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Pages 9 to 12. NEW HAVEN CONN., MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1898. ALL ABOUT THE KLONDIKE A VONNECTICVT WOMAN'S REMARK. ABLE 'JItlP. Determination or Mrs. Reedeselle of Hope ville, Conn. A Nlnntlc Man's Adventures Edward Ueckwltli, Supposed to be Dead, Write from Gqld Regions A Bridgeport Man Stops Nearer Home. ! The "Seattle (Wash.) Times" of De cember 20 says: Mrs. Marie A. Reedeselle of Hopeville, Conn., and New Tork city has arrived In Seattle on her way to the Klondike on one of the most desperate adven tures . ever undertaken by a woman. Mrs! Reedeselle, however, does not look upon her coming trip as a dangerous one, although she does not think she will have any picnic. She intends to go to Dawson over the snow and ice, and will take her own sled with about four hundred pounds of provisions. She is going absolutely alone, with not even a dog for a companion. And she is plan ning all this for gold, which she propos es to get by locating a claim, and not by marrying or working for wages. Mrs. Reedeselle arrived in Seattle a few days ago and Is stopping at the Dil let Hotel. She has excellent letters of reoommendation with her, and was evi dently a popular, woman, as she Is an extremely pretty one. She is of French descent, is well dressed and appears to be well supplfed with money, which she says she made during the past two years at farming. This woman' Klon diker has a very pleasant voice, and only . in strength does she resemble a man. In telling her story to a "Times" reporter this morning Mrs. Reedeselle said: "For a long time I have been want ing to do something of this kind, and now I have my opportunity and want to make the most of it. I have considered everything thoroughly and can see no reason why I should not make the trip successfully. "I am having a small sled made here with brass runners. It will be strong and large enough to carry, four hundred pounds of supplies, which will be put in water-proof bags. When I get started down the river; on the snow and ice I will hitch myself to the sled and expect to go through in good time. Dogs would cost 'me at least sixty dollars, and then a great deal of extra food would have to be carried along for them. Then dogs raised in this coun try are apt to be of little use going over the'snow fields. "I think I will enjoy the trip and will tough it to my heart's content. I take a revolver along for my protection and am a good shot with it. My wearing apparel , for the Klondike consists--:Of the heaviest -union suit of flannel I can purchase and over this I will wear, a uTiIrtlri unit nf chamois. T am" havincr a suit , of : heavy mackinaw made. The skirt will be quite short but still a skirt. I will wear seal skin shoes and leggings and heavy German socks. "At first I intended to go with some friends, but they have disappointed me and I will go on alone. I have never made a failure of anything I have un dertaken so far. Along the river I will camp wherever night finds me and ex pect to be comfortable in a heavy sleep ing bag which I will take along. I am to a certain extent a vegetarian, and will take no meat into the northland. I have laid in a good supply of unground wheat and other cereals, condensed and waited milk, evaporated fruits and veg etables. I am taking healthy medical gymnastics for several hours each day end getting my muscles in shape for the trip. I am afraid I will not be able to walk all-the way on account of the im proved facilities of getting over the. pass. I will never come back unless I make It rich. "There is something about this cli mate that agrees with, me wonderfully. Some of my friends think I came out to Seattle to get used to the cold of an 'Arctic winter, but had that been the purpose I would have done better to stay In 'New York. The rain here does riot bothet me and it seems to have omething soothing about It. I think this is the best place in the world for Klondike outfits and accurace informa tion. I would have been terribly im posed on had I outfitted anywhere e!se." Missing Man Turns Up All Right. The following letter was received at Wantic, - Wednesday, from Edward Beckwith, who left home a couple of months ago and was supposed to be dead: ". . Skaguay, Alaska, Dec. 19, 197. : My Dear Mother: This morning I ar rived here after crossing that horrible pass you have read about. Now that I have taken the chance and come back safe I am going to tell you something about it. Nopen' can describe the general con dltions black enough, although as I said before, it can be crossed if one only has the nerve. I tell you it takes lots of it. Strong men are turning back with face, hands and feet frozen. .1 arrived back all right, although I thought I would have to turn back my self. Dead horses line the trail and inore are added to the number every day. We have Just got things in shape to go to work and I have been sent back to Skaguay on business. From here I Will, go to Juneau and will write from there. My health is good and I am gaining in flesh, although I carry about sixty pounds on my back and walk all day. The weather Is extremely warm at present writing. The snow is melted on the streets and on Broadway, the principal street, the water is six inches deep. In fact the water and mud is so deep on 11 the streets that you can't 6ee them." Mrs. Beckwith Is in possession of a photograph of her son that was taken In Seattle, showing "Ed" in his entire outfit. Gets Landed at Seattle Protection for the Bivalves. Until a few weeks ago Charles Nash of Black Rock was a member of the oyster police force, having been ap pointed by the Shellfish commission. Mr. Nash is thoroughly versed in oys ' ter culture, and is looked upon as one of the best oystarmen in this vicinity. The Bridgeport Farmer says: "About two months ago he became Impressed with a spirit for getting rich quickly and overcome by the gold fever he struck out for the Klondike. On arrival at Seattle, Nash found thousands of gold seekers on the anx ious seat, awaiting the coming of spring and favorable weather that they might reach the Eldorado. There is but little opportunity for a man to procure work in Seattle, owing to the fact that for every position there are perhaps a hun dred applicants. When he ascertained these facts, Nash investigated and, finally located the Washington Shellfish commissioner, to whom he applied for a position, with the result that he is now an attache of the official staff of the state of Washington, and it is said that In all probability he will remain there until '99, as the state authorities are de sirous of retaining him. , Yeserday Engineer , David C. San ford, of. the Connecticut Shellfish com mission, received a box of spec1 ivsan.'J Ov Washington shellPsh which were shipped by Nash Tuesday, l)?c. :1, re quiring exactly eight days for transpor tation. Included among the contents of the box Is a crab from the straits of San Juan de Fuca, which measures ten by twelve inches and is about four inch es thick. Sharp prongs convey the body and claws, and when weighed , after boiling it tipped the scales at nearly five pounds. ... The oyster authorities of the state of Washington are endeavoring to culti vate the bivalves by the method in use in this state, but thus far they have not met with much success. They are small and not well flavored. After four years of growth, the size of the Washington oyster is about that attained by the Connecticut specimens after one year. Very recently the Washingtonltes dis covered a bed of oysters covering about four acres, and it is said these resemble the local oysters more than any yet taken from the Washington waters. Mr. Nash is now endeavoring to culti vate these, and make the best of the product. This is, the only deep water bed in the far away state, the others be ing cultivated in very shallow water. At the next session of the Washington legislature laws will be passed to pro tect the industry, and with Mr. Nash's aid the authorities are confident of ad vancing the work greatly. Mr. Nash is well known in this city, especially among the men who follow the water for a living, and doubtless the news of his trip to Seattle and sub sequent connection with the Washing ton oyster industry will be a surprise to them. He was extremely popular f among his friends, who will, now that they are aware of his whereabouts, wish him success." ' STAMFORD KLONDIKERS To Meet Again and Pay an Assessment of One Hundred Dollars Each. Stamford, Dec. 31. The Connecticut and Alaska Mining and Trading Asso ciation will meet again in Weed's Hall next Sunday, when the members will be taxed another assessment of one. hun dred, dpllars each. Bight Manchester, Mass., applicants were recently admit ted to membership, bringing the total number now up to thirty-five. It is proposed, however,, not K take any more in. The one. hundred ton steamer "Moonlight" was purchased a few days ago at Seattle, through the agency of Harry E. F. King, for the company. The price paid was twenty-five hundred dollars. The steam sled which has just been built In Norwalk, a description of which was printed in yesteryay's Advo cate, will be given her initial trial to morrow, and. if satisfactory, will be shipped, with the arms and ammuni tion and other equipments already pro cured, to Mr. King in Seattle next week, and loaded aboard the "Moonlight." The company will leave Stamford ior Seattle January 24. IS A BRAVE WOMAN. Mrs. Fowler Praised for Work at North Hum'mook. . Mrs. J. T. Fowler, wife of the keeper of the lighthouse and fog bell on North Hummock, a rocky point near Fisher's Island, came to New London, Thursday morning, and took a train for Noank, where she will ylslt relatives. Mrs. Fowler was seen by a Day reporter and talked modestly of her experiences at the lighthouse. In November, during a dense fog, Captain Fowler went over to Noank and was fog-bound there. Mrs. Fowler, who attends to the light in his absence: was left entirely alone. Whenever there is a fog the fog bell in a building near the lighthouse rings by machinery. Mrs. Fowler set the machinery going on this occasion, but soon discovered that it was out of order and would not ring the bell. .. Knowing the importance of this warning to mariners in that perilous place, Mrs. Fowler set about to remedy the matter. She procured ladders and climbed up into the belfry tower, at tached a rope to the bell and then clam bered down. Standing on the ground in the damp and chill of a November day, this hardy woman pulled the bell rope for two hours and kept the warn ing signal going. A few days ago, Mrs. Fowler received two letters from high officials in the lighthouse service department at Wash ington complimenting her upon the pluck she displayed and speaking in high terms of her services. Naturally she is very well pleased at the receipt of these testimonials. PRISON HOLIDAY SALE. Curious Articles Made by Convicts on , Exhibition. The annual sale of articles made by the convicts at the state prison is now going on at the prison and the tables in the guard room have a collection of unique products of patient work in the cells. There are ship models, many kinds of toys, baskets, match safes, and such things. In an ordinary pint bottle a convict named Shirley has put a miniature sawbuck, saw and axe and a small barrel, on the top of which is a full rigged ship. All of this had been put together Inside the bottle, the im plements used being two straight pieces of wire. The women prisoners have a display of needlework, including some very artistic embroidery by Kate Cobb The money received for the articles is credited to the convicts and is used for the purchase of such things as they may desire, and are . allowed by the prison rules. BUILT SEVERAL RAILROADS WAS A EORMER NEW HAVEN MAX AXD WELL REMEMBKHEP HERE. Lived In His Youth on Lyon and Orange .Streets, This City Old Schoolmates Here Kecnll Him to Mind. Sllvanus Miller, an account of whose career Is given below, is well remem bered by not a few New Haveners,! as when a boy he lived in this -city, first on Lyon street and then on Orange street, near Grove street. When living on the latter street his parents were near neighbors of the late Thomas H. Pease, who was for many years a lead ing newsdealer and bookseller of this city, and whose son, S. G. Pease, the newsdealer and bookseller on Church street, is his successor in business. When Mr. Miller's folks lived on Lyon street the late Professor Ives, father of Mrs. Parsons, wife of Professor E. A. Parsons, was one of their near neigh bors United States Deputy Sheriff Carr, Assistant Engineer of the Volun teer Fire Department Bob Edmondson, George Olmstead, the jeweler, and his father, Deacon Olmstead, all deceased, were also residents of that Immediate section. , ' Mrs. Miller, mother of, Sllvanus, was a lady of literary tastes and wrote articles quite frequently for the Chris tian Union. She died years ago in Greenfield, Mass. Her husband, father of Silvanus, was a railroad contractor and assisted in building the New Haven and Northampton railroad. The Springfield Republican of a re cent date has the following regarding the son Silvanus: "Silvanus Miller, a noted builder of railroads In Guatemala, died of pneu-J mdnia at the St. Cloud hotel in New York Friday noon and his burial took place at Deerfleld from the home of his sisters this afternoon. Mr. Miller was only forty-live years old; he .was a na five of Hatfield, where his father and mother had lived before their removal: to Deerfleld a few. years ago. ' He went! when a young man to Central America, as a civil engineer, and had become a leading factor in the development of Guatemala as a railroad contractor. He had built several short lines. 8f railway,; and was engaged at the time of his, death in the construction of a road' from Port Barrios to Guatemala City. ! He had only completed the first half of this road and was negotiating for funds to enable him to go on with it, when the rebellious Guatemalans upset his work: as well as their own hopes. It is the most unfortunate time for him to take' his departure, so far as the ' progress of Guatemala is concerned; for he had much to do in developing the present progressive policy of Barrios. j . "It was the custom of Mr. Miller to visit New York and Massachusetts every year for the benefit of his health,! and when he came on a few weeks ago he was In broken health, due to the malarious Influences of Port Barrios, and it was his intention to make his residence at Guatemala City when he returned. He was going back this week, but on Tuesday evening he dined out, caught a severe cold, and on Thursday, when a physician was called in, it was too late congestion of the lungs had taken place and could not be checked or relieved. "Mr. Miller was a man of unusual and potent qualities; a thorough'engl neer and a natural master of men and enterprises. He had achieved a strong position in his adopted country; he was a friend of the elder Barrios, and was sincerely appreciated by President Bar rios, his nephew, who prized Mr. Mil ler's services highly, and regarded him as an important ally Ire the growth of Guatemala into a republic as well built as his railroads. Mr. Miller's fine Yan kee character and keen Intellect earned the place he held, and something of his success had been due to the extraordi nary social genius of his wife, a woman of exceptional mind and accomplish ments. Mr. Miller's father and mother some years ago bought one of the fine old houses on Deerfleld street, and both have since died there. There survive at the Deerfleld home the Misses Ellen and Margaret Miller, and In Kentucky another sister, Rosalie, wife of Profes sor Garman, a well known teacher in science." CONNECTICUT INDUSTRIES. For some time negotiations have been in progress for the acquisition of the mill of the Norwich Woolen company at Norwich Town, which negotiations were concluded on Wednesday. The com pany which has assumed control of the plant is called the Otrobando, Woolen company. It has a cash capital for the present of $30,000. The manufacture of the company are various styles of woolen fabrics. The principal parties in the deal are Thomas J. Maxwell of Meriden and Willard H. Faunce of Camden, Me. Both are men of ability and great experience, having been en gaged for years as superintendents of different mills. They are to give their personal attention to the business in Norwich. The mill was formerly run by Mr. Sturtevant. The big shaft of the fly wheel in the Benedict & Burnham factory in Water bury is cracked, and work will be in terfered with for several days. WEDDING PRESENTS BELONG TO THE WIFE. A novel decision was made by Judge Carroll in the city court in Bridgeport recently which, however, has custom, if not law, back of it. It was in the case of John Hornby, who had separated from his wife. Hornby Is paying her $5 a week, and that part of the arrange ment is satisfactory to both sides. But he claimed a lot of household furniture, and the wife rebelled. She said it was given to her as a wedding gift. Judge Carroll said that It was always consid ered that the wedding presents be- I longed to the wife. He was of the opin I Ion that Mrs. Hornby ought to have the j things she asked for. V-MANUAL TRAINING WORK Begins in Hartford's Schools To-Day. The manual training work at the Hartford Publio High school will begin when the school opens after the holi day vacation to-day, January 3, and 294 pupils will take optional work in the manual training course.. The Hartford Courant says: "The building in which the manual training work is to be carried on is not yet completed and only wood working, cooking, sewing and constructive draw ing will be opened ,before the end of the school year, but it is unlikely that the machine shop and the other de partments of the manual work will be opened before next fall. Charles B. Howe, late of the Bing hamton Manual Training school, will have full charge , of the work here. Frank J. Preston, formerly of the man ual training school at Springfield, will be Instructor in the constructive draw ing and wood working departments, and Miss Margaret T. Hedden, formerly of the Blnghamton school, will have charge of the cooking and sewing. Before the fourth , class, the class which went in last fall, entered the high schcjgl, Principal Smiley s-ent to the parents , of the pupils of the entering class a circular to know which course they desired to have their children take. It was announced that members of the entering class might elect the full man ual training course if they desired, but very. few selected that course. They preferred the English and the classical courses and only those taking the latter courses who are proficient in their studies and can take periods in the manual work without hindering them in their regular courses will be allowed to do so. The standing which scholars must have in their regular course be fore they will be permitted to take the manual training studies has not been fixed by Principal Smiley. The majority of those who have de cided to take optional work in manual training are girls. The boys will not much exceed fifty. One hundred and twelve, scholars will take lessions in cooking, 74 In sewing, 41 in wood work ing and 67 in constructive drawing. The sewing and cooking classes will be made up of about twenty in each class. The instruction in wood working will take up two periods of 45 minutes each, or SO minutes every ve?k. The sswing will occupy twJ perlodsj of 43 minutes each twice a week. The, woodworking class es will receive instruction or five periods of 45 minutes' each, weekly, and the class in drawing will have two periods of 45 minutes' Instruction each week. The rooms to be occupied by the de partments which (begln work are not yet fully equipped, but they will be be fore January 3. The wood turning de partment is on the first floor.. Tiie wood carving room la on the second floor and the sewing room and cooking rooms are' on the second floor. The rooms are al well lighted. Work Is progressing on the addition to the high school, but not as rapidly as might be expected. It Is hoped that the addition will be completed in time for the celebration in June.' J -AETNA LIFE SUIT. Hearing Before Judge Shumway on ' "Substituted Demurrer", Hartford, Jan. 1. Before Judge Snum way in' the superior court yesterday a eharing on the plaintiff's substituted de murrer In the suit of insurance Com missioner Frederick A. Betts against the Aetna Life Insurance company was held. For the enlightenment of the court the attorneys in the case read the developments in pleadings up to date and as they are very bulky several hours were used up. The plaintiff de murs to the defense substituted for the third defense to paragraph 13 of the complaint and the subject matter there in referred to by the amendment filed November 30, because the matters therein contained constitnte no defense as neither the state of Connecticut nor the mutual policy holders are in any manner affected thereby. Second, be cause the demurrer to the so-called "fourth defense" charging the surren-' der of participating policies, and the Issue of the paid up policies and the transfer of assets and reserves from the so called mutual department to the stock department of the surplus funds of the defendant derived from the pro ceeds of the business of its mutual de partment; that the action of the insur ance commmissioner was not judicial and that the certificate and so-called decision of the Insurance commissioner contained therein do not affect in any manner the rights of the mutual policy holders of the company, and that the transfer from the mutual constitute no defense .And thirdly, the plaintiff de murs to the "second defense" charging that surrender of participating policies and the Issue of paid-up policies and the transfer of assets and reserves from the mutual department to the stock.de partment, because the act of 1878 there in referred to did not authorize but pro hibited the capitalization of any of the stock department even if done by the approval of the commissioner under the act of 1878, and if such' approval was given or obtained it was entirely nega tory, void and of no effect with refer ence to said appropriation. Other business transacted at the short calendar session was the accept ance of the report of the committee in the matter of Enos S. Belden and others of Plainville, application. In the con tested divorce suit of Harrry S. Bond against Rose E. Bond an allowance of $35 for prosecution was made. The case of Jane Coe Healy and others, execu tors, against Bertrand N. Healy et aj., was postponed. MRS. MeKEON'S FUNERAL. The funeral of Mrs. Mary McKeon, wife of Michael McKeon, who died on Thursday night at her residence, No. 58 York street, was held at the house yes terday at 1 o'clock and at St. John's church at 2 o'clock. Burial was at St. Lawrence cemetery. Mrs. McKeon left, besides her husband, a daughter, wife of F. H. Phillips of 103 Kimberly ave nue. Requiem high mass will be said this forenoon at 8 o'clock at St. John's church. " IS THERE NO VITAL SPOT? WUVXVS OF HEART ANV 1MAIX THAT HAVE FAILED TO KILL. Living Five Months With a Ballet Im bedded in His Heart A Needle Removed from the Heart by Surgery Recovering from Urn I n Wounds. "For my own part," said the doctor, with a shrug. "I would prefer not to be shot at all, whether in the heart, head, lungs, liver, or brain, and yet I have taken note of many cases recently In which persons have sustained gun shot wounds of supposedly fatal charac ter, who are still alive and going about their business."' The doctor and his companion were passing a downtown museum when the conversation took this turn. Among the freaks pictured and caricatured in front of the building was a man,. with a ragged bullet wound torn through his heart which organ was vividly exposed in the flaring . daub .while the angel of death was hovering over him, ready to snatch him away at any moment. The appeal to morbid amusement seek ers was such 'as to lead to the infer ence that the unfortunate with the wound in his heart might obligingly drop dead at any minute, for thespe clal delectation of those who paid their dimes and walked in to see him. "Then,,!' said the . doctor's friend, "a shot or a stab in the heart is not neces sarily fatal, as it js understood by mod ern surgery?" "Not at all," returned the doctor. "But, of course, we are not speaking of wounds as bigsand terrible as the one in that museum picture; that is appar ently even worse than the thrust re ceived by Mercutio- looks about as deep as a well and as wide as a church door. No man ' who has been wounded like that ever survives more than a min ute. ; "That man in the museum is alleged to be Charles B. Nelson, who was mys teriously shot one evening last summer while in the company of Mrs. Edith Marguerite Staples in Washington Park. The shooting occurred on the night of July 1, five months ago, and the man with an ounce of lead in his heart is still alive. Whether he sleeps well and has a good appetite I am un able to say. He was formerly a cyclist of some note. Nelson's breast was sub jected to the X-rays, and according to seiographs, which were made at the time, the bullet lodged In the septum of the heart the four-fold partition of muscular fibre that divides the interior of that organ into right and left auri cles and ventricles. There is has con tinued Jo throb up and down about 100,- 000 times at every pulsation, refuting the old theory of medical science that the touch of hostile metal to man's heart brings death. , - "The most skilful and daring surgeon on earth, if he were asked to remove the bullet from Nelson's heart, would shake his head in the negative. So this man must carry his leaden handicap as long as life shall last. Seems strange: doesn't it? In the sciograph views which were made of Nelson's wound the shadow of the bullet appears almost ex actly in the centre of the thorax, mid way between the ends of the fourth pair of ribs. In the profile view of the thorax the location of the black spot shows that the bullet penetrated two and a half Inches of cartilage and mus cle before it was stopped. At the point where it entered the thorax the pericar dium, which incloses the heart, touches the sternum, itself less than an inch in thickness; so that surgeons claim the other inch and a half of the bullet's path was ploughed through the fibres of the heart. The exact injury inflicted upon the heart, however, is still an open question, which will only be determined satisfactorily to science by an autopsy, It has been argued by some that the bullet was a. spent ball, which pierced the pericardium and dropped, in which case the muscular tissues of the heart were. not acerated or wounded. "And yet, notwithstanding what I have said, we have surgeons nowadays who do undertake and carry to a suc cessful conclusion operations on the heart. This is done by opening the pericardium, for example, in cases of dropsy of the heart, and drawing off the Aid by aspiration. A man may have his heart punctured with the point of a knife or a needle and still recover from the injury. It used to be held that wounds of this character were in variably fatal. But a wound of the heart is not necessarily fatal, as is shown in the case where a needle was removed by Calender from the sub stance of that organ. Cases of like na ture have been reported by Drs. Hahn Agnew, Stelzner, and others. More than-fifty cases where rupture of the heart walls did not result in immediate death are reported by Dr. D. J. Hamil ton, a well known Scotch surgeon and pathologist. "The case of Poole, a prize fighter, was one of the most remarkable. Poole was shot In the heart while ngaged in an encounter with a man named Baker in New Jersey, in 1855. To all outward appearance he recovered rapidly, and In four days felt so well that he expressed a wish to finish the interrupted con test. Twelve days later, however, he suddenly dropped to the ground. With in five minutes he was dead. "More remarkable still, perhaps, are the numerous injuries to the brain and spinal cord, which on first view would be pronounced fatal, and yet from which the wounded persons recover. At Valparaiso, Ind., a few days ago, a man named Herbert J. Fish, while in a fit of temporary insanity, put a 38-calibre bullet through his brain, and at last accounts he was still alive and appar ently getting well. The bullet, by all accounts passed through the right and left anterior hemispheres of the brain, lodging firmly in the posterior bone wall of the left eye socket. In its course the ball destroyed a large amount of brain matter. At the same time it cut the optic nerves of both eyes, destroying the sight. In some way the sense of smell, too, was destroyed. It seems miraculous that this man should re cover and retain any of his senses, but the physicians in attendance reported that aside from the fact of a somewhat weakened mental apparatus he appear ed to be about as rational as before ha sustained the' self-inflicted wound. The one point at which they found him most at sea was that he did not believe or realize that he had shot himself. . "Many Chicagoans will remember a tragedy at the Briggs house, In this city, 6everal years ago, in which a man who was shot in the brain got well. J. S. McDonnell, a well known veterinary surgeon, and his wife were boarders at the hotel. It was' in August, 1887. ' One day there was a great uproar and ex citement over a shooting affray in the apartments of the McDonnells. In the quarrel McDonnell was shot by his wife, the bullet entering the side of his head in the parietal bone above the ear and penetrating the brain. Within the next forty-eight hours the ball was removed by Dr. Liston H. Montgomery, and the wounded man got well. The wife at the same time shot herself in the head, but her injuries were not serious. Old time doctors used to pronounce wounds like that of McDonnell's fatal in every instance, and make very little effort to save the patient. Brain injuries are most serious, and most often prove fatal when they occur, near the base of the brain. "The Army and Navy Journal recent ly told of a French artillery officer who carried a bullet in his head for twenty seven years. He was shot in the left temple during the Franco-Prussian war. The bullet could not be extracted, but 'it soon ceased to be painful, and the wound healed. A few months ago the bullet began to move about, caus ing the soldier intense pain and driving him almost mad. Then there was a lull, and a short time ago, it is said, the man removed the bullet from his throat. "Up to the time of the civil -war but little effort was made to operate on gunshot wounds of the brain or abdo men. Since then much has been accom plished through experimental work and clinical observation to elucidate the subject. For wounds in the abdomen in general American and German surgeons advocate laparotomy as early as possi ble. "Gunshot wounds in the head direct ly involving the brain may be either perforating Or penetrating. A penetrat ing wound is one in which the missile enters and does not emerge. A perfor ating wound is one in. which the bullet passes entirely through the head. : The injury to the skull or brain may vary from a comparatively slight wound to one which inflicts immense and wide spread injury both to the skull and its contents. The difference between the wound of entrance, and the wound of exit is apt to'be far more marked in the skull than In the soft parts. At the wound of entrance the aperture in the external table may be no larger than the bullet itself, or may even be reduced to a simple slit, whereas the inner table may be quite extensively fractured. At the wound of exit the reverse is true. The outer table will be more extensive ly fractured than the inner, and in ad dition to this, the entire aperture at the wound of exit, as the ball strikes" on te concave surface of the skull, is apt to be much larger than the wound, of entrance. . " " ' , ' ' ; ' "The recent advance in cerebral sur gery has materially changed treatment of such wounds. The difference between the ; modern' . treatment ' of gunshot wounds of the brain and the older methods is due largely to the' aDCllca tlon of antiseptfc discoveries and the consequent boldness with whuch sur geons interfere; to the use of the alum inum gravity probe, and to knowledge of the facts that drainage of the' brain is not only possible, but essential, and that for the purpose both of searching for the bullet and removing it surgeons should often make a counter opening by trephining." Chicago Daily Tribune. REV. DR. MAYER DEAD. First Rabbi of the Congregation Beth! Israel Passes Away. Hartford, Jan. 1. The Rev. Dr. Isaac Mayer, who was the first rabbi of the Congregation Beth Israel in this city, died last Friday morning at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Rose M, Stern, No. 970 Trinity avenue, New York city, after a brief illness, the prostration be ing caused by pneumonia. Dr. Nathan Mayer of this city, the son of the de ceased, was called to New York, Tues day, and was with the sufferer through his last hours. The Rev. Dr. Mayer was born in Alsace, December 14, 1809, and was past eighty-eight years of age. The last time he was in the city was at the wedding anniversary of Mr. Abra ham Hollander in October. . At that time he visited many old friends here and was received with the utmost pleas ure by them. On Monday of this week he was taken sick, but the attack was no regarded with serious apprehension until last night. The deceased was the first rabBi of the Congregation Beth Israel, beginning his work here as a teacher and preach er. That was on the 1st of April, 1859. The school was in the old Touro hall. Miss Burbank of the , Hartford high school was the first assistant. Dr. Mayer continued his active work here until August 10, 1873. He introduced modern forms of worship and left last ing impressions for good in the com munity, which had been honered by his presence and intellectual attainments. The wife of the Rev. Dr. Mayer, who died here upwards of twenty-five years ago, was Miss Betty Maas of Frank-fort-on-the-Main prior to her marriage. The children, who survive, are Dr. Na than Mayer, Mrs. Stern of New York city, Mr. Louis Mayer of this city, Mr. Alfred Mayer of Belleville, 111., and Pro fessor Henry C. Mayer ofcthe Hartford public schools. Dr. Charles S. Stern of this city is a grandson. The deceased was a prominent member of B'nai Brith. His remains will be brought to this city, and will be interred in the family grounds. The arrangements for the funeral will be made after the re turn of Dr. Nathan Mayer. BRIDGEPORT'S NEW POSTMASTER Bridgeport, Jan. 1. Senator William H. Marigold to-day took possession of the office of postmaster in Bridgeport, succeeding Postmaster Steward. The keys and office records were turned over to the new postmaster in that official's private office which was elab orately decorated. A reception has been in progress there all day. The outgoing postmaster was presented with a handsome Knights Templar watch charm by the office carriers. A WANDERJNG MISSIVE LETTElt THAI' HAS TRAVELED BOO,. OOO MILES AND STILL KEEPS ON. " It Is the Class Letter of the Class of 1844, Yale Has Crossed the Continent One Hundred and Fifty Times. 'A remarkable letter has been going the rounds of the country and has at ' was received on Sunday last by John. A. Dana. It is not the first time Mr. v Dana has received this letter; once a year it reaches him. This letter the postmaster calls the Flying Dutchman; of the mails;' it knows no rest; . it is always on its . rounds. For fifty-three, years it has traveled and has never been lost, al though in those fifty odd years it has traversed fully half a million miles. . ( Now this letter Is in California; now in Alabama, again in Connecticut, than in Minnesota. , It has crossed the con tinent 150 times. It is estimated that ' ' $1,500 in postage has been paid on this ,. : f missive, and if the cost of stationary ' . on which it has been written be. added fully. $2,000 has been expended on it. This letter, like the Flying Dutchman, -.: never grows old, indeed, it renews its' youth each year. Like the Flying Dutchman, too, it will finally find rest. ' Every year its stopping places are tewer ana , rewer and the time must come when there will be none to send it to its further journeying. For this is the class letter of the class of '44 Yale, ' that each year revives in the minds of some few men, full of years and honor; the memories of their college days; that each .year conveys to these few hews, cheerful or sad, of their fellow! survivors. o When the class of44 was graduated, from Yale its members agreed that each year a certain one of them should write : a letter. He should tell in It all about himself, what he is doing, what were his hopes, his prospects, his ambitions. He should tell, too, all he knew ot those who had been his classmates. Then : he should send the letter to the son of Yale '44 who lived nearest to him. This man should add to this strange circu lar letter the news about himself and send it on. , And so the letter should ceaselessly pass along and so it has passed along. . . , One hundred and four men were grad- , uated from Yale in the class of '44. . Of ; -these forty are alive. Here are some of them: John A. Dana of Worcester, ., Mass1.; Augustus A. Coleman of Bir- ..-..-: mingham, Ala.; Abner Rice of Lee, -Mass.; Isaao Atwater of Minneapolis, Minn.; Henry D. Smith of Plantsville, Conn., secretary of - the class; Rev. v-r..-George S. F. Savage of Chicago; Arthur M. Ward of Newark, N, J.; EoTwliTjfBsB,- Wright of Somerville, Mass.; Edward , ;.' F. Breed of Pasadena, ' Cal.i and Charles H. Meeker ofs Rah way, N. J. HOSPITAL SUNDAY. ' ' Contributions and- Liberal Ones Are '- Needed for the Good Work. In accordance with the- custom of many years the New Haven hospital re- '-., spectfully asks of the congregations as sembling for worship on Saturday, the 8th, and Sunday, the 9th of January," 1898, an offering on its behalf. , Whether there be any other charitable work which more directly appeals to the sympathies of religious people we will' not inquire, but we press ujjon their consideration the work committed to our care with the strongest assurance ': of its imperative necessity and its eml- . nent usefulness. During the past year the whole num ber of patients treated has been 1,145. The daily average of patients has beem 118 4-10. This is the largest daily average that' has been reached in twenty yeafs, ex cepting only the year' 1898, For a large part of the year our charitable funds have been . tasked, and our free beds have been in unusual demand. ' Since , sUmmer the increased cost 'of provisions has subjected us to a: corresponding in crease of necessary expenditure. Wo have reason therefore to give a special urgency to the appeal we make. There are some needs of the hospital, more over, that we cannot at present meet, although we regard them imperative; to which we should be glad to turn the attention of the benevolent if they will do us the honor to confer with us. Hop ing for a generous response on hospital Sunday, we make this brief presenta tion of our wants. . i Contributions may be sent at any time to the treasurer, Mr, Charles E. -Curtis, at the City bank, or to the su perintendent, Mr. J. H. Starkweather, ' at the hospial. On the part of the Hospital society, ' CHARLES RAY PALMER, CHARLES. E. GRAVES, WILLIAM O. DAGOETT. Prudential Committee. New Haven, January 1, 1898. MURRAY THE TEMPERANCE ORA TOR. John H. Murray, who was Mr. Mills' assistant, speaking two years ago in Poli's theater, and the 'various churches here, spoke last night to a large au dience in Church Army headquarters on Gregson street. Mr. Murray will speak at the same place to-night and to-morrow night, returning again January 25 for a three weeks' revival services. Meantime meetings will continue nightly and a special temperance meet ing will be held every Wednesday even ing by the "Blue Button Brigade" of which Mr. "Ned" Murphy is one of the : committee. ' CHRISTMAS BURGLARS CAUGHT. Men Who Entered the Dunham Resi. . dence Caught in Thts City. Hartford, Jan. 2. The men who enter ed the house of H. E. Dunham, 21 Pros pect street, Christmas day and took val uable jewelry, were caught in New Ha ven yesterday. They gave the names of William Howard and John Clinton. It the pocket of a stolen overcoat which was found in their possession was the bon bon box, watch and other Jewelry taken from the Dunham residence. The police have been notified and the burg lars brought here for trial.