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The St. Louis Republic. [volume] (St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, August 17, 1905, Image 2

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ABSOLUTE RECIPROCITY or a Dual Tariff Is Demanded Need for Protectkm of American Industries
Conspiracies Declared PressingSpeakerg at Chicago Convention Urge Co-operation of All Classes in &
t At-j . ,"--
Six Hundred Delegates Frost All Parte of the Coaatrj Assemble
ia Chicago to Dmc-as Trade Relatioas With Foreiga Cohe
tries Seaator Calloai Among Those Who Favor a Maxinam
aad a Miainam Law Eagene X. Foss Calls oa All Classes of
Citizeas to Rallj to the Standard and Sapport Movement
Chicago. I1L. Aa. IS. "Dual tarttt- In
II probability is the war cry that will
ring through the. United States for some
sears to come Instead of the fatnlllmr call
for reciprocity.
Tho new slogan means the pa go of a
"maximum and minimum" tariff law per
mitting the establishment of reciprocal
trade relations with friendly foreign coun
rtrles by the rote of Congress.
Alrte H. Sanders, chairman of the Exec
utive Committee of the National Reciproc
Conference. which opened its two days'
pension at the Illinois Theater this morn
In, la credited with originating the war
Mr. Sanders broached his suggestions to
a few friends, after the word reciprocity
had received some rough handling an the
floor of the convention, and It met approv
al among the delegates.
Six hundred delegate from all parts of
the country hate assembled to discuss
reciprocal trade relations with other coun
tries, amendment of the Dinghy tariff
law. alteration of the interstate commerce
laws and kindred matters.
The West sent a large delegation, the.
great stock-raising and farming Industries
of the West being especially well repre
sented. Manufacturers from the Eastern
States are also strongly represented.
A notable feature of the conrerence was
the attendance of fort-Inn residents In Chi
cago, representing nearly every country
In the world.
The conference mas railed to order at
14.13 o'cl-Kfc by A. I. Sanders of Chi
A. D. Sanders said in part as follows:
The establtshroer.t of fairer trade relations
with fureigB nations l a matter that affects
directly the prosperity of every farmer, stock
(rower and reporter In the Cidt4 Hlates
One bjr one the European Governments are
tightening the culls lntnll to strangle the
Anwrlran ei-yrt trade in ax-lcultural iruduc'a
DO manufactured goods We are to-da fate
tu face ith a new and prIbitle cierroan
tariff deigned to keep cut every pouad of
American treadsttiffa and provisions Krtalla
Hon haa been tried at tremendous cort to uur
El-nlucei and manufacturers, and Is a fMlare.
The littm rll of delegate attending this cn
Vectlon. It emu to iw. supplies proof at one
(Wlnrltif ard timfW that there Is a real
demand fr-sn the business Intereata of this coun
tn for congreiwlcnal attenMin to the need
f our foreia:n c-urrmerce.
The CVinmittee of Arrangements has en-6t-arrei
to make this conference absolutely
r.T(rtlun. Slofenier we hate no pet pUn
f bringing atmul the desired results. We dis
tinctly dtailatm anr attack on the protective
tariff pr.rclj.le. or upon anr part ular Interest.
"Ae relieve that our creat baric Industry,
agriculture. tlie backbone of all ur proper
ll ancot af-I- tu rrglectel further, and
that It welfare at this Juncture can he as
sured by suitable congressional action without
l-irlm-nt tu any other legitimate American In
dustry It I Idle to say that nnt-.mg can te
6n Where tbevt la a will there Is a way.
Mr Sanders nominated .is temporary
chairman of the convention John E. Wild
er, president of the Illinois Manufactur
ers Association. The nomination was
unanimously accepted.
airsT eii;cate country.
John E. Wilder, president cf the Illinois
aianuraciunng Association, sue
lected as temporary chairman, said. J 'f procedure and when determined
among other things: w adopt it?
Icflvlduallsm must sire to
of interests We shall sam nothing a the
result uf these deliberaticns and aTseusalons
un.cn the dstres cf separate associations to
see their particular needs brought forward aal
advocated, rive war to a full, free aad unsel
fish dlscuwlon cf the need of the whole coun
try. With this element safeguarded, tats confer
enca will b-ccme a means of education to tho
entire country, and from It must sprlnc the la
stfratinn to our 1'jtljlative bodies which shall
rake It possible for them to claim wise, just
and sane law. Roemlng our reciprocal rela-
Me wain vxner nations.
William R. Corwln of New York was
chosen sesretary pro tempore of th con
vention, and Frederick Larrabee cf Iowa
assistant secretrry pro tempore.
Governor Charles 8. Deneen of IlllBOts
was introduced by Chairman Wilder.
At the conclusion of the applause which
greeted tho introduction Governor De
neen said:
"It has not escaped the notice of the
American peoplu that several of tho na
tions of Continental Europo are rais
ing up discriminating and prohibit!.
tr. riffs ajriinat the products of our fields
and factories. They call us the American
peril. and seek to quarantine against us.
"What are we to do about it? Shall
we rort to the law of the talon, or
met nronVrcd cor.ces-don with conces
sions? Such are the qution which you
are met to con!der. It Is not too much
to say th-tt the nation hopes that, out of
this conference, will come suggestions
anil recommen-lat!on which will meet
with the approval of our President and
the Concros and lead to the enactment
of laws and the negotiation and ratifica
tion of treaties which will not alone en
able us to retain the foreign commerce
we already hsivtr. but to enlarge it.
Following Governor Deneen's address.
Chairman Wilder introduced Mayor Ed
ward F. Dunne, who welcomed the dele
gates in behalf of the city.
Following the appointment of commit
tees. Governor J. M. Mickey of Nebraska
3j Introduced.
The people of the transmlsfouri coun
try, he said, leel great interest In the
reciprocity movement. He declared that
the conflicts which the citizenship of
America will wage during the coming de
cade will not be fought upon th field of
ntttiie. nut. ratner. in the commercial
nrna; that It will be a conflict of diplo
macy, which will determine whether or
not American products of the farm and
factory are to receive the rtime conces
sions abroad as are guaranteed to thu
mo-t favore-: nation.
"At piw-ent." he raid, "we seem to be
conirontea witn a foreign conspiracy
and brawn. The tariff which we have
hedged about many of our indunrles for
tneir protection is allege, m some in
stances to work unreaonab!e hinl'hips
on the commerce of certain foreign ra
tion, and lience a ogree of retaliation In
force and In prospect threatens to serl
mly cripple our commerce abroad. The
iiucstlcns are: Can we offset the threat
ened calamity? What Is the het meihol
sasoaaswsa a m m m a s .-e- a
a-a-a-a-a-asa-gJsaJt-w?LS3 Mi assbssala.ala.ala.ala.ala.ala.a
" atasasalalalalalalalalalalalalalala. "
" -bIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIb "
f bbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbI
'' bIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIb. (
" bIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIbIb. '
lAra fbaek
aw asMI BIKcrr Of tas gAeastK f
" wool growers 'to secrjrs keanag
iV" Senate CoBuuttte la latt. aad
??!?!" fa,inr cossBslttee
ti. care a Bearing nd a gradnal reace-
tt?.'5V,5 J!? aa "- wwlted It
h al trfstraetioa of the wc?lgraatos'
"trntleaai of tke eonrartioa were a
"dllna; to wrender polities tn the teter
cf business ta-y might Iwttw ha
ayea away.
Cpoa the opening of the afternoon
sl-m permanent officers for the conference
wrv recommended as follows; Prrma
nt chairman. S. B. Packard. Iowa: Sr
ve caalrman. William c Maybury.
Jchlgsn: second t1c chalraMA, t T-
I TOT. Texas thint tries tolemn-. In.
f1 JS Wbster. Maaswcbrwtts: it-t-ay.
W. B. Corwine. New York: -uslatant
etrrtary. Frederick Mrrlb.. lows.
isw-mw iae sri, as parsaa-iei
chairman. Mr. Packard uJrsassii Um eon-
Te ch-tlnran taen latrodaced Un'tca
States Seaator CoUua. taa kit speaker
When Sesator CcUo-n arose at tbe
reaker table) k was met witk a Dearly
Sen i tor Shelby 31. ccUcra of IlUads salJ.
-.TS?""1-1 arwnt--rr;tay ti tisor of
rcip.o.i.y-ilc.a s,b,to. are olmon mlM.r
It, tsa minority la the Stuate is n-
Of Illinois, who yesterday at the Chicago Reciprocity convention advocated
the maximum and the minimum tariff schedules.
I sincerely hop that from this talented
assemblage f delegates gathered from
many States may come some Infilratlon
that will be helnful to Comrres when It
against the products of American brain I comes to act on the question nt lsu-."
Senator W. 15. IVan cf St. Paul ad
dressed the conference at some length,
stating that a ilolegation had ccme from
Minnesota because of the fact of their
State not being protected under the pres
ent tariff laws.
Former Senator William A. Harris saM:
"The prosperity of thii country must be
four-sided befora It can be permanent.
Agriculture and mining are two rides of
the great temple, and manufacturing and
commerce constitute the other two sides.
We talk about stimulating commerce by
Injecting, uith a t-yrlnge. subsidy provi
sion.' to stimulate the building of steam
ships. This is an absolute quack prescrip
tion. What we want to do Is to make it
rrofltable fr other nation and then ves
sels will be found, without number, sail
ing under the American flag In every sea.
"Mr. McKinley said the period of ex
cluslvenes Is past."
"One ration cannot expect nnother to
contlnu? to buy of It unless the opposite
process Is resorted to."
F. J. Hagenbt-rth of Idaho, representing
P"l1y art has failed.
e-MJhEi.,,3t ,fcd "-Jsy rafs ar sefn
IfrrJuIilL .." r,--Pct our emeus tato te
rl.rocal retluos with Orstral ad loath Aj-.
ieS. niI",a a:', lt- Juei caLAoa as
-.iiVM7 rn?ch ffftr tt- ad"-)t!cn of the prta
rtple r reciprocity s a raeaxj uf re-ainma; al
e.rccint; ocr Jj.rln aurSet.-. oa a xaxoJs f
VS,X' a:"-"Vt, i-:.-rru,.il'a cf our !ur.es
.ocd!:ios;. ictUi-a- wrcia r.eceriaiy Vii ttrifT.
as a rr.-.ns cf prekcati-is dt-vta.natlcn aaalnat
I Br SriAlULlA. MirN A .M..M.. .f... . I . . Hm-
tl cow rrcpceV , n-aie. "
Sut l. we ca2ot -u-e :h- rat!!C3?n of
reciprocity treat! -s. tSc.-e I, cn cter aetbed
that w rerl3u-iy cwwMered iy uw Ccm-alt-te
en ttMfl I:eatluR i-are taaa tw- eara
V ween it bream app.ect tht ifte rM-i-rcc.tr
tr-a:ie osiM nth- ratlced. aal toat
Si. JZ ?.- cf a tsax'aium aad mlnlams
tsnir. y ifii I mtjn Ur jjoyjwj uf aa a-
IS5t5S,.1!r laLof .oniJ- scmewaa: tm
"ar to fiat tn SBHe in Kranie.
IIte a lVnimum tnrl'M spilicsM to all ns-L'n-Wi
. '" our Prodxts the most favcred
national tixatment. and a maximum tarJf. sy
S per r.r.t tlaher. t nrvly to caUDa wblca
uijj-rtailrati? t.i:alr.st our products.
The adsptlun of this pr.nciple would not ae
corapIlh r?r our r.relrn trade all that reci
procity would aocw-if.h. it troald net open
any ery estenve new raatkrta for iur
products: hut It would prevent llwrtmlrtatloo.
A maslmum an.j minimum tariff Is mire in
'e a of retl utlon: but somethtna- must be
llin. n. I. .. mkhb... i ... .
I Li. . w .iifiufc mum reciprocity A
shall fax or the enactment of a liw by tSsn-
"I;. ,p "'"""a m mjiimum tariff to be ap
plicable to every nation that discriminates
ajlnt cur products.
There are two frtr-ed'es. reciprocity or a
malmu-n a&l minimum tariff, and. aa tt ap-
rTT1 "J?.; ,,M". !:' If either, is the method
that will bo oUcptrd.
When Senator CuHom had finished his
address. Chairman Packard announced tho
Committee on Resolutions: among them
being W. M. Harris. Kansas; Frank J.
tiagt-nnarcn. luanu: William l.arr.t"e.
Iowa: Murdo Mackenzie. Colon-do; Marion
Sampson. Texas; Charles P. Senter. Mis
souri: Conrad Koehrs. Montana.
Eugene N. Foss of Iloston was then In
troduced and addressed the conference.
Eugene N. Foss of Iloston spoke of
"lteciproclty as a Political Issue." He said.
In port:
Granted that the day of new policies h
come, that the pilnclpl of rectnroclty at last
is to I- ett en it rlshtful place In our eco-
bYv V V BssssssswBac assssssssssssssssssswBT 4 1 as
Of Iowa, who flrst agitated a general reciprocity arrangement, and to vkoaa
efforts the Chicago conference Is due.
country will demand that the whole problem
shall he rvnstdVred by Impartial experts Ih.s
duty rests primarily on the membra of the
natP-na! Ilocse of Reprerentatlye. It la to it
that we should be able to look for relief.
IE. hwwrevrr. Inr tisua of In:
er rwwtrwl. aeetlstaal eataaWerattow.
srejaaire ar parfMaaaaia, mere are
BMC ta k ffwasMB that kasay aaea
wbasa ha weaple rata traas. we ssraat
!; ta ae Eseewtlve ta Maw tkeaa.
nomic yrtem. we vet mtit recnenice the n
rlty f p-nceedlna carefully. Intel Isently and
vrientincally. It l eai-y to pr..o-e. I,ut dlrfl
eult t execute: we murt avail ourvlves of the
hlsieyt skill, the ripest knowle.le ami Ih-br.-acl.Tt
exrerlence In modifying eld or framtnr
new lrcislathli.
Whether or not tt shall appear that the max
imum and minimum tariff sy-tem I advisa
ble, as some nf us are lm- lne.1 to belteve. the
President Rnoseven has been tested and
Mn.vA.1 ami si the tjkatc .if atuh i!ivirirr. The
; : . Jf JV 1 .j: . i. .i.f
cnaiacxcr or tne mmniim-n in niewia"e aie.
settle the coal strike slvrs sufflclent evkleme
of that kind. Ills Inlhtence la the tru-x!e f'
Oban reciprocity committed him lone a so to
this cause: had It not been fr his resolute
advocacy with Ctsurress se wouM not enjoy
with CWia the measura of reciprocity that we
enjoy to-day.
In the w.-rktnc out of a practical scheme of
reciprocity the country will nerd the Interest.
the Influence and the co-orau .n f the
farmer, the merchant, the manufacturer. tie
flnanclrr. the shipper, the miner, the wage earn
er, the pndesslonal or salaried clais. as well
aa the counsel of the specialist, the Colonial
administrator, the wise diplomat f the order
of te lamented John Hay. All these Interests
shocM te enVcttvely represented on the com
mission to be charsed with the duty of in
stituting an economic syrtera. which shall be
cuuttable. permanent and flexible.
Such a commlwlon aa this would command
public o-nlVlenre and the rurpnrt of all par
ties. .nre-s would hesitate t Urnore the
nndlnss of suh a body suppoted by the sa-t-lllxtnt
Interests and arprnal of the country.
There might m dlacreeaients and modlnca
tlriu 1y (.-oratress hl h wouM bs wholly
proper. I.ut If the spirit of the legislation rerom
rren!d by the commbnlon were iolAlcd. or ita
benencent purpce rt-trojea. the President ra
hl Inevitable veto would know that be bad
the country back f him.
Let us art decele ourselves reaartta.
Merman rltuatlin It la n. n.fn.n
With Wbl-h We have to drat I. ill tt Burmi ell
of the civilized worl.1. lermany la only tha
lea-ler. I brlsve. hn-adly i--klna. that tha
peace snd prcsierltr of the Twentieth Century
Is depenilent. In treat deK-ee. on tha wisdom
and skill with whi. h our nat-emen meet tha
situatlun wlih which we are low confmnted.
In the direction of tte sre-itmt breadth aad
uivraiity lies tne guaran-re .r universal l
Mr. Howes of Iloston moveil that a t
Senders, former Senator Harris and W. EL
Skinner of the Committee on Arrange
ments be a commute,- to p-ere and re
port to the conf-rcnce at Its meeting to
morrow, a lun of names of those to form
a permanent national committee on better
trade relations with foreign countries, ami
to actively promote the objects for which,
the conference had been called.
The matter was referred to the Comeatt
tee on Resolutions without any discussion,
and then the conference adjourned to re
convene at JU ociock to-morrow
tlapiiDcse Report Minor Engage
ments Near Cbangtu on Angiibt
14 Attack on Wei-IInan-Paolen
Toklo. Aug. IS An ofllcial report savs:
Early on August It. in the direction
of Chaugtu. a Russian force, consisting of
a battalion of Infantry, two sections of
cat airy, eleht field guns and six michine
guns. attacked our oosttion at Erhshlplip t.
eight miles north of Chanctu. but was im
mediately repulsed. Our casualties
amounted to one and the Russians lost
Simultaneously, three companies of In
fantry and two squadrons of cavalry at
tacked us o'ght miles northwest of Chaug
tu. This attack was repulsed, and at 23o
o'clock the Russians retreated'northward.
leaving ten dead.
"The l:u-lan alto made a small at
tack on WVl-Huan-PaoIen. which was repulsed."
St. Petersburg. Aug. !. Genera! IJr.e
llch. telegraphing under date of Atncu-t
It. as that the firing of torpedo lats
f Vice Admiral Kataoka's squadron, near
Point I.ixreo in the Tartarv rttm!t.
cease.1 on he morning of August 12. when
the vessels withdrew.
The Commsntleyln-Chief reports that
rart if the Kuian force In Korea e-
uplel the ittlage of Kcpungan. nfter
fight. He !.. reports a number f smxll
sTklnnishea hating occurred in Korea. n
Whllh the :ito.ms were uccesful in
ime Instances, capturing arms and am
munition. .JlSr!. "."""r.. prf.rI' ' utlons
Robber Stop One at a Time .irnl
Take Pasw-ngerK Moner.
Fresno. Cal.. Aug. IC-M'ager de'tail
the ilarlnr mbber b- a highwayman ef
the Yc-emlte Valley stage, rtrinlrg be.
ween Ravmond anj Waw.-m have reach
ed her The stage were held up cne at
a time about three and . half mlle t.--low
Ahwahnee. a few mllr. aboxe r;nili
.ulch. Passengers were relieved of th-lr
A telepbore rressage was received her
by w. A Vetth to-nlcht fmm his broth, r
Anton Vellth. ConsLl at Milwaukee. ,
pasener on the sUs- comlrg out
... auey. lrie telegram
7,a5t. nM u. Rcbbe,! of monej-. but
not all.
Aa M Soeveaa.
To be uccesfu. look successful We
will -ell ou a Plimcnl en easv monthly
payment.-. I.oftis Bros. cc'. M flo.
Carifton building. Sixth and Olive.
Klalater Cetewratea WewJiag.
TRKrcnuc rJrEClJlI-
Mulberry Grove. HI . Aug It-Th Rev
erend and Mrs. T. w Taomburg cele
brated their golden wedding airjvcrsary
here to-dty. Tb- entire town was lniite-1
and a large crosrd attended. Tb Rev-r-epd
Mr, Th3r?iburg s retlr-i trvm tne
ministry an.1 ts at present police Magis
trate In this city.
ejeeea sot be sick amy longer for la eae
aataesa they can Sad a sure cure, it is
cesnpoaaded especially for such ail
rseats aa waa aawl sjarsa are subject
at a aerfectly safe mecidae aad has re-
tkeaaawds of wosaea to robust
wae saftere4 fraai
asaalth sk saaered fraa sssasaaty
sjaw Try H ta-wy.
I Mrs. Ilenrv Wedeick, Who Swal
lowed Carbolic Acid, Fails to
Receive Attention at North
End Dipensarr.
Delay in receiving treatment after she
had shallowed carbolic acid mav result
In the ileath of Mrs. Htnry Wtlelck of
No. wc Uodier strct.
According to the p,il!cc. Doctor Specht.
in charge of the North End Dispcn-ary.
refused to cite Mrs. Wedeick attention
when she was takn there in a n.itrl
wagon Immeillately after the accident, and
she had to be conveved to the Citv llo
pit tl. more than tiftj blick ili-taht, lie
fore antidotes were einn:iitcr.-.I.
Mrs. Wedeick swallone. the poison
nliout 9J jtstenlav mornlns. shortlv aft
er oenplainliu that h" had not liecn able
to lp for several nic!it.- Henrv
edick. her husband. is that "-h-; had
no other r'ion f,,r ulsl.lng to mj h-r
life and declares ua i,e thinks fhe mis
took the iNun for il.-rnian whikv of the
same color and contained in a bottle of
the same shape s that which htld the
Hearlns Mr. Wedeick- screm. lier
htilinrl ran tit tli- kitchen and knockeil
the bottle friim her gm-p In nl:ig so his
left htnd was Imrtiid and he accomtati!el
Ms wife to the !!isnary. Ills burru are
not srlou-.
The police f the Fifth DUtriif were
nntlt!d of the poi-onlng. and Patrolman
Muphy wi wnt to Jlr.-. Weilel.Ks liot!e
In the patrol wagon. Itelletlng that her
condition was eri u and thit he re
quire.! t mined fate attention. Patrolman
Murphy inec, Mrs. We.leitk to the
North End lJl-is.-ii-.iry at No. 3-s Notlh
lH?rtnr Sfcht. phvdci.tn in charge, or
l.rfd Mr W.sleick forwarded to the f.tv
I Motor Srweht d-cl.irel that he sent Mrs.
We.leick tii the Citv liinltal ln-c.il:e hr
lielleei that uch coure woald Insure
her rioelvlns attention much s-ontr than
It was !i-nWr to give It to her unJer
the conditions obtaining in the North Enl
In oner to relieve he- eien temporarily.
Koctor Specht al.l. It vcnuM b- nce-iry
to heat water with whio to ipho:i hr
stomach and to hoc aitance In opcr
attnr the lphon. Another peron would
l-e recjuireil to hM Mr We,ielck during
treatment. There was no hot water. Doc
tor Specht -aid. and r.o attendant to help
Rules promulgated bv Doctor Simon,
former Health Commiworer. intruct th
police and drivers of ambulapccs to con
vey Imrrtedlvtelv- lo the City Hopital all
ca"- of acute po'.-oninc. a!! wonmlcil pr-
r.-. all unercr fro-n sunstroite ana
thi helpl from dlea-e.
That rule. It 1 e.llcce.1. was vtolateil in
taking Mr" Weileick to the dlpenvry in
teid of the hospital, though Iactor Sjiecht
does not make the lafractlcn his grounds
fer emitting to treat her
iv-ctcr Snoicra. Health Commissions,
sai! at night that h ha! not investl
gateii the c If lvictor Srcht refused
to treat Mr. Wedeick out f regard for
any rule, he said, he had net learned of It.
No rule of that tenor had been made by
hlra. Ivx-tor Snodgras said. He declared
he intended to inquire Into the case.
Coatlaaesl Fraaa Page Oae.
St. Iou! business men consult the it
uxtlons Wanted" columns cf The Re
puWic when in search of employes.
Clerk Shoot St. JoM-ph Engineer
Because of Family Trouble.
t. Joseph. Mo. Aug. liCarl W.
Shulta. an Assistant City Engineer, was
hct and instantly k'l'ej n Ftedertck
avenue, cne ef the principal thorough
fa res of h.e city. th! aftcrsooa ty Rev
ert W. Fletnmg. a clerk in the ele de
partment of Swift - Co-'s pacJ-Jng-aouse.
ing bouse.
Flenlng acc-ised ShuUs of being Inti
mate with his wife and they met by
char-re on a street car. Fleming remon
strated wl'b Shalts for what he charged
h-m with doing and gtulta denied the ta
I utatSoc
Tner had no harsh weed oa tee car.
bat wlaen Shuts aUahtrd Flcsjtng tH
Ued arti began eaootirrg.
afesRa ran Int j a eear-by salooa for aro
xttea bat tferee tmlle-a wreee . m.
bus away aaa a atea aa sasrt
and ajpiln. delay Is thonslit to epen the door to fresh negotiations a fresh at
tempt to find a tray out.
Tlie plenipotentiaries did not return to tlielr botel till 7-10 thl evening.
They liad spent tlie whole day. eight hours, in discussinc Article vll and vlii,
Nith concerninK tlie raiinayx in Manchuria. These were supposed likely to
give rise to few differences. Imt. nevertheless, were stuTilornly contested. The
Russians made concession after conccssion.and, they say, the Japanese made
demand upon demand. Finally, on tmth nrtlfles the Russians cave way on all
points. Says my informant, whose authority is indisputable:
Sooaer thaa see the roafereasre break rap ea tnlnor peiatu, we yfaU
ed. yielded, yielded, ruitil fiaally both articles are ia the precise shape the
Japanese insisted oa.
"Evidently there hat leen serious danger of a rupture to-day, and especial
ly this afternoon. Imt It was averted and the Fittings will resume to-morrow
at J:."'. He adds: U have mm- considered eight articles of Japan's demands.
and wo Iiave aecepttsl M-vr n out of eight. The cession of Sakhalin we have
not accepted, and s-hall never accept."
"Tlie conference, whatever its issue, lias lieen justified, for. If It fall. !t has
at least otHMicd the way to a stilisi-quent conference, when a favorable Issue
may lie expected. Amid much that Is uncertain, one fact seems to be estab
lished. Ilr agreement of Isith Powers, recognition of China as the sovereign
Power in Manchuria tin lvn determined, and the rights which bad lieen lost
to her by the i:us!au military occupation since the summer of 1W0 will tie
"Lilian, since the mar liegan. has succeeded In keeping China quiet by s-siirln-;
her that her iiiterenl:: In Manclitiria would W safegitardeil. Before the
war broke out she nffieially informs: tlie Chinese Minister in Toklo that war
was inevitable: that Chlii.t must preterre neutrality and that her Interests In
Manchuria wmild nd Iw IiiiKriIisl. and they have not been Imperiled.
"It seems to me that the Japanc:? terms, tm far as at present known, are
lioih reasnn-ible and nusbrate. I venture to assert that In China Itself they will
lie regarih-d as iticps-tcdly niotleratc. X reasonable man can contend that
Ku -ia is Jiistiticil in terminal lug negotiations iM-cause site refuses to reeognlze
fait acoonipli and declines to assent formally the cession of an Island which
N now under Japanese military occupation, which was in undisputed posses
sion .f Japan so recently n Octolwr. IsVi.
" 'The cession of Sakhalin Is Incompatible with the dignity of Rus
sia. sa s Witte. who appears to resent as a national humiliation the loss of
an island which has. since Its occupation by Russia, in virtue of the treaty
t May 7. 1ST5, Tieen exclusively used as a dumping ground tor tne worst
class of Russian criminals and the more irreconcilable of Russian political
"Witte claims that, apart from Sakhalin. Japan has Increased her ter
ritory threefold. The Japanese maintain that in no sense is this true. Their
territory has been increased only by tb? leaned area of Southern Liaotung
"Japan has not acquired any territorial possession In Korea. Her
commercial expansion in Korea has certainly given her a predominant po
sition, and the recognition by Russia of this fact does not imply any con
veyance of territory. Korea retains such independence as was secured for
her by Japan by her victory over China, whose dependant she was. What
ever measure of independence this neglected barbaric kingdom enjoys she
ones to Japan.
"The power of eonirnereial expansion of Russia In Korea remain. ta
dees that of ail the Powers. Every commercial right that Russia enjoyed
before, she enjoys now. Everything that haa passed In the conference indi
cates that there is no intention oa the part of Japan to thwart the legiti
mate commercial and industrial expansion of Russia in the far East.
"Russia's power of aggression, so fully exercised hitherto, will be
checked, but her industrial development will remain unhampered."
Discussion on This Point Wapes Upon Bu8sia8 Contention That
Property lrelongs to Private Corporation and Is Not Confis
cable Surrender of Road to China Involves Large Monetary
Profit to Japan and May Be Useful in Arranging Compromise
Upon Mikado's Demand for Reimbursement.
the plenipotentiaries to-lay numlsr 7
coveting the aueMlon of the resMon to
;iilna of the Chine Eastern JUilroait.
which runs south from IlarMn to I'ort
Arthur ami Iialny. with a spur to Xew
Crmang. where It connects with the Snan-haika-.in-Tien-T.-in
rouil. was conditionally
aceepteil ,y the Kus!.tn reply, but agree
ment to it was bouml up with considera
tion involving the fate nf the whole nego
tiations. nnl it is certain to leail to Ion;
ati'l earnest discussion.
Itui.i will not admit the Japanese con
tention that the road is wholly a Uuverti-im-nt
Institution. :is alt the shares of the
rallroail corimratlon are owned by the
Hiio-CMnese hank. The Government's
Interest in the rn.nl. howevtr. will prolia
My Tint be denied, but it will lie urged that
so far as It is private prvf-rty it ia not
ccnlfc cable.
The Kussl.-m contention will lie backed up
by evidence. Mr. Ilurg. the vice director
and attorn y of the i:uss-Chlnefe lank.
while here attached to the mls'lon as on1
of Mr. Witti's secretaries, is also here to
protect the interests of the Kink.
Ntverthele---.. In the long run. Itula. It
can t- reejnled as certain. Is pr pared to
give up the rn.Tl. remunerating the Rasso
Chlnese bank If m-cesary,a. with tli- lo
of I'ort Arthur and lalny and the evacu
ation of Manchuria. Its ralson d'etre for
strategic military purpncs ceas.
Its surrender to China, however. In
volves a lurge monetary pruftt for Jafrtn.
which en properly claim remuneration
from China for the restoration of the
mid. the r liullillnc of the bridges and
the chance In the gauge. It will be for
Japan and China t arrange this. but.
nowevcr aiiuted. tne money wnicn jarnu
will obtain might be a partial Vremunera-
tfon" for the cost of the war wnicn sne
demands from RusMa and constitutes, per
haps, the line of ultimate compromise If
treaty eventually is signed.
It Is ouite likely, therefor, that agree
ment on th- article after dlcusslon win
l held In hjanre until later and will be
settled in the final exchange of lews.
Thre are other rea.on why this will
probably be the ct. The main line of
th Siberian railroad through Northern
Mtnchuria to Vlj!Kosok. which Russlt
will lnslt on retaining, connects at Har
bin with th Chlnec retern ar.l the
commercial value of both roads will ulti
mately depend on their traffic srrans
num and their method of cperation ana
I ro-ofvratlon. As the system together now
ConslllUf-s tne wnriu s swui- i ;
from Europe to the Orient, the matter Is
vvry complicated and will require much
time for final detailed adjustment.
Portsmouth. Aug. It The article before j Itary truce, hut they now seem to be dis
trustful itr tn- Itussian tactics, ana ais
powsl to N-Iieve that the arrangement of
final details woUd be expedited If no
armistice were made.
Alexandre Brtantch-tnlnolf. correspond
ent of the St. I'etersburg Slovo. writing on
the questions Involved in the surrender
of the Bastern Chinese Railway, and al?
regarding the general question of the
restoration of Chinese sovereignty in the
rrovince. says:
"Notwithstanding the secrecv so strictly
ob'crted rewarding the discussion of the
peace conference. It is now known that
the second article discussed concerned
the question of returning Manchuria t
China, and that the article has lieen
agreed on. to it Is understood that Man
churia Is going to be restored under
the t-liarmtnjr. administration of China.
"For fear of Russia's enlargement, stv
has been prevented from completinr her
work of civilization In that ITovhice
where she spent millions of Russian
t utile i. retaining in turn only unpleasant
"It is. however, asked If even the rail
road which cuts this Proilncc in three
portions, snd which should be rfti Instru
ment of civilization and "t development
of her riches, will be aRindoned to Chines
ne;lect7 With regard to the Harbin
IJ.iotung Railway lane, th" Institution of
Chlne administration can lie under
stood, as this line has re. strategic ! gltl
tnate value, except for Chin .
"Hut It Is quite different with the line
uniting ladlvostok to Russia, which It
Is Impossible for the Muscovite Kmpire.
because of Its strategic value, to make
dependent upon rhlneye administration.
Technical researches rave shown the
enormous difficulty f uniting Vladivostok
and I'ort Arthur with Europe around the
Amur. So the civilised world welcomed
the division of Russia to build a railway
through Manchuria. Russia made this
Immense effort whlrh. considering the
policy of the open door, will be of great
and equal advantage lo the commerce
of. the whole world.
It Is. therefore, just that Russia should
have the material guaranty that that
railway line should not run the eat rlk
of being destroted r,r cut by the brigands
or that it should suffer In case or a mis
understanding with China. The commerce
of the world will rain very much If Japan
should be Intrusted Wtn the guarding
of the Southern railway line and Russia
with the protection of the North l'ne.
mutually pledging themselves to follow
the pollcv of the open d'r in the whole
Secretary and Party Asked to
ItatHiuet by Governor General .
MaslLt. Aug. K The Ooverncr Geseral
of Hosg-Kong has Invited Secretary of
War Tart and lac m asam of his party
to attend a bawqwet-
TTse aBetaswrs of ta xstrty have -swre
rhst tTsey will stay-Be day at
Uosg-Kocg aad rdgJa at Caatoa.
Mist. Alice Roosevelt l undecided as
to whether she sill visit Pekin. and it
is believed that she Is awaiting her fa
User's answer to the Invitation extended
her to visit that place.
S. P. Sadgdawt wsmtsa t Bsbt rmmr.
ChUago,- Awe. K.-A p. ftelatng. Joiat
representarrtre of the Cesak aad Ohio
ana mg p-arar raiiroasa m CM
beer appointed gaawal Ksrtaera
tne nig nssrs
nagsv has
The artl'le relating to the main line of
the Siberian railway through Northern
Marchurla. trUeh Is evsl to be No.
I of tit p-lo crndltlons. contemplate .ts
retention by Rula. but. It Is bl!-ed.
provides for Its pol'cinc solely bv Chinese
pollc. On Recount of the Chinese brl
gindf who infst Manchuria and Mon
gol! . the strencth and -lumber of whom
have fcen crctly Increased by th war.
Russia wilt prrbsbly object strenuously
to this nrovision on the crounl trial crii
nese proteetlo-i will rrove Inefficient, and
the great highway "Will le In constant
From the very nature of th- articles
vot remaining to be considered, therefore.
It Is certaii that the crisis In the nego
tiations is slmnst at hand. All that re
mains eem rrfre or less nvntuafly Inde-t-erxVnf
If Jian. aa it Is generally be
lieved. Is readv to yield upon the question
o Hmltlrg Rtrsla's se power In the far
East and the surrender of the Interned
wsrslurs. It wotW only be In return for a
satlsfartrsnr agreement on the Isaacs of
rtakhalin anl Indemnity.
Tesierdav the Japanese sent catla-rms
resting thousands of dollars to Totcio.
X a result of the conduct of the negotia
tions, the Japanese ha- apnarently
rhanged their vtew about a formal armis
tice should the Tsug" of agrmnt be
ontaJned. It fat taauaa that tasry gavo
President Rooseveh ifdiisttad that,
ottce the "Tsasesr af. tfttty were screed
ia caafjaag a asm-
Mitts Weitzcl Prevents Violent
Iatient From Leaping From
City Hospital Window.
Mbs TVeltxei. a nurse at the City Hos-
I'nai. uau an exciting experience WItB aa
insane negress who tried to escape from
her cell vesterdav afternoon.
The Plucky nurse struggled several min
utes singlchanded with her frantic ward
before the woman was finally subdued br
the Joint efforts of Miss Weltzel and tho
conductor of the elevator.
Jennie Faulkner, the negress who caused
the disturbance, was taken to the City
Hospital eterilay morning- and placed
under observation. She gave no troubv
until 5 o'clock in the afternoon, when
Mrs. Weltzel went to her coll to leava
As the negress saw the door swing open
she made n dive for it. Miss Weltzel In
teniosed herself between the negress and
The Insane woman seized Miss Weltael
and attempted to throw her aside, but
the nut- held desperately to the recal
citrant's neck to pr vent her leaping from
a window.
The nole of the scuffle brought the con
ductor of the elevator and several other
nurses and attendants, but Miss Weltael
and the conductor succeeded in returning
the negress to her cell.
M. Iwsla Wmmmb Mew Ira Tasmtw.
Toronto. Ontario. Aug. K Mrs. 15. P.
Hudson of No W Fountain avenue. St.
Isitii". died sudd-nly to-night at the
Walker House, after reaching here from
Colllngwo'id. IVitii her husband she had
been on the Mackinaw trip for her health.
Itart trouble was the cause cf death.
She was SI ear old.
MOTEHETTrs or ecKr k
Nw Tnrtc. Aur 1 JSalled: Steamers Jfenr
dani. I'lrrmiuth. 4-rierhottrg and Ratferdass: IJ
gurta. Naples and G-n; United Ftatea, Chrts-tliinsan-t
and tv-penhaceo.
IJrrtxol. Aug. JC .Vrrte: rwmnia. JCew
TrH via Qienstovtn. Cceanle. New Trk via
Cf u nstnsrn. An. V -Failed; rtamer Jsar
nla frrn IjTrjl. Iw.ten.
J-wthareiaim. Auc 1 Sall-d: steamer Krssa
Trlna Wllhelm. from Hrrmen. New Tork via
Nar-Ia Aug. 17 Arrtxa; Neapolitan Prtaea.
Jtesr Vnrk for Pal-rrao
Tnkohama. Anr. 1 - Arrived tprula fj; -Tiakntah.
Mn Fraar!ej fnr Htwuigrial: Ass-
sona. iwrtland. rire. la Astortw.
Oue-nstrmn. Anr I' Arrived: Weatrnilaad .
Philadelphia for I.trenl and pr"eded.
Ivrr. Auc. 1 Arrived- H-eam-r I-atrlela.
New Tork for Hamburg and proceeded
IJvertr,t Atig It--svlled: rrl-sland. Ptllk.
delphlalvla cluertown: T-otonlc. New ofc
"rVerSAig. l-S--t JZr Kr-aA
Trir.s Wllhelm. from Brmn and Houthasiptvn. l
New Tork.
Hereafter the peace plenipotentiaries sre
to be served with breakfast In their dining-room
st the Naval Stores building at
the navy yard. Heretofore, a luncheon
and afternoon tea had been served In the
dining-room ard the srrangemrnt has
proved very attractive.
The menu for breakfast is printed In
French and sets forth an array of dishes
calculated to please the sppetile of the
widest variety.
Rreskfast will be ready each morning
at .3 o'clock and It la the Intention to
have ths meal concluded so that the sua
sion of the conference may begin by .
Both Japanese and Russian plenipoten
tiaries were late for dinner to-night, hsvv
ing stopped at the cottage of Mrs. Piereei
for a cup of tea and to apologise for
not having reached there In time for a
formal reception earlier In the afternoon.
.BK- - - kla ..f.aU&K B K M .h.
tk9 WVWirprr vols' tmnnuuii viae n iimi .
coald be desired and the envoys greatly
enjoyed taeir nee nome.
There was an Informal dance given in
the ballroom this evening, with several of
the Jspanese In attendance.
Although the PlenlpotentUrles generally
Snlah their seafaons Tsetweea C and ?. they
aad tJtetr reemarlea. whose duty It k w
Tsreaare tnep rstoools and cable the re
salts Msae. Miasm see tketr beds before
X o'dsck m Hss moraing. As tker
ras raa latisft 'eaaesi fca the sseral
torn awwj; ywiw wy ajs.
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