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16 HAVEN MOENJJSG JOUEXAL AND COURIER, SATURDAY JULY. 27 1907 fce lourual and Courier Saturday Jly 27. TELEPHONES 1 EDITORIAL ROOJI, 664. BUSINESS OFFICE. 3981. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS TODAY. Mitchell's Salt Water Taffy Pianola-Piano Steinert Pocket-Magnifiers Harvey & Lewis Financial Yale National Bk. For Saturday S. S. Adams Steamers Hamburg-American Line Presents Durant 'Yale Toast" Crackers IX M. Welch & Son Men's Fine Suits Meigs Frank S. Piatt Co. Grape-Nuts Groceries I'needa Biscuit Beecham's Pills Glenn's Sulphur Soap Dr. Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil Cutlcura Soap Southern Pacific Piles Cured: Mrs. M. Summers Ready-to-Wear Chas. Monson Co. Inventory Sale Gamble-Desmond Co, Summer Waists Edw. Mallev Co. Hot Weather Price Cutting Bassett iiowe & istetson BRIEF MENTION. ', The regular church fair of the St. Ijawrence church of West Haven starts to-night in Maple Palace. Superintendent Child and Engineer Hill of New Haven looked over Paugh pond, "Wallingford, Thursday, !n rela tion to a. better water supply. : 'Mr, and Mrs. Louis L. Norton will sail August 1st, on steamer Oscar II for Norway! They will go to Sweden and Denmark, returning home early in September. "Two oars loads of people from the Epworth church went to Double Beach yesterday on the annual picnic of tho Sunday school. 'The 'North & Judd Mutual Aid asso ciation of New Britain, will give an excursion to the Rock to-day lasting all day. , There will be a ball game, the (North & Judd against the Hartford Machine Screw company.. . . Inspectors Lewis and Hlnman yester day completed the annual Inspection of the New Haven postofflce. Inspector Lewis stated that they found every thing In first class condition. WANTS WEU, ABOLISHED. lrof. Weir Says It Will Have No Place With Bennett Fountain. ; Professor Weir, the designer of the (Bennett fountain, thinks that with the erection of ' the fountain the old well ton the Green should be abolished. Pro fessor Weir said that the committee faere very deliberate in considering all the practical requirements of the case, and after due deliberation had settled upon the use of city water , to supply the Ave spouts required in the fountain. It was understood that the analysis of the old well water was far from sat isfactory, due to its location, and the filtered city water held for hour un derground and constantly running was preferable, not(on)y from, its quality, lut because of its having sufficient head to perform the various functions of the fountain satisfactorily. The city water, against which there is now no occasion for prejudice, when cooled and purified in the filtering plant and conveyed thence- underground and held in the pipes within the thick walls of the stone fountain win be found to be quite cold enough for drinking pur poses when flowing. Professor . Weir feels confident that the practical re quirements of the Bennett drinking fountain, Which have all been carefully considered, will be 1 found satisfac tory; and many drinking fountains have been inspected in reaching these conclusions. Any attempt to supply water to the jets with mechanical jmmps would be unsatisfactory and ex pensive, requiring constant attendance. TROLLEY HEABING. State Commission Will Consider Two More Improvements. Mayor Studley yesterday received no tice from the railroad commissioners that on Tuesday next at 11 a. m. they would'ihold a public hearing in the of fice at Hartford on the petitions of the Consolidated road for a new line from Congress avenue through Howard to Washington and to the West river, and also on the double tracking in Edgewood avenue, between Hotchklss and Orchard streets., Both matters .have been up before the public at aldermanic 'hearings and were ot opposed. The new trolley route is part of the line to eventually extend from, the West river bridge through Spring street in West Haven and to meet with the Congress avenue line in front of Lion park. FIRE IN HIGHWOOD. House Nearly Completed Mint Ie En tirely Rebuilt. (During the thunder storm early yes terday morning a one-family dwelling liouse on Dixwell avenue near North street, belonging to Harry M. Warner of Church . street, Highwood, was struck by lightning and the upper part was destroyed by fire. There was con siderable delay in getting the High wood fire department to the scene, owing to the lack of a system to call the firemen and in, consequences only the first floor of the house was saved. The house was in course of com pletion and would have been ready for occupancy in a few weeks. The lower part was( so badly dam aged by the fire that all but the foundation walls will have to be torn down and the house rebuilt. . The house was worth $4,000, anl was insured. No Cooking in Hot Weather Eat. Grape-Nuts too l, ready cooked, crlxp and delicious, just Rg it comes from the pkg. with creitiu. "There's a Reason"' II HISTORY OF THE VALUABLE POTATO First Eaten as Food in Peru the Sixteenth Century. NOW USED GENERALLY Sir Walter Raleigh Planted Potatoes in Ireland in 1586. The potato family, or, as the botany terms It, the solanum, is one of Ave or six without which the human family would And it very difficult to carry forward its present strenuous evolu tion. These families seem to have been created or evolved at about the same time In biologic history. The whole sol anum genus abounds in plants pos sessed of toxic properties, but one branch has developed a tuber upon which more human beings are depend ent than upon any other vegetable food at least in the temperate zone. Its ex altation from a demlpoisonous and in significant condition came about collat eral with the first stages of Interna tionalism. The chronicle of one of the old Span ish travelers, published in 1553, says: "The people of Peru eat a tuberous root which they call papas." The Span iards took this root to Spain, where it was grown as "the truffle root." The Italians very quickly adopted It into their gardens, and soon, after the Dutch were cultivating it with much the same zeal that they displayed for tulips. Of its introduction into England all that we are sure of is that, in 1586, Sir Walter Raleigh was growing pota toes in his Irish garden. Thomas Harl ot, In bis account of Virginia, names potatoes among the roots that were found growing there, saying that some of them were as big as a walnut and others considerably larger. This Vir ginia potato seems to have been that which is now known as the Irish, while that grown in Peru is more likely to have been a sweet potato. Another writer, describing the esculents of Vir ginia, says that the potato root is thick, fat and tuberous, and differing much in shape from the sweet potato, except that the roots are not so great or long, while some of them are round as a ball, and others are oval, in the egg fashion, "of which the knobble roots are fastened with an infinite num ber of threddie strings." . Early in the 17th century Raleigh's plantation of potatoes had been repeat ed all over Ireland; but the farmers of England, moved by stubborn prejudice, and possibly in part by jealousy, de cided that they would have nothing to do with the tuber. Shakespeare make's Falstaff imagine that the heavens are raining potatoes upon him an imag ination which could hardly have been delightful, unless the potatoes retained their original emall size. It was as late as the time of Charles II, certainly it was after the Cromwellian episode, be fore the potato got any fair hold in English soil. , Gilbert White, writing in 1778, says that potatoes had prevailed in his dis trict for about twenty, years; and that this had been brought about "only by means of premiums," but that potatoes were then much 'esteemed by the poorer people, who would scarcely Have ven tured to taste them in the previous reign. Another writer speaks of them as a rather questionable product pos sibly to become human food, "although rather flatulent and acid for the hu man stomach." He recommends boiling them with dates and thinks that such a combination would keep sou! and body together for those who are too poor to get anything better. It is probable that the storage of this esculent was very little understood, and so, being left in the light after digging, , they became continuously less and less suitable for food. The story of the introduction of the potato into France has been often told. The country people were so convinced of the poisonous nature of the tuber that they would not give it a trial. Its friends were actually mobbed for trying to introduce a food that would poison tho people. The story goes in two ways. One of these tells us that King Louis XIV wore potato blossoms in his but tonhole, and had potatoes on his royal table, until they became popular with the aristocratic clashes. Another story recounts how a celebrated physician sxel philanthropist planted a field of p.:tatoes, about which he placed a guard, with instructions to allow just as much thieving as possible. The poor er people, believing a vegetable that deserved such watchful care must be of great value, stole nearly the whole of them. In this way their prejudice wa-i overcome, and a valuable esculent added to their dietary. The planting in Ireland went on so extensively that Cobbett declared it was destined to ruin the whole country. The people were turning aside from other articles of food so generally to the culture of the potato that when the rot set in they starved. This rot, which Is so very dif ficult to control even at, the present day, spread all over Ireland just before the middle of the nineteenth century. The whole world came to the rescue with shiploads of cereals, and yet it was one of the greatest disasters that ev overwhelmed any nation. The sweet potato must not be under stood as being a close relation of the common potato. It belongs in the morning-glory family, which is much more notable for- its flowers than for its edible products. Its botanical sub name is batata, and it certainly glori fies even the gorgeous floral family to which it belongs. The crop is in the United States amounts annually to over 50,000,000 bushels, and every year il. is coming more into general use. Un fortunately it doe3 not adapt it.-elf to that part of the northern States which Is included in the apple belt or the corn belt. It is a curious fact that tho same sort of sweet potato is not popu lar both at tho North and the South. In the North a dry and mealy tuber is preferred, but in the Southern States a soft and sugary tuber finds the pre ference. In Florida the Irish potato is planted for the northern market in April, although it may be planted at any time of ihe year. It is often left in the ground, to be dug at any time that It is needed for the table. A Mex ican species of the batata, gives jalap. a medicine of which some of us nave vivid recollections. However, the fam ily will be known mainly by its roots of a farinaceous and saccharine sort, and by its splendid array of climbing and flower-bearing plants. Gerarde, speaking of this esculent, says: 'The potato rootes are, among Italians, Indians and many other peo ple, like common and ordinarie meate, which no doubt are of mightie and nourishing parts, and do strengthen and comfort nature; their nutriment is, as it were, a mean between flesh and fruit." He adds that from the roots may be made a sort of conserves, of no less toothsome and wholesome dain tiness than can be made of quinces and likewise "those comfortable and delicate meates, called in shops Mor selle placentulae, and divers such like." These roots, according to his direction, will serve as a ground or foundation upon which the "cunning confectioner or sugar baker" may work out and frame a large number of very delicate sweetmeats and other "restoratives." He describes the roasting of sweet po tatoes in ashes, and tells us that when they are so roasted they should be In fused with wine, poured upon them; while other tubers may be boiled with prunes apd eaten with them; and still others may be dressed with oil, vinegar and salt "but every man to his own taste and liking." Notwithstanding, "howsoever they be dressed, they com fort, nourish and strengthen the human body." Another member of the solanum fam ily would, I think, be .released from our dietary with nearly as much regret as the potato; and the history of the to mato is quite as curious as that of Its congener. Gerarde called it the "apple of love," and as love-apple it was known until very near tho middle of the nineteenth century. It came orig inally from tropical America, although I think that one variety was native of our middle States. It still requires a warm soil and a sunny, open position in order to develop its fruit to perfec tion. It began to enter, into consump tion rather freely about 1840. It' was still looked upon with suspicion on ac count of its relationship, and for a long while the flavor and the rank odor caus ed it to get a very doubtful welcome on the dining table. The rank flavor of those days has bean cultivated out, while the size and shape have been greatly improved. The ideal tomato is free from wrinkles and from a hard core, which were the special character istics of the earlier sorts. We should find our civilization very decidedly af fected by the entire sweeping out of this delicious vegetable fruit. Gerarde says: "The apple of love brlngeth forth very long, round stalks eiing upon the ground, not able to' sus- or branches, fat and full of juice, trav- taine himselfe upright by reason of the terdernesse of the stalk, and alsoe the great weight of the leaves and fruit wherewith It is surcharged." He tells us that among the leaves come yellow flowers, clustering together upon short stems, "where d-i come into place afire and goodlle apples, uneven and bunch ed out in many places, of . a bright shining pippin." He adds that tho pulp or meat is very full of moisture soft and reddish and very much of the sub stance of the plum. He adds that the whole plant is of a rank and stinking flavor. , The yellow tomato was not known until considerably after the red variety and was known at first as the Ethiopi an apple. In England they called it the pomodare. The yellow varieties are of milder flavor than the reds, and re cently some varieties have been devel oped, like the Golden Queen, which ar of exquisite fragrance and flavor. Skil ful housewives are beginning to find out. the delight of this golden apple, especially to use the slices mixed in the dish with those of scarlet . flesh. Gerarde speaks of the golden apple, and calls it a "colde herbe, but not fully so colde as mandrake," by which he evidently means that the tomato is a ooollng fruit for hot days. In Spain they eat these "apples" prepared and boiled, with pepper, salt and oil. Ger arde Insists, however, that the tomato has very little nourishment, and is practically a poison to the human sys tem. Another solanum of great value, and bearing its fruit above ground, is the egg plant. Good cooks have devised many ways for making this a delight fully appetizing dish, but with ordin ary cooking it has very little value, either as food or as a delicacy. Ger arde seems to have known a good deal about the cooking of the fruit and' how easily it could be spoiled. He says that the egg plant, which he calls "Madde or Raging lApples," has a round stalk of about two feet in height and a good deal branched out; that it is set with broad leaves of a dark brownish-green color, among which appear the white flowers, sometimes purple flowers, look ing like a star, with what he calls yel low plums in the middle. He tells us that the fruit is about as big as a swan's egg, white or brown, and con taining flat seeds of a yellow color. "The people of Toledo doe eat them with great devotion, being boiled with fat flesh, adding thereto some scraped cheese which they doe keepe in vine gar, honle, or salt pickle all winter." In Egypt and Barbary, he adds that they eat these fruits after roasting them in ashes; adding oil, vinegar and pepper. He rather wishes that English men should content themselves with meat sauce of their own country rather than partake of sauce and fruit with such, doubtful and mischievous quali ties as he thinks belong to these sola- nums. With this advice he gives a side thrust at mushrooms as well. On the whole, he would not have the eg; plant discarded entirely, but likes to have it in his garden for the beauty of it, and the rareness, rather than for any vertue or eood qualitie yet kno.wnc." The egg plant is entering more and more into cultivation, and has been so nobly improved that it is likely to be in everybody's garden hereafter. Un fortunately it needs a very long sea son, and does not like the chilly days which are likely to occur in May. It thrives grandly in our southern States, but 1 have not found it even there in very general cultivati n. It requires about the same temperature as the to mato, and will grow on almost any soil that is rich and deep. It is hardly worth while to spend time on the plant in heavy and cold clay soil. The tomato never likes to be checked in its grvwth, and the egg plant is still more particular on this point. In the real potato family Solanum or nightshade there are also flowers con spicuous for their beauty. Louis might well wear the potato flower in his but tonhole, for its prettiness alone. Much resembling this blossom are the pur ple clusters of the. deadly nightshade which is also notable for its large clus ters of brilliant berries, that are found on the roadside fences in wild ways, and occasionally along our more civil ized highways. The dautro, or trumpet flowef, is found not only in the James town weed (or jimsouweed), but in many improved sorts, double and sin gle, and very fragrant, brilliant yel lows, competing with rich purples. They are grown in our gardens with excel lent effect. We should hardly know what to do without another floral mem ber of this family, which we have call ed the petunia the old Peruvian name of petun, slightly modified. This glori ous flower has proved itself capable of astonishing modifications, in color and in size, with some of the most deli cate markings and pencilings to be found in our gardens. Not a few skilled gardeners have been proud to associate their names with improved sorts of this flower. : It is curious to find a close relation ship existing between the potaio and tobacco. This fragrant weed entered in to consumption with almost equal promptness, and has more than kept pace with the succulent root. Charles Lamb was not the only one among ;he old English writers to describe its charms, as well as .the consequences of indulgence, in classical literature. It is the one plant that has all of . logic against it and all of custom in its fa vor. In an ordinary company of 20 per son tho nonusers will surely be found in a minority. It fits itself to the stren uous life of Americans as a tonic or sedative. It furnishes no nutrition, but is claimed to calm nervous excitability and to restrain hunger. Nicotine is one of the most powerful or nerve poisons, and after producing convulsions kills the victim' by failure of respiration and paralysis. Tobacco smoke, however, contains no nicotine! but does contain other substances producing the same effect. The cigarette victim finds him self subject to giddiness, faintness, and after a while to Intense nausea. It seems probable that, as the evils pro duced by the use of tobacco become better known, ., and at the same time more pronounced in effect; that it will ba eliminated from general use. It cer tainly is having a marked influence for mischief on the excitable American temperament. I have no room for any thing like an adequate story of this pestiferous plant. I have never yet seen a young person who was not dam aged by its usointeliectualy and mor ally, as well as physically. My wonder remains that parents and teachers, as well as preachers, can be found who prefer self-indulgence to a manly ex ample. , , ' ' ' ". I have not . entirely exhausted the beneficent and malevolent evolution of this Solanum family. Other' families of plants certainly contain a larger num ber of eatable .products; but none con tains a wider range of such very di verse products as this nightshade or Solanum which I have preferred to call the potato .family. Some of the more important members of this stock are of such recent developent that we warranted in believing that it contains other fruits or roots, that will in due time become effective agents in the evolution' of mankind. Lordly as we as sume to be, we are really the products of these other families that offer us their fruits for food or their leaves for healing E. P. Powell in the Independ ent. OPINION ON PROBE. Aldennnnle Committee Will Prepare Report Monday Night. Aldermsn W. Perry Curtiss, chair man of the committee appointed - to look up the poewrs of an aldermanic committee to investigate the city's finances has received an opinion from Corporation Counsel IDaggett on 'the' subject, and an executive session of the committee will be held ilonday night to consider it. The Investigation was asked for by Alderman Thomas H. Molloy and has as its purpose to find out if the tax rate cannot be kept down and how. After considering the opinion a report will be made ready for the next aldermanic meeting. if Rnlivii rutting Tenth, 1n fltiro and use thatolilaud well trted remedy, Mwiulow'a Sooth ing Syrup, for children fewthiiiK. it soothes the child, softens tliagums, allays all pant, cures wind cholicand Is thebext remedy ford Inrrhnea. Twenty five cents a bottle. Guaranteed under the Fond Hid DruBS Act. June 30th., 1906, Serial number 101)8. Our 20th Century Sanitary Soda Fountain is equipped with everything .new and modern. We serve a select line of drinks. MAj W.VTI5KS CARBONATED. ALL STRIPS ABSOLUTELY PURE. City Hall Pharmacy Co. NEXT TO CITY HALL. Th8 Nonpariel Laundry C3, (Incorporated.) H GH-CLASS WOR.K We do the wcrk for the leading fam ilies and stores. 271 Blaichley Ay., New Haven, Conn, FINCH Formerly DEWSBURY'S. 15 DIXWELL AVENUE. Dealer In Clours aud Tobacco. Confectionery, stationery; Agent for Semen's Celebrated Ice Cream In Bricks and Bulk. Ice Cream Parlors in Connection With UNIVERSAL There 13 but one opinion about the Gas Range. Every woman who uses one agrees it Is tho perfected means of cooking, and every woman who cocks with coa! wishes she had ono. Summer is the season to enjoy life. It Is the playtime of the year. But there Isn't much . fun In spending the hot days in an over-heated kitchen. Sum mer 13 Just beginning. Get a Gas Range and leave drudgery behind. With one, meals are prepared In short order, while the entire house remains cool and pleasant. Our ranges are the best make for sale. Send for the Gas Man to-day. fill fiJlj SI 1 THE NEW HAVEN At YourGrocersyiGood S-'J .s Ira THE BAY STATE FRANKLIN ii Jasfc For Country and Seashore Vacation Cottages iff 1 1 WW 4 a)T?TJi!' ! tm -,in,T Iff S ( v!if;r itsifM tftliBiltf j lTl itftfit W!1 4! " -4 , S ,1 k J4 .52 iH f-- x Snd for Prices and Circulars. T. G. WHITEHEAD, 360 STATE STREET. Whittall 4 Washable Rugs. Colonial Rugs. . Summer : Hangings. ''Nothing as cool as pure white." Organdies and Muslins begin at 50 cents per pair, range up to f I.75- :' ' ; Our stock is strong in novelties. indow Shade Go, Connecticut's Largest Carpet, Rug and Drapery Store. Foot of Center St. Store C'loHvd Saturdays at Noon. "Now, abn, what ye going to do about the farm?" "I think, pater, I'll go in for a lit tle tally-hoing."' Fine idee! You do the hoeing and I'll keep tally." Louisville Courier- Journal. IS IT ENJOYABLE? Do you like to see other people with defective teeth? !o you not think others would Tie as distressed H yours were that way? Now don't let them get beyond the help of a good dentist. If one of Tour teeth ! mlsslnc have us bridge the space with one thai is the same color, shape and size of the natural one. PHILA. DENTAL ROOMS, 781 CHAPEL ST. Opes Evenings. GAS LIGHT CO. For GilwiwfChHdreA Tho Thing Is made of Russia Iron! is light, so that it can be easily mov ed from room to room.' It is hand somely trimmed with; brass and black en-i amel, making it or namental in appear-' ance. For cool mornings" and even ings,' while the fur nace is low or out, there is nothing more convenient ,or eco nomical than a Bay State Franklin. Mode In tiro aiie tut WOOD O? COAL. -1 5 Sizes. 4 colorings and good designs in dainty bath and chamber styles. $1.25 up. Made from new rags. 27 inch, $1.25. 36 inch, $1.75. Utility Boxes, Burlap and Chintz cov ered, make good "catch alls.". ,-. Investigate our Sliding Window Screens. Perfect in every detail. 75-81 Orange St CASTORXA, " Beam tie TB KM Have Always BanjJJ CHAPEL STREET When lookine- for Wefltlins-. EirthdaV or any Present, do not forget to look over Durant's immense stock of Watches. Clocks, Jewelry and Silverware. PTCIAN Repairing in all branches of th Business. HANDY PINS. Perhaps you know them aa Collar Pins or Baby Pin... Call them what yon want we have a wplendld osort. nient In goldfilleil, GOc 75c per palr gold, $1.50 5.00 per pair. 788 CHAPet Street, NEW haven, ct. Brooches, Gold Beads, Bracelets, Rings, Fobs, . Lockets, Scarf Pins, Pendants. In Rich and Varied assortment. Monson's Jewelry Store. 857-859 Chapel St. Now that the Holiday Rush is over We will T?e able to give our undivided attention to the wants of those of our customers who are still in the city, aa well as those who have left. We ship fruits to all poind, packed in the best manner, ar.d pay express charges to all near-by points, J. B. JUDSON The Mirror Fruit Store. 850 CHAPEL STREET. HART MARKET CO. Spring Lamb Spring Broilers Large Fat Squabs Fresh Killed Fowls Pineapples Strawberries Citron Melons J 180 TEMPLE STREET. Jj Telephone 443. j GG9KING Why suffer the Inconvenience of r; coal fire when at a small cost you caj get a quick cooking apparatus whicll will do the work in half the time andj will not heat up your kitchen? Gas Hot Plates. 1 burner ...200. to 85d 2 burners Jl-26 to ?2.7t 3 burners '....$2 to J3.7 Blue Flame Oil Stores, t 2 burners I4.BJ, 3 burners $6.0 Ovens. For gas and oil 1 stoves, SDo., J1.2I $1.98, $2.49. Refrigerators. i A few odd sizes left we will sell bel low cost i fi i i , C. Cronan k Co 6 Church St.