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NEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, THURSDAY MAY 3 1906 HARTFORD PUBLISHERS. SUBSCRIPTION BOOK BUSINESS AT TIME OF CIVIL WAH. pdndred Canvaaaeri Out at .One Time Their Day Gone By Fine Money Earned Fortunea Made Ex-Lieu-tenant George G, Sumner. Hartford, May 2. The subscription ibook publishing business, which cen tered in Hartford at the itime of the oivil war, large fortunes having been made in it, has practically become ex tinct. The book canvasser's day has passed. Twenty-five years ago hun dreds of canvassers were out for Hart ford publishers. At the present time they can be counted on the tips of one's Angers. One of the first subscription books published in this locality was sent out Into the world from the town of Wethersfleld, The publisher was "William Boardman, a man of great force of character and an eager admirer Of Thomas Jefferson, The book In fact was entitled "Writings and Opinions of Thomas Jefferson." It was Issued in 1838 and is now infrequently met with toy collectors. Mr. Boardman learned ithe printer's trade in the old Hartford Times office under Samuel Bowles and John Russell, father of Dr. Gurdon W. Ruasell, who ig now past ninety years cf age, Mr. Boardman was selected by Mr Bowles to go with him to Spring field 'When the Republican of that city was founded. The whole outfit, type, press and machinery was taken from Hartford up the Connecticut on a flat ibottom boat. The trip suggested a pio neer undertaking. Not one of ithe mem interested In it, not even "Sam" Bowleg with his far-sighted newspaper eense, could have foreseen the splendid out come of Ithe venture. After the found ing of the Springfield Republican Mr. Boardman went to Norwich in this State and o.stablished the Norwich Re publican. His enthusiasm for General Jackson led him to eupporit at the out set that hero's aspirations for the pres idency. He was anxious that the Nor wich Republican should be the flrfit pa per in the state to unfurl the Jackson banner, but he was told by . Gideon JWelles not to Itake that course, as it be longed to the Hartford Times to take the initiative. Gideon Welles was at that time a democrat of the democrats and hand in glove with the Times' (management. Mr. Boardnran's health became impaired by excessive work, compelling him to give Up the newspa ' per field. In 1841, after he had launched the subscription book publish ing business that grew to such propor tions in Hartford in a few years, he took tip the coffee and spice trade, that commanded his interest and manage ment through the rest of his life. He (Started in partnership with John Fox, of Wethersfleld. In 1845 he began bus iness for himself and built up in a few years the largest coffee and spice trade in Connecticut. His sons, William F. J. Boardman and Thomas Jefferson Boardman, the latter hearing the name of h-ls favorite statesman, were admit- I ted to partnership with him. He was a merchant prince in Hartford for" years. HIa 1 name is indelfbly connected with tlie South Park Methodist church in Hartford, of which he was one of the founders and the richest patron. He died here November 3, 1887, leaving a priceless heritage for those who should come after him. William F. J. Board man, who has been engaged for a iram tier Of years in preparing the Boardman Genealogy, has he work now in the printers' hands. Its publication win omplete an enterprise that has long had a place in the heart and mind of tho author, Mr. Boardman. He has given it some of the best thought of his ,. life, sparing nothing in the way oPtime and money that would ensure complete ness &nd scholarship. - There is no end of political allegiance towards the late United States Senator O. H. Piatt in this state. In touch with the splendid eulogies that have been made In congress within a few days, the Hon. H. Wales Lines, of Meriden, has had the facts of Senator Piatt's home reception after his election to the sen ate given anew. The etory, Which Is one of absorbing interest, fittingly pre ludes the Meriden centennial, which is now near at hand. The reception, Trtiioh 'was a spontaneous outburst of TJUblio feeling in Meriden towards Uni ted States Senator Piatt, took place oni Wednesday evening, January 22, 1879. Senator Unea was mayor of Meriden at that time and a member of the state "senate. The distinguished citizens of Meriden tad members of the legisla ture, who participated in the event In cluded the Hon. Abiram Chamberlain, Charles h. Rockwell, Judge Levi E. Coe, John W. Coe, Senator Oliver Hoyt of the old Twelfth district, the Hon. I. , Luther Spencer of . Suffleld, Mar-cus B. ' 'Baldwin of Woodbridge, who had voted steadily through the whole caucus until the last ballot for Governor Henry B. Harrison : of New Haven, but on the lat voted for Piatt, Samuel M. Gard ner of Derby, Dr. G. Grove Wilson and Cephas Rogers of Meriden. One of the interesting features of the function was the doming of Mayor Lines' workmen to pay their respects to Senator Piatt. Two hundred Sunday school scholars, who knew the senator In the church where he worshipped, called and re ceived his recognition. It would not be amiss to add that this band of boys has done yeoman's work in Meriden for good citizenship under the memory of the Piatt reception. Senator Lines wag chairman of the committee In charge of th Piatt campaign at the Capitol. It was to him that the notable dispatch from Mr. Piatt was sent, directing the policy that was to "be pursued in sup porting his candidacy. That dispatch dn its entirety is a credit and honor. Its reproduction is refreshing: "New Haven, Conn., Jan. 14. "To Hon. H, Wales Lines, : "Senator, Sixth District: 'lly duties here make it impossible for me to giye direction or even thought 'to the senatorial matter. I leave it en tirely 'with you and the Meriden repre sentatives, with (these suggestions: Make no combination or bargains and entertain no proposals for anything; let no friend of mine disparage any other candidate. Put the argument solely on what you may think" of me, my ability to represent the state and the best in terests of the republican party. "O. H. PLATT." "That," said Senator Lines, in read ing the diBpatch at the reception. "was Mr. Plat's platform." Marcus E. Bald nrtn, with characteristic wit, added: "That is a sound 'Platt-form.' " The recalling of these old tributes from neighbors and friends to the great statesman is an occupation that will leave ennobling results. Ex-Lieutenant-Governor Gearge G. Sumner ia at Atlantic City for the pres ent at Hotel Brighton. He 1b one of the most popular visitors at this New Jer sey resort, his splendid personality making him as attractive to Jerseymen as he Is to men In Connecticut. He has been afcsent from Hartford during the month. First Vice-President Charles E. Chase, of the Hartford Fire Insur ance company, has returned from At lantic City, where he was spending several weeks on account of his health. The San Francisco calamity necessita ted his returning home at an earlier date than he had planned. There is a counting, of the heavy stockholders In the Hartford ' at the present time. President George L. Cha?e, of the com pany, and Theodore Lyman, of the class of 1S55 at Tale, are the largest holders, President Chase owning In the neighborhood of six hundred and sev-enty-iflve shares. Mr, Lyman has about the same number. The Hartford is the heaviest loser in the east by the conflagration. The company's Burplus will be considerably depleted (n set tling the Insurance, But it will come out of the ordeal with colors flying. The San Francisco field has been Pres ident Chase's favorite, one, carte blanche having been the maxim in un derwriting San Francisco risks. DO FLYING FISH R.EALY FLY? Two Widely Diverse Views Upon the Subject. Two papers on the eternal flying fish problem have appeared almost simul taneously and express widely diverse views. In the one published in the Jahrbuch of the Australn Geological Survey. Dr. Abel, after describing the various kinds of fossil flying fish, concludes that neither the typical flying flsjh or the flying gurnards ever use their pectoral fins as active organs of fight. On the contrary, the initial impefus by means of which these fishes are launched in to the air is due entirely to powerful acrewlike movements of the tail fin, and this impetus Is sufficient to carry them to the end of their jounrey, the "wings" acting merely as parachutes. In other words, the fight Is precisely similar to that of a flat stone when thrown up So as to ricochet from the points where It touches the water till it finally falls. In the second paper, publlshtd in the January number of the Annals and Magazine of Natural History, the author, Liuet-Col. C. D. Durnford, takes precisely the opposite view, main taining, on mechanical grounds, that the aeroplane theory, as the above may be called, is an absolute physical im possibility, owing to the fact that the wing surface, is far too small in pro portion to the size and weight of the body to sustain the fish during Its long flight. This being admitted, the only altera tlve Is to supose that the "wings" are moved with an exceedingly rapid vibra tory motion througout the whole fight, and are thus, after the first initial im petus, the propelling power. The au thor further maintains that the wing movements which many observers have noticed when a flying fish touches a wave are not movements de noro, but merely such a slowing down of the con tlnuous rapid vibrations as to render them visible to the eye. If Col. Durn- ford's. mechanical data are trustworthy as they seem to he his case appears to he proved. The next point, however, to ascertain Is whether the muscles which work the pectoral fins of flying fish are really capable of imparting to them the pow er of maintaining these rapid and con tinuous vibrations, which are the es sential part of the new theory. Lon don Field. SOCIETY IN THE TIME OF VOL TAIRE. How to be indecorous with decorum- French society solved that difficult problem with the finest ingenuity. Even the bal masque had the air of order and decency.. Madame herself lived in the same hotel as her husband, and caressed or at least scolded their child at her toilet.' Her lover was always amtbiguously alluded to as her friend. The irregularities of her life were de cently concealed by her woman used to the business ;and by her husband himself. Sufficiently illustrative of the base cynicism and the careful regard for appearances of the immorality of the time is that story of the husband who, finding his wife with her lover, merely exclaimed: "Consider, madame, how imprudent! Suppose it had been any one else . but . myself!" As fine clothes hid a whole hearted disregard for personal cleanliness, fine manners hid a cool and planned corruption wholly matchless. For these people were false even In their sin. t, Falling the public ball, madame went to the publio theatre. Stme-of the plays to which She listened bear favor able comparison In decency of language with the plays, to which twentieth cen tury society, listens, complacently to day. Voltaire complained of the gross ness of Shakespeare as contrasted with the great playwrights of his own coun try. But in Intention, in situation, the French stage in the eighteenth century had a soft loathsomeness to which even the loud and boisterous Indecencies of the Restoration dramatists are prefer able. Of the dessous des cartes of madame's amusements, as of her life, the less said the hetter. Sometimes, like Mine, du Chaiet she would spend whole days in bed "without being ill." Far from cut ting her off from society, her friends were then amusing "her from morning till night. Gossip, music and verses gave the hours winged feet. In the evening her supper tray a beautifully compact little table containing all the necessary courses and their plates and dishes fixed into it was wheeled to her bedside, and over it, without the gene of the presence of servant?, her abbe of the morning told her the good stories (which were always very bad) he had collected since they parted, and after twelve hours, during which she had not performed a single duty or done a kind ness to any living soul, she settled to the complete the complete repose of the bad heart and the good digestion S. G. Tallentyre, in The Cornhiil Magazine. LAST OF THDGS OF INDIA, i 31 Ky WHO REVUCED UVRDER I TO A FIVE ART. Religious Devotee That Divided Spoils of Their Crime With Temple. Hon Members of the Bands Were Initiated It was a snappy inspiration that led to the adoption of the word "thug" as a synonym for a ferocious criminal. Its very sound is suggestive of silent and sudden murder. It echoes the thug of the slungshot. , This of course, is a mere coincidence; the word is not English, in spite of its sound. It is Hindustanee, and came to this country by way of England. There it has newspaper currency, but re tains its historical meaning a caste of Indian stranglers. In becoming popular the term has suffered some degradation, for the thugs of India were no vulgar sluggers and murderers, says the Los Ahgel63 Times. They were religious devotees and artist In crime. De Quincey would rhave given them high rank among the practitioners of "Murder Considered as a Fine Art." The Thugs, indeed, were under vows to Kali Devi, the Mack browatd con sort of . Sllva the Destroyer. She Is that terrible personage who appears in the Hindu Pantheon as a fierce but beautiful woman, ridding on ft tiger, or as a hideous, blood stained idol gar landed with skulls, Banded together as caste brothers, the Thugs hunted men to offer them to deity of destruc tion, and because she required a blood less sacrifice they killed, their victims by suffocation. The Thugs, not being cannibals, could not live by mere murder. So they rofobed their victims and divided the spoils between themselves and the temples of Kali. As a religious body they were protected by the- Brahmins and by pious but impecunious Eajahs, who licensed and taxed them. It was an easy way for a ruler to increase his revenue and the victims were travelling merchants who would not be missed. During the many centuries of war and anarchy in India Thuggee flourish ed mightily. Under Aurungzebe, to whom as a Moslem Kali was an ab horred idol, it suffered a check. Hindu fanaticism supported it The Nawab of Surat had captured a band of Thugs and was about to release them for a ransom offered toy certain Banians, who hoped to acquire "religious merit" by the act. The Emperor ordered the Thugs to be strung up by the left hands in the Jungle and left there to die. The Banians, prototypes . of the ; senti mentalists who present notorious modern criminals with bouquets, ban queted the stranglers before the ex ecution. . . These terrors of the Indian highway are now extinct, like the sabre touched tiger. About sixty years, ago many hundreds were executed end, the re mainder transported or put to "work at tent making and other peaceful trades, in strict confinement. It was the writer's privilege a few years back to visit one of the. last of these world famous stranglers. .He had been captured young, and sen tenced to imprisonment for life in a central Indian jail. In a cool corridor that overlooked the sunlit garden a venerable old man was weaving the pattern of a Persian car pet. Tall and erect, with snowy mus tache and high caste features, he might have passed in uniform for a British Colonel bronzed by years of service. He showed not a single one of the crlterlous of the type criminal as de scribed by Lombroso. Nadhoo, so he was called, had been so long a prisoner that he was rather cared for as curiosity, a muBeum speci men, than treaed as a criminal. He had become an expert in weaving, and when the looms were idle was by no means unwilling to talk of his experi ences as a Thug. He had been born In the caste, and devoted early to the er vice of Kail. His father led him to a secret place In the jungle and there initated him, by the weird rite of the corpse and the dagger into the free masonry of the brotherhood. He learned their signs, how to interpret the omen of the owl, the patter of the "ramawsi" the secret language of the craft. Being a precocious youth, as he said, he was selected to play the part of "talker," or confidence man. He was ostensibly a traveler on the Dehll road, where the Indian Midland Rail way now runs, for his (brother, who dealt in silk and cotton goods in a Dec can city. Of his exploits as talker for the band of Tulsl Ram, a notorious Thug executed long ago for his crimes, he told this tale. , . - "Tulsl Ram was the right arm of Kali, and I was the right am of Tulsl Ram. It was I who decoyed Nasur Khan, the rich jeweller, with coaxing words, as men take carp from a pond by tickling their sides. "Nasur was journeying jto Delhi with gems from Mysore and a caravan laden with silks in bales and rich brocades. I came before him as a poor trader, begging for perrnllm to Join his train for the sake of protection against thieves. c A twinkle in the old tnen's eye be trayed his relish of the irony of the situation.- "Nasur was as hard as the stones he dealt in ," he continued, "and the price he demanded for his protection was high. Then I told him that the Rajah of Mulwa had news of the approach of his caravan, and Nasur's heart became as water, for he feared the horsemen of Mulwa and the toll they take. An I I, suppling my tongue with the oil of per-, suasion, harped on his fears and drew hjm on to a safer way where Tulsl and his band were waiting and where our brethen of the pickaxe had dug long trenches in the jungle grass. .' "Nasur's heart as glad within him when he rode aside from Mulwa and when he met Tulsl Ram merry was his greeting. Quiet merchants an they seemed my brothers and Nasur's men chatted with them as travellers will of the price of grain. And as they con versed together they made a jest ahout the Thug'. So my brethren gathered round Khan and . his men two to a traveller and when all were listening open mouthed to a story of Hatlm Tai's, an owl hooted twice from the jungle- That was the signal." . The old man illustrated with wrist and knuckle the act of tightening the rumal, or handerchlef, round the neck of the victim. He told how the travel lers weres buried while warm in the graves that had been prepared for them. For himself it was his destiny to be a Thug. "It is our custom," he said. "The potter's son takes to the potter's wheel; the coppersmith's to the tinkling manner." Strangely enough the veteran became himself a sacrifice to the goddess of his vows. For Kali Devi is also the pa troness of that scourge of India, cholera morbus, and next hot weather the old Thug passed during an epidemic Kali had stretched out one of her hundred hands and called her devotee away. ' From the confession it seems that winning the confidence of their victims was the mainstay of the Thug business. There was not the bold, overt, "Your money or your life" attack of the ban dit, but the crafty approach of the criminal tactician, They reckoned on taking, their man off his guard, as the "coney catcher" did in sixteenth cen tury London, as the bunco man does to-day in Western America- Confi dence operations are as old as graft It-! self. The work of suppressing Thuggee was done by Colonel Sleeman, one of those martvr. to exile and official duty that the Indian civil service needs and trains. In the district where he re placed blackmail and brigandage by law and order the town of Sleemanabad Sleeman's city stands for his monu ment The long task of rounding up the Thug bands was made easier by disaffection within their ranks. The powerful religious band was broken when unbelieving Moslems were ad mitted as members of the robber caste, and rose to be leaders. Fhen Kali worship became a mere pretext for rob bery and murder and Thuggee fell be for the represeive measure of a strong executive. One is not surprised to hear of Euro pean criminals adopting methods more or less like those of the Thuga. If a robber can trust his pal two heads and two pairs of hands are better than one. A skillful grasp on the throat by one man. stifles the cry for help and safeguards the operators of his partner. But as no idea 'of religious duty would avail in court, they must stop short of strangulation or risk a charge of mur der. The garrotters who Infested London in the '60s chocked 'but did not kill the late returning citizens. When chloro form came , into use in surgery the underworld of crime, or at any rate Its master minds at once apreclated its value- It was painless, it was safe for them; the victim would awake in a state of mental confusion he could give 1 the police n6 clew. The drug became ! popular with the scientific criminals j who operated on English railroad lines, ! where the closed compartments secure j privacy. Sometimes a subject died j under chloroform by misadventure, but ! that might have happened at the hands of a young medical practitioner. : In Paris, however the trioks of In dian Thuggee have been closely, fol lowed. Look ove- the files of the Pari, slan papers of ; recent years, ytiu will find accounts of men found dead in lonely places with leather cords around their necks and empty pockets.1 .They had resisted the attacks of strangler thieves. In other cases wealthy men returning late from the opera on foot, fell victims to the handkerchief trick. In this case the "foulard" of heavy Lyons silk took the place of the cotton "rumal'' of the Thug. ; A robber dressed like a workman or petit bourgeois would approach a be lated clubman and offer him for sale a ring, ostensibly picked up from the pavement. If monsieur did not take alarm the robber's partner, who had crept up behind his victim, snared his mouth and throat in a noose. Then with a quick jiu-jitsu turn the thug heaved him oft the ground on to his own back, like a sack of coal, and his partner stepped up and rifled Mon sieur's pockets. The latter was then dropped on the pavement with force enough tto stun him and the thugs made their escape. The French gendarmerie trace this clever and bloodless operation to the teaching of a professor who lectured In the criminal quarter of Paris some six ty years since. About, that time the Thugs of India were being brought to trial, and the revelations that followed excited great Interest In Europe. It is very 41kely that the professor borrowed! his line of treatment from these pub lished cases. But old Nadhoo of the jail would have said that the spirit of an executed Thug had incarnated it self In the Frenchman in order to prop agate Ithe mystery of Thuggee In the vjrgln soli of France. The Thugs of India, it is said, began as devotees, but ended as brigands. Some form of brigandage, indeed, seems lndemic in Asiatic countries that are not ruled by the strong hand. . Bur ttiah is a case in point, and so are it-he Phillplnes. The Thug3 of iBurmah are called da colts. During the first few years of the British occupation the troops were ac tively employed in small detachments in hunting down the "dakus" and lay ing their chiefs by the heels, It was a rough school for subalterns. The nature of the warfare is well illustrated in Kipling's "The .Taking of Lungtung pen," a tale of the harrying of a dacolt stronghold by Mulvaney's detachment. But dacoity is now extinct in Burmah and the country Is policed by native constabulary. ---. EVER BURNING MOUNTAINS. Huge Beds of Coal Afire for Ages In the Rocky Mountains. : Through a lone line of cliffs from Colorado to central Utah, and then southwest toward Arizona, extensive beds of coal are found, and recent geological Investigations Into this coal formation of the Far West has develop ed what may be termed burning moun talnse, or coal heds, a fire with surface indications of constant combustion for ages past. Like other coal producing States of the Rocky Mountain region,.' the coal fields of Utah are somewhat widely separated, and even the known fields have been comparatively little explored therefore very little is known of their productive area. The edges of these beds come to the eurface in these cliffs nearly 1,000 feet above bordering desert, and In ages past this coal has burned into the mountain cliffs until smothered by the accumulations of ashes and covering of superlncumhent rocks. In places the heat of this burning coal has .been s0 intense as to melt the rocks. From surface appearances the fires have gone out in these cliffs, but at one point in the canon of Prince River, where the coal is being mined, the rocks are found to be uncomfortably hot and the miners were compelled to retire for fear the fires would again break out. Other coal fields lie in the desert west of Green river. At two places near tributaries of Fremont River, the coals are burning, and have been without cessation since they were discovered by the earliest explorer. At certain in tervals, as the burning of the thick be is progresses, producing cavernous spaces in the earth, the rocks cave in forming vents for the freer circulation of air. Then the coal burns more fiercely and the heat becomes so in tense as to even melt the rocks. The origin of these fires has been the sub ject of much speculation. Three explanations are commonly heard among the people the Mormons who inhabit this peculiar country where the mountains burn. . One explanation is that lightning has by chance struck the edgeB of these coal beds at various times since these mountains were lifted up. ' Another is that forest fires raging in the mountains .came... in contact, with exposed coal'. The more though tfuf point out that the forests in this de sert region are too sparse for the forest fires to occur. " ' Still another and more common ex planation is that the Indians built their eampflres under the protecting ledges of the mountains against the coal, and it was thus Ignited. They point to. the fact that there are ruins of the habita tions of cliff dwellers here, and that In their day the coals began to burn. The coal miner in this region sees still anoiher possible cause for these fires.' In the dry mines, and most of them are dry mines, they observe that when a quantity of water is thrown upon a heap of dry coal, it spontaneous ly begins to burn, and if not protected will burn the mine. Now It can be seen that if the rocks are rent by some .subterranean cause.as sometimes happens, there may be a sud den access of water to the fresh, dry coal, causing spontaneous combustion. Washington Evening Star. HAND MADE RAG DOLLS. Success of Two Girls "With an Industry Started to Amuse Children. From a plaything designed to amuse two children originated an Industry which has attained a remarkable growth and become famous throughout the world. In a thriving little town not far from Oswego, N. Y., a unique and Interesting business is being conducted by a woman. It is the manufacture of hand made dolls, which are no more or less than an evolution of Jhe rag doll of a century ago, Improved and beiutifled, but still bearing the hallmark of the old time favorite. , The success of this en terprise furnishes a striking proof that business genius Is not confined to men The business conducted by Miss Mari etta Adams, originally for pleasure, has continued for profit. Although still a home industry, it has (become an estab lished business of not a little, commer cial imprtance. Many wmen are em plye'd, and so great is the demand .for these rag babies that it is almost Im possible to fill the orders. ! The indus try is a living example of the fact that capital and a college education are hot always necessary to win success In the commercial world. ; There were two sisters in the begin ning who started the work. One, Miss Emma Adams, was at the time a suc cessful crayon and oil artist; 'the other, Miss Marietta, was a stenographer for a large western business house. fhe incident which led up to an Inde pendent business career for the twD girls occurred while visiting friends in Chicago, Just to give pleasure to some little folk several dolls were made. So attractive were they that friends de sired, to purchase them, One admirer took upon herself to show them to a de partment store, with the result that the firm offered a market at once for all the dolls tSat they couldmakethatseason. - In, 1898 a collection was entered for sale in the children's building at the Columbian exposition. So great 'was the demand for them that with all the assistance at command it was impossi ble to fill orders. At the close of the exposition, to the surprise and delight Of the young women, their work was awarded honorable mention fcy the World's Columbian Exposition commis sioners. Success continued to follow in' BELOW tny other manufacturer or dealer in the world. or on any kind of terms, until you have received onr complete Free Cata logues illustrating and describing every kind of high-grade and low-grade bicycles, old patterns and latest models, and learn of our remarkable LOW I'KIOES and wonderful new offers made possible by selling from factory direct to rider with no middlemen's profits. WE SHIP OH APPROVAL without a ceHt deposit. Pay the Freight and allow 10 Days Free Trial and make other liberal terms which no other house in the world will do. You will learn everything end get much valu able Information by simply writing us a postal. We need a RldBP Aaant in everv town ond pan offer an nrmnrhiniw to make money to suitable .50 PlfflOTURE .80 To introduce Wo Will Soli , KAILS, TA0K3 You a Samaio OR 6 LASS WON'T LET Pain for Only OUT THE AIR H ICA9M WITH ORDER no More trouble from punctures. ,T npiilf f t e wanra AvftArtatiM in fir r . " . . ftfflmff W58 making. No danger from THORNS, CAC- I I TVS. PINS, NAILS. TACKS or GLASS. I j De vuicanizea nice any outer tire, Two Hundred Thousand pairs now in actual Seventy-five Thousand pairs sold last year. DESORIPTIBNl Made in all sizes. It is lively and easy riding, vcTy durable and lined imide with a special quality of rubber, which never becomes porous and which closes up small punctures without allowing the air to escape. We have hundreds of letters from satisfied customers statins it their tires have only been pumped up once or twice in a whole season. They weigh no more than ordinary tire, the puncture resisting qualities being given by several lavers of thin speSallv soared fahricon the tread. That "Holding Back" sensation commonlvfelt whpn riHimr An .,n.u an ordinary tire, the puncture resisting; qualities prepared fabric on the tread. That "Holding Back" or soft roads is overcome by the patent "Basket Weave" tread which prevents all air from being squeered out between the tire and the road thus overcoming alt suction. The regular price of these tires is J8.50 per pair, but for advertising purposes we are making a special factory price to the rider of only per pair. All orders shipped same day letter is received. We ship G.O.D. on approval. You do not pay a cent nntil you have examined and found them strictly as represented. We will allow a cash discount of 5 per cent (thereby making the price $4.53 per pair) if von send FULL CASH WITH ORDER and enclose this advertisement. We will also send one nickel plated brass hand pump and two Sampson metal puncture closers on full paid orders (these metal puncture closers to be used in case of intentional knife cuts or heavy gashes). Tires to be returned at OUR expense if for any reason they are not satisfactory on examination. We are perfectly reliable and money sent to u9 is as safe as in a bank. Ask your Postmaster Banker, Express or Freight Agent or the Editor of this paper about us. If you order a pair ol these tires, you will find that they will ride easier, run faster, wear better, last longer and look finer than any tire you have ever used or seen at any price. We know that you will be so well pleased that when you want a bicycle you will give us your order. We want you to send at a small trial order at once, hence this remarkable tire offer. FSn A ZTFB- RITA KES bnUt-np-wheels, saddles, pedals, parts and repairs, and wUiS C,ri0s.0 everything in the bicycle line are sold by us at halt the usual prices charged by dealers and repair men. Write for our big SUNDRY catalogue. fifl MI flT VJAIT ut T"'-5 us a. P1 t0?ay- DO WT THMK. OF BUYING a rgfU f wtMM bicycle or a pair of tires from anyone until you know the new and wonderful offers we are making. It only costs a postal to learn everything. Write it NOW. mm cycle ..cosspm; ospt. "j lm cHicieo? iu the waka, of the dolls, and for the next five years the number manufactured was doubled, until in 1904 it reached the five thousand mark. Up to the fall 'of 1S98, the mother and two daughters constituted the working force. Soon afterward Miss Emma Adams, the pioneer of the enterprise, died sud denly.Slnce "then a large force has been employed and 'artists engagad to paint the heads. , . Several years ago the dolls attracted the attention of Mrs. E. R. Horton, of Boston, ; a great doll fancier. So . de lighted was she with the dolls that she hot only added one to her collection, but selected a fine specimen to send around the world, to be placed on ex.hi bltin in' cities and towns for the bene fit of children's charities. It started, on its trip in March, 1900, In true American fashion, alone and unchaperoned, and spent one year In various states, then crossed to the Philippine Islands. These playthings are widely scattered among European countries and many are to be found in the collections of children of royalty. Chicago Tribune. ; "Tell me," requests the young . per son, entering the . study of the . gray beareded philosopher, "what. is the dif ference between friendship and love?" The gray-bearded philosopher . studies the table thoughtfully for a moment or two, then replies: "Friendship, my son, is a mutual understanding;, love ,is a mutual misunderstanding." Life r ffftDnr n voice j&sUA J LaU Build r Lessons o booking ftndlo,SSIaurane Um11i)Ii& WHAT THIS OLD COUNTRY GENTLEMAN HAS TO SAY ABOUT THE FEET. IF DR. WELCH does not give the best service In. treating the feet, who does? I had him, treat my feet five years ago and the relief is etill going on The Corns, nor Bunions have not showed up yet,' but am going to sea him about my halls, and a hard bunch on the sole of my foot when I get back. Dr. Welch is a tip-top fixer for the feet and makes , the best remedies. Those Balsam plasters are. a heap of power and healing influence when ap plied to the :feet.. That Alleviator he uses, too, does oceans of good and Dr. Welch knows how to get the best re sults out of it- If you have any trou ble with your feet go to DR. WELCH, , 792 Chapel Street, NEW HAVEN, CONN. Office Hours, 8 a. m, to S p. m. Sunday, JO to 12. IS ILLJT fSLL OOST Yd P I to write for our big FKEE BIOrCLE catalogue showing the most complete line of high-grade BICYCLES. TIKES and SHNDRTfCH at R?f!ir.s DO NOT BUY A DIGYCUZ i??JTX young men who apply at once. - PBOGF TIRES ?-NX Notlne the thick rubber tread A" una puncture strips "B" and "O," also rim strip 'H" to prevent rim cutting. This tire wiU ontlast any other make SOFT, ELASTIC and EASTl BIDING!. . USD. Over beinst eiven by several lavers o sensation commonly felt when ridine on asphalt a m .1 A 'tft'. m------- -""if PEB PAIR Won't have to come so often if you use one of our Ice Saving Refrigerators This summer. We have a fine line of High Grade Refrigerators wo are sell ing at LOW GRADE PRICES. All sizes and prices. : From $4.00 to $25.00 J, .(J, Cronan & Go. Heating and" Plumbing: Contractor, 8 CHURCH STREET. Nov Haven Ice Go t)ealers in LAKE WHITNEY 191 Orange St., Telephone No, 378. His New Pope Hartford IS HERE. Call, write or 'phone and request a demonstration. v 'PflOSIl 10873...'. THE UNIVERSITY GARAGE St John and Olive Sts. The largest Auto Station ; In Newt England. Best equipped to buy Store, rent, repnir or . sell Automobiles. TYPE ia The Pope-Toledo, 3C-40 Homo C. S. JOHNSTON CO., Props. v Agents for the Celebrated Pope Toledo and Pope Hartford Automobiles Pope Waverly Electrics, Also that wonderful MERCEDES CAR. POPE-TRinUNE TOUIUNG CAR, fOOO. VISITTHE GUil STORE For all kinds of " Fishing Tackle and Bait; to see the best bargains and the best makes of all kinds' of 'Fire-. arms and Ammunition ; to get your keys refitted and your electric bells repaired; to listen to the sweetest toned talking machines, and. to be rightly treated in every way. ; LADY ATTENDANT. - Johii E. -Brisiett; Proprietor. Gun Store, 5 Churn St. CompressedAir : Carpet Cleaning Works Wo. 1H Court Street. Carpets called for and delivered. Carbets cleaned and laid; also rttari over, in fact everything done ia th uarpet line. All work satisfactorily and promptly done. Telephone call. 132-.. Give iy CHAPEL STREET 'XiZ1l US i ICE.