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NEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COIJEIEE, WEDNESDAY JULY 3 1307 jit -llOSIH OF JULY x One Can See in the Heavens By Just Looking. MARS NOW SUPREME The Moon to be Positively , Eclipsed During the Month. The following information is based on the sky as it apears in the early evening hours: The planet Mars now reigns supreme and, being in oposltlon to the sun, is In the best position for observation. At 8 o'clock in the evening it is seen glowing brilliantly in the southeast, among the stars of the constellation Sagittarius. As the hours pass it rises higher above the horizon, and at mid night It reaches the meridian, pre senting a truly splendid appearance on acount both of its brightness and Its ruddy hue, so different from that of any other planet. It is possible that this peculiarity of Mars, suggest ing the color of blood, was the reason why in ancient times the name of the god of war was assigned to this , , planet. Mars attracts universal at tention Just now because the present opposition Is an unusually favorable one, the planet being nearer to the earth than it has been in many years. The true date of opposition Is July 6, when the distance separating Mars and the earth will be, in round num bers, 38,0000,000 miles. No other large planet, except Venus, ever gets as near to us as that. Occasionally, how ever. Mars itself comes a little nearer, as it will do during its next opposition in 1908. On the present occasion, nev ertheless, it will be near enough to af ford the most admirable opportunities for the study of its strangely marked and variegated surface There is no Other planet which presents so many features resembling those of our own earth. Attention was called to some of these last month, but it is worth while to go a little further into the de scription of Mars thU month, because It will be the subject of study at ev ery observatory In the world, and in- teresting discoveries may bs announc ed within a few weeks. Mare is the fourth planet in the or- " fler of distance from the sun and the eevnth in size, Jupiter being the larg est and Mercury the smallest. Mars' mean or average distance from the sun is 141,500,000 miles, but thsl orbit is so , eccentric that the distance is variable to the extent of 13,000,000 miles. The Idameter of Mars is 4,200 miles and its density is 73 per cent, of that of the - - orf.H TiWft'forno of prnvttv. whfnh rtn- tenyfnes the weight of bodies is about w-s per cent, of that on the earth. It f follows that a body weighing 100 I pounds on the earth if removed to the surface of Mars would weigh only 38 j pounds. The length of the year for Mars, or the time takes for one rev olution around the sun, is 689 days, or 43 days less than two of our years. At this distance Mars receives from the QUI! cvci mjuuic liuic ui iva out irti:t: 'a little less than half as much licht (and heat as fall upon the same area j of the earth's surface. Unless, then, there is some peculiarity of its at- mosphere tending to store up heat the average temperature of Mars must be much lower than ours. The sunshine must , also be considerably less bril liant. , The length of the day, or the time of the planet's rotation on Its axis, fa about 24 1-2 hours, very closely ac ,cordant with that of the earth.. An . other close resemblance of the earth is found in the inclination of the axis of Mars to the plane of its orbit. This inclination is 24 degrees 50 minutes for 3 Mare, and 23 1-2 degrees for the earth. Lit results from this similarity that the seasons on Mars, as far as they de pend upon the inclination of its axis, yi ovivaity iucui.n.tu wj.ui uiuse ui the earth except that owing to the greater length of aMrs' year, each sea son lasts nearly twice as long as It does with us. Thus each hemisphere of Mars has, In turn, nearly six months of winter, six months of spring, six months of summer and six months of autumn. The surface of the planet is seen With telescopes to be variegated with lighter and darker regions, the former having a reddish yellow color. These latter regions have generally been re garded as representing continents, or iand areas, while the darker areas, which sometimes appear slightly blu ish In color, have been thought by some observers to be seas and oceans. Around the poles are distinctly seen broad patches, or caps, of brilliant white, which gradually disappear as summer advances, and which are very reasonably regarded as representing snow. Even a smal telescope will readily show the white cap covering the South pole of Mars, which is now visible from the earth. The celebrated "canals,' which cross the surface of the planet and intersect one another In every direction, can only be seen with the most powerful Instruments. Hundreds of them have "en mapped by Schiaparelll,, Perclval Jj?well. What they are is a mystery awaititjg complete solution. - The most careful stury of them will be made this summer In many observatories. Perhaps Professor Lowell is right in regarding them as of artificial origin, the work .of the intelligent Inhabitants of Mars. According to this theory the "canals" represent irrigated bands up on the planet. Mars being much older than the earth has parted with the larger part of its waters or perhaps water never existed there as abundant ly as upon the earth and now the in habitants find that to preserve thfc life Of the planet through vegetation It is necessary to draw upon the supply it is rS-cessary to draw upon the supply of wuter furnished by the annual melt ing of the polar snows. There is not enoufh to supply the whole surface of the planet, and accordingly we see It striped with bands which represent those portions where the irrigation ex ists. These bands growing- darker and more distinct as the season ad vances, seem, in that manner, to bear testimony to the truth of the hypothesis that it is within their limits that vege tation grows and life flourishes. Whatever conclusion may be reached concerning such theories they are cer tainly highly interesting, and every person who sees Mars glowing like a signal lamp in the midnight sky this summer, will recall them, and wonder what kind of life exists on that strange neighbor world. The Stars anil Constellation. The most conspicuous of the constel lations visible in the southern part of the sky at this season Is Scorpio, whose long straggling array of stars is seen at no great elevation above the meridi an. The brightest star Is Antares, of the first magnitude, a star remarkable for its fiery red color, different from that of any other large star in the heavens. Possessors of telescopes of not less than four inches aperture may en- Joy the spectacle of the companion of Antare, a little star of a bright green color which is almost lost in the stronger rays of its great primary. The contrast of color is very striking and when well seen there is no more beau tiful double than Antares. Eas of 'Antares appears Sagittarius, now made more brilliant by the pres ence of Mars within its borders. North of Scorpio and Sagittarius the observer will find the intermingled constella tions of Ophiuehus and Serpens. Oh' Melius Is represented In the old eelos. tlal charts as a tall powerful man grasping a writhing serpent in his hands. The reader may amuse himself in attempting to see the "forms of the man and the serpent traced out of the stars. The little group Just under Coro na, the Northern Crow, represents the borders of Scorpio and Sagittarius the broad stream of the Milky Way seems ti pour down from the heavens above and to disappear behind the horizon Nowhere is the Milky Way more bril liant than Is this part of its course. "It is very broad, with many branches, and bays, and In places It seems to gather in deep pools of sparkling light. An opera glass shows a few of the mul titude of star' composing it, while a telescope reveals them in wonderful masses, which have been aptly called "star cloiils." Nowhere is the observer more impressed with the glory of the starry firmament than here. Following up the course of the Milky Way from Scorpio and Sagittarius we come upon the little constellation Aqulla, easily recognized by three stars in a row, a bright one, Altair, In the center, and a fainter one on either side. Northeast of Aquila is Delphinus, the Dolphin. From this peculiar figure formed by its prin cipal stars this Is often called "Job's Coffin." Still farther northward and lying ex actly in the Milky Way appears Cyg nus, whose chiof stars mark out very distinctly, the figure of a gigantic eross.often called the "Northern Cross." The brightest star, at the head of the cross, is Deneb, while the star at the foot of the cross la Gamma Cygnl, or Albireo, one of the most exquisitely beautiful of the double stars. The larger star Is white or golden white, and the smaller pure blue. The smallest tele scope suffices to separate these stars and to show their contrasting colors. With an instrument of two or three Inches' aperture and a.,magnifylng pow er of 50 diameters they are beautifully shown. Their distance apart is rather more than thirty seconds of arc. I have even separated them with a very pow erful field-glass. In the western half of the sky the observer will notice Virgo, Corvus, Leo, Coma Berenices, and the Great Dipper, while Arcturus, in Bootes gleams high overhead, west of the zenith. Running the eye eastward from Arcturus we ccme upon Corona, then the irregular square in Hercules, and then the bril liant blue-white ,Vega In the constella tion Lyra, lying between Hercules and tht Northern Cross. There will be a partial eclipse of the moon on the night of the 24th. . Economies That Don't Pny. With the improvement of mechani cal processes the time has mome when material things once costly are cheaper than human labor. The youth who paused to pick up a pin on the sidewalk is no longer the type of thrift, but the man who values his time too highly to waste it on a trifle. A reason given by good authority for an increased consumption of nails In this country Is that formerly a work man on a ladder or scaffolding who dropped a nail would get down and pick it up; now it Is cheaper to save the workman's time and let the nail go. Thomas A. Edicon wears - a cheap watch. When It wears out he throws it away and gets another. A watch can be bought for a dollar which will keep good time for two or three years. It would cost more to repair it than to buy a new one. A pair of smoked glasses can be bought for a quarter. It would take a dollar's worth of an optician's time to match and replace one broken lens in the twenty-five cent pair. Children's clothing can be bought ready made at less than the retail price of the material and when the clothing is shabby it is cheaper to throw it away than to hire a seam stress. A woman who loves to sew and counts her time as worth nothing may save money for her family, but a woman may often do more for her family In other ways than by sticking to the needle al day. To keep abreast of the world's thought, to be an in tellectual help to " her children, is worth more to them than the few pennies saved by exhausting toil, ex cept when there is desperate poverty. Sometimes there is' an exception to the principle that' time is more ex pensive than matter. The PostofTice department has Just ordered mail clerks to untie and save twine used in tying bundles instead of throwing it away. For years it has been considered cheaper to let It go, but the rise in the price of Jute and hemp to double former prices makes it seem to the department betetr to save the twine. It may be doubted whether this is a real exception. Chicago Tribune. LOCAL FINANCIAL NOTES. New Tork, New Haven & Hartford Railroad was rather strong in price this week selling from 160 to 163, both quotations being ex-dividend. The transfer books of the Southern New England Telephone company closed on Saturday at 1 p. m. for the regular quarterly dividend of 1 1-2 per cent, payable July 15 and at the same date the third Installment on the new stock will be payable. This will call for $350,000, less what may have been paid in advance. The fourth and last installment will be due October 15, when the whole of the new sub scription stock of $2,200,000 will be out. Thf 'Rrtison rapetrlo. Tlluminntine Co. of Boston lias declared an extra di vidend of 1 per cent., making 3 1-2 per cent, payable August l, to notaers oi rectrd of July 15. General Electric fights are selling from 1 1-4 to 1 1-2. Atchison and Union Pacific R. R. rights selling from 1-2 to 1 cent. Coupons from $5,000,000 Swift & Co., 5's are due to-day. Also from the Conn. Railway & Lighting 4 1-2's of 1951. . The third installment of 25 per cent, on the New York, New Haven & Hart ford R. R. convertible 3 1-2's is paya ble to-day. On the presentation of the warrants, interest for nine months, from October 1, 1906, wil be paid and stamped on thg warant as well as the receipt for the Installment. , The fourth and last Installment will be due April 1, 1908. Holders who desire can pay In full at this time and receive the regular coupon or registered bonds. It will be remembered that this issue Qf $30,000,000 bonds can be exchanged for $20,000,000 full paid stock on Janu ary 1, 1911; that Is the holder of $3,000 bonds has the option of receiving in exchange twenty shares' of full paid stock of the par value of $2,000. The clearings and balances of the New Haven Banks for the week end ing June 29, 1907 and for the corre sponding week of last year, are fur nished by the Secretary of the New ; Haven Clearing House as follows. j 1907. Balances. 1906. ' June 24 .$305,914.88 $36,377.26 $315,747.98 June 25 . 456-777.24 117,505.06 444.477.ll" June 26 . 355.S23.SG 38,951.95 329.266.60 June 27 . 339,715:40 33,046.74 304.348.30 June 28 . 358,691.57 72,187.90 348,874.01 Juno 29 . $78,667.14 72,033.53 339.S4S.81 Totals $2,195,589.09 371,002.43 2,082,060.81 Increase clearings week, 1907. $113, 528.28. Balance's week 1906, $357,479.36. Difference balances, $13,523.07. Clearings week 1905, $2,247,669.08. Clearings week 1904, $2,663,348.35. Clearings week 190, $1,648,787.86. Dividend Soon Due. American Bank Note, rate 50c, June 29; book close June 8. Amer. Can. pfd., 1 1-4, July 1; June American Car 'Foundry, 1, July 1; June 6. Do. preferred, 1 3-4, July 1; June 6. American Chicle, 2, July 20; July 15. 'American Express, $3, July 1; June 15. American Locomotive pfd., 1 8-4, July 22; July 5. American Railway & Lighting pfd., 1 1-2, July 1; June 21. American Screw, 2 1-2, June 29; June 20. American Smelters, 2, July 15; June 28. Do preferred, 1 3-4, July 1; June 14. American Sugar Refining, 1 8-4, July 2; June 1. Do preferred, 1 3-4, July 2; June 1. American Telegraph & Telephone, 2, July 15; June 15. American Tobacco pfd., 1 1-2, July 1; June 15. Atchison pfd., 2 1-2, August 1; July 5. Utlantlc Coast Line pfd., 3, July 10; June 21. Boston & Worcester, pfd., 2, July 1; June 25. Calumet & Hecla, $20, June 28; May 31. 'Canada Southern 11-4, August 1; June 28. Central Leather pfd., 1 3-4, July 1; June 10. Chicago & Northwestern, 3, 1-2, July 1; June 3. Do. preferred, 2, July 1; June 8. Chicago, R. I. & Pacific, 1, July 1; June 14. Chicago & Great Western pfd., 4, July 15; June 15. Colorado Telephone, 1 8-4, July 15. Colts Arms, 1 1-4, July 1; June 22. Con. Trac. N. J., 2, July 15; June 29. Copper Range, 2, July 1; June 6. Corn Products, pfd.; 1, July 10; June 28. Cripple Creek Cent. 1 1-2, July 20; Juyl 10. Do referred, 1, July 20; July 10. Crucible Steel pfd., 11-2, July 1; June 19. Cumberland Telegraph & Telephone, 1 3-4, July 1, June 19. Denver & Rio Grande pfd., 2 1-2, July 15; Juno 28. Dominion Coal, 1, July 2; June 21. Gorham Manufacturing Co., 1 1-2, July 18. Granby Consolidated Mine, 3, June 29; June 14. Hudson River Telephone, 1, July 15; July 5. International Silver pfd., 1 1-2, July 1; June 17. Jersey Central, 2, August 1, July 15. Lake Erie & Western pfd., 1, July 15; June 28. Lehigh Valley Railroad, 2, July 13; June 29. Mackay Cos, 1, July 1; June 15. Maryland Coal pfd., 4, June 29; June 17. Massachusetts Gas, 1, August 1, July 15 Merganthaler LInotipe, 2 1-2, June 29; June 15. Metropolitan Street Railway, 1 3-4, July 16; June 29. Mexican Telegraph; 2 J-2; JaJy June 29. Michigan Central, 2, July 29; June 2S. Minn. & ?l Louis pfd., 2 1-2, July 15; June 28... Missouri Pacific, 2 1-2, July 20; June St, Mohawk Mine, $5, July 10; June 15. National Biscuit, 1 1-4, July 15; June 28, 2ESE2 1 "IF 1 O ecorate t Home THERE IS NOTHING SO ATTRACTIVE AS 0 fi A II. 7 Clock stands 29 inches high. Size of dial 13 inches square. Solid oak rich mission style finish. Hourly and half hourly cathedral gong strike. Eight day move ment , fully guaranteed timepiece. Worth $5. -13 INCIIES- 'f,lK, ,i- ' V , " 3 I ,1 ' v I 1 I 1 f ra:&- - m fcrin ab: -hat..?.'. u RsMtiT r L .El mm 4 7if s$xr 1 1 jf mM tut V ' i ' I hO1 Elgfitscfay Movement Guaranteed for One Year he This Clock Can Only Be Secured fay Subserving to T journal and C -Tf- ourier r In offering this clock to the public The Carrington Publishing Company feels that it is giving an opportunity to obtain an article of genuine merit and usefulness at a price much below its actual value, at the same time using a product of an old reliable home industry, THE NEW HAVEN CLOCK COMPANY. We have avoided, and will continue to avoid, the many cheap and worthless pre mium schemes, relying rather upon the merits of the JOURNAL AND COURIER as a newspaper to make it welcome to our citizens, as its present rapid growth in circulation amply testifies that it is. TERMS Pay $1.00 on receipt of the clock, then at the rate of 10 cents a month for 12 Months and subscribe for the Journal and Courier for one year. iSBSSS National Lead, 1 1-4, July 1; June 1. Nebraska Telegraph, 1 1-2, July 10; June 29. New Tork Central, 1 1-2, July 15; June 28. New York, & New Jersey Telegraph, 1 3-4, July 15; June 6. New York, Ontario . & Western, 2, July 29; July 16. Nipissing Mines, 3, July 20; June 27. P. Lorlilard pfd., 2, July 1; June 15. Providence Telegraph, $1, July. Quaker Oats, 2 1-2, July 15; July 5. Reading Railroad, 2, Aug. 1; July 15. Rep. Iron & Steel pfd., 3 3-4, July 1; July 10. . Royal Baking Powder, pfd., 1 1-2, June 29; June 15. Sears-Roebuck pf,l 3-4, July 1; June 15. Shannon Copper, 50c, July 1; June 15. Southern Pacific, 1 1-4, July 1. Do. preferred, 3 1-2, July 12; June 29. St. Louis & Santa Fe 1st pfd., 1, July 1; June 15. , St. Mary Mining & Land, $1; July 1; June 10. , Standard Gas, New York, 3 1-2, July 1; June 22. Standard' Screw, 3, July 1; June 20. Do. preferred. 8, July 1; June 20. Swift & Co., 1 3-4, July 1; June 15. Torrington pfd., 3 1-2, July 1; June 19. Union Bag & Paper pfd., 1, July 15; June 29. iTnitsdnCnptfT)?d;;'Sr5f'.TXr. is;"'" United Fruit, 2, July 15; June 26. United Bank Note pfd., 1 1-2, July 1; June 17. United Shoe Machine, 2, July 16; June 20. , Do. stock, 25; July 15: June 28. ( Do. preferred, 1 1-2, July 15; June 20- Union Pacific, 2 1-2, July 1. U. S. Leather pfd., 1 1-2, July 1; June: 10. V. S. Red. & Reg. pfd., 1 1-2, July 1; June 20. . Western Unoln Telegraph, 1 1-4, July 15: June 20. Westinghouse Air Brake, 5; July 10; July 1. I, oral Dividend!). Nat. New Haven Bank, capital $464, 800; dividend, 4; payable, July 1. Mechanics Bank, $.100,000; 2; July 1. City Bank, $500,000; 3; July 1. Merchants Nat., $350,000; 3; July 1. Second National, $500,000; 4; July 1. .National Tradesmen's, $300,000; 4; July 1. New Haven Trust Co., $200,000; 2 1-2; July 1. New Haven Gas Light, $2,000,000; 2; July 1. New Haven Water Co., $2,500,000; 4; July 1. Security Insurance,. $300,000; $1.50; July l New Haven Savings Bank, deposits; 2; July 1. National Savings Bank, deposits, 2; July 1. Connecticut Savings Bank.deposits, 2; July 16. Southern New England Telephone, $6,000,000; 1 1-2; July 16. Bank, Loans Invest Class A, $2.40; July 1. Bank Loans Invest. Class B, $1.50; July 1. N. Y., N. H. & H. R. R., $90,000,000; 2; July 1. BOROUGH OF FEXWICK. Refill n r Horoutth Ticket Won by Satin fnetory I'liirnlity. The borough of Fenwlck went through the throes of its annual elec tion this week Monday. Considering this momentous affair which had es caped the advance attention of the newspapers, the Hartford Courant re marks: "The election resulted as the weary counters discovered at a late hour, In an overwhelming plurality for the regular ticket. The polls were open from 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. and the excitement when the ballot box was closed was intense until the result was announced to the surging crowd outside. The .complete ticket as elected is as follows: Warden-George H. Day. Clerk John D. Parker. Treasurer Morgan G. Bulkeley. Auditor Henry B. Hale. Burgesses James B. Moore, Phinens H. Ingalls, . Leonard D. FIsk, Morgan G. Bulkeley, George I. Stevens, Lucius 13. Barbour. The election Is always held on. July I, unless that day" falls on ' Sunday, but It Is not always that the heart inter est attaches to the result which marked the election yesterday. Sheriff John T. Beckwith was the moderator and no less than four( 4)v otes were cast, three of the vote: . being John D. Parker, John T. Beckwith and Henry B. Hale; the other man managed, apparently, to vote and escape undiscovered. The most excitement occurred though when H. C. Chapman at tempted to vote but was refused the privilege by the moderator. Mr. Chap man came from Klssimmee, Fla in 1906, and leased Fwwlck Hall of its owners, - conducting it last season. This spring he bought the hotel. His name did not appear on the voting list and he was left with the unelect. The prompt action of the moderator saved the ballof box from being unduly crowded. There were no split tick ets and the tally sheet of the check ers corresponded exactly with the number of ballots found in the box. The election was held In a room In the hotel which was generally con. ceded to be a comfortable place and it was reported that the affairs of tha borough are in a satisfactory condi tion. Auditor Hale, who has held the office for five years, says that up to this time he has had nothing to audit, and that the task is not an arduous one. ORDER FROM MAYOR. To Restrict Noise on Green To-morrow, The following order was issued yes terday by Mayor Studley; "In view of the critical condition of ex-Mayor Sargent, who is very ill at his residence at the corner of Elm. and Church streets, it has been decided definitely to give up that portion of the Fourth of July celebration on the Green consisting of bombs and other explosives. The illumination will be given as usua.1 and the band stand will.be moved to the south end of tha Green. Any use of. cannon crackers or other explosives by private individ uals near the Sargent residence is es pecially prohibited and the police ars directed to enforce this order. "Before the contract for fireworks for this year -was signed, provision wai made by the city authorities for leav- ing out the bombs and other noisy features of the Fourth of July celebra tion if Mr. Sargent's condition re quired it, and this plan is now definite ly decided on in view of Mr. Sargent's condition. , . (Signed) "JOHN P. STUDLEY." Mayor Studley o.lso annonunced that the grandstand would be erected on the Green between Trinity and United churches, instead of on the north end of the Green as formely. This is also in keeping with the movement to keep away the crowds from the Sargent rel. deuce.