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NEW HAVEN MOKNIKQ JOURNAL AND COURIER, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 24. 1897.
CUSTOMS OF THE COLOSSI'S rKCVZlAll MAXXtSKH AXU WAYS OF UHE SEFJiXTJiKXTII CKXl'Vltt. Intorentliii- I'apnr Kend Bofnro Bridgeport Chapter, D. A. It., by Mlsa Mary Ontxlsoll --TUe Karly Southern Planter Hutch. Gninca and Parltnu Primness Sniitclios of Ancient Poems. The following excellent paper was read before a meeting of the local chap ter of the D. A. R- In the Historical so ciety rooms, Barnum Institute, Bridge port, on Monday, December 13, by Miss Mary Goodsell: The colonies along the Atlantic coast were classified in the following three groups: Southern, Middle and New England colonies; and the states of to day still retain this classification. These three divisions, differing in cli mate, in soil, In the productions o the country In fact, in almost every phy sical condition, differing in the charac ter of the people that settled and built them up, would, as a natural conse quence, differ in their manners and cus toms after fifty or seventy-five years' habitation here. " In the south, therefore, there were few villages. "The plantations were strung along the streams, often miles apart, and separated by dense for ests." These latter were like little vil lages In themselves, for the planter had among his servants carpenters, plumbers and other tradesmen neces sary to keep the plantation in a good condition. Then he traded directly with Kngland and the other foreign countries; for this reason It was that the plantations were nearly all situat ed on the large streams so as to admit the trading vessels. These southern planters, resembling in dress, man ners and political thought the English ,couhtry gentlemen of their tim, have been styled the "Colonial Cavaliers." But the life of both -men and women was exceedingly monotonous; the chief charge of the former being his planta tion and negroes and that of the latter the superintendence of her domestic affairs. There was a keen sense of hon or among them and great pride of an cestry. Some glowing accounts 6f life In these "baronial halls," with their great open fireplaces, rich furnishings Imported from England, crowds of ne gro lackeys, bounteous larders and a general air of crude splendor have come down to us in the journals of pre-Revolutlonary travelers. But the wealth of the large planters was more apparent than real. Their wasteful ag ricultural and business methods fos tered a speculative spirit; their habits were reckless, their tastes expensive and their hospitality ruinous; they were greatly steeped in debt and bank ruptcy was frequent. The middle colonies, which come next In order, include, besides Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey, the one which has since become the most im portant state in the Union New York. New Netherland it was called during the years that the Dutch held posses sion, but when in 1664 it fell into the hands of the -English the name was changed to the one it now bears. But even in 1700 the Dutch were still the largest land owners; they adhered to the old dress and customs with re markable tenacity. Their houses were usually of wood, with the second story overhanging; the great rafters showed In the ceiling; the windows were mere loopholes; the front door was divided into upper and lower half, and over it. like a transom, were set two round bull's eyes of heavy greenish glass; often there was a knocker of brass or iron and as a rule these doors opened with a latch; the fireplaces were or namented With pictures tiles and above were rows of wooden and pew ter plates, Delft dishes, and even red earthen "Portuguese ware" and racks of long tobacco pipes; the floors were 'daily scrubbed and sanded; and evi dences of neatness and thrift were dis tinguishing features. Among the fur nishings of these Dutch homes was a most peculiar bedstead. Built Into the wall, it was soarcely more than a bench to hold the bedding. In appear- ance it was like a cuphoard, had doors which closed over it when unoccupied and shut it from view. "Jan Peek, the founder of Peekskill, had four of these 'betstes' in his country home, as certainly were needed by a man who had so he said 'a house full of chil dren and more besides.' " A curious holiday custom and cruel was that practiced by the Dutch on Shrove Tuesday pulling the goose, it was called. "The thoroughly greased goose was hung between two poles, and the effort of the sport was to catch, snatch away and hold fast the poor creature while passing at great speed." But this was prohibited in Al bany in 1677 under a fine of twenty five guilders. There was a most extraordinary ob servance of St. Valentine's day, or as among the Dutch it was called Vrou ,o rtao-K "Rvprv vounsr erirl sallied forth in the morning armed with a heavy cord with knotted end. She gave to every young man she met several smart lashes with the knotted cord. Perhaps these were 'love-taps,' and given with no intent of stinging. This custom, as Sir Thomas Brown thinks, may be a commemorative survival of an event in the life of St. Valentine, that about the year 270 he was first beaten with heavy clubs and then be headed." One more holiday custom deserves to be mentioned, as it was a distinctively American custom, that of Pinkster day. Pinkster is derived from the Dutch word for Pentecost. Munsell gives the following account: "Pinkster was a great day, a gala day, or rather week, or they used to keep it up a week among the darkies. The dances were the original Congo dances as danced in their native Afri ca. They had a chief Old King Char ley. The old settlers said Charley was a "prince in his own country. On these festivals old Charles was dressed in a strange and fantastical costume. As a "eneral thing the music consisted of a sort of drum, or instrument construct ed out of a box with sheepskin heads, upon which he did most of the play ing, accompanied by singing some Queer African air, like 'Hi-a-bomba-bomba-bomba.' Charley generally led off the dance, when the Sambos and Phillises. juvenile and antiquated, would put in the double-shuffle heel-nnd-loe breakdown. These festivals seldom failed to attract large crowds from the city, as well as from the rural districts." Tick-tucking, a complicated kind ot back-gammon, played with both men and pegs, was a favorite game; also trock. A trock tabic was very much like a pool table; on it was an ivory bull, which was struck under a wire wicket with a cue. Trock was also played on the ground "a seventeenth century modification of croquet." A strange form of punishment and one that calls to mind the ancient Greeks and Trojans was that of riding the wooden horse. Soldiers who at this time were quartered ,in New Amster dam were forced, as punishment for rioting or drinking, to ride this wooden structure which stood twelve feet high. "Garret Segersen, for stealing chickens, rode the wooden horse for three days with a fifty pound weight tied to each foot. Another culprit rode with an empty scabbard in one hand and a pitcher In the other to show his inordi nate love for John Barleycorn." But one of the most frequent crimes was that of slander. There are many records of these petty suits and this is Bne that seems especially Interesting; it was the suit brought by "Domine Bogardus and his wife, the posthu mously famous Anneke Jans, against Grietje von Salee, a woman of very dingy reputation, who told in New Amsterdam, that the dominie's wife Mistress Anneke, had lifted her petti coats In unseemly and extreme fash Ion when crossing a muddy street. This was proved to be false and the evi dence adduced was so destructive of Grietje's character that she stands, dis graced forever in history as the worst woman in New Netherland.'! A marriage custom which was in vogue in those colonial days was that of bride-visiting. Here is a pretty pic ture of a bride-visiting in spring-time on Long Island: "The fair bride, with her happy husband,, the gayly dressed bridesmaids, in silken petticoats, and high-heeled scarlet shoes, with rolled and powdered hair dressed with feath ers and gauze, riding a-pilllon behind the" groom's young friends, in satin knee-breeches and gay coats and pock ed hats and all the accompanying young folks in the picturesque and gallant dress of the times." Leaving this pretty little Dutch wed ding scene we pass on to visit our Pur itan ancestors a,nd with much interest do we note what they were doing at this time. These old New Englanders, neat in habit, intelligent and fairly educated, worked hard, were frugal, thrifty and as a rule rigid in morals. While coldly reserved towards stran gers, they were kind and hospitable, and noted far and wide for their acute inquisitiveness. They wore sober-colored garments except on Sunday, the im portant day of the week, when there was a general display of quaint finery of a sombre character. Their great open fireplaces were Ill-adapted to withstand the winter's rigor. Their churches were wholly unprovided with heating accommodations. Their diet was spare. The well-to-do prided them selves on their old silver table ware, and New England kitchens Were noted for their displays of brightly burnish ed pewter and brasses. Cider and New England rum were favorite beverages; but drunkenness was less prevalent than in the other colonies; the New England temperament was not in clined to excess and roistering. . The general tone of life was sedate, even gloomy. Is it any wonder then that we find among their literary productions, the poem entitled "The Day of Doom," or as it might "truly be called the dogerel of 'damnation and grace'," written by Michael Wigglesworth, the "Puritan Dante." One selection will give some Idea of the whole poem. "It opens with a picture of the heedlessness and indif ference of the world just before the judgment." The day of doom bursts upon the earth and Christ appears as the judge, judging the different classes of sins In their order until he comes to those who died in infancy. These young creatures argue that they should not be punished as they did not live long enough to commit any crime and they should not be judged for Adam's sin, but the Judge replied that they are sin ners and must be treated as such. "Yot to compare yonr sins with theirs Who live a lonser time, I do confess yours is much loss, Tlioimh every sin is crime. A crime it is, therefore, in bliss You may not hope to dwell? But unto you I shall allow The enslost room In Hell." In contrast to this dreary poety are the . writings of Anne Bradstreets whom the "unhappy New Englanders hailed as the 'Tenth Muse.' " The poem in which she describes her children closes with these simple yet touching lines: "Thus, frone amoncst you I mny live, And dead, yet spealt flurl counsel give; Farewell, my birds, farewell, adieu, I lnpy am, if well with you." From this Puritan poetess descended "such lights in literature and theology as the Channings, the Danas, Wendell Phillips, and Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes." A very curious figure among the church officers was the tithingman, not only was he the tormentor of the mis chievous little boys, but also of those who thought the meeting house a de lightful place wherein to slumber and the long dull three-hour sermons excel lent lullabies. "He was always on the watch to see that everyone kept awake. He had his rod, with a fox tail on one end and a ball on the other. If it were a woman who fell asleep, her face was brushed with the fox-tall; if a man, he received a smart tap on the head from the ball end." It was on the doors of these old meet ing houses that warning notices were posted. A strange story is told of how one man lost his bride at the very altar: "Young Samuel Selden of Hadlyme, Connecticut, so runs the tale, observing a notice on the Chester meeting house stating that Noahdiah Brainder.and Deborah Dudley proposed marriage in that house on the following Lord's day, tore the notice from the door and substituted another in which the names of Samuel Selden of Hadylme and De borah Dudley appeared proposing mar riage upon the self-same day. When the wedding morning arrived Captain Selden came early to the meeting-house, armed and equipped according to the law, and observing that his notice was undisturbed, took heart of grace, and when Mr. Joseph Dudley, his wife and daughter Deborah appeared, he ad vanced, addressed the latter affection ately, and led her up the aisle to the minister who married them. What the groom-elect, Noahdiah, was about all this time we are not informed, but as the Selden family history records that Samuel took hla bride across the river the same day, without any objection or resistance ' on her part, it certainly soems as If the fair Deborah, like the love of the 'young Locklnvar,' was not averse to changing grooms, while the inscrption on the wedding ring still pre served In the SeMen family 'Beauty is Fair, but Virtue is a- Treclous Jewel' shows that Samuel fully appreciated the various charms of his daringly won brido. The strange sequel to this ro mantic wedding is that after many years of wedded life and the birth of several children, upon the death of her husband, Samuel, Deborah Selden be came the wife of her first lover, Noah diah Brainerd. The query very natur ally suggests itself, 'Did she love him all the time, was she frightened into marrying her masterful lover? And equally pertinent in those days of much marrying, Did the defrauded Noahdiah remain true to his first love all these years, or did he marry In the interim and find himself a widower thus oppor tunely? A story of an entirely different char acter is that told about Hog rock, a boulder about ten feet In diameter, which "stands on a foundation of mi caceous schist rock, located about one mile east of Washington bridge." The following ancient stanza explains its name: "Once four young; men upon ye rock Sat clown at cluillle board one daye; When ye Devill appeared In the shiippe of a. hojrer. And frightened ym so that tuey scampered away, And left Old Nick to finish yo playe." A remarkable funeral custom was to send gloves to all who were to attend the funeral and the scarfs and rings to the pallbearers. The gloves were al ways of a quality to suit the rank of the wearer. It is related that one man at his death left to the heirs "a quart tankard full of these mourning rings which he had received at funerals. The Rev. Andrew Eliot received in thirty two years, from funerals, weddings, and christenings, two thousand nine hundred and forty pairs of gloves. As he and his family could not wear them all, he sold them through the Boston milliners and received therefore be tween six and seven hundred dollars." New England Is noted for its curious epitaphs. For instance, special families would have appropriate special verses, evidently because of the rhyme with the surname. Thus, the Jones family were properly proud of this family rhyme: "Beneath this Ston's Int'r'd the Bon's Ah Frail Remains Of Lieut. Noah Jones." The Tutes and Shutes and Roots be gan their epithaps thus: "Here lies cut down like ripe fruit The wife of Deacon Amos Shute." Gershom Root was "cut down like unripe fruit" at the fully mellowed age of seventy-three. And now in comparing the people of these three groups we find that the southerners were the pleasure seekers and that their hospitality and their ex travagant tastes usually steeped them in debt or forced them to bankruptcy. The Puritans on the other hand made life one long gloomy work day and as the poet Freeman has said: "These exiles were formed in a whimsical mould And wore awed by their priests like the Hebrew of old. Disclaimed all pretenses to jesting and laughter. And sighed their lives through to bo happy hereafter. On a crown immaterial their thoughts were Intent, They looked toward Zion wherever they went, And did all things in hopes of a future re ward. And worried mankind for the sake of the Lord." . But the middle colonists proportioned their pleasures and work in pleasant healthful sort of way and in the end were the happiest, most contented and most prosperous of all the colonists. CONTEMPT OF COURT. The average selectman of a small country town Is a pretty big fellow. He is the boss of the t?wns expenditures and if he goes in for a record he is pret ty apt to defy heaven In his attempt to make one. Some time ago a New Ca naan woman who lives on a country road which had not been improved in years long enough to grow three-foot whiskers on a Populists chin, applied to the selectmen to have the road put in passable condition. They refused and she appealed to the county commission ers. They ordered the road fixed, but the selectmen were stubborn and re fused, taking the case to the superior court. With some slight changes this court ordered the work done, but it wasn't, and the selectmen went to the supreme court. That tribunal sustained the lower court and the selectmen were told to fix that rnd. Still they neglected and when the woman came into court in Bridgeport, Monday, on a motion to tax the costs that she might be reimbursed for her expenses in fighting the obstinate town officials, Judge Wheeler expressed his surprise that the selectmen had not obeyed the mandate and said that the womans attorney should have summon ed them into court for contempt. The decision of the supreme court was given three weeks ago, and the town should have begun the work on that road at once. We are somewhat pleased with the result of this suit, as it shows that the determination to improve the country roads, in spite of the niggardly select men, is growing. As we remember the facts in the original suit, the woman did not ask for a macadam or telford road, but she wanted one over which she could travel to reach her farm and that was her right. The improvement would have been a public benefiit, but it, seems the benefit would have been more for the residents of Wilton than those of New Canaan. However that may be, the improved road was ordered by the court and hasn't been made. Now what will come of it? Ansonia Sentinel. PORTRAIT OF NOTED MAN. Presented to the Historica-l Society. Mr. Thomas R. Trowbridge has pre sented a fine portrait of General Aber crombie to the New Haven Colony His torical society, and it will be hung up on the walls of its building. It was sent from Trinidad by Mr. Trowbridge's nephew. William R. H. Trowbridge. General Abercrombie in 1797 captured from tlu Fre"ch the islands of Tri' ldad, St. Lucia, Martinique, Grenada, Guad aloupe. and the colonay of Demerara, and they have since been under the English flag. It is a large portrait and handsomely framed. NO FAITH CUKE A1IOVV SIVAllt'S DYSl'Ul'SIA TA1! l.KTS. Tlipy flure Stomach Trouble nml Indi gnation Anyway, Whether You Have Faith In Them or Not. All physicians agree that the element of faith has a great deal to do in the cure of disease. Firm belief and confidence in a fami ly physician or the same confidence and faith in a patent medicine has produced remarkable cures in all ages. This is especially true in nervous troubles, and no field offers so prolific a harvest for the quack and charlatan as the diseases arising from a weak or run down nervous system. Nevertheless, the most common of all diseases, indigestion and stomach troubles, which in turn cause nervous diseases, heart troubles, consumption and loss of flesh, requires something be-" sides faith to cure. Mere faith will not digest your food for you, will not give you an appetite, will not increase your llesh and strengthen your nerves and heart, but Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets will do these things because they are composed of the elements of digestion. They con tain the juices, acids and peptones nec essary to the digestion and assimila tion of all wholesome food. Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets will digest food if placed in a jar or bottle In water heated to 98 degrees, and they will do it much more effectively when taken into the stomach after meals, whether you have faith that they will or not. They invigorate the stomach, make pure blood and strong nerves, in the only way that nature can do it, and that is, from plenty of wholesome food well digested. It is not what we eat, but what we digest, that does us good. Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets are sold by druggists at GO cents for full sized package. Little book on cause and cure of stom ach troubles mailed free by addressing Stuart Co., Marshall, Mich. A PECULIAR CASE. Mrs. Hancox of Stonington Died With out Having a Regular Physician. Mrs. Mary Ann Hancox died at Ston ington, Tuesday, and as she had not been under a regular physician's care, a Christian scientist being called in, no death certificate could be made out. Wednesday morning Dr. v George E. Stanton, medical examiner for the town, telephoned to Coroner F. H. Brown of Norwich, stating that Mrs. Hancox had died wifhout medical at tendance and under such circumstances as possibly to warrant a coroner's in vestigation. It appears that Mrs. Han cox was attended by members of the Christian scientist sect, who sought to heal her without human aid. She had been ill for a long time. Dr. Barber of Stonington, it is said, was called in after the woman died Tuesday night, but he was not per mitted to view the remains. The doctor refused to-issue a death certificate. Dr. Stanton asked the coroner to ad vise him in the matter. Coroner Brown sent back instructions for the medical examiner to investigate the case, and if circumstances warrant it . the coroner himself will go out there and Inquire more closelly into the facts. Norwich Bulletin. A BRANCH OFFICE. Will be Opened in Philadelphia by J. B. Sargent & Co. As learned last evening from one of the firm, J. B. Sargent it Co. of this city have about completed arrange ments whereby a branch store will be opened in Philadelphia. This store will be conducted in a manner similar to the Boston branch, and especial atten tion will be given to developing a line of artistic builder's hardware, through the architects. An office has been rent ed in Witherspoon building, and will be opened on or about January 1 by Mr. W. N. Thomas, who for the past year has been traveling for the company in Pennsylvania. No stock will be carried, but only a supply of samples. This office will afford the company an opportunity to devote more atten tion to this section of the country than they have heretofore been able. POLO TO-NIGHT. Hartford Will Battle With the Local Team. Hartford will cross swords with the Iew Haven boys at the rink to-night. The game ought to be a close and inter esting one. Although badly beaten on their last visit here, the Hartfords have been greatly strengthened since then, and have improved in their play. New Haven and Meriden are now tied for first place in the league race and the local team will have to score a victory to-night In order to retain their good name as well as to retain their unbrok en series of victories at home. PENSION FRAUDS IN NEW YORK. Washington, Dec. 23. Commissioner Kvans of the pension bureau has re ceived a report from the special exam iner who was sent to New York to in vestigate reports of wholesale frauds in pension cases. It shows that a num ber of persons have been arrested, some of whom have been tried and convicted for various violations of the laws dur ing, the December term of the court. The statement is made that these In fractions of the law are but a small portion of the irregularities found as a result of the investigation of the rolls of the New York pension agency. A CHRISTMAS ENTERTAINMENT. To Be Given By Sunday School of First Presbyterian Church. The First Presbyterian Sunday school will hold its Christmas entertainment next Wednesday evening at the chapel on Elm street, near Orange. The en tertainment promises to be an especial ly good one and will be given by the children of the Sunday school. It will consist of singing by the Sunday school, recitations by the children. Later in the evening Santa Claus will appear and give presents. H. H. S. CRESCENT. The management of the Hlllhouse Crescent will give a dance and recep tion at Veru hall this evening, which will undoubtedly be one of musical brilliancy, to the present and former members of the society. A very attrac tive programme has been prepared. Williams' orchestra will furnish the music. REMINISCENCES Recalled by a Letter From an Ex Speaker. The following letter in the Ansonia Sentinel is from a gentleman who has many friends and old business assocl-S ates in New Haven: . A few days since I received a letter from an old speaker of the Connecticut house of representatives of sixty years ago. I did not know that the gentle man was living, not having heard of him for over half a century. He is now over ninety-four (94) years of age and In active practice of his profession the law and In good health, and writes as legibly as though he were a half cen tury younger. It was under his ad ministration of the office of speaker that the law for imprisonment for debt was abolished and he was the author of the bill and carried it through the house and its repeal caused great rejoicing by many Who had suffered from it. At that time I was a clerk in a New Haven store and was present in the house when the bill was considered and the old law repealed. For the information of some elderly people who lived in that era, I would thank you to publish his1 letter and let them recall the changes of the Inter vening years. i At that time there was no Ansonia and no Birmingham. A commence ment had been made by some capital ists from Tew York at a point where Birmingham now stands under the title of "Smithville." Its basis was narrow and its progress slow. It was some years before Ansonia had been thought of. The legal title of the town embraced what Is now Derby, Birmingham, An sonia and Seymour, and the sum total of taxation of a year of all this terri tory was less than three thousand dol lars. The town meetings were holden part of the time on Great Hill, as being near the center of population. That which is now Main street in An sonia was a sandy plain forming a part of the stage road between New Haven and Litchfield, without a human habit ation on the street and scarcely one in sight. Such was the condition of this com munity when the gentleman! whose let ter is published herewith procured the abolishment of imprisonment for debt in the state of Connecticut. . The dam opposite the city of Ansonia, known as Hull's dam, on the Nauga tuck river, was built for the purpose of maintaining an oil mill, also a grist mill, on the west bank of the river, a few rods below, but above what is now known as Division street. These mills at that time were not a financial suc cess, and the proprietor fell into em barrassment and was for a time re strained of his liberty at New Haven, under this law which was abolished by the instrumentality of Speaker Wight man. CHARLES DURAND. Ansonia, Dec. 21, '97. New York, Dec. 17, 1S97. To Hon. Charles Diirand, Ansonia, Conn.: Dear Sir Yours of the 12th of De cember inst. was received yesterday, and I hasten to answer. The clipping was the work of the Times office. I found it desirable, in 1843, to confine myself to the practice of the law, which led me to remove to this city, where I have ever since been and still am en gaged as attorney and counsellor-at-law in the practice of my profession, avoiding all political promotion. With my warmest wishes for your happiness and prosperity, I am respectfully yours, S. K. WIGHTMAN, 70 East 131st street. GOV. SALTON STALL RELICS. The will of the late Mrs. Sarah R. 'Hubbard of Brooklyn, who was the wid ow of Samuel T. Hubbard, was filed in the probate court yesterday. She was a lineal descendant of Governor Sal tonstall, and the document is interest ing because it disposed of many relics of old Governor Saltonstall. Mrs. Hub bard left an estate of about $100,000, and included in the estate is a piece of land on Waverly street, this city. This Is given to Mrs. Kate C. Phelps, a niece, whose home is in Brooklyn. The will was drawn by Mrs. Hubbard and contains some unusual phrases. The following is an extract from the second codicil: I, Sarah R. Hubbard, have made my will. It is in the same of H. B. Hub bard. I have made it carefully and with thought, without one word or sug gestion from any living soul, and if any one of my heirs should attempt to break or set aside my will they shall forfeit their right to any part therein. It is in this second codicil that Mrs. Hubbard disposed of many heirlooms. S' c gave tin- family coat of arms with a description of the tame to Mr.'. Phelps. .She gave to the same lady a silver tea set id' many pieces", which, according to the will, "when she receives it will have descended from aunt to niece for four generations." George T. Miller of Brooklyn is given a "white alabaster clock and two French vases which were Saltonstall relics." The family picture is given to Mrs. Phelps. The pictures are described as follows: "The tallest figure was my grandmother Miller. They are all grandchildren of Gov. Gurdon Salton stall of Connecticut." To Ethel H. S. Miller of Brooklyn is given "a. silver mug with the Salton stall coat of arms on it." "The pearl pin containing her grand mothers and grandfathers and Uncle Samuel's hair. The cross is your un cle's, to Mamie A. Haviland." There are many other heirlooms dis posed of to different members of the family. Mrs. Hubbard at one time own ed the property where the Turkish baths on York street, this city, are lo cated. AT WELCH SCHOOL. An interesting collection of apparatus for the study of geography is on exhi bition in the Welch school for the bene fit of the teachers of the New Haven schools. One purpose of the exhibition is to familiarize the teachers with the most improved apparatus for the study of geography. J! A TK II I A I X M E XTS. Hyperion Theater. . CRANE AT HYPERION TO-MORROW. Manager Bunnell, as a theatrical San ta Claus, will to-morrow afternoon at the Hyperion theater present to the TEAS, COFFEES i SPICES. . Choicest Grades Always in Stock. Our Teas are this year's crop, the finest grades imported. We handle only the finest worthless Coffees are never our Coffees direct from the importers. Roasted fresh daily and ground to order. Our Spices are ground expressly for our trade and warrant ed strictly pure. Headquarters for Linton's World-famed Ceylon Teas, in original pack ages, direct from tha Tea Gardens of Ceylon. GOODWIN'S TEA AND COFFEE STORE, 344 State Street, yah National Bank Building, K0AL am now delivering Koa! in cellar direct from dirt and . F. GILBERT, 65 Church St., opp. Fostoffice, 81 Railroad Ave. New Haven public William H. Crane dressed to represent that good fellow and honest politician, the Hon. Han nibal Rivers, of the United States sen ate. Manager Bunnell is to he con gratulated on this fine Christmas at traction. The comedy will be strongly cast and its presentation should be in teresting and entertaining. In the eve ning Mr. Crane will present "A Vir ginia Courtship." The work is what is known as a "cos tume play," and its story and scenes take one back to-the year 1815 when Virginia was peopled by many former inhabitants of England and France, who rertained many of the fashions, manners and customs of the old world. The atmosphere of the work is charm ing. Mr. Crane appears in the play as Major Fairfax, a choleric, big-hearted, improvident, whole-souled gentleman, jealous of his honor, quick to quarrel and a firm believer in the code as a means of settling all differences be tween gentlemen. The play will be seen by a large audience. Sale of seats now open. Prices, 50c, 75c, $1 and $1.50. THE BRIDE ELECT. In John Philip Sousa's new opera, "The Bride Elect," whic is to be pre sented at the Hyperion next Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday evenings, "The March King" is said to. have not only given his most brilliant and spir ited music to this work, but: to have written a libretto that has a clear, log ical and carefully defined story. The libretto from the first line of the open ing chorus to the tag at the end of the third act is all a Sousa production. The prima donna is Nella Bergen of Meri den, the well known and brilliant sing er. Others in the original cast will be Albert Hart, comedia.n; Christie Mac Donald, soubrette; Lillian Carllsmith, contralto;, Frank Pollock, tenor; Mel ville Stewart, baritone; Harry Luck stone and Edward P. Wilks. Ben Teal has staged the production, which is un der the direction of Klaw & Erlanger and B. D. Stevens. The production of "The Bride Elect" will he quite the most : elaborate and costly that has ever been accorded any comic opera in this country. The com pany numbers eighty people and fully $40,000 has been spent in the gorgeous costuming and scenic appointments of the piece. Sale of seats now open. Prices, 50c, 75c, $1 and $1.50. Grand Opera House... "The Real Widow Brown,'' a most amusing farce comedy, opened to a good house last night at the Grand Opera house. There are many clever specialties introduced which helped to make it a very enjoyable performance. Perkins D. Fisher well plays the prin cipal comedy part of Hiram Goodman, keeping his audience in roars of laugh a-brac- 2- cleaning job in the shortest time, and with the least labor and fuss. You don't need any other help. Pearline is meant to wash everything that water won't hurt, 538 Peddlers and ' CyJLT ,yri "this is as good as" or "the same as Pearline." IT'S ; )s YV Oli s FALSE Pearline is never peddled; if your grocer sends you an imitation, be houest send it back. new, fresh and fragrant, and grades of Coffee. Inferior and found in our stock. We buy bags and carried Into tha wagon. Avoid ail buv of MslHyfioirs,liiHi)tlteF ARB Self Contained, requiring no brick setting: Without Gaskets or Packing, and are thua al ways tight. Have Vertical Water Ways, giving free olroula ,tion. Large Direct Fire Surface, using the , radiant heat of the lire. Thousands in use and all giving satisfaction. . SHEAHAN & GROARK. Steam Fitters and Plumbers. Telephone 401-3 285 and 287 State Street. ter for two and a half hours. Fisher is a versatile actor, playing either a com edy part or a melo-dramatlc part equal ly as well. He will be remembered here from his comedy creations in "A Cold Day" and the serious part of Shilling law in "The Cotton King." There will be a bargain matinee to-day and special matinee to-morrow (Christmas day). The same low prices will prevail. THE WHITE SLAVE. "The White Slave," that favorite rov mance by the lamented Bartley Camp bell, comes to the Grand next Monday and Tuesday under the direction of Robert and John B. Campbell, sons of the author of "My Partner," "The Gal ley Slave," "Siberia," etc., 1 etc. . The present company is said to be one of exceptional merit. Mr. Drew, Mr. Cog liser, Mr. West, Mrs. Saphore, Miss Christie, Miss Campbell and Miss Young have been playing Sn the pieca for many years. ? Poll's Wonderland Theater. The Christmas week audiences are tha merriest ever seen at the Wonderland theater, and the show matches the mer. rlment with retort of bright songs, dances, grotesque acts and magical pictures. The great' American blograph, continues to be the topio of everyone's wonder, and the Haverstraw tunnel scene is scoring the biggest hit ever made by the machine. The vaudeville bill, in which are Sam and Kittle Mor ton, the Murray Brothers, Jerome and Alexis, Post and Clinton, and others,, gives a star performance throughout. On Christmas day there will be ai con tinuous show from 1 p. m. to 11 p. m., the blograph showing every two hours. Next week Charles T. Ellis and his own company. Biograph shown at 3, 5, 8:15 and 10:30. Prices, 10 and 20 cents; ladies in the) afternoon, 10 cents. Spbkdy Cni TEKiTMBST for torturing, disfig uring, itching, burning, and scaly skin and scalp diseases with loss of hair. Warm baths wltliCu tiotjra Boat, gentle applications of Cuticuba. (ointment), and full doses ot Cutioubs. Bbsol vbht, greatest of blood purifiers and humor cor el . T. .frill thrmiffhrrat ths world. Pottib i)BFO Citsm- Cobp.. Sole Props., Boston. ' How to Cure Itchins Skin Diseases," fta. BED ROUGH HANDS "WSSSSSSS The spectrev of housecleaning needn't trouble you a moment The person that dreads house cleaning knows nothing of Pearline of its easy work, its quickness and comfort, its saving of paint and ot rub bing. Go over everything with Pearline floors, doors, win dows, woodwork, paint, mar ble, stone, glass, carpets, brio -and vou 11 get through any some unscrupulous grocers will tell vol. JAMES PYLE, New Yuis,