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NEW HAVEN MORNING JODBNAL AND COURIER, WEDNESDAY JUNE 1J 1907 STRATFORD CBURGH TWO HUNDFED YEARS Important Anniversary of Episcopal Church to Be Held Wednesday. FIRST PARISH IN STATE Interesting History of Oldest Episcopal Parish in Connecticut. The two hundredth anniversary cele bration of the founding of Connecti cut's first Episcopal Church and Par ish will take place in Stratford on Juno 12, Rt. Rev. Chauncey Brewster, bishop of the diocese, officiating. Christ church and parish was found ed in Stratford, Conn., early in April, 170", but the prayer book was not of ficially used at a public serviec till June 12 following the founding, and it was this fact which fixed the date of the bicentennial celebration. , Invita tions have been sent to the officials of the Venerable Society for the Propaga tion of the Gospel in Foreign Parts of ticmgiana tunper wnose auspices, and Iby whose financial help the church was founded in 1707), to the bishop of Lon don twhose predecessors had jurisdic tlo nover the Colonial parishes) o the bishops of New England, New York, Long Island and New Jersey, and to all bishops who were born in Connecticut, or who, as priests, had charge of Con necticut parishes. Invitations have also been sent to the presidents of Yale and Columbia universities. Dr. Arthur Twining Hadley will represent Yale, and Professor Dr. William A. Dunning will represent President Butler of Col umbia. . ISplcopnl Church in Sew England. Although Christ church is not the old est Episcopal church in New England, Its history, for certain reasons, Is the most lmpportant and interesting of any in New England, for It was subjected tb' the constant and strenuous opposi tion of the Orthodox Puritans for near ly seventy yeats, and because the Episcopal people had the courage, faithfulness and staying powers to pa tiently persist in maintaining their ec clesiastical rights. For this reason, it s ' doubtless true that they did more to ward -encouraging the establishing of Episcopal , parishes in New England than anything else in the history of that church.' The first New England parish was, in Weymouth, Mass. In 1623 Captain Robert Gorges, the son of Sir Ferdi nando Gorges, re-established, or rather revivified the colony that was started as Wessagussett (as the Indians call ed the site of Weymouth) by Thomas eston, in 1822. He brought in his : company of settlers Rev. William Mor rill had received authority from the i British government to organize a church and parish, and eventually he was tp have the ecclesiastical powers of a. bishop. But Mr. Morrill returned to England after a year and a half at Weymouth and Plymouth and the Episcopal parish gradually became a Congregational parish. lAnother attempt was made in Salem (Naumkeag, the Indians called it) by the brothers John and Samuel Browne, laymen, who held services, using tho prayer book, In 1629. But they were soon arrested and sent back to England, because of their adherence to the Church of England. In 1GS6 King's Chapel was founded in Bost6n by order of Governor Sir Ed mund Andros; and in 1698 ,Rev. Mr. Lockyear held services, with the prayer book, in Newport, R. I., and as an out growth of, his efforts old Trinity church was established in Newport and the first church edifice was built In 1702; So, while Christ church in Strat ford is the first in Connecticut, it is not the first in New England in age, but it is the first as far as the import ance of history is concerned. When Christ church was organized in Stratford, in 1707, there was but one other dissenting church in Connecticut and that was a Baptist congregation In Grptqn, on the Connecticut river, which was also established in 1707. But there were forty-one flourishing congrega tions of the Orthodox Puritan faith in Connecticut, so, if the maxim that the "majority rules" is a good one the Puritans were doing no more than llv : isg up to their rights in opposing the Organization of non-orthodox churches. 1 An Episcopal Center. As early as 1690 there were a few Episcopalians in Stratford, and a .'few years later there were known to be fif teen families of that communion there. So large a number of Episcopalians in Puritan Connecticut, at that early day, was unusual in any portion of New England. Many of the families which settled In Stratford, toward the end of the seventeenth century, came there directly from England, instead of from other towns in New Eng land, and. they were Epis copalians who came to America to better their temporal condition and not to be rid of persecutlbn, as was the case of the Puritans. Lay services were held In the differ ent homes of the churchmen of Strat ford till 1702, when they felt they were of sufficient strength to help sup port a missionary, so application was made to the bishop of London for a missionary. ' Although they strongly emphasized the fact that their condl tion, without a minister or a teacher was a sad one, for some unknown rea j son the bishop did not send them any j one. But they were in earnest, and, j as they could not have a minister of their own, they concluded to try to j borrow one for special occasions. With j this idea in mind In 1705 they asked i Rev. William Vesey, rector of Trinity church in New York, to come to Strat ford to baptize candidates, to admin ister communion and to preach to them. But the long journey on horse back through an almost trackless for est was more than he could undertake so he referred them to Rev. George Muirson, the missionary-rector of the parish at Rye, N. Y. It was not, how ever, till a year later that Mr. Muir son went to Stratford, where "he preached to a large congregation and baptized twenty-four persons," many persons coming to hear him from "scattered hamlets and settlements that were a day's horseback ride distant. "Dangerous to be n Clmrclimnn." With Mr. Muirson was Colonel Caleb Heathcote, "fully armed," the old re cords and letters tell us, for it was dangerous to be a Churchman and to talk Episcopacy in Puritan Connecti cut of those days. Colonel Heathcote was one of the most prominent men in the Province of New York and the richest man in Westchester county, his manor including nearly the whole of the parish at Rye. He was how ever, more notable for his champion ship of Episcopacy than for his so cial and civil prominence or for his wealth. He was one of the parishion ers of Trinity parish In New York city and gave generously toward erect ing the church edifice, and many of the parishes in Westchester county, N. Y., owe their beginning to him. Says a writer of Episcopal church history in that county: "To Colonel Heathcote's Influence, cordial co-operation and per sonal participation in his ' labors did Mr. Muirson owe, under God, the suc cess, he met with in Connecticut." Colonel Heathcote's habit of carry ing arms while traveling as loader of tne cnurcn "militant proved an ex cellent habit on this visit, for he and Mr. Muirson were stopped on the way and threatened with rough handling and imprisonment if Mr. Muirson preached. Notwithstanding ' which Mr. Muirson preached to "a large con gregation." He was in Stratford again two or three times, and on one occasion Rev. Evan Evans of Philadel phia, Pa., accompanied him. The month of' April, 1707, is a mem orable month to all Connecticut churchmen, for it was early In April of that year that the happy, earnest ly desired event took place for which those few, faithful, patient churchmen had been hoping' and prayingthe or ganization of Christ church and par ish, No great imagination is required for one to hear, coming down through the two centuries, the faint echo of the exultant voices of those Yankee churchmen and of their wives and, their children as they sang the "Venite exultemus Domino" and the Te Deum on that joyous occasion. Buf tt was many bitter, sorrowful, soul-trying years (in fact, not till after the Revo lution) that they could utter those words from the Benedictus: "That we being delivered out .of the hand of our enemies, might serve Him without feari" On the second Sunday that Mr. Muirson was to preach in Stratford, one of the town officials, supported by a considerable number of the Inhabit ants, stood, in the public road and warned all Episcopalians to keep away from the service on pain of having to pay a fine of five pounds, should any of them disobey .this order. A Fine Roll o Honor. Not all the names of those first. earnest churchmen are known, but a few have been preserved on the peti tion to the bishop of London In 1702. There Is but one opinion about tho Ga3 Range. Every woman who uses one agrees it is the perfected means of cooking, and every woman who cooks with coal wishes she had one. Summer is the season tn enjoy life. It Is the playtime of the year. But there isn't much . fun in spending the hot days in an over-heated kitchen. Sum mer is just beginning. Get a Gas Range and leave drudgery behind. With one, meals are prepared in short order, while the entire house remains cool and pleasant Our ranges are the best make for sale. Send for the Gas Man to-day. NEW HAVEN GAS LIGHT CO. Their' names are" as worthy of being remembered and venerated by all YanT kees, for they made as courageous a stand for the support of a struggling cause In 1707, as their descendants, to gether with their well loved Congrega tional brethren, made in 1776, and .as their descendants made in 1861. The nineteen names signed on that petition are: Richard Blacklatch, Richard Blacklatch, Jr., Isaac Brint, Daniel Bennett, Thomas Brooks, Archibald Dunlop, Thomas Edwards, Samuel Gaskill, Samuel Hawley (the . ancestor of General Joseph R. Hawley), Samuel Henry, Isaac Knell, Jonathan Pitman, John Peat, William Rawllnson, Daniel Shelton, William Smith, , John Skit more, Isaac Stiles, Timathy Titherton. A request has been sent to England, to the Venerable Society for the Pro pagation of the Gospel ,in Foreign Parts, that Mr. Muirson should be ap pointed their missionary, and It was granted, but the knowledge of his ap pointment did not reach Stratford till after his death, which occurfed In October, 170S. A Boomeraug. During tho five years succeeding the death of Mr. Muirson the people of Stratford had no missionary but they were occasionally visited by clergymen from a distance. By 1700 Episcopacy had become so firmly established in Stratford that the ecclesiastical au thorities of the Orthodox church in Connecticut felt that something must be done to neutralize its "dangers." They decided "that one of the best preachers both colonies afforded (Con necticut and Massachusetts) should be soi:ght out and sent there." They de cided upon Rev. Timothy CutW of Boston, and he became the minister of the Stratford Congregational church, in 1709. His scholarly attainments and brilliancy as a preached were the cause of his election in 1719 as presi dent (rector it was then called) of Yale college. At Yale he found some books which turned his thoughts toward the Episcopal church, and in 1722 he, with Rev. Samuel Johnson, minister of the Congregational church In West Haven, went, to England to be ordained as priests of the Episcopal church. They returned to America in the fall of 1723 and Rev. Pamui-1 Johnson became rec tor of Christ church, Stratford. In the meantime, the parish had been provided with a rector from England In 1712, Rev. Francis Philips, who was In no way suited for the life or work in the colonies and who by his unwise conduct injured the church. Fortun ately, he left suddenly at the end of but eight months. From that time till 1722 tho parish had no rector, but in that year another Englishman, Rev. George Plgfltt, was sent, out as mission ary to Providence, R. I., with directions t.) stop for a time at Stratford. Ha was in every way a fine mm nnd he suc ceeded in repairing much of the harm done by Mr. Phl.lpS. He was relieved by Mr. Johnson upon his return from Eng land In 1723. PcrneeutJonii Tbnt Hurt. It was In 1710 that the hardest per secutions began. An agreement w.ls en tered Into by the opponents of Episco pacy not to trade with or give employ ment to Churchmen. Because of this many families were forced to leave Stratford and begin the hard work of clearing the land nhd building homes all over again, as the "fathers and sons were deprived of all ways of. earning a living for those dependent upon them. Many of those who remained in Stratford were fined and Imprisoned for refusing to pay toward the support of the Orthodox minister, or toward buy ing him a farm and building a house upon it. And although they ,were tax ed for the support of the .minister of the Established Church of New Eng land, they were not permitted to vote or hold office, for only such Inhabit ants as were communicating members of the Congregational church could vote or hold office in Connecticut, or in Massachusetts. Later, when , Rev. Bamuet Johnson was rector, he was obliged to send a boat across the sound to Long Island to get supplies for his family as he could not buy them In his home town'. One day, when he went to the jail (he wrote to a friend) h found it filled with his parishioners and a number of their fellow townsmen out side mocking and Insulting them. ' ft 22." To Decorate Home THERE IS NOTHING SO ATTRACTIVE AS Clock stands 29 inches high. Size of dial 13 inches square. Solid oak rich mission style finish. Hourly and half hourly cathedral gong strike. Eight day iriove ment fully guaranteed timepiece. Worth $5.00 SC frf S 2f tbS .y ts' i 6 ?p fi -13 ItVCHES- JIT W i't T-,' ': . '!P If i if- . S 1 . Mil' 1 1 1 l . ! lit' , p ' . irf oi fi r ovement Guaranteed for One Yeat 6' This Clock Can Only Be Secured by Subscribing to journal ...... ... . In offering this clock to the public The Carrington Publishing Company feds that it is giving an opportunity to obtain an article of genuine merit and usefulness at a price much below its actual value, at the same time using a product of an old reliable home industry, THE NEW HAVEN CLOCK COMPANY. : We have avoided, and will continue to avoid, the many cheap and worthless pre mium schemes, relying rather upon the merits of the JOURNAL AND COURIER as a newspaper to make it welcome to our citizens, as its present rapid growth in circulation amply testifies that it is. iBSBSBSBBSBESSSia A Grent KlKure. Rev. Samuel Johnson was a remark able man, a minister and an. educator. President Dwlght of Tale reparded him as being "the father of Episco pacy in Connecticut and the church's most distinguished minister In that Colony." Oxford university honored him with the degrees of Master of Arts and Doctor of Divinity, In 1752 Benjamin Franklin Invited him to be come president of the Academy which became "The College, Acndemy and Charitable School of Philadelphia" in 1765, but Dr. Johnson declined. In 1754 he was elected to and accepted the presidency of King's college In New York (Columbia) and was assistant rector ot old Trinity church In that city, Dr. Johnson resigned from the presidency in 1764 and returned to Stratford to again become rector of his well loved and loving parishioners, and he continued with them - until his death In 1772. His influence and per sonal labors in the ministry and as a educator extended through the coast towns of Connecticut and across Rhode Island to Newport. In his rec torshop in Stratford 1,172 persons were baptized and 4 1 3 became communi cants. Foiled the Yankee Pnrltnii. Next to the founding of Christ church in 1707, the most important and , Joyous event in the history of that I church was the dedication of the' first house for worship on Christmas day, j 1723; the first Episcopal church, edifice in Connecticut. A little while before Rev. George Pigott left for Providence, he petitioned the town, on behaft! of his parishioners for a central site for the proposed edifice', but the orthodox town omciais wanted to have the site Which," says the town record. "In the judgment of all thinking persons may be very inconvenient and a great disturbance to each society, the houses being so near together, If erected there.' Then the officials offered to "swap" the site for which Mr. Pigott hnd petitioned for the" land they had bought next to the meetinghouse, ex actly as he believed they would. Tho church was built and dedicated soon after Dr. Johnson became its rector, generous contributions of money being received from friends, especially in New York city and in Westchester county, N. Y. In 1727 a general petition from churchmen in Stratford and the neigh boring towns obtained for them par tial relief from being taxed for the support of the Congregational minis ter, in general court passed an act In that year permitting Episcopalians to apply their tax for religious purposes toward the support of their own min ister, but the magistrates of Stratford limited the benefits hoped for from the act, by declaring that only those who lived within a mile of the Episcopal minister were to be regarded as Epis copalians. As the parish covered a great territory, and as the homes ' of the parishioners were widely separat ed, only a few of them were benefited by the act. To prevent Episcopalians from coming from other places to set tle in Stratford, where was the only church in the colony a law gave to the town officials authority to warn all strangers to Immediately leave. In 1728 one-seventh ' of the whole population of the town was Episcopa lian, and by 1713 the congregation had Increased so greatly that the first church of 1723 was too small, and so a new one was built at a costof 1.500 pounds, which sum was given by many persons, William Beach's gift of 1,000 pounds being the largest single con tribution. This building was one of the finest houses of worship in Con necticut. In a letter to a friend Dr. Johnson described It as being "finished m a very neat and elegant manner. further off, they- did not wish to have ! the architecture being allowed in some the church built to near their meeting things to exceed anything before done house. As the rector savs. thev found the proposed sites "clogged with great difficulty." Then Mr. Pigott, although an Englishman, played a clever Yan kee trick to obtain what he and his parishioners wanted. He bought some land next to the meetinghouse. in New England." There was a clock in the tower, and a bell costing 300 pounds that was given by Dr. John son. Damage Vroneht by llie Revolution. The Revolution caused the closing of every Episcopal church in Connecticut with the exception of the one in New town, 'Fairfield county, where there was a strong Tory sentiment. This closing was chiefly due to the pighead edress of the clergy, who Could not see that they were relieved of their moral obligation to pray for the king and royal family when the king failed to live up to his moral obligations toward the' colonies. The great majority of the laymen were patriots and fought for Independence, shoulder to shoulder with their Congregational, Baptist and Methodist brethren. In that respect the Congregational ministers exhibited a. much finer spirit .than did the Episco pal ministers. Indeed, in the town of North Branford, In the neighboring county of New Haven, Rev. Samuel ltlls organized a company from among his parishioners, one Sunday after ser vice, led them to New York to join Washington's army, und was given a captain's commission by Governor Jo nathan Trumbull, and he was by no means an exception among the Congre gational clergy. When peace was declared in 1783, the Venerable society for the Propagation of the Gospel ceased giving financial aid to the parishes In America, so Christ church was obliged to depend upon its own resources, and they were slender Indeed, for the war had great ly reduced the finances and number of the Stratford churchmen. So late as 180!) there were but eighty families and sixty tommuhicants left in Stratford. This was a great falling off from the numbers In Dr. Johnson's time. But as time progressed prosperity return ed to the famous old church. And now, in 1907, Christ church has over tvy-o, hundred communicants and thrives. And when, In a few days, a great company of bishops, priests and lay men shall gather in the beautiful old town of Stratford to celebrate, with their brethren of other church bodies, the two hundredth anniversary of the founding of the first Episcopal church in Connecticut, the knowledge that these two hundred years have not been spent in His service in vain, that the strife of two hundred years ago has beer, replaced by peace and good will, will be indeed Inspiring. George G. Roberts, Boston Transcript. MEET TO-MORROW. New Ilnvea County Public Health A ;' '. suointlon. The New Haven County Public Health association will hold Its quarterly meet ing to-moprow at the Hotel Garde in this city, aud representatives " from health association in other" counties of the state are expected; The subjects for discussion are: "Uni form Methods of.: Fumigation." "Is it Necessary or Advisable to Amend Town Health Oflibers Regulations as Now in Force?" '.'How Best Can We Protect Public or Private Ice or Water Supplies, Es pecially With Reference to the Use o? Pcnds by the Public for Skating or Bathing?" "The Present Law and How it Can be Enforced." . , Dr. Joseph H. Townsend, secretary of the state board of health, will read a paper on "Fumigation." The officers of the New. Haven County Public Health association are presi dent, Carleton E. Hoadley; vice presi dent, Dr. Lewis Barnes; secretary and treasurer, Dr. Edgar Adams Wilson. TM BAY STATE FRANKLIN i ' In Just. The Thing For Country and Seashore Vacation Cottages j x I i "llti" i I ill si lu"i v j S'i'j 'I J l" t ii.fi MJ 7"! li Tl" lis U F l,i ;v j X ' .r - 12 -v. JuS- , ' N- ' ii . . v i ' ! A Send for Prices and Circulars. T. G. WHI Is made of Russia Iron; is light, so thati it can be easily mov ed from room to room. It is hand somely trimmed with? brass and black en- amel, making it or namental in appear-' ance. For cool mornings and even ings, while, the fur nace is low or out, there is nothing mora convenient or eco nomical than a Bay State Franklin. Hade In two lUea tot WOOD or COAL. 360 STATE EHEAD,' STREET.