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NEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, MONDAY AUGUST 5, 1907.
Tl "The Linen Store", You know this, as your "Linen Store," and It Is getting more and more to be YOUR STORE. Dependable linens at all times, In sea son and out of season, the kind of Linen that gives satisfaction. Your dinner or tea table fitted with napery from this store Is absolutely cor rect. We are showing entire new assortment of linens. A Wise plans her clothes In advance of their actual needing The Ladies' Home Journal you can see what the modes and fashions will be months ahead. Mrs. Ralston and other Journal artists are abroad this summer studying fashions for you if you will acoept their services. Whenever you see, in The Journal, a design which pleases you. you need only to tell us, and we can give It to you from among The Ladles' Home Journal Patterns . THE JOURNAL Itself Is on sale at our counter each month at 15c per copy, or we will forward your subscription to the publishers at SI. SO per year. . Tlje(asop. 1FITS INJIL COLOSSAL , (Continued from Second Page.) urlng reoent years have still been al sgether excessive as compared with a Investment. Thus, if it be assumed fiat the profits from 1S97 to 1902 ex- eeded the dividends by 50 per cent. nd that all of the excess in profits was dded to the Investment In the oil bus- hess, the investment at the close of 1)02 would have been about $260,000,000. he profits in 1903 were $81,300,000, or at le rate of over 30 per cent, even on lis high estimate of investment, and Jheaverage profits ,of the. three years, 03 1905, represent over 25 per cent, on n Investment of $260,000,000. When it remembered that, particularly dur- lg 1904 and 1905, much the larger prof- s of the Standard must have been ds- ived from its domestic business, it Is ear that the domestic consumer has aen compelled to pay an exorbitant Ibute to the oil monopoly. roots of the Waters Pierce Oil Com pany. The only individual Standard con- prn regarding whose profits full lnfor- mtion Is available Is the Waters- ierce Oil company. This concern, as Iready stated, does In the United tates only a marketing business, but li Mexico it Is engaged in the refining oil as well as in marketing. The acords of the company maket it possl le to distinguish Its profits on the bus- ness In the United States from those i Mexico. The capital stock of the Waters 'lerce Oil company for many years as been $400,000. Its profits during re cent years have increased with enor- ious rapidity. In 1898 the profits were t the rate of 256 per cent, on the capi ta Btock. In 1904 the profits were over 170 per cent, on the capital stock. The capital stock of the Waters- tlerce Oil company is much less than a actual investment; the additions to s Investments, however, have been iade out of its pro-fits. The rate of profit of the Waters 'lerce company on its total investment as the lowest (23.3 per cent.) in 1896. t Increased in almost every year until :i the first six months of 1904 the prof- s were at the average rate of 47.2 or cent, per year. The rate of profit n the investment in tne ousmess in le United States was 19.1 per cent, in JS96 (being reduced by excessive com- etition in St. Louis), while from 1900 ib 1903 it ranged from 40 to ,48 per cent er year. The actual amount of profits on the jtal business in 1903 (the last full year bvered) was $2,899fl,Sl8, the net m- estment bein $6,228,832. The profit In lie United States in that year was $1, 2,642 on an Investment of $3,285,352. The profits of the Waters-Pierce ompany have Increased not merely in roportion to the investment, dui aiso er unit of product sold. The most im ortant product is illuminating oil. It will be seen that the average pront bn lllumlnatlns oil for the five years S5 to 189 was 83 cents per barrel, -hilo for the four and one-half years rom 1900 to June, 1904, the average was 1.32, a very marked increase. On frasollne the profits of the Waters 'lerce in the United States from 1895 to 899 averaged 84 cents per barrel, and rom 1900 to 1904, $1.01. On lubricating ill the average for the first period was 1.3S per .barrel and for the second $1.80. Combining the profits for tne tnree lasses of petroleum oils, illuminating asoline, and lubricating, In accordance v-lth tho actual quantity sold, the av rago for the years 1395 to 1S99 Is found o be 90 cents per barrel, and from 1900 o 1904, $1.31, or 1.8 and 2.6 cents per ;allon, respectively. It would be highly desirable, if the lata wore available, to show what pro lortion of the total profits of the Stan- Iiard Oil company, as above stated, has ieen derived from the business in the Jolted States. The Indications from Woman By consult the comparison of domestic and foreign prices which will be presented later are that, during the past few years at any rate, the rate of profit on the sales In the United States has been very much greater than on the foreign sales, and, consequently, that much the greater part of the total of the company has been derived from its domestic busi ness. There are, however, no available data by which to determine how much of the profit has come from that source. The Bureau has secured Information by which it Is possible to compute ap proximately the profit per unit of pro duct and the rate of profit on invest. ment In the refining and marketing of the oil produced by several Standard refineries, the product of which is sold almost entirely In the United States. In addition to the profit on the refining and marketing of these products there is a further profit in the pipeline trans portation of the crude oil entering Into them. The refineries for which Jsuch Infor mation regarding profits Is available are those at Lima, Ohio; Whiting, Ind.; Neodesha, Kans.; Sugar Creek, Mo., and Florence, Colo. The latter plant Is owned by the United Oil company, of whose stock only 17 per cent is held by the Standard, but which sells all Its product to the Standard, which makes a heavy profit In marketing it. For each of these refineries, except that at Whiting, the refining concerns them selves furnished the statements show ing the cost of the refining process and the yield of the several products from the crude. The Whiting refinery uses the same kind of crude as the Lima re finery. On account of Its greater size its costs are probably' lower than those at Lima, and the yields of finished pro ducts, If anything, better. For this reason It will not overstate the profit on the Whiting business to assume the costs and yields to be the same as at Lima. Movement of Prices Store Begrlmilng of Industry. The evedence thus far presented shows clearly that the Standara Oil Company has greatly Increased the margin between the price of crude oil and the prices of Its finished products during the past few years. Thefl facts alone are a sufficient condemnation of the Standard's policy and prove that its profits are exorbitant. Neverthe less, the argument will doubtless 'be put forward that, taking the history of the oil Industry as a whole, the Standard has reduced prices and ben- feflted the consumer. Representatives and defenders of the Standard have re peatedly asserted that by reason of its extraordinary efficiency it has brought prices to a point lower than could have been secured if the business had remained In the hands of smaller con cerns. It Is true that, taking the history of the Industry as a whole .(as distin guished from recent years alone), there has been a great decline In the mar glne between crude and Its finished products. The claim of the Standard i3 that it, and it alone, is entitled to the credit for that reduction, This claim of tho Standard Oil is an an extraordinary large one. It implies, first, that the improvements actual'y made in the methods of conducting the petroleum business have been chiefly, if not wholly, attributable to the Stand ard. It implies, second, that the Stand ard's efficiency is not only much great ed than that of its present competitors, but also much greater than could pos sibly have been secured in the absence of such a combination as the Standard. Had there been no such overwhelming combination able by unfair competltlva methods and otherwise to prevent the development of other concerns, the in dustry would to-daf almost certainly be conducted chiefly by a number of large competing concerns, each much more efficient than the present inde pendents. Thirdly, and most important, the Stanard's claim implies that the re- duction In costs secured by that conoern has, in large part, gone to the benefit jf tho .nnsutaer. JUia argument neces sarily Involves the assumption. that the reduction of costs attributable exclu sively to the Standard has been exceed ingly great. Otherwise, it would have been impossible for the Standard nt the same time to reduce prices more than they could have oeen reduced without the Standard and to retain for Itself profits vastly in excess of the normal profits of competitive Industries. It can readily be snown that this ex eravagant claim completely mlsreprs sents the facts. The represenatlves and defenders of the Standard Oil company, as a cor relative of their unwarranted claim that It has been the cause of the reduc tion in prices, make the further claim that the Standard's domination of the Industry to-day is due to the fact that it furnishes products at reasonable prices, and that the less efficient Inde pendent concerns are unable to extend their bunsiness because they can not af ford to sell so cheaply. One sufficient proof that this, argu ment is not well founded is found in the statistics regarding price discrimination which will be presented later. It will be shown that the prices are very much lower in places where independent con cerns sell oil than in other places. It follows that if the Independent con cerns are able to live on the basis of the price which they secure In their particular markets, they could make large profits ,lf they could market their oil throughout the country, and obtain average prices as high as the average obtained by the Standard on Its own business. A further proof that, on the average, the Standard's prices are not lower than those whioh independent concerns ian afford to make Is found In a com parison of the costs of independent concerns with the Standard's cost. Thef cbsts of the present indapendent con cerns In the oil industry plus a normal rate of profit are less than the costs of the Standard's ' plus its extortionate profits. This fact, which Is clearly demonstrated In this report, shows that if the country were supplied with pe troleum products wholly by smaller competing concerns pfices would be lower tium these the Standard charges on the average. It means that tne Standard has pocketed the profits aris ing from Its economics and large addi tional monopoly profits besides. Considering all the branches of the oil industry together, the difference In cost between Standard and Indepenient concerns Is not great. The difference in respect to pipe-line transportation may be put at about three-fourths cent per gallon; In respect to refining, at from one-fourth to one-half cent, while In respect to marketing there Is substantially no difference. At the out side, the superior efficiency of the Standard In the three branches of the business combined wodld not represent a dlffernce In cost of more than one and one-half cents per gallon, on the average, for all pctroloum products. The excess of the profits of the Standard on Its domestic business above a normal competitive profit Is greater even than one and one-half cents per gallon. The profits of the Standard on the refining and marketing business .alone at five of Its plants (Lima, Ohio;, 'Whiting, Ind.; Sugar Creek, Mo.; Neo- desha, Kan., and Florence, Col.), have been shown above to average about 2.3 cents per gallon. If to this be added a profit on pipe-line transportation, the total would become at least three cents per gallon. The profit of the Standard on Its Investment for the business of these five refining plants was found to be about 42 per cent, and It Is haghly probable that the Standard's profit on pipe-line business Is fully as great In percentage. Forty-two per cent, is at lenst four times the average profit In a competitive manufacturing business. If, therefore, the total profit of the Standard on the products of these five plants was equal to three cents per gal lon, an average profit would not be over three-quarters cent per gallon. The ex cess of the Standard's profit over an average competitive profit Is thus at least two and one-quarter cents "per gallon or much morethan the possible difference of one and one-half cents be tween Standard and Independent costs. This means simply that even if the products of independent concerns cost them one and one-half cents per gallon more than the Standard's products cost, they could yet make a good profit at prices considerably less than the Stand ard extorts; in other words, the Stand ard gives the consumer none of the ad vantage due to its superior efficiency. Again, the statistics of the Waters Pierce Oil company above mentioned show that during 1909 its average prof it on the marketing of illuminating oil in the United States was 2.6 cents per gallon, and that It made 40.6 per ceni. on its Investment In the United States, Had the Waters Tierce been content with' 10 per cent, on Its capital. It would have made only 0.7 cent per gal lon on the average. This excess of 1.9 cents per gallon above the amount neo cssary to give an average competitive profit, occurring In the marketing branch of the business alone, was greater than the difference between Standard and independent concerns in reBpect to the cost of all three stagns of the business pipe-line transporta tion, refining and marketing whioh can not exceed one and one-half cents per gallon. The proof is therefore clear that the enormous profits of the Standard Oil company are due not merely to superior efficiency, but also to monopoly power. Independent concerns could, if they had the opportunity, afford to BiU oil at prices less than the Standard charges on the average In the country as a whole. The Standard Oil company gives the public none of the benefit of its superior efficiency, but, on the contrary, charges prices higher than those which would exist In the absence of such a combination. This comparison of Standard and in dependent costs also confirms the Von cluslon previously reached, That' the Standard can claim no credit for such reduction in prices -is has taken place since the early history of the indus try. If Independent concerns can to day sell oil profitably for les-j than the Standard charges, it fo'lows that Inde pendent concerns, in the absence of any great combination, could nave reduced prices more than they actually have been reduced. This conclusion Is the stronger when it is borne in mind that, had the Standard never seoured any such domination in the industry, there would almost certainly have arisen a number of indtpendent competing con cerns in the oil industry, each consider ably more efficient than even the most efficient of the present independent con cerns. It would be absurd to argue that the independents to-day are more inefficient by reason 4 the Improvements which the Standard has Initiated, just as, on the other hand, the Standard has borrowed some which independents have Initiated. But, in view of il the restrains which the Standarl by Its un fair competitive methods has placed up on the development of the business of the independent conoerns, there can not be the slightest question that under a regime of free competition the inde pendent concerns would have become more efficient and economical than they are to-day. , It has been shown that the chief ad vantage which the Standard has over independent concerns In respect to costs is in the pipe-line business. Transpor tation of petroleum by pipe line Is a quasi-public service, corresponding to transportation by railroad. It Is the duty of transporting concerns to charfea reasonable rates. It Is the duty of the Standard pipe lines, under the laws of several states and under the federal law, to act as common carriers, trans porting oil for others at reasonablo rates. If the Standard did this, its ad vantage over Its present competitors would be enormously reduced. As has been shown in Part 1. of this report, tho Standard pipe lines have very gen erally failed and .refused to transport oil for others, and In the rare cases where they do so have, charged altos-ether extortionate rates. One of the 'principal advantages, therefore, which the Standard possesses over competitors in respect to costs Is an improper and even an illegal advantage. TSvcn by the aid of this advantage In respect to pipe lines, however, the Standard, as has already been demon strated, does not, as a matter of fact, sell oil for less than Us competitors can afford to . charge. It extorts a profit over and above all the profits due to Its economies. The question arises how the Standard is able to maintain its substantial monopoly while still charging such prices. What, It may be asked, Is to prevent inde pendent concerns from either taking away part of the Standard's trade or fcrclng It to reduce prices? The an swer to this question Is found In the unfair practices of the Standard. The most Important of these, the corner stone on which the Standard's nrwer was first built up, was railroad discrimination. The Standard was able to maintain In position this primary support of Its domination down nearly M thn nresent time that IS, until its system of preferential freight rates, secret or open, was exposed by the ra pe rt of this Bureau on the Transporta tion of Petrollum In May, 1906. The difference between the rates charged to tho Standard by the railroads and tho rstes charged to Independent concerns foi similar service has, in many cases ot,ri tnr onnrmous areas, been alone greater than a fair profit. Almost equally effective In maintain ing the Standard's position have been lt unfair methods of . competition in the selling of products. , The immense importance of the practice of price discrimination In restraining the busi ness of competitors and augmenting the aggregate profits of the Standard will he set forth later.. The. Bureau, has also secured a great mass of evi dence regarding other unfair practices ot the Standard, most of which, how ever, are simply auxiliary means of r6nt3?rlng price discriminations effect ive. Thus, the Standard maintains bo gus" independent companies and there by is able to cut prices to the partlcu ll'. customers of competitors without Incurring the further loss of cutting prices to the entire trado In the local ity. Again, the Standard maintains an elaborate system of espionage on the business of independent concerns, in partlculer securing almost complete re ports of their receipts and shipments o. oil by bribing railroad employees, This practice enables the Standard to direct Its policy of local price cutting In the most effective manner. Other less important methods of unfair com petition pursued by the Standard are the giving of short measure and decep tion' regarding the quality of the oil sold. Without railroad discriminations and unfair methods of eomnetion the Stan dard could never have maintained Its great proportion of the oil business In the United States while at the same time extorting such Immense profits frcm the American consumer. The claim of the Standard that its control of the business Is due to Its ability to maintain low prices because of supe rior efficiency Is a complete misrepre sentation of the facts. ENORMOUS FINE. Standard Oil Company of Indiana Must Pay $20,240,000. Judge Landis in the United States district court In Chicago, Saturday, Im posed a fine upon the Standard. Oil, company of Indiana of $29,240,000, the maximum amount upon each one of the 1,482 count of the Indictment on which that company was recently convicted of rebatinar. The Judge also recommended a call be Issued for a special grand Jury which Is to consider the other parties to the rebating operations of which the Standard Oil company was found guil 'ty, and it is therefore probable that within a short time proceedings will be begun against the Chicago and Alton Railroad company for the alleged com mission of similar offenses. The reading of the opinion by Judge Landis aroused almost as much inter est as the presence of- John D. Rocke feller and other officials of the Stand ard Oil company upon the witness stand. The court room was crowded to Its capacity, and the United States depnjy marshals were finally compell ed to refuse admission to all late com ers. The government was represented In the court room by United States District Attorney Sims and by special District Attorney Wilkerson. The on ly attorneys for the Standard Oil company present were Attornelys Eddy and Martin, neither of whom bore a proinlnent part in ithe actual trial of the" ease. Attorney Miller, the leading counsel for the Standard Oil company, was in Europe and his chief assistant, Sloritz Rosenthal, was In ,XeW York. Only a few of the lesser officials of the Standard Oil company were In the court room. The company will appeal. GFEAT AIM HOBO A TRAMP FROM CHOICE Does Not Appear to be a Product of Hard Times. In the North American Review Or lando F. Lewis considers the great American tramp from the railway man's viewpoint. The Amerloan tramp does not appear to be, from the observations of rail road men, a creation of "hard times." He is a tramp from cho'Ice as often as from necessity. Vagrancy Is In his blood, and as this Is a country of mag nificent distances he soon comes to de pend upon the railroads to carry him from state to state, Soon he learns to despise work, and as he grows older and lazier he con ceives a fondneis for almshouses and In disagreeable weather does not se riously object to houses of correction. The supervisor of a Wayfarer's lodge In Philadelphia estimates that many Vagrants spend aproxlmately one-third of their time in almshouses, one-third In cheap lodging houses, "living nearly all the time, wherever they are, more or less on charity or at the expense of the community." It readily can be appreciated that In time the vagrancy problem is one which Will have to be faced, and Mr. Lekls believes that there should be, in fact will have to be, greater co-operation between the railroads and town officials In prosecuting and convicting vagrants, The tramp who can work and will not worg must be made to work, If society is to be protected and' the wanderers saved from the consequenc es of their worthless lives consequenc es of which "the three 'd's,' dirt, dis ease and demoralization, forecast a fourth 'd, death." Much difficulty In handling the -vagrant at present Is encountered owing to the lack of harmony between town authorities and railroad policemen. In the middle West the tramps are warn ed to keep moving from town to town, each town In turn refuslns to house and feed them at the expense of the community. - A more serious side of the problem is presented 'in the statistics relative to the number of tramps killed and Injur ed each year, one table compiled by a railroad man of experience placing tne number of trespasers killed from 1901 to 1905 at 23,964, and the number injured at 25,236. James J..H111, writing on this subject declares that while It would be diffi cult to gather reliable statistics on this point, It Is a known fast that "a large percentage of the tramps report ed as killed on the railroads are real ly murdered. Mon returning from the harvest fields with their wages are killed for their money by the more vicious and criminal felows, the body 'Is flung from the train while In motion and th e reported death by ranroaa casualty Is actually a case or nomi clde." . Mr. Lewis declares that In certain parts of New England, where the va grants are put at hard labor when ar rested and in other ways aiscourageu, there has ben an agreeable lessening of the number of tramps and he be lieves that the chief effort at present should be to decrease vagrancy by bet ter laws, stricter enforcement or tne laws we have and deterrent examples of Indeterminate sentences. j.ihb procedure is not uncharitable,' ne con cludes, "but rather, in a real sense, humane." Chicago Inter Ocean. FACTS ABOUT BUTTERMILK. . J A. H. At One Time a ! rruuuci, Value I Now Understood. Long before Fairbanks learned to iik a w the DuttermiiK cockiuh was Invented. As a blood cooler in hot weather it has no equal. As a tonic It Is superior to everytning alco holic. As an alterative It Is without a rival A glass. A cube of dill pickle. A lump of Ice. Buttermilk to the brim. Quaff and rejoice. Such a drink would not hurt the chances oi any piuaveu- tlve candidate for president. There are sweet buttermiiK ana sour buttermilk. Let the former severely alone. Give It a few days in tne ice box and it will ferment. Then drink It. In the old days in the country no housewfle ever thought of churning until the milk was sour, and the resi due after the butter waB skimmed off was nectar for the gods. Buttermilk from the modern creamery is a rraua. Only a few milk dealers serve good buttermilk. Never touch It unless it is perfectly white. Yellow buttermilk Is dansorous. Did you know that buttermilk was a waste product in the north up to about 1870? Fact. I have a Vivid recol lection of a fine specimen of Yank touring the south at that time. At din ner in a roadside Inn he said to the waitress, "What have you to drink?" "We have some delicious buttermilk," she replied, and' fetched a glassful. "Oh, take that stuff away," he cried; "we only feed it to the hogs in my part of tho country.'' At last the therapeutic value of buttermilk 18 beginning to be understood. If our hospitals would use mere buttermilk and less sweet milk their patients would be less permanent, tA buttermilk diet will Invariably cure the gout. It contains more casein than whole milk, cream,' skim milk, or but ter. The fact, that casein does not form uric acid adapts it for the use of the gouty. As gout and rheumatism are first cousins, buttermilk Is good med icine for the rheumatic. There are men who feel obliged to take an oc casional drink of whiskey. Some of the cleverer ones take a small glassful of buttermilk as a chaser, which shows much wisdom. The most eminent scientist In Eu rope spent many years trying to un derstand the merits of buttermilk. He haj discovered a few of them. A great majority of men prefer sweet milk. August 1, 1907. announce the arrival of a third direct importation of Pol-Roger vintage of 1900 (England). Vintage "Wines are bought sound, repacked, in original cases at time of "shiprnent after which no allowances for ullage, leakage or breakage. Case 12 quarts, $34.50 -Case 24 pints, . 36.50 381 State Street. THEO. KEILER FUNERAL DIRECTOR AND EMBALM Ell. 40S State Street. BRANCH OFFICE t 456 Campbell Avenue. West Haven. . AmmuiiGEFJinm I desire to announce to my friends and the public generally, that pending a readjustment of my affairs, calls Intended for me may be sent to Messrs. Lewis & Maycock.No.im Chapel Street. All work will receive prompt and careful attention. Telephone 675 RQBT. N. BURWZU, Undertaker! Deaths. HESSE In this city, August 2, 1907, in tne satn year or nis age, jiirnest n Hesse. Prayers at his late residence, 92 Law rence street, this afternoon, at 2 o'clock. There will be publio services at the First English Lutheran church, Foster and Lawrence streets, at 2:80 o'clock, Monday afternoon, August 5. Relatives and friends are invited to attend. , A5 It EASSETT Irt Derby, August 8, 1907, Miss Lillian M. Bassott, daughter of Mrs. Mary 8. Bassett and the lato Dlckerman M. BaBsett. Funeral at her late home In Derby, 294 Elizabeth street, Tuesday, August 6, at 2:80 D. m. AB It HESSE In this city, August 2, Ernest F. Hesse, In the 40th year of his age. Notice of funeral horoafter. A3 Souvenir1 and Post Cards t J. A. Melee's 930 Chapel Street.' 1 In the good old summer time they should never take a drop of it in a public house without the addition ot a little lime water. There are 6,000,000 microbes In every cubic inch of sweet milk left at your door In the morning by the delivery man. A few. of these fellows may be bad; most of them are not only harmless, but necessary to help you digest the milk. Be not fear ful of microbes. It has been stated and stated again that milk Is the only perfect food. It Is suppposed to be meat, bread and drink. It Is also stated- that the mo ment a glassful of sweet milk reaches your stomach It Is curdled, which means, of course, that digestion has begun. Why allow this curdling pro cess to occur in tne stomaciu sour buttermilk Is curdled before it enters the alimentary canal, which relieves the stomach of one duty. The bacteria are enabled to set to work Immedi ately to relievo you vitals of sundry distempers. New York Press. Friend "You have ft nice little home here in the suburbs, but I should think your husband would dislike catching trains." Mrs. Suburbs "He does. He dislikes It so much that he frequently neglects to oaten the last train home at night." Philadelphia Telegraph. Keeps tlie Face Fair 5 Glenn's Sulphur, Soap cleanses the s&n andidSSrs the face of pimples, blackheads, blotches, redness and" roughness. Its use makes the skin healthful and the complexion clear and fresh. Sold by druggists. Always ask for Glenn's SisipImrSosp HUl"s llntr aid Whl.krr Bja Black or Brown, SOe. ' 111 . f ' III 5Tittt la laments. POLI'S NEW THEATRE ONE' ENTIRE WEEK OF AUG. 6 Matinees, 2:15 Evenings, 8:15. Special Engagement POLI STOCK CO. OF BRIDGEPORT. With Alice Fleming Cameron Clemmeni In "THE LADY OF LYOXS." Illustrated Songs and Electrograph between the acts. Souvenir matinee. On Friday afternoon a special souvenir matinee will be given. Poll popular prices prevail. WHITE CITY - fiARCY & SPECK. MGRS. Sensational Free Acts Robbie De Cnatro, Noted Wire Walker. H. U Walte, the Cycling Cylinder Wonder. ' JOHJTNY MACK & CO. ' In Balloon Ascensions. Thursday evening free distribution of $200 in silverware and gold watches. Friday evening, "Pillar of Fire," en unimaginably beautiful display of pyro technics. The Kriss-Kross, a Joyous whirl of excitement; the Lemon, a dissipation In in mirth; Prince Olsen, the smallest man in the world of his age. WATCH DAILY PAPERS. The one best beach for bathing is at ,. THE" ; ' v MOMAUGUIN COSEY BEACH Geo. T. White, Pro d. MEET ME FACE TO FACE lomething New I have taken the agency for the Gardner & Vail Laundry of New York city. Possibly you are not aware of it. but this concern has no equal in its specialty the laundering of collars and cuffs. ' The prices are 2&c each, the same as charged locally, but you get superior workmanship and longer life to your collars. Bring 'em in on Tuesday and we'll have 'em back Friday. Now, don't bring In any shirts ... Just collars and cuffs, that's ' all. JIM DIS HE SELLS HATS Church & Center Streets. KODAKS and Kodak Supplies. OUR STOCK, ENTIRELY NEW, com prises the latest improvements in this line. To make this popular pastime more successful, we are using, in developing, the very latest methods to simplify the work. The public are Invited to examine this new method; also our Kodaks and sup plies. Developing and 'printing at- short notice. : City Hall Pharmacy Co. NEXT TO (TTY HALL. Tel. 813-4. ! For a large Reed Porch Rocker, high back, fiat 'arm, well braced, large posts, an easy chair, strong and' durable. Price from $3.75. to $4.75, according to where you buy it. This rocker is made by a number of different fac tories. All are good, but some are much better than others. We have the New Ha- ven agency for the" fac tory making the best of these rockers, and will sell our remaining stock a few dozen at $2.49 each. Best Porch Rocker val ue ever offered. BROWN & DURHAM, Complete Houaa FurBlsbern. Orange and Center Sts. Close Friday at 125 BROW