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NEW HAVEN MOBNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, SATURDAY MAY 5 190G. HITS OIL TRUST (Continued from Ninth Page-) manufactures upon the free list. Fur thermore, the time has come when no oil or coal lands held by the govern ment, either upon the public domain proper or In territory owned by the In dian tribes, should be alienated. The Xee to such lands should be kept in the United States government whether or not the profits arising from it are to be given to any Indian trJbe, and the landg should be leased only on such terms and for such periods as will enable the gov ernment to keep entire control thereof. THEODORE iROOSEVELT. The "White House, May 4, 1908. Department of Commerce and Lalbor. Bureau of Corporations, Washington, May 2, 1902. Sir I have the honor t6 submit :the part of the report on the oil industry which has to do wl'th the subject of transportation and freight rates. House resolution No. 4f9, passed Feb ruary 15, 1905, directed particular at tention to the condition of the Kansas oil field. The study of the oil industry which had heretofore been made by the bureau showed that a special report upon the conditions in the Kansas field would not toe advisable. A report on any special field would necessarily be unfair to both the producers and re finers, for the reason that the purely local conditions do not iby any means determine the price of either crude oil or Its products or afford a proper basis for understanding the conditions of the industry. Therefore, a general and very extensive investigation has been con ducted, covering the following subjects: 1. The crude oil production In the United States and its relation to the world's supply; the prices and methods of purchase. 2. The use, development and control of pipe lines. 3. Reftnlng of oil; the control of re fineries; the cost of refining and mar keting; the prices of petroleum prod ucts. 4. The organization, ownership, and relation of the companies engaged In the production, manufacture, and dis tribution of oil. 5. The comparative methods used in the production and ale of oil. 6. Transportation and freight rates. 7. Foreign trade and conditions and their relation to the domestic industry. I have personally visited nearly all of the great fields, and have been in communication, either personally or many hundred producers and practic ally all the refiners and transportation agencies engaged in the distribution of oil. A special agent of the bureau was sent to Europe to study at first hand the conditions in foreign producing fields and distributing markets. The facts obtained have in every feasible way been verified by examination of 'the original sources of information, i By far the greater part of the materi al necessary for the completion of the entire report has been collected. The preliminary study of this material showed that the most Important sub ject "was transportation, because the cost of transportalon is a very large percentage of the total cost to the con sumer jf the finished product, and hence a most important factor in com petition.' The control of the Standard Oil com pany over the entire oil industry is so great as to require a special study of its relations to transportation compa hies. ' I therefore first submit the accompa nying report upon the subject of rail way transportation and freight rates. As it necessarily covers many details, I beg to invite your attention to the following summary of its more promin ent features. The manufacture of refined oil, com monly known as kerosene, is about 26, 000,000 barrels annually, of which the Standard Oil company directly and in directly controls albout 23,000,000. It al 60 controls approximately the same proportion of the other finished prod ucts of petroleum. The refineries owned or controlled by the Standard Oil company are located near New York, Philadelphia, Balti more, Chicago, Kansas City, in western New York and Pennsylvania, in West Virginia, Ohio, Kansas, Colorado, Cali fornia and Texas. Its largest .refineries are located at the great centers of dis tribution, which are connected by pipe lines with the crude oil fields. The re fined products are carried by rail and water. The Independent refineries that is, those not owned or controlled by the Standard OH company are lo cated, with a very few exceptions at or hear the crude oil fields. This dif ference of location, as will be seen lat er, is of importance. The Standard claims that the location of Us refineries and the use of pipe lines are natural advantages to which It is Justly entitled by reason of the energy and foresight of its managers. While in a measure that is true, It must not be forgotten that these advantages were in part obtained by means of un fair competitive methods after years of fierce industrial strife. The development of the pipe-line sys tem by the Standard Oil company was the result of special agreements with railroad companies. Furthermore, these so-called natural advantages have been and are being greatly increased by dis criminations in freight rates, both pub lished and secret, interstate and state, which give the Standard monopolistic control in the greater portion of the country, and which so limit competi tion as to practically prevent the ex tension of the business of any inde pendent to a point which even remote ly endangers the supremacy of the Standard. An immediate result of this delimita tion of the competitive area is shown by the prices of ordinary illuminating oil throughout the country. After de ducting the freight rate the price of such oil is usually from two to five cents a gallon higher in the non-com-metltive than in the competitive fields. A reasonable profit upon refined oil is about one-half cent per gallon. It is clear that exorbitant profits are ob tained in the non-competitive fields. This monopolistic control extends from the well of the producer to the door of the consumer. The facts regarding freight rates have been obtained by the examination of thousands of entries upon railroad records. With but a single important exception, railroad companies have, up on application of the bureau of corpor ations, given access to business of both SLAte and interstate business. The New York Central company refused for it self and Its affiliated lines to give ac cess to records of state rates. 'At the beginning of this investigation the offi cials of the Standard Oil company stat ed that that company had not ob tained In recent years and was not now obtaining any rebate or other transpor tation discrimination as against com petitors. They invited the most careful Investigation of the subject. Upon the request of its attorney, all the essential facts discovered by this bureau were presented to the company at the close of the investigation, and an exhaustive statement relating there to was made by its chief traffic officer. There was no denial of the facts found, but explanations in particular situa tions were offered, and it was urged that the facts did not show any viola tion by the Standard of the letter or spirit of the interstate commerce law. A most careful review of the facts and the explanations leads to the following conclusion: The Standard Oil company has habit ually received from the railroads, and is now receiving, secret rates and other unjust and illegal discriminations. During 1904 the Standard saved about three-quarters of a million dollars through the secret rates discovered by the ibureau, and of course there may be other secret rates which the bureau has not discovered. This amount rep resents the difference between the open rates and the rates actually paid. Many of these discriminations were clearly In violation of the interstate commerce law, and others, whether technically il legal or not, had the same effect upon competitors. On some state business secret rates were applied by means of rebates. These discriminations have been so long continued,, so secret, so ingenious, ly applied to new conditions of trade, and so large In amount fts to make it certain that they were due to concerted action hy the Standard and the rail roads. The Standard Oil company is receiv ing unjust dsicrlmlnatlons in open rates. The published rates from the leading Standard shipping points are relatively much lower than rates from the ship ping points of Its competitors The ad vantage to the Standard over Its com petitors from such open discriminations is enormous; proba'bly as important as' that obtained through the secret rates. If an unfair discrimination be obtain ed by one shipper through a device which in itself is seemingly not pro hibited by law, that fact shows that the law Is defective and should be strengthened; It does not show that the discrimination is proper or just. , The following are a few of the most important discriminations and the methods by which they are obtained: (1) For albout ten years the New Eng land territory has been In control of the Standard Oil company by reason of the refusal of the New York, New Haven and Hartford road and of the Boston and Maine road, on all but a few divi sions, to prorate 1. e., to join in through rates on oil shipped from west of the Hudson river, and by means of the adjustment of published rates. The Standard is entitled to the ad vantage of its water shipping points in reaching New England, but that ad vantage was greatly and unfairly In creased when the railroads, by refusing to prorate, virtually kept independent refiners from using all rail routes The refusal to prorate increased the rail rates from the west from 8 to 10 cents per hundred pounds". These railroads do prorate on all other commodities; their refusal to do so In the case of oil amounted to Imposing a substantial tax on all consumers in the region they cover, and is also a heavy discrimina tion against the smaller refiners. (2) The Standard Oil company has been aible to absolutely control for many years the sale of oil in the north eastern part of New York and in a por tion of Vermont by means of secret rates from its refineries at Olean and Rochester. The Pennsylvania railroad has given the Standard a rate of 9 cents a barrel from Olean, N. Y., to Rochester, while the independent refineries situated in territory adjacent to Olean were given a rate of 38 cents a barrel. By means of this 9 cent rate, in combination with a rate from Rochester to Norwood, N. Y., a virtually secret and very low rate from Norwood, N. Y., to Burlington, and secret local rates therefrom, the Standard has been able to supply cen tral and northern Vermont with oil at a rate of from 15 to 21 cents per hun dred pounds, whereas no independent! refiner could reach that territory from western Pennsylvania save by a rate varying from 33 to 50 cents per hundred pounds. The saving to the Standard during 1904 by the secret rate from Olean to Rochester alone was $115,000. This and other less Important rates from Olean were unknown to the Independent refin ers, and were not published on the ground that they were wholly state rates; yet in fact they were used for oil consigned to points beyond the state boundary of New York. Further more, all the shipments from Olean on these secret rates were blind-billed i. e., the rates were not shown on the waybills. (3) The Standard Oil company has maintained absolute control of almost the whole section of the country south of the Ohio river and east of the Mis sissippi by means of recret rates and open discriminations in rates from Whiting, Ind. For example, the pbllshed tariff rate from Whiting, Ind., the great western refinery of the Standard, to Birming ham, Ala., was 44 cents per hundred pounds. For at least ten years the Standard, by means of a secret com bination of rates by way of Grand Junction, Tenn., over the lines of the Chicago and Eastern Illinois, the Illi nois Central and the Southern railway, has shipped oil to Birmingham for 29 1-2 cents. The Toledo competitor, no far ther distant, had to pay 47 1-2 cents. A great area In the south has been reached by this same secret combina tion at rates averaging one-fourth less than the published rates. The total saving to the Standard on these rates has been about $70,000 per year. Again, the open rate lrom Whiting to Evansville, Ind., has been for many years 11 cents. The Standard lias for about ten years shipped oil to Evans ville for local use and for many points beyond In the southeast at so-called state rates of 6 cents and 8 1-4 cents. The freight paid by the Standard In this case has been about $10,000 per year less than the open rate.. The rates to this same territory from the independent refining points at To ledo and Cleveland were from 8 to 28 cents per hundred pounds, or from 1-3 to 1 1-2 cents a gallon higher than the rate received by the Standard. The records of the Chicago and East ern Illinois Railroad company Bhow plainly that these Grand Junction and Evansville rates were Intended to be secret, were given for the gale benefit of the Standard, and were handled as secret rates with the knowledge of Standard officials. 4) The Standard Oil company has for at least ten years shipped oil from Whiting to East St. Louis, III., at a rate of 6 or 6 1-4 cents on three of the five railroads running between those places, while the only duly published rate on all roads has been 18 cents during all that period. The saving to the Stand ard amounted to about $240,000 In 1904. For many years East St. Louis has been the gateway for oil shipments by I the Standard" into the southwest. The rates from the independent refining points of Ohio to East St. Louis have been about 12 cents higher than the rate from Whiting, whereas on other com modities of similar grade these points pay only about 5 cents more than Whit ing. Whiting is located In Indiana, about two miles from the Illinois line. East St. Louis is In Illinois, just across the river from St, Louis. The secret low rates were given by the Chicago, Bur lington and Qulncy, Chicago and Alton, and Chicago and Eastern Illinois rail roads. They were not published, on the ground that they were state rat&s. In dealing with these rates one of the roads the Chicago and Alton falsely waybilled the freight at 18 cents, and collected from the Standard at 6 cents. The Chicago and Eastern Illinois blind billed at the 6-cent rate, but It was none the less secret. ( 5) In the Kansas territory field there are some unfair open rates. The more important discrimination has been in the arbitrary weights fixed by the rail roads on crude oil and fuel oil. This discrimination prevents the Kansas producer from selling his crude oil, es pecially low gravity, advantageously In competition with the fuel oil produced by the Standard and the small local re finers. Crude oil Is charged on the basis of 7.4 pounds per gallon; Its actual weight is about 7-2 pounds. Fuel oil produced by the refineries is charged at 8.4 pounds; it actually weighs about 7.6 pounds. A barrel of crude oil Bhlpped from Kansas to St. Louis Is charged nearly 10 cents more than a barrel of fuel oil; this difference in frenght charges Is equal to more than one third of the price of low-grade Kansas crude. This discrimination has existed for about four years. It does not exist In any other field. The legislation of Kan sas In 1905 put an end to it only so far as shipments within the Btate are con cerned. (6) In California direct rebates, as well as discriminations by the use of secret rates, have been given on oil. These rebates and discriminations benefited the Standard to the extent of about $100,000 in 1904. The Associated Oil company, the Union Oil cumpany, and some consumers of oil also received rdbates and secret rates, but the Stand ard apparently received as much as all other interests combined- These favors were almost Invariably denied the ordi nary shipper. On shipments to Arizona rebates on state rates were received by the standard in connection with In terstate shipments;1 this virtually was a rebate on interstate business. Owing to the fact that fuel oil is extensively sold under contract on the Pacific coast rate discrimination obtained by a few favored shippers have enabled them to monopolize markets for long periods. Great Injury has tbeen Inflicted by railroads upon Independent shippers through discriminations in the distri bution of tank cars,' (7) Open published rates from Whit ing. Into a large part of the United States have given the Standard Oil company an unfair advantage of from 1 to 12 cents per hundred pounds. This discrimination seriously limits Independent refiners In some markets, and shuts them out completely from other markets. It is accomplished by the use of commodity rates that Is, rates which apply only to pretroleum and by refusal to prorate. The true principle of commodity rate making Is to more nearly equalize com petitive conditions, but the general ef fect of Its use in the case of oil has been to give the Standard relatively much lower rates to common markets than those given to its competitor?. For instance, In shipments to New Orleans and other points on the lower Mississippi river and the gulf, the or dinary class rates on similar low grade articles from Toledo, Cleveland and Pltt tburg are only 2 cents above the rates from Whiting. The commodity rates on oil are from 9 12 to 13 1-2 cents above the rates from Whiting, normal principle of commodity rates would make the charge the same from all of these points, Instead of Increase ing the differential. Prior to the establishment of the Whiting refinery the railroads west of the Mississippi prorated with the east ern roads on oil shipments from the Pennsylvania and Ohio districts Into most parts of the west and southwest. After the establishment of the Whiting refinery these roads refused to prorate from points east of Whiting. This re fusal increased the natural disadvant age of the eastern refineries from 1 to 19 1-2 cents per hundred pounds. This discrimination is the more conspicuous in the case of the southwestern rail roads because they do not prorate with the railroads from Chicago to St. Louis on oil from Whiting. Most of the secret rates, and some of the open discriminations discovered by the bureau were abolished by the rail roads shortly after such discovery. The more Important changes thus far noted are as follows: 1. The secret rate of 9 cents per bar rel from Olean to Rochester and 10 cents per ibarrel from Olean to Buffalo has been changed to an open rate of 29 cents per barrel to Rochester and 27 cents per barrel to Buffalo on ship ments of all refined oil products, and the practice of blind billing of oil has been discontinued by the Pennsylvania railroad. 2. The low tank car rates made by the Rutland railroad from Norwood to Burlington, Rutland and Bellows Falls, Vt., has been made applicable on oil in barrels. 3. The oanceUaiinn at tha aacret ra-U from 'Whiting to Grand Junction will reduce by about three-fourths the Standard's advantage over competing refiners at Toledo, Cleveland and vicin ity on shipments into a large part of the south. Instead of 14 or 15 cents the differential . against them is now 3 or 4 cents per hundred pounds, while the disadvantage of competing refiners of western Pennsylvania has been correspondingly reduced. 4. The cancellation of the secret rate from Whiting to Evansville will reduce the Standard's advantage over compet ing refiners at Toledo on shipments in to many other parts of the south from about 6 1-4 cents to 3 1-2 cents per hun dred pounds. The advantage which the Standard has enjoyed over competitors In Cleveland, Plttsfburg and other inde pendent refining points has been corre spondingly reduced Si The cancellation of the secret rates from Whiting to East St. Louis and the substitution of the rate of 10 cents will reduce the Standard's ad vantage from 11 cents to 7 cents per 100 pounds, with a corresponding reduction of Its advantage over more easterly re fining points. 6. The railroads have advanced their published rates from Whiting into northern Indiana and Michigan by about 2 or 3 cents per 100 pounds, and have put the rates on practically an equality, distance considered, with those from Toledo and more easterly points. 7. The New York, New Haven & Hart ford railroad has resumed the practice of prorating oil, thereby reducing the average freight charge to independent refiners of western Pennsylvania and Ohio on shipments into a large part of Connecticut, Rhode Island and Mas sachusetts, by about 8 cents per 100 pounds. This will materially increase their opportunity for competition with the Standard Oil company in that terri tory. The Interstate commerce com mission recently denounced the former practice and recommended a change. 8. A large number of the secret rates of California railroads have been pub lished as open rates. While under the contract system, of selling fuel oil gen erally employed "In that region the con cerns formerly enjoying the secret rates continue to benefit from them, this re vision of tariffs obviously op?rates to the benefit of Independent shippers on future (business. A number of discrep ancies on open rates on the Pacific coast have also been adjusted. The changes above described, with others of less importance, mean much more than the Increase of freight charges to the Standard." They show in striking fashion the good which has al ready resulted from this Investigation. They put independents upon a fairer footing, and make competition possible in territories heretofore inaccessible. Nevertheless,., the widespread dis criminations in open rates still In force leave the Independents at a serious dis advantage. The investigation has only incidentally touched state shipments from distributing centers, particularly in less than carloads. The few in stances examined suggest the proba bility of discriminations on such ship ments which, taken in connection with through traffic, may result In discrim inations of interstate shipments, I have cited these particular instances to show, the various methods by which discriminations are obtained, and to call particular attention to methods which, if legal, are mere devices to ob tain exactly the1 same result as would "be obtained by rebate paid on Inter state business. Any freight discrimin ation, whether It be state or Interstate, tends to give control of markets to the preferred shipper, and makes monopoly possible. If existing law merely pro hibits a special device for obtaining discrimination, and permits the same result to be aecomullshed In a different way, then the legislation Is to that ex tent a sham. 1 This investigation has shown very clearly one glaring defect In the Inter state commerce law, viz; the method of filing and publishing tariffs. Al though a tariff or a rate has been filed with the commission in compliance, with the terms of the law, none but the favored shipper may know of its existence. Tariffs may be made and rates may be combined in such a man ner as to make It practically impossi ble for the ordinary shipper to find them. As long as the state rates are not required to be made public, and shippers use such rates In combination with Interstate rates, all many of de vices to evade the purpose of the law are possible. All state rates use in should be filed with the Interstate com merce commission and a radical change should be made In the direction of simplifying tariffs and In methods of posting and filing them, Very respectfully, James Rudolph Garfield, Commissioner of Corporations The President. SPIRITUALISTS' CONVENTION. Programme for Coming Two Days' Meeting at Hartford. The twentieth annual convention of the Connecticut State Sprlituallst asso ciation will be held in Unity Hall, Hartford, on Saturday and Sunday noxt. The programme arranged fol lows: SATURDAY. 10:30 a. m. Business meeting. Re port of committees. Election of offi cers. . 2:30 p. m. Remarks toy the president, A. A. Gustine; music; lecture, Mrs. H. Stuart-Rlchings; music; messages. 7:45 p. m. Music; lecture by the Rev. Wilson Frltch; subject, "The Natural Ground of Spiritualism, or, the Meta physics of Spiritualism;" music; mes sages. SUNDAY. 10:30 a. m. Conference at Alliance Hall, No. 26 1-2 Chapel street. 2:30 p. m. Unity Hall; music; lec ture, Mrs. H. Stuart-Rlchings; music; messages. 7:30 p. m. Music; lecture, the Rev. Wilson Frltch; subject, "Self Realiza tion;" music; messages. Saturday evening Mrs. H. Stuart Richlngs, B. D. A., will give a dramatic recital "A Tale of Witchcraft Days, Salem, Massachusetts, 1692," by Vir ginia Woodard Cloud. - - The musical part of the programme will be rendered by the Ladies' Schu bert Quartette of Boston. COLONEL GRAVES' ESTATE SUED. Hartford, May 3. The estate of Col onel Edward M. Graves has heen sued by Mrs. Carrie E. Woodward, executrix of the estate of her husband, Colonel William N. Woodward, for many years a contractor at Colt's. The Connecticut Trust and Safe Deposit company is ex. ecutor under the will of Colonel Graves. Mrs. Woodruff says that in the lifetime of her husband he loaned Colonel Graves 1$,025.50, which Col. Graves many times agreed to pay, but neglect ed to do. After the death of Colonel Graves she presented her claim to the executor of his estate, tout as the exec utor has neglected to pay, the suit is brought to recover the money. Kicker What do you think of spell ing reform? Smythe No use; i've been trying for thirty years, And can't make folks spell my name right, New York Sun. ARTIFICIAL TEETH as well as natural teeth are the better for a thorough cleansing daily with an antiseptic prep aration especially prepared for the purpose. Have you tried PAXTINE Toilet Antiseptic for this? We have never sold any thing equal to Paxtine to cleanse and whiten the teeth and purify the mouth. Try Paxtine on our guarantee. large box at druggists 50c. Trial box free The R. Paxtoa Co., Boston, Mass. New Haven Ice Go Dealer in LAKE WHITNEY ICE. 191 Orange St.f ' " Telephone. No. UTS. ICE Won't have to come so often if you use one of our Ice Saving Refrigerators This summer. We have a fine nne 0j High Grade Refrigerator we are sell ing at LOW GRADE PRICES. All sizes and prices. From $4.00 to $25.00 J. G. Gronan & Co. Heating and Plumbing Contractor, 6 CHURCH STREET. Wait for the Great n Storage Auction Sale . . At. the warehouse of The Peck & Bishop Co. 687 Chapel atreet, cor OHve street. Commencing at 10:00 a rn., Wednes- unj, iTiaj. bui, JjniB iiuent of Household Goods to be sold for storage charges. A GREAT ' OPPOR.. TUNITSV DON'T MISS BEING ON HAND. THE PECK & BISHOP CO. Large vans for moving Furniture and SPECIAL facilities for moving Pianos. The In Pope Hartford IS HERE. Call, write or 'phone and request a demonstration. FHOAffi 1087-2. THE UNIVERSITY GARAGE St. John and Olive Sts. The largest Auto station In New England. Best equipped to buy Store, rent, repair or sell Automobiles. TYPE IS The Pope-Toledo, 35-40 Horse C. S. JOHNSTON CO., Props. Agents for the Celebrated Pope Toledo and Pope Hartford Automobiles Pope Waverly Electrics, Also that wonderful MERCEDES CAR. THE LEOPOLD Voice Builder ... J,IL'?,, "ot bookla ' hxvttvl Fancy designs in Jewelry of all kinds. Collarettes Scarfpins Necklaces Combs Brooches Buttons Hat Pins Waist Sets J. H. G. DURANT, Jeweler and. Optician. ft CHURCH STREET. OlP. P. O. COMBS. A splendid assortment mounted in gold or gold filled olain fancv'or sr with stones, can be seen at WELLS & gunde; 788 CHAPEL STREET. Wedding Announcements. Etiquette demands that invitations and an nouncements conform to the latest and most ap roved style, both as to form , and lettering. Old English and plain Script are correct. We will be pleased to show samples and quote prices on any form of society engraving. Monson's Jewelry Store, 857-859 Chapel St. Selecting Your Gifts in Jewelry You Look for the most desirable, and the beet in quality, t a reMonble price. KIRBY Has the selection to eult every purse. Here you can find suitable presents from fifty cent to five hundred doi. lars. . - . , Bracelets, Bead Necks, Brooches sua Lockets have tha call this year. Kirby & Son. , 823 CHAPEL STREET. JTetr Stock of BASEBALL GOODS at J. A. McKee's, 930 Chapel Street. CompresaadAir Carpet . Cleaning : Works Ko. 1M Canrt Street. Carpets called for and delivered. Carpets cleaned and laid, also made over, In fact everything- done In ths Carpet line, All worlt satisfactorily and promptly done. Telephone- call, f -. Glvs u Grape Fruit. Florida? are. getting scarce. Ve have a few boxes, desir able sizes, very heavy and very eweet. Jamaicas and Califor nias at popular prices. Some ef the - beat Malnga Grape ot the "re here now. Bed Bannnaa, Tangerine. r Sonny Mountain. Navel Oranges. little better hnB any othera." ONLY GOOD FRUITS. J. a. JUDSON. 166 Caapel Stree . Going a-IV!arketing Of course you are, and for vnnr p.ttnJ DAT FEAST you .aut things t notch in Quality. Our' " MEAT Refrigeratorls just,pile(i h h wJth Prime BEEF, LAMB, VEAL PORK. ECS' 05uErLrCATESSE ET v DAIRY has also been doing extra work. SATURDAY: Best Butter, 23cts'.' Pound; For VEGETABLES and FRUIT youj will be pleased when yOU see our dis play. A demonstration of CRIMSON COF FEE served with CREAM. s. s. Adams. Cor. State) and Court Streets.' 399 Howard Ave.. 143 RDsette fiu Ifi Srand i;V 262 Davenoort Ave. 604 Howard, Ave 7 Shelton Ave 156 Lloyd Bt Smoked Beef. Why not try our Smoked Beef that -Is shaved by hand Instead of eating dried beef that comes from the West and kept with preservatives, and there, by is rank with salt? A trial will convince you' that ' we have the quality. The S. Hurlburl Co, 1074 Chapel St. HART MARKET CO, Choice Supply Bullet COJINECTICITT SPRmG LAMB. FRESH KlLLim SPRING BROKERS. FRESH PHILADELPHIA SWAB. SWEETBREADS ana CALVES LIVERS. NEW ASPARAGUS, NEW BEETS, t PIB PLANT and TOMATOES, A VC' Vennoat 180 TEMPLE STREET. Spring Tonics... Native SPINACH . ASPARAGUS. ', ' PIE PLANT BUNCH ONIONS i LETTUCE . FLORIDA POTATOES' r' ' 4' ''' : - TOMATOES ' GREEN BBAN3 . BERMUDA ONIONS MEDITERANEJAN ORANGES CATANIA OVALS CATANIA BLOODS ' FLORIDA GRAPE FRUIT ' ' FLORIDA PINES Sweet Cider that's sweet and fine flavor " 250 the gallon. E. E. Nichols, 378 State Street NATIVE SPRING LAMB. Fresh Asparagus, String Beans, Bermuda Potatoes, Bermuda Onions. Watercress, THE R. H. NESBIT CO. 49 Elm St., Cor. Cburca. Tel. 87a, , Branch Store, Z1& Edgewood iva Eel 264-g. Philadelphia Dental Rooms, WI CHAPEL STREET, Over W. Frank ft CP's: Store. Teeth Extracted Without pala a Sswcialrr. g, O. MOKKS U D. f.