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NEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, TUESDAY AUGUST 6, 1907.
THE CARIUGTO?f PUBLISHING CO. OFFICE, 400 STATE STREET. NEW IIAVEJJ, CONJT. THE OLDEST DAILY PAPER PUB LISHED IX CONNECTICUT. Founded 1700. DELIVERED BY CARRIERS IN THE CITY, 12 CENTS A WEEK, BO CENTS A MONTH, $3 FOR SIX MONTHS, $6 A. YEAR. THE SAME TERMS BY MAIL. SINGLE COPIES, 2 CENTS. TELEPHONES I EDITORIAL ROOM, 664. ' BUSINESS OFFICE. 3981. THE WEEKLY JOURNAL, Issued Thnrtdny, One Dollnr a Year. THE STAXfiAED OIL FIXE. It is recorded that when Judge Lan dls of the United States District court announced that he would fine the Stan dard OH company the neat sum of $29, 240,000, the extreme limit of the penal ty fixed for the acceptance of illegal re bates, the lawyers for the defense lost their breath. From the breathless manner in which the public has learn ed of this punishment It .is easy to be lieve that shortening' of respiration is a natural consequence of inflictions of this character. No one appears yet to have recovered from the sensational finding except the judge with the mountainous name, Judge Kenesaw. Mountain Landls.. He stands steady and erect, giving no sign of having labored and brought forth a lion. From one point of view very little sympathy will either be meted out to ; or expected by this colossal corpora tion. For some time the hands of all have been against it. Books have been written in which its commercial prac tices have been held up to popular corn. Other books have been written lh wMoflrthe service it has rendered in lowering the price Of oil has been re corded. But back of everything that has been written or spoken there has . worked to its disadvantage the grow ing and not altogether reasonable pre judice against the Immense fortunes which have been accumulated in this country by what are known as the cap tains of industry. For a whil? they , Were regarded as the representatives of . that Indomitable commercial will and -kiH which waa forcing this nation to the front rank among the producing rations of the earth. It is not such a very long time ago that they, were - referred to in the speech of national pride.. Now, owing to the bitterness which has been engendered as a conse quence of wholesale denunciation of wealth, men and corporations have been made to suffer, not so much be cause of the possession of a fortune, as because of the size of the fortune they possess. It has been a ourlous growth In prejudice and while .we hate as much as another the unfair and dishon est accumulation of wealth, and in particular the conscienceless use of it to control houses of legislation, it is evident that the time has come, as a direct result of this spectacular court decision, when sober and thinking men ir.ust measure corporate action with clearer understanding of all of the In fluences which have worked to make it powerful. Wo are forced to admit that the commercial tactics which have steadi ly worked ito make the Standard Oil company powerful are no longer possi ble of legal recognition, but It is alto gether a different thing to admit that the men who resorted to those tactics were knowingly, maliciously and wittingly wicked .in their intentions, which is the 'significance Judge Landls attaches to their conduct. It is true that companies were com bined, -that the strength of the new combinations was used to obtain unus ual rates and that special shipping fa vors wererecelved. The beneficiaries un questionably exaggerated their new found power in many ways which are now recognized as morally indefensible and legally not to be tolerated, and ' yet the fact ought not to be' overlook ed that it is conceivable that these men no more realized their unsteadi ness of commercial vision than did the gieat insurance leaders, who, ' finding Immense power, thought themselves possessed of the rightful physical pow er of the giant. Judge Landls contem plates them as men who "wound soci ety more deeply than he who counter- , felts coin or steals letters from the n.ail." Can it possibly be true that men who have shown the genius to build up 6uch an enormous institution in the benefits of which the consumer has benefited are no better morally than counterfeiters and common thieves? This question, asked in all soberness, muat be soberly answered before the judgment of Judge Landls can toe accepted as sound because he has formed it. Men who have millions to lose personally and millions more to take from tneir employes, do not as a rule "stand upon their constitution al rights" as these men did at the close of the hearing in the United States District court. Before judging them as they have been judged there are higher courts to be heard from, courts as able and trustworthy as American institutions can make them. We are not engaged In the self-imposed task of either defending or con demning the Standard Oil Company in this connection. We know too little of the facts Involed to speak confidently upon either side of the question, and we decline explicitly to take a hand in the game of wholesale denunciation of rich men because they are rich, and because those who are ndt rich enjoy it. It is known that great fortunes have been maJe In a manner no long er tolerated by the law. It is known that possessors of wealth have been condemned for no better reason than that they were known to be wealthy. It is known that unreasonable preju dice has played havoc with the publio judgment of human motives for politi cal purposes. If the pendulum of hu man emotions has swung too far in one direction it la the duty of Intel ligent men to see that it does not swing too far in the opposite direction, and this they can best do by patiently awaiting the voice of ' a higher court before accepting Judge Landls as the Moses to lead us out of our troubles. Costly mistakes have been made, but il is yet to be proved, that they were the mistakes of the criminal instinct. A Pennsylvania. 'man has invented a lunch basket that can be eaten as well as its contents. The ants that attend picnics will appreciate this. TALE XOT BKUIXV. The University of Liverpool has be gun to teach Russian. There are now nine pupils In the class. After their graduation they are to go to Russia, perfect themselves In the language and study trade openings. The Moscow and St. Petersburg universities have prom ised to do everything possible for them-. ' . - It is interesting to notice that Yale University is not behind in the educa tional procession. She too, is teaching Kusslan, though perhaps not quite as "commercially" as the University of Liverpool. The instruction here Is giv en by Wax S. Mandell, who is deeply and thoroughly versed in the 'Russian language and literature, and whose life In Russia has given him an accurate knowledge and understanding of the situation there. The Russian course at Yale is growing in popularity. : Last year there were twenty-two who took it, and more are expected the coming year. i A GOOD AV JtllSER. Rameses II., a. King in Egypt, has been dead aboat thirty-three hundred years, and it is just being discovered that he knew the value of publicity, and that by the aid of publicity he was able to get himself called "great." It is now claimed that recent explora tions, have proved- that many temples snd monuments bearing his name, and heretofore supposed to be his work, ex isted a thousand years before him. The explanation is that the monarch was vain-glorlous to an astonishing degree, and that he caused his name to be cut everywhere, to gratify his own cdosfjal vanity. That is the opinion ot Frofesson Navllle, one of the official explorers of antiquities in Egypt, who says that Barneses must have conceiv ed the notion of causing his name to be Inscribed on every temple, statue and monument that he Imagined would stand the test of time. The plan sue ceeded only too well, and explorers took the monarch at his own estimate of himself. . 11 Of course if .'Rameses II. was a fraud the fraudulent quality of him cannot be rightly defended. But It can be pointed out that he knew the value, of advertising, as many good and great men have also known it. PEOIEflSIOXAL I TltlCS. A bucket shop as we understand it is a gaming device by which the inves tor wagers on the rise and fall in stocks without buying or selling them. Its character may be better under stood by the action of the General As sembly of Connecticut which has made it illegal after one year. In other words the bucket shop method of playing the market lacks reputability. It appears that bucket shop dealers, with headquarters in the State of New Jersey, undertook to have the General Assembly take a more or less friendly view of their business by means of counsel retained by a contingent fee. The story has been told in detail in the newspapers and the counsel, Har rison B. Freeman, Jr., of Hartford ad mits its accuracy-. - - - We do not understand that illegiti mate influences were to be used to ad vance Connecticut legislation by Mr. Freeman. What confuses us is wheth er the ethics of the legal .profession are friendly or unfriendly to legisla tion which concerns itself with enterprises-declared to be disreputable in character. Old-fashioned lawyers would have scorned the retainer. It would look as if the modern lawyer does his daily work for the bread it yielda on a more liberal scale, ' SEXAlOJt LVTHES'S TIE VS. When Flavel S. Luther was drafted to represent one of the senatorial dis tricts within the limits of the town ot Hartford there was a natural Interest taken In the adaptability of a college president and professor to public life. There was never any question of his intellectual ability or of his patriotism. The question that provoked Interest was, how will be fit into the nolirleal task set him? What will be the effect of the abandonment of the brown stuly for the lime lififlit? Senator Luther has supplemented Ills Springfield statement to the effoet that he has demonstrated to liij own satls laction his misplacement as a polkical figure with a more comprehensive statement made to the- Hartford Times through one of its reoorteis. He was pleased with the good folbwshlp he found in the State sen.v.e'. Difference's of opinion among members lost their significance the moment a session . in which they were brought out was ad journed. As a thoroughly human per ton this pleased him. We can under stand that better than we can under stand his confidence in th-; commission scheme of legislating f.ir th.j interests of the State. He savs he believes in the substitution of that schem.! for the conventional legislative scheme. 'Dur ing the past session," he says, "much that received the attentioT of the sen ate eight better have pon entrusted to a commission of expert." When ask ed it he meant to quoatbn the com I etency of the senate he replied: "I mean that no single question arose but that men voted upon it who were not qualified either by educatbi or by ex perience to do so. I, mveVf, on more than one-half the measm-U that came before us, voted on quPs',on.'! nn which I was not competent to render a cleci ion. For a college professo- to vote on a measure of judicial practice, or for a lawyer to help decide an educational measure is apt to be equally Incon gruous." This is perhaps the most startling in terview a public man in the State of Connecticut has given In many a year, end it becomes additionally startling when he adds that his confidence in the ultimate dawn of a government by commission is increased by what he knows of the opinion of his farmer col leagues. Ha looks to see the ma chines oppose the change but hopes that the newspapers will be able to bring it about. It will be seen at a glance that what Professor Luther as serts, is the failure of democratic kov-e-rnment as it has been handed down to us by the founders. Society has become so complicated as compared with the simple organization of it when the constitution ) was framed t- that the representative unit is no longer to be depended upon; that we must substitute for men who are oth erwise capable of listening to evidence and reaching a conclusion men who are 5 pert in tlnir knowledge of the mat tiirs under consideration. Professor Luthjr doec not elaborate his Idea tout wo pre ume that the people will con tinue to elect a governor and a Gen eral Assembly and these two political forces will relinquish their power as fest as it is established that expert Investigation is needed. We are frank to confess that we have seen no such evidence of willing net's on the part of the General As sembly to- accept the counsel of spe cial expert commissions as to Justify a confidence similar to that felt by Frofessor Luther. It has created com missions by the wholesale, but except in rare instances it has declined to accept their advice. This year the Gen eral A?r-?mbly has adopted a new poli cy of c; eating commissions but naming tlij cor-smissiofters themselves, which is ar. assumption of expert knowledge on ite part which confuses the Luther policy. But wouldn't it be better after ah for -Senator Luther to take one more bite of the political cherry before losing faith in government as we have it? A longer experience might open a still more practical solution to him. IA Mississippi paper says it will pub lish obituary notices free, with pleas ure. SOME SAVAGE EUX. Some savage people have almost as good an idea of fun as some civilized r.eopie. Explorers who were sent out by the French government to fix the boundary lines between the French Congo and the German colony of Cam eron discovered a queer tribe the chief object of whose existence seems to be get gloriously drunk. From millet they brew great quantities of a pecu htirly poteru beer. !Not being subject t any tax, it is so cheap that the poorest native can afford to get drunk on it It U fully equal to whiskey in promoting that condition which Is known as "spoiling for a fight." In the report made to the government Lieu tenant George relates trow, with an es cort of tirailleurs, he arrived at one of the native villages during a particu V rly happy period of general Inebriety. He had much trouble in securing huts for himself and his men. Later in the day the chief called on him and pro- ' posed, by way of appropriately winding i up the festivities and amusing his Eiiosts, that his men should fight the French soldiers. The lieutenant ex plained to lilra that Frenchmen did not regard fight.hig as fun. The chief, how ever, was bound to have a fight, and premptly made arrangements for one among his -own people. The liveliest kind of a "shindy" followed. In less than a quarter of an hour a score of the dusky combatants were killed, the chief being among the first to fall. This Is evea better and surer fun than reckless automobiiing a"s now conducted. If the reckless automobil ilsts of thl country would take to rrnning into and running over each other perhaps they would enjoy it as much as these savages . enjoy their fun. Some of the churches have decided to have congregational singing during this month. A double quartette, or so? QUICK WO UK. , Things continue to happen "out West." Last Friday at Elkhardt, In diana, Edward Turner, an undertaker, by his gentleness and sympathy made such a good impression on Mrs. M. Joles at the burial of her husband that his proposal of marriage was accepted, and the two were united the next day. After the funeral the widow was tak en home by the undertaker, and it was on the way that the proposal of mar riage was made and accepted. A little unusual, perhaps, but not so very strange. Mr. Joles was as dead as he ever will be, Mrs. Joles was much in need of consolation, Mr. Turner was a prompt and agreeable consoler, and so they were married, and may live happily ever after. Mrs. Joles that was can truly say ,if she is criticised for not waiting longer that her action is quite as high-toned as the action of those who get a divorce in the forenoon and are rnarrled in the afternoon, or sooner. She can also say that however long she might have waited she is sura she could never have found one who would be so dear to her as Mr. Tur ner Is. GIVE THE CLAN A CIIAXCE. The doer have been protected, and they are getting so saucy ahat if they don't change their ways men, women and children will soon have to be pro tected agalns't thern. But what of the harmless, necessary clam?, Where is the protection due him?, He is being torn from his oozy bed so persistently and relentlessly that there will soon bo none of him left to tear. Where then will be the festivity he has done so much to promote? Already he Is be coming scarce,' and clam chowder and the other things In which he has figur ed are becoming poor and weak. Why is it not possible for a humane and paternal government to give the clam a fair chance? If he were let alone for two or three years he would doubt less come back. If ho can't be let alone something else will have to ba done. Perhaps he can be cultivated, just as the ouster has been and Aa: Anyhow, let him not be exterminated, Just because he is meek, lowly and nos-reslstant. "Vast" coal fields have been discov ered in Alaska. Vast vacancies in coal tins are being discovered around here. Tlie Stranger ot the Gate. Jim nevr liked It on the farm; ho used to lay around and shirk, Or gallivant away to town while we stayed home and done the work Fa Jawed n lot. but ma, somehow waa always speakln' up fer Jim; She dearly loved us nil, o' course but still her favorite was him. His hands were Small and soft and white, his feet were 'ittle, like a sli-i's: He had no freckles on his f.ice, his hair kinked up in graceful curls; , Ma used to say I hear her y!t at Jf,'1".t " selrrs o though I" can 'The fam'ly must be poor Imlepd that can't afford ono gentleinan." Well, Jim, as likely you have guessed 1 packed up his duds and.- went away: ; The o'd farm wa'n't no place fer him- ma's eyes were wet with tears that day, But though she wept she said slid knew 'twas sensible fer Jim to leave, The city was the plane fer men that wished to. rtee and to achieve. The farm had never been much stood; wit? stones were tnicK, the soil wa pooi-; We done our best, but year by year kept sllppln' backward slow and sure; Pa lost his health, his courage failed: ma's hair got gray, her eyes grew But though her heart was often snd ane never lost ner laitn in Jim. At last the sheriff come; 'twas what we knew would happen soon or Into. The neighbors crowded In end then we ....... a. nuaiisci ok ikc fttne. The sheriff raised, his hammer twice. ine siranger loosed nun in tno T9a And bid a hundred dollars more and was me owner or tne piaee. 'Twas many years since Jim hfifl loafed while we were worked with rake or hoe, 'Twas many years since ma had went the day that she had saw him The stranger waa a handsome men wnuse nanus were wnue ana sort And ma was disappointed when we iuuna ne wnsn t Jim at an. Chicago Record-Herald. S ITIXGS AXD DOIXGS- The Duke of "Argyll has a curious avenue of trees on his estate near Loch Fyne. Every one has been nlant- cd by a distinguished person, and bears hu inscription as to when and by nom it was set in the ground. The Alabama legislature has passed a bill to regulate child labor in that State, which forbids, among other thine- onv nhn .... ,,llvt uuuci- iweive yeans 01 age from being employed or 'being per mitted to work In ,4. nun, AUI- lUl J III manufacturing establishment In that State. 'A moneylenders' Victims' Defense Association Is being formed by the Hev. Herbert Wiliams, of St. John's church, In London, to save men and women who have fallen into the power of usurers, many of whom attend court sessions and offer to pay fines at exorbitant rates. Algeria has in the last four months of the present year been devastated to an almost ruinous degree by lo custs. The swarms first appeared dur ing January in the south. Some five districts in the Colomb region were then affected, the Insects snrpadlne- gradually. The whole force of the Al- cenan army was let loose against the invaders, but nothing that multitudes of men, directed -by the latest re st urces of science, could do was effica cious against the pest. Now the north is nearly as badly devastated as the scuth. In one region alone it is esti mated that 125.000 acres are covered. The departments of Oran, Constantine and Algiers are overrun. In the recently published memoirs of Comtesse de Boigne, who lived a hun dred years ago, appears the follow ing: "I had a great speculative vener tion for that youthful Louise de Conde, weeping for the crimes of her ronntrv at the foot of altars. I had formed a romantic idea of her, but it was ne cessary to avoid seeing the heroine. Common, vulgar and Ignorant, she was middle class in hsr thoughts, in her sentiments, in her actions, words and P'rson. One was tempted to pity God for being so constantly importuned by her; she called on Him for help in all the most futile circumstances of her puerile existence. I have seenjier offer up a prayer to recover- n hnll of wnnl which had fallen under her chair." In spite of the pressure of the crops in Kansas, there is still soma' flshine there. For thirty-seven years, more or less, fishermen have been telling about a tremendous catfish they "hooked"" in the bond of the Walnut, just above the dam, but failed to land it - mvS the El Dorado Republican. At least seven hundred fishermen have lied about this particular cat. At .daylight the other morning John Walton went to the creek, tied a clothes-line to a hickory epling, and nut on a hook made at the blacksmith shop especial 'y for the occasion: He baited the hook with a Jackrabblt and sat down to await results. The cat took the bait, was safely hooked, but Walton could not land him, So he got George Smith's house-moving machine and after some Iioum had the cat, which weighed 167 3-4 pounds, landed. And was it good to eat? No. It was so full of hooks that he sold it to the two-hand man for scrap iron. Oin CONTEMPORARIES. ' Telegraph Poles. (New York Tribune.) If familiarity only did breed" con-te-tipt, as the adage falsely says it does, that unlovely American institu tion, the telegraph pole, would long agi have been consigned to the wood pile, where It belongs. V For every American Is familiar from childhood with the long ranks of skeletons of treeg that make hideous the country roads, the village lanes and the crowd ed city ptreeta in every part of Ameri ca. Every Amf-r,lean is familiar with the 'ruthless and often criminal de struction of grand old elms and ma ples by electrical companies, and also with the great danger and hindrance that wires strung on polos offer to fir fighters. The ugliness, wa-stefulness, expense and general nbsitrdity of the pole svfllem have led muny large cities to banish the pests beyond their bound aries. 'But the-smaller' towns and the countryside have thus far done litt'e or nothing to protect treeB and high ways from the linemen. The Ameri can Civic Association has collected photographs showing the ruin and ob structions wrousht by poles and wires In rural and suburban districts. If only half the scenes these pictures show were from real lif o- or real death the deeds of the electrical companies would eall for short shrift.' It is no wonder that a large group of national, state and civic soe1etlPt .have banded to gether in an effort to secure the pass age of a bill ac Albany compelling all New York State companies now using overhead -wires to bury the latter in conduits. TtMVORAnr. Lady What are your chickens worth to-day? ' New Boy Couldn't say, mum. I must only tell what we're selling' em for. London Sketch. . Mrs. Outertown I think you worked for me once before. Can you recall? The New Cook Shnre, It ain't un lfkoly. It's slch a bother layln' out new routes I concluded to use wan av me owld wans this thrlp. Puck. "But," said Henpeck's friend, "if your wife treats you so shamefully, why don't you get a divorce from her?". "I did mention it," replied Henpeck, "li'.it she said 'No,' and, of course, that settled it." Philadelphia Press. "The simple life for me," said the first woman. "But where are your social ambi tions?" asked her friend. "Oh, that's all over. When I was asked to join an appendicitis excursion to a fashionable sanatorium I Just had to draw the line." Philadelphia Ledger. "If you marry me you shall have ev erything you desire." , "Everything?" ' "Everything." "All right, I'll marry you; but re member the firs! thing you must give me Is what my heart is set on." "And what is that, my darling?" "A divorce and alimony." Houston (Texas) Post. Once a Scotsman was visiting New York, and, omlng across a statue of Washington, stood gaping at it Just then a Yankee came, up and said to Sandy: "There's a good man. A He never passed his lips." "No," said the Scotsman, "I suppose hi talked through his nose, like the rest of you." London Spare Mo ments. . Catching Fish........ SOME people who go fishing never catch anything except an occasional cold and the last car home while other people come home with all the fish they can carry. Sometimes its luck, but usually Its skill and tackle that doesjt. We sell fishing tackle that catches fish. Fishermen have found this out and we are enjoying a great reputation among the fraternity and that's no fish story. We want to sell you tackle, too. Ask tor a tide table. The Todd corsets com bine dainty materials with the most , careful construction. The high j..bust', small waist, and , flat abdomen' effects aro the latest figure require ments. ' Elastlo stockings, etc., to measure. Henry H. Todd ; . SS3-284 YORK ST. CLOSED DURING AUGUST. Booklovers Talce Notice A Clearance Sale ' " : '.'' '- ." ' ,,-'"' Of 1 1 Fine Editions of Standard Authors at Greatly reduced prices List on Application EDWIN C. HI Lt COMPANY Fnliltaliera and Ini porters 437 Flfju Avenue, New York. Summed Sale We still have a pood HRsnrtmnt nt the following. . . 30c and 35c English Collars, .12 30c and 60c Half Hose, , , .17 7Se and II Half Hose. 50e Pure Linen Handkerchiefs, ,25 n and ?2 Underwear, - half price $l.no, J2 and 12,50 Scarfs, .50 $1 and $1.50 Scarfs. ' - ' . ' ss $3.60 English Scarfs, 1.00 Odd lots of Waistcoats, small sizes, 1.00 $12 and $15 Panamas. half nrire $20 aiid $30 Rain Coats, ' half price $5 and $10 Summer Bath Robes, : 1 half nrloa $1-to $3.50 Scarf Pins, half price Striped English Tennis Coats, " . -'.'',: ... half price' Ladies' .Umbrellas. . half nrtna Good assortment of Canes, half nrice English Belts, half price Chase & Co. ; ' : J SHi MAKERS, 1018 and 1020 Chapel St. Store Clone Dnllj at' 5 p; m. Sntnrdny t 1 p. m.t . ' :'; : A, I t kM'. Porch Rockers and Chairs ;t:&:s;te:$l50.::'.V;'' This sale represents "an end of the season clean-up" of our remaining stock of Summer furniture. Heretofore prices have been from $i.oo to $3.25. If you wish to furnish your porch and lawn in a comfortable and artistic manner at these insignificant prices we advise an early visit to our store as stock is limited. Our offerings are always of trustworthy quality. The Bowditch - 100-102-104-106 I, I'll M 1 ' t A 1 J 7 Pocket Magnifiers Always handy and Instructive when specimens are found and an examination desired. Mounted in rubber, nickel and fancy case. PRICE 25c ujf , EVERYTHWG OPttcAt ri'Hdro&yfrLewisc , Ooticians 861 CAapei St HewHaQeA 65 Main, St Hartford. 1 30 Main St. Springfitli. Mask It is Framing Time. NOW IS ALWAYS the best time to attend to your unframed pic tures, but at this season we can give more time to the study of your require ments. . We always as sure entire satisfaction.' A suggestion Leave your order now and we'll have the pictures framed ready to hand on your return from your Sum mer outing. F. W. TIERNAN & CO. 827 Chapel Slrtil ViNltora Alvrny Welcome. MERCANTILE . 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