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NEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL ANDCOURIER TUESDAY DECEMBER 4 1894.
mxaiDKXT'B MK9M40B. , II B.U.tm la ItrragtluBlng th Ky Othar RMOBuaMdattoa. To ths Contrmi of th United SUtes: Ths assemblage within tb nation'! legislative h.alls ot thoao charted with the duty of making lawa for the benefit of a generous and free people Impres Ively suggests the exacting obligation and Inexorable responsibility Involved In thotr talk. At the threahold ot auch labor now to be undertaken by the con greaa of the United Statea and In the discharge of an executive duty enjoined by the constitution. I submit this com munication, containing a brief state ment of the condition ot our national affairs, and recommending such legis lation as seems to me necessary and expedient oun ronciow delations. The history ot our recent dealings with other nations, and our peaceful relations with them at this time, ad ditionally demonstrates the advantage ot consistently adhering to a Arm but Just foreign policy, free from envious or ambitious national schemes and characterized by entire honesty and sincerity. Although the war between China and Japan endangers no policy of the United States, It deserves our gravest consideration, by reason of Its disturb ance ot our growing commercial In terests In. the two countries and the in creased dangers which may result to our citizens domiciled or sojourning In the interior of China. Acting under a stipulation In our treaty with Korea (the first concluded with a western power). I felt constrained at the begin ning of the controversy to tender our good offices to Induce an amicable ar rangement of the initial difficulty gorwing out of the Japenese demands for administrative reforms in Korea; 'but the unhappy precipitation of ac tual hostilities defeated this kindly purpose. Deploring the destructive war be tween the two most powerful of the eastern nations and .anxious that our commercial interests In those countries may be preserved and that the safety of our citizens there may not be Jeop ardized. I would not hesitate to heed any intimation that our friendly aid for the honorable termination of hos tilities would be acceptable to both belligerents. A convention has been: finally con cluded for the settlement by arbitra tion of the prolonged dispute with Ecuador growing out of the proceed ings against Emilio Santos, a natural ized citizen of the United States. Apart from the war in which the is land empire is engaged Japan attracts .increasing attention In this country by her evident desire to cultivate more liberal intercourse with us and to seek our kindly aid in furtherance of her laudable desire for complete autonomy in her domestic affairs and full equali ty in the family of nations. The Ja panese empire of to-day is no longer the Japan of the past, and our relations with this progressive nation should not be less broad and liberal than those with other powers. THE BLUEFIELDS INCIDENT. Prominent among the questions of "the year was the Blueflelds Incident, in what is known as the -Mosquito In dian strip, bordering on the Atlantic ocean and within the Jurisdiction of Nicaragua. ( By the treaty of 1860 be tween Great Britain and Nicaragua the former government expressly recog nized the sovereignty of the latter over the strip, and a limited form of self-government was guaranteed to the Mosquito Indians, to be exercised ac cording to their customs, for them selves and other dwellers within its limits. The so-called native govern' ment, which grew to be largely made up of aliens for many years disputed the sovereignty of Nicaragua over the strip and claimed the right to maintain therein a practically independent mu niclpal government Early in the past year efforts of Nicaragua to maintain sovereignty over the Mosquito territo ry led 4o serious disturbances culm! nating in the suppression of the native government and the attempted substi tution of an impracticable composite administration, In which Nicaragua and alien residents were to participate. Failure was followed by an insurrec' tion which for a time subverted Nica- raguan rule, expelling her officers and restoring the old organization. This in turn gave place to the existing local government established and upheld by Nicaragua Although the alien inter ests arrayed against Nicaragua in these transactions have been largely American, and the commerce of that region for Bome time has been and still is chiefly controlled by our citizens, we cannot for that reason challenge the . rightful sovereignty of Nicaragua over this important part of her domain, For some months on and during part of the ; time two of our naval ships have been stationed at Blueflelds for the protection of all legitimate- inter ests. or. our mterests-;of our citizens. n September last the government at Inanagua expelled from its territory twelve or- more 'foreigners. Including two Americans, tor alleged participa tion in the seditious or revolutionary movements against the republic at Blueflelds already "mentioned; but through' the earnest remonstrance of this government the two Americans have "been permitted to return to the peaceful management of their bus! ness. pur naval commanders at the scene of the 'disturbances, by their constant exhibition of firmness and good Judgment, contributed largely to the prevention of more serious conse quences and to the restoration of quiet and order. I regret that in the midst of these .Occurrences there happened a rr-.pst grave and, irttatlng failure of Nic c raguan Justice. An American citizen named Wilson, residing at- Kama, in the Mosquito territory,-was murdered by one ArgueUO, the -acting governor of .the town. After some- delay the murderer was arrested, -but : so Inse curely confined or guarded, that he es caped, and notwithstanding our re peated demands It is claimed thai his recapture has been impossible by rea son of his flight beyond Nicaragua Jurisdiction. . ' rjpt 'OOVEKNJraNT'S lUfANCES. ' The secretary of the treasury reports that , the receipts of the government from 11 sources of , revenue during the fiscal - year . ending ' June " 30, 1894, (amounted tq $372,892,498.29. And Its ex . expenditures $442,605,758.87. - Leaving a deficit " of W9,803,260.5i. There .was a, decrease of tl5.M2.tfiM, In the ordl nary expenses ot the government, as compared with the fiscal year 1191, There was collected from customs 1131,(11,630.(3, and from Internal reve nue $147,168,449.70. The balance ot th Income for the year, amounting to $93,815,617.97, was derived from the sals of lands and other sources. The value ot our total dutiable Im ports amounted to $375,199,086, being $146,(67,625 less than during the pre ceding year, and the Importations free ot duty amounted to $379,796,536, being $64,748,675 less than during the preced ing year. The receipts from customs were $73,536,486.11 less, and from inter nal revenue $13,838,539.97 less than In 1893. The total tax collected from distilled spirits was $85,269,250.25; on manufac tured tobacco $28,817,893.(2, and on fer mented liquors, $31,414,788.04. Our exports of merchandise, domestic and foreign, amounted during the year to $892,140,572, being an Increase over the preceding year of $44,495,378. The total amount of gold exported during the fiscal year was $78,898,061, as against $108,680,444 during the fiscal year 1893. The amount Imported was $72,419,119, as against $21,174,381 during the previous year. The Imports of sliver were $13,286,- &. and the exports were $50,451,265. The total bounty paid upon the pro duction of the sugar In the United States for the fiscal year was $12,100, 208.89, being an Increase of $2,725,078.01 over the payments made during the preceding year. The amount of bounty paid from July 1, 1894, to August 28, 1894, the time when further payments ceased by operation of law, was $966, 185.84. The total expenses Incurred in the payment of the bounty upon sugar during the fiscal year was $130,140.85. It Is estimated that upon the basis of the present revenue laws the receipts of the government during the current fiscal year ending June 30, 1895, will be $424,427,748.44, and. Its expenditures 444,427,728.44, resulting In a deficit of $20,000,000. On the first day of November, 1894, the total stock of money of all kinds In the treasury was $2,240,773,888, as against $2,204,651,000 on the first day of November, 1893, and the money of all kinds in circulation, or not included in the treasury holdings, was $1,672,093, 422, or $24.27 per capita, upon an esti mated -population of 68,887,000. At the same date there was held In the treas ury gold bullion amounting to $44,615, 177,50, and silver bullion which was purchased at a cost of$127,779,988. The purchase of silver bullion under the act of July 14, 1890, ceased on the first day of November, 1893, and up to that time there had been purchased during the fiscal year 11,917,658.78 fine ounces at a cost of $8,716,621.32, an average cost of $0.7313 per fine ounce. The total amount of silver purchased from- the time that law took effect until the re peal of Its purchasing clause, on the date last mentioned, was 168,674,682.53 fine ounces, which cost $155,931,002.25, the average price per fine ounce being $0.9244. The total amount of standard silver dollars coined at the mints of the United tates since the passage of the act of February 28, 1878, is $421,- 776,408, of which $378,166,793 were coined under the provisions of that act, $38,- 531,143, under the provisions of the act of July 14, 1890, and $5,078,472 under the act providing for the coinage of trade dollar bullion. The total coinage of all metals at our mints during the last fiscal year consisted of 63,485,220 pieces, valued at $106,216,730.06, of which there were $99,474,912.50 in gold coined; $758 in standard silver dollars; $6,024,140.30 in subsidiary silver coin, and $716,919.26 in minor coin. During the calendar year 1893 the production of precious metals In the United States was estimated at 1,739, 323 fine ounces of gold of the commer cial and coinage value of $35,955,000, and sixty million fine ounces of silver of the bullion or market value of $46, 800,000, and of the coinage value of $77, 576,000. It Is estimated that on the first day of July, 1894, the stock of me tallic money in' the United States, con sisting of coin and bullion, amounted to $1,251,640,958, of which $627,923,201 was gold and $624,847,757 was silver. Fifty national banks were organized during the year ending October 31, 1894, wi'tfh a capital .-f $4,285,000, and seventy- nine With a capital of $10,475,000, went Into voluntary liquidation. Twenty. one banks with a capital of $2,770,000, were placed in the hands of receivers. The total number of national banks In existence on the 33et day of October last was 3,756, being forty less than on the 31st day of October, 1893.x The cap ital stock paid in was $672,671,365, being s,tvs, i less tnan at the same time in the previous year, and the surplus fund and undivided profits, less expenses ana. taxes paid, amounted to $334,121.. 082.10, . which was $16,089,780- less than on October 31t 1893. : The circulation was decreased $1,741,663. The obliga tions of the banks to each other were lncreasea fin.zw.sa and the individual deposits were $277,294;489 less than at the corresponding date in the previous year, and checks and. other cash items were $90,349,963 more. The total re sources of the banks at the date men tioned amounted to $3,473,922,055 as against $3,109,563,234.36 In 1893. THIS WAB DEPARTMENT, From the report of the secretary of war it appears that the strength of the army on September 80, 1894, was" 2,135 officers and 25,765 enlisted men. Although this Is apparently' a verv slight decrease compared with the pre vious year," the actual effective force has been increased to the equivalent of nearly two regiments through the re organization o(, the system of recruit ing, and the consequent release to regi mental auty ot tlhe large force of men hitherto serving at the recruiting- de pots. Thie abolition of these depots, it is predicted, will furthermore effect an annual reduction approximating $250.- 000 ill the direct expenditures, besides promoting the health, moral and dimi. pttne of the troops". The execution of the policy of concen tration! on the army at important cen tres of population and transportation, foreshadowed: In the annual report of the secretary has resulted in the aban donment of fifteen of the smaller posts, which was effected under a plan which assembles organisations of the same regiments hitherto widely ' separated. This - renders our small forces -more readily effective for any swvtce which they may be called upon to perform, In access of the extent ot the territory mder protection without diminishing the security heretofore af forded to any locality, Improves the discipline, training and esprit de corps of the army, besides considerably de creasing the cost ot Its maintenance. Though the forces ot the department of the east have been somewhat In creased, more than three-fourths ot the army is still stationed west ot the Mississippi, This carefully matured policy, which secures the best and greatest service in the Interest of the general welfare from the small force comprising our regular army, should not be thoughtlessly embarrassed by the creation of new and unnecessary posts through act of congress to grat ify the ambitions or Interests of locali ties. While the maximum legal strength of the army Is 25,000 men, the effective strength, through various causes, Is but little over 20,000 men. The purpose of congress does not, therefore, seem to be fully attained by the existing conditions. While no con siderable Increase in the army lain my Judgment demanded by recent events, the policy of seacoaet fortification. In the prosecution of which we have been steadily engaged for some years, has so far developed as to suggest that the effective strength of the army be now made at least equal to the legal strength. Measures taken by the de partment during the year, as Indicated, have already considerably augmented the effective force, and the secretary of war presents a plan which I recom mend to the consideration of congress, to attain the desired end. Economies ef fected In the department In other lines of its work will effect to a great ex tent the expenditure Involved In the proposition submitted. Among other things this contemplates the adoption of the three battalion formation of regiments which for several years has been Indorsed by the secretary of war and the generals commanding the army. Compact in Itself, It provides a skeleton organization, ready to be filled out In the event of war, which is pe culiarly adopted to our strength and requirements; and the fact that every other nation, with a single exception, has adopted this formation to meet the conditions of modern warfare, should alone secure for the recommen dation an early consideration. It is hardly necessary to recall the fact that in obedience to the commands of the constitution and the laws, and for the purpose of protecting the property of the United States aiding the process of federal courts and removing lawless obstructions to the performance by the government of its legitimate functions, It became necessary in various locali ties during the year to employ a con siderable portion of the regular troops. The duty was discharged promptly, courageously and with marked discre tion by the officers and men, and the most gratifying proof was thus afford ed that the army deserves the com plete confidence in its efficiency and discipline which the country has at all times manifested. The skill and industry of our ord nance officers and inventors have, it is believed, overcome the mechanical ob stacles" which have heretofore decayed the armanent of our coasts,', and this great national undertaking upon which we have entered may now proceed as rapidly as congress shall determine. With a supply of finished guns of large calibre already on hand, to which addi tions should now rapidly follow, the wisdom of ' providing carriages and emplacements for their mount cannot be too strongly urged. THE JUDICIARY. The report of the attorney-general notes the gratifying progress made by the supreme court in overcoming tfe arrears of its business and in reaching a condition in which it will be able to dispose of cases as they arise Without any unreasonable delay. This result is, of course, very largely due to the successful working of the plan inaugu rating circuit courts of appeals. In respect to these tribunals the sugges tion is made, In quarters entitled to the highest consideration, that an ad dit'ional circuit Judge for each circuit would greatly strengthen these courts and the confidence reposed in thedr adjudications; and that such an addi tion would not create a greater force of judges than the increasing business of such courts required. I commend the suggestion to the careful considera tion of the congress. Other important topics are adverted to In the report, accompanied by recommendations, many of whloh have been treated at large in previous messages, and at this time, therefore, need only be named. I refer to the abolition of the fee system as a measure of compensa tion to federal officers; the elargement of the powers of United States commis sioners, at least in the territories; the allowance of writs of error In criminal cases on behalf of the United States, and the establishment ; of degrees In the crime of murder. A topic . dealt with by the attorney-general of much importance is the condition of the ad ministration of Justice in the Indian territory. , The permanent solution of what Is called the Indian problem is probably not to be expected at once, but meanwhile such ameliorations of present conditions as the existing sys tem will admit of ought not to be neg lected. I am satisfied there should be a federal court established for the ter ritory with sufficient judges, and that this court should sit within the terri tory and have the same Jurisdiction as to territorial affairs as Is now vested in the federal courts sitting In-Arkan-sas and Texas. , POSTAL AFFAIRS. ' ' - The transactions of , the postal service . indicate with ba'rometlc certainty the fluctuations .-. in thti business of the country. Inasmuch therefore, as business complications continued : to- exist - throughout the last year to an unforeseen extent it is hot surprising that the deficiency of revenue to meet the expenditures of the post-office department, .which was estimated in advance at atfout; eight million dollars, should be exceeded by nearly one and a quarter million dol lars. The ascertained revenues ot the last year, which were the basis p call oulatlon for the current year, being lees than estimated,- the deficiency for the current year .will be 'correspondingly greater, - though the Postmaster-General statea ' that . the latest Indications are so favorable that he' confidently predict ait Increase of at least .eight1 per cent. In the revenues of the cur rent year over those of the last year. Tht expenditures Increase steadily and necessarily with the growth and needs of the country, so that the deficiency Is greater orjes In any yeardependlng upon the volume of receipts. The Post-msster-Oeneral states that this defi ciency is unnecessary and might be ob viated at once if the law regulating rates upon mall matter of the second class was modified. The rate received for the transmission of this second ers matter Is one cent, per pound, while the cost of such transmission to the government Is eight timet that amount In the general terms of the law this rate covers newspapers and periodicals. The extensions of the meaning of these terms from time to time have admitted to the privileges Intended for legitimate newspapers and periodicals a surprising range of publications and created abuses the cost of whloh amount In the aggregate to the total deficiency of the post of fice department Pretended newspa pers are started by business houses for the mere purpose. ot advertising goods, complying with the law In form only and discontinuing the publications as soon as the period of advertising Is over. "Sample copies" of pretended newspapers are issued In great num bers for a like purpose only. The re sult Is a great less of revenue to the government, besides Its humiliating use as an agency to aid In carrying out the scheme of a business house to ad vertise Us goods by means of a trick upon both Its rival houses and the reg ular and legitimate newspapers. Paper covered literature, consisting mainly of trashy novels, to the extent of many thousands of Inns Is sent through the malls at one cent per pound, while the publishers of stand ard works are required to pay eight times that amount In sending their publications. Another abuse consists In the free carriage through the malls of hundreds of tons of seed and grain uselessly distributed through the de partment of agriculture. The poBt-master-general predicts that If the law be so amended as to eradicate these abuses not only will the post-office de partment show no deficiency, but he believes that in the near future all le gitimate newspapers and periodical magazines might be properly trans mitted through the mails to their sub scribers free of cost. I Invite your prompt consideration of this subject and fully Indorse the views of the postmaster-general. The total number of post-offices in the United States on the 30th day of June, 1894, was 69,805, an Increase of 1,403 over the preceding year. Of these 3.428 were presidential, an in crease In that class of 68 over the pre ceding year. Six hundred and ten cit ies and towns are provided with free delivery. Ninety-three other cities and towns entitled to this service un der the law have not been accorded It on account of Insufficient funds. THE KAVr. I recommend that provision be made for the construction of additional bat tle ships and torpedo boats. The sec retary recommends the manuiacture not only the reserve supply of ord nance and ordnance material for ships of the navy, but also a supply for the auxiliary fleet. Guns and their appur tenances should be provided and kept on hand for both these purposes. We have not to-day a single gun that could be put upon the ships Paris or New York of the International navigation company or any other ship of our re serve navy. The manufacture of guns at the Washington navy yard is pro ceeding satisfactorily and none of our new ships will be required to wait for their guns or ordnance for equipment. P - We tion, ily some See if your ere is only If w ing and cleaning, nothing under any other name can equal it. CkAn r P'ddlers and some unscrupulous grocers will tell you "this is as good as"' OCI1U or "the same as Pearline." IT'S FALSE Pearline is never peddled, J T" 1 and if your grocer sends " JPaCK. honest tend it hick. YOUR CHRISTMAS AS WELL as your THANKSGIVING DINNER Will not be complete ROOT'S QUAKER BREAD. - Most nutritious and palatable, and endorsed and highly recommended by the medioal faculty, ; Thousands say it is the most dellolous and healthful bread ever Introduced to the New Haven publlo. Made by the original process at Root'sBakery, 859 Grand Avenue BE SURE Ask your grocefor ROOT'S QUAKER BREAD. t5T Label on each loaf. Tjrr f ' 4 I '"TV i - : If TUB PUBUO LANDS, It la estimated that the publlo do main still remaining amounts to a little more than (00,000,000 acres, excluding, however, about 360,000,000 acres In Alas ka at well a military reservations and railroads In other sections, of landt ytt unadjudlcated. " The total cash receipts from tale rf lands amounted to $2,(74,285.79, Includ Ing $91,981.03 received for Indian lands. Thirty-five thousand patents were Is sued for agricultural lands, and $.100 patents were Issued to Indians on al lotmenta of their holdings In severalty, the land to alloted being Inalienable by the Indian alloteet for a period of twenty-five years after patent There were certified and patented on account of railroad and wagon road grantt during the year 865,556, 48 acret of lands at the close ot the year, 29 million acret were embraced In the lists of selections made by railroad and wagon road companies and awaited settlement. The selections of swamp lands and that taken as indemnity therefrom since the passage of the act providing for the same in 1849, amount to nearly Or OUlte 80.500.000 apron nt which f,B 000,000 have been patented to states. About 138,000 acres were patented dur ing the last year, Nearly 820,000 acres of school and educational grants were approved during the year, and at Its close 1,250,363.81 acres remained unad Justed, It appears that the appropriation for the current year on account of special service for the protection of the public lands and the timber thereon is much less than those for previous years and Inadequate for an efficient performance (Continued on Seventh Page.) THE FIRST THING IN THE M0RNIN0 take a little Carlsbad Sprudel Salt in a glass full of water. That will set you right and keep you light, if you're inclined to be bil ious or dyspeptic or constipated. People wonder, sometimes, why it is that the Carlsbad treatment, the world's remedy for habitual constipation, should be recom mended for diarrhoea and such disorders, too. Simply, because it leads the stomach and bowels naturally into a healthy condi tion, whatever their derange ments it doesn't accomplish its results by harmful irritation, as most pills and purgatives do. Beware ot imitations sold as improved " or " artificial " Carlsbad Salt. The only genuine Carlsbad Salt, with all the properties of the Sprudel Spring solidified, has the seal of the city of Carls bad and the signature of "Eisner & Mendelson Co., Agents, New York," on every bottle. All others are worthless imitations. e - a - r - l - i - n - e. This is the way we spell it. It's necessary to mention it, because some women don't seem to know find so many who say they use Pearime, and then, upon examina find that what they are using is imitation ot it. package is marked as above one Pearline. It makes white :hings whiter bright things brighter eco nomical and saves at every point. For wash you something in place of Pearline, be 414 JAMES PYLE, N. Y. unless you have AND HEAT YOUR HOUSE WITH THB OBLERBATBD Mahony Boiler. Steam or Hot Water, Dlreot or Indlreot Radiation. - ALSO HOT-AIR FURNACES, :, Driven Wells a speolalty. ' Engineers' Snppties. First-class work guaranteed. Factory work soli cited. Personal -attention ' given 'to modernizing defeotlre plumbings. f - : SHEAHAN & GrROARK, , Steam Fitters and Plumbers. - Telephone 4043 285 and 28? Stat $trt THREE CARLOADS . OF CHAMBER SUITES Arrived last week. Watch our Chapel Street Win dow for Special Bargains daily. Our Fall line of Carpets Is far ahead of anything ever before exhibited In the city. Prices so low they will surprise you. Parlor Suites, Easy Chairs, Couches our own manufacture ; come and see them. Choice lines of Rugs, Mats, Shades, Laco Cur tains, Draperies, Paper Hangings, etc. Largest and Leading Low Priced Housefurnishlng Store in the city. H. B. ARMSTRONG & CO., 68-97 Orange Street and 780 Chapel Street. POPPING CORN Old Rice Corn, Warranted, 6c per lb, 5 lbs 25c; $4 per 100 lbs, by the bbl. FRANK S. PLATT, 374 AND 376 STATE STREET. THING EXTRA FINE We Have It ! Prices G-reatly Reduced CHARLES W. WHITTLESEY MONARCH Your choice of Rims and Tires Call and See Them. Buckingham Clark & Jackson State WINTER SHOES. Ladies' calf skin boots are the best winter shoes for general street . . .? i, . . ' They , offer good protection against cold, are reasonably waterproof and serviceable. The Ladies' Calf Skin we offer for four-fifty asts and we guarantee every respect. A bargain in Children's Calf Button Boots made last season (but not harmed) ; price $1.50, worth $2.25. .' - ( The New Haven 842-846 Chapel Street, New Haven, Conn. AND CORK POPPERS. I - - A Camera ! from now until Dec. 26th. & CO., 281 State street. BICYCLES. Highest Grade. Weighs 25 Pounds. Agents 294 296 298 State street use. Button and Lace that are made on razor toe them satisfactory in . " Shoe Company,