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The daily morning journal and courier. [volume] (New Haven, Conn.) 1894-1907, August 13, 1907, SECOND SECTION, Image 10

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The Influence of the Greeks
Always Dominant. ,
Romulus and Remus Among
the Earlier Musicians.
Article XI.
Although the Romans owed much
to the Greeks In their fine arts, it does
not follow that the Romans had not
originally a music of their own
though coarse and rude. They bor
rowed from the Etruscans such mus
ic as was suitable for the wants of
their armies and the service of their
Dionyslus Halicarnassensls .tells us
that the religious cermeonies of the
Pelasglans who were inhabitants- of
. Faleri and Fescennia, two ancient cit
ies of Etruria, were of the same kind
as those of the people of Argos. "Holy
women," he tells, "served In the
temple, and a girl unmarried, called
Canephoros or Basket-bearer, began
the sacrifice;' besides which, there
were choruses of virgins, who hymned
the goddess in songs of their country."
Therefore, since the Romans were in
Correspondence with fhe Etrurians
' before they became intimate with the
Greeks, it is natural to conclude that
they borrowed from the Etrurians
their religious ceremonies and with
them their music. According to the
, same writer, the Arcadians were the
first who brought into Italy the use. of
the Greek letters ( and instrumental
music, performed on the lyre and
! thsoa Instruments called the Trlgon
and also the Lydlan, an instrument
, for which, no doubt, the Greeks were
originally indebted to their Adriatic
neighbors of Lydia.
Romulus and Remtis, Dionyslus in
forms us on . the authority of many
old authors, receiving their education
at Gabii, a town near Palatium, were
instructed In Greek learning which in
cluded music. Plutarch tells us that
the Greek spoken by the Romans in
the time of Romulus was perfectly
,-' pure. Whatever knowledge of mus
ical science or skill in musical per
formance the Roman might originally
i. have acquired from the Etrurians, all
their subsequent improvement in mus
ic, both vocal and Instrumental was
derived from the Greeks. W hatever
vera their musical powers, the soon
found employment for them. In their
first triumphal procession, in honor
of the victory of Romulus over the
Caeninenses, the whole army followed
i 4iie conqueror, singing hymns to their
grtds in songs of their country and
celebrating teir genehral in extempor
ized verses.
We here see the origin of the Im
provisator! or extemporary versifiers
of Italy. A custom that to this day is
common among the Italians wa,s, we
find, practiced in the fourth year of
On some solemn ocasions they add
ed to their own priests and priestesses
those of other countries. In the wor
ship they paid to Cybele, Phrygian
musicians attended, striking their
cymbals and blowing their flutes
throughout the procession.
Rousseau says on the subject of the
Scolla, or Grecian songs, that they
passed from the Greeks to the Rom
ans, and pertinently observes that
marly of the odes of Horace are Bac
chanalian and love songs. "But this
nation," says he, "more military than
sensual, for a long while made but a
very coarse use of music and songs
and in these particulars never ap
proached the voluptuous grace and
elegance of the Greeks. It seems as
if, among the Romans, melody always
remained In an unrefined state. Their
Hymeneal odes were rather noise and
clamor than airs and it Is hardly to
be presumed that the satirical songs
of the soldiers in the triumphs of
their generals, consisted of a very
agreeable melody."
We find, however, from Servlus,
Macrobius and Horace, that the orig
inal nuptial songs were after a time
refined and polished into epithalami
ums. Rousseau, in his complaint of
the occasional coarseness of the anci
To take the sharp edge off
an appetite that won't wait
for meals
To sharpen a poor appetite
that doesn't care for meals
eat "
So nutritious, so easily di
gested, that they have become
the staple wheat food.
ent music, obviously alludes to the
primitive Versus Fescennini, (so call
ed because first used by the people of
Fescennia) a species of poetry not
remarkable either for its elegance or
delicacy. '
Although the vocal strains of the
Romans were not comparable with
those of the Greeks, as imitations of
such good originals, they wereoo far
from being contemptible. From their
constant and various use among the
Romans they are rendered too import
ant not to claim formal notice in a
work professing to give an account of
the ancient musle-not to stimulate
Inquiry among the best and most au
thentic of their historians.
' Acording to Dionysius, one of the
branches of the religious institutions
of Numa consisted of the Salii,
twelve young men of the most grace
ful apearance, chosen from among the
patricians, whose office was to dance
in procession and sing hymns of
praise to the god of war, beating time
upon the Ancilla or sacred shields.
In this they directly Imitated the
Greek curates as still more evidently
appears from the following brief detail
from the same writer. "In their evolu
tions," says Dionyslus, "they keep
time to the' music of a flute, sometimes
moving together, sometimes by turns,
and in dancing, -sing certain hymns af
ter the manner of their country." Ser
vlus Tulllus, who began his reign 137
years after Christ, having formed the
people into classes and centuries, or
dained that two entire centuries should
ect.'Slst of trumpeters, blowers of the
horn, etc., and of such as, without any
other instruments, sounded the charge.
And In the' laws of the twelve tables,
arrong those relating to religious rites,
we find the master of the funeral In
the games was authorized to make use
of three square mantles, to wear a
purple fillet and to be attended by ten
players on the flute. And, after order
ing that the praises of honored men be
displayed In an assembly of the people,
the same law ordains that mournful
songs, accompanied with a flute, shall
exalt those praises.
Dr. Burney gives from Llvy a kind of
hi.-tory of the Roman drama which,
like the Grecian, as 4he Doctor truly
remarks, was inseparable from music.
Llvy, speaking of the plague that
raged during the consulate of C. Rul
picius Petlcus and C. Llclnnlus Stolo
("64 B. C.) says, "The most remarkable
occurrence during this period was that,
IJi order to obtain mercy of the gods, a
public .feast called Lectisternium, was
celebrated for them which was the
third entertainment of this kind that
had been made since the building of
this city.. But the magistrates, finding
that the violence of the pestilence was
neither abated by human prudence nor
divine assistance, and having their
minds filled wjth superstition, among
other things which were tried In order
to appease the incensed . deities, are
said to have instituted the games called
Scenicl, which were amusements en
tlrely new to a warlike people who, be
fore this time, had none but that of the
"These theatrical representations,
like the beginnings of most other
things, were at first Inconsiderable and
borrowed from foreigners. (Actors were
sent for from Etruria, who, without
verses, or any action expressive of
verses, danced- not ungracefully after
the' Tuscan manner, to the flute. In
process of time the 'Roman youth be
gan to imitate these dancers, Intermix
ing raillery In unpolished verses, their
gestures corresponding with the sense
of the words. Thus were these plays
received at Rome and being Improved
and refined by frequent performances,
the Roman actors acquired the name of
Hlstriones, from the Tuscan word Uls
ter, which signifies a stage player. But
their dialogue did not consist of un
premeditated and coarse jests In such
rude verses as were used by the Fes
cennini but of satires accompanied
with music, tet to the flute and recited
with suitable gestures. After some
years, Llvius Andronleus first ventured
ti nbandon satires and write plays
with a regular and connected plot. Af
ter satires, which had afforded the peo
ple subjects of coarse mirth and laugh
ter, were by this regulation reduced to
ferm, acting by degrees, became an
art. The Roman youth left It to players
by profession and began, as formerly,
to act farces at the end of their regu
lar pieces. These dramas were soon
afterward called Exodia and were
gererally interwoven with the Atellane
comedies. These were borrowed from
the Osci and always acted by the Ro
man youth who would not allow them
to be, disgraced by the professed ac
tors. Hence it has been a rule for those
who performed In such pieces not to be
degraded from their tribe and they
were allowed to serve in the army as
they had never ,'4p?rired 0n the stage."
moisture and
proof packages.
cuit 1
Among the Romans then we, find as
well as with the ancient Greeks that
plays were religious institutions. We
have, therefore, only to recollect the
inseparability of music from every cer
emony of a religious nature, to see that
th; drama was necessarily musical.
A stronger proof cannot be adduced
of the importance tha Romans attach
ed to music in all religious ceremonies
than the following curious passage in
Livy, lib. 9 cap. 30: "I should omit a
circumstance hardly worth mentioning,
If it did not seem connected with re
ligion. The tibiclnes, or flute players,
taking offense at being refused by the
preceding censors,' the privilege of eat
ing in the temple of Jupiter, according
to traditional custom, withdrew in a
body to Tlbur so that there were no
performers left to play before the sac
rifices. This created religious scruples
in the minds of the senators and am
bassadors were sent to Tibur to en
deavor to persuade the fugitives to re
turn to Rome. The Tiburtines readily
promised to use their utmost endeav
ors to this end arid first summoning
them before their senate, exhorted
them to -return-to .'Rome; but finding
them deaf to reason and entreaty they
had recourse to an artifice well suited
to the dispositions of these . men. For
upon a certain festival, they were all
invited by different persons,, under pre
tense of their assisting in the celebra
tion of a feast. As men of this profes
sion are generally much addicted to
wine, they were supplied with it till,
being Intoxicated, they fell fast asleep
and in this condition were placed in
carta and carried to Rome where they
passed the remaining part of the night
in the Forum without perceiving what
had happened. The next day, upon
opining their eyes, they were accosted
by the Roman - people - who flocked
about them and, having been prevailed
upon to stay In their native city, they
wero allowed the privilege of strolling
through all the 'streets In' their robes,
three days in every year, playing upon
their instruments and Indulging them
selves in thoso licentious excesses
which are practiced upon the same oc
casion to this day. The privilege of eat
ing jn the temple was also restored to
such of them as should be employed
In playing before the sacrifices." This
occurred 300 years B. C.
Yet the Romans, It Is well known,
were among the latest of great nations
in cultivating the arts and sciences,
scarcely any of which they acquired
except through the medium of con
quest. Before their acquaintance with
Greece and her refinements, they owed
all tfleir mental improvmnts to Etruria
whether they sent their sons for educa
tion and whence they drew their first
knowledge not only of religion but of
poetry, painting, sculpture and music.
Besides their obligation both to Etruria
land to Greece for their taste and
knowledge In the fine arts, the Romans
were not a little indebted to the Sicili
ans whom they conquered two hundred
years before the Christian era. From
this elegant and ingenious people who,
besides reckoning among the names of
their men of talent and learning those
of Aeschylus, Dlodorus Slculus, Empe
docles, Georglas, Euclid, Archimedes,
Eptcharmus arid Theocritus, could
beast of not only being the inventors
of pastoral poetry, but of the wind in
struments with which the shepherds
used to accompany their rural songs,
the Romans must necessarily have de
rived incalculable Improvement 'In all
the acquirements of mind, and In none
among these more than in the science
and rractii' of music.
Greece not only provided the Rom
ans with musical science but also with
musical instruments. Their progress
both in theory and In vocal and man
ual execution was slow.- The few of
their authors who p'rofessedly wrote
upon the subject of music, such as St.
Augustine, Martlanus Capella, Boethi
us and Casslodoriw, did not appear
until the decline of the empire. It
does not appear that durmg the reign
of Aueustus. Rome possessed one
celebrated sculptor,' painter or musl
clan or even a distinguished architect
except Vltruvlus.
Yltruvlus, In the chapter on music
Introduced lit his Treatise upon Archi
tecture, regrets the unavoidable ob
scurity of musical literature, on ac
count of the . deficiency of terms In the
Latin tongue.
The poverty of the Roman language
as compared with the Greek, Is also a
subject of complaint with Lucretius,
who, avowing his anxiety to enlighten
the mind of his pupil Memmlus, on
the subject of Epicurean philosophy,
affectlngly says to him:
"Alas! the weakness of the Roman
Shrinks from the burden of my copi
ous song:
For precepts new, new diction I ex
plore, And lack the riches or the Grecian
But thy rare virtue and the sweet de
light Thy friendship yields the grateful task
invite; ' '
By day no labor, no research I spare,
And silent night prolongs my pleasing
For words I seek, of comprehensive
In forceful numbers wisdom would
Would teach how Nature's secrets
thou may'st find,
And aid the native lustre of thy mind.
L. I. v. 137."
"The science of music, In itself
abstruse," says he, "is particularly so
to those who do not understand the
Greek language." This at once shows
how little music the Romans possess
ed In the time of Augustus and
whence that little was received.
yet during the latter end of the re
public and the voluptlousness of the
emperors, music was in great favor at
Rome. The temple, the stage and the
place of banquet derived from Its aid
a,-large portion of their splendor and
as the religious ceremonies, dramatic
representations and the indulgences of
the bodily appetency became more
frequent, so the Importance of music
would be augmented and its quality
improved. Livy mentions a hymn
composed by P. Lucinius Tegula, in
the 552d year from the building of
the city and sung by twenty-seven vir
gins in procession through the streets
of Rome, on occasions of some prodi
gies which, from a supposition that
the gods were angry, had greatly
alarmed the citizens. The Carmen
Seculare of Horace and Catullus'
hymn to Diana, are curious relics of
vocal poetry and serve to show the
esteem and the use that appertained
to the ancient Roman music.
The Roman shows and public spec
tacles, intended to amuse and flatter
the common people, were necessarily
calculated for the meridian of the vul
gar appetite and, in a great measure,
must have rejected refinement and
polish. The noise and indecorum of
the clowns and mechanics at the the
ater, whose chief delight was In the
glare and glitter of the decorations
and such music as was suited to their
rude ears, are frequently complained
of by Horace. And fro.m Ovid we
learn that the style of the airs of the
theater was so adapted to the taste of
the common people and their con
struction so artless and practicable,
that they wer sung by the ploughmen
In the fields.
One embellishment, however, ap
pears to have formed a characteris
tic of their public music, that of the
crescendo and diminuendo. Cicero,
(De Oratore 1, 3, c. 102) after speak
ing of the use of contrast in oratory,
poetry and theatrical declamation,
says, "even musicians who have com
posed molody are sensible of Its power
as is manifest from the care they take
to lessen the sounds of instruments in
order to augment, it afterwards to
diminish, to swell, to vary and to di
versify. According to the same ora
tor, it was, in Rome, a general ha! it
with persons of rank to keep a band
of musicians who were called Servi
Symphonlacl and Puerl Symphonlaci
musical men and musical boys at
It is also certain from various pass
ages in Greek writers, that the anci
ent vocal music had its introductory
symphonies which wero expressed by
e figurative word Mesaulici, imply
ing. an entry or passuge. Meibomius,
speaking of the term Mesaulion, calls
it interplplng. ...
The following description of a mus
ical entertainment given by a lady
(Apulelus Metam. lib. ii)jihbws that
In that author's time, music was pret
ty well cultivated. "She ordered the
Icthara to be played and it was done.
She asked for a concert of flutes and
their mellifluous sounds were immedi
ately heard. Lastly, she signified her
pleasure that, voices should be joined
with the instruments and the souls
of the audience were instantly soothed
with sweet sounds." And the ac
count given by the same writer of a
musical performance In honor of Co
res would not ill describe some mod
ern concerts. The occasion was the
celebration of a great festival dedi
cated to the goddess and at which
Apulelus himself was Initiated Into the
Eleuslnlan mysteries. "A band of
musicians,' says he, "now filled the air
with a melodious concert of flutes and
voices. xney were followed by a
chorus, of youths, dressed in white
robes, suitable to the solemnity, who
alternately sang an Ingenious 710cm
which an excellent poet, inspired by
the Muses, had composed in order to
explain the subjects of this extraor
dlnary festival.. Among these march
ed several players on the flute, conse
crated to the great Serapls who per
formed many airs dedicated to the
worship of the god in his temple. Af
ter this, the venerable ministers of
the true religion1, shook with all their
force the sistrums of brass, silver and
gold, which produced tones so clear
and sonorous that they might have
been heard at a great distance from
the place of performance."
Remember full name. K. YV. Ur.Ti'e on
box. 2ie.
Puzzling Quest ion For the Hootors
White ifulr of Youtlj.
Although usually regardod as a
slgt of age, gray hair, or canities, as
it, is caueu in me language ui iiit-ui-
clne, is not always so. It may 'ap
pear early In life, even in the teens
In that case it usually affects young
women rather than young men.
A peculiarity about the gray hair
of the young Is that it is almost al
ways entirely white and becomes so
suddenly. All the hairs are equally
affected, and one seldom sees the mix
ed color, or iron gray, so common in
those of middle or advanced age.
Sometimes in the young, even In
children, there Is one gray lock like
an island In the sea of normally col
ored hair about It. This is usually
a family peculiarity, occurring In one
generation after the other.
The cause of the hair turning gray
Is something that puzzles the doctors
The color of the hair Is due to the
deposit of pigment in the Interior of
each hair, and grayness follows the
loss of this pigment. That is self
evident, but the puzzle is what cans-
es the pigment to disappear. Some
have believed that it is due to the
drying of the hair, which causes ' a
shrinkage of Its fibers, and so allows
the entrance of air bubbles, the re
fraction of light from which then
gives the white appearance.
The proof which is adduced in sup
port of this belief is that If a gray
hair is put Into the receiver of an air
pump and the air is then exhausted
the color of the hair may return more
or less completely.
Metchnikoff, the famous bacteriolo
gist, says the cause of grayness is the
cnetration into the hair of wander
ing cells, resembling the white blood
corpuscles. These ceVs, assisted by
other cells, the aggregation of which
makes the hair, 'seize upon the gran
ules of pigment and destroy them.
Nearly every one has read of in
stances of the sudden bleaching of
the hair even in a single night un
der the Influence of fear, grief or some
other intense mental emotion. That
such cases have occurred is undoubt
ed, but the explanation by either of
the theories above mentioned is diffi
There is no cure for gray hair so
far as is known. The use of curling
irons is said to retard its formation;
penhaps if Metchinlkoff is right by de
stroying the activity of the cells which
consume the pigment. Youth's Com
panion. ' .
For Infants and Children.
Hie Kind You Have Always Bought
Boars the
Signature of
Has an Expert Studying
Conditions in Simsbury,
This State.
Interest Now Suggests a
New Market for
Local Yield.
Hartford Aug. 12. Employed by the
Japanese government as an assistant
inspector for its tobacco monopoly, a
young man, Isemo Matemura is now
at the plantation of the Connecticut
Tobacco Company at Simsbury, study
ing methods of raising and curing the
weed 1n this State, and incidentally
prepared to make purchases if he finds
it desirable.
Mr. Matsemura has been in this
cruntry about a year, and came to
Simsbury about a week ago where he
proposes to remain until September 1.
He is much Interested in the methods
employed in raising the different kinds
of tobacco, and takes notes from which
to make -reports to the head office of
the Imperial Tobacco monopoly at To
klo, Japan. '
For many years the imperial govern-
ni( nt has had a monopoly on the pro
duction of tobacco in Japan and all
sales have been under government
supervision: A farmer who wishes to
raise tobacco gets a permit from the
government agent to plant a certain
amount of land. An inspection is made
of the growing plants and when the
crop is ready to harvest the agent
comes around and pays the farmer the
government's price for the various
grades. The farmers are not allowed to
cell any of their tobacco to private
Up to twelve months ago the govern
ment controlled the leaf, which it dis
posed of to the various manufacturers,
dividing at least some of the- profits
from the. business, but It was then de
ckled, probably because of the heavy
war debt, to extend the monopoly to
the manufacture of cigars and cigar
ettes, and, in fact, to (he marketing of
tobacco In all forms. The government,
In pursuance of this plan purchased at
the cost of several million dollars, the
great plant in Japan of the American
Tobacco Company and also took over
many other smaller properties. .
iThe island of Formosa is well adapt
ed to the raiding of tobacco and much
has been raised there in recent years.
The manufactured article, however,
has ben almost wholly in the form of
cigarettes but cigars are becoming
popular among the Japanese and the
government is going Into the manufac-
ture if cigars on an extensive scale.
It is in the Interest of this Innovation
that the inspectors in this country aire
wi rklng and Mr. Matsemura, besides
studying the growing plants, Is Inspect
ing various factories. He was in Hart
ford on Saturday and will also come
here this week.
Mr. Matsemura's chief, Inspector
Ueda, who does most of the buying in
this country for the Japanese govern
ment, will come to 'this State In a few
wf;eks and will join his assistant in
Slms'bury. Mr. Ueda, whose home is in
Toklo, is now In Richmond, Va., ar
ranging for the purchase of tobacco.
Later this year, with Mr. M'atsemura
he Will vHt tobacco hinds In Florida,
Ohio and other parts of fhe country.
Heretofore the .fvpanese have con
fined their purchases in this country
almost entirely to North Carolina to
bacco, but as the government is to be
gin the manufacture of cigars t Is
expected that this State will now come
In on some of the transactions.
The man who has been placed by the
Japanese government at the head of
its tobacco monopoly Is Dr. Ikada,
who was educated in this country and
who was in Simsbury for some time
two years ago preparing for the posi
tion he now holds. Mr, Matsemura
speaks excellent English. He is about
3ii yearn old. At the plantation where
he comes closely in contact with the
men in all departments, ho shows the
typical acute Japanese mind, "catches
on" to an idea at once and appears to
be determined In understand every
phase of the subject before him. He
says that the tobacco monopoly is a
profitable thing for the Japanese gov
ernment but lis rather hard on the
grower, as the government pays any
price it wishes for the tobacco. .,a
Sliah Tut Dignified Officials on Skates
King Who Lilted a Rough House.
Although the Kaiser has been known
to allow one American millionaire to
skip him heartily .on the shoulder, and
another to tell him that he is "a jolly
good fellow," without showing a trace
of offended dignity, says the London
Tit-Bits, he 'is said never to permit the
least familiarity from even the most
exalted of his subjects. ,
And yet no monarch better enjoys a
Joke at the expense of his officials, as
w.iei recently proved by a remarkable
photograph presented by him to an ad
miral who usually accompanied him on
his yachting expeditions. On a recent
trip this admiral was not present, and
his Majesty, in order to show him what
he had missed, hud a wonderful photo
graph faked representing a gigantic
and fearsome sea serpent gliding
through the water within pistol shot of
tha imperial yacht.
A more frolicsome monarch Is the
Shah of Persia, of whom the following
story ia told. During his last visit to
Paris the S!v.ih, just as he was leaving
ht; hotel, summoned the two police in
spectors who always accompany him
on their bicycles and begged the loan
of their machines, as his court mar
sin! and ehW chamberlain were anx
ious to try them. These dignified offi
cials tv id never been on a bicycle in
the.lr lives, and great was their con
sternation when their royal master
commanded them to mount the unsta
ble steed and ride away:
There was, however, no escape, so
summoning up their courage the two
dignitaries tucked up their frock cms is,
got-somehow astride -of their respective
wheels and began to wabble down the
Champs Elysees. They had scarcely
gone half a half dosten yards, however,
before crash! went one machine, and
Here is your opportunity to learn some valuable
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Duryeas' is the triumph of nearly half a century of
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then the other, and the gallant riders
were sprawling on the ground, while
the Shah laujvhed so consumedly at the
ludicrous speetacle"That he was oblig-
ed to dry his eyes with his handker-
chief. "All you want is a little prac
tice," he gasped between his paroxysms
of-laughter, as the fullen heroes picked
themselves up and began ruefully to
brush the dust off their garments.
On another occasion his Majesty put
several of his moat adipose and grave
courtiers on roller skates, and was so
convulsed by their antics that he had
to command them to desist.
But perhaps no living sovereign rel
ishes a Joke of this kind more heartily
than the Irrepressible King of Spain,
who is never so happy as when lie is
shocking his grave and decorous cour
tiers. Only the other day, it is said, he
Interrupted an interview with one of
(his ministers to show him how cleverly
he could turn a somersault, an acro
batic feat which he also performed for
the benefit of Queen Alexandra a short
time ago in, one of the corridors of
Buckingham Palace.
Francis I. practiced some cruel jokes
01 Jacob Paul von Gundlng, tin emi
nent scientist, on one occasion dressing
up a monkey in clothes similar to those
worn by the professor and making the
latter embrace him in public and ao
krowledge him as his own son, and on
Cundling's death the King had" his
body dressed in State uniform and
j buried in a wine -cask.
j Charles III. loved -to- go abroad In
disguise, assailing, his subjects in the
ccarsest terms. .-He. would, enter the
shops of vendors. of breakable materi
als, and taking up. a. mirror, or drinking
glass would let. it. .fall.. to.. the ground,
, larghlng unrestrainedly at the damage
i that he had done anjl at the abuse
that was showered, on him. And,, to
giva but one more, example, Peter the
There is but oris opinion
about the Gas Range. Every
woman who uses ono agrees
it i3 tha perfected means of
cooking, and every woman who
cooks with coal wishes she had
one. Summer is tha season to
enjoy life. It Is the playtime of
the year. But there isn't much
fun in spending the hot days in
an over-heated kitchen. Sum
mer is Just beginning, Get a
Gas Range and leave drudgery
behind. With one, meals are
prepared in short order, while
the entire house remains .cool
and pleasant. Our ranges are
the best make for sale. Send for
the Gas Man to-day.
Iti Just. The Thing
For Country and Seashore Vacation Cottages
Hi j 1
f a if! 1 4 1
"or? , C si i
; . '1 '
ft k J' '
- . " .OiJij tj V . i j.
T W t. if
Ssnd for Prices and Circulars.
t:g. ''whitehead,
0 fc' H' W,
a special study of
Creat loved at Christmas time to. taka
part in the annual sledge procession in
which the clergy, gorgeously attired.
stepped at certain houses', ' saitg a carol
and received charitable .offerings.
A singular marriage custom prevails
among the French Canadians in Que-I
bee. - After the morning marriage
service in the church the bridal party!
in caleche or carriole make a tour o
calls upon relatives and friends dur-
ing the day and then return again tt
church for vespfers. . i
. Before the evening dance at the
bride's new home comes the supper.!
When the company rise from the ta-S
ble the bride keeps her seat and some
one asks with great dignity: "Why
does madam wait? Is she so soon in
bad grace?"
She replies: "Somebody has stolen
my slipper. I cannot walk."
Then they carry her, chair and all.
Into the middle of the room, while a
loud knocking announces- a grotesque
ragged vendor of boots and shoes. He
kneels before the slipperless bride
ahd tries on a long succession 'of old
boots and shoes of every variety and.
size until at last he finds her missing
shoe. . . , i
The bridegroom redeems it for a
good price, which Is spent. In treating
the company. If the bridegroom 13
not watchful they steal her hat and
cloak, which he redeems in the same
way, and they have been known to
steal the bride, for which there must
:be liberal pay. Thcevent .of the ove
rling is a good jig, n which a guest
volunteers to outdance1 the bride. II
successful the visitor demands a
prize from the bridegroom. Pear
son's Weekly. ' V
Is made of Russia!
Iron; is light, so thai)
it can be easily mor-j
ed from room to!
room. It is hand-'
somely trimmed with;
brass and black en-i
amel, making it or
namental in appear
ance. For- cool
mornings and even
ings, while the fur
nace is low or out,;
there is nothing more
convenient or eco
nomical than a
Bay State Franklin. :
Made In tiro sice (
1 V:
Ml M
e past . .

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