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HEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, TUESDAY, AUGUST 13, 1907. I ME$ MUSICAL TASTE INHERITED The Influence of the Greeks Always Dominant. , AN IMITATIVE PEOPLE Romulus and Remus Among the Earlier Musicians. Article XI. Although the Romans owed much to the Greeks In their fine arts, it does not follow that the Romans had not originally a music of their own though coarse and rude. They bor rowed from the Etruscans such mus ic as was suitable for the wants of their armies and the service of their iemples. Dionyslus Halicarnassensls .tells us that the religious cermeonies of the Pelasglans who were inhabitants- of . Faleri and Fescennia, two ancient cit ies of Etruria, were of the same kind as those of the people of Argos. "Holy women," he tells, "served In the temple, and a girl unmarried, called Canephoros or Basket-bearer, began the sacrifice;' besides which, there were choruses of virgins, who hymned the goddess in songs of their country." Therefore, since the Romans were in Correspondence with fhe Etrurians ' before they became intimate with the Greeks, it is natural to conclude that they borrowed from the Etrurians their religious ceremonies and with them their music. According to the , same writer, the Arcadians were the first who brought into Italy the use. of the Greek letters ( and instrumental music, performed on the lyre and ! thsoa Instruments called the Trlgon and also the Lydlan, an instrument , for which, no doubt, the Greeks were originally indebted to their Adriatic neighbors of Lydia. Romulus and Remtis, Dionyslus in forms us on . the authority of many old authors, receiving their education at Gabii, a town near Palatium, were instructed In Greek learning which in cluded music. Plutarch tells us that the Greek spoken by the Romans in the time of Romulus was perfectly ,-' pure. Whatever knowledge of mus ical science or skill in musical per formance the Roman might originally i. have acquired from the Etrurians, all their subsequent improvement in mus ic, both vocal and Instrumental was derived from the Greeks. W hatever vera their musical powers, the soon found employment for them. In their first triumphal procession, in honor of the victory of Romulus over the Caeninenses, the whole army followed i 4iie conqueror, singing hymns to their grtds in songs of their country and celebrating teir genehral in extempor ized verses. We here see the origin of the Im provisator! or extemporary versifiers of Italy. A custom that to this day is common among the Italians wa,s, we find, practiced in the fourth year of Rome. On some solemn ocasions they add ed to their own priests and priestesses those of other countries. In the wor ship they paid to Cybele, Phrygian musicians attended, striking their cymbals and blowing their flutes throughout the procession. Rousseau says on the subject of the Scolla, or Grecian songs, that they passed from the Greeks to the Rom ans, and pertinently observes that marly of the odes of Horace are Bac chanalian and love songs. "But this nation," says he, "more military than sensual, for a long while made but a very coarse use of music and songs and in these particulars never ap proached the voluptuous grace and elegance of the Greeks. It seems as if, among the Romans, melody always remained In an unrefined state. Their Hymeneal odes were rather noise and clamor than airs and it Is hardly to be presumed that the satirical songs of the soldiers in the triumphs of their generals, consisted of a very agreeable melody." We find, however, from Servlus, Macrobius and Horace, that the orig inal nuptial songs were after a time refined and polished into epithalami ums. Rousseau, in his complaint of the occasional coarseness of the anci To take the sharp edge off an appetite that won't wait for meals To sharpen a poor appetite that doesn't care for meals eat " So nutritious, so easily di gested, that they have become the staple wheat food. In dust NATIONAL ent music, obviously alludes to the primitive Versus Fescennini, (so call ed because first used by the people of Fescennia) a species of poetry not remarkable either for its elegance or delicacy. ' Although the vocal strains of the Romans were not comparable with those of the Greeks, as imitations of such good originals, they wereoo far from being contemptible. From their constant and various use among the Romans they are rendered too import ant not to claim formal notice in a work professing to give an account of the ancient musle-not to stimulate Inquiry among the best and most au thentic of their historians. ' Acording to Dionysius, one of the branches of the religious institutions of Numa consisted of the Salii, twelve young men of the most grace ful apearance, chosen from among the patricians, whose office was to dance in procession and sing hymns of praise to the god of war, beating time upon the Ancilla or sacred shields. In this they directly Imitated the Greek curates as still more evidently appears from the following brief detail from the same writer. "In their evolu tions," says Dionyslus, "they keep time to the' music of a flute, sometimes moving together, sometimes by turns, and in dancing, -sing certain hymns af ter the manner of their country." Ser vlus Tulllus, who began his reign 137 years after Christ, having formed the people into classes and centuries, or dained that two entire centuries should ect.'Slst of trumpeters, blowers of the horn, etc., and of such as, without any other instruments, sounded the charge. And In the' laws of the twelve tables, arrong those relating to religious rites, we find the master of the funeral In the games was authorized to make use of three square mantles, to wear a purple fillet and to be attended by ten players on the flute. And, after order ing that the praises of honored men be displayed In an assembly of the people, the same law ordains that mournful songs, accompanied with a flute, shall exalt those praises. Dr. Burney gives from Llvy a kind of hi.-tory of the Roman drama which, like the Grecian, as 4he Doctor truly remarks, was inseparable from music. Llvy, speaking of the plague that raged during the consulate of C. Rul picius Petlcus and C. Llclnnlus Stolo ("64 B. C.) says, "The most remarkable occurrence during this period was that, IJi order to obtain mercy of the gods, a public .feast called Lectisternium, was celebrated for them which was the third entertainment of this kind that had been made since the building of this city.. But the magistrates, finding that the violence of the pestilence was neither abated by human prudence nor divine assistance, and having their minds filled wjth superstition, among other things which were tried In order to appease the incensed . deities, are said to have instituted the games called Scenicl, which were amusements en tlrely new to a warlike people who, be fore this time, had none but that of the clrcu. "These theatrical representations, like the beginnings of most other things, were at first Inconsiderable and borrowed from foreigners. (Actors were sent for from Etruria, who, without verses, or any action expressive of verses, danced- not ungracefully after the' Tuscan manner, to the flute. In process of time the 'Roman youth be gan to imitate these dancers, Intermix ing raillery In unpolished verses, their gestures corresponding with the sense of the words. Thus were these plays received at Rome and being Improved and refined by frequent performances, the Roman actors acquired the name of Hlstriones, from the Tuscan word Uls ter, which signifies a stage player. But their dialogue did not consist of un premeditated and coarse jests In such rude verses as were used by the Fes cennini but of satires accompanied with music, tet to the flute and recited with suitable gestures. After some years, Llvius Andronleus first ventured ti nbandon satires and write plays with a regular and connected plot. Af ter satires, which had afforded the peo ple subjects of coarse mirth and laugh ter, were by this regulation reduced to ferm, acting by degrees, became an art. The Roman youth left It to players by profession and began, as formerly, to act farces at the end of their regu lar pieces. These dramas were soon afterward called Exodia and were gererally interwoven with the Atellane comedies. These were borrowed from the Osci and always acted by the Ro man youth who would not allow them to be, disgraced by the professed ac tors. Hence it has been a rule for those who performed In such pieces not to be degraded from their tribe and they were allowed to serve in the army as they had never ,'4p?rired 0n the stage." moisture and proof packages. BISCUIT COMPANY ijjj H ft I 1 cuit 1 ! Among the Romans then we, find as well as with the ancient Greeks that plays were religious institutions. We have, therefore, only to recollect the inseparability of music from every cer emony of a religious nature, to see that th; drama was necessarily musical. A stronger proof cannot be adduced of the importance tha Romans attach ed to music in all religious ceremonies than the following curious passage in Livy, lib. 9 cap. 30: "I should omit a circumstance hardly worth mentioning, If it did not seem connected with re ligion. The tibiclnes, or flute players, taking offense at being refused by the preceding censors,' the privilege of eat ing in the temple of Jupiter, according to traditional custom, withdrew in a body to Tlbur so that there were no performers left to play before the sac rifices. This created religious scruples in the minds of the senators and am bassadors were sent to Tibur to en deavor to persuade the fugitives to re turn to Rome. The Tiburtines readily promised to use their utmost endeav ors to this end arid first summoning them before their senate, exhorted them to -return-to .'Rome; but finding them deaf to reason and entreaty they had recourse to an artifice well suited to the dispositions of these . men. For upon a certain festival, they were all invited by different persons,, under pre tense of their assisting in the celebra tion of a feast. As men of this profes sion are generally much addicted to wine, they were supplied with it till, being Intoxicated, they fell fast asleep and in this condition were placed in carta and carried to Rome where they passed the remaining part of the night in the Forum without perceiving what had happened. The next day, upon opining their eyes, they were accosted by the Roman - people - who flocked about them and, having been prevailed upon to stay In their native city, they wero allowed the privilege of strolling through all the 'streets In' their robes, three days in every year, playing upon their instruments and Indulging them selves in thoso licentious excesses which are practiced upon the same oc casion to this day. The privilege of eat ing jn the temple was also restored to such of them as should be employed In playing before the sacrifices." This occurred 300 years B. C. Yet the Romans, It Is well known, were among the latest of great nations in cultivating the arts and sciences, scarcely any of which they acquired except through the medium of con quest. Before their acquaintance with Greece and her refinements, they owed all tfleir mental improvmnts to Etruria whether they sent their sons for educa tion and whence they drew their first knowledge not only of religion but of poetry, painting, sculpture and music. Besides their obligation both to Etruria land to Greece for their taste and knowledge In the fine arts, the Romans were not a little indebted to the Sicili ans whom they conquered two hundred years before the Christian era. From this elegant and ingenious people who, besides reckoning among the names of their men of talent and learning those of Aeschylus, Dlodorus Slculus, Empe docles, Georglas, Euclid, Archimedes, Eptcharmus arid Theocritus, could beast of not only being the inventors of pastoral poetry, but of the wind in struments with which the shepherds used to accompany their rural songs, the Romans must necessarily have de rived incalculable Improvement 'In all the acquirements of mind, and In none among these more than in the science and rractii' of music. Greece not only provided the Rom ans with musical science but also with musical instruments. Their progress both in theory and In vocal and man ual execution was slow.- The few of their authors who p'rofessedly wrote upon the subject of music, such as St. Augustine, Martlanus Capella, Boethi us and Casslodoriw, did not appear until the decline of the empire. It does not appear that durmg the reign of Aueustus. Rome possessed one celebrated sculptor,' painter or musl clan or even a distinguished architect except Vltruvlus. Yltruvlus, In the chapter on music Introduced lit his Treatise upon Archi tecture, regrets the unavoidable ob scurity of musical literature, on ac count of the . deficiency of terms In the Latin tongue. The poverty of the Roman language as compared with the Greek, Is also a subject of complaint with Lucretius, who, avowing his anxiety to enlighten the mind of his pupil Memmlus, on the subject of Epicurean philosophy, affectlngly says to him: "Alas! the weakness of the Roman tongue Shrinks from the burden of my copi ous song: For precepts new, new diction I ex plore, And lack the riches or the Grecian store; But thy rare virtue and the sweet de light Thy friendship yields the grateful task invite; ' ' By day no labor, no research I spare, And silent night prolongs my pleasing care. For words I seek, of comprehensive sway; In forceful numbers wisdom would convey; Would teach how Nature's secrets thou may'st find, And aid the native lustre of thy mind. L. I. v. 137." "The science of music, In itself abstruse," says he, "is particularly so to those who do not understand the Greek language." This at once shows how little music the Romans possess ed In the time of Augustus and whence that little was received. yet during the latter end of the re public and the voluptlousness of the emperors, music was in great favor at Rome. The temple, the stage and the place of banquet derived from Its aid a,-large portion of their splendor and as the religious ceremonies, dramatic representations and the indulgences of the bodily appetency became more frequent, so the Importance of music would be augmented and its quality improved. Livy mentions a hymn composed by P. Lucinius Tegula, in the 552d year from the building of the city and sung by twenty-seven vir gins in procession through the streets of Rome, on occasions of some prodi gies which, from a supposition that the gods were angry, had greatly alarmed the citizens. The Carmen Seculare of Horace and Catullus' hymn to Diana, are curious relics of vocal poetry and serve to show the esteem and the use that appertained to the ancient Roman music. The Roman shows and public spec tacles, intended to amuse and flatter the common people, were necessarily calculated for the meridian of the vul gar appetite and, in a great measure, must have rejected refinement and polish. The noise and indecorum of the clowns and mechanics at the the ater, whose chief delight was In the glare and glitter of the decorations and such music as was suited to their rude ears, are frequently complained of by Horace. And fro.m Ovid we learn that the style of the airs of the theater was so adapted to the taste of the common people and their con struction so artless and practicable, that they wer sung by the ploughmen In the fields. One embellishment, however, ap pears to have formed a characteris tic of their public music, that of the crescendo and diminuendo. Cicero, (De Oratore 1, 3, c. 102) after speak ing of the use of contrast in oratory, poetry and theatrical declamation, says, "even musicians who have com posed molody are sensible of Its power as is manifest from the care they take to lessen the sounds of instruments in order to augment, it afterwards to diminish, to swell, to vary and to di versify. According to the same ora tor, it was, in Rome, a general ha! it with persons of rank to keep a band of musicians who were called Servi Symphonlacl and Puerl Symphonlaci musical men and musical boys at tendants. It is also certain from various pass ages in Greek writers, that the anci ent vocal music had its introductory symphonies which wero expressed by e figurative word Mesaulici, imply ing. an entry or passuge. Meibomius, speaking of the term Mesaulion, calls it interplplng. ... The following description of a mus ical entertainment given by a lady (Apulelus Metam. lib. ii)jihbws that In that author's time, music was pret ty well cultivated. "She ordered the Icthara to be played and it was done. She asked for a concert of flutes and their mellifluous sounds were immedi ately heard. Lastly, she signified her pleasure that, voices should be joined with the instruments and the souls of the audience were instantly soothed with sweet sounds." And the ac count given by the same writer of a musical performance In honor of Co res would not ill describe some mod ern concerts. The occasion was the celebration of a great festival dedi cated to the goddess and at which Apulelus himself was Initiated Into the Eleuslnlan mysteries. "A band of musicians,' says he, "now filled the air with a melodious concert of flutes and voices. xney were followed by a chorus, of youths, dressed in white robes, suitable to the solemnity, who alternately sang an Ingenious 710cm which an excellent poet, inspired by the Muses, had composed in order to explain the subjects of this extraor dlnary festival.. Among these march ed several players on the flute, conse crated to the great Serapls who per formed many airs dedicated to the worship of the god in his temple. Af ter this, the venerable ministers of the true religion1, shook with all their force the sistrums of brass, silver and gold, which produced tones so clear and sonorous that they might have been heard at a great distance from the place of performance." MORRIS STEINERT. SIMMKH OM)S. Only one LAXATf VIS BKOMO Qt'IXfXE, Remember full name. K. YV. Ur.Ti'e on box. 2ie. WHY IT AIR TCRXS. GRAY. Puzzling Quest ion For the Hootors White ifulr of Youtlj. Although usually regardod as a slgt of age, gray hair, or canities, as it, is caueu in me language ui iiit-ui- clne, is not always so. It may 'ap pear early In life, even in the teens In that case it usually affects young women rather than young men. A peculiarity about the gray hair of the young Is that it is almost al ways entirely white and becomes so suddenly. All the hairs are equally affected, and one seldom sees the mix ed color, or iron gray, so common in those of middle or advanced age. Sometimes in the young, even In children, there Is one gray lock like an island In the sea of normally col ored hair about It. This is usually a family peculiarity, occurring In one generation after the other. The cause of the hair turning gray Is something that puzzles the doctors The color of the hair Is due to the deposit of pigment in the Interior of each hair, and grayness follows the loss of this pigment. That is self evident, but the puzzle is what cans- es the pigment to disappear. Some have believed that it is due to the drying of the hair, which causes ' a shrinkage of Its fibers, and so allows the entrance of air bubbles, the re fraction of light from which then gives the white appearance. The proof which is adduced in sup port of this belief is that If a gray hair is put Into the receiver of an air pump and the air is then exhausted the color of the hair may return more or less completely. Metchnikoff, the famous bacteriolo gist, says the cause of grayness is the cnetration into the hair of wander ing cells, resembling the white blood corpuscles. These ceVs, assisted by other cells, the aggregation of which makes the hair, 'seize upon the gran ules of pigment and destroy them. Nearly every one has read of in stances of the sudden bleaching of the hair even in a single night un der the Influence of fear, grief or some other intense mental emotion. That such cases have occurred is undoubt ed, but the explanation by either of the theories above mentioned is diffi cult. There is no cure for gray hair so far as is known. The use of curling irons is said to retard its formation; penhaps if Metchinlkoff is right by de stroying the activity of the cells which consume the pigment. Youth's Com panion. ' . CASTOR 1 A For Infants and Children. Hie Kind You Have Always Bought Boars the Signature of JAPAN INSPECTING CCNNECTECUT TOBACCO Has an Expert Studying Conditions in Simsbury, This State. GOVERNMENT CONTROL Interest Now Suggests a New Market for Local Yield. Hartford Aug. 12. Employed by the Japanese government as an assistant inspector for its tobacco monopoly, a young man, Isemo Matemura is now at the plantation of the Connecticut Tobacco Company at Simsbury, study ing methods of raising and curing the weed 1n this State, and incidentally prepared to make purchases if he finds it desirable. Mr. Matsemura has been in this cruntry about a year, and came to Simsbury about a week ago where he proposes to remain until September 1. He is much Interested in the methods employed in raising the different kinds of tobacco, and takes notes from which to make -reports to the head office of the Imperial Tobacco monopoly at To klo, Japan. ' For many years the imperial govern- ni( nt has had a monopoly on the pro duction of tobacco in Japan and all sales have been under government supervision: A farmer who wishes to raise tobacco gets a permit from the government agent to plant a certain amount of land. An inspection is made of the growing plants and when the crop is ready to harvest the agent comes around and pays the farmer the government's price for the various grades. The farmers are not allowed to cell any of their tobacco to private persons. Up to twelve months ago the govern ment controlled the leaf, which it dis posed of to the various manufacturers, dividing at least some of the- profits from the. business, but It was then de ckled, probably because of the heavy war debt, to extend the monopoly to the manufacture of cigars and cigar ettes, and, in fact, to (he marketing of tobacco In all forms. The government, In pursuance of this plan purchased at the cost of several million dollars, the great plant in Japan of the American Tobacco Company and also took over many other smaller properties. . iThe island of Formosa is well adapt ed to the raiding of tobacco and much has been raised there in recent years. The manufactured article, however, has ben almost wholly in the form of cigarettes but cigars are becoming popular among the Japanese and the government is going Into the manufac- ture if cigars on an extensive scale. It is in the Interest of this Innovation that the inspectors in this country aire wi rklng and Mr. Matsemura, besides studying the growing plants, Is Inspect ing various factories. He was in Hart ford on Saturday and will also come here this week. Mr. Matsemura's chief, Inspector Ueda, who does most of the buying in this country for the Japanese govern ment, will come to 'this State In a few wf;eks and will join his assistant in Slms'bury. Mr. Ueda, whose home is in Toklo, is now In Richmond, Va., ar ranging for the purchase of tobacco. Later this year, with Mr. M'atsemura he Will vHt tobacco hinds In Florida, Ohio and other parts of fhe country. Heretofore the .fvpanese have con fined their purchases in this country almost entirely to North Carolina to bacco, but as the government is to be gin the manufacture of cigars t Is expected that this State will now come In on some of the transactions. The man who has been placed by the Japanese government at the head of its tobacco monopoly Is Dr. Ikada, who was educated in this country and who was in Simsbury for some time two years ago preparing for the posi tion he now holds. Mr, Matsemura speaks excellent English. He is about 3ii yearn old. At the plantation where he comes closely in contact with the men in all departments, ho shows the typical acute Japanese mind, "catches on" to an idea at once and appears to be determined In understand every phase of the subject before him. He says that the tobacco monopoly is a profitable thing for the Japanese gov ernment but lis rather hard on the grower, as the government pays any price it wishes for the tobacco. .,a SOVEREIGNS AS JESTERS. Sliah Tut Dignified Officials on Skates King Who Lilted a Rough House. Although the Kaiser has been known to allow one American millionaire to skip him heartily .on the shoulder, and another to tell him that he is "a jolly good fellow," without showing a trace of offended dignity, says the London Tit-Bits, he 'is said never to permit the least familiarity from even the most exalted of his subjects. , And yet no monarch better enjoys a Joke at the expense of his officials, as w.iei recently proved by a remarkable photograph presented by him to an ad miral who usually accompanied him on his yachting expeditions. On a recent trip this admiral was not present, and his Majesty, in order to show him what he had missed, hud a wonderful photo graph faked representing a gigantic and fearsome sea serpent gliding through the water within pistol shot of tha imperial yacht. A more frolicsome monarch Is the Shah of Persia, of whom the following story ia told. During his last visit to Paris the S!v.ih, just as he was leaving ht; hotel, summoned the two police in spectors who always accompany him on their bicycles and begged the loan of their machines, as his court mar sin! and ehW chamberlain were anx ious to try them. These dignified offi cials tv id never been on a bicycle in the.lr lives, and great was their con sternation when their royal master commanded them to mount the unsta ble steed and ride away: There was, however, no escape, so summoning up their courage the two dignitaries tucked up their frock cms is, got-somehow astride -of their respective wheels and began to wabble down the Champs Elysees. They had scarcely gone half a half dosten yards, however, before crash! went one machine, and WW Here is your opportunity to learn some valuable cooking secrets from two or. America's finest cooks, Alice Cary "Waterman and Janet M. Hill. These famous experts have made MP BL 'Corn Starch. , as an aid in every-day cooking and bcking. 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"All you want is a little prac tice," he gasped between his paroxysms of-laughter, as the fullen heroes picked themselves up and began ruefully to brush the dust off their garments. On another occasion his Majesty put several of his moat adipose and grave courtiers on roller skates, and was so convulsed by their antics that he had to command them to desist. But perhaps no living sovereign rel ishes a Joke of this kind more heartily than the Irrepressible King of Spain, who is never so happy as when lie is shocking his grave and decorous cour tiers. Only the other day, it is said, he Interrupted an interview with one of (his ministers to show him how cleverly he could turn a somersault, an acro batic feat which he also performed for the benefit of Queen Alexandra a short time ago in, one of the corridors of Buckingham Palace. Francis I. practiced some cruel jokes 01 Jacob Paul von Gundlng, tin emi nent scientist, on one occasion dressing up a monkey in clothes similar to those worn by the professor and making the latter embrace him in public and ao krowledge him as his own son, and on Cundling's death the King had" his body dressed in State uniform and j buried in a wine -cask. j Charles III. loved -to- go abroad In disguise, assailing, his subjects in the ccarsest terms. .-He. would, enter the shops of vendors. of breakable materi als, and taking up. a. mirror, or drinking glass would let. it. .fall.. to.. the ground, , larghlng unrestrainedly at the damage i that he had done anjl at the abuse that was showered, on him. And,, to giva but one more, example, Peter the m MP: UNIVERSAL There is but oris opinion about the Gas Range. Every woman who uses ono agrees it i3 tha perfected means of cooking, and every woman who cooks with coal wishes she had one. Summer is tha season to enjoy life. It Is the playtime of the year. But there isn't much fun in spending the hot days in an over-heated kitchen. Sum mer is Just beginning, Get a Gas Range and leave drudgery behind. With one, meals are prepared in short order, while the entire house remains .cool and pleasant. Our ranges are the best make for sale. Send for the Gas Man to-day. THE NEW HAVEN THE BAY STATE FEAMiM Iti Just. The Thing For Country and Seashore Vacation Cottages Hi j 1 f a if! 1 4 1 "or? , C si i ; . '1 ' ft k J' ' - . " .OiJij tj V . i j. T W t. if Ssnd for Prices and Circulars. t:g. ''whitehead, 360 STATE STREET. i 0 fc' H' W, a special study of Urn, :: Creat loved at Christmas time to. taka part in the annual sledge procession in which the clergy, gorgeously attired. stepped at certain houses', ' saitg a carol and received charitable .offerings. BRIDEGROOM MUST PAY PEX- ALTY. I A singular marriage custom prevails among the French Canadians in Que-I bee. - After the morning marriage service in the church the bridal party! in caleche or carriole make a tour o calls upon relatives and friends dur- ing the day and then return again tt church for vespfers. . i . Before the evening dance at the bride's new home comes the supper.! When the company rise from the ta-S ble the bride keeps her seat and some one asks with great dignity: "Why does madam wait? Is she so soon in bad grace?" She replies: "Somebody has stolen my slipper. I cannot walk." Then they carry her, chair and all. Into the middle of the room, while a loud knocking announces- a grotesque ragged vendor of boots and shoes. He kneels before the slipperless bride ahd tries on a long succession 'of old boots and shoes of every variety and. size until at last he finds her missing shoe. . . , i The bridegroom redeems it for a good price, which Is spent. In treating the company. If the bridegroom 13 not watchful they steal her hat and cloak, which he redeems in the same way, and they have been known to steal the bride, for which there must :be liberal pay. Thcevent .of the ove rling is a good jig, n which a guest volunteers to outdance1 the bride. II successful the visitor demands a prize from the bridegroom. Pear son's Weekly. ' V GAS LGHT CO. Is made of Russia! Iron; is light, so thai) it can be easily mor-j ed from room to! room. It is hand-' somely trimmed with; brass and black en-i amel, making it or namental in appear ance. For- cool mornings and even ings, while the fur nace is low or out,; there is nothing more convenient or eco nomical than a Bay State Franklin. : Made In tiro sice ( WOOD e COAJL. 1 1 V: 1 Mm w wu Ml M 1 e past . .