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NEWl.HAVEN MORNING JOUKNAL AND COUEIEB, WK1 NESDAY, AUGUST 18, I89T
Ji: h c jjotirual and (So uvicr tlSHlCU IN CONNKCX1CWT. 'i-i-i' It tAAii JOUitNAJb, turned Ihuiedayn. One Hollar a --. THJUAKIUNQTON FUBL1SHINU CO. Office 400 State Street. Uelitkrkd by Cahriekb in the Out, 16 lsktba.'wxek, 6'icenxs a mosih, s tor t U Months, u a 1 kaji. -jus ti-.Mii Terms byMah. ADVERTISING RATES. Situations, Wants, Rents, and other small advertisements, One Out a Word each in sertion. Five Cents a Word for u full week (seven times). Display advertisements, per inch, one in sertion, $1.20; each subsequent Insertion, 40 centsj one week, $3.20; one month, $10; one year, $40. Obituary Notices, In prone or verse, lo cents per line. Notices of Births Mar riages, Deaths and Funerals. 50 cents each. Local Notices 15 cents per line. Yearly advertisers are limited to their own immediate business (all matter to De unobjectionable), and their contracts do not Include Wants, To Let, For Sale, etc. The losses In gold mining are seldom heard of, but the gains are heralded across the world. Government statis tics show that it costs ninety cents to mine a dollar of bullion in California Jast year, averaging loss and gain, and this does not embrace the money ex pended by prospectors. The Illinois public schools will begin Instruction this fall upon the evil ef fects of alcohol and narcotics on the human system. This Is mads mandato ry on all school boards in the state by a law of the last legislature, which the temperance people hail as one of their imost important victories. Mrs, Gussie Campbell Spencer Wlns . low broke the St. Lotils record by se curing her second divorce within the present term of the county court. Both divorces were granted within five min utes on the presentation of her peti tion and affidavit and the defendant's answer and waiver of summons. In her petition Mrs. Wlnslow charged her husband with having abandoned her in Chicago on June 1?. Their marriage took place In that city on June 11, a fortnight after her divorce from No. 1, tor habitual drunkenness. Spurious mummies have from time to time been palmed off upon the public, and a doubt arose In a Vienna museum as to the validity of one daughter of the Pharaohs in their collection. It oc curred to them, in view of the general hollowness of life, that the young lady might have been manufactured in Bir mingham. So they turned the Roent gen rays upon her, and saw at once through her many folded wraps the amulets which the Egyptians place up on the bosoms of their dead, thus prov ing the genuineness of their specimens. Lord Wolseley, commander-in-chief of the British army, has publicly an nounced that "the meteor flag of Eng land" will never again be carried Into battle, in land fights at least. In pre senting new colors to a regiment re cently, he said: "In future it would be madness and a crime to order any man to carry colors into action. You might as Well order him to be assassinated. The Germans carry the poles on which the colors used to be, so that they aU tract no notice in action. We have had most reluctantly to abandon a practice to which we attached great Importance, and which, under past and gone condi tions' of fighting, was invaluable in keeping alive the regimental spirit up on which our British troops depended bo much." Boston's board of police has adopted pome regulations for itinerant musi cians. In the first place, the German oands, as they are called, will be pos itively barred, only stringed instru ments being permitted. But not even the strings may be used before nine a. an. nor after ten p. m., thus accommo dating the early-to-bed and the late risers, while in the down-town streets the nuisance will not be allowed to be gin until after six p. m. Further changes are a prohibition of playing on Sunday, or within three hundred feet of any school or any other building af ter a policeman or the occupant has no tified the Itinerant to cease; a require ment that the musician pay one dollar tfor a license and wear his license num ber conspicuously, and a prohibition of ringing door-bells or knocking at doors tfor the purpose of collecting money. In some of the large cities of Europe the principle of the reflection of sound is very Ingeniously employed in locat ing the position of Inaccessible obstruc tions in the pipes of the pneumatic tube service. Thus, when a pipe is con structed, a diaphragm that is so thin as to vibrate instantly under the force of a sound wave is attached to the end of the pipe, and connected electrically with a chronograph in such a manner that when the diaphragm vibrates it will close the electric circuit and regis ter on the chronograph; a pistol loaded with blank cartridge is then fired into Ithe tube through an opening just below where the diaphragm is placed. When, therefore, the shot is fired, the sound wave causes the diaphragm to vibrate and registers the exact time on the chronograph. The sound wave will travel along the tube until it meets the obstruction, and will then be reflected tack; on this reflected sound, or echo returning to the end of the tube, it causes the diaphragm to vibrate again end make another registration on the chronograph, which by this simple op eration will correctly indicate the exact interval of time required for the sound to travel from the end of the tube and back, It appears that all that is printed, even In consular reports, cannot be be lieved. Writing from Tien Tsin, a civil engineer in government employment thanks the "Railroad Gazette"' for Its recent warning to Its readers not to be lieve the extravagant stories they see In print, about lucrative openings for Americans in China. He writes: Ow ing to consular reports, etc., sent to the United States life has become hardly worth living. Catalogues and applica tions by the hundreds reach us, ,many of them covering the very last class of goods the Chinese will ever need, namely, wood-working machinery. With skilled carvers and carpenters at 15 gold cents a day such luxuries are wasted, especially as railroad work In China is done in fits and starts. Some very dilapidated engineers have worked over to this side, believing that splendid berths awaited them. German, Bel gian and Russian engineers swarm on every hand, and as they are supported by their governments or syndicates they can loaf about at ease. The road is now completed forty miles- beyond Shan Hal Kaun, and the section of eighty miles from Peking southwester ly to Pao-ting-fu Is in hand. The rails are laid to Peking ahd trains running, but they will have to stop when the floods cc-me, as the line is not secure until many parts are well reveted with stone and the track ballasted. Floods may come now any hour. an aiuhian siant. The bid Green is beautiful at any time, except In the winter, when many cart-loads of street slush disfigure it, and even then its trees and memories remain. But it was never more beauti ful than last night, when it was trans formed by magical wonder-workers in to a section of fairy-land. The illumin ation was a glowing success and every body who saw it felt proud of it. Al most everybody saw it. Not many times in the entire history of the city has there been such a large number of people on the Green to see anything, and never were the people more pleased and satisfied with what they saw. The artistic skill displayed in the arrange ment of the lights merits all the praise it received, and the generosity and pub lic spirit of the railroad company whclh gives the large amount of electricity required for the illumination cannot fail to be appreciated by all who saw or may see the beautiful spectacle. There will be three more Arabian Nights and each Will give delight to many thousands, as last night did. lUIIAVAVHKB'S FIKK-BOATS. New Haven hasn't any fire-boat, but when it has one it will do well to con sider the nee which Milwaukee is mak ing of its fire-boats. Cleveland, De troit and Buffalo have adopted the sys tem, and Boston is preparing to do something with it. In Milwaukee the idea was born of necessity, the first suggestion being for a pipe line from the river to an isolated manufactory in a section where the water mains had not penetrated. The pipe was laid, and the first test With a fire-boat at the riv er end showed a complete success. Since then lines have been laid to cover a great part of the business district qf the city. They extend in some in stances even as far as three thousand feet from the rivers on either side, and have been proved to be effective even with an elevation of eighty-six feet, and the consequent large back pressure. The chief of the fire department is re ported as saying that a fire-boat at the end of a pipe line is worth from three to six engines, according to the length of the line. Therefore, by the extension 6f the lines at a comparatively small cost, the city has been saved the ex pense of several engines, to say noth ing of the engine houses and the keep ing up of companies. The piping costs but little more than the same length of hose, and when laid is practically inde s'tructible. In time at least one-half of Milwaukee will be protected in this manner, a protection more efficient than that provided by fire engines, and obtained, moreover, at a minimum of cost. SOltlK VhAW TALK. The bimetallic commissioners sent by this country to England don't seem to be making much ImpreslOn in favor of silver if the London Times speaks with its usual authority. It says: "It is clearly impossible to treat seriously a commission which argues that unless we do something for silver the next election in the United States will re turn Mr. Bryan to the White House, to the lasting injury of British interests It is not certain that Mr. Bryan will be elected. It is not even certain that if he were elected we would suffer more than we should from a new McKinley with another McKinley act. Moreover British Interests in American securities have time before the next Presidential election and before the crash to get rid of them. One thing Is certain we would be very foolish to do anything for silver. Even should the United States and France agree to adopt bi metallism and England to reopen the Indian mints, it would only bolster up silver for a brief space, to fall again to its proper market price, so that Indian finances would be in a position as bad as before, if not worse than before." Similar sentiments are expressed by the Westminster Gazette, which says: "To fool any longer with President Mc Klnley'a commission is surely unneces sary. In declining to abide by the mar ket value of silver as to standard of currency value India has taken a step towards demonetizing silver. Japan and Russia have adopted the gold standard, and not one means to go back on It. Then why not say so, and not be deterred by the threats of a possible Bryanite victory, and dismiss the ques tion finally." This Is pretty plain talk, but it has merit, and Is worth attention in this country. The sooner we give up trying to "do something for silver" the less we shall have to pay for our folly. It has already been quite costly enough. FASHION NOttlS. A Late Summer Hurst of Greens. Greens are in force as summer hears its end, and though we have had a deal of this color in its many shades, its latest employments are -very hand some. Two tasteful uses of it are dis played In to-day's picture that at the left being grayish green woolen stuff, the other a sea green taffeta for the skirt, and green and pale blue striped satin for the bodice. Oh the skirt of the skirt of the first dress a tablier was imitated by means of narrow green velvet ribbon, and on either side of this was a band of cream bodice and a lace vest and was trimmed with green vel vet ribbon of different widths. Its col lar was covered with lace, and the belt was green velvet with a bow in front. Green chiffon draped the other skirt, and there was a folded belt of green chiffon With long sash ends from the left side. The jacket bodice opened over a vest of green chiffon topped by a square lace yoke that was finished with a chiffon puffing on each side, and the collar was black chiffon with a large bow in back. The cut of sleeves at shoulder is not to be changed radically. Women will not submit to the tight sleeve with nothing to relieve the shoulder line, or if the shoulder line Is left plain, then there must be an apologetic burst of puffery just below the shoulder. . Sleeves of Velvet in shades darker and contrasting with the rest of the bodice are to be worn, and the woman with handsomely shaped arms will rejoice. The same arm has long enough been hidden un der a bushel measure. Evening gowns will have a tiny strap at the shoulder, the real sleeve being a puff slipped well down over the shoulder. The en tire arm will be thus exposed, though the outline will be relieved. A great many- bodices for street wear will give the sleeveless bolero effect, and, in many cases a sleeveless bolero will ac tually be worn. Evening and house gowns will be made sleeveless and with the neck cut out, a bolero of lace sup plying the sleeves with excellent effect. FANATICAL. In Colorado. Teacher "Define fana tic." Pupil "A man who does not be lieve in free silver." Puck. Ferguson "What is the composition of Roquefort cheese?" Tipton "Roquefort cheese is not a composi tion; it is a decomposition" Boston Transcript. An Atchison man is wearing the ex pression of a hunted murderer; his wife went off to spend the summer, leaving him to attend to her palm. The palm died. Atchison (Kah.) Globe. An English country squire, who wish ed to make an entry at an agricultural exhibition, wrote thus to the secretary,: "Please put me down on your list of cattle for a calf." Tit-Bits. "I must have been a fool when I mar ried," said little Tompkyns, glaring fiercely at his wife. "Certainly, my dear," said Mrs. Tompkyns sweetly. "It couldn't come on so badly all in two years, could it?" Tit-Bits. Mrs.. Delia Creme (wearily) "I know everything we eat is adulterated; but what can we do, Reginald? , We must trust our grocer." Mr. Reginald Creme (drearily) "Ah, yes, Delia, very true; and if oh If our grocer would only trust us." Tit-Bits. So Natural. "Oh, do look at that dear little lamb!" said Frances, on seeing a young lamb for the first time in her life. "Isn't it pretty?" asked mamma. "Yes; and it is so natural, too. It squeaks just like a toy lamb, and has the same sort of wool on its back." Judge. A Thin Excuse-. Deacon Hasbeen (laying down his paper) "I have just been reading that alcohol will remove grass stains from fhe most delicate fab ric." Mrs. Hasbeen (severely) "There you go again, Jason, trying to find some excuse! Just remember that you have no grass stains in your stomach." Puck. WASTED AROUND KEY WEST. Millions of Dollars Spent and No Bene fit Secured Fortifications That are Now Obsolete and Abandoned Mod ern Improvements That Will Make the Existing Structures of Some Value. The people of Key West have little reason to complain of any neglect on the part of the paternal national gov ernment. If the citizens of the place had worked as hard as has the United States government to improve the is land it would be an immensely pleas anter place of residence. Ever since that day seventy-five years ago when Lieutenant M. C. Perry, commanding the United States schooner Shark, took formal possession of the Island, with infrequent interruptions the national government has been burying money in the sands of it beaches more lavishly than ever did the pirates of old. A succession of obsolete fortifications, virtually abandoned, but with some re cent promise of renovation, mark the places where the treasure was expend ed. Other government works with the functions of peace have shared the congressional appropriations. From the deep-water harbor at the north western end of the Island for four miles the west and south beaches are lined with government property. Of late years certain parts of this sea front, unoccupied, have fallen into private ownership. But the defences are con tinuous for the entire face of the island looking southward across the Gulf Stream to Cuba. It was in 1844 and 1845 that the pic turesque barracks still occupied were erected in the barracks yard, facing the northeast beach, and the troops stationed there were augmented. This was the preliminary in starting the pretentious fortifications of the south and west' beaches. Liberal congres sional appropriations were made and continued for years in the Interest of gulf defence and during the term of service of Jefferson Davis as secretary of war everything possible was done to complete the fort that had been under construction for ten years. Fort Taylor was begun in 1845. It stands still unfinished, a great pile of brick and cement inclosing a triangular parade ground of two or three acres of grassy lawn, and until two months ago absolutely desolate, except for the presence of an ordnance sergeant act ing as a custodian. The fort is built oh an island one thousand feet off shore from the island of Key West itself and is connected with the latter by a low wooden causeway under which shallow tidewater flows. The land side of the fort is the base of the triangle. It is protected by a surrounding sea wall and a moat, over which a narrow drawbridge leads to the sally port. The sides of the triangle are extended into the ocean, with the sea beating directly at their base, over ugly rocks that forbid an approach. Before the intersection point is reached the lines are cut off, and a wall built squarely between them makes the geometrical figure blunted Instead of perfect. Technically, the fort comprises two tiers of casemates and a barbette. The officers' and soldiers' quarters, the cis terns, the administrative offices, the magazines and the prison are all in the wall on the land side, while the sea ward space is used entirely for.' the mounting of guns. Scores of mounted cannon frown over the brow and through tne ports of the old fortress and other scores lie unmounted. The furnace, where the solid shot were to be heated red, is rusted almost to de cay. The casemates are stored with ammunition of patterns thirty and forty years old. No flag floats from the staff and no hostile shot ever was fired from the walls. . All the Work that had been done on the fort was washed (iway and oblite rated by the famous hurricane of Octo ber, 184S. The loss was repaired as promptly as possible and work was continued steadily, while several mil lions of dollars were spent in construc tion and equipment. "While the seces sion convention was deliberating on December 12. 1860. Captain John M. Brannan, who was in command of the battery of artillery Occupying the bar--racks on the other sjde; of the Island, evacuated those quarters, made an early morning marchand took posses sion of the uncompleted fortress. He had less than thirty men, but other troops came soon to garrison the forti fication, and the island was held by the Union troops throughout the war. In 1845, the same year that saw the new barracks and the beginning of Fort Taylor, the United States Marine Hospital was built and occupied, and It still stands to give aid to the pallors who need its care. Amid a grove of cocoanut trees In a splendid lawn, with the open sea and the fort on one side great verandas, many hammocks and thick stone walls, well shaded to keep it cool, a far worse and less pictur esque station may be found than the Key West Marine Hospital. For two years, with plenty of spare time and books and a lawn tennis court, the sur geons like it well. Then it begins to be desperately lonesome. The War Department had had Its turn and now the navy was to be cared for. In 1856 a naval storehouse was be gun. The following spring it was ready to be roofed, when the appropri ation failed and work had to cease. In this condition it remained until the outbreak of the civil war, when the national government took prompt steps to complete all the works then unfin ished. This important station had been left without a ton of coal. The steamer Atlantic, after bringing troops for the relief of Fort Pickens, came here, found no coal, and had to steam to Havana at half speed to replenish her bunkers. Work was hastened on to the naval warehouse and it Was stocked with mu nitions for the War. No far distant a machine shop and foundry were erect ed for the east gulf squadron. Fort Taylor was put In shape for use, so far as its condition would allow, and la borers were employed to bring it nearer completion. Key West was not sufficiently pro tected. The Washington administra tion saw four miles of the south beach unfortified against possible attack from Confederate or Spanish enemies. An other appropriation was made and two martello towers were begun in 1861. A railroad was built for construction pur poses, connecting the towers and Fort Taylor. Hundreds of men were em ployed and brick and cement masonry laid that will stand for centuries. This is the form of fortification that chrono logically succeeded the familiar round toWer of the Irish coast. These at Key West were calculated to protect the en tire south beach, their lines of fire in tersecting: one another and also those of the guns from Fort Taylor. They are splendidly arranged to repulse an attack from the water side, for they stand at the beach two miles apart, and face the natural fortifications of shallow water and sharp stones. They are designed to slaughter with neat ness and dispatch anjf enemy who may scale the walls and come in range of the riflemen in and on the inner citadel, but there is nothing whatever to pre vent a force from landing elsewhere, marching to the land side with field pieces and hammering the tower to bits. Not a single gun in the tower could command the land side effective ly But this makes no difference, how ever, for after several years of work the towers were abandoned, unfinished, and no gun ever was mounted in the embrasures. Their function now is im portant One is, the city slaughter house. The other is a genuinely pic turesque old ruin, and furnishes enter tainment for energetic tourists who will go so far and climb over and around It. A later measure of protection and coast defence was planned in the early seventies. In 1873 two sand batteries were constructed on the beach one on either side of Fort Taylor one mounting three Parrott rifles, and the other half a dozen of larger calibre. But they were never finished, and are now half dismantled. This is a melancholy catalogue of wasted effort and money. Millions of dollars have been spent on these forti fications, now abandoned, obsolete in the extreme, yet sound in their mason ry as the day they were built. Even now work is beginning on the renova tion of Fort Taylor, and it is under stood that some five hundred thousand dollars will be spent there within the (Continued on Fifth Page;) An Expert S in Gems S S must not only possess a natural genius for the profession but many years oi close application and constant association with the foreign market is necessary. ' THE GEORGE H. FORD COMPANY....... htve devoted years to tne study of Precious Stones. A gem purchased of them has a guarantee of genuine ness and intrinsic value. Hot Weather UNDERWEAR. All grades and prices. Ladies' Belts and Golfing Ties at just half price. Chase & Company, New Haven Houss Building. iipomm TAILOR. 63 CENTER STREET, NEW HAVEN. Not Law Suits but Chamber i Suits priced right down for quick dispatch. Must be sold out the way of soon-to-come Fall Furniture, One Curly Birch Suit that cost $32.00, goes at $27.00. Another Birch Suit that cost , $26.00, goes at $22.50. One Oak Suit that cost $55.00, goes at $49.50. Another Oak Suit that cost $75.00, goes at $69.00. One Oak Suit goes at $22.00, very near the maker's price. One Bird's-eye Maple Suit goes at $37.90, within about $4.00 of cost, All sound three-piece Cham ber Suits. There are other Suits unmentioned, just as valuable to the purchaser. Store closed Satmdays at 12 noon, until Sept. 1st. am Orange and Crown Streets. THE BROCKETT & TOTTLE CO CARRIAGE BUILDERS, Jiew Haven, Conn. The Ensuing 30 days WE WILL SELL Baronials $375. Former price S47S Brightons $300. Former pries $400 we Have Other Bargains. Estimates on Repair Work Submitted. School opens Tuesday, Sept. 7th, day aftef our only National Holiday. None too soon to plan the school gowns we offer a wealth of Fall of '97 Novelty Cotton Dress Goods ! Prettiest ' Plaids. i2icyd. Flannellettes. J Oc yd. F. M. BROWN & CO. Some of Our CleaningUp Sale Bargains 1 Ladies' $1.50 to $2.00 Oxfords,$1.19 I Ladies' and Misses Oxfords, , ,.., .69 ( i Misses' si. 50 to $2.00 Shoes, . i Men's $3.00 Tan and Patent, 1.9S i uoys' i.5U to sii.75 snoes, l.iy . Shoes for Vacation, Shoes for Everybody, At A. B. Greenwood m Chapel St. U. S. N. Deck Paint, A Paint for Floors, Interior and Exterior. Dries Hard in One Night High, Gloss Finish. Send for Circular. THOMPSON & BELDEN, 396398 State Street. No Advance ON THE PRICES OF OUR CARPET STOCK, ALTHOUGH THE LARGEST MILLS IN THE COUNTRY HAVE MADE LARGE ADVANCES IN PRICE. YOUR SUMMER BUYING WILL SAVE YOU MONEY, AS IT WILL UK IMPOSSIBLE TO SELL GOODS AT THE PRESENT PRI CES WHEN THE STOCK ON OUR SHELVES HAS TO HE RE PLACED. IP YOU WISH GOODS PUR CHASED NOW STOKED UNTIL FALL. WE AVILL DO SO FREE OF CHARGE. HAVE YOU SEEN OUR RUFFLED FISH NET CURTAINS AT '1.40 PER PAIR ? THEY ARE GREAT VALUE. MMeiWlOfSlMsCo 68, 70, 73 Orange Street. CLOSED SATURDAYS AT KOON. mm In honor of and ap propo of the FIRE CHIEF'S Convention we offer i OOO pairs of OSE 1 9 for ladies, These souvinir value hose Sire worth 25c pr. Jlead Our Offer to All Who return to us a bottle wrapper, we will mall a handsome photograph, The medicine will do you good. The plio- to will ill please you. Address MONARCH: ilease yon. Address MONARCH ES CO.. P. O. Box 11!)S. New Ha REMKDIES CO., ven, Conn. Sold by all druggists, fnco 50 cents. . i .:: : , ';. COMPRESSED AIR Carpet Cleaning Works. no. 106 Court Street. - - Uuyota called lor aud uellvwrad. . Carpets cleaned and laid, also made orer In fact, everything done In the Carpet Una. AU work satisfactorily and promptly! done. Telephone call. 1314-2. Give us a call. yl9 WM. F. KNAPP & OO. 35 Olive Street and 2J2 Wh&lley Avenue. Largest and most complete facilities In the State. ' Private apartments securely locked. Packing and transferring. auT Threa Years Old-Has Gome to Stay! A TIME-TRIED TOBACCO SPECIFIC. GOOD-BV Certain to Stop the Practice Costs One Dollar. A DOCTOR'S RECIPE. Legions of Testimonials Bona-flde Cures. Address M. F. BRISTOL; Agent, No. 834 Chapel street, New Haven. aplT If Pure P: URE JTROVISION JT LACES Church and Elm Streets. - 275 Edgewood Ave. Woodmont-at-the-shore. Takes three stores now to distribute our pure gro ceries, meats and' vege- ; tables. Two stores in the city and one at Wood-1 "mont.' During the stray idle moments we are Dusy thinking and planning for Fall. Studying how to better serve our regular : customers and secure new ones. . nr.4.i-. 1 -..:.!, your Grocer? Telephone 1267. . The r. h. nesbiT co HORSES. Two carloads jusi received. Draft, Business, Coach, and seveial well broke Saddlers. Ample trial, and r.erfect satis faction guaranteed. SIEDLEY BEOS. E CO., 154 Brewery Street.