NEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COl'JUFlt, FBJPAY, OCTOBER I), 1897
JViiK iiArus, cosx.
THE OLDEST DAILY PAPER PUB.
I.IKIIKI) IN CONNKCTICUT.
UK II li.lv 4.1 .y(
Tamil' ThnrnflwT. On Onllii, a Yflnr.
fXilii (JAKK1JMUXON t UiSLlSHING CO.
Office 400 Statu Street.
DjtUVLHKD BY CARltlEUS IN TUB CITY, 15
Cents a Week, 50 Cents a Month, $3 foii
Six Months, JS a i'tAit. The Same Teums
Situations, Wants, Kent a, and other email
advflrtlSPinents, Ona Cent a Word Bch In.
kertlon. Five Ceuts a Word for a full week
Display advertisements, per lnen, one In
sertion. $1.20: each sill-sequent Insertion. 40
ceutu; one week, $3.20; one month. $10;
one year. $40.
Obituary Notices, In prose or Terse, la
rents per line. Notices of Births. Mar
rlaws, Deaths and Funerals. 50 cents cacn.
Loral Notices 15 ceuts per line.
Yearly advertisers are limited to their
own Immediate business (all mutter to be
unobjectionable), and their contracts do not
Include Wants. To Let. For Sale, eta
A young woman In Worcester, Engr
land, has just died from eating wax
candles to improve her complexion. She
didn't improve it.
The yellow fever scourge has already
cost New Orleans twenty millions, and
it will cost much more. It would not
jiave cost that much this year to keep
. the city clean.
New York is about completing the
first pneumatic tube system of any size
in this country. We are away behind
Europe in this matter, though we lead
the world in the matter of electric rail
roads. Some of the large cities of Eu
rope, such as London, Liverpool, Bir
mingham, Paris, and Berlin, have been
provided with pneumatic tubes for
messages for forty years, and they car
ry an immense business.
Bohemian sportsmen during the year
1895 shot and killed fifty men, women
and children, and wounded 2,014 per
sons, chiefly gamekeepers. They also
Wiled, among other game, over 15,000
flogs, 8,762 cats, 2 horses, 15 cows, 132
calves, 276 goats and 129 sheep. For
this they had, to pay collectively over
$500,000 for doctors, fines and indemni
ties, and to spend 74,388 days in jail.
The Austrian government collects the
Her young man dropped dead just
before the wedding day; the' sudden
shock killed her mother; her sister died
on the way to the funeral, and her
brother then committed suicide. These
troubles upset a London young woman,
and she tried to drown herself. The
"magistrate before ' whom she was
brought, however, told her that "she
had allowed herself to get into a very
morbid state," and had acted very fool
ishly and childishly.
There is municipal control of the
waterworks of Pittsburg:, and it is re
corded that for nearly twenty years the
city of Pittsburg has gone on pumping
fully two-thirds of its water supply to
twice the height necessary to send it to
the consumers on the lower levels. It
has at length reached the stage of rem
edying this waste of one-third of its
power by building a low-level reser
voir. Can any one doubt that private
enterprise, to which economy and profit
were a vital necessity, would have stop
ped that waste long before it reached
a total of nearly $1,000,000, by putting
in a $100,000 standpipe?
This is New York city's new ordi
nance regulating the use of lamps on
vehicles and bicycles: Hereafter, each
anS-ftvery bicycle, light wagon or wag
ons notused for the delivery of goods,
also vehictesLused for the carrying of
passengers exclusively, using the pub
lic streets or htghways of this city,
shall show from one "hour after sunset
until one hour before sunris, a light
or lights, so placed as to tie seen" from
the front and each side, such light or
lights to have sufficient illuminating
power to he visible at a distance of two
hundred feet, said light or lights to
Bhow white in front and colored on the
- According to the Kansas City Journal
this is how Mrs. Lease went into poli
tics: In 1890 the Farmers' Alliance
sprang into existence, and Mrs. Lease
wanted her husband to join the move
ment and become a politician. But he
declared that he was not of the stuff of
which politicians are made,' and sug
gested that she go into it herself and
leave him in peace. "Mrs. Lease had
never thought of entering politics, but
she consented to try it. How, whe
and where to get the first speech off
was the puzzle. Finally a neighbor,
Dixon, was taken into the deal, and he
arranged it so that Mrs. Lease could
appear before the next Farmers' Al
liance county convention and make a
talk. She was there on the appointed
day, and as soon as her name was men
tioned she rose and made a bee-line to
the stage. Her maiden speech, they
say, was a stemwinder. She was the
sensation of the hour, and before that
campaign was over Mrs. Lease was the
best advertised politician in Kansas."
The increased expenditure for free
traveling libraries, authorized by the
"Wisconsin legislature, is justified by
results, -the Milwaukee Sentinel re
ports. State expenditure in this direc
tion is augmented largely by private
aid, and there are few counties in the
State not now - provided with one of
these traveling libraries, which not only
eatisfy to a degree the demand for
vho!esome literature, but create a pub-
11c interest, which la apt to result In the
establishment of larg-er local libraries.
When the libraries were ' started on
their rounds in the State they were
made up in the proportion of three
fourths for adults and one-fourth fur
children. Later the proportion for
children were increased to 44 per cent.,
but that did not sllonce the request
for more books for children, and an In
quiry showed that in many of the fam
ilies the young people, who are eager
patrons of the scheme, were the only
ones able to read English. This is good
evidence that the traveling libraries in
Wisconsin are filling their mission.
a vo ui'itoMii:.
Eighteen hundred is leas than forty
two hundred, and the diminution of the
gorgeous advertising bills from forty-two-
hundred to eighteen hundred is
quite a saving for the city. The three
papers that had the advertising gener
ously consented to cut down their bills
to six hundred each, and the board of
finance generously voted to approve the
bills at that figure, though it had pre
viously named five hundred as the
amount it was willing to allow each
paper. But a hundred Isn't much in a
matter of that kind, and it gets a
troublesome thing out of the way.
Well, publicity and free discussion do
some good sometimes, m tms case
they have saved the city twenty-four
hundred dollars and made an impres
sive object-lesson for future reference
KICK Flt IIAPI'X CoVVI.ES,
One of the pleasing concomitants of
weddings that are not too auiet is the
throwing of much rice at "the happy
couple." The rice-throwing is done
with much hilarity, and some accuracy,
and adds greatly to the happiness of
the happy couple, especially If some
grains get in the eyes or down the necks
thereof. It also makes a nice litter for
somebody to sweep up. The pleasing
custom of rice-throwing at brides and
bridegrooms has made so much trouble
in the cars and on the platforms of one
big railroad in this country that it has
been forbidden by the company. And
occasionally there are protests from in
dividuals who do not rejoice in it. An
interesting argument against it is made
by the Rev. G. h. Cameron, of Birming.
ham, England, who remarks that about
two pounds of rice are thrown at the
brides and bridegrooms every week at
each of the seventy-five churches in
Birmingham and its suburbs, and the
two tons of rice thus thrown away and
absolutely wasted last year might have
been of very great use in feeding the
recently famine-stricken people of In
dia. There are over twenty thousand
places of worship in England, and, if
Mr. Cameron's estimate be true for the
other churehes of, the country, then it
follows that nearly nine hundred tons
of rice are yearly thrown away at wed
dings In that country, and wasted, at a
cost of over $20,000. V
Of course in a great and rich country
like this we needn't consider the eco
nomical side of 'the matter. We have
money to burn and rice to throw away
at weddings. We can do this and still
help starving people in India or any
other country. But there is a question
about the good taste of keeping up such
a custom, which might have been well
enough when people didn't conceal their
thoughts as much as they do now. ,
AN VKGEXII i: HIST.
During the last year or two the prac
tice of shipping currency in registered
mail packages has been extensively
adopted not only by business men, but
by banks and other financial institu
tions.. The system Is cheap, simple,
speedy, and, as a rule, safe, and its
use has -undoubtedly resulted in a con
siderable saving in the cost of trans
mission. But the disappearance of a
registered mail package containing $14,
0O0,vw.hile in transit from Denver to
Chicago has called attention to the
risk in such shipment. The government
assumes no liability for the value of the
contents of a registered package. It
undertakes only to exercise exceptional
care in transmitting mail matter of
that class, giving and taking receipts
for it, and keeping a record so that its
progress from consignor to consignee
may be accurately traced or the point
at which it went astray be clearly lo
cated. For the losses resulting from
dishonesty, fire, accident or any other
breakdown of the system, the govern
ment takes no responsibility .whatever,
so that in case the missing $14,000 pack
age' should never be recovered the loss
, would fall upon one or the other of the
parties to the shipment. All that the
postal authorities could do would be to
trace the package as far as possible
and punish the persons who might be
proved guilty of criminal conduct in
causing its disappearance.
Of course money sent by express or
by special messenger is sometimes lost,
but there are safer ways of sending
large amounts of money than by regist
311 IK IS LIFE.
The sanitary scientists make some
large claims for the efficiency of their
work, and it Is not to be denied that
there- are impressive facts which seem
to support those claims. For instance,
Dr. Louis Parkes, in a lecture in lion
don the other day, told what he thought
sanitary science had done towards the
preservation or prolongation of human
life in Great Britain during the Victo
ria era. He showed that the mortality
from smallpox had diminished by 96 per
cent, in 1S91-5 us compared with the
mortality in IS3S-42. In the same period
the deaths from fever had declined
per cent.; while since 1871-75 there
had been a decrease of 95 per cent, in
the mortality from typhus, and of 60
per cent, from enteric fever. Since
1861-5 the mortality from scarlet fever
had fallen SI per cent., although that
from diphtheria had risen in recent
years and was now about the same as
it was thirty years ago. In zymotic
diseases there had been a decrease of
24 per cent., and fn measles of 21 per
cent., though epidemics of measles and
whooping cough were as common as
when the Queen came to the throne.
In phthisis the mortality had fallen 46
per cent., though it was still high. Can
cerous diseases, on tho other hand,
would appear to have increased, nor
was the whole of the Increase attribut
able to more precise diagnosis. Ague
had been nearly eradicated owing to
the better cultivation of the soil. Only
those who died from acute alcoholism
were returned as having died from the
effects of drink, yet the deaths from
that cause were as numerous as they
were twenty or thirty years ago. The
general effect, he said, of improvement
in sanitation was that 600,000 persons
reached the age of twenty-one who
would have died at the beginning of the
Queen's reign. It must not be sup
posed, however, that the population
had grown so much faster. As a mat
ter of fact it had not increased so rap
idly owing to the lowering of the birth
rate. It was curious also to note that
the expectation of life diminished in
males after twenty-six years of age,
and In females after forty-four years
of age. .'' ; .
For Travel and the Promenade.
Here is a traveling gown of the sort
that elaborate dresses reserve exclu
sively for journeying, but which for
the majority of women would do fine
service also as a street dress. Of navy
blue woolen goods, its skirt was inside
pleats tacked down and mounted on a
blue taffeta foundation. The jacket
bodice had a short basque and was per
fectly fitted, opening in front over a
vest of white China silk adorned with
three knife pleated ruffles of the same
Bilk. .The revers of blue stuff,, formed
a round collar in back, were held down
by straps of the goods and pearl but-
tons and were supplemented with
white silk revers and collar. A silk
belt confined the waist. Without loss
of beauty, white cloth could replace
the white silk, and a further reduction
of the outlay necessitated by this dress
could be effected by omitting the silk
The correct walking glove at the mo
ment is dressed kid that is, kid glace
stone gray and self stitched. . The cor
rect glove for tailor gowns is white
pique or a light gray, .preferably the
latter. For evening or reception pale,
but not pearl, gray glace with three
buttons and uncut wrist above the but
tons. A very swagger rought walking
glove is made with uncut loose wrists,
loose all over and of gray suede almost
as heavy as the white castor we have
been wearing this summer a-yachting.
Real tortoise ; side and pompadous
combs are selling for half what they
used to because the latest fad in combs
is solid gold, the teeth fine and long,
the too very heavy and rounded. All
filagree effects are voted common. Gold
Is nice, but nothing can make tortoise
in a good piece of shell and simple de
sign less than beautiful, so if you can
not have gold don't mind but profit by
the reduction in shell. Silver combs
made like the gold ones will also be
worn, and a few are already shown
with jewels sunk deeply along the top.
The day of light weight, tawdry combs
is gone. A complete set of combs, in
cluding long ones for the side, a curved
one for the pompadour, a short curved
one for the back of the hair under the
coil, and one or two odd sizes to push
in anywhere. FLORETTE.
WOOO I II.
Religious Party "M-m-my b-b-boy,
aren't y-y-you ash-sh-shamed of u-u-using
such 1-1-language?" Small Boy
"Aw, say! Git rubber tires on dat an'
it'll go smooder!" Truth.
Boarder (warmly) "Oh, I'm knowing
to the tricks of your trade. Do you
think I have lived in boarding-houses
twenty years for nothing?" Landlady
(frigidly) "I shouldn't be at all sur
prised." Detroit Journal.
Little boy (pointing to the shop win
dow) "What's them?" Mother "Those
are diving suits, made all of rubber, so
that the diver shall not get wet." Lit
tle boy "I wish I had one." Mother
"Why what for, my dear?" Little
boy "To wear when you wash me."
Casey "I called wan av thim doods a
liar and he says to me. says he, 'Tu
quoque.' Now fwat might that mean?"
Walade "It mans you are another."
"Fwat! An I let um get away widout
hittin' um; ah, that is fwat a man gits
for havin' no education." Cincinnati
First Passenger "Would you ah
lend me your spectacles a moment,
Second Passenger Certainly, sir."
First Passenger "Ah thank yu!
now, as you cannot see to read your
paper, would you mind letting me have
it, please?" Tit-Bits.
The One Thing Needed. "I am glad,"
said the ardent patriot, "that the Rus
sian flag no longer floats over Alaska."
"So am I," replied the man who wants
to go, but is afraid. "Now, if they
could only get rid of tho cold-wave flag,
the country would be all right."
Milllcent "How long did your trip to
Rome occupy?" Madeline "Oh, a week
altogether there and back." Milllcent
"And you saw everything?" Made
line "Oh, yes; you see, there were
three of us. Mother went to the pic
ture galleries, I examined the monu
ments, and father studied local color in
the cafes." Tit-Bits.
Practical Training "No, Herbert,"
she said to her husband, as he arose
from the table, "I don't advise you to
go to Alaska. I doubt .very much
whether fortunes are so easily secured
there as we have been led to believe.
At the same time, I am convinced that
the experience would be valuable to
most men." "In what way?" "It
would teach them not to find fault with
their breakfasts." Washington Star.
Willie and Johnny set up a lemonade
stand the other day, and a gentleman
was their first patron. Willie's sign
read: "Four cents a glass." Johnny's
modest announcement was: "Two
cents a glass." Being a man with an
eye to the fact that "a penny saved is
a penny earned," the customer bought
a glass of Johnny's lemonade, paid the
two cents due and casually inquired:
"Why is yours cheaper than your
" 'Cos mine Is the lemonade that the
puppy fell into," San Francisco Argonaut.
A FRIEND OF TOLSTOI.
M. Tchertkoffon tr.e Russian Ref ormer's
Private Life. ,
The room in which our interview took
place was plainly that of an ascetic.
The house stood in its own grounds, in
one of the prettiest parts of Croydon.
But the inside was very dirterent from
the conventional interiors of its neigh
bors. The stairs were carpetless, and
the room where we sat was monkish in
its simplicity. An iron bedstead occu
pied one corner; the floor was uncov
ered, even by a rug. The few articles
of furniture were all of the plainest
wood, unpalnted and unvarnished.
Near the window were two big deal
tables containing in orderly array a
number of Russian and English books
and papers. Before one of the tables
sat M. Tchertkoff, a tall, bearded.young
looking' man, attired in a shapeless
moujlk's smock, yet with the irremov
able stamp of the Russian aristocrat
upon him. Some members of our for
eign office will remember M. Tchertkoff
as a brilliant and fashionable young of
ficer of the Russian Guards, who spent
some time in London eighteen years
ago as a member of .the suite of his
uncle, Count Schouvaloff, who was then
Russian ambassador here. Since fiat
time his life has greatly altered. Like
another of his uncles, M. Paschkoff, the
leader of the Russian Evangelicals, he
tired of fashion and society, resigned
his commission and' threw in his lot
with the poor. Elndlng in Tolstoi one
of like mind, he ' became his helper,
working ardently to spread the knowl
edge of, and to prove the practicability
of, the Christian teaching as expressed
in Tolstoi's writings. Recently, in con
sequence of this and of an endeavor he
made to induce the young emperor to
check the persecuting zeal of M. Pobe
donostseff, the reformer was exiled
from Russla.hence his presence in Croy
"What truth is there, M. Tchertkoff,"
I asked, "In the rumors that have re
cently been circulated that the czar in
tends to exile Tolstoi?" :
"The rumors are not apparently true,
and they have probably aiisen because
proceedings have been taken against
some of Tolstoi's friends. But the em
peror has no Intention of exiling Tol
stoi's friends, probably thinking that if
this were done it would immensely in
crease his influence and lead people to
look on him as a martyr. Tolstoi has
requested the authorities to proceed
against him. His books, as you prob
ably know, are not allowed to be cir
culated in Russia, although they are
largely read there In manuscript and In
printed copies that are smuggled In.
Some time ago a wdrking man in one of
the large Russian towns wrote to Tol
stoi asking where he could see copies of
some of his works. When the working
man had sent a third letter of inquiry
Tolstoi remembered that in that town
there was a young woman physician,
not a revolutionist by any means, but
who had some copies of his works. He
wrote to the man, telling him that if he
called on this lady she would probably
be able to show him what he wanted.
The letter was opened by the police be
fore it reached the lady, and they ar
rested her and threw her into prison.
She had been in prison before for a
short time on account of another kind
of error on the part of the government,
and, being of a weak and very nervous
temperatment, became hysterical, would
hurl herself against the walls of her
cell, and was brought almost to the
point of madness. This, ' having pre
viously been the case, made Tolstoi es
pecially anxious for her, and he wrote
to two of the ministers, asking why
people who had his books should be
punished, while he, the author of the
books, was allowed to go free. If his
books were regarded as harmful, why
did they not punish him? But the au
thorities made no response."
TOLSTOI'S PRIVATE LIFE.
"It is sometimes said, M. Tchertkoff,
that Tolstoi, while preaching simplicity,
and poverty, lives in the utmost luxu
ry is that true?"
"I know the rumor, for it is freely re
peated all over Russia But to under
stand the truth you must be acquainted
with Tolstoi's most private and inti
mate affairs. He is not alone; he is a
married man; he married when he
thought very differently on social ques
tions to what he does now, and hia wife
does not at all share his social views.
He prefers simplicity, but he feels that
it would be unjust for him to force his
family to live in the way that he thinks
best. He handed the bulk of his prop
erty over to his wife many years ago,
but even if he had not done so she
could, if she wished, easily have obtain
ed from the authorities an order to this
effect. His wife maintains her house
in the ordinary style of Russians of her
class, but to Tolstoi all this luxury is
abhorent and painful. He takes no
personal share In It, and lives as a
guest in the house of his wife; although
he may sit at the dinner table, on which
there are many Viands, he confines him
self to his own simple vegetarian diet;
he does everything for himself; he
cleans hla own room, and employs no
servant to wait upon him."
"Pardon the Interruption, M. Tchert
koff, but does he really keep his room
clean and tidy?"
"Well, perhaps if you saw the room
you would say that It did not look as
tidy as one might like Tolstoi has not
the spirit of tidiness, and does not
trouble to have all his things nicely ar
ranged, as many of us prefer; but that,
of course, Is a matter of tempera
ment." "Does .he still engage in manual
"Yes. Having no farm of his own, he
cannot till his own soil, so he goes and
helps his poorer neighbors to plough
the land and sow their seed. He also
employs himself in bootmaking, and
can put together a pair of shoes. Then
he engages in chopping wood for the
stoves, and woodchopping for a Rus
sian fire is very different from what
you do here, for wood is used in Russia
in considerable quantities for fuel. In
various other ways he works with his
hands. He also gives several hours
each day to writing."
"Are his family altogether out of
sympathy with him?"
"By no means. They all feel for him
a very deep affection, as it is hardly
possible for any one to know him with
out doing. His two oldest daughters,
especially, share his views and help him
largely in copying out his work and Jn
answering his correspondence. Of
course, he does not employ any paid
secretary or copyist, as that would be
quite contrary to his negative attitude
toward money and hired labor." Lon
don Daily News.
purchased of .
GEORGE H. FORD COMPANY
is genuine. Thatgoes
without paying. Their
stock is replete with
artistic pieces and carefully
selected, the same good
taste being displayed in
the purchase of their
smaller articles as in the
larger and more expensive
pieces, 'j ! & &
It's about time now to get out the
corn-poppers. A little hot pop corn
tastes very well on a cool night, and
corn candy goes even bettor. And, by
tltei way, that food chopper of ours
will grind up pop corn just right for
making Into candy. But suppose you
haven't a corn-popper? That's easily
remedied we have loads of them.
THREE SIZES small, medium and
' ' large.
PltlCES 10 cents, 25 cents, GO
cents.. . i .
754GHVEL St.,- 320 taje t;
63 CENTER STREET,
makes the difference in
paintings, be they portrait or
landscape. Lovers of art have
no difficulty in identifying
masterpieces of art.
Lovers of fine furniture
just as easily identify and
choose the products of Nelson
& Matter, or Berkey & Gay,
Ours is the only gallery of
their goods in New Haven.
Dining Rooms are just
how receiving a large share of
attention. And we are receiv
ing a large share of trade from
customers who desire Side
. boards, Tables, Chairs, etc.
that never become ugly and
Sellers of good furniture.
Strangers to poor furniture.
Orange and Crown Streets.
QWi " ill" TiT' TiHn ffif" ! iF film i MilfJ Jrtir "nTfw"'iiiiF H" immr' fl""""" J
THS CENTRE OF SAVING, GREATER
200 yds. double warp All Silk
Surah in black,
300 yds. Black Faille, all pure
Silk; worth 75c, J.Q
350 yds. Black Satin Duch
esse, all silk, flJQr
79c value, Otv
400 yds'. Black Gros Grain
Silk, worth 79c, f q
200 yds. Black AH SilkPeau
de Soiei worth 89c glQ
1 50 vds. 24-inch Heavy Black
All Silk Gros G rain ja n
worth SI. 00, t
150 yds. 25-inch Black Satin
worthS 1.50 fOL
ment is. It keeps
out the cold, it
cians send us many buyers. J
F. M. BROWN & CO.
WHY DO WE
Sell More Furnaces Than Any Other House ?
BECAUSE .' ;'( "
; ist We have the Best Furnaces made.
2d It is Powerful and Economical. ? , ,
3d It is Simple in Construction, therefore long lived.
4th We use nothing but the best materials.
5th We have a corps of experienced men who do no
thing but furnace work. .
6th Our price is low for the high quality of work
Let us figure on your heating. A catalogue for the asking.
The Celebrated ROYAL FURNACE is sold only by
HENRY H. GUERNSEY, 6 Church St.
Open Every Evening. Telephone 852-3. ,
am now delivering Kcal in bags and carried Into tho
cellar direct Irom wagon. Avoid all
dirt and buy of
W. F. GILBERT,
65 Church. St., opp. Postoffice, 81 Railroad Ave.
NEW HAVEN'S GREATEST STORE.
are buying here this
week! Our Silk supply
doesn't depend upon oc
casional purchases ! 1 i'.
There are lengths and
breadths of exquisitely
beautful Silks here, more
beautiful than .were ever
shown in this city at
Prices So Low
that ladies are laying in
rtock for the future.
375 yds. Brocade Gros Grain
Silk, worth Si. 50,
175 yds. 24-inch Black Bro
cade 1 atteta, ;
3 pes. Black Brocade Moire
S 1.50 value
10 pes. Colored Figured Taf
fetas in all the latest de
. signsforwaists and gowns
19 pes. Fancy Silks Jacquard
Brocades, Roman stripes,
Tartan Plaids for waists
and gowns all pure silk,
worth 89c, 69C
No dye, no irritating kinks about it
a soft and silky fleece, that is
what a "
' - keeps the body at a normal heat, it ab
sorbs the perspiration prpperly.
It comes in a variety of garments
for men, women and children.
Suppose you examine them ?
are the sole agents here for I
this Underwear, and New Haven physi
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