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NEW UAVEN, COXX. tHE OLDICST DAILY PAl'KB PUB LISHED IN CONNECTICUT, Tim WEISKT.X .JOU1CNAL, JuKiiert Thursdays, On Hollar a Year. .THE CARRINGTON PUBLISHING CO. Oftice 400 Statu Street. Delivered by Oarbiehs in thb City, 15 Cents a Week, 50 Cents a Month, $3 for Six Months, Jtl a Year. The Same Terms by Mail. ADVERTISING KATES. Sltuntions. Wants, Rents, ana other small iNlvertlseihHnts, One Cent a Word enoli In sertion. Five Cents a Word for a full week (seven times). Display advertisements, per Inch, one In sertion, $1.20: each subsequent insertion, 40 cents; one week, $3.20; one monlti, $10; one year, $40. Obituary Notices, In prose or verse, la cents per line. Notices of Birtus, Mar riages, Deaths and Funerals. 50 cents each. Local Notices 15 cents per line. Yearly advertisers are limited to their own Immediate business (all matter to be unobjectionable), and their contracts do not Include Wants, To Let, For Sale, etc. The Postoffloe department at "Wash ington admonishes the postoffice em ployes throughout the country, partic ularly those at the stamp windows, to foe more polite in the discharge of their Hutles. No such admonition is needed Sn this city. 'A Maine man recently got warm fenough to sue his neighbor for occupy ing three Inches of his land. He was not a little discomfited when a survey proved that he himself was the tres passer to the extent of two feet and eleven Inches. His overthrow was complete when his neighbor shook hands with him and told him that the ience needn't be moved. The greatest and strongest chain ever tnade has recntly left the Tipton Green iron works, in England. It is Intended for crane work at Chatham wharf and "consists 'of oval links forged severally of three and one-half inch rods, each link being 20 inches long and 13 wide. Since there was no machinery availa ble for testing a chain of such dimen sions, the test was made by actual sus pension of 400 tons, or 896,000 pounds, from each link. Terence Duffy of San Francisco has recorded in the patent office at Wash ington an idea for utilizing the energy of the sea waves, showing how he pro poses to harness old ocean so as to make It store compressed air. Ac cording to his plan the rolling and pitching of a ship, built for the pur pose, of course, will operate a number of air-pumps, which, force air Into reservoirs. From the reservoirs it is conducted by pipes to J.he engines, as generating electricity, for lighting, ctcTTiand for taking In and discharging cargo. B. Baden-Powell, secretary of the I3rltish Aeronautical society, writes to the Saturday Beview a statement of his surmises as to the probable course of the balloonist Andree. The start was made at 2:30 p. m. on July 11, and lie estimates that the pole should have been reached by 9 o'clock on the fol lowing evening. By 2 p. m. on the loth the coast of Alaska might be reached. Of course, If the wind changed, the balloon might drift in any direction, but with an average pace of twelve miles an hour it ought to be able to travel six thousand miles in three weeks, so that a landing might be ef fected early in August. But the rest of the journey would probably be slow, and Mr. Baden-Powell thinks there is no cause for worry for the next two months. A goat breeding company is securing leases of wild land in the great black berry wilderness that surrounds Lee, trie, for "the purpose of establishing la big goat ranch for the purpose of raising kids for the market. Since the price of wool went down the, pelt of a 'tfat kid ia worth as much as a lamb's ekln with the wool on it, while its meat 5s quite as savory and nourishing as (that from lambs. A sheep produces a Iamb once every year, but the she-goats have two or three kids at a birth twice a year. This company expects to put flocks of approved breeds on these lands in charge of goat-herds, who will at tend to the flocks, cut meadow hay for their winter fodder; and cull out the kids as soon as they are in marketable condition. "Within , three years this company hopes to have flocks aggre gating a hundred thousand goats and thinks it will make a net profit of a dollar on every kid it sells. This plan does not include cheese making, which the farmers of Switzerland and other sections of Europe have found profita ble for many years. That the lot of the sailor in the Brit ish mercantile marine is no bed of roses Is shown by a report of the Government Board of Trade just issued in London and according to which the number of cases of desertion during the twelve months which have just been brought Ij a close exceeds fourteen thousand. With the exception of a few hundred only, all these deserting seamen were what are known as long-voyage men. and their abandonment of their shipa In some foreign port usually an Amer ican one meant to them not only the sacrifice of character, with the cer tainty of imprisonment in the event of recapture either at home or abroad, but likewise the loss of all accumula tion of pay, which is only given to the men on completing the time for which they have shipped. , The Board of Trade calculates that, estimating the accumulated pay of each deserting sailor at a minimum average of $50, nearly $750,000 is thus lost to the sail ors and to their families at home, the money, of course, remaining In the hands of their employers. The Eng lish government now proposes to devise means by which ship-owners and ship masters, who often brutally treat their men with the express object of induc ing them to desert without demanding their pay, should be forced to disgorge all such accumulations of wages for the benefit of the nearest relatives of the deserttrs. SKCvxn run atonox. We second the motion of the esteem ed Eeglster that the head man of this village attend the national convention of mayors which is to be held at Co lumbus, Ohio, next month. One object of this convention is "the interchange of ideas and knowledge on municipal problems, such as will result from the experienced city officials coming in con tact with each other." Of course our head man wouldn't benefit much by an interchange of ideas and knowledge, because the advantage of the swap would be so greatly on the other side, but he would be powerfully beneficial to the other head men. He could teach them, for Instance, how to overwhelm offending and irreverent newspapers by fiery oratory, and he could furnish them a classic oration as a model for their efforts. He could also teach them how to rule with an iron hand success fully concealed in a velvet glove. He could show them how to kap the band in the band-wagon. He could teach them how to induce discouraged tax payers to clean asphalt pavements, and he could show them how to snatch per sonal and political defeat out of vic tory. He should be willing to take his candle out from under the local peck measure and let it shine in Columbus for the benefit of those who may be contending with municipal problems which he has found no difficulty In solving. JOnijA.lt WHEAT. "Dollar wheat" is both an agricultur al and a political blessing, but nothing is to be gained by making "dollar wheat" a fetish or grossly exaggerating its benefits. It has been and is a fine thing for many farmers and a few bull speculators. It will also be a good thing for those who have goods to sell that the prosperous wheat farmers will want. It will be a stimulus in many ways. But it will not be a great thing for those who have to pay $1.50 or $2 a barrel more for flour without having their wages correspondingly raised. And It will be so bad a thing for the free silverites that those who feel for others' woes may perhaps be justified in dropping a silent tear over a woe which is so extensive and complete as to challenge pity while inspiring Joy. One of the most preposterous state ments that have been made concern ing "dollar wheat" Is that credited to Assistant Secretary Brigham of the federal department of agriculture. We have not noticed any denial' of it, but it doesn't seem possible that It could have been deliberately made by Mr. Brigham, He Is quoted as declaring that the farmers this year will gain from $400, 000,000 to $500,000,000 over last year "for wheat" alone. IA order to make this pleasant gain the farmers would have to sell their whole crop for a dollar a bushel more than they got last year. As they got something last year, say anywhere from, 30 to 70 cents according to the time and place of selling, wheat will have to be much higher than It is now before any farmer will get a dol lar a- bushel more for his, and even if it does rise so that some farmers will get the extra dollar, much of the wheat is already sold at the present prices or less. Moreover, many millions of bushels will be eaten by the farmer or kept for seed. So It Is evident that the farmers will not gain anywhere near what Mr. Brigham is reported as saying they will. If they get $100,000, 000 or $150,000,000 more for their wheat than they did last year they will be doing well, and either of those sums is large enough to obviate any need of grosB exaggeration. It should also not be forgotten that the politics in "dollar wheat" can be overdone. By and by, when wheat is not "dollar," some of the fool talk which is now going the rounds will re act. AX JSl.QUITAHMC TAX. What many expected would happen has happened, and the Alien Labor Tax law of Pennsylvania has been declared unconstitutional by Judge Acheson of the United States District court at Pittsburg. This law provided that a tax of three cents per day should be levied on the labor of each unnatural ized male adult employed by any in dividual, firm or corporation in Penn sylvania, and employers were made re sponsible for its collection. The act in volved serious hardships for both era ployer and employe, and its enforce ment threatened so much confusion to local authorities that the commissioners of one of the western counties in the Stale resolved to obtain an opinion as. to its constitutionality before attempt ing to put it into general operation In passing upon the test case thus sub mined. Judge Acheson holds that the bill violates the equity clause of Uie Fourteenth amendment to the federal constitution, which is embodied In the first section, and is as follows: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the juris diction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, lib erty or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person within Its jurisdiction the equal protection of tha laws. Judge Acheson declares that the tax provided for in this measure would amount to an arbitrary deduction from the daily earnings of a particular class of persons, and that it would deprive them of the right to equal protection under the law. The bill was designed to protect native and naturalized citi zens against the labor competition of unnaturalized foreigners, but the method by which it was proposed to accomplish that object meant the de struction of a right of protection which the Constitution extends to all persons within the Jurisdiction of the govern ment, no matter whether they have ac quired citizenship or not. The real purpose aimed at in this enactment is to be executed in providing more rigor ous immigration laws. Once admitted to the country, aliens acquire certain general rights to protection and equity which ' cannot be taken from them by an arbitrary State enactment like that undertaken in Pennsylvania. If the decision of Judge Acheson is sustained the State of Pennsylvania will not have about $800,000 this year which it would have had if the law had worked. FASH IOX HOWS. Led by a Itlbbon String. There are going to be ribbons to it this winter to an extent that hasn't prevailed for many seasons. Many dresses already shown by exclusive makers suggests that Dame Fashion has us on a string, that string being some new and dainty sort of ribbon of which the manufacturers have put out a liberal supply. Indeed, there are so many of these fascinating bands that selection is not an easy task, but when the one that seems just right is chosen, the job is only just begun. For then comes study of the method of using them. Of course It Is more methodical to have the plan definitely settled be fore the purchase is made, but those new ribbons are so alluring, so sug gestive of new methods of adornment, that the best laid plans are likely to go awry In favor of some later thought. Pictured here Is a comparatively sim ple arrangement that was very pretty. The ribbon was black velvet, and the dress goods was apple green foulard figured with black and white. The bloused bodice fro it fastened In the center beneath a row of small bows each dotted with a tiny buckle. It had revers and collar of white silk finished with frills of white chiffon, the fitted sleeves had narrow ruffles at the shoul ders, and plain white chiffon gave chemisette and collar;, ' each trimmed with ribbon straps and buckles. The skirt had separate green taffetas lin ing. Dress Improvers are' to be worn with many of the new imported dresses and so it behooves the woman who is par ticular in such details and whose fig ure is lacking to get one. Carrying yourself carefully and going in for the right sort of xercise is one way of get ting one, but the more common way is to buy one. You cannot tell which method has been followed when the dress is In place, only the figure that is not artificially reinforced is likely to be shapely below the belt in front and to have a chest held high. The other sort of figure seems t3 have an "Im prover" that by no means improves hung In front below the belt, and is hollow at the chest and thrown for ward at the chin. FLORETTE. i:xnvm. Ruth I understand Percy Hlghllfe has stopped trying to trace back his family tree. I suppose the further back he went the harder it got? Freddy Yes and the further back he went the harder his ancestors got, too. Puck. Barnes Tormer This telegraphing without wires will be a great thing. Tighe Walker I don't see much in it. What we need Is a system of telegraph ing without money when a gentleman r.eeds a return ticket. Cincinnati En quirer. First CatWhat's the matter. Nellie? You look positively yellow this morn ing. Second Cat don't know, Thomas. 1 ate a canary bird this morning, and I am afraid it was a peroxide English span-owl Hew J'urk Press. Royal makes the food pure. wholesome and dellcloiM. Absolutely Puro , ROYAL DAKINO POWDER 10., NEW 5BK. There Is nothing in a name. Seth Low Is urged as a candidate for mayor of Greater New York because of his high character. On the other hand, Mr, High, a merchant of Atlanta, claims to sell at prices lower than anybody else in the town. Galveston News. Young Congressman Well, my dear. what do you think? I had the honor of being Interviewed this morning upon the leading topics of the day. His Wife Indeed! What did you say? Young Congressman I really can't tell until I see the morning paper. Richmond Dispatch. AVOldincr T?,slrs fllartvo 'P'Tnii'a m. ing to give us a check at the wedding, instead of a present, Tom. Tom All right; we'll have the cere mony at high noon then Instead of at o C10CK. Gladys Why, what for, dear? Tom Banks close at 3. Detroit Free Press. A MAD KING'S FREAKS. Some of Ludwig II.'s Ways of Amusing Himself. If Ludwig II., the young king of Ba varia, was mad, It was from excess of majesty. The monarch of one of the smallest kingdoms of the world, Ms opinion of himself was magnificent be yond all dreams of grandeur. .Ordinary people were not sufficiently exalted to be his companions; ordinary occupa tions afforded him no gratification; all the chateaus and palaces which he in herited when he came to the throne were squalid for one so great. Archi tecture and building were his ruling hobbles, and he was thus able to grat ify the one delusion by building mag nificent edifices; the second by occupy ing his time 1n the most extraordinary fashions, and the third byj shunning so ciety and escaping the inspection of ordinary eyes, either in his gorgeous retreats, or by retiring to one-of the more humble dwellings he erected on various mountain summits, where a few atendants awaited his unexpected vis its. Ludwlgs mania for solitude took the most unexpected twists. He enjoy ed his own company best on those oc casions when people whose minds are less phenomenally balanced consider companionship most essential. It was his fancy to have dramatic and musical performances for : himself alone. Un fortunate theatrical" managers and in dignant musical directors, not daring to resist the royal whim, were driven to waste their talent by providing en tertainments. The theater was dark ened, the orchestra, the chorus and the full dramatic company -were grudging ly provided, one and all detesting the work of putting forth their best efforts for the amusement of an empty house, save for the solitary figure sitting si lent and motionless in the shadow of the royal box. Music Ludwig loved, and many of his wildest extravagances and maddest acts of prodigality were due to the Influence of Wagner, his one friend and adviser. It was Wagner who prompted his most transcendent folly, the erection of a huge theater at Bayreuth for that composer's glorifica tion. One performance alone entailed an expenditure of 20,000, of which 15,000 was paid by the king, the rest being barely covered by the sale of tickets. Reared from his childhood amid the most enchanting scenery, Ludwig dear loved the lonely mountains and the si lent forests In which his possessions were so rich. Delighting to turn night into day, he would order his horses af ter dark, and the jingle of his sleigh hells and the big crack of the postil lions' whips would bring the peasantry to their bedroom casements to see a brilliant equipage flash by, a phantom that vanished In a whirl of snowdust, a dream of red and gold and blue and silver, and above the head of the silent occupant two crowns glowing with electric light. It was only the simple Inhabitants of the Bavarian Alps who ever caught a glimpse of these fairylike vehicles. The front of one was formed by a gigantic shell borne by Tritons, with little cuplds seated on its edge, whose tiny arms carried back wreaths to the royal occupant. The or namentation of another was so profuse that but three small spaces were left on the panels, and these were occupied by delicate mythological scenes painted by the hand of a famous Munich artist. The king's sleighs were never drawn by fewer than four horses. He appears to have been fond of these animals, whom he called his "dumb courtiers." Hut, like' everything else about him, they were compelled to suffer In order to gratify their master's fancies. Dur ing the winter of 1874 instructions were sent to the royal stables that the thirty beRt horses they contained were to be fed for several days on nothing but nats. The grooms imagined they were to be enteredi for a race. Though a blinding snowstorm was raging, Lud wig commanded some workmen to at once set about erecting a wooden tower In the forest adjoining his palace, and around this tower a gallery was to run. Finally, when his plans were matured, he stationed an orchestra of wind in struments near this erection, taking up his own position on the balcony. In the cornfields near he had scattered here and there drums, kettles, trumpets and soldiers. In an instant the most infernal hubbub broke forth. Each drummer vied with the others to beat louder, the trumpeters nearly burst their cheeks, there were powder explo sions, shrill whistles and the most dia bolical howls. The terrified horses broke their .fastenings. Mad with ter ror, they reared, wheeled, zigzagged: plunging and kicking, they galloped here and there; with blood-red nos trils and floating manes they bolted in all directions, in the jeopardy o the . si SAMP orchestra and the terror of the drums and kettles In the field's. One by one they disappeared over tha horizon, white with foam, still snorting and rolling their eyes. It was days before some of them were found, many were picked up enfeebled, still wild and terrified. Some had reached the mountains, others had penetrated the woods or become en gulfed in the marshes. His majesty, however, was well amused. The tricks Ludwig played on his horses he also Inflicted on his servants. Everyone about him was In danger of life and limb. He Injured at least thir ty persons, and one he killed. It is not to be forgotten, however, that he was mad and ought long before this to have been under medical charge. For some offences his attendants were confined In the dungeons of his castles; for others they were banished to America. One miserable' lackey was charged with looking too curiously at his eccentric master. For this he was compelled to wear a black mask over his face for a whole year. Another was simply , stu pid; he had a seal set on his forehead. The king himself paid reverent homage to a certain tree, and there was a hedge upon which he bestowed Ills benedic tion as he drove by. Pearson's Maga zine. PASTE GEMS arc not PRECIOUS STONES. Six to ten parts of gold, eighteen to twelve parts alloy does not make gold. Base Metal with a coating of Silver is not Silverware. J J J STERLING SILVER is not STERLING except it is 925-1000 lbs. Critical buyers recognize the difference be tween dry-goods Gold, dry goods Silver and dry-goods Gems and the quality J J obtained at THE j J GEORGE H. FORD CO. Hot Weather UNDERWEAR. All grades and prices. Ladies' Belts and Golfing Ties at just half price. Chase & Company, New Haven House Building. mem. IIPORTIM TAILOR. 63 CENTER STREET, NEW HAVEN. L. W. ROBINSON, ARCHITECT Removed to No. 760 Chapel Street. Superior Office Desks are made by the Derby Desk Co. We sell the "Derby Desk." We sell other desks 'but there's a special something about the "Derby Desk that irresistibly appeals to the methodical business man Every prospective list of new Office Furnitu should contain a "Derby Desk. If you believe some other desk will do as well, there's time enough to buy it after you've seen Thi Derby Desjc. Sellers of good furniture. Strangers to poor furniture. Orange and Crown Streets. tTJf- MM- SCHOOL SUPPLIES Taking advantage of a manufactur er's anxiety to sell, long before the advance in prices, we bought big stocks ot the best supplies to be had -and offer them at the following little prices: Automatic Lead Pencil 1 C eacl1 Cedar Lead Pencils 1 c doz. Perfection Lead Pencils, rubber tips 5c dor. Fine Highly Polished Lead Pencils, with eraser 1 Qc doz. 1 c ea- Arrow Lead Pencils, graded for draw ing i Oc doz. 1 c Automatic Lead Pencils, with one box lead extra 5c Standard Lead Pencils with patent sharpener . . 4c Slate Pencils. . - ' ,', ' : Pencil Sharpeners - , lc 8c 8c 10c 25c 10c Ever Ready Pencil Sharpeners Automatic Compasses Rose Pen Wipers Sheep Pen Wipers Transparent Slates, 8xio Book Slates 3 leaves 3c A leaves 5c . 4 leaves, large size 9c Composition Books. Extra quality paper, 7a leaves 5 c " " duck covered, 60 leaves 5c Quarto bound, 60 leaves 7c Demy quarto, board covers, 24 leaves 3 c " " " 48 " 6c ,vCrown Quarto, duck Russia corners, 72 leaves -J 7c Drawing Books, interlaid, board cov- rs, 12 leaves 4c Writine Tablets. Ulster Linen, 3 sizes, ruled and plain 5c Sovereign, 3 sizes, Plaited Linen and Bond Paper 9c F. M. BROWN & CO. K0AL. am now delivering Koal In bags and carried Into the cellar direct from wagon. Avoid ail dirt and buy of W. F. GILBERT, 65 Church St., opp. Postoffloe, 81 Railroad Ave. No Advance ON THB PRICES OP OCR CARPET STOCK, ALTHOUGH THE LARGEST MILLS IN THB COUNTRY HAVE MADE LARGE ADVANCES IN PRICE. YOUR SUMMER BUYING WILL SAVE YOU MONEY, AS IT WILL BE IMPOSSIBLE TO SELL GOODS AT THE PRESENT PRI CES WHEN THE STOCK ON OUR SHELVES HAS TO BE RE PLACED. IP YOU WISH GOODS PUR CHASED NOW STORED UNTIL FALL, WB WILL DO SO FREE OF CHARGE. HAVE YOU SEEN OUR RUFFLED FISH NET CURTAINS AT $1-40 PER PAIR THEY ARE great Value. 68, 70, 72 Orange Street. CLOSED SATURDAYS AT NOON. Plumbing and Gasfitting ' J. 11. Buckley, 179 Church St ..........tk.9CANSLt, Champion Plate Paper " 5C Counting House Scratch Pads, 1 0t doz. i c each Pencil Pads, illuminated covers, 30 leaves lc 80 leaves 2c aoo leaves 4c' 1 Gilt edge Artist's Crayons, 12 in box 4c Artist's Crayons, 5 colors in box -J c White Crayon, 100 in box ' - 6C Colored Slate Crayons " -J c box Extra quality Col'd Crayons, 4 in box 3 c Cotton Felt Black Board Erasers 4 c Common Sense Slate Cleaner 3 c Slate Sponges ' 1 c Gem Spelling Blanks 5c Kindergarten Panorama with box of 12 colored crayons 10C Lead Pencil Cases.1 Lithographed top, lock and key Large variety , ) Hardwood, lock and key -; Wood Inlaid, fitted, lock and key' 5C IOC 25c 15C Combination Ink and Pencil'Erasers, polished wood centers J c each' Large Rubber Pencil Erasers 1c, 2c, 3c j - . I WW . I v " " with pen lOc doz.' 1c e. V Rulers, hard wood, 12 inch fc " " extra, heavy 3 c Leather Book Straps 3c . Pocket Pencil Compass . , 8c School Pencil and Compass ' 4c Fountain Pens 7c Steel Writing Pens ' 3- 4ot. MalioiieFBoilers, Steam i Hot Water ARB f' Celf Contained, requiring no Drlok setting, W Hnout GeBkets or Packing, and arethu alwavi tight. ' lave Vertical Water Ways, giving trwi olroula lion, large Direct Fire Surface, using the .. radiant heat of the lire. SUctssnris in use and all giving satisfaction. SHEAHAN & GROARK, fleam Fitters and Plumbers. Telephone 401-8 2tio ana ze state street STORAGE. Furniture, Pianos, Pictures; Merchandise Carriages, etc. Lowest rates and; safety . guaranteed. Goods packed and shipped to all parts of the world ; by experienced handlers. SIEDLEY BROS. - & 00., 313 State Street. 171 Brewery Street. WHEN A MAN Tells yon all Laundries are alike, let bliri try THE POND LILY. We are not like any other laundry on earth, for the reason that we do not rely on what some other fellow telli us as to how to do our work, In other word we thiuk for ourselves. Another reason Is that WE have a laun dry that Is complete in every detail. We would be pleased to have yoa call and In- spect our Laundry on Wednesday or Thurs day. Take the Edgewood Avenue Cars. They come to our door.. COATS. PANTS. VESTS. DRESSES. RIBBONS, LACES, GLOVES, Dyed or Cleaned. CARPETS, RUGS, PORTIERES, SPREADS, BLANKETS. LACE CURTAINS, Cleaned and Reflnished. THE POND LILY CO., No. 123 Church Street, Telephone.