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MEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, MONDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1907.
This Is a Reliable THE BEST OF MILLINERY. It Is always safe to buy Millinery here, because everything to - be found in our stock if absolutely the best of its kind. Xothin? trashy ever finds a place on our shelves or counters. AVhether you purchase a bit of trimming or a hat. you receive an article guaran teed to be satisfactory and worth every cent of the price you pay for it. THE BEST OF SERVICE. We have secured only the serving our patrons. They are intelligent and experienced, they are, courteous and attentive, and they are as careful as can be to see that every ustomer Is pleased with her purchase. In our Trim ming Department only the most skillful and artistic designers and trimmers are employed and their work is distinguished to a marked degree by cleverness and originality. THE LEAST OF PRICE. ' This Best Millinery and Best Service costs our customers not one cent extra. Our prices are always as low as those to be found anywhere and in numberless instances we give values which cannot .be duplicated elsewhere. However Inexpensive or however fine a 1 Hat you may want,' we can suit yoil to a dot, and give you the very f best value your money will buy anywhere. TEST THESE CLAIMS! ! MUHLFELDER'S 841-843 Chapel St. IWO $5,000 SUITS AGA1SST TROLLEY CO Student Ordered by Judge , Gager to Furnish Bond of $5,000. EXCUSED BY THE COURT Bank President Settles Suit With Hackman Connelly 1 Judged Insane. Harry W, Thorpe of 197 Thomas street, West Haven,' the father of Ron ald Irving Thorpe, the child who was run over and killed by a trolley car on Sept. 18 at Campbell avenue and Koble street, West Haven, has through Attorneys Fitzgerald and Walsh "brought suit against the trolley com pany for $5,000 damages. The child was ( struck by the car as he was running , ,. hfl street on hte way home ! from school. His body was frightfully mangled. Another Action for $5,000. ' Another suit for 15,000 damaged filed against the trolley company was brought by John JIutlle of Hamilton street, the father of John Nutlle, a 8-year-old boy who was run over and .1 near the comer of Eaet street by a trolley car. The wutue cnua was Kiueu al most under similar circumstances as the Thorpe boy1. Serious Cha'rge Against Student. Donald A. Hallock of Derby, a Sheff Junior, has been ordered by Judge Ga ger of the superior court to furnish a $5,000 bond within two weeks to defend the suit brought against him by Anna E. Fenton of lAnsonia, a domestic for merly In the employ of his father. The servant girl alleges in her. suit against Hallock that on the night of June 26 he entered her room in the Hallock homestead while she - was asleep and attacked her. She alleges that as a result of her experience ehe suffered from a nervous shock that made her ill and from which shock she has not yet recovered. She is suing for $5,000 damages. ' The student te the son of Edwin Hal lock, who has served two terms in the etate legislature and who is reputed to be wealthy. The alleged attack is dat ed on the day college closed, commence ment day. Student Case Dropped. Student Robert W. LaMontague's case came before "the court Saturday morning and it was nolled. The student' was accused of having painted the Temple street railroad bridge, but the case was dropped on account of, lack of evidence. A Settles Suit With Hackman. Charles G. Sanford, president of the First National bank of Bridgeport, who has been involved in litigation with George A. L. Earl, a hackman, who Hve at 14 Whiting street, for more than a year as a result of a col lision of Mr. Sanford's automobile and Mr. Earl's hack at First avenue and Main street, West Haven, on Labor day, 1906, has settled the Judgment rendered against him in the common pleas court by payment of $150 to Mr. Earl. Mr. Sanford brought suit against Earl for damage to his auto, whereup on the hackman returned a counter ult. The latter was tried in the com mon pleas court here, and Earl was given damages of $125. The bank president took an appeal, but because of the settlement which was closed Saturday, the appeal will be with drawn. Carl A. Wears represented Mr. Earl and a firm of Bridgeport attor-. neys Jooked after the Interests of Mr. Sanford. Student's Case Continued. The charge of stealing books from Malley's store against Student Thom aa R. Tracey was continued in the i Store of panties most competent salesladies for cjty court Saturday morning until De cember 3 nisi. It Is expected that the case will be dropped at that time. Tracey is earning his way through college and he Is having a hard strug gle to get along. It is said that what food he eats he cooks on a little stove In his room and that he has always had an excellent record up to his pres ent trouble. The authorltiss and the Malley company's officials evidently desire not to push the case too hard as It Is said that there are a number of other ex tenuating circumstances. Were Excused by Court. , Charged with violating the corrupt practices act by not filing their elec tion expense accounts, three men were before the city court Saturday morn ing, and they were all three excused by-Judge Mathewson. The accused were Michael J. McNerney, James H. Nickerson and George W. Dooley. They : all ran for positions of ward committeemen at the time that Mr. Avis was running as a candidate for mayor. Judged Insane. Thomas J. Connelly, the former local boxer and fighter, was before the eltv court charged with vagrancy Saturday morning. Dr. Sullivan nd Dr. Klenke both testified that in their opinion Con nelly was Insane. He has been before the court a number of times lately. Judge Mathewson committed Connel ly to the hospital oi the insane at Mid dletown. At one time Connelly was considered one of the best boxers in the middleweight class in Connecticut. He fought all over the state and In other states and won a number of contests. For some time past Connelly has been Bct4nB. gfraneelv nn.i It u-na otrivto. ', t Qrlnkln but now it wollM pm thof he Is suffering from brain trouble. City Court Trials. The trial of Patrick Cody of Dlxwell avenue, in the city court developed some exciting evidence. Cody was charged with resisting Officer Edward Fallon, and for this he was fined $5 and costs of $2.75, for obstructing the sidewalk, for which he was fined $3 and costs of $2.55, and for breach of the peace, on which Judgment was sus pended. Judge Mathewson had a long docket to dispose of in the police court Sat urday morning. The three men, Thorn as De Bones and Frederick and Henry McFarland, charged with stealing a big cose of tobacco belonging to George (..annem oi sneiton, ana tneir cases continued until October 16th. They are also charged with drunkenness. It is believed that the box was stolen from one of Sloan's express wagons by the men. George Brennan, charged with drunkenness, was fined $2 and costs. Edward Munler, charged with the theft of a bicycle belonging to Anton Schile of East HavenMvad his case continued until to-day. For drunkenness, Pat rick Kisellu waB fined $5 and costs. William Davis was charged with trespassing on the property, of Lewis H. Frost at 12? Meadow street, and the case was nolled. Frederick Carlson was fined $5 and costs of $16.70 for breach of the peace, alleged to have been committed on his wife, Georgia, at 246 Wooster street. He Id accused of pinching her arm The couple have not been living to gether for some .time, Carlson coming here from Hartford. Sold liquor Without License. Patrick J. McCarthy was arrested in Danbury Saturday, by Deputy United btates Marshal Parmalee, and later brought to this city where he was giv en a hearing before Commissioner Wright on the charge of violating the United States liquor law. He was held for a hearing October 19 under $1,000 bonds. McCarthy's offence was com mitted during a race meet In Danbury last July, and up until now he h'Js not been located. He sold liquor without a license and when arrested he was giv en a chance to pay the license fee of $18.75, but refused. Miss Eleanor Robson, the actress, has bought a town house at 302 West Ceventynjovonth treet. adjoining th corner of West End avenue. It is i tour story Drownstone dwelling. Miss Robson will occupy the house this fall. New York Sun, EXAMPLES FflOM NATURE REV. MR. SIEBER'S SERMON Leaves To-day for Synod and Will be Away a Week. Rev. Mr. Sieber of the First English Lutheran church on Lawrence street yesterday morning preached a clear, helpful and instructive sermon from the text found in Matthew, sixth chap ter and thirtieth verse: "Wherefore If God so clothes the grass of the field which to-day is, na to-morrow Is cast into the oven; shall he not much mora clothe you, O ye of little faith?" The lesson of the morning, said the pastor, teaches us God's providential care of his people, the saving grace of Jesus, and the simple lesson of trust in Christ as exemplified and taught in the vege table k'ngdom and . works of nature. These fSundation thoughts of the dis course were finely elaborated and en forced. At the (service Mr. Sieber an nounced that he would depart for the sessions of the synod to-morrow and would be away until Thursday or Fri day. Three men were Installed by the pastor as members of the local church's council. Yesterday at 10:30 o'clock the 40 hour devotion commenced at St. Jo seph's church, and will conclude to morrow morning. Rev. Morton A. Barnea of Fair mount, W. Va., formerly a member of ' Christ church, this city, was the even ing preacher at Christ church yester day. Mr. Barnes Is a brother of Miss Rena Teresa Barnes, the vocalist, and his parents are well known residents Dlxwell avenue. RUE OF IRS. BAKER EDDY (Continued from First Page.) preceding topics, one significant change his been made. We speak to-night not on "Why no Christian can bo, but on Why no Christian should be a mem ber of Mrs. Eddy's cult." A mind train ed in scientific and philosophical think ing finds It impossible to be impressed by Mrs. Eddy's writing .except by way of amazement that' so many people of otherwise fair intelligence have been able to take it seriously. It is as indis putable as it ie natural that no name known to the world of exact research or of philosophic thought, can be found among the adherents of this surprising "Science." But it is equally true that minds untrained and uninformed in the fields we have been traversing the last two Sunday .nlghte, may enjoy and ev idence a genuine Christian life; and in asmuch as the followers of Mrs. Eddy belong to this ciass or minds and a very large majority of them, like; her self, were formerly members of recog nized Christian Churches and received at the hands of the historic church the essentials of the faith, it Is to be ex pected that their Christian life will continue and indeed for a time be quickened in their new act of faith and under the Influence of such cloudless optimism, as Mrs. Eddy guarantee and this even while they are endeavor ing, under the spell of oracular and specious phrases, to "understand" an absurd falsehood to be a fundamental revelation from God. In time, of course, that falsehood, In eplte of mingled or remembered truth, will, Just so far as It Is trusted, bring forth evil fruit for the Individual and for society; and so, recognizing that, there are many real Christians among our "Christian Sci ence" friends, who are sincerely seek ing to reproduce the mind and the vic tory of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, our question remains, "Why no real Christian should be a member of the cult called Christian Science." To this question, In the light of our discussion thus far, I should answer first of all, Because Mrs. Eddy's teach ing stultifies the Teason of her follow ers. Every Christian is called to as wide and strong and exact an intel lectual life as is possible for him. In this he is to find and glorify God as truly as In his emotional or volitional life. He is commanded by his Master to love God with all his mind as well as with all his heart. According to apos tolic teaching, God has given unto us the spirit of "discipline" or "a sound mind," and the Christian Is to "be ready always to give an answer to ev ery man that asketh a reason of the hope that is In him." But over the gate way of Mrs. Eddy's metaphysical para dise may well run the legend: "Aban don logical thought, all ye who enter here." Since last Sunday evening my atten tion has been called to an entirely characteristic "Christian Science" de liverance from a certain Rosemary O. Anderson of New London, In which she evidently supposes herself to be "an swering" the first discussion of this se ries on "Why no real Scientist could be what is known as a "Christian Sci entist.' " It was of course evident to every normal Intellect that had follow ed the discussion in question, a.nd then read Rosemary O. Anderson's letter, that the latter ansvnered absolutely nothing that I had said. This commun ication lays itself open to easy criti cism, of its English, its logic and its exegesis, but I have no wish to be un kind to Miss or Airs. Anaerson, nor have I time for a needless analysis of her sentences. "Wisdom Is Justified of her children." I shall refer only to her charge of "the unfair practice" on my part "of separating words and phrases from their context." May I be allowed to assert even though the lady sug gests that mine Is not "the mind of an honest seeker for truth," that it is not possible for her Nto give the "original context" of any citation in the address in question, in a way to Telleve such citation of the unscientific absurdity with which I charged it, or to affect In the slightest degree the cogency of the evening's argument. However, as this charge is one of the parrot-like "re plies" which Mrs. Eddy's "publication committees" are constantly using, let us glance for a moment at a specimen of fundamental h-rationality in"Sclence and Health" to which the question of "context" is, in the nature of the case, irrelevant. Mrs. Eddy declares: "The fundamental propositions of Christian Science are summarized in the four following, to me, self-evident proposi tions. Even if read backward, these propositions will be found to agree in statement and proof.: "We are now to be introduced, mark, to "self-evident propositions"; the italics are Mrs. Ed dy's own. Now of course a self-evident proposition owes nothing to its context; it may be legitimately considered on its own merits Judged by its face value. Before reading to you these four ax ioms, as they seem to Mrs. Eddy to be, may I take the liberty of quoting a piece of her "flyle writing" found in her exegesis of Genesis 1: 20. She is not thinking of her "Ontology" for the moment, but is apparently absorbed In her rhetoric; she writes: "The sunlight glints from the church dome, glances into the prison-cell, glides into the sick-chamber, gilds the hospital cot, brightens the flower, beau tifies the landscape, blesses the earth. Man, made In His likeness, possesses and reflects God's dominion over all the earth." Now we are ready for the self-ovident prQpoeitions, either 'for ward ot "backward." "1. God is all in alL 2 God Is good. Good Is mind. 3. God, Spirit, being all, nothing is matter. 4. Life, God, omnip otent good, deay death, evil, sin, dis ease. Disease, sin, evil death, deny Good, omnipotent God, Life." Look for a moment at No. 3 as a self-evident proposition. Mrs. Eddy thinks that God Is "all," in a sense, to exclude all other existence; that the Infinite One denies the finite many. It is true that God can bo fhe only self -existent being, but It does not follow from this that thera, can be no other beings momentarily de pendent upon Him.. God is not identi cal with all things; In Him all things cowslst, but no quantitative total of created things can exhaust or express His transcendent life. How the Infinite One could create the finite many Is for human thought an Insoluble mystery, but the mystery of that divine picture language which we call the physical universe Is not bo great as is the mys tery of finite personalities with powers of Choice, in a world upheld by one sov eign Will. If God being all means, as Mrs: Eddy intends in her third "ax'om," that God is the solitary reality of ex istence, then this' "axiom" would log ically read, "God, Spirit, being all. nothing Is the createdv universe," and for the fourth proposition we might logically substitute the following as equally r "self-evident," "Life, Cod, omnipotent Good, deny sun-Hffht, church-dome, prison-cell, sick-chamberT'H'l'sp." An 80 persists the wearying hospital cot, flower, landscape, earth, man man, eatth, landscape, flower, hoppltal cot, 'sick-chamber, prison-cell, church-dome, sun-light, deny Good, om nipotent God, Life." Even If read back ward' our subsfFtute proposition agrees In statement ami proof. Of course Mrs. Eddy is trying to get rid of evil, but the problem with which . the greatest minds have wrestled from the poet of "Job" to the poet of "In Memorlam" is not to be solved by Irrationally de nying the existence of a created uni verse. If there were time we should find an analysis of e the next fundamental paragraph In Mrs; Eddy's book to' dis close, If possible, evert greater puerili ties of thought. What can be ifatd of a' mind papable of the following? "Tho metaphysics of Christian Science, like the rules of mathematics, prove the rule by inversion. For example: There is no pain In truth, and no truth In pain; . . . no matter In Good, and no good in matter." Und this Ih what satisfies Mrs. Eddy and her follower as "proof." Is not some truth un speakably painful? And as for "Inver sion" are the following "proofs" con vincing? There is ho electricity in Truth and no truth In electricity; no pure air in Good and no good in pure air or, to drop abstractions no milk In water and no water in milk; no India In serpent and no serpents In India! How much Importance can rational minds attach to Mrs. Eddy's talk about "proof" and "demonstration" af ter such a self-revelation of logical In competency? And this is the very bas is of the text-book which the "Chris tian Scientist" places beside her Bible and enthrones over her mental life. No Christian should become a member of Mrs. Eddy's cult because to do ao is to part 'company' with the world of ra tlonal thought. Our second answer to the question of our evening s topic ie: Because Mrs. Eddy's exposition of the Bible is large ly illegitimate and untrue. She makes the stupendous claim of supplying af ter nineteen centuries, the only true "Key to the Scriptures," but she is no more competent for the great task of Scriptural exegesis than for any other critical and scholarly work. A woman so inaccurate, as to quota Browning's phrase from "A Death in'the Desert" "the prize of learning love" as "the price or learning love," (evidently a mistake of the ear), so Ignorant as to derive the word "polish" from "polls," tno ureeic word for city with which, as Prof. Dixon says, "it has no more to ao man wun a policeman a boots, ' so lacking in literary sense as. to have perpetrated the following: "It is tho strait and narrow way That leads to that eternal dav. That turns my. darkness into light,, That buries wrong and honors right." or this, "Shepherd, show me how to go O'er the hillside stoep; How to gather, how to sow. How to feed Thy sheep." where in the one case a road is made to do burying and honoring, and in the other an under shepherd sud denly becomes an agriculturist, this i woman undertakes to Interpret au ( thoritattvely to the world, that library of the world's supreme literature call ed the Bible. Of course this wonder ful literature being deep-rooted in human life, reveals in all Its structure tho normal conceptions of the human mind and from Genesl3 to Revelation there Is not a page that does not take j for granted the reality of the physical universe as the creation of Him whose A Word About Prescriptions We desire to Increase our pre scription business and respectfully solicit ,a share of your patronage. We, of course, cannot offer you any bargains In the tvay of cut prices and inferior goods In our prescription department as we do not conduct our business that way. We can and do offer you a strictly first class prescription service, yiz., experienced pharma cists, intelligent compounding, best quality of drugs and mater ials and as low prices as is con i . . " ' ' sistent with the service we give. TRY US, THAT'S ALL WE ASK. AVe WILL DO THE REST. T. P. GILLESPIE & CO., GILLESPIE'S DRUG STORE. 744 CHAPEL STREET, OPEN ALL NIGHT. EVERY NIGHT. glory it declares. Mrs. Eddy must explain away the evident meaning of this testimony to normal human ex perience; but to a woman who can deny the, reality of the world which she is constantly treating as real to dispose of the plain statement of a passage of Scripture is a very simple thing, . She does it by the "allegorical" method of exegesis, by which she claims to give the "spiritual" or "Sci entific" interpretation. This simply means that as often as she comes upon words or phrases whose literal Implication does not suit her, she turns them into "metaphors" that do suit her.. For example when one reads in Gen. 1:6, "And God said,'Let there, be a firmament in the midst of the waters, ana let it divide the wa ters from the waters,' " one natural ly supposes that he Is reading about land and water; but Mrs. Eddy's 'key" Is as follows: "Understanding is the spiritual firmament, whereby human conception distinguishes be tween Truth and error." "In met aphor, the'.dry land illustrates the sol Id formations instituted by Mind, while water symbolizes its solutions or elements." And so the "lights in the firmament of the Heaven" are Truth and Love enlightening the understanding," the "mist that went up from the earth and watered the face of the ground" is "the mist of obscurity evolved by error because of Its material basis ; that is to say: Tho creation of matter arises from a mist, or falsrf claim or from mysti fication, (sic!) and not from the firm ament, or understanding, which God erects between ' the true and the rcirbwtlon of her stock phrases Jni- substltfftfonfor tha. real meaning- of whatever passage of scripture she is professing to expound. Once in a while the monotony Is relieved by an Interpretation so extraordinarily ridl-i culous as to refresh us with a smile, as when she writes, "The word Adam Is from the Hebrew' adamah, signify ing the red color of the ground, dust, nothingness. Divide the name Adam Into two syllables, and it reads, a dam or obstruction. This suggests the thought of something fluid, of, mortal mind in solution," etc. Such is the childish treatment of Scripture of which a -woman is capable whom thousands venerate in this dawn of the twentieth century as the only true interpreter of God's revelation to tho human race, whose book containing such travesties of Truth is read in the religious gatherings of these thous ands alternately with the words of Jesus and of Piul. If Mi's. Eddy knew anything of the history of Scriptural exegesis she would know that allegor ical interpretation has proven In the past a mere wlll-o-the-wtsp leading fanatical minds anywhere and no whore In the bogs of subjective .fancy, buf never along the highway of pati ent and certified truth. The Jewish philosopher Phllo having adopted an oriental error similar to Mrs. Eddy's, namely that matter and hence the human body, is essentially evil, un dertook to har'monlze the Old Testa ment with fhls and other Manlchean teachings by this very method of al legorizing. Here are some of his re sults: "God did not rain upon the earth." This implies that God did not shed the perceptions of things upon the senses!" Again Jacob says "With my staff I passed over this Jor dan," that seems plain enough, but for Phllo, Jordan means 'baseness'; the staff means 'temperance' and Jacob intends to say that by discipline he has risen above baseness. One hundred other interpreters of this method might give one hundred dif ferent meanings to Jordan and Jac ob's staff and anyone would be just as near tho truth as the fancy of Phllo or of Mary Baker G. Eddy. In Dean Farrar's "The Bible, Its Mean ing and Supremacy" you may find numerous specimens of this fantastic and valueless interpretation as it has appeared from century to century. Listen to Origen as he explains John the Baptist's saying "Whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose." "I think," he says that one of the shoes is the Incarnation" the other "the descent into Hades." And fin ally Swedenborg holds forth in lan guage and spirit quite Eddy-ese: " 'And Hebecca arose' hereby is signified an elevation of the affection of truth, 'and her damsels' hereby are signified subservient affections 'and they rode upon camels' hereby is signified the intellectual principles elevated above natural sclentlfics." But all this edlfleth not, Mrs. Eddy's exegesis her vaunted "Key to the Scriptures" Is absolutely worthless as an interpre tation of the Book of books. The Bi ble must bo understood first literally and historically, and when the spirit ual meaning of a book of the Bible Is understood In Its application to its own time, we are In a nosition to in. temret its snirltual meanlne for our time and for nil time. But this means linguistic and historical re search, close patient, laborious scien tific study and of this Mrs.- Eddy Is In capable. It Is much easier to shirk the slow masteries of genuine schol arship and to float Into tho dreamland of allegory where as by magic any- 1.3S1 S. .v 3 A &N'X Tis. Children's sizes 7 to 10. r Misses' sizes 11 to 2. Women's sizes with safety heels for girls wearing wom en's sizes. Patent Colt, Vici Kid, $2.50, $3.00, $330 Youths' Box Calf, 1, H and 2, $2.50. Little Men's, 9 to 13, ONLY GOOD SHOES The New Hap Shoe Company 842 and 846 Chapel Street. E. m ; .''', '"' IMPORTERS : AND : DEALERS-. IN ': DRAWING INSTRUMENTS, - DRAWING PAPERS, TRACING and BLUE PRINTS. Paper and Cloth, Drafting Boards and Tables, A Architects', Engineers' and Draughtsmen's Materials i of all kinds. , Agents for the Universal Drafting Machine, a combined Triangle T-Square and Scale which enables the draughtsman to do more and better work with ease.V "'..... 'Y. 84 Church and 61-63 Center Streets, New HavenT I thing becomes anything else as your fancies please. But the penalty for this self-indulgence and shallow pre tension is that like the real scientist and the real metaphysician, no . real Biblical scholar can ever be claimed as a member of the cult called "Chris tian Science." " : Prof. Dixon of St. Louis relates that not long ago some, women were en gaged, In a religious discussion. Ope of them, wiser than the rest had advo cated an exact and minute study of the beBt commentaries. The next speaker disagreed. "I am not," said she, "in favor of too minute study and thinking. I want to get truth. And you know we are told that in .such an hour as ye uun noi, mo Son of Man cometh." it musi nave been in' such an hour that Mrs. Ed dy's exegesis was born and certainly in such an hour only can it ever be appreciated. HC CUT WORK 1 -HEAHLT- FIMSB - (Continued from First Page.) of the 350 trains moving through the cuil every twenty-four hours were fre quently delayed corning from either direction, while on football days when thirty or foTty specials were handled the worse kind of conlusion occurred. Modern freight cars were in many cases of too great height to pass un der the old bridges and it was neces sary to send these in a roundabout urnv in order to eet them past the city. With the hew arrangement there will be four tracks for the main line and two for the Northampton division with an 18-foot' clearage, thus more than doubling the capacity. The old tracks were laid in the bed of the Northamp ton canal and owing to a lack of drain age in the event of high tide and un usual storms coming together the bed frequently reverted to the former con dition of a water-course. By the system tow being installed, the 6,400 feet of the cut will be kept clear of Water street, while the drainage summit Is at Franklin street. A.n improvement tnt win mean quicker trolley -service to the station is the viaduct to be constructed fromvthe end of Union avenue to Chapel street, so that State street will be left free for wagon traffic. Adjoining the trolley building on the south, side of Chapel street will bo I erected a modern office building of steel and concrete, in the course of . construction over one hundred and thirty buildings have been Tazed and 860,000 cubic yards of earth handled. No difficulty was experienced from Tnlclr of material As sand tr anv amount and rock from the ndat.ons . Take JB BQUtata, Tab-of- buildings removed, provided the ; "" " W w , grqvE'3 signature U constituents for the concrete of which t $2.25. y asnoum ft U. m jm tSe laTger bridges are built. This type consists of a' series of reinforced con crete arches spanning a pair of tracks and is used iat Fair, Union, Crown, Chapel, Court streets and Grand ave nue. They ' are comely and graceful structures with but one defect to mar their beauty. This is the high board fence put up under orders of the city engineering department instead .of ait ornamental concrete or wrought iron railing. It is eaid that ihe purpose is to keep idlers from hanging , about the structures and to prevent the frighten ing of horses, the idea being to replace the unsightly fence with concrete in that distant future when the road is electrified. Engineers consider reinforced con crete, the coming method of construc tion in building lines generally, owing. to its fireproof quality and strength. In the first place, old abandoned track material, rails and fish-plates are set up andjxmnd together and from these radiate out horizontally and vertically a set of steel wife rods one-half inch In thickness, thus forfning a mesh work. Over this framework is poure4 the concrete into a. false work con. structed of wood In the shape desired for the piers and arches. When the concrete has, had sufficient time to set the framework of wood is removed. Concrete becomes harder with age and as used In the bridges here is said to be waterproof. . Telegraph conduits, water and ga mains will be laid in the material com-, posing the sidewalk, thus being accessi ble for repairing. Above the top layer of concrete Willi be laid a bK-'iiUilc Pving thra inches thick similar o that being put -nra on State street. ' Much tlm was lost in -constructtag the first bridges owing- the use of various sizes of rails which were with difficulty bound together. It was also thought when plans were made that theea rails could be bent without heat but though this was done at first, later it was found necessary to heat before bending, thus taking extra time. Other types of bridges among the 14 going across the cut are the plate gir der bridges at Osborn, Bradley, Frank lin, Hamilton, Wallace and E)at Btreets, and that peculiar style at Olive street, which one engineer engaged on the work characterizes asJ containing on 'VnmnUoations credited to bridge practice," and by another as a "collec tion of differences." The former type contains plank' roadway and walks and will not be paved. C. W. Biakeslee & Sons of this city have all the concrete construction in charge and the paving is to be done by the Warren Bros." Co. of Boston. The Journal and Courier acknowl edges its indebtedness to Messrs. C. F. Slocum and J. F. Trumbull for inform ation relating to the bridge construc tion. TO Cl'BB A COLD r OIVB DAY. on each box. iao.