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AHE W II AVEN MORIS IN 0' l O U KJV AL AND COtTKlKK THUKSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7 1894.
DR.' HOADLEY'S PAPER.- (Concluded) Had th ortgtn and phenomena of epl- demio dlao ever bn underttood. th people of Hew Haven would, have for..., with a aood degree of certain ty, thet they' could not eacap pesti lence. Thl will appear from the fol lowing facte: In the winter and eprlng of I74 carlatlna anglnoea prevailed generally In New Haven ana tne neign horlnar town: manlfeetlng a highly pee tllentlal condition of the element!. One case of bilious fever, attended with a vomiting of black matter, occurred ae early ae the flret week In March. For many months preceding the Invasion of the fever the oyster on the coaat of Connecticut were In a very elckly Mate. Many peoplo can teetlfy to the truth of thl fact; but I have an account of It recorded at the time by the late President Btllee: In a letter to hie eon-In-law, the Rev. Mr. Holmes, of Cam bridge, Mas., dated September 25, 1794, he wTltee. that for twelve month paet he. bad eaten very few oystera. a they were diseased, poor and dropsical. He remarked this of the oyatere from Nw York to Boston. Those caught on the ehoree of Branford, Kllllngworth and at Blue Point on the eouth side or Long Island were intolerable. At the date of the letter they were recovering and be coming more palatable. , This is a strik ing proof of the derangement of the el ements. Further evidence of this fact was fur nished by the multitudes of caterpil lars which overran the city of New lUven In 1794. (Some persons say this was In 1793, but it Is not material.) My "History" furnishes many instances of this phenomenon, preceding and accom panying pestilence. Had these phe nomena been understood the people of New" Haven would have had no occa sion to appoint a committee to examine into the causes of the fever. It was hardly possible, in the nature of things, that the human race should escape the calamity of epidemic disease, under the operation of causes so general and pow erful. But these are not all. Mr. Oor ham. whose family tlrst suffered by the fever, had, in the month preceding the invasion, cleaned a great number of shad upon the wharf by his door, and thrown the garbage, to the amount of a cart-load perhaps, Into the dock. The alternate washing of the tide, and -action of a hot sun, had rendered the pu trefaction of this mass of filth extreme ly rapid; and there being no current to remove it, the stench became Intolera ble. On the other side of the wharf, a few rods distant, a boat-load of clams had been deposited on the mud, that the water, during the flux of the tide, might preserve them, but a great part of them were soon spoiled, and added to the fetor of the atmosphere. To complete the list of nuisances, some barrels of damaged pickled codfish had been thrown from a store into the dock, and the whole was left uncovered dur ing the recess of the tide So noisome was the air of the place, for some time before the fever appeared, that the pro prietor of the wharf desisted from his usual morning visits before' breakfast. For all these facts I have the declara tion of the persons concerned and eye witnesses. The putrefaction of flesh, from thirty years observation, I can testify; will not always produce disease. But in a pes tilential state of air the dissolution of flesh is unusually rapid,' and the acid evolved ' peculiar noxious. In such cases putrescent substances of all kinds appear to be powerful auxiliary causes of disease. The condition of the ele ments accelerates putrefaction, and pu trefaction in turn increase the delete rious quality of the air.. . Under the op eration of so 'many causes of disease, instead of treine surprised at the ap pearance of a:pestilentlar fever, we are rather, to wonder that Itsavlshes were not more extensive. That the putrefac tlon of. flip.', was the excttlng-cause of the fever. In New Haven ; j)robable from the early appearance of It In sum mer. . 'The'flrsf cases occurred about the 10th of ,June, which Is earlier .than the epidemic pestilence of America usually occurs; and which indicates the exist ence of Btropg local causes. What fur ther confirms this opinion Is, that after a few weeks the distemper was nearly oi- -wholly extinct. In uly died only three persons, and for about two weeks no new cases occurred. But in Au gust, the usual time for the appearance of this disease In this part of America, it broke out with violence. It is prob able, therefore, that the morbid local causes induced the fever in one small spot, before th proper season for if "to ; prevail. ; These causes being gradually v extinguished by the tides and a hot sun; the. disease subsided until the usual season fbr such fevers. The same took plse in New York In 1795, in 1796 and v1798. ' i." ' ; No doubt the condition of things in New Hs-ven in 1794, in respect of sani tation, left much to be desired; ho doubt the atmosphere at and In the neighbor hood of Long Wharf was contaminated to a deplorable degree by the fetid efflu vium from animal and vegetable matter in an advanced stage of decomposi tion. Along the creek, that ran paral lel t6 and by the side of Union street, the ground had been so filled in and raised by art for the purpose of build ing necessaries, hogpens, tan-houses and stables, that ordinary tides did not affect it. In addition : to, -what was usual, in one of the tan-yards on the borders of this creek, and contiguous to the seat of the greatest sickness, were thrown a large number of putrid seal skins brought from the South seas, about the time the fever began; these so impregnated the air with their offen sive exhalations that the people in the neighborhood were very much incom moded, and were compelled to keep their windows next to the yard closed; these skins were thrown after a while "into vats and tahned In the course of the season, to the great annoyance of the -entire neighborhood. Besides the very disgusting and stinking mud, nat ural to the creek. It was a common re ceptacle 'for dead dogs and cats, and many other animals that happened to . die -wiUUn s. considerable distance of It It was rio uncommon thing to see some of these animals lying dead in the streets during the sickness. --: As regards the wharf and Its appen dages: It was built of marsh sods bound together with the roots of marsh vegetation. These were throwaJfiiO a promiscuous heap within woedeo rfame which; formed the outlinjs ( tk wharf, and served to secure tfiemda the wastisg effects, of the washing jpl the tides., Among other cause wHcn corrupted the air at the wharf may be mentioned quantities of potatoes Wb' bages and other vfefahleajraitNrhad eR collscted lit thefcellasj esVtfte houses and stores along the wharf, and which had become rotten; for th cel lar were sunk below th tides, and In mny esse below th flats, and vcntl Istlon was neglected. In addition to all this th blood, harslet and bowel of beeves, cheep, etc.. killed at the (laugh. tr house on th head of th wharf, with all th filth and nastlntss of such places, lay during th spring and sum mer months, abov high-water mark, In a state of putrefaction. These are th nuisance on and about th wharf which Mr. .Webster doe not mention. It 1 contended that yellow fever is not to be attributed to animal putridi ty. Instance have been adduced In which thousands of dead bodies have been left to putrefy on battle-field without producing any such result; nor have fever been observed to originate or to rage more severely In house ad jacent to church-yards, though the stench Is often insufferably offensive. Indeed it Is a question whether the dead body of a person who perishes with the fever be capable of communi cating the Infection. Whatever may be the extent of vegetable putrefaction, we have no reason to believe that It 1 ad equate to such an extent. The In stances related of fevers produced by rotting flax and hemp, In ponds of wa ter In France and other places, and the uniform cessation of such fevers after relinquishing the practice, as well as of malignant fevers po less obviously produced by rotten coffee or other veg etable matter on board ships, are suf ficiently notorious and numerous, to say nothing of swamps: disease will often excite, though not this precise fe ver. It does not appear that more ma terial was to be found on and about the wharf likely to produce a mischievous and fatal effluvium . than could be pointed out In other parts of the city, and In districts where no fever was produced. Besides numerous filthy houses, yards and alleys, there was eve ry dscrlptlon of accumulate! filth scraped together from the streets and deposited immediately in the vicinity of tenements, occupied by a poor and negligent population, on the outskirts of the city; as well as large collections of oyster slfells In a very offensive con dition, and other nuisances besides which were frequently complained of to the board of health, and by them In spected, but never producing yellow fever. It is certain that until commerce car ried it to the eastern and western coasts of South America It was never known In any of the localities which, since then, it has ravished, and in some of which It appears to have become en demic, as it certainly has at several places on the southern coast of the Gulf of Mexico; but not at all. For example, it was Introduced Into Dutch Guiana In 1793 and In 1800, and yet subsequently, for a period of thirty years. It never Invaded that province. At the end of this long period of immunity the colony suffered from a new importation of the disease, which annually thereafter visi ted It" for nine or ten successive years, when it ceased, and for the six follow ing years failed to occur. It was then re-Introduced by an infected vessel and spread more widely than before. In Brazil, likewise, yellow fever never oc curred until it was brought in 1849 by vessels from New Orleans and the West Indies, which infected all the ports at which they touohed. From thence the disease traveled inland, causing an Im mense mortality. .On the western coast of South America yellow fever was equally unknown until 1842, when it was introduced by vessels from , New Orleans, but It soon after became ex tinct until ten years later, when it was brought to Lima in Peru, whence it ex tended to Valparaiso and other ports bf Chili. Ail of these instances of the spread of yellow fever from the Gulf of Mexico to the coast towns of South America are distinctly traceable to the gold discoveries in California, which drew thousands of emigrants from the states east of the Mississippi, most of whom were passengers on board ves sels that either sailed from New Or leans or tarried at some one or more of the yellow fever centers of the Gulf of Mexico. The peculiar features of this disease Its limitations within certain geographi cal boundaries, and its occurrence as an epidemic warrant the inference that it requires for its production a special cause. Does the special cause emanate from the bodies of those affected with the disease? in other words is the dis ease contagious? This question has giv en rise to much discussion. Volumes have been written by contaglonists and non-contaglonlsts in defense of the two opposing doctrines. It is evident that the question is one of great importance in its bearing on commeroe and quaran tine laws, as well as on precautionary measures respecting exposure in visit ing or attending upon those affected with the disease. I shall simply state the grounds which substantiate the non-contagiousness of the disease: 1. The disease is confined within cer tain territorial limits. In this respect It differs from most diseases the conta giousness of which Is established. Even in localities in which it is prevail ing as an epidemic it is sometimes re stricted to a circumscribed area." 2. The rise and progress of epidemics are not consistent with its diffusion by contagion. For example. Fenner, with great zeal and fidelity, traced the first thirty or forty cases at New Orleans in 1853 and ascertained , that the disease broke out in different -places among persons who could have had no commu nication with each other. Fenner in vestigated' the origin and spread of the disease in New Orleans for twelve years, and stated that he never found the least proof of personal communi cabillty. This is alike true: of epidem ics in other places. 3. In certain places within the yellow fever zone sporadic cases occur almost every year. According to Fenner, a summer neyejr passes in which there is not a greater or Ices number of sporadic cases In New Orleans, but the disease prevails as an epidemic only in certain years. Were the disease contagious, it should be diffused, more or less, when ever there are any oases of It 4. When, it prevails as an epidemlo It spreads too rapidly to be diffused by contagion. ' - - 5. Persons going from a district where It prevail into a district, where it does not exist, and becoming attaced In the latter,- do not communicate the disease. There 1 abundant evidence that this is the rule, , and the apparent exceptions are so few and of such a charcter that It is most logical to explain them other wise than by -the supposition of contagion-. - J . : : ... 6. Persons brought into close contact with yellow-fever patients physicians, nurses and other hospital patleftt-do not contract the disease,'" j, ' - . - 7. Epidemics run a certain course as respects- duration, bruptljr end,' in this respect resembling epidemlo cholera, Th disease should prevail longer and disappear more slowly If propagated by contagion. Like other epidemic th dines becomes milder a a rule by continuance. It appear to aosoro other dlieie while It continues, In this respect resembling pldmto cnoier, and it prevalence I arretted by cold. These facts, especially the two latter, are not consistent with th doc trine of contagion. S. The great majority of those who have had an extensive acquaintance with the disease believe it to be non contagious. t. Experiments to test the question of communicablllty by Inoculation, by wallowing the black vomit, and by th utmost possible exposur. hav led to negative results. To cite one among many experimental observations. Dow. ler gives the following account: In 1805 Don Cabanellos. a Spaniard, elect at night with his children In beds In the lasaretto In which yellow-fever victims naa died. For submitting the question to tins personal test, he was made r-hy- lclan to the royal household, with an annuity of twelve hundred dollars. A number of galley slaves who acoompa. nii'a mm had one year s Imprisonment remitted. The whole party amounted to fifty and no one suffered any harm. lit. complete seclusion has proved In- enectuai to prevent the disease. In view of the foregoing considera tions, to which others might be added. It seems certain thst yellow fever is not produced by means of a contaglum. enow lever, therefore, Is a purely In fectious miasmatic disease. The spec ial cause can be distributed by vessels, ruroads and other conveyances. The fact of the disease being portable ren ders Judicious quarantine restrictions of vital Importance, but in view of Its non-contagiousness the restrictions need not be extended to the detention of persons. Of the nature of the special cause of tne mrectlon, we have not, as yet, so far as I know, obtained demonstrative proof. But that the disease Is produced by specific germs or organisms, is as logically established as with regard to any oj the Infectious diseases, the causes of which have not been demon strated. Assuming , the existence of yellow-fever germs, the production of tne aisease by filth, or any local condi tions, without the presence of these germs can only be considered possible by those who hold to the doctrine of spontaneous generation. While, as al ready stated, crtain obvious local condi tions may have an auxiliary agency. that these conditions are essential Is disproved by Instances in which the disease Is developed In situations as healthy as possible In a sanitary point of view. The multiplication of germ without the body, therefore, may take place irrespective of any apparent lo cal cause. The organisms which fur nish the yellow-fever germs are exotic, as regards most if not all parts of this country. The sporadic cases which ap pear in New Orleans, In seasons when the disease Is not epidemic, are nroba- bly due to germs which have-escaped destruction, having been placed under circumstances favorable for retaining tneir vitality. DEATH OF HENRY BUSHNELL AS OLD WELL Jl.VOr.V .!. TEEMED CIJIXES DEAD. KB. Benefit Entertainment. Tickets are now on sale for an enter tainment of rare merit, arranged by Mrs. C. L. Nettleton, one of out New Haven readers and-teachers ofIocu- tlon. It includes a gypsy encampment in connection with which the new and extremely pretty- "Narcissus" will be danced for the first time in this city, by six young ladles, led by Miss Fran ces Ross of New Haven. The various gypsy pictures enhanced by colored calcium lights and mandolin music are very effective. "The Marble Dream" by Mrs. Nettleton give a pleasing conclusion to an excellent pro gram of three parts and twenty differ ent numbers. The entertainment will be given at Warner hall on Monday evening of the coming week (October 1,) for the bene fit of the City Missionary association. Cards of admission are thirty-five and fifty cents (reserved seats,) and may be obtained with the full program at Judd's book store and Treat & Shep ard's music store on Chapel street Au. guts' art store on Church street and at At On Tina rresslaent Maniifaetarer Was Also Isreolor An lot portent Kb. torpris That Case Vt sueceM. Mny friend will learn with orrow of the death of Henry Bushnell, who was a well known old and esteemed cltl xen, who passed awny Tuesday at his homo on Ferry street, where for many years he had resided. His age we eighty-two. He wns a man o( much Inventlv genius and forceful character and a zealous, earnest Christian. He had had a varied and Interesting career. At one time, at the breaking out of the tale war, he was proprietor of a quite large and flourishing manufacturing business on Grand street, near Jeffer son street. He manufactured machin ery, and during the wur executed larpe orders for gun stocks. The lute ex Governor Blgelow wan during this per iod In Mr. Bushnell's employ. Later Mr. Bushnell retired from this business and spent much time and money In an effort to Invent apparatus for the suc cessful movement pf street cars and other cars by compressed air. He en tered Into the effort with the indomita ble energy and determination which was one of his characteristics and In terested somo of our New Haven mon led men In the enterprise to some extent and was In part successful. He enlist ed the management of the then Whit ney avenue horse car line In the enter prise, and through their co-operation attached his apparatus to one of the company's cars, and when all was ready quite a number of our prominent New Haven people gathered to see the ex perimental trip. The oar moved off all right and ran most of the way to Whlt neyvllle, where unfortunafly the power gave out, and the car could be sent no further. Nothing daunted, Mr. Bush- nell, believing In the practibllity of the nterprise and that the-difficulty 'tnet with could be overcome, set : at work again and experimented with' his mod els for months more, but after long, weary waiting his funds gave out and he regretfully was obliged to abandon the undertaking. This long task. bravely met, but fruitless, embarrassed Mr. Bushnell financially, but he recov ered and with' the balance remaining of his funds engaged In other employ ment For the, last ten years he had been engaged In different minor busi ness enterprises to some extent, but ow ing to .old age could give but a portion of his time to business. Mr. Bushnell was a man of high sense of honor and a most worthy man and citizen. Mis fortune he met and bore bravely. In recent years his wife was an invalid for a long period before she died. Rh passed away not long since. For the last few months Mr: Bushnell had been rapidly failing in health. He was a devout member and constant attendant at the Sunday " services when health permitted at the' Church of the Re deemer. He was for over twentv-flve years a near neighbor and friend qf the late Hiram Camp, who was presi dent of the New Haven Clock company for so many years.' ..-.... fair tutrix. The Late Julia A. Bostwlek, Widow of Dea con Bostwlek general News. The death of. Henra Bushnell causes much regret among, his many friends. An account of his life' Is given in an other column.' , Julia A., Widow of the late' Deacon Charles Bostwlek, for ma.ny.iyearr;a successful harnessmaker on Orange street, died In Middletown yesterday. after a short Illness, from pneumonia. Her sister, , Mrs. wmis Hemlngwav. saw her only last, week., when she was In her usual health. Mrs. Bostwlek would have been seventy-seven years old had she lived .until next month. Her first husband was the late James Broughton, and she - resided In Fair Haven until her second marriage. Her maiden namewas Fries and her old home was Brooklyn,, N. Y. Her mother was a Miss Lines of this city. A daugh ter of the deceased , was the late Mrs. George S. Maltby of New Yorli Mrs. Bostwlek died in the asylum, having lost' her mind about, a year ago. She was for many years a member of the Sftaatictftl. Basin Wm ea a Urge Beie, But It M e at th Kspensenf Value. New Tork. Sept. 21 Bulnes at the Stock Exchange to-day was on a larger scale, but the Improvement in thin re spect, wss at the expense of values, At th opening the market was fairly steady, except for Sugar, which wh affected by the announcement of the closing of certain of the refineries of this concern. The usually active It sues were not Influenced at this time by the heaviness of Sugar, and when the New York Central director de clared the qutrtely dividend of IK Pr cent, the railway list moved up to l', per cent. In this rise New York Central, Burlington . and Qulncy, 6t. Paul, Rock Island and Northwest were most pro nounced. The strength Imparted to the list by the declaration of the usual dividend In New York Central, and the compar atively favorable statement for the quarter did not last long, and in the late trading, Hie-bears finding an ab sence of buying orders, became aggres alve. They paid especial attention to Whiskey, Reading, Sugar, Cordage, MlasourlPaclflc and the grangers.There were heavy sales of Whiskey, one firm having parted with 10,000 shares of the stock, which caused a break to 8, the lowest point ever reached. Reading fell to V, Sugar to MK, Cordage to 12Va. Missouri Pacific to 2 and St. Paul to m. The closing was heavy though there were no new developments to ac count for the weakness of market, ex cept the offering of long stock, which was ascribed to the activity of well known bear houses. The market left oft weak and to 1 per cent, lower than on yesterday. New York Central, how ever, is a point higher, at 101. In the In active Issues Cordage lost 3Vi and pre ferred 2. The bond market was fairly active and weak. Sales were 11,024,000. Following are the closing prices re ported by Prince & Whltely, bankers and brokers, 48 Broadway, New York, and 15 Center street. New Haven: Bid. Asked. THE LAW IS XVLLIXIED. Higby s drug store, corner Chapel and Grand avenue. Congregational church. York streets. ' but of late has been a. T v. We, i united church. She was an estimable lady and leaves a large number of warm personal friends, who will be very sorry to learn or her death. The remains win arrive on the 1 p. m. train to-day and will be brought to the home of her sister, Mrs. Hemingway, where the fu- neral will be held, probably to-morrow. This evening the gymnasium class will meet for the first tlmethls season at the Y. M. C. A. George L. Bulst. the successful teacher last year, will give instruction tne year to come. , The Y. M, c-.A- Banjo club will also meet the same evening at 7:45 o'clock: - nanes unsworn, who has benn in the employ of Pollard ft Zwingman,. is now working in the market ff Elliott Bradley. W. Belden has taken his Place at Pollard & Zirinm " ' - -It was a great day for' yello wham- mere, and residents of the annex were awakened early by the volleys from the shotguns. Ernest Cbipman-brought nome eleven mras, KOBert Wilson, ele-ht ana mere were otner good scores. Lpke Madden of Ferry street, who nas Deen visiting in ireiand slnceMay, w expected nome next week, Charles Jameson of Lombard street Election or omcers of Hiram Camn uivisiuu hub evening- Look out for a big tide to-night, At tne session or district No.'l " Sons of Temperance, held with K. H. Bene dict division, reported in. another col umn, Hiram camp division was-reDre- sented as follows: DeIegate-at-La.re- Ellas F. Perry, Delegates Ida F. Waters, mru. m. a. rarrru. .airs. W. E..Tate. Mrs. J. H. Perry, Miss Hattle Baldwin, Mrs. Ferris, Rev. D. M. James. Rev J. t.ee Mitchell, Kev. j, h. Hand. W H Pollard, W. E. Goss, Alternates Viola A. Hall. Martha HaU. JenntrfTrtKTv Jaura jsarDricK, ;urs. w, H. Houston Mia Agnes J. Bethun,, F.-J.Smlth Judge Bameraley nles That Supreme, Count Shall Not Bf lew Facts. The supreme court of errors of the state has just handed down an opinion which is of unusual interest to lawyers and is one ot the most important de cisions ever submitted by that body. It is in regard to a recent law passed by the last legislature to the effect that that court must review the facts in cases of an appeal. The court,. In an opinion by Judge Hamersley, finds that the law Is unconstitutional. The case was the first one to be tried under the new law and its outcome has been awaited with interest. Previous to the new. law, all appeals to the su preme court of errors were made only on points, of law. In each appeal a finding of facts was constructed by the trial judge, which contained the facts as produced in evidence. Many times questions of law arise on the admission of certain evidence and the finding of facts would assist the higher court in the admlssablllty of certain questions In evidence. The facts, however," were not received by the higher court, but simply furnished that body to give them a clearer idea of the points of law which they were called upon to decide. During the January session of the legislature, however, an aot was passed as follows: "The supreme oourt shall review all questions of fact raised by the appeal as well as all questions of law and in all cases where no evidence has been improperly admitted or ex cluded in the trial court, shall deter mine tne questions or not and law and render final judgment thereon. In passing upon said questions of fact, said supreme court shall not re- verse the finding of the . trial court j Frank Kanahan, J. H. Waters, N. Cun- upon any iiumhuu pi tact, unless HI ntngnam ajia j. b, xoung. una tne conclusions or such trial court : upon such question clearly against the; weight or evwencev ( y., The law placed a further duty on II the supreme court and opened other sources of ' appeal.' from": that . of the' Dolnts 01 law. - Tn court hu wm:I that tit lafflelflitiif'' he ma wiii ,-L. i pose upon H any sueh duty and the law is therefore, unconstitutional. The opln-'i ion uy jue joamersiey IS concurred in:! . WtMi,JSby was sick, pm hex CMtorla,. Wt ah was Child, she cried for. Cti? wJmomb becaw Hi4 A e1agC American Tohaeco Co 102 American Tobacco Co. pfd 107 American Cotton Oil Co 31 Hi American Cotton Oil Co.. era.... Tab. American SuR-nr Kalinin Co.... Itt. Am.Sug'arHednlngCo.pfd 04", Atchison, Topeka & Santa '.... M CanadttSoiltbcrn 5L Central of New Jerser 112 Chesapeake 4e Ohio Votln Cta.. IVX uueago tc mat Illinois pro v,'A Chicago & Northwestern ltc''. Chloago.Biirllnifton Ouiooy... 7:i Chicago QasCo tn Chioagq, Milwaukee & St. Paul.. 65 Chicago, Mllw'kee&St.Paul pfd. Chicago, Rock Island Paoitto.. Sl Chicane St. P.. M. Omaha 8 Cleveland. C. C. & St. Louis W,1.' col.. Hoeklnar Vallev & Toledo.. 18V Consolidated Gas Mi Delaware ft .Hudson Canal 134 id Dulaware, Lack. & Western,,.... VWi Denver Bio Grande pfd........ 84 Dls.aCatrle Feeding Co........ 8 General Electric Co..... 39", Illinois Central.... 9.1,4, Lake Shore & Michigan go 134 Lake Erie if Western 16 Lake isrie k Western pfd Tl Loiflsv lie ft Nashville.. .., 65 Lomsullle ANewAlbany 8 Louisville New Albany pfd .... 24 LaoedeGas 10 Missouri. Kansas & Texas UX Missouri. Kansas & Texas ntd. . . 'S3 Manhattan Elevated 115M Missouri raoiqo New fork & New Haven 178 N. Y.&N. K., 3d paid iSJ', New York Central Hudson.... 10JH N. IT., Chicago and t. Louis H4j N.Y Lake Erie Western 15 N. Y.. Lake Erie & Western pfd. . i N.Yb Ontario ft Western 16 Nojtdlk ft Western ptd.: 2i North American Co 4k Northern Paclflo i. VA Northern Vacttio pfd... 1H4. National Lead Co X National Lead Co. pfd." 88 Pacilto Mall 8,. Co Htf , Peoria, Decatur ft EvansvlUe.... 4 Phila. ft Heading Voting Cts WH Pullman Palace Car Oo 160 uioh. ft W. P. T. tr., 5ttt Inst. p'd. 18&b Silver Bullion Cert's Tennessee Coal ft Iron 19 Tenn essee Coal ft Iron pfd . Texas ft Pacific 9 Tol., Ann Arbor ft North Mich.. .. 7t Union Pacific , 13J Union Pacific, Denver ft Gulf.... 4t Wabash 6 Wabash Pfd 1H Western Union Telegraph Wi Wheeling ft Lake Erie 12;. Wboeunit ft Lake Eric pfd 44 WlsoonsiaCentral 4 Adams Express H" American Express 110 United States Express 48 Wells-Fargo Express 116 U.S. Rubber ... :i'M U.S. Rubber pfd 4 U. 8. Cordage Co 12i U.S. Cordage Co., pfd Pitts.. Cin.. Chi. ft St. Louis Ill Southern Railway r,l4 Southern Hallway pfd 42 103 109 ; n MX U6 ten 118 to 98$ 103 -m "0 123V 5$ 36tf MX 123 135 95 6a X 26 1K 15v4 i2 21 181 8B 1U1 If'.' 16,!,' 30 17 25 X 4 181-i 40 88k' u3 IHSVi 183 1X "e 6 '4 iimi lirt lot New Havei) ft N. 7s. !,. ., 18M 87. H.r,e" 1. 7. 171.3... fa N. H. ft N, 1st ! Ml New London Northern 1st la. it'll) 8eV,n,'i,;.n 1st Is. im N.V.ft.v. K, it an im Ki-S- H-H- J.I-X.H..II. Deb. Is lM G- J!" 1ro"- """a I"4 N. V Prov.4 ItiMtoula 1I)U West llavun II, Jt. It. tm Mi ISCKI.LANSOU HONRS. Due MM Asked n.ynSo.'si. imm New llnvmi Cliv 7a luti iiml New Haven City hi 17 1H0 New 1 aven City Is. sewers lull HM New lliivenriiv aug, jw; 110 III) II nuu wijj IU7 IM 10 bv Iuj 107 X 110 lul 1 1U0 New Havan Arthnnl im ' r. r. c. leiepuouuM., owuiaio.ua. 1HM Mia 11 101 im 10! W W iaa inauctal. NON-TAXABLE I M shs J(. Y N. H. ft H. KB. stock. Mass Boston Electric Light Co. stook. SO sb New Haven Water itoolc Stshs Southern N. E. Tol. Co. stock, alibi Detroit. Hillsdale ft 8. W.HU. Hock. f.jOO N. V N. II. ft H. Kit. 1 per cent. ctrs. $ 0,000 Bridgeport Traction Co, 5 nor cunt. gold bondi. M. B. NEWTON & CO., Utinkers and Brokers, SB ORANflK STREET. Stttrrtatumcuts. HYPERION THEATER. TliiirHlny Kventna-, Sept. 7!lh. Aiiruntln I v's company of eomrdlnm ll appear In t,ie rnvorlfecomedy. H A uiaut nrr The ftiiiMNitjy Inulicilcs Jam 1 'Lewis. nnrt On-lmiu, Kraut'! Crlli Charlfe In. u?1''1' "' "llti-rt, Mr. i. If. Glllwrl, HYPERION THEATER. Kef urn Dgugi-iiii-ui of the moat original of ull comedian-, Xotex TP. JOailoy, In last srn ion's uiygeH bit, u A COUNTRY SPORT. MnVlrwtll.JlUl Mn.trtr 4.1. f --.I. a .drew MarV tVmtJTm r-i " """ """" J Thursday. Pept. IT, One Nlaht Only. The New Muggs Landing. I'rlrtny and Saturday, Scpteuihor 2 and , .iaiini Saturday, The Worlrl-Kainous Hros. Ryroe, In their Itioeensful spectacular production, 8 BELLS. See th wonderful Ri-vohing 8Mp. . 'i!thi-ii!niilnrc an-lae R!d. Leelure Hall. nm.Yi..,.i- ti....i i." forming llird-. r " 25 lbs N. V.. N. 11. ft H. UU. Co. lOshs New Haven Water Co. 25 shs Oostou Eloctlo Light Co. 100 sbs Portland Eloctrlo Light Co. 10 shs Detroit, Hlllsdulo ft B. W. ItU. 25 aha Fort Wayne ft Jackson ltlt. pref'd. Mlshs Chi. Juno, ft Stock Yards prat. 100 shs Syracuse, Blngbamton ft N. . BR, dlv. 8 per oent. by Del., Lack, ft Wost, RR. tl0,C00 Erie ft Pitt. BR. 7s ot 189. 10,000 State of Massachusetts 8s of 1923, KIMBERLY, ROOT & DAY. hadlH BANKERS AMD BBOHKB8, No. 48 Broadway, New York, AND 15 Center Street, New Haven, Msmbers N. T. Stock Exchange, Produce Ex change and Chicago Board of Trade. C. B. BOLSTER, Manager New Haven Branoh. All Classes of Railway Stocks and Bond also Grain, Provisions and Cotton, Booght and sold, on Commission. Connected by Private Wire with New York, . Boston and Chioago. NVESTMENT SECURITIES A SPECIALTY. BONDS. Street Railway Bonds, THAT WE CAN RECOMMEND. For sale by The Chas. W. Scranton Co., Investment Brokers, 34 CENTER STREET. u 13 118 113 50 US 40 m 26 1IX 13 43K Government Bonds. 'Vollpwlns are the quotations for United States bonds at the call to-day: Ext.Se, rea- Is,reg.,lw7..., Is, coup., 1007....... New5s,reg-.,WM.--. New5s,ooup., 1(0. Currency 03. inira. rnrrMlov 8S. IBM Currency s, 1807.. Currency Us, 1898.. Currency 6s, 1899.. OS id, lit (S1HJ 116 115U UMU9K 119119I 101 - m 107 -110 ($ m - NEW HAVEN LOCAL QUOTATIONS. First Mortgage 5 per ct. Gold Bonds OF THE Bridgeport Traction Company, Of Bridgeport, Conn., IJatcd July 1st, 1893, Duo July 1st, 11M. Exempt from tax in Connecticut. The above bonds are au absoluto first mort iraire tiDon tho entire street railroad a-Rt,nm of Bridgeport, ooverlng thirty-two miles of trncK, equipment, real estate, rrancutse, eto. Special circular and full particulars upon application. Price, par and interest. H. C.WARREN & CO., 108 Orange street. COMMISSION BUSINESS. Wo offer our Services to the public to buy and sell Horses. Carriages, Harness, etc., on commlsslnn. Our experience and extensive acquaintance enable us to buy and sell well. Business so licited, Bespectfully, W. & R. F00TE, apiWtf 430 Stat Street. Furnished daily by Kiuueklv, Root ft DAY Bankers and Brokers, 133 Orange street. BANK STOCItS. Par Bid Asked City Bank .......... - . ... . . . S100 Wew naven vuuihj j..wuui Itank Mechanics' Bank.... ; . ... Merchants' National Bank.... tfnnr u.,i National Bank... Tradesrhen'sNatlorialBank.. Second National Bank Tale national nans.. RAILROAD STOCK. . Par B7ftN.Y.A. L.pfefirrod.... JJanuury rforwalk H. H. Co; Detroit, Hillsdale tj.W,.... Housatonlu B. B. Co. Naiwatuck B. B. Co...... MX New Haven ft Derby R.B. Co. New Haven ft Northampton, v V..N.H.&H.K.R. Co.... Shore line B. B, , , .... ... v , 122 W 61 IS m 139 166 116 Jld Asked vi 23 W 24"!4 91 IB 179tf 170 m4 246 THE National Tradesmen's Bank, NEW HAVEN, CONN.. Draws Bills of Exchange ON Allianco Bank (Limited), London, Provincial Bank of Ireland, Dublin. Union Bauk of Scotland, , Credit Lyonnals, Paris, And on all-the Principal Cities of Europe Issues Circular Letters of Credit Available Throughout Kurope. GEO. A. BUTLER, President. WM.T. FIELDS. Cashier. MllCILfcAKBOUS STOCKS., . , Par -Bid Asked New Haven Oas Light O0....1 v Haven Water Co........ Peok. Stow Wlloox. .... .. Security InsuranoeCo...-. .. TtlOThoneCnes.i'Poi.!.i Brie. .. iv,i ' h N. Y.ftN. J.. flnnttlATO N-. E.-.- U. 8. Kubper preferred, par., 40 100 100 100 100 100 100 , aAItBOAD BOKD3. ' -r-.-r-. : V- . ... Df S3. K 11. X. A. MJ. 100. 101 , - ' 21 -i 85 . : 60l -96Hg 9BT 79 80 1 . 98 , B ; 0)yoke ft Westfield Mt tt&s? 4U- New Haven at ueroy m, Nna HaVan ft Derby Js .u. !iSwHsvBSerbr a...... Bid Asked 99 1 116 -- t tli lla ma 1U . His 1K0 1903 nrrw burglary, fire, Ulfl FORGERIES, BY HIRING A SAFE IN THE VAULT OF Mercantile Safe Deposit Co. Annual rental of safe, from FIVE to SIXTY DOLLAKS. Absolute Securitv for Rnnrl. Stocks, Wills Bujlon, Plate, Jewelry, Precious ownn, auu au vriuonuee UI vmucs. ACOeas to vault through the banking room of the ilfi- 73CHUKCH,COR. CENTER STREET. COUDon rooms for oonvumenoa of natmna All persona interested are cordially invited to ospect the company's premises. Open from 9a. m. to 6p.m. Vaoaus B. Trowbbidos, President, Ouvrai. Whits. Vice President, Chas. H. Trowbrido, Sen. and Treas. . V .' ' " " 1 : I 1 1 1 avikVi 1 1 ! 1 1 1 j 'J if IT a i ei itit ,ii..,,o ,Utv hIili Vn!lr. In t,. II anda Grout Bill i,f ..,-..ui ' Open rrmn 1:110 to !rM uud ; to IL AdmlaalonJO cents. S2j girewvsions. California Excursions VIA Southern Pacific Co. LOWEST RATES. Also tickets for TEXAS, MEXICO. CHINA and JAPAN. ' Call on or address E. E. CURRIER, N. E. Agent, 192 Washington St., Boston, Mass. sl2 eodilm 700 MILE m TRIPS By the beauUful NEW STEAMSHIPS of th - Old Dominion Line, To Old Point Comfort or Virginia Beuoh and Return, (Hygeia Hotel), (Princess Arne Hotel). Most delightful resort , on the Atlantic coast iur an AUTUMN OUTING, jnav ne maan rnr Old Point Comfort, HlO.oO irgini Beacu, ai7.00 a aay ana a quarter at either hotel. Including Every Expense Of meals and berths en route and a day and a 41101 ix-i- a iKjuru uc eicner notei. Thffl frtn fa an filial a. . u ., . . . " -, 1. oo ,uovuuibo sains the COast. With llttl Hkellhnnrl nf uuU., and Passes in review nmnrw.tHn 1 '. and points of interest. ' Apply to Peck ft Bishop, Chapel St., Morse Sn DoFnrest, 09 Center St., or to OLD DOMINION S. S. CO., Pier 26, N. R., New York. W. L. Gulllaudeu, Trafflc M'gr. Jy2312wd $10 51 Hotel Monopole, (European Flan.) 14- and 16 Church Street. C1AFB and Ladios' RestHurnut connected J With hotel. W-HOT LUNCH served l Cafe. loio IMPROVEMENTS AND ALTERATIONS juaao uuring the dull summer months have made 9MOSJiHSY'8 NEW HAVEN HOUSE More comfortable than ever fnrhrrt.h permanent or transient u-ueata. TrRVAHno- man are shown especial attention. su trtjVH H. MOSELBY. Ftitanctal. lie Naw York, New Haven and Hart ford Railroad Company. To the Holders of Debenture Receipts. rVlHE fourthand final Instalment of 25 per X cent. i. n the amount of the anhsnrinfinna to the Company's Debenture Certificates be comes payable at our office, 2) Wall St., New tu in uy Ul uuiuupr, low. tor tliec mvenie ice of the hnlilera nf fhma receipts, payments may also be made at the foil iwing aKOneUs up.to.tlielst of October, W.L. SQUIRE, Treasurer, n. ., N. H. H. It. R. Co., New H.vpn. Cnnn. JACOB O. SOGERS, 43 state street, Bnatuii, Mass. CONNECTICUT TRUST SAKE DEPOSIT) COMPANY, Hartford, Conn. CHICOPEE NATIONAL BANK, Springfield, Mams. RHODE ISLANDNATIO M AL BANK, I'rovinence, K, . Payments made subsenuent to that daUi must be rtinitteil to us in Nuw Vork. . Holders of Uebenturo Receipts maklna tho payments ut our olllc-o will ree.. v tn m. chanothenew Debenture C ititl ates witli coupons attach d : also a eheck fa - the inter est due the 1st of October on tuj 75 per cent, previously paid. Holders who make payments at tho above airciicios rmt dtnosit their recplDts with said agt ncies, who wll i forward tuein to Ni-w xora, i r exciiaiig-e inti crtm. atcs. which will be returned 10 them thruusrh theaarenelea. or direct, as may be desired, t isother with a I'huck tor the Interest due October 1. 18U4. on tue 7 per oent. previously paid. DBCXtL, MORGAN & COMPANY. si 3 end lot rinanc al Aa-cnta. VXXttXILYE & CO., Bankers and Brokers. Dealers Jn Investment Securities. 16 nd 18 NASSAU STREET, NOTICE. rHE Board of Assessors of the Town of New Haven will he in geson at room 8. Jity Hall, from October 1st to November -ist, ttW; for the purpose of recoi vlng t.uc lists as i aulred by law. Office hours from 9 a. m. to 12 m. and from 3 until 6 p.m. OEOHGE W. NBAL, 1 WM. F.SHANNON, ... CHAS. SPKEVEK. Assessors. CHAS. A. BALDWIN, f EDWARD F. MERRILL, I ' s2512t ' - Probate Court, District of New Haven, si.) New Haven.Septemtier Wth. 1HW. f STATE of BRIDGET McGOVBaiClat J2J of New Haven, In said district, deceased. Upon applieation of Maurice iloUuah, praying-that an Instrument In writing; pur. porting to be the last will and testament of said deceased may be proved, approved. al lowed and admitted to probate, as per applica tion on file more fully appears, it Is OKDEKED-That said application be beard and determined at a Probate Court to be held at New Haven, in said district, on the 1st day or October.. A. D.1MH, at 'ten o'olook in tha forenoon, and that notice be given of th pan deiicy of said application and tho time and place of hearing thereon by publishing- th same three times in some newspaper havlaa: a elreulatloB In eald district. - .- AailaTONBOBHBrauX..: aS6Jt auure of- SoudGpart,