Newspaper Page Text
Pages 9 to 12.
Psrt 2 NEW HAYEK, CONK., SATUIIDAY MAY, 5, 1906. - st - - HITS OIHRUST President Transmits to Con- gress the Report of Commissioner Garfield. ACCOMPANIED BY MESSAGE EVILS EXPOSED BT THE GOV ERNMENT INVESTIGATION. Scent Rates Given by Railroads to Standard Oil President Sees a Rem edy in Railroad Rate Legislation Enormous Benefits of the Secret Rates ' Open Rates Also Arranged to Give Trust Advantage Over Competitors Other Trusts Also Favored Law Should he Passed to Correct Judge Humphrey's Immunity Decision. Washing-ton, May 4. President Roose velt to-day transmitted to congress the report of James R. Garfield, ootnmis eioner of corporations, giving the re sults of his investigation of the subject of transportation and freight rates in connection with the oil industry. The ' letter of Commissioner Garfield to the president accompanying the report was also made public. The president ex presses the view that the report is of capital importance because of the ef fort now being made to secure such en largement of the powers of the inter state commerce commission as will con fer upon the commission power in some measure adequate to meet the clearly demonstrated needs of the situation. The facts set forth in the reports, he declares, are for the most part not dis puted. That the Standard Oil company has benefited enormously up almost to the present moment by secret rates many of which were clearly unlawful, the president says the report clearly shows, the benefit thereby secured amounting to at Jeast three-quarters of a million a year. The message was received in both senate and house at the opening of the session, to-day, end was immediately read: ' , Following is the text of the message: To the Senate and House of Represent atives: I transmit herewith a report by the commissioner of the bureau of corpora tions in the department of commerce and labor on the subject of transporta tion and freight rates in connection with the oil industry. The investiga tion, the results of part of which are summarized in this rep6rt, was under taken in accordance with house resolu tion 499, passed February 15, 1905, but for the reasons given in the report it has been more general and extensive than was called for in the resolution Itself. I call your especial attention to the letter of transmittal accompanying and summarizing the report, for the report Is of capital importance in view of the effort now being made to secure such enlargement of the powers of the inter- state commerce commission as will con fer upon the commission power in some measure adequate to meet the cfearly demohstrated needs of the situation. The facts set forth in this report, are for the most part not disputed. It is only the inferences from them that are disputed, and even in this respect the dispute is practically limited to the question as to whether the transactions are or are not technicaJly legal. The report shows that the Standard OH company has benefited enormously up almost to the present moment by secret rates, many of these secret rates being . clearly unlawful. This benefit amounts to at least three-quarters of a million a 'year. This three-quarters of a million represents the profit that the Standard Oil company obtains at the expanse of the railroads; but of course the ulti mate result is that it obtains a much larger profit at the expense of the pub lic. A very striking result of the inves tigation has been that shortly after the discovery of these secret rates by the commissioner of corporations the major portion of them were promptly correct ed by the railroads, so that most of them have now been done away with. This immediate correction, partial or complete, of the evil of the secret rates is of course, on the one hand, an ac knowledgment that they were wrong, nd yet were persevered In until expos ed; and, on the other hand, a proof of the efficiency of the work that has been done by the bureau of corporations. The ' department of justice will take up the question of instituting prosecutions in at least oertaln of the cases. But it is most desirable to enaot into law the bill Introduced by Senator Knox to correct the Interpretation of the immunity pro vision rendered in Judge Humphrey's decision. The hands of the government have been greatly strengthened in se curing an effective remedy by the re cent decision of the supreme court in the case instituted by the government aealnst the tobacco trust, which decis ion permits the government to examine the books and records or any corpoio. tion engaged in interstate commerce; and hv the recent conviction and pun ishment of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad and certain of its om But in addition to these secret rates the Standard Oil profits immensely by open rates, which are so arranged as tj give it an overwhelming advantage over its independent competitors. The refusal of the railroads in certain cases to frorate produces analogous effects. Thus in New England the refusal of certain railway systems to prorate has resulted in keeping the Standard Oil in absolute monopolistic control of the field, enabling it to charge from three to four hundred thousand dollars a year more to the consumers of oil in New England than they would have had to pay. had the price paid been that ob taining in the competitive fields. This is a characteristic example of the nu merous evils which are inevitable under a system in which the big shipper and the railroad are left free to crush out all individual initiative and all power of independent action because, of the absence of adequate and thorough-going . governmental control. Exactly similar conditions obtain in a large part of the west and southwest. This par ticular instance ' exemplifies the fact that the granting to the government of the power to substitute a proper for an improper rate Is in very many instances the only effective way in which to pre vent improper discriminations in rates. It is not possible to put into figures the exact amount by which the Stand ard profits through the gross favoritism shown it by1 the railroads In connection wth the open rates. The profit of course comes not merely by the saving in the rate itself as compared with its competitors, but by the higher prices it is able to charge, and (even without reference to these higher prices) by the complete control of the market which it secures, thereby getting the profit on the whole consumption. Here again the only way by which the discrimina tions can be cured is by conferring up on the interstate commerce commission the power to take quick and effective action in regulating the rates. One feature of the report which is es pecially worthy of attention is the showing made as to the way in which the law is evaded by treating as state commerce what is in reality merely a part of interstate commerce. It is clear.ly shown, for instance, that this device is employed on the .New York Central railroad, as well as on many other railroads, in such fashion as to amount to thwarting the purpose of the law, although the forms of the law may be complied with. It is unfortunately not true that the Standard Oil company is the only great corporation which in the immediate past has benefited, and is at this mo ment benefiting, in wholly improper fashion by an elaborate series of rate discriminations, which permit it to profit both at the expense of its rivals and of the general public. The attorney-general reports to me that the in vestigation now going on as to the shipments by the sugar trust over the trunk lines running out of New York city tends to show that the sugar trust rarely, if ever, pays the lawful rate for transportation, and is thus improperly, and probably unlawfully, favored at the expense of its competitors and of the general public. The argument is sometimes advanced against conferring upon some govern mental body the power of supervision and control over interwtate commerce, that to do so tends to weaken Individual Initiative. Investigations such as this conclusively disprove any such allega tion. On the contrary, the proper play for individual initiative can only foe se cured by such governmental supervision as will curb those monopolies which crush out all Individual initiative. The railroad itself cannot without such gov ernment aid protect the interests of its own stockholders as against one of these great corporations loosely known as trusts. In the effort to prevent 'the railroads from uniting for improper purposes we have very unwisely prohibited them from uniting for proper purposes; that Is, for purposes of protection to them selves and to the general public as against the power of the great corpo rations. They should certainly be given power thus to unite on conditions laid down by congress, such conditions to include the specific approval of the In terstate commerce commission of any agreement to which ithe railroads may come. In addition to this the govern, ment must interfere through Its agents to deprive the railroad of the ability to make to the 'big corporations the concessions which otherwise It Is pow erless to refuse. ' The government should have power by its agents to examine into the con duct of the TallwayB that ls the exam iners under the direction of the inter state commerce commission should be a'ble to examine as thoroughly Into the affairs of the railroad as bank examin ers now examine into the affairs of banks. It is impossible to work a material Improvement in conditions such as above described merely through the in strumentality of a law suit. A law suit is often a necessary method; but by it self it is an utterly inadequate method. What is needed is the conferring upon the commission of ample affirmative power, so conferred as to make its de cisions take effect at once, subject only to such action by the court as Is de manded by the constitution. The courts have the power to, and will undoubted ly, interfere if the action of the com mission should become in effect confis catory of the property of an individual or corporation, or if the commission should undertake to do anything be yond the authority conferred upon It by the law under which It is acting. I am well aware that within the limits thus set the commission may at times be guilty of injustice; but far grosser and far more frequent Injustice, and in justice of a much more injurious kind, now results and must always result from the failure to give the commis sion ample power to act promptly and effectively within these broad limits. Though not bearing upon the question of railroad rates, there are two meas ures consideration of which is impera tively suggested iby the submission of this report- The Standard Oil company has, largely by unfair or unlawful methods, crushed out home competition. It is highly desirable that an element of competition should be introduced by the passage of some such law as that which has already passed the house, putting alcohol used in the arts and Continued on Tentli Page.) NEWS FROM THE CHURCHES tEATVRES OF THE RELIOIOVS SERVICES TO-MORROW. Communion Services Music nt Dwlght Place Rev. Mr. Carpenter at Y. ,31. C. A. Scientist Church "Mortals and Immortals" Services at First Metho dist Church New Series by Dr. Kldd Other Rotes. A new organist director assumes the charge of the mu?ic at the Dwighi Place church to-morrow and a new quartette will assist him. The director Is William E. .Brown, who has lived in the city for two or three years and Is the instructor of music in .the normal schools' in New Britain and New Ha ven. He was organist and director for seventeen years in the First Congrega tional church and Presbyterian church In Stamford and has for the past two years most successfully direct ed the music at the East Pearl street M. E. church, this city. Much is look ed for from his administration, at the Dwight Place church, where his work is to be felt in all departments of the life of the church- He will direct the music and the Bible school, and assist al'O in the mid-week services. The quartette consists of Miss Anna M. Car roll, soprano; Mrs. E. M. Butler, con tralto; Lewis C. Smith, tenor; H. Wil son Clinton, bass. The sacrament of the Lords supper will be administered and new me'nbers received to-morrow morning. 'Besides other numbers the choir will render the communion anthem "Jesus Word of God Incarnate," (by Gounod. In the evening when the pastor will preach the choir selections are: Anthem "Still, Stilt With Thee" Rogers Offertory "Must Jesus Bear the i. Cross Alone?" Havens Evensong "Oome to Our Hearts ;m& Abide" ' Macy The organ prelude In the morning Is Communion in E mhior.. Batfcte In the evening "Prayer and Cradle Song"....Guilmant MASS MEETING Y. M. C. A The men's meeting next Sunday will be addressed by Rev. Ernest C. Carpen ter, pastor of '.the Summerfleld M. E, church. Rev. Mr. Carpenter is one of the new pastors who has recently come to the city, his former field being in Merldon. He is a man of extraordinary ability as a speaker and will deliver a strong address. The us'nal social hour will be held In the banquet hall at the close of the meeting. All men, wheth er members of the association or not, are cordially invited to attend. THE CHURCH OF THE REDEEMER Morning worship at 10:30 o'clock. The sacrament of the Lord's supper will be administered, new members will be re ceived, the pastor will make a short address. He will speak in the evening In Welcome hall, Oak street, subject, "The Light That Is Seen." The first quartet will sing. FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH. At 10:30, communion and reception of new members. The pastor will preach, The choir Is composed of Fred Adams, Miss Pearl Young, Mrs. Good and Al bert Kraft. The anthems for the day are: "O Sacred Head" . Schnecker "O Tartte and See" Marston "In Heavenly Love Abiding". ...Holden Evening service at 7:30. All strangers cordially welcome. Seats free. CENTER CHURCH MUCSIC The following programme will be ren. dered to-morrow afternoon at the 4 o'clock devotional service In Center church: f (Prelude Andante .... G. A. MacFarren Responses from service in D H. H. Woodward Anthem "We Would See Jesus" W. H. Ailing Solo "O Eyes That Are Weary" .. G. A. Schnecker Mrs. F. O. Robblns, sporano. Choir hymn "Jesus, These Eyes Have Never Seen'' J. Br Dykes Postlude March .. ..G. A, MacFarren FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST, - SCIENTIST. The services of the First Church of Christ, Scientist, are held Sunday morning at 10:30 o'clock in Republican hall, Temple and Crown streets, en trance on Temple street. Subject, "Mortals and Immortals." Golden text: "Art thou not from ever lasting, O Lord my God, .mine holy one? We shall not die." Habakkuk, I, 12. The Sunday school meets after the service. The Wednesday evening tes timonial meeting is held at 8 o'clock. A reading room maintained by this church in the Malley building, 902 Ohapel street, is open daily from 10 a. m. to 5 p. m., except Sunday; on Wed nesday from 10 a. m. to 7:30 p. m.; Tresday and Saturday from 8 to 10 p. m- A cordial welcome to all. AT TRINITY M. E. At Trinity M. E. church to-morrow morning the holy communion will be administered and new members receiv ed. The music will be an anthem for opening, "My Faith Looks Up to Thee," Schnecker; for offertory, Messrs. Wood stock and Carroll will sing "Oh, Trust Not in Robbery and Wrong" by Cobb Competent kindergartners will teach little children during service and thus help parents to church- At the Sunday school class privileges will be found for persons of all ages. The young people have a helpful meeting at 6:30 under the leadership of George Bradley. At evening worship the pastor begins a series of lecture sermons on "The Man uscript Authorities of the New Testa ment." The quartette will sing for opening "The Good Shepherd," by Bar ri; for offertory, "Through the Day Fv jl 1 ( ' j . -r CDfVmjHf.WS.BT tt I I CfVlf T I SPECIAL SUIT SALE. '-Cfr 4 F" I m. I Men's and Young Men's GRAY j l& J I Exceptional Values. .Guaranteed Claiming, j Thy Love Has Spared Us" by Schneck er. EPWORTH M. E CHURCH Holy communion at ld:30 with recep tion df new members.. "A Word About Dowie" will be the subject of the even ing discourse. Until further notice the prayer meet ing and class meeting will be held on Tuesday and Friday evenings respec tively at 7:45 and Junior league on Sun day at 8 p. m. CHURCH OF THE MESSIAH. 1 rst Unlversallst . church, Orange street, between Elm and Wall streets'. The Rev. Theodore A. Fischer, pastor. There will be preaching Sunday morn ing at 10:30 o'clock by the pastor. Sun day school at noon. The devotional meeting under the auspices of the Y. P C U. will be held in the vestry at 8:30 p. m. Topic: "Sincerity Dare to be true." Seats free and a cordial wel come to all of fhe services, HUMPHREY STREET CONGREGA TIONAL CHURCH. Public worship at 10:39 a. m., with the Lord's supper '-and reception of members; in the evening at 7:30 with sermon by the pastor, Rev. F. R Luck ey. Bible school at 12 m. Children's mission at S p. m. Christian Endeavor at 6:30 p. m. ADULT CLASS, CHURCH REDEEM ER. Si; jl . t to be considered at this gath ering isunday was in lecture room of Church of the Redeemer will be "Par able of the Sbwer.". Meeting will be open for general discussion. Ladies and gentlemen of any denomination are cor dially Invited to attend and take part In the exercises. THE CITY MISSIONS. Rev. W. D. Miossman, missionary pastor. The Sunday services to-morrow at the City Mission house, 201 Orange street, will be held at 9 a. m., 3 p. m., and at 7:30 p. m. The evening exercises will consist of a platform service by the Mission iRescue- band, a company of Christian working-men, led by their chairman, Joseph Rawles, and followed by an after meeting. All are welcome on Sunday and also at the meetings and other exercises at (he MisBlon house every day and evening of the week. ST. THOMAS' CHURCH. The services in St. Thomas' church to-morrow are litany and holy com munion, with sermon by the rector, at 10:30, and evening prayer at 4 o'clock. The Sunday school meets at 12:05. FIRST METHODIST CHURCH. First Methodist Episcopal church, Rev. Francis T. Brown, pastor. Class meeting at 9:30; sacrament of the Lord's supper at 10:30; Bible school at noon; Chinese Sunday school at 2:30; Epworth league meeting at 6:30; publlo worship at 7:30, with sermon by the pastor; subject, "The Highest Sunday Question." ST. PAUL'S CHURCH. The services at St, Paul's church to morrowthird Sunday after Easter are morning prayer at 9 o'clock, holy communion at 9:30, litany, sermon by the rector and second communion at 10:30. and evening prayer and sermon by the rector at 7:30. Sunday school meets in the parish house at 12:15; Chi nese Sunday school at 3 p. m. CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION. Litany and holy communion at 10:30 a. m. The sermon will be preached by Rev. Mr. Colladay, of Berkeley Divinity school. Sunday school at 12:15. Even ing prayer and sermon by Rev. Robert Bell at 7:30. A HEALTH RESORT IN THE PHILIPPINES IDEAL CLIMATE IN NORTHERN ' LIZON. . An Interview on the Subject With Sec retary , Tnft Temperature Ranges From Seenty-slx Degrees Maximum to Forty-eight Degrees Minimum Ilenlih Standard Raised by American Methods Progress of thu Country Aided by Government Bureaus, Good Roads and Transportation. It will doubtless surprise many New Haveners to learn that In the island of Luzon there is a mountain section where the climate Is as delightful as in the Adlrondacks in summer, and where the temperature ranges from a maxi mum of 76 degrees Fahrenheit to a minimum of 46. Yet such are the facts In the prov ince of Benquet. Just before Judge Taft left New Haven a reporter for the Courier visited him at the home of President Hadley on Whitney avenue and interviewed him regarding the con dition of the Philippines, its climate, resources and prospects. Judge Taft said in part: "In the province of Benquet we have an ideal health location, where the con ditions are much the same as summer in the Adlrondacks or Canada The temperature there ranges from 75 de grees to 48 degrees, and Is truly de lightful. It was there I spent three months. From April to July of one year I was there and completely re covered from a severe Illness. Of course the accommodations at the time were rude, but he comfortable climate more than offset any other in convenience. Since then there had been established a complete sanitarium at Baqula, province of Benquet, capable of nursing sixty patients, and summer cottages are being built for separate families. The problem of maintaining a good standard of health among Americans compelled to remain in the Philippines seems solved by the establishment of thl9 health resort on high talble lands. The precautions of the government in the matter of water supply and other sanitary measures is having a marked effect, notably in the case of cholera, where the death rate from this source has been reduced 80 per cent. In many other ways similar good results have been obtained by the governmental health station. The "rinderpest,1' a cat tle plague, has been fought successful ly, so that now while they cannot pre vent Its appearance, they can prevent Its spread and can restrict it without trouble. The education of the Philippines in the proper care and cultivation of their lands Is producing gratifying results. The islands have suffered much from a. depression of a few years past and im mediate recovery Is hard to expect. It remains to be seen what the future will bring forth. The cultivation of rice, of course, is one of the greatest industries there. The raising of tobacco requires con stant watchfulness and care in order to make It profitable. Sugar is something in which capital is necessary. It is hoped that the efforts of the government in teaching the. Philipines how to care for these things will meet with success. Of course all the land Is not fitted for everything, some being good for one thing, but useless for another. The amount of work which can be accomplished by one Filipino, of course, is not nearly as great as would be ex pected of an American, in fact,' Is very far short of it, but with American in struction and supervision it la certain that improvement will be made along these lines. The new roads of the country are be ing pushed with as much vigor as the situation will permit, financial as well as topographical considerations toeing moving factors. The building of roads of any kind is for the purpose of getting goods from the Interior to the best harbor.' ' As the trade winds blow half the year from the east and the other half from the west the harbors on the east or west coast are, therefore, alternately good for half a year each. It Is these trade wlndsi by the way, which give the islands a climate super ior to that of India, for being wind swept they are much healthier. GREAT SPECIAL SUIT SALE, To-day at J. Johnson and Sans. To-day will be' red letter day at J. Johnson and Sons, the exclusive cloth iers of 85 Church street. Extraordinary clothing, at extraordinary prices will draw hundreds to that popular estab lishment. Everybody who is at all posted in this season's clothing knows that the proper thing to wear is a fine gray serge suit. Well, Johnson knows it, too, and with his customary alert ness he had made for him, from splen did fabrics, a full and complete line of gray serges, each one of which being as perfect in every detail as the highest skill and most thorough workmanship could accomplish. And you can take his word' that they are all right. And back of his word Is his guarantee, which, as all the people know is amply, sufficient. At the special suit sale to-day and this evening you can take your pick for fifteen dollars. Now, you know Just what tihls means. Johnson's facilities for giving you one hundred cents of value for every dollar you pay has never been doubted. Search the whole town through and you'll not find a man who can truthfully say that any goods bought at Johnson's didn't turn out Just ae represented. But there is another thing to speak aibout, and that Is the friendly and liberal spirit always dis played at 85 Church street. You in variably get far more than your money's 'worth, and that Is why every man who visits -there walks out with a bundle under his arm and a smile of contentment and happiness on his face. BRADLEY AXE FACTORY SOLD. Norwalk, May 3. W. G. Staples, of the firm of Hubbell & Staples, of Water street, has Joined with W. S. Adams, of Westport, and J. J. Irwin, of New York, in buying from the 'Bradley heirs the Bradley axe factory at Lyons Plains. The new concern is to be in corporated and Mr. Staples will give hlg entire attention to conducting the busi ness. 'FRISCO FUND TO DATE. City Controller Rowe has received $5 from J. F. Sullivan for the 'Frisco re lief fund, making the total of the con troller's fund now $2,350.60. General Treasurer Samuel Hemingway has re ceived $25 from Yale conclave. No. 244, for the Red Cross fund, making the to tal of this fund to date, $17,736.53. TO SPECIALIZE ON 6URGERY. Dr. W. Edwin Butler of 223 York street will leave in a few days for Phil adelphia to take a post graduate course in surgery. He expects on his return to devote his whole time to surgery. Dr. A. C. Leslie will have charge of his practice during his absence. ST. JOHNS TO MEET WESTVTLLES. Tha St. Johns and Westvillea will cross tiats at Savin Rock grounds this j afternoon at 3: 4& o'clock. I THE NEW PUBLICATIONS SOME OF THE LATEST BOOKS OF THE SEASON. Gcllett Burgess' "A I.lttle Sister oft Destiny" "Mental Healing," by te under Edmund Whipple. Gellett Burgess' "A Little Sister o Desttny" is another skilfully writte tale' in Mr. Burgess' customary huimor ous and alluring style. It is entertain ing throughout. The heroine, Miss Mil lion Is a very rich young CaJifoimia -woman, handsome and energetic, with abounding good heaHh, and a strong desire for hapmlees excitement. She la seized with a desire to out-rait ,-wtoat 13 called "Fate" In behalf of others, and! masquerades first this way and tboa that in carrying out tier Ibenevolen schemes. She creates Jolly Btwpiijsea and very happy ones, in pteoitog he part of the princess of gofimotber la dlsguiBe, who strews Joys and blesnlrig-g as she goes, and brushes amj aoihap- piness and even danger of suffering and starvation from those 'Wiioae cause Bhs champions. The reader wlM fOUoir the somewhat surprising, odvesnurea ot Miss Million with real interest, tesplta their improbabilities, and wfll . UhahKi Mr. Burgess for giving them a teryi pleasant hour or two. "A Little- Slate of Destiny" is published, tey HoiigbtoJin Mifflin & Co., Boston; $1.00; at all boolu stores. "Mental Healing," by Leanfier Ed tmund Whipple; Iflmo., 280 pagea; fifty edition, revised and enlarged, wtth-poiv trait of the author. Pries, $1.60. net. The metaphysical coanjpany., 90 Fttthl avenue, New York. This is a readable volume despite, Itsi dealing with a dry subject. But the author presents a strong case In hl8 argument as to the potency of mind over .matter, and the arg-umenta hfl makes, and the data he produces are presented in a clear, forcible style. Tha author is well kcown for his, prevto.ua able and successful literary 'work as regards mental healing, and ' spea&d from large knowledge of his. suibjeetij and .personal observations. There la much obvious truth in his claims as t the success of mental Influence ta tha control and cure of many diseases. There are seventeen chapters devoted to the theoretical and -practical aspeota of 'the matter, and all are wl covered and considered. In the final chapter the author makes tills rather essential statement: 'This weak fa not intend . ed as an argumentative treatise, or aa . a technical work to teach the system of thought suggested in its pages; bu rather it Is a necessarily Started pres entation of a subject, of grest depth, containing knowledge, of -which hu-t inanity is in urgent need in every patS of Mfe." . , DR. WILLIAM M. RICHARDS HtERH, Dr. William M. Richards, the former Yale athlete, was in this city yesterday as the guest of his father, Professor B. L. Richards of Yale. He returned t New York city in the afternoon, wheri he will resume the practice ef medl cine. Drop by drop the offensive cVtseharg caused by nasal catarrh fans from tft back of tt nose into ifce thsoat set ting up an imlsmmatlon that Is afcel to mean chronic bronchitis. Ttie cer tain, rational cure for catarrh is Ely'l Cream Balm, and the relief that foHowa even the first application cannot be told in words. Don't suffer a day longel from the discomfort ef nasal catarrht Cream Balm Is sold by druggists for Ba cents or mailed by EUr Bros,, U "War rea street. New York,