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NEW- HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, MONDAY, OCTOBER H, 1907. QUADRENNIAL INSURANCE EXAMINATI0NPR0CEEB1NG Connecticut Mutual Life Inquiry Practically Completed. , BULKELEY'S DEFEAT Ambitious More to Put Civil War Officers on Half Pay. ;Speclal Journal-Courier News Service.) Ha'rtford, Oct. 11. Insurance Commissioner MacDonald is conduct ing the quadrennial examination of the Connecticut Life Insurance com pany and will finish it In November. The examination has been in progress four months. The quadrennial ex amination for Connecticut companies " In 1908 will come up in regular order. Commissioner Macdonald, who has een hV office since July 1, has made good Impression In the department. Hie pVedecessor in the- office', Ther- n Upson Is living on his farm In Bhelton and Is having all the comfort which that kind of lffe can afford. He was In Hartford at the last meeting f the Andersonville monument com mission of which he is a member. The commission has completed arrange ments for the dedication of the monu ment on Wednesday, October 23. The jaty of 100, which will attend the event, Will leave New Haven at 1 o'clock, Monday, October 21, and will arrive In Andersonville at 11 p. m. (Tuesday, October 22. colonel PVank iW. Cheney of the Sixteenth Connecti cut is the president of one commission and la In favor of the simplest ceremonies- at the dedication, ihe cost to the State all told will be $18,500. The number of Connecticut men who died at Andersonville and In memory of whom the monument has been erected, Was 314. The Boston sculptor, Eela I Pratt, who made the design Is native of Norwich. President Andrew Kingsbury of the Permanent FarmeVs' Alliance in the General Assembly will not call a nieeting this year. He i considering the advisability of Inviting the mem bers of. Farmers' associations in past General Assemblies ta attend the first meeting of the Permanent Alliance in 1908. That course will probably be adopted. No lines of work have yet toeen laid out for the alliance. i One thing has been lost sight of In the political forecasts tot 1908. This lost parcel Is the history of Gov ernor Bulkeley's determination in il890 to be renominated. He was In the last six months 'of his term of of fice, which had been characterized by ' eminent services. . The Republican caucus In Hartford which elected del egates to the State convention was 'held, September 10, and the conven tion -was held September 17, 1S90 in New Haven. The HartfoVd delegates ... iwere General Henry C D wight, , the Hon. John R. Hills, Charles J. Cole . and h.' B. Plimpton, all past masters In political management. Governor OBulkeley went into the convention with his heart set on securing a re nomination. United States Senator Piatt was chairman. Samuel E. Mer iwin of New Haven, Lieutenant Gov-" ernor, was the aspirant for leadership on the ticket. An informal ballot i was ordered. The number of votes east was 448. Of these Lieutenant Governor Merwin had 898 and Gov ernor Bulkeley 51. Since the conven tion of 1890 no governor of the State has been in a Republican convention as a candidate for a second term. The talk that Senator McGoveVn wilt not be a candidate for the office of mayor of Hartford, succeeding Mayor William F. Henney has not a particle of foundation in fact. Sena tor McGovern is a candidate for that office and will have a large and effective- support throughout the city. He has carried the Secohd senatorial dis itVlct twice with ample pluralities and received a larger vote by 288 last November than Senator Luther re ceived In the First district Certainly Senator McGovern's political strength ' in Hartford makes him a formidable contestant. An organization of field staff and line volunteer officers of the Civil war together with general officers with the object of supporting a bill In congress placing the volunteers on a retired list at half pay has been effected in the State. The headquart ers are in New Haven and General A. J-I. Bmbler of the Southern New Eng land Telephone company Is the treas urer. There areNthirty volunteer offi cers in this city, who are eligible to membership In the organization. Pa pors have been received here from '.die New Haven body foV signatures. Every city and town in the State will be canvassed in the interest of the new organization. The volunteer Te- Suit the Interest of your business Your Choice will be Intelligent HOW MUCH IS SATISFACTION WORTH TO YOU? Do you prefer methods now going out of date or up-to-date methods that will carry far into the future ? . A typewriter made just good enough to sell or the L. C Smith & Bros. TrPEWRiTER, with every useful, valuable feature inbuilt and Writing ENTIRELY in Sight? LET US SEND YOU THE ILLUSTRATED CATALOG U K L. C. SMITH a BROS. TYPEWRITER CO. no. an isroaaway, new York. New Haven Branch, tired list would be one of the honored lists of the Civil war. The project Is under consideration In the different States of the Union. THE COST IX BLOOD. Startling Figures of lives Lost In the Russian Revolution. The cost of the Russian revolution so far in disorders and bloodshed has been .computed by the statistician, Drzhankoff, who finds that it has swallowed 19,144 lives. In addition, 21,405 persons have been wounded. Thirteen hundred and fifty prisoners have committed suicide and 2,381 have been executed. But the balance on that account has been on the side of the revolutionists, who have as sassinated eighty-three generals or goevrnors, sixty-one prefects, and 8, 079 other officials. It would appear from these appalling figures that if the members of the Russian bureau cracy were thinking entirely about their own personal interests they would all Join the liberal movement, they take risks now that make their occupation more hazardous than that of coal miners, firemen or workers in powder mills." The statistician has kept count of 7,962 riots against the Jews and 4,540 against Armenians. The decay of discipline in the armed forces of the State is luridly illuminated by the re cord of 22,193 mutinies. The chief difficulty in the way of forming an intelligent opinion about Russian affairs Is the uncertainty whether any given piece of news from that region is true. A curious illus tration of the untrustworthlness of a great-part of this Information was given when a series of dispatches told witah a, wealth of corroborative de tail how the Kishinef mob, incited by a band of rufflians from Odessa, broke loose on the night of September 8, In a massacre that cost the live of eight : Jews, and how many of the victims were driven into a blazinz lumber yard and burned to death. But when the America Jewish committee cabled inquiries it learned that the stories had been works of the imagination and that there had been no new mas sacres at Kishinef at all. Samuel "Moffett in Collier's. THE IIEAL FRIENDSHIP. It Is often said that it Is the duty and privilege of a friend to warn his friend faithfully against his faults. I believe that this is a wholly mistaken principle. The essence o fthe situa tion is rather a cordial partnership of which the basis is liberty. What I mean by liberty is not a freedom from responsibility, but an absence of obligation. I do not, of course, mean that one Is to take all one can get and give as little as one likes, but rather that one must respect one's friend enough and that la Implied In the es tablishment of the relation to ab stain from directing him, unless he desires and asks for direction. The telling of faults may be safely left to hostile critics, and to what Sheridan calls "d d good-natured" acquaint ances. . But the friend must take for granted that his friend desires, in a general way, what Is good and true, even though he may pursue it on dif ferent lines. One's duty is to en courage and believe in one's friend, not to disapprove of and to censure him. One loves him for what he is, not for what he migh be if he would only take one's advice. The point is that It must be all a free gift not avnutual Improvement society unless, indeed, that Is the basis of the compact After all, a man can only feel responsible to God. Qne goes astray, no' doubt, like a sheep that is lost;, but it is not the duty of another sheep to butt one back Into the right way, unless, indeed, one appeals for help. One may have pastors and di rectors, but they can never be equal friends. If there is to be superiority in friendship, the lesser must .willing ly crown the greater; the greater must not ask to be crowned. The se cure friendship fs that which begins in comradeship and moves Into a more generous and emotional region. Then there is no need to' demand or to question loyalty, because the tie has been welded by many a simple deed, many a frank word. The ideal is a perfect frankness and sincerity, which lays bare the soul as it is, with out any false shame or any 'fear of misunderstanding. A friendship of this kind can be one of the purest, brightest, and strongest things in the world. Tet how rare it is! Arthur C. Benson In Putnam's Magazine. VICTIM OP PTOMAINE POISONING. New Britain, Oct. 3. William. Henry Riey, aged seventy-two years, died of ptomaine poisoning .ast night. Mr. Riey ate some canned salmon Friday night and was taken dangerously m a few hours later". For the past seven years he had been superintendent of the Riley & Beckney company's big plant here and was an expert chemist. He leaves a widow. No. 67 Center Street. THEKILLING CF GAME . RECKLESS IN FRANCE Pot Hunters, Poachers and Battues Reduce the Supply. BIG PRICES IN PARIS Half a Million Licensed Gun ners This Year Are Shooting. The hunting season ; begins in France in September, and this year, as for several past, there is an outcry all over the country at the reckless , wholesale destruction of game. Some ! of the sporting clubs have taken up ttie matter in the hope of finding a ' remedy. I They have an odd way of starting the season in France, The entire territory is divided into zones, each I containing a number of departments, in which the climate is similar and ' the crops mature and are harvested about the same time. The depart- j ment of the interior at Paris keeps track of conditions in each of these and sets the date for the opening for a day in. advance of which it is esti mated the farmers will have got theif I crops all In. Then the prefects and "the mayors make proclamation and the gunners of all France are at liberty to rush in and begin the slaughter at daybreak of the appointed date. And they do. They have to rush in fact, If they mean to fill their bags, for the crowd is so great that every living thing is either killed in a day or two or rend ered so timid as to be Undiscoverable, All the railroad companies ruji spe cial trains to points in the open zones and for twenty-four hours In advance the army with its dogs and guns pours into the threatened region. The growth of the shooting habit in France is shown by the number of permits issued. In 1830 there were only 44,500 in all France; in 1850 there were 150,000; In 1880 there were 850,000, and more than 430,000 in 1900. In ,1905 the authorities compelled those who catch larks and other small birda with snares for the market to take out licenses. The number at once jumped to 511,000, and this year it is estimated at 538,000.. As the adult male population of . France is hardly more than 16,000,000, it ap pears that about one man in every thirty goes hunting. But besides the hunters 1 with li censee there is an organized, body of poachers, who devastate the woods and fields' and marshes by all sorts of Illegitimate methods. The demand for game in Paris Is enormous and nne prices aro paid ror it. But besides the pot hunters and the poachers there are other causes for the decrease in France's game supply. There is a plague of rats In the country, and it is said that the supply of partridges or pheasants would vanish on account of the de struction of their egg by the vermin were it not ror consxani stociung. As a final cause of the depletion of the supply there are the battues which French sportsmen have adopt ed in imitation of the English. At a battue given-last year near Paris, In honor of a royal visitor, 15,000 car tridges were burned and 4,802 pieces of game were brought down in four hours, . .. . On another occasion the President of the Republic and King Victor Em manuel of Italy, shot 681 birds and animals, ranging from deer to rabbits and from partridges to quail. In a private shoot on the estate of Mont calm in Qard, in the south of France held last January, twelve guns brought down in a day 483 red par tridges, 1,324 pheasants and 5S 'rab bits. In the north of France the normal bag of an individual without beaters is regarded as fifteen to twenty pieces for a seven-hour day of tramping and shooting behind a dog, though a Very expert shot In privately stocked and preserved land might get from 50 to ,100 at the .opening of the season. In Brittany it is not unusual for a good shot to get from twenty-five to thirty woodcock in a day. Recently the head of the Syndicate of game commission merchants fn the Part's markets drew up ah estimate by weight of the game brought in from all the various departments ''for the nine years from 1898 to 1906 In clusive. The leading one was Loife-et-Cher, in the center of the country, with over 324,000 pounds of game, followed by Lolret, Just north of it, with 320,000 pounds. The sportsmen's societies offer sev eral means of checking the slaughter of game. One is to insist on each hunter taking out a separate license for each department in which he hunts. This would make pot hunting expensive. Another is to divide the country into districts of about equal extent and each year pick out certain ones, amounting to one-sixth of the whole surface, in which no hunting should be allowed. The objection to these and other plans comes hot only from the dealers, but also from the fear of politicians that they would be unpop lar with the half million and more of voters who now go .out slaughter ing during the winter. Charleston News and Courier. PROBABLY FATAL FIGHT. Waterbury Men Wind Vp Cringing Bout With Quarrel. Wterbury,' Oct. 13. Early this morn ing the police were called to the north end where they found Thomas Conaty, a laborer, Weeding profusely from a wound in the temple aa a result of a fight with William Kelly, the famous "Red" Kelly of police notoriety. -' Conaty is not expwjted to live at the hospital where he was removed and Kelly Is safely lodged, m Jan. Both men were in Conaty's house alone and had been drinkln before their quarrel. Kelly has a long criminal record and Is a powerfulnian of 220 pounds while Conaty js siigm oi duuu. MAKE IMMIGRANTS FARMERS. Dr. Krauskopf advises the Jewish charity organizations to use their funds in purchasing large tracts of land and In" starting agricultural set tlements. He Is right So long aa cheap labor is needed numerous immigrants can be put to work under contractors, but when, in time of depression, capi tol is locked up, what is to become of the tens upon tents of thousands who are now living from nand to mouth? The congested slums cannot' afford them -a habitation. Already over crowded with all sorts of peoples, the sweatshops cannot always feed them. Even now, to quote the doctor, "there are annually born and reared thous ands who scarcely kfiow the meaning of fresh air, of clean environment," And yet there is room in the country for every abie-bodled man who can turn his hand to the plow. Agricultur ists are wanted. - Tnere is an open door for all comers. If immigrants can be kept out of the slums and divert ed to the green fields, there they will And health and wealth, for there is a market for the yields of the farms and the west and south are calling for help. LARGE AND MUSCULAR. (Monehegan Letter to Lowiston Jour nal.) A peculiar fish hS been in the wa ters near the Island of Monhegan, which vxctted the curiosity ot several fisher men. They made a determined effort lo capture the monster. A few days ago someof the fishermen from the is land first saw a huge fin above the water and Investigated, finding that thu fin was attached to a fish of enormous size, the role was Jabbed in the body without disturbing the bier fish to anv extent, a line wns made fast to the pole and this enabled the men to keep up an attachment with the fish trll a harpoon was brought frorrttha shore. It wati the Intention of the fishermen to strike the creature In the head, but tliey misjudged its loneth and the har poon was buried in a fleshy part of the body. This caused the fish to swing its tan out oi tna water. One of the men in a dory was !unt within reach and was nearly knocked overboard. The men say the full forcn ot the blow would have destroved the dory. The Islanders stayed by the fish until aarK, ana after they had put. out a light found that this attracted the huge creature, which came swimming directly for them. They were obliged to extinguish the lantern tuicl cave up the Intended capture. BIRTHDAY SURPRISE. Friends Present Gift to Mrs. Steele and Aro Entertained. Mrs. Laura M. Steele, W. C. T. TJ. State superintendent of scientific tem perance in the schools, whose home is on Fountain street Wostville, was tendered a delightful surprise party at her home Wednesday evening., A large party ,of friends from local unions went out from the city and surprisetl her," it being her birthday, A pleasant evening was spent with sing ing and speech making. Mr. Nettleton on behalf of the cbm pany presented Mrs. Steele with ap propriate words, a large reading gloss. Mrs, Steele responded In a happy way., r A, dainty collation was served. Among those present were: Mr. Nettleton, Miss Ida Nettleton, Miss Cross, Mrs. Nellie W. Brlniey, Mr. Harry Brinley, Mrs. McBride, Mrs. Fowler, Mrs; Wolvern, Mr. v and Mrs. Beers, Miss Ralston, Mrs. Cruger, Miss Lillian1 Nesblt, Miss Adeline Wolvern and Mrs. Steele. .' . Do Your Meals Fit? Do Yon Feci Snug and Uncomfortable Around Your Waist Line After a Hearty Meal?, Did your last meal taste delielously good to you, and. did you eat all you wanted? Could you have patted your rotundity in glee and felt proud of your appetite and of your good, strong stomach? Do you feel rosy now be cause your last meal gave you no in convenience whatever? If not, you have dyspepsia in some form, and probably never realized it. If you have the leasts trouble In your stomach after eating, ho matter how little or how muoh you eat, there is trouble brewing and you must correct it at once. Most ' all stomach troubles come from poor, weak, scanty gastric Juice, that precious liquid which ought to turn your food into rich, red blood. If you have nausea your gastric Juice is weak. If you have sour ris ings or belchings your food is fer menting; your gastric Juice is weak. If you have loss of appetite your gas tric Juice is weak. If you have a bloaty feeling of aversion to food your gastric Juice is weak. You need something in your stom ach to supply the gastric Juice, which is scanty, snfl to give power to the weak gastric Juice. Stuart's Dyspep sia Tablets do this very thing. Now think one grain of one of the Ingredients of these wonderful little tablets digests 8,600 grains of food. They are several times more powerful than the gastric Juice in a good, strong, powerful stomach. They actu ally digest your food for you. Be sides, they Increase the flow of gastric Juice, Just what you need to get all the good possible out of everything you eat. You will never have that "lump of lead" In your stomach, nor any other stomach trouble, after taking Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets. Then everything you eat will be digested, it will give you strength, vim, energy and a "rosy disposition. You'll feel good all around your waist line after every meal, and It will make you feel good all over. Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets will make you feel happy after eating a good, hearty meal. Take one, or two after eating. You'll feel fine then your meals will fit, no matter what or when you eat. We want to send you a sample package ot Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets free of charge, so you can test them ymirself and be convinced. After yOtt tare tried the sample you will be so satisfied that you will go to the near est drag store and gt a BO-cent box. Send tis your name and address to day and we will at once send you by mail a sample package free. Address F. A. Stuart Cp., 150 Stuart Building, uarsnau, AUa. SOME OLD WAYS ' OF FIRE-IK How They Struck a Light in Primitive Times. STICKS, FLINT, STEEL First Practical Match Made Less Than a Cen tury Ago. Looking around upon the civilized races of mankind to-day, one's imag ination is sorely taxed to picture a time when the ready means of striking a light was not available. Yet It is cer tain' that such a time must' have been far back in the dim ages, when man roamed the wlld3 and dwelt in holes and caves of the earth, scarcely more advanced in his domestic arrangements than the beasts of tho field, writes Per cy Collins in the Scientific American. In what manner the value of fire as a servant flrut dawned upon the mind of man muKt ever remain mysterious, but at all times there must have been fires and great conflagrations kindled ( by natural means ana entirely without the aid of man. Thus, the effect of the lightning stroke, of friction caused by falling , rooks, or the chafing of limbs and stems In the dense forests, or the volcanic overflow of the smouldering furnaces within the globe would from time t.i time display the properties of fire before the wondering: eyes of prim itive mankind. ' Probably man first feared fire, then began tii worship it as a god terrible and omnipotent to destroy. Then, his fear departing from him, he began .to empby firr to benefit himself and his tribe, using it for cooking and warmth. Notice that he did not at first make fire. He took it from Nature's hand, so to speak, Just as he gathered fruit from the forest boughs. There is direct evidence of this in the traditional. his tory of many races. For example, the T'llsnglt family of Indians in south eastern Alaska say that the raven gave them fire, and have an elaborate folk lore descriptive of the bird and Its flight through inky' darkness bearing the divine spark in. a box. The fire was religiously preserved and fed; and members of the tribe took of it for their domestic hearths. These and sim ilar fables of the preservation of fire in a bo, and its being borne from tribe to tribe, or family to family, are reminiscent of the unquestionable fact that man knew and employed Are long before he had discovered the means of making it for himself. Probably the first assays of man as a fire maker wero confined to the fric tion of sticks. There are Just three ways in which one piece of wood may be rubbed upon another, namely, by moving with the grain, or "ploughing"; by moving across the grain, or "saw ing," and by twirling a pointed stick within a wooden socket, .or "drilling." All these methods have been used by early man. Neither the ,flret nor the second method, however was brought to a high state of perfection of, to be more precise, they both reached per fection In rudimentary form. The Are blow, which was widely used among the Indo-Pacific races and sporadically In America, consist of two parts; first, a stout piece of tharoghly dried wood perhaps threo feet long and two inches in diameter, which forlns the hearth or stationary part; second, a smaller stick, of the same kind of wood about a foot long, cut wedge shape at its lower end, the edge forming a very ob tuse angle. This constitutes the work ing part, or plough. It was rubbed vio lently backward and forward on the stationary piece, cutting a groove run ning with the grain for a distance of some four Inches. Minutes shavings were thus detached, and in the hands of a skillful manipulator these were soon heated above the point Of ignition. Fire making toy sawing was a Malay device and has never perhaps been suc cessfully employed eave in countries where the bamboo flourishes, the rea son being that bamboo is the only real ly suitable wood. Two pieces are tak pen, ono with a shatp edge, the other with a notch cut hi it nearly but not quite severing the substance. After sawing for a time the floor of the notch is completely pierced and the heated particles fall 'below and Ignite. But the most important method of primitive fire making Is that of drill ing. In Its most simple form a stick of dry wood is twirled vertically between the hands upon a very dry and partial ly decayed lowerplatform. Itlsextrcme- ly difficult to obtain flro In this way, 1 as modern experimenters may prove for themselves. Yet there ia a certain ' knack about the operation, and this once being mastered smouldering wood dust may be created with comparative ly little labor. It is clear, however, that the fire drill could be made more ef fective and rapid In action in several ways. One such way calls for the co operation of two individuals, one 1 of whom supports the vertical spindle by means of a socketed rod, while the oth er wraps a cord about the spindle and pulls it backward and forward as rap idly as possible. A further complication of the Are drill was the application of the ' bow stringsimilar to tho drilling' appliance ui5ed by the Jeweler. The socketed rest for the vertical shaft was then held by ono hand, while the thong was al ternately pulled and slackened with the other. Thus a saving of labor was at tained. The forerunners of the comparatively modern flint and steel as a means of striking a light were flint and pyrites, or two pieces of pyrites. These were struck- together and the sparks thus generated were caught among a little dry moss. The Esquimaux from Smith Sound to Boring Strait uso this meth od. A very complete strike-a-light set, including flint, pyrites, tinder in daUity little bags and a leather pad to guard tho fingers, comes from Cape 6ath urst. Evans points also to Ftlegla and the European archaeological sltea for the antlcjuity ot tW method. Modern forms of the flint and steel are well known, to most people from j examples preserved, in musattms. Pho- jitographa fNieveral of the mor' inter- WINTER IS HERE'S SOMETHING f both Pay and Meht r3 This boss" of the heating plant looks after your comfort, stands guard over your coal bin and safeguards the family from colds due to uneven temperature in the home. i 3i mm life mm IPf The Jeel! Contr- with Tias Clock attacte: Is the only device that automatically provides for a higher temperature la the morning without losing thermostatic control through the night. , - For example: ' ' Suppose you want to reduce the temperature ot the house to 60 degrees during the night, but would like to have it at 70 degrees by the time the family arises. Before retiring, you set back the controller to 60 degrees. Then you set the time clock attachment to bring the tem perature up to 70 at seven o'clock. , V In spite of any sudden changes out-doors during the night, the Controller will maintain the temperature you wish, and the faithful cjoclc will open the drafts in time to give you the desired warmth in the morning. , And then all day the Controller goes right on keeping trflSii.SJfiiftJS.i-' y;ur nouso warmed It is adapted for Why not unload and save money too ? investigate this wonderful device. . Shown and sold by ! THE BUCKINGHAM-ROUTH COMPANY, 151 Court Street. eating varieties are here reproduced. There is the very old type of wooden box, perhaps' the earliest strike-a-lfeht sot made by civilized mankind. With this are certain small angular pieces of stout paper, the tlpB of which are dip ped In sulphur. Thege are the most primitive kind of match known. They were usedfor generating a flame, by application to the smouldering tinder. Genufne specimens of these matches are now extremely rare, though "fak ed" ones are often offered, for sale by dishonest dealers in curios, . Another and more compact type of tinder box ia of metal. In the bottom is seen the Old dry rag,1 used as tinder, and upon this the flint and stetel re posed when the box was net in use. Still more interesting Is the ingenious strike a light jnads in the form of a pistol. The flint ie worked by the trig ger and strikes upon an upright plate of steel, throwing the sparks through an opening upon the tinder contained in a narrow box which takes the. place of what would be the barrel in the cage of a pistol. This, contrivance is a relic of the old stage coach days. By means of it a light could ba struck In a high wind. The matches-which' were then used were strips of thin in wood, the ends being dipped in sulphur. Cms other' tinder boi may be mention ed, namely, the ;."chamak" still in use among1 tjte Himalayan tribes. It Is a little leathern .pouch containing flint and tinder, while the steel is a strip of metal riveted along one (side of the poudhi It 19 of small size, euit abl0 to be carried about the person. In conclusion we may dwell briefly upon the developments of the match proper as perfected by civilized man. Phosphorus was discovered by Brandt In the seventeenth century, and was used as a means of obtaining Are shortly afterward. But its costliness. torether with the danger attending Its use, militated against its popularity. But in the year 1805 tho Parisian chan cel introduced the so-called oxymurl- ate match. It was a slip of wood tipped with a mixture of chlorate of potash, sugar and gum, To Ignite it the match was thrust into a bottle containing a piece of asbestos saturated with sul phuric acid an. awkward arrangement, especially in the dark. Then came the "Promethean" match es, Whose career was short lived. They were a kind Of paper cigarette, dipped in a mixture of sugar and chlorate of potash. Rolled within the paper was a .tiny glass bulb filled with sulphuric acid. To strike these matches "the tip was compreseed between the teeth or pliers. By thte means the bulb was broken, the acid liberated and subse quent, chemical, action caused Ignition of the paper. The first really practical lucifer match, however, Was Invented by John Walker of ' Stockton-on-Tees In 1827, and by him named after Sir William 360 For Indoor COMING ON. YOU WANT TO READ. 4 k ' just right. use with steam, hot water or hot air. your heating worries on the 'Jewell" Congreve of rocket fame. It consisted of a splint of wood, first tipped with . sulphur and then with a chlorate mix ture. These matches were drawn rap idly through a piece of folded sand pa per to Ignite them.. It is curious to note that a tin box containing seven dozen of them,' together with the neces sary bit of sandpaper, cost one shilling. Finally, after endless experimenting inspired by handsome prizes offered by America, England and other enlighten ed countries, the non-nhosDhorus safe ty match was brought into being, put ting tne top stone, as it were, upon man's monumental struesrle with . th problem of striking a light. It is a curious commentary on the old world's slowness of inventive gen ius that the first practical match should have bean , made lesa than a century ago. i HIGH VATJDEYIMJE SALARIES. Of all people who work for their living, vaudeville performers are the ' best paid. Of three-fourths, yes, seven-eighths, of the traveling theatrical companies, the whoie salary list does hot amount to $2,690 a tyeek, and yet , In vaudeville that much Is paid' to one V performer who gives an eighth of the performance.; It is' true that a $2,500 a week performer doesn't appear of ten in any one theater, but. an act that costs 1,000 a week hag become the rule rather than the exception in every bill, while a great majority of the acts cost from $250 to $500, and ih the best vaudeville houses no act costs less than $75 a week. "Chasers," employed .to drive audiences out of hduses giving continuous perform ances, get that much. In the good vaudeville houses, the salary list of performers ranges from $2,500 to $4, 000 a week, and the maximum is 6ald more' often than the minimum. Occasionally the cost will run to $5 000 a. Wdfik. The standard in Drasti cally every first class vaudeville house in the country is $3,200 a week, and each manager ' tries to keep as close to that as possible. It has been found that this will provide an attrac tive bill and yet leave a. fair margin, of profit. Everybody's. Cocaine wMch dulls the nerves never yet cured Nasal Catarrh. The heavy feeling 'In the forehead, the x Biuueu up sensation ana tne watery discharge' from eyes and nose, along with all the other miseries attending the dieease, are put to rout by Ely's Cream Balm. Smell, taste and hearing is restored; breathingis normal. Until you try this remedy you can form no idea of the good it will do you. Is ap plied directly to the sore spot. All druggists, 50c. Mailed by Ely Bros., 56 Warren street, New York. CANDLE POWEI GAS LIGHT i Cents Per Hour. PRICES REDUCED. Gas Arc, $5. . Outdoor Gas Arc, oner MAINTENANCE. ' Mantles furnished and Gas Arc Lamps cleaned twice each month for 20 cents per lamp per month. Ad vance payment of $2.00 per lamp will secure service for 12 consecutive months. We fnrnlsh competent men for tills work, which means clean lamps, perfect IigMtng, and money saved for you. " The New Haven Gas Light Co, Salesroom 63 Crown Street.