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ft.asspgijjpgaf iiSMWfimv&8&X,-y S'i THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC: THURSDAY, DECEMBER S, 1904. m. I ffi THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC. . I S. liT PUBLISHERS: GEOKGE KNAPP & CO. Charles TV. Knapp, President and General Manager. George It Allen, Vice President. W. B. Carr. Secretary. Office: Corner Seventh and Olive Streets. (REPUBLIC BUILDING.) TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION": DAILY AND SUNDAY-SEVEN ISSUES A WEEK. By Mall In Advance Postage Prepaid. One year. ;....J6-00 Six months 3.00 Three months l-5o Any three days except Sunday one year 3.00 Sunday, with Magazine 2.00 Special Mall Billion. Sunday 1.75 Sunday Magazine L BY CARRIIIR-ST. LOUIS AND SUBURBS. Per week, dally only Scents Per week, dally and Sunday 11 cents TWICE-A-WEEK ISSUE. Published Monday and Thursday one year $1.09 Remit by bank draft, express money order or regis tered letter. Address: TIIE REPUBLIC, St. Ixmis. Mo. ETReJccted communications cannot be returned under Any circumstances. Entered in the Post Offlce at St. Louis. Mo., as rec ' ond-class matter.. DOMESTIC POSTAGE! PER COPY. , Eight, ten and twclvo pages. 1 cent Sixteen, eighteen and twenty pages 2 cents for one or Z cents for two copies Twenty-two or twenty-eight pases 2 cents Thirty pages 3 cents IN EUROPE. The Republic Is on file at the following places: LONDON Trafalgar building. Northumberland avenue, room 7. PARIS 10 Boulevard 3es Capuclncs. corner Place de I'Operajuid E3 Rue Cambon. BERLIN Equitable Gebaude. 59 Frledrichstrasre. TELEPHONE NUMBERS. Bell. Kinloch. Countlng-Room .. .-. Main WIS A 75 Editorial Rcception-Room '..Main3S35 A C7I THURSDAY. DECEMBER S, 1!XM. Vol. 97... No. 101 CixcuI."bioa Ciaring SToTrexxibar W. B Carr.Buslneis Manager of The St. Louis Re public being; duly sworn, says that tho actual-number of full and complete copies of the Dally and Sunday Republic printed during the month of November, 1934, all in regular editions, was as per schedule bolow: Date. Copies. Date. Copies. l 107,30: to lon.iw) a lOOeSrS- 'a'l 0a (112(1 ft 10a,It0 18 lf)."S,270 ; 4.. ........... .lOT.nOH 19 10T5(K . n.., ........... llOJIXi 20(Snndy) 124,1.10 I (((Sunday) 123,8uu 21 10-I.S73 ! 7.... iopvkiu 22 10.1.110 ' S 108.010 23 104,011) J B 164000 24 107,800 ' Ifl ISSrIMO S3 102.78O 11 .....103,710 20 106,700 IS 110,000 27 (Sunday) 125,070 f 13 (Sandfly) 125,090 28..., JO:5,u:H 14 100530 29.. 10.VJ-0 lo. ............ .10f4U 30. ............ 10w i i ji Total for the month r 3M3500 i Less all copies spoiled in printing', left over 'c or filed ............ 8,8o0 Net number distributed 343, tno Average daily distribution 10S,1S1 And said W. B.-Carrfurther says that the number of copies returned and reported unsold during; the month of November was 13.24 per cent. W. B. CARR. Sworn to and subscribed before mo this 30th day of November. J. F. FARISIL My term expires April 25, 1905. caso conversion and concelvwi 4u "the liarmlcsaiiess of senatorial senility. It Is a pusillanimous l'laltl tude destined to "cut no ice." .. BUILDJNG CODE HEARING. Architects, contractors, real estate agents, public officials, officers of Improvement associations and all who are Interested In building construction, ebonld participate In the public .bearing which the Council's Committee on Sanitary Affairs will con duct next Friday afternoon on the proposed re vision of the building code. The bill has been un wisely amended by the House of Delegates, if there Is to be adequate legislation the Council must have support from experts. Revision of the building code is a matter of great importance; of imperative necessity. The present lavs are incomplete and ineffective. The bill as amended by the House of Delegates Is in some re spects a mockery of legislation and even of prin ciple; some of Its provisions are worse, both in meaning and in disregard of correct rules, than a lew of the worst sections of the existing ordinances. One or two amendments to which The Republic referred some time ago, ought never, to be allowed in any municipal ordinance and ought nover to have the approval of a single member of the Municipal Assembly. St, Loolg needs a complete, modern, effective building code, and to obtain revision the City Coun cil and the -public officials ought to have vigorous, encouragement. The urgency, of revision is obvious. Around the City Hall are seen rows of mere shacks. In cereral parts of the city are '"mushroom structures'"'' which are' equally objectionable. Some of the "construction which Is authorized does not coincide with rules as to safety, mncb less as to modern, ideals regarding beauty of appearance. There Is doubt as to the force of penalty provisions in the existing law. There Is, or has been, peculiar antagonism to certain desirable reforms in the code. I Is .unnecessary to call attention to the Im portance, of 'having good, safe, properly equipped, respcctable-iboklng 'buildings. A city Is what It looks like. Buildings are as safe as the law re quires them to be. St. Louis is no longer a town or a village, but a city, a progressive city, and it should bare a building code which not only would permit buf would help approved construction. The amendments made by the House evoke reproof from experts and from citizens who arc zealous about the correct improvement of St Louis. ' ' .FIDDLESTICKS. The Honorable Senator Tom Piatt's bill aiming nt the reduction of the South's representation in Congress need not scare anybody. Having intro duced It, the venerable'T. C. P. may as well totter away back and sit down. His bill resembles nothing so much as the bill of' an antiquated, mosquito, capable of stinging a little, but baring no suction behind It to .draw blood. Congress will undoubtedly have sense enough to pay no more attention to it than the average healthy body would accord to' an invitation to jump astride of a buzz saw; for nothing Is more admirably cal culated to split, that august body. Congress is not looking for trouble. With Its vast tpp-heavy Re publican majority It has literally enough troubles of It own already on hand. The Republican party in Congress suggests an other comparison that of the ancient elms of New England which split -of, their own vast spreading weight Tfie ' Republican party is looking rather for iron bands to bind- Its big limbs together than for' extra burdens to sunder them down. - EvfH If both houses should lose their sanity and consider and pass such a measure, Mr. Roosevelt ." Is, nctjrby. nJ' -means mentally destitute, and he v.irnlr-TMlltlvrm-nli' with ritsivptn and he hug . vw i.f.H - .- - - . , ,r fSJ-, nist oMteySbntbern whites.. MrTloosevelt went so lrH??li.'ln-!ihotht' iHrfvtlnn- however, that he did not - ;'W90.. OiHch as allude lo.jthe matter In his message. fTnIs-hSttlnaown' the South's represcnta- A BETTER -HOUSE. "While the present House of Delegates is better In all, or nearly all. respects than any of its predeces sors in many years, It is.not asgood as it ought to be. At times it has done most commendable work, almost rising to the City Council's standard, and it has made a consistent record in passing public im provement measures; yet It occasionally lias dropped to the former level and has dallied with important matters. The House ought ro be as satisfactory as the Council. There Is no defensible reason why a ma jority In the House should not rcpiescut the better element of citizenship. The Couuciimen are elected at large; the Delegates from the wards. The elec tion of a competent, trustworthy Delegate from a ward is as easy, when voters register their decision in accordance with sincere promptings, as the t-ii'c-tion of a Councilman from the city. The character of the House is expressive of the sentiment in a ward, as thar of the Council is indicative of public 'opinion throughout the city. Against the present House there are Feveral seri ous complaints. Among them 'is the defeat' of garbage-reduction legislation, which compelled the administration to act Independently In doing away with the old and objectionable system. The House did assist in establishing a municipal, coliectiug'and hauling systefa, which was gratifying legislation; but in opposing the" garbage-reduction bill,. it an tagonized public opiulon. AnotlieiC ahappointiug act was the amendment' of tli?'tiundiig-codereform bill. Another was the deieatTfcfi tW-bHl authorizing the submission of a ltonil issuj proposition to the voters. About this proKs!tiou it can be said that the Houe had no right to deny the voters an op portunity to signify their wishes as to public im provements. Probably the House was encouraged by the gang-ruled Globe. But unquestionably, the voters are entitled to have this opportunity. Citizens of the different wards should take action at a very early date toward Inducing trustworthy men to run for the House of Delegates and in ar ranging to give such candidates strong support The present Ilou.e is a great improvement over its predecessors; it marks advance iu giving character to the local legislature: it has done quite a great deal of commendable work. But it is not as good o? as reliable as the majority of the voters would have It The next civic effort should be to elect even a better House. At the last election there was a chance to elect a few additional good men. Unfortunately, however, the morning organ of the Republican machine ad vocated the cause of members of the Zipgcnliein ma chine who were nominees in Republican wards. The Star was self-respecting enough, although it did not fight these nominees, not to support them. There always will be a prospect of gang-taint iu St Louis as long as the Republican organs are timid. Tor Instance, none of them criticised the appointment made very lately by the uew Republican Coroner. The battle for reform ought to be carried int- th? wardj next spring. Good men will be electe.l to the House from every ward if the good citizens will work to have good men nccinatcd and then work to elect good men. Obj'ecrionable men win because their friends work hard. Good mcu de cline to run because they believe that they will not be supported zealously. Lot's see what we can do this spring toward improving the House. . ? f NO APATHY HERE. The senatorial situation in Missouri is rapidly assuming the condition of a. free-for-all, with two or three of the aspirants fighting hard, and maybe to the death, and the other four or five hitting about In less vindictive but decidedly battle royal fashion. And this aspect of the free-for-all Is what in terests the dark horse, the man who has not pub licly announced but Is hoping. He calculates that all of the seven or eight in the arena may be done for by their very manner of fighting: that they may lose public confidence altogether and render them selves impossible; in which event he will be the only logical selection. And the number of, "only logical" selections I" almost past comprehension. It is scarcely limited by the number of Republican voters in the State. There are more senatorial candidates in Missouri than colonels In Kentucky. Our honorable men are all ambitious. There is no apathy anywhere. May the best man win. From Fuch a big field there ought to be a good selection; though it would take two ot the present aspirants to make a Vest or Cockrell. - RHODES SCHOLARSHIP EXAMINATIONS. All applications for the Rhodes Scholarships must le filed by December 31, and it Is announced that the qualifying examinations will be held nt Columbia, Mo. They will be under the direction ot President Jesse of the State University, who is chairman of the Committee of Selection for Mis souri; and all applications should be sent to him. The coming examination is the second pursuant to the Rhodes Scholarship plan. The first was held In March of this year. Cecil Rhodes left in trust a great property, the interest on which is to 1m used forever in main taining students from the British Colonics, the United Stales and Germany at the University of Oxford, in England. These scholarships will yield approximately ?L"00 a year to each scholar whose term of residence at Oxford may be three years. One scholarship was awarded In each State and Territory of the United States last year and an other will be awarded this year. Only two can be held at one time for the same State. An extract from Rhodcs's will, sets forth his de sires as to the selection of students. No better or more Interesting definition of the Ideal student could anywhere be found: My desire being that the Ftu-lcnta who shatl bo elected to the scholarships shall not be merely book-worms, I direct that In the election of a student to a scholar ship rcsard shall be had to (!) his literary and scholastic attainments: (II) his fond ness of and success in manly outilcnr sports, such "as cricket football and thj like; (ill) his qualities of manhood, truth. cnuraRo. devotion to duty, sympathy mr the protection of the weak, kindliness, un selfishness and fellowship, and (Iv) h'.t exhibition durlnsr school days of moral force of character and of Instincts to lead and to takenn interest In his schoolmate., for those latter attributes will be likely in after life to sufde him to esteem the performance of public duties as his high est 'aim. As mere suggestions for the guidance of those who "will have the choice of students fcr the scholarships I record that my Ideal qualified student would combine these four qualifications in tho proportion of three-tenths for the first, two-tenths for the second, three-tenths for the third and two-tenths for the fourth qualification, so that according to my Ideas If the maximum number of marks for any scholarship were 200 they would be apportioned as follows: Sixty to each of the first and third qualifications and forty to each of tho second uifd' fourth qualifications. Rhodes' ideal student, the youth of intellect, of .- KMconcclTed in the mere prattle of the Chi- physical and moral strength and the qualities of leadership, is the proper material tor the English university, whose aim is primarily to train men. For half a century American universities have been largely influenced by the German educational idea, which looks chiefly to the tralningiof investigators, and, as President Jesse pointed out last year, the result of the Rhodes Scholarships ultimately should be to mingle the tide of German influence with a. tide of Enli1-!! influence. From the American standpoint, which is matter-of-fact and practical, the effect will be beneficial. Pedagogy may bring out partisan adherents to the German idea exclu sively, but tiie argument of American utilitarianism is for the training of the individual as a worker, a citizen, a font in daily affaire, in a period of productivity and development of natural resource. Certainly the American universities may well strive to train both the inte-stlgator and the individual; to give youth a broader if less specialized equipment .. Doctor Albert Itobiu reiiorts to the French Aeadeuiie de Medicine that certain meuiK such as gold and silver, are efficacious iu the treatment of pneumonia. There is no doubt that the Academle will find Doctor Robin' riqwrt to bo correct Med ical experience in the United States shows that equally beneficial results are obtained with checks and currency and ordinary legal tender. .. Ir is suggested that the British Order of Merit should be offended to the United St.ites. The idea would be acceptable if American rich families which pine to add titles to wealth would take this as meeting their yearnings. . ."What will Congress do," asked an ancient wit, "when it reassembles in December? If it follows precedent, it will make an ass of Itself." Mr. Roosevelt is just likely to goad the elephant into making an as of itself. The Million Club Is lusty for a one-week-old. It begins its career auspiciously, with a grand prize from the World's Fair and the services of the grand prize officers of the World's Fair. w There is a new problem to the Japanese-Russian War. Since the .laps have captured ai.'5-Metcr Hill, how muck nearer are they to Port Arthur? x A few lKirbers appear to have decided to make exposition conditions perpetual. But they are rather considerate. They return SI out of $r. RECENT COMMENT. Th The Lorfl (rc anil Canailn. London Black and White. Lord Curzon is not the only great Pro-Consul has taken his farewell of Enslteh people this week. new Governor General of Can.id.i, Lord Grey, was en tertained at dinner by the Canada Club on Jlonday, and the occasion was signalized by several notable speeches, among wlilch that of the Archbishop of Canterbury wai not the lean IntiTf "tins. It was the first public speech which the Primate hail delivered since his return from America, and the account which he pave of his impres sions was. full of Mirsestlon. In particular he empha sized not only the "bigness;" but the hopefulness which he found In .he great new country that he hart visited a character that has struck more than one observer of Transatlantic life. In illustration of this impression hi'i Grace told tho story of the wife of a Governor General of Canada, whone omy trouble was the fact that she could not crow dnarf plants in her new home. She or dered the best specimens from the old country, but no sooner were they planted in Canadian soil than tjiey ceased to be dwarf plants. Thijjrchblahop, by the way. In the couise of Ills eloquent tribute to Lord Grey, men tion that thirty or forty years ago the lndcllnltenesa of date is surely excusable he. wa3 a schoolfellow of the new Governor General at Harrow. Lord Grey made it clear by his own ppeeeii that he is taking up his ex alted duties very much con amore, for he spoke In terms ot the greatest enthusiasm of the people ocr who"e destinies he is to preside for the next five years, and whose acquaintance he has made under three previous Governors General. He expressed tho hope that ho would be privileged to drive the last srlke of the new tr.incontinental railway, which Is In course of con struction, and which Is the mot slcnal testimony to th marvelous development of prosperity in Canada. Tes timony of a less Imposing Islnd is to be found in the fact, alluded to by Lord Strathcona. that Canada, Imports to this country more cheese than all other countries put together. But the most sisnlflcant nolo of all the Epecchcs at the Canada Club banquet was not that of the material prosperity, but of tho deep-seated and almundlns loyalty of the Canadian people to the British connection: and this sentiment no Governor General could b better fitted to strengthen and encourage than Lord Grey. "The Simple Life," By pastor Cbarles IClaoncr. WHAT THE THEATERS WILL OFFER NEXT WEEK The Traiellns: Snlcmnan. Charles X. Crcwdson In the Saturday Evening Post. Salesmanship is the business of the world It is about all there Is to the world of business. Knter tho door of a successful wholesale or manufacturing house and you stand on the threshold of an establishment represented by first-class salesmen. They are tho steam and a bis part of the engine, too that makes business move. I w in print the other day the statement that sales manship is the "fourth profession " It is not; it Is the first Tho salesman, when he stirts out to "get there," must turn mors sharp comers, "duck" thrnujrh more alles and face moro cold, stiff winds than any other worker I know of. He mu3t think quickly, yet use Judfrmcnt; he must work hard and often long. Ho must coax ono minute and "stand out" the next. He must persuade persuade the man ho approaches that he nreds his goods, and make him buy yes, make him. He 13 messenger boy, train dispatcher, department buyer, credit man. actor, lawyer and politician all under one hat: To the position of traveling salesman attach Inde pendence, dignity, opportunity, substantial reward. Many of the tribe do not appreciate this; those do eo best who in time try the "professional life." When thty do they usually go back to the road, happy to get there again. Yet were they permanently to adopt a profes sion, ray, the law they would make better lawyers be cause they had been traveling men. Were many pro fessional men to try the road they wouH go back to their first occupation because forced to do so. The traveling man can tell you whj-. I bought, a few days ago," a plaything for my small boy. What do you nip pose It was? A toy train. I wish him to get used to it, for when he grows up I am going to put him on the road hustling trunks. Aftenrard. Town Topics. I walked myself upright alone. Nor asked ot any aught of aid; Before me straight mj' caurse was laid, I knew each corner stone. But, ah! Love took my hand one day, A moment stayed, then left again; I started on, but. strange, since then I cannot find my way! An Unpatriotic Detective. Toronto Mail and Empire. William A. Pinkerton, the great private dctectivi Is In London, and to an interviewer unburdened himself thus: "While In America detectives are quick, here they nre sure. In England the police are more often right" If Mr. Pinkerton really said this It must be that he docs not intend to return home and face the outrage! public opinion of Chicago and Kew York. The Voyage of the rialtlc Fleet. London Punch. As "Ships of th? Desert" ore liable to be mistaken for Japanese torpedo boats, tho Egyptian Government has warned all camel drivers that during the passage of the Ealtlc fleet through the Suez Canal, camels will be allowed within f hell range of the canal only at their owners' risk. To lemaln near the banks would-be Suez Addinc to War's Horror. Philadelphia Record. One would think that the Japanese appetite for war had been thoroughly sated by this time. Prince Fushlmi. however, is evidently of a contrary opinion. Ho pro; poses to Introduce the game of football when he returns to Japan, s Coprlrht, 1301. by J. S. Olcllvfe Pub. Co.. Xew York, and publishfil by arrangement with them. But there are not only the prides of the great; there are also the pri'cs of the small ones, that low morgue which Is tli worthy pendant of tho higher one. T..t root of thse two prides is Identical. The man who says, "me law ia me." H not only th.it arrogant and imperious being who proiokts insurrection bv hi attltuJc alonu; it is still the bUbaitiTii, wnosv wooden head will not admit tr.at there is anything above him. There are positively a quantity ot pfo ple whom ail superiority IrritafS. i'or them all advicu Is an offence; all criti cism an imposture; all crders an attempt on their liberty. Tney will not accept an rules; to respect anything or anjone sterna to them like mental aberration. They say in their manner, "Aside from ua there ia no place for anyone." Of this haughty family are also those who are inti actable and susceptible to excess: who, in humbler conditions, never succeed In being contented, and who ful fill their duties with tho airs of victims. At the bottom of these grieving spirits there is a misplaced .self-love. They do not know how to keep their post timply; and they complicate their lives, and those of others, by ridiculous enactions and un jut after-thoughts. When one takes the pains to study men at close rangt, one is surprised to find that pride hxs Its haunts among those whom call humble. Such is the poner of this vice that it yucci-Mls in forming around the lits of tho-e who live in the most niouc.it conditions a thick wall, which Wolates them from their neigh bors. They are there Intrenched, barri caded in their ambitions and disdains, as unattainable as the powerful ones of the earth behind tliflr aristrocratic preju dices. Obscure or illustrious, pride urapc itself in Its comber royalty of yiniity to tho human kind. It Is tne aarne in its i. ...., i ,.. ......... .-.i,. ,mn i rlpM misery .iim in ils j,iaiuMi, " . ' and solitary, distrusting everything and complicating everj thing And v.e can never repeat enough, that if there is to much hatred and hostility between the different cijsses. it is less to the external fatalities than to the inward fatality that we owe them The antagonism of interest 'and the contrasts of situations dig ditches between us no one can deny it but prMe transform those ditches into abysses, and in reality it is they onlv who cry from ur.e bank to the othtr. "There l nothing in common bctn ecn you and us " We have not jet finished with pride, but It is Impossible to picture It under all of Its forms. I blame it, above all, when it meddles with knowledge and sterilizes it. We owe knowledge, like riches and power, to our fei!ow-b.'!ngs. It is a social force which should sre and it cannot, unless those who know remain in heart near tha-o who do not know. When knowledge transforms Itself Into an Instrument or ambition, it destroys itself . What shall we say of the pride of tne good peop!e7 for it exists, and renders even virtue hateful. Tho just who repent of the evil that others do. live In a soli darity and in a social truth. On the con trary the Just who despise others for th-ir faults and their crookedness, intrench themselves against humanity, and their nual.ties. descended to the rank ot a vain on ament of thir vanity, become similar .. ., !wn tihlA). LlndnMCj rtoe not inspire, to that authority which does not temper the spirU of obdience. As much as the haughty rich and the arrogant master, prideful virtue is detestable. It gie man features and an attitude that reeai, I know not what, that is belliger ent 1m example drive; us away insteAU of ('rawing us to them, and those whom this virtue "dcipns to honor with its benefits leel as if they had received a blow. Iet us sum up and conclude: It is an error to think that our ad vantages, wnatever they are. should be put to the teriice ot our vanity. Lacn ono of them constitutes for him who en joys It an obligation and not an ooje-ex ot self-glorification. The material good", power, knowledge and the quilitles of the lie-art and mind become as many causes or discord when they serve to nourish pride They are only beneficient when they en aln subjects of modesty for those who pofs, tr.em. l.a us be humble If we poseso much, because tiiat proves' that we are debtors. All that a man ins 1 owes to sonv; one, and are we sure oi being able to pay our debts? Let us be humble If we are vested with some important funtlon. and if we hold in our nanus me wic m 'u"fl. " - - Impossible that n clear-seeing man ilpes not feel himself under such grave duties. It us be humble If we have many -ic-quaintance-s. for they serve us but, JPe better to authenticate the greatness of the unknown, and to compare the little that we have discovered by o-irselves with the mass of what wv owe to the pains or In sum. let us he humble above all. If we are virtuous, because no one can bet.er feel his defects than he who has been drilled, and mere than anyone he should feci the n"ed of being Indulgent to others and to suffer for others who are doing wrong. And what do you do with the necessary distinctions? someone may say. With so much simplicity are you not going to ef face that sentiment of distance which it is necessary to maintain for the proper worUng of a society? ... I am not of the opinion that it would be well to suppress the distances and distinc tions. But I think that what distinguishes a man is not found In grade, in function, neither In the uniform, nor in the fortune, hut in him alone. More than any other epoch, ours has torn away the vanity or purely external things. To be someone now it does not sufflcio any longer to wear tho mantle of an Kmperor or a royal crown. What good would It serve to wear gold lace, have a coat of arras or a ribbon? Certainly, external signs arc not to bo condemned, they have their "fjn'S cation and their utility, but on condition that they cover something and not emrm ncss. The dav when they mean nothing thev become useless and dangerous. The only way to distinguish ones self la to be better. If you wish that the social dis tinctions, so necessary, so respfctnble in themselves, should be effectually respect ed, vou must fint make yourself worthy of them. Otherwise ou will contribute to making them hated and despised. It Is a thing unfortunatelv too certain that re spect is at a low ebb with us. and it Is certainly not tho fault of tho distinctions suitable to mari what they wish should bo respected. The cause of the evil is in the belief that a high position exempts him who occupies It from observing the current duties of life. In lifting ourselves we believe that we are lifted above the law. And so we forget that the spirit of modesty and obedience should crow with the occasion. It results that those who demand the most respect for their charge do the leat to merit it That is why rernect Is diminishing. Tho oiiy distinction necessary is this which consists in the desire to be better. Tho man who tries to become, better be- moro familiar even with those who owe him respect. But as it gains by being letter known, hierarchy loses nothing, and it reaps ail the more rerpect where it sowed the least pride. CIIAPTKR XI IT. Eilncaflon In Simplicity. The- simple life being, above all. the product of a direction of the mind, it is natural that education should have a great influence in that domain. Wo employ scarcely more than two methods of bringing up children. The first consists in bringing them 'up for ourselves. Tho second consists In bringing -them up fcr themselves. In the first case, the child is considered as a complement of the parents. He forms a part of their belongings and oc cupies a place among the objects which they posse's. Sometimes that place Is the noblest; when parents appreciate the life of the affections most. Sometimes also when material interests predominate, the child comes In the second, third or last -place. In no case i3,he someone. Young, he gravitates around his parents, not only from obedience, which Ls legiti mate, but bv subordination of all the Ini tiatives of his being. As he advances in age. this subordination accentuates its self and becomes confiscation in the widening of his ideas, sentiments, and ev rrything. His minority perpetuates itself. Instead of evoluting slowly toward Inde pendence, man progresses in slavery. He Is what they permit him to become, that which commerce, or the Industry of his father, or the religious beliefs, political opinion, and aesthetic tastes of his father exact of him. He will think, speak, mar ry, add to his family, in the sense an 1 limit of the "pitcrnal absolutism. This family absolutism mav he practid by people who have no will at all; It suffices that they shall be convinced that the child hall be the thing of the parents. Lacking energy, they take possession of him by other means, by sichs. supplications or by base- seductions. If they cannot enchain him they will take him with bird-lime and thus entrap him. But he will live In them, bv them and for them, wlilch is the only admissible thing to their minds. Thlirklnd of education Is not only prac- Two Richard Harding Davis plays will be on view in St Loui-- next week. Rob ert Eiltfon is to present "Hanson's Fol ly" at the Century. Out at the Odcon the new- stock company promises a revival of "Soldiers of Fortune" that will stir Grand avenue from the water tower to the River des Peres. The revolution so picturesque ly set forth is to be Americanized by the introduction of Catling guns and a stage full or carefully drilled supers. Hear Admiral Evans attended the per formance of "Ranson's Folly" given by Robert Edeson and his company In Wash ington. Later he visited the actor in his dressing-room. Admiral "Rob" was en thusiastic in his commendation of Actor "Bob's" production, with one exception. He found fault with the cook, flayed by Miss Jane Rivers. Mr. Edeson expostu lated, saying that Miss Rivers was an actress of abilities far beyond those re; quired bv her part in "Ranson'H l-ollv. "You must admit that she is a beauty, concluded the actor. Thaf'i juit the point, replied the Ad miral "Sne's supposed to be unmarried. l-n't 'she? Well, my boy. a woman as rtetty a that at an army pos-t and unmar-iied-if. absurd. Why, bless me. Its Im possible!" "Leah Kleschna" ls the title of a new piece Mrs. Fiske will produce in New York December 12. The drama Is by C. M. S. McLelljii. who recently arrived from Lon don to be present at the final rehearsal?. It i a drama of modern life, with its scenes laid In I'.trU and near Xeustadt, Austria. Mrs. Fiike's role is that of the daughter of a thief, motherless, and Lruugnt up uy nim to iuhuw m n;s auw. steps as a criminal. The plot deals with a strange romance in her life that ends happily. Mrs. Fiske's role, as the mere suggestion of its character intimates, will rns aosoiuieiv uiuereiiL iruiu uio y--many in which she has won fame. Charles Curtwright. the noted English actor will make Us American debut in a prominent roll-, while among the others are John Mason and George Arliss. This will be the first new play produced by Mrs. Fiske In two seasons. Mme. Fannie Bloomfield Zelslcr will give a piano recital in the Odeon Decem ber 19. She has just returned from a pro fessional tour of Europe. At Paris, before the musical audiences of the Iimour eux concerts, she was a great favorite. Mme. Zelsler is an especial protege of the Union .Mus.cal Ciub. under wliose auspices she appears in St. Louis. " Burton Holmes gathered a lot ot ma terial last summer in Ireland, where he spent several weeks, and this material, arranged In two chapters and thirty-two scenes, to use Mr. Holmes's own definition, will be tho subject of the lecture to-night at Y. M. C A. Hall. "Beautiful Ireland" will be "traversed" throughout its length and breadth. The first part of this lecture includes the crossing of the Irish' Chan nel, bv no means the least interesting ex perience. "Horse Show Week" in Dublin Is another chapter. In the recond part the national characteristics of the Irish will b touched upon and their well known monuments, loth natural and artificial, will be given a place on the screen and elucidation by the lecturer. Society of Chicago. Boston and Wash ington is represented In the company that will appear with Robert Edeson In "Ran son's Folly" at the Century next week. Louise Compton was two years ago a pop ular member of the jounger Xorth Shore set In Chicago as Louise Compton Kitt redge: Adele Richardson, as Adele Rich, figured conspicuously in the amateur the atricals given by the residents of Boston's Back Ray. and Dallas Tyler, who Joins the organization In St-Louis. Ls the daugh ter of a Government official and partici pated actively in Washington's social af fairs until she undertook the more ardu ous career of an actress. m , The only salaried dog in the world Is ap pearing in "Peggy From Paris." His name Is Comfort and he belongs to Miss Grace Orr Myers, of the company. You would know Comfort if you met him in the street, day or night By day. he Is dis tinguishable by the many scars of:ombat on his person, for Comfort is a bulldog, and. after the manner of his kind, dearly loves a fight. Indulgences of this tendency have cost him an ear. By night Comfort ls known by the Illumination he carries at his neck. This is an electric collar, the only one of its kind in existence. Miss Mjers invented It. It Is a broad leather strap, studded with little electric bulbs, for which the electricity is supplied from a storage battery hanging to the collar. On leaving tlio theater at night Miss Myers turns on the battery and Comfort Illumi nates her way home. During rehearsals of "Peggy From PariJ," last fall. Miss Myers was In the habit of taking Comfort to the theater. The dog speedily made friends with all the members of the company, for while ugly with kind, he Ls mild mannered and affectionate to human beings. A dog Is used in "Peggy From Paris." and as. the fox terrier which had played the part last year had gone the way of all flesh, they began using Comrort. at rehearsals. The dog took so kindly to the performance that one morning the manager said to Miss Myers: "I hope you are going to take Comrort on the road with you this year, so we can use him In the play." Miss Myers replied that she was not; that it was expensive carrying a dog about the country and a grent deal of trouble. Sho explained that a person traveling with a dog frequently had to pay for its main tenance at hotels, and for its transporta tion on tho train. The manager asked her at what she estimated the cost. She answered about $10 a week. "AH right," replied the manager. "I'll DAISY YOST. One of the principals In "The Maid una the Mummy." which comes to the Cen tury December 13. pay Comfort $19 a week and put him on the salary list." So Comfort became a regular member of the company-. Hills to Come. Robert Biescn will appear at the Century next week in "Hansen's Folly." Ueitcn3nt Hanson, whose adventure" fcr the theme of the p!a7. Is a. typical hro cf lh Darts type who totes dancer for its oun sake and feecs on excitement. He Is a straazer trc repese. and consequently finds it ncrary to do oir.e thlnc reckless la order to relieve the monotony of garrison life on the alkali pUins. He de clares Incidentally that it req-ilres no real rour ace to hold lip a stace. and wager that he can do It wltS no mort. fcrmldab'e weapon than a pair of shears. He makes pood his boast, bat Jmt as he t3 becoming to have some of tn fun which be had planned a a resu-t ot nl scared, he finds himself nnder arrest on tn charce of robbinsr and sheeting an army pay master Of cours. It was a ral hihw-irrnin who committed the deed, bat everybody he lieies that ft was the dare-devil Liratesan After many lnfre-tlni complication? th truth comes eut ard Ran-cm weds Mary Ouilll. th post traders daughter. "Peggy from Pails" comes to the Olvmpla after Lulu Glaser. A mcjority of the principals , .... f...... i.. win ?,,. sniR cramlnent KUU nuc ut.g iasL . .. in the organization. The? include" Arthur Desaa as the funny- J-inltof. Josls seuier in ia rue, ot the German maid. Jacaues Kruxer and Grace Orr Myers. Miss Glaser is enjoying a. successful week la "A Madcan Princess." Th Sign of the Cross" will succeed "la Old Kentucky" at the Grand Opera-house. Georce Fl'xsl ls to plav Maxcua Superbusj The scenes of extravagant luxury of th Roman court are shown li rich color, aai the, many thrilllmr Incidents of the persecution ami marts rdom of tfce Christians, and the final triumph ot the beautiful Christian maiden. Merda. over ber pajran admirer. Marcus So perbus. make this a nwt Impressive DUr. A buck and tvlnr dander content is an nounced as an aided reature of tie performance of "In Odd KenttAv" Friday- nitht. of "la Old KentoeTr" Friday nleht. "The Tonn Hall To-N'sht." Wid M. Cressy little play, is so full of nood-natuxed comedy that the Columbia's- audience find It most di verting Trm-e to ccme next, week are the Carter c Haven Fextet. the; firiU Thereses, Thorpe and Carleton. Hayes and Healy. Polk and Kollln, Jack Gardner. Lawsoa and amon. Hcsa le Tsler. Pierce and Malzee. Kennedy and James and Gecree Austin. At the Imperial "A Hot Old Time" ls belmr presented by a capab'e company. "At tho Old Cronn Roads" Is the title of a flie-eet play of Southern life which will be sen here after th-j farce comedy. The play Is cr-d-lttd with being one ct the best 't Hal Held a dramas. The cempiny cemorise Yi'illlara Brum roell A. J. Blward. Philip Connor. Harry J Jur:inon, James B. Martin. E. F. Ccchrap. H. J. Burns. May N'annery. Mrs. Chas. O Cralr. Mildred Hyland. Avis LnbCell and Alice CU-tt-a. Popular prices and dally matbiess. are. now the policy. "A Desperate Chance.' fotmded on the no torious BMd'e brothers" case. ill to the new bill at Ha-vlln Theater. The piece ls la Tour acts, snowtsg the murder of Grocerymaa Ken ney. the arrest of the Biddies, their escape, aided bv Mr?. Sorrel, and the Baal capture and death of the criminals. "After Midnight,'" new- en view here, is the latest melodramatic novelty. It Is a play of Xcw Tork life, a The Golden Giant Mine" ls proving a draw ing card at the star Theater. Tne plot Is laid In the West and the characters are very true to life. Beslnnlag next week tie stock com pany will present James O'Neill" famoua play. "Monte Crista." "The Scan of Ufa" will come to the Craw fonl. Lewis Donazetta. who pots forth this revival, rromlsee a lot of "tartllcjt new scenlo effect-. The nonazctta acrobat, whose darlrx: feat suggested the name of this drama, eon tirue -with the companv. "Sweet Clover." with Otis ITS Thayer and Gertrude Bondhlll In the leading role. Is cow on view at the Craw ford The Imperhil Burleeouers' Rive a lively show nt the fctandanl. On the olio are '.llllan and Rena Washburn. Fojie Coy. Emmocds. Km erson and Enur.onds. Georxe Diamond and Mc Ra.e and "Wvatt- The Imperials will be suc ceeded bv the Momlnir Glory Buileauers. tlccr! In the family, but also in the great social organism whoso principal educa tional function consists in laying the hands on the new arrivals, so to fasten them In the rrost Irresistible fashion In the existing frames. It is the reduction. the trituration pnd absorption of the In dividual In a -sochil body, whether It Is theocratic, communistic, or simply bureau cratic and given to routine. Sen from the outside, such a system of education would eem to ho, above all. simple. These proceeding! are. In fact, absolutely so. And. If man were nobody, if he were but a "ample of the race, that would be the perfect education. As all the wild beasts and all the fl-h and insects of tile same clas.1 and kind have thi same lino in the same place, so v.e would be all Identical, having the same tastes, the same lan guage, the same beliefs, and the same tendencies. But man Is not but a sample of the race: and It Ls because of that that this kind of education Ls far from being simple in its effects. Men vary so much from each other that we must invent In numerable means to reduce, to cause to sleep or quench Individual thought. We have but partially succeeded, and even this is being constantly disarranged. At every moment the initiative In terna force finds its way out through "Ome fissure with more or less violence, and produces explosions, commotions, and grave disorders. And there, where noth ing results, where the force submits to the outward authority, the evil lies at the bottom. Under the apparent order are hidden sullen revolts, tarnishings con tracted in an abnormal existence, apathy end death. It Is a bad system that produces such fruit, and however simple It appears, at tho foundation It engenders all the com plications The other system Ls tho opposite ex treme. It consists in bringing the children up for themselvfci The position Is re versed: the parents are there for the chllil. Scarcely is he born, when ha be comes the center. The white heads of the grandparents and the robust ono of the father Incline before that curly head. His stammering Is their joy; a sign, from him suffices. Jf he cries harder than usual in his cradle at night, no fatigue countu, the whole house Ls up. The new comer is not long in learning that he holds the full power. Before he walks he Is dizzy with it As he grow3 that grows with him and embellishes itself. Parents, grandparents, domestics, pro fessors, everybody are at his orders. He accepts the homage, and even the immola tion of his neighbor: he treats as a re calcitrant subject whoever does not stand aside as he passes. There is but him. He is unique;- the perfect the infallible one. They discover too late that they have given themselves a master, and what a master! Forgetful of sacrifices, without respect, even without pity, he takes no more account of those to whom he owes all. and goes through life without law or bridle. , . This education baa Its scclal form, too. It flourishes -where the past does not count where history begins-, but with th living, where there is neither tradition, nor discipline, nor respect; where those who know the least talk the loudest; wherp all those who represent public or der become uneasy before the first-comer, whose force consists In -talking still louder and respecting no one. It assures th reign of ephemeral passions, the triumph of the inferior arbiter. I compare these two educations, where one is the exalta tion of the center, nnd the other the ex altation of the individual: the one the ab solutism of tradition, the other the tyr anny of the. newcomer and I find them as terrible one as the other. But the most awful of all is the combination ef th two which producer half automatons, half despots, balancing ceaselessly be tween the Iamblike spirit nnd the spirit of revolt or domination. To be continued to-morrow. Pino's Core 10 yearn on the market, and still the best for Coughs and Colds. X.seV4 ! O o TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO TO-DAY IN ST. LOUIS. From The. Republic. Dec 9. 1CT. Fifteen men. nearly all members of the Western Rowing Club, an nounced their Intention of sub scribing enough money to pay for the building of a pleasure steamer. large enough to carry them and their families on excursions. They were to hold a meeting the follow s lng week to take further steps toward consummating their plans. e While two young men. Charles s Null and Solomon Moler. were driving down Market street In a spring wagon the horse became frightened and ran away at the corner of Seventh street Moler jumped out sustaining a severe cut V ever tho right eye In the fall. H d was taken to the office of a physi- clan In the neighborhood, where the -wound was dressed. The horse s was stopped by bystanders at the next corner without further acci- dent The Schcol Board Committee on Rules met and considered the sub- ject of abolishing the office of the Actuary of the Public School IJ- brary. The question, was submlt- ted to tho committee by a rcsolu- Uon presented, at a. previous meet- lng of the Sphpol Board. The com- mlttee agreed to report in favor of retaining the office, on the s ground that -it wan for the best in- tcrests of the library; fit 4 J -VSTiia - AS'tf. v. V t kv& J -Mmsgm ft. i wJM m&&rtez.A Sa&o&fffTg-. r. &P-iK Ji i-rai-Irf V. XiZzk?&2 i&EgtegzigsegS'jgC " -.-,..-. ..-..-:.