3 himself reverently befo-e loading his gun for the first time that day. It Is, strange, when one reflects on it. to find the cross of Christ behind a field piece, but somehow or other we find that Incongruity almost since the establishment of Christianity. I do not think that there Is a Christian army In tho world which makea more open profession of its Christianity than the' ""y " "":ia An jnsn or French or even a Spanish soldier who wore the number of rellt-Ious emblems which the. Russian soldier wears and said his prayers with such a Mohammedan dl-regard fcr onlookers, would bo teased to death "c? his comraden. The officers, too. are as profuse In their use of religious emblems as the men. and If the Japanese collect all the crucifixes and religious medals which they find on the bodies of deal Russians they must by this time have accumulated a large stock. It Is painful to think of the bad effect all this is sure to have on the nascent Chris tianity of Eastern Asla. RUSSIANS ON EMINENCHL General MIstchenko had taken up his po sition on a gentle eminence between two fairly high ranges of mountain--. Tha Japanese tried to cross the range on the left, and they first occupied It with sharp shooters, and then with artillery, which they hoisted up there. I don't know how. Tho Russlaas s-mt n, regiment to dislodge them. That regiment lost K men killed and wounded and had several officers wounded, but failed to attain Its object The Russian artillery tried for about six hours to silence the Japanese artillery, but the heavier metal of the latter told in the long run. and the Russian artillery had first to change Its position and finally to leave the valley. It fought stubbornly, however, against ov erwhelmlnpr odds, and when It retired It was with the delibera tion and calmness of a parade. General MIstchenko is now nearer Hal Cheng, but not very much nearer. He has also had about 4-0 casualties. It is notice able that In nearly every part of his forco the Co-dcks, the Infantry and the ar tilleryofficers are among the wounded. Tliis Is due to the bravery of the Rus sian officer, and also to the imprudence with which he exposes himself. It is icc essary. of course, to inspire the men vrlti confidence by showing them that their of ficer is exposed to all the dangers they are exposed to. but I must, nevertheless; say that I think the officers are too Im prudent in this respect. In our first position we landed sh!l after shell on the Japanese position In the hills above us. but could not prevent them from ultimately getting a powerIui battery into position. This battery lost no time In shelling us vigorously, but at first nearly all the shells went over our beads end struck near a Chinese village in our rear. I watched them with perfect "sang frnld" as lorg as they kept up an average dis tance of half a mile, although at first I had felt the continual whistling-ovcrnead a terrible strain on the nerves, y DISTURBED BY SHELLS. The fact that the shells fell closer per turbed me a. good deal, and I was sincere ly glad when the General ordered the bat tery to remove to a hill somewhat furtMt back. We had now our best battery In the ecu ter. our mountain battery In front, one regiment (the Omsk) on tho right, one (the Tobolsk) on the left and the Cossacks scouting, filling up the spaces between the center and the flanks, protecting the transports and discharging a variety of other useful functions. I wa3 under the Impression that the ba tie must have lasted long enou-fh, ant must soon be ov er, but was astounded oS looking at zny watch to discover that ) "jS-ryvsV r--j-yi d