NEW- HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, MONDAY, OCTOBER H, 1907.
Connecticut Mutual Life
Ambitious More to Put
Civil War Officers on
;Speclal Journal-Courier News Service.)
Ha'rtford, Oct. 11. Insurance
Commissioner MacDonald is conduct
ing the quadrennial examination of
the Connecticut Life Insurance com
pany and will finish it In November.
The examination has been in progress
four months. The quadrennial ex
amination for Connecticut companies
" In 1908 will come up in regular order.
Commissioner Macdonald, who has
een hV office since July 1, has made
good Impression In the department.
Hie pVedecessor in the- office', Ther-
n Upson Is living on his farm In
Bhelton and Is having all the comfort
which that kind of lffe can afford. He
was In Hartford at the last meeting
f the Andersonville monument com
mission of which he is a member. The
commission has completed arrange
ments for the dedication of the monu
ment on Wednesday, October 23. The
jaty of 100, which will attend the
event, Will leave New Haven at 1
o'clock, Monday, October 21, and will
arrive In Andersonville at 11 p. m.
(Tuesday, October 22. colonel PVank
iW. Cheney of the Sixteenth Connecti
cut is the president of one commission
and la In favor of the simplest ceremonies-
at the dedication, ihe cost
to the State all told will be $18,500.
The number of Connecticut men who
died at Andersonville and In memory
of whom the monument has been
erected, Was 314. The Boston sculptor,
Eela I Pratt, who made the design Is
native of Norwich.
President Andrew Kingsbury of the
Permanent FarmeVs' Alliance in the
General Assembly will not call a
nieeting this year. He i considering
the advisability of Inviting the mem
bers of. Farmers' associations in past
General Assemblies ta attend the first
meeting of the Permanent Alliance in
1908. That course will probably be
adopted. No lines of work have yet
toeen laid out for the alliance.
i One thing has been lost sight of In
the political forecasts tot 1908. This
lost parcel Is the history of Gov
ernor Bulkeley's determination in
il890 to be renominated. He was In
the last six months 'of his term of of
fice, which had been characterized by '
eminent services. . The Republican
caucus In Hartford which elected del
egates to the State convention was
'held, September 10, and the conven
tion -was held September 17, 1S90 in
New Haven. The HartfoVd delegates
... iwere General Henry C D wight, , the
Hon. John R. Hills, Charles J. Cole
. and h.' B. Plimpton, all past masters
In political management. Governor
OBulkeley went into the convention
with his heart set on securing a re
nomination. United States Senator
Piatt was chairman. Samuel E. Mer
iwin of New Haven, Lieutenant Gov-"
ernor, was the aspirant for leadership
on the ticket. An informal ballot
i was ordered. The number of votes
east was 448. Of these Lieutenant
Governor Merwin had 898 and Gov
ernor Bulkeley 51. Since the conven
tion of 1890 no governor of the State
has been in a Republican convention
as a candidate for a second term.
The talk that Senator McGoveVn
wilt not be a candidate for the office
of mayor of Hartford, succeeding
Mayor William F. Henney has not a
particle of foundation in fact. Sena
tor McGovern is a candidate for that
office and will have a large and effective-
support throughout the city. He
has carried the Secohd senatorial dis
itVlct twice with ample pluralities and
received a larger vote by 288 last
November than Senator Luther re
ceived In the First district Certainly
Senator McGovern's political strength
' in Hartford makes him a formidable
An organization of field staff and
line volunteer officers of the Civil
war together with general officers
with the object of supporting a bill
In congress placing the volunteers on
a retired list at half pay has been
effected in the State. The headquart
ers are in New Haven and General A.
J-I. Bmbler of the Southern New Eng
land Telephone company Is the treas
urer. There areNthirty volunteer offi
cers in this city, who are eligible to
membership In the organization. Pa
pors have been received here from
'.die New Haven body foV signatures.
Every city and town in the State will
be canvassed in the interest of the
new organization. The volunteer Te-
Suit the Interest of your business
Your Choice will be Intelligent
HOW MUCH IS SATISFACTION WORTH TO YOU?
Do you prefer methods now
going out of date or up-to-date
methods that will carry far into
the future ? .
A typewriter made just good
enough to sell or the L. C Smith
& Bros. TrPEWRiTER, with every
useful, valuable feature inbuilt
and Writing ENTIRELY in
LET US SEND YOU THE ILLUSTRATED CATALOG U K
L. C. SMITH a BROS. TYPEWRITER CO.
no. an isroaaway, new York.
New Haven Branch,
tired list would be one of the honored
lists of the Civil war. The project Is
under consideration In the different
States of the Union.
THE COST IX BLOOD.
Startling Figures of lives Lost In
the Russian Revolution.
The cost of the Russian revolution
so far in disorders and bloodshed has
been .computed by the statistician,
Drzhankoff, who finds that it has
swallowed 19,144 lives. In addition,
21,405 persons have been wounded.
Thirteen hundred and fifty prisoners
have committed suicide and 2,381
have been executed. But the balance
on that account has been on the side
of the revolutionists, who have as
sassinated eighty-three generals or
goevrnors, sixty-one prefects, and 8,
079 other officials. It would appear
from these appalling figures that if
the members of the Russian bureau
cracy were thinking entirely about
their own personal interests they
would all Join the liberal movement,
they take risks now that make their
occupation more hazardous than that
of coal miners, firemen or workers in
The statistician has kept count of
7,962 riots against the Jews and 4,540
against Armenians. The decay of
discipline in the armed forces of the
State is luridly illuminated by the re
cord of 22,193 mutinies.
The chief difficulty in the way of
forming an intelligent opinion about
Russian affairs Is the uncertainty
whether any given piece of news from
that region is true. A curious illus
tration of the untrustworthlness of a
great-part of this Information was
given when a series of dispatches told
witah a, wealth of corroborative de
tail how the Kishinef mob, incited by
a band of rufflians from Odessa, broke
loose on the night of September 8, In
a massacre that cost the live of eight
: Jews, and how many of the victims
were driven into a blazinz lumber
yard and burned to death. But when
the America Jewish committee cabled
inquiries it learned that the stories
had been works of the imagination
and that there had been no new mas
sacres at Kishinef at all. Samuel
"Moffett in Collier's.
THE IIEAL FRIENDSHIP.
It Is often said that it Is the duty
and privilege of a friend to warn his
friend faithfully against his faults. I
believe that this is a wholly mistaken
principle. The essence o fthe situa
tion is rather a cordial partnership of
which the basis is liberty. What I
mean by liberty is not a freedom
from responsibility, but an absence of
obligation. I do not, of course, mean
that one Is to take all one can get and
give as little as one likes, but rather
that one must respect one's friend
enough and that la Implied In the es
tablishment of the relation to ab
stain from directing him, unless he
desires and asks for direction. The
telling of faults may be safely left to
hostile critics, and to what Sheridan
calls "d d good-natured" acquaint
ances. . But the friend must take for
granted that his friend desires, in a
general way, what Is good and true,
even though he may pursue it on dif
ferent lines. One's duty is to en
courage and believe in one's friend,
not to disapprove of and to censure
him. One loves him for what he is,
not for what he migh be if he
would only take one's advice. The
point is that It must be all a free gift
not avnutual Improvement society
unless, indeed, that Is the basis of the
compact After all, a man can only
feel responsible to God. Qne goes
astray, no' doubt, like a sheep that is
lost;, but it is not the duty of another
sheep to butt one back Into the right
way, unless, indeed, one appeals for
help. One may have pastors and di
rectors, but they can never be equal
friends. If there is to be superiority
in friendship, the lesser must .willing
ly crown the greater; the greater
must not ask to be crowned. The se
cure friendship fs that which begins
in comradeship and moves Into a
more generous and emotional region.
Then there is no need to' demand or
to question loyalty, because the tie
has been welded by many a simple
deed, many a frank word. The ideal
is a perfect frankness and sincerity,
which lays bare the soul as it is, with
out any false shame or any 'fear of
misunderstanding. A friendship of
this kind can be one of the purest,
brightest, and strongest things in the
world. Tet how rare it is! Arthur
C. Benson In Putnam's Magazine.
VICTIM OP PTOMAINE POISONING.
New Britain, Oct. 3. William. Henry
Riey, aged seventy-two years, died of
ptomaine poisoning .ast night. Mr.
Riey ate some canned salmon Friday
night and was taken dangerously m a
few hours later". For the past seven
years he had been superintendent of
the Riley & Beckney company's big
plant here and was an expert chemist.
He leaves a widow.
No. 67 Center Street.
THEKILLING CF GAME .
RECKLESS IN FRANCE
Pot Hunters, Poachers and
Battues Reduce the
BIG PRICES IN PARIS
Half a Million Licensed Gun
ners This Year Are
The hunting season ; begins in
France in September, and this year,
as for several past, there is an outcry
all over the country at the reckless
, wholesale destruction of game. Some
! of the sporting clubs have taken up
ttie matter in the hope of finding a
I They have an odd way of starting
the season in France, The entire
territory is divided into zones, each
I containing a number of departments,
in which the climate is similar and
' the crops mature and are harvested
about the same time. The depart-
j ment of the interior at Paris keeps
track of conditions in each of these
and sets the date for the opening for
a day in. advance of which it is esti
mated the farmers will have got theif
I crops all In.
Then the prefects and "the mayors
make proclamation and the gunners
of all France are at liberty to rush in
and begin the slaughter at daybreak
of the appointed date. And they do.
They have to rush in fact, If they
mean to fill their bags, for the crowd
is so great that every living thing is
either killed in a day or two or rend
ered so timid as to be Undiscoverable,
All the railroad companies ruji spe
cial trains to points in the open zones
and for twenty-four hours In advance
the army with its dogs and guns
pours into the threatened region.
The growth of the shooting habit in
France is shown by the number of
permits issued. In 1830 there were
only 44,500 in all France; in 1850
there were 150,000; In 1880 there
were 850,000, and more than 430,000
In ,1905 the authorities compelled
those who catch larks and other small
birda with snares for the market to
take out licenses. The number at
once jumped to 511,000, and this year
it is estimated at 538,000.. As the
adult male population of . France is
hardly more than 16,000,000, it ap
pears that about one man in every
thirty goes hunting.
But besides the hunters 1 with li
censee there is an organized, body of
poachers, who devastate the woods
and fields' and marshes by all sorts of
Illegitimate methods. The demand
for game in Paris Is enormous and
nne prices aro paid ror it.
But besides the pot hunters and
the poachers there are other causes
for the decrease in France's game
supply. There is a plague of rats In
the country, and it is said that the
supply of partridges or pheasants
would vanish on account of the de
struction of their egg by the vermin
were it not ror consxani stociung.
As a final cause of the depletion of
the supply there are the battues
which French sportsmen have adopt
ed in imitation of the English. At a
battue given-last year near Paris, In
honor of a royal visitor, 15,000 car
tridges were burned and 4,802 pieces
of game were brought down in four
hours, . .. .
On another occasion the President
of the Republic and King Victor Em
manuel of Italy, shot 681 birds and
animals, ranging from deer to rabbits
and from partridges to quail. In a
private shoot on the estate of Mont
calm in Qard, in the south of France
held last January, twelve guns
brought down in a day 483 red par
tridges, 1,324 pheasants and 5S 'rab
In the north of France the normal
bag of an individual without beaters
is regarded as fifteen to twenty pieces
for a seven-hour day of tramping and
shooting behind a dog, though a Very
expert shot In privately stocked and
preserved land might get from 50 to
,100 at the .opening of the season. In
Brittany it is not unusual for a good
shot to get from twenty-five to thirty
woodcock in a day.
Recently the head of the Syndicate
of game commission merchants fn the
Part's markets drew up ah estimate
by weight of the game brought in
from all the various departments ''for
the nine years from 1898 to 1906 In
clusive. The leading one was Loife-et-Cher,
in the center of the country,
with over 324,000 pounds of game,
followed by Lolret, Just north of it,
with 320,000 pounds.
The sportsmen's societies offer sev
eral means of checking the slaughter
of game. One is to insist on each
hunter taking out a separate license
for each department in which he
hunts. This would make pot hunting
Another is to divide the country
into districts of about equal extent
and each year pick out certain ones,
amounting to one-sixth of the whole
surface, in which no hunting should
be allowed. The objection to these
and other plans comes hot only from
the dealers, but also from the fear of
politicians that they would be unpop
lar with the half million and more
of voters who now go .out slaughter
ing during the winter. Charleston
News and Courier.
PROBABLY FATAL FIGHT.
Waterbury Men Wind Vp Cringing
Bout With Quarrel.
Wterbury,' Oct. 13. Early this morn
ing the police were called to the north
end where they found Thomas Conaty,
a laborer, Weeding profusely from a
wound in the temple aa a result of a
fight with William Kelly, the famous
"Red" Kelly of police notoriety. -'
Conaty is not expwjted to live at the
hospital where he was removed and
Kelly Is safely lodged, m Jan. Both men
were in Conaty's house alone and had
been drinkln before their quarrel.
Kelly has a long criminal record and
Is a powerfulnian of 220 pounds while
Conaty js siigm oi duuu.
MAKE IMMIGRANTS FARMERS.
Dr. Krauskopf advises the Jewish
charity organizations to use their
funds in purchasing large tracts of
land and In" starting agricultural set
tlements. He Is right So long aa cheap
labor is needed numerous immigrants
can be put to work under contractors,
but when, in time of depression, capi
tol is locked up, what is to become of
the tens upon tents of thousands who
are now living from nand to mouth?
The congested slums cannot' afford
them -a habitation. Already over
crowded with all sorts of peoples, the
sweatshops cannot always feed them.
Even now, to quote the doctor, "there
are annually born and reared thous
ands who scarcely kfiow the meaning
of fresh air, of clean environment,"
And yet there is room in the country
for every abie-bodled man who can
turn his hand to the plow. Agricultur
ists are wanted. - Tnere is an open
door for all comers. If immigrants can
be kept out of the slums and divert
ed to the green fields, there they will
And health and wealth, for there is a
market for the yields of the farms and
the west and south are calling for
LARGE AND MUSCULAR.
(Monehegan Letter to Lowiston Jour
A peculiar fish hS been in the wa
ters near the Island of Monhegan, which
vxctted the curiosity ot several fisher
men. They made a determined effort
lo capture the monster. A few days
ago someof the fishermen from the is
land first saw a huge fin above the
water and Investigated, finding that thu
fin was attached to a fish of enormous
size, the role was Jabbed in the body
without disturbing the bier fish to anv
extent, a line wns made fast to the
pole and this enabled the men to keep
up an attachment with the fish trll a
harpoon was brought frorrttha shore.
It wati the Intention of the fishermen
to strike the creature In the head, but
tliey misjudged its loneth and the har
poon was buried in a fleshy part of the
body. This caused the fish to swing its
tan out oi tna water.
One of the men in a dory was !unt
within reach and was nearly knocked
overboard. The men say the full forcn
ot the blow would have destroved the
dory. The Islanders stayed by the fish
until aarK, ana after they had put. out
a light found that this attracted the
huge creature, which came swimming
directly for them. They were obliged
to extinguish the lantern tuicl cave up
the Intended capture.
Friends Present Gift to Mrs. Steele
and Aro Entertained.
Mrs. Laura M. Steele, W. C. T. TJ.
State superintendent of scientific tem
perance in the schools, whose home is
on Fountain street Wostville, was
tendered a delightful surprise party
at her home Wednesday evening., A
large party ,of friends from local
unions went out from the city and
surprisetl her," it being her birthday, A
pleasant evening was spent with sing
ing and speech making.
Mr. Nettleton on behalf of the cbm
pany presented Mrs. Steele with ap
propriate words, a large reading
gloss. Mrs, Steele responded In a
happy way., r A, dainty collation was
Among those present were: Mr.
Nettleton, Miss Ida Nettleton, Miss
Cross, Mrs. Nellie W. Brlniey, Mr.
Harry Brinley, Mrs. McBride, Mrs.
Fowler, Mrs; Wolvern, Mr. v and Mrs.
Beers, Miss Ralston, Mrs. Cruger,
Miss Lillian1 Nesblt, Miss Adeline
Wolvern and Mrs. Steele. .' .
Do Your Meals Fit?
Do Yon Feci Snug and Uncomfortable
Around Your Waist Line After
a Hearty Meal?,
Did your last meal taste delielously
good to you, and. did you eat all you
wanted? Could you have patted your
rotundity in glee and felt proud of
your appetite and of your good, strong
stomach? Do you feel rosy now be
cause your last meal gave you no in
convenience whatever? If not, you
have dyspepsia in some form, and
probably never realized it.
If you have the leasts trouble In your
stomach after eating, ho matter how
little or how muoh you eat, there is
trouble brewing and you must correct
it at once.
Most ' all stomach troubles come
from poor, weak, scanty gastric Juice,
that precious liquid which ought to
turn your food into rich, red blood.
If you have nausea your gastric
Juice is weak. If you have sour ris
ings or belchings your food is fer
menting; your gastric Juice is weak.
If you have loss of appetite your gas
tric Juice is weak. If you have a
bloaty feeling of aversion to food your
gastric Juice is weak.
You need something in your stom
ach to supply the gastric Juice, which
is scanty, snfl to give power to the
weak gastric Juice. Stuart's Dyspep
sia Tablets do this very thing.
Now think one grain of one of the
Ingredients of these wonderful little
tablets digests 8,600 grains of food.
They are several times more powerful
than the gastric Juice in a good,
strong, powerful stomach. They actu
ally digest your food for you. Be
sides, they Increase the flow of gastric
Juice, Just what you need to get all the
good possible out of everything you
eat. You will never have that "lump
of lead" In your stomach, nor any
other stomach trouble, after taking
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets. Then
everything you eat will be digested, it
will give you strength, vim, energy and
a "rosy disposition. You'll feel good all
around your waist line after every
meal, and It will make you feel good
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets will make
you feel happy after eating a good,
hearty meal. Take one, or two after
eating. You'll feel fine then your
meals will fit, no matter what or when
We want to send you a sample
package ot Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets
free of charge, so you can test them
ymirself and be convinced. After yOtt
tare tried the sample you will be so
satisfied that you will go to the near
est drag store and gt a BO-cent box.
Send tis your name and address to
day and we will at once send you by
mail a sample package free. Address
F. A. Stuart Cp., 150 Stuart Building,
SOME OLD WAYS '
How They Struck a Light
STICKS, FLINT, STEEL
First Practical Match Made
Less Than a Cen
Looking around upon the civilized
races of mankind to-day, one's imag
ination is sorely taxed to picture a time
when the ready means of striking a
light was not available. Yet It is cer
tain' that such a time must' have been
far back in the dim ages, when man
roamed the wlld3 and dwelt in holes
and caves of the earth, scarcely more
advanced in his domestic arrangements
than the beasts of tho field, writes Per
cy Collins in the Scientific American.
In what manner the value of fire as a
servant flrut dawned upon the mind of
man muKt ever remain mysterious, but
at all times there must have been fires
and great conflagrations kindled ( by
natural means ana entirely without the
aid of man. Thus, the effect of the
lightning stroke, of friction caused by
falling , rooks, or the chafing of limbs
and stems In the dense forests, or the
volcanic overflow of the smouldering
furnaces within the globe would from
time t.i time display the properties of
fire before the wondering: eyes of prim
' Probably man first feared fire, then
began tii worship it as a god terrible
and omnipotent to destroy. Then, his
fear departing from him, he began .to
empby firr to benefit himself and his
tribe, using it for cooking and warmth.
Notice that he did not at first make
fire. He took it from Nature's hand, so
to speak, Just as he gathered fruit
from the forest boughs. There is direct
evidence of this in the traditional. his
tory of many races. For example, the
T'llsnglt family of Indians in south
eastern Alaska say that the raven gave
them fire, and have an elaborate folk
lore descriptive of the bird and Its
flight through inky' darkness bearing
the divine spark in. a box. The fire was
religiously preserved and fed; and
members of the tribe took of it for
their domestic hearths. These and sim
ilar fables of the preservation of fire
in a bo, and its being borne from
tribe to tribe, or family to family, are
reminiscent of the unquestionable fact
that man knew and employed Are long
before he had discovered the means of
making it for himself.
Probably the first assays of man as
a fire maker wero confined to the fric
tion of sticks. There are Just three
ways in which one piece of wood may
be rubbed upon another, namely, by
moving with the grain, or "ploughing";
by moving across the grain, or "saw
ing," and by twirling a pointed stick
within a wooden socket, .or "drilling."
All these methods have been used by
early man. Neither the ,flret nor the
second method, however was brought
to a high state of perfection of, to be
more precise, they both reached per
fection In rudimentary form. The Are
blow, which was widely used among
the Indo-Pacific races and sporadically
In America, consist of two parts; first,
a stout piece of tharoghly dried wood
perhaps threo feet long and two inches
in diameter, which forlns the hearth
or stationary part; second, a smaller
stick, of the same kind of wood about
a foot long, cut wedge shape at its
lower end, the edge forming a very ob
tuse angle. This constitutes the work
ing part, or plough. It was rubbed vio
lently backward and forward on the
stationary piece, cutting a groove run
ning with the grain for a distance of
some four Inches. Minutes shavings
were thus detached, and in the hands
of a skillful manipulator these were
soon heated above the point Of ignition.
Fire making toy sawing was a Malay
device and has never perhaps been suc
cessfully employed eave in countries
where the bamboo flourishes, the rea
son being that bamboo is the only real
ly suitable wood. Two pieces are tak
pen, ono with a shatp edge, the other
with a notch cut hi it nearly but not
quite severing the substance. After
sawing for a time the floor of the notch
is completely pierced and the heated
particles fall 'below and Ignite.
But the most important method of
primitive fire making Is that of drill
ing. In Its most simple form a stick of
dry wood is twirled vertically between
the hands upon a very dry and partial
ly decayed lowerplatform. Itlsextrcme-
ly difficult to obtain flro In this way, 1
as modern experimenters may prove
for themselves. Yet there ia a certain '
knack about the operation, and this
once being mastered smouldering wood
dust may be created with comparative
ly little labor. It is clear, however, that
the fire drill could be made more ef
fective and rapid In action in several
ways. One such way calls for the co
operation of two individuals, one 1 of
whom supports the vertical spindle by
means of a socketed rod, while the oth
er wraps a cord about the spindle and
pulls it backward and forward as rap
idly as possible.
A further complication of the Are
drill was the application of the ' bow
stringsimilar to tho drilling' appliance
ui5ed by the Jeweler. The socketed rest
for the vertical shaft was then held
by ono hand, while the thong was al
ternately pulled and slackened with the
other. Thus a saving of labor was at
tained. The forerunners of the comparatively
modern flint and steel as a means of
striking a light were flint and pyrites,
or two pieces of pyrites. These were
struck- together and the sparks thus
generated were caught among a little
dry moss. The Esquimaux from Smith
Sound to Boring Strait uso this meth
od. A very complete strike-a-light set,
including flint, pyrites, tinder in daUity
little bags and a leather pad to guard
tho fingers, comes from Cape 6ath
urst. Evans points also to Ftlegla and
the European archaeological sltea for
the antlcjuity ot tW method.
Modern forms of the flint and steel
are well known, to most people from
j examples preserved, in musattms. Pho-
jitographa fNieveral of the mor' inter-
f both Pay and Meht
This boss" of the heating plant looks after
your comfort, stands guard over your coal bin and
safeguards the family from colds due to uneven
temperature in the home.
The Jeel! Contr-
with Tias Clock attacte:
Is the only device that automatically provides for a higher
temperature la the morning without losing thermostatic
control through the night. , -
For example: ' '
Suppose you want to reduce the temperature ot the
house to 60 degrees during the night, but would like to
have it at 70 degrees by the time the family arises.
Before retiring, you set back the controller to 60 degrees.
Then you set the time clock attachment to bring the tem
perature up to 70 at seven o'clock. , V
In spite of any sudden changes out-doors during the
night, the Controller will maintain the temperature you
wish, and the faithful cjoclc will open the drafts in time to
give you the desired warmth in the morning. ,
And then all day the Controller goes right on keeping
y;ur nouso warmed
It is adapted for
Why not unload
and save money too ?
investigate this wonderful device. .
Shown and sold by !
THE BUCKINGHAM-ROUTH COMPANY,
151 Court Street.
eating varieties are here reproduced.
There is the very old type of wooden
box, perhaps' the earliest strike-a-lfeht
sot made by civilized mankind. With
this are certain small angular pieces of
stout paper, the tlpB of which are dip
ped In sulphur. Thege are the most
primitive kind of match known. They
were usedfor generating a flame, by
application to the smouldering tinder.
Genufne specimens of these matches
are now extremely rare, though "fak
ed" ones are often offered, for sale by
dishonest dealers in curios, .
Another and more compact type of
tinder box ia of metal. In the bottom
is seen the Old dry rag,1 used as tinder,
and upon this the flint and stetel re
posed when the box was net in use.
Still more interesting Is the ingenious
strike a light jnads in the form of a
pistol. The flint ie worked by the trig
ger and strikes upon an upright plate
of steel, throwing the sparks through
an opening upon the tinder contained
in a narrow box which takes the. place
of what would be the barrel in the
cage of a pistol. This, contrivance is a
relic of the old stage coach days. By
means of it a light could ba struck In
a high wind. The matches-which' were
then used were strips of thin in
wood, the ends being dipped in sulphur.
Cms other' tinder boi may be mention
ed, namely, the ;."chamak" still in
use among1 tjte Himalayan tribes. It
Is a little leathern .pouch containing
flint and tinder, while the steel is a
strip of metal riveted along one (side
of the poudhi It 19 of small size, euit
abl0 to be carried about the person.
In conclusion we may dwell briefly
upon the developments of the match
proper as perfected by civilized man.
Phosphorus was discovered by Brandt
In the seventeenth century, and was
used as a means of obtaining Are
shortly afterward. But its costliness.
torether with the danger attending Its
use, militated against its popularity.
But in the year 1805 tho Parisian chan
cel introduced the so-called oxymurl-
ate match. It was a slip of wood tipped
with a mixture of chlorate of potash,
sugar and gum, To Ignite it the match
was thrust into a bottle containing
a piece of asbestos saturated with sul
phuric acid an. awkward arrangement,
especially in the dark.
Then came the "Promethean" match
es, Whose career was short lived. They
were a kind Of paper cigarette, dipped
in a mixture of sugar and chlorate of
potash. Rolled within the paper was a
.tiny glass bulb filled with sulphuric
acid. To strike these matches "the tip
was compreseed between the teeth or
pliers. By thte means the bulb was
broken, the acid liberated and subse
quent, chemical, action caused Ignition
of the paper.
The first really practical lucifer
match, however, Was Invented by John
Walker of ' Stockton-on-Tees In 1827,
and by him named after Sir William
YOU WANT TO READ.
' just right.
use with steam, hot water or hot air.
your heating worries on the 'Jewell"
Congreve of rocket fame. It consisted
of a splint of wood, first tipped with .
sulphur and then with a chlorate mix
ture. These matches were drawn rap
idly through a piece of folded sand pa
per to Ignite them.. It is curious to
note that a tin box containing seven
dozen of them,' together with the neces
sary bit of sandpaper, cost one shilling.
Finally, after endless experimenting
inspired by handsome prizes offered by
America, England and other enlighten
ed countries, the non-nhosDhorus safe
ty match was brought into being, put
ting tne top stone, as it were, upon
man's monumental struesrle with . th
problem of striking a light.
It is a curious commentary on the
old world's slowness of inventive gen
ius that the first practical match
should have bean , made lesa than a
century ago. i
HIGH VATJDEYIMJE SALARIES.
Of all people who work for their
living, vaudeville performers are the '
best paid. Of three-fourths, yes, seven-eighths,
of the traveling theatrical
companies, the whoie salary list does
hot amount to $2,690 a tyeek, and yet ,
In vaudeville that much Is paid' to one V
performer who gives an eighth of the
performance.; It is' true that a $2,500
a week performer doesn't appear of
ten in any one theater, but. an act
that costs 1,000 a week hag become
the rule rather than the exception in
every bill, while a great majority of
the acts cost from $250 to $500, and
ih the best vaudeville houses no act
costs less than $75 a week. "Chasers,"
employed .to drive audiences out of
hduses giving continuous perform
ances, get that much. In the good
vaudeville houses, the salary list of
performers ranges from $2,500 to $4,
000 a week, and the maximum is
6ald more' often than the minimum.
Occasionally the cost will run to $5
000 a. Wdfik. The standard in Drasti
cally every first class vaudeville house
in the country is $3,200 a week, and
each manager ' tries to keep as close
to that as possible. It has been
found that this will provide an attrac
tive bill and yet leave a. fair margin,
of profit. Everybody's.
Cocaine wMch dulls the nerves
never yet cured Nasal Catarrh. The
heavy feeling 'In the forehead, the x
Biuueu up sensation ana tne watery
discharge' from eyes and nose, along
with all the other miseries attending
the dieease, are put to rout by Ely's
Cream Balm. Smell, taste and hearing
is restored; breathingis normal. Until
you try this remedy you can form no
idea of the good it will do you. Is ap
plied directly to the sore spot. All
druggists, 50c. Mailed by Ely Bros.,
56 Warren street, New York.
i Cents Per Hour.
Gas Arc, $5.
. Outdoor Gas Arc,
' Mantles furnished and Gas Arc
Lamps cleaned twice each month for
20 cents per lamp per month. Ad
vance payment of $2.00 per lamp will
secure service for 12 consecutive
months. We fnrnlsh competent men
for tills work, which means clean
lamps, perfect IigMtng, and money
saved for you. "
The New Haven Gas Light Co,
Salesroom 63 Crown Street.
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