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NEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL fc COURIER M.ONDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1907.
JOURNAL AND COURIER FOUNDED 17C6. THE OLDEST DAILY XEWSPAPEH ra Connecticut. PUBLISHED BT THE CARMNGTOW PUBLISHING COMPANY. . , New Haves, Conn. TELEPHONES I Edltorlnl Roomn, 664. , . Bnalneas Office, 3081. SUBSCRIPTION RATES! One. week, 12 cent. One month, 50 cents. , Six months, 93. One year, (6. SINGLE COPIES, 2 CENTS. THE WEEKLY JOURNAL, tamed Thursday. One Dollar a Tear. j. B. Corrlngton Pnbllaber ST. G. Oabora Editor-in-Chief Arthur J. Slonnc Managing Editor T. E. F. Norman . . . .Advertising Manager Monday, November 11, 1007. . , THE GENERAL S1IUA1ION. i It may be several weeks, possibly months, before that state of confidence la revived which was everywhere felt Blx months ago, but nevertheless It Is not an exaggeration to assert that the general situation throughout the coun try, is steadily improving. Men are re covering from that feeling of appre hension which naturally overtook them when they did not know the ex tent to which the assaults on capital were to be carried. This does not necessarily mean the attitude of the federal administration, though that was of course included in the general estimate of things, but it does mean consideration of the one hundred and one things which count towards the weakening of public confidence when once the slump begins. We are strongfy inclined to the be lief that the action of the directors of the New York, New Haven and Hart ford Railroad Company in issuing de benture bonds instead of new stock will Increase confidence in its manage ment. There were several reasons which It may be assumed encouraged the directors in this step. It enables the company to make a large saving in safeguarding Itself against future needs while placing on the market at the same time a security which is a guarantee of its soundness. It Is of course obvious that the original plans of the company would have been car ried out and stock issued had not the financial market been overtaken by distress. The fall in the value of the New Haven stock made a new program necessary and it was to devise a pro gram that would have in support of it the best experience of men that the stockholders wisely left the problem to the directors at their recent meeting. The holders of rights who secured them by purchase may feel themselves aggrieved, but It Is difficult to see how the railroad company can be held re sponsible for rights which had not been created, even though in ninety- nine times out of a hundred the mar ket in rights would have been undis turbed. The company has In fact been Confronted with a condition, not a the ory, and that it has met it in a manner to offer the market bonds which are non-taxable and legal for institutions of savings to buy, is of itself a new source of general encouragement. Stockholders of the road can get one fiebehture for every three shares of stock held by them. The great major ity of them will take advantage of the Offer, but whether they take up all the Issue or not it will be satisfactorily disposed of. That goes almost without Baying. But this is not the only promising sign of the times as they relate to local interests. There is no disturbance In the Industrial world save that which naturally and logically follows in the wake of a disturbance In the money market. If the commanding power of the New Haven Railroad company, for example, can aid in the restoration of , general confidence its influence will be felt in a variety of directions and the producers of Connecticut and of all New England will go on with their plans of development which have con cerned them for so long a time. That 'the truth of this is recognized by men In control of local savings banks is shown by the recommendation to be made by the trustees of the three local savings banks thai the rate of interest on all deposits be maintained at fourper cent. The meaning of this act is that the managements of these banks of savings realize the steps which must be taken to stem the current of appre hension. It carries to every small de positor, for whom the institutions of savings exist, the assurance that the men in charge of them, who serve without pay and who have only In mind the reinforcement of the wage earner, and who enjoy public confl cence, are reaay xo taite any course which can be justified by human ex perience, and which is likely to strengthen the conditions. In fact the act has its altruistic side at a time when altruism is more or less restrict ed in Its operation. By attracting more deposits to the savings banks they not only perform a service for the thrifty wage-earner In increasing his savings, hut they permit these reservoirs of money to perform the function their creation In part contemplates. In ad dition, too, they set the seal of disap proval upon secret hoarding of money and raise a cry for a more natural cir culation of it. In fact the action of the New Haven railroad and that of the bank managements bear out what The Journal and Courier said last week, that the conduct of the financiers of this locality has been such as to com mand the confidence of the public. As we have attempted to indicate, the significance of these acts of actual leadership ought not to be lost upon the community. Nor should the atti tude of the press be overlooked, which from the start has been shaped delib erately with the end in view of re fraining from imparting to the news of each day a twist which might add to the general confusion. This creditable purpose has demanded tne exercise of constant Judgment. It is the duty of the press to give the news, but in times such as these it Is also Its profound duty to avoid the temptation of hasty comment and of flippant criticism. This the press of the State of Connecti cut has done with admirable poise, and to-day it stands in consequence back of the Intelligent forces which are making steadily for the' revival of better .con ditions'. A bandit entered the leading hot'il Prescott, Arizona, a few davs slnco in and robbed five of the guests in broad daylight and he wasn't the proprietor of the place either. GOOD FtiOM AN IZL WISH, It's an ill wind that blows no good, and some of tha good blown bv tho financial ill wind is already apparent. During the cheap times many thous ands of small investors have been buy ing stocks and bonds, not speculative ly, but for the Income. Each investor thus becomes deeply Interested in all that makes for the prosperity and the soundness of the country. This may be expected to show In the voting next year when policies that are unsound may be proposed for the consideration of the voters. Owing to the vital and profitable Interest of the citizens of this country in their country, it has several times been saved from what seemed to be Impending disaster. The fact that many more citizens than us ual are now directly interested in the great transportation companies and the great industrial concerns is of good promise. They ..wont be apt to vote against their bread and butter, or for anything that will diminish the quanti ty and quality of either. - INEFFICIENT MA If A 6 EX EST. Those who attended the football game on Saturday at the Tale Field came away with a well conditioned grievance against the management. The arrangements for the sale of tick ets were so reckless in their misunder standing of the rights of the sport-loving public that they were unpardon able. The crowd about the ticket win dows was rough and unruly and so far as the spectators could see no attempt was made to apply a remedy. The po licemen were elsewhere and only those received treatment who had fists to use and brawny bodies to propel. Nor can the management plead Ignorance of the probable visit of the Immense crowd. The lovers of the game have been preparing for the test of Brown's skill for weeks. It should be many moons before the scenes of Saturday are repeated. If there Is not machinery sufficient to control them the sooner it is manufactured the better for the rep utation of the athletic management. An Alabama poetess rises and sings: "There is always room for one more kiss upon mj? lips." She doesn't seem to care how much the bacteria are crowded. ONE OF ENGLAND'S PROBLEMS. It Is settled that England is so afraid of a tunnel connecting her with France that there isn't going to be any, and talk in that country has turned to the alternatives of a bridge from Dov er to Calais and a train ferry. , The cost of a bridge is estimated at $200,- 000,000 or more, which Is not to be mougni or jusi now,- ana that of a ferry, owing to the enormous varia tions of fhe tide-level. Is hardlv lens embarrassing. It is agreed in advance that the rates would have to be so high that only travel "de luxe" and the perishable freight which must be got to market at no matter what cost could afford to avail themselves of the Dover-Calais railroad ferry. The two existing examples of long railroad fer ries best serving for comparison, that in Denmark across an arm of the Bal tic by which through- trains run from Berlin to Copenhagen, and that which takes the Grand Trunk railroad trains across Lake Michigan to Milwaukee, though subject to rough seas, do not have to take into account any such rise and fall of the tide as the twenty- four feet possible at Dover and Calais. It Is evident that the English aren't making much progress toward closer and more convenient connection with France. Perhaps when matters quiet down in this country, one Of our great men can find time to go over there and show them how to do it. He may be able to show the English that a $300 000,000 bridge will be the right thing, and he may also be able to show them how to raise the money with promises to pay. THE PROHIBITION MOVEMENT- It Is Mr. O'Brien's prediction that it will not be long before Connecticut joins the list of States prohibiting the sale of liquor. Mr. O'Brien is the politi cal agent of the prohibition party, who has introduced into the campaign against the liquor interests the lobby methods and policies which have been found effective in other connections when the General Assembly is in ses sion. He expects to see tne temperance sentiment grow steadily among the small towns of the State, a majority of which are now included among the no-license column. When It has reach ed its climax their representatives and senators will take control of the halls of legislation and push through pro hibitive legislation. For the present the possibility of Mr. O'Brien's campaign being success ful need not be seriously treated in spite of his assurance that it is well financed and that there is a well shap ed temperance wave sweeping ovar the country. Much more to the point Is an Interview which appeared yesterday in the columns" of the Sunday Morning Leader with Edward McCarthy, who has been a wholesale and retail liquor merchant in this city for many years. He says: "I agree with Mr. O'Brien perfectly when he says that by their methods of doing business the liquor dealers of this State are sounding their own death knell." Mr. McCarthy charges that the key to the deplorable situation will be found in the conduct of the brewers. Of these he says: "These brewene . are not conducting their business in a lawful manner; in other words, they are not living up to the spirit of the law, even if they do make pretensions of coming within the letter of it. Their only object is to turn their beer Into money. These brewers do not care how they accom plish their purpose; they manufacture beer and they must Make a market for It. They don't take the law of supply and demand Into consideration at all. They plant a saloon in a certain place Just because they think they can get rid of a certain quantity of beer; not because it is apparent that the demand for liquor in that locality is sufficient to support a saloon there." 'Mr. McCarthy says many additional things about the conduct of the liquor business which will meet with more or less commendation from those whose sole interest is to have the saloon con fine Itself to Its legal function. The following assertion will, we surmise, carry conviction with It: "It won't bo Mr. O'Brien, nor will It be the prohibi tion agitators; It will be the saloon men themselves, or to be more accur ate, the brewers," who will ruin the liquor business of the State if it Is to be ruined. This Is completely In harmony with the views which have found ex pression in the editorial - columns of The Journal and Courier. The more stringent legislation which has gone on to the statute books recently was ap proved by the temperance lobby," but Its enactment can be traced to a. grow ing conviction that too many saloon keepers have been insistent in their violation of the laws. Law-abiding liquor merchants have realized this and have done what they could to beat sense into the heads of their erring brethren, but as they admit they have been powerless. Indifference to the requirements of the law has gone to such a pass that It has been compar atively easy to work on an Indignant public opinion. The law requiring li censees to own their own saloon Is a striking Illustration of the truth of this, as Is the law forbidding the same men to endorse the applications f several saloonkeeprs. As Mr. McCarthy says, the future of the liquor business in the State of Connecticut lies within the control of the dealers themselves. If Mr. O'Brien Is successful it will be the dealers who make him so, not any special 'knowledge he may appear to have of the liquor business. A scientist declares that everybody will be flying In tweoty years. Many seem to be up In the air now. A DECREASE IN AMBITION. The ambition to be a gorgeous mem ber of a governor's staff doesn't seem to be quite as prevalent as It was, and it is also Interesting to notice that the ambition to be a well-equipped and useful officer In Uncle Sam's army isn't quite as prevalent as it was. There used to be great rivalry to secure the cadetships, among those who took the severe preliminary examinations, but, according to the annual report of Col onel Scott, Superintendent of the Mill tary Academy, the Institution for the first time in Its history has experienced difficulty in securing a sufficient num ber of cadets to fill the ranks of the corps. The Superintendent 4ys that the corps is now seventy-three below Its authorized strength, and the num ber of resignations from the regular army include nine of this year's grad uates from the Academy. Colonel Scott undoubtedly specifies the real trouble when he expresses the opinion that "the more lucrative pursuits and great er fields for promotion of private life are diverting young men from these careers of small pay and slow promo tlon in our country's service." With the diffloulty of getting men to enlist in the army, and the difficulty of getting men to be'offlcers in the army the military outlook in the United States isn't cheering just now, ex cept to the Jdcho do not believethat the time to prepare for war is when there is peace. Atl 11311. Will I0 IN OREGON There is a time to laugh and a time to cry in Oregon. There is also a time to do other things there. But any time will. It appears, do for the Issuing of a marriage license in Oregon. A Justice of that State has decided that a mar riage license may be legally issued at any time, regardless of Sunday laws, legal holidays, or what not. Recently confronted with the problem in the form of a petition involving the validl-' ty of a marriage license Issued on a le gal holiday, he promptly gave his de cision in favor of Cupid, and thus es tablished a precedent in his State. ' This precedent will doubtless hold, and it certainly ought to. The time to get married is when two are reauy to get married, and they should be able to get the license when they are ready. Delays in getting irfarried are probably as dangerous as haste in get ting married. Anyway, marriages shouldn't be delayed by such an unro mantlc and unnecessary obstacle as in ability to get a license at a certain or uncertain time. -7 Germany has nearly one-half the brewers of the world, and she also has a good deal of the business of the world. A CON.)P1CVOUS ABSENCE. There were several "features" in the electlon in Massachusetts the other day. One of them that sticks right out is the fact that the anti- tariff, or tariff revision, sentiment that exists in the State didn't stick out at all. The Wash ington Post remarks: "There Is not a standpatter between the two oceans who does not rejoice over the action of Massachusetts. When a Representa tive from the old Commonwealth asks for free hides at the next session of Congress, some impertinent standpat ter is sure to call attention to the 104,- 000 plurality Massachusetts gave No vember 5 against a Mr. Whitney, whose platform was free hides." It w8fl generally supposed that Mas sachusetts wanted free hides. Perhaps she does, and is going to take some other way of letting the country know it. She certainly doesn't seem to want free hides and Whitney. REASONABLE TAZK. The smart Japanese have lately been charged with being this, that and the other that they don't seem to be, but it can't be fairly denied that their great men know how to talk well and reasonably. So talks Baron Hayashl, minister of foreign affairs, about Jap anese emigration to this country. He points out that his government Is not eager to see a large number or its people settle beyond the range of its control. Such emigration as Is permit ted in the future will be much more closely supervised and restricted so far as our own country is concerned. The new emigration policy, Minister Hay ashl says, will both benefit Japan and conform to the wishes of our own gov ernment, nothing being necessary for satisfactory solution of the matter save patience1 and a continuance of historic cordial and friendly relations between the two nations. So far as Japan Is concerned, Minister Hayashl reports that there Is but one senti ment held by her people, Including most of her Journalists, namely, that relations of friendship and good-wlil shall be continued, since "the cause of civilization as well as community in terests demands lasting peace and friendship." This isn't much like some of the talk that has been made in this ooun- try, Including the predictions of inevi table war, but this may be explained on the ground that Baron Hayashi knows what he Is talking about and wants to talk right. . On Board the PeloponjieMn. I cot up this mornlnir at seven, The sea was as smooth as your room. With London I talked till eleven, Whm stocks in New York took a boom. Till luncheon this kept me quite busy, At two took a swim find a row. Then tennis till dinner with Lizzie Anj nowltwe are oft to the show. The papers this morning are bulky wore midway 'twlxt England and home The Japanese statesman are sulky And tilings look peculiar In Rome. We'ro due at Southampton tomorrow; Tills vessel Is terribly slow. Lyhree days for the trip, to my sorrow uome, L.t7.zle, let s oil to the show. New York Sun. SATIXGS AND DOINGS. The owners of a Birmingham (Ala bama) saloon sold liquor on election day. They were caught at It. The judge fined them the limit, he posed the maximum jail sentence, their whole stock of potables" confiscated. inl and was All the prosperity Isn't in this coun try. During the past Six months only one taxpayer in Coventry. England, has had to be excused payment on the ground of poverty. The valuation of the jolty has increased by nearly $85, 00Q during the past twelve months. It is not generallji known that there is a room In the British Museum set apart exclusively for forgeries. In the time the Museum has been in ex-1 Apollinaris "The Queen of istence many spurious articles" have come into its possession. In some I cases the object has been on view for , some time before the forgery was dis- i covered. The public is not admitted to the room in which the articles are kept. As anything can happen in Kansas it is not surprising to read that In Linn county, Kansas, a cow was drowned In a gallon bucket The cow put her nose .into the bucket, Which contained salt, and got the. bucket firmly wedged on her muzzle. Being unable to free herself, she) went to a pond and plunged her nose In over the bucket, which filled with wa ter and drowned her. Street railroads with cars operated by man-power are in use at Mombasa, In East Africa. The light, narrow gauge tracks aire laid through the street, and the cars are for hire, like cabs, or are the private property of officials and wealthy residents. They are little four-wheel cars with one or two cross seats; and each is propelled by two natives. Spur tracks are run into private grounds, so that persons can take the cars to their doors. Dr. Parkhurst knows of a society woman who tried to interest herself In mission work, but she soon told .her pastor that she would have to give It up because It was so embar rassing to find her pupils behind the counters where she shopped, "where of course, I can't recognize them," she said. Lest this should be taken as an extreme case, Dr. Parkhurst tells of a Fifth Avenue minister who called for volunteers for mission work and carefully explained that those' who enlisted should understand beforehand "that it Involved no social recognition," The Russian emperor has many thrones to be uneasy on. The tfhree chief ones are those at the imperial palace and the winter palace at St, Petersburg, and in the Kremlin at Moscow. This last was a present to the Csar Alexis In 1660 from the shah of Persia. It Is entirely covered with thick plates of gold set with precious stones and alternating with plaques of Ivory, chiseled in high relief. The fact and date of the presentation are recorded in an Inscription on the back of the throne. Just above are glist ening double-headed eagles of Russia, with angels on either side supporting the Imperial crown. Scientists In Germany say that1 a substance has been prepared which ffhows the same' radioactivity as that of radium bromide. It is said that the substance is uranyl molybdate. The molybdate Is formed by adding ammonia molybdate to uranyl nitrate, when a white amorphous powder sep arates, This is dried in the dark and apparently must be kept there, as It Is unstable. Report says that it gives radioactive effects which are practi cally as Intense as those given by ra dium. Though costly namely, about $110 an ounce the price is not so enormous as- that of radium, which has reached many thousands of dol- lards an ounce. OUR CONTEMPORARIES. No Off Ycuw With Piatt. (The Washington Star.) There is at least one thing highly creditable in the caresr of Thomas C. Piatt. He is a voter, and he always votes. No off years with him. His voting plaoe Is up-State, and it re quires two railroad Journeys. Mr. Piatt lives in the city, and for several yeara has been "shaky on his pins." But he never fails to make the two trips. Ho gos up to register, and later to vote. He has Just registered, and two weeks hence you will hear of his taking the train to vote. And yet there are thous ands of able-bodied men in New York who live close by their registering ana polling places and neglect to exercise their suffrage. They are either too busy, or they forget it, or something or other, Tha old boss votes, and never surrenders. That is worthy of praise and imitation, even if it does appear to stand alone on th merit side of the Piatt account. It helps explain, too, the senator's success In politics. There hasiever been an off year with him. Consnmer' Opportunity Coming;. (Wall Street Journal.) The day of the consumer, appears to have come. For ten years he hat been paying a steadily rising price for prac tically everything, with few exceptions, that has entered into the list of his needs. Now that prices are falling, he begins to realize how much more a dol lar will buy than formerly. He is in clined to push his advantage, because he recognizes that tho weakness of the seller's situation Is much more pro nounced thnn formerly. For once, af ter a long while, the consumer is kirtg. That he will rule" with an eye to his own Interest la to be expected of tha buyer who has long been at the mercy of the seller. Every succeeding day shows how completely the man with money Is the master of the market, whether it be in securities, 1n cereals, in cotton, in copper, or in any other of the commodities whose poslton has been shaken by the convulsion of tha money market. Tke tJso of Church Property. (Leslie's Weekly.) Has not the time come when tha churches should either utilize their ex pensive sites, in part at least, for busi ness purposes or sell them and devote the larger part of the proceeds to practical Christian uses? Would thera be any incongruity in having a modest share of the church property devoted to assembly-rooms, while other portions were put to business purposes? Then tha property of our churches, adminis tered on business principles, might yield such returns that church phil anthropies would flourish as never be fore, salaries sufficient to attract and hold the ablest man In the ministry might be paid, and practicality and spirituality mlsht go hnt in hand in tha forward march of the church of tha twentieth century. t Table Waters' HOME MADE A T the Business Men's Exposi tion just held at the Armory the exhibit which attracted the most attention was made by Sargent & Co. of this city.i Although it comprised only a fraction of their entire line many! people expressed surprise at find ing that so many and so fine goods were manufactured in town and inquired where they might be pur-! chased. We have for years handled Sargent & Co.'s entire line of hard-j ware and tools and are just now showing some of their goods in one1 of our show windows, while in onr Sample room we have a continuous! display of builders' hardware made' by the same firm. v "The Secret of Slenderness. A feature s essential' In the present styles ies in wearing the cel ebrated "Todd Corseto" the correct foundation tor modish gowns. Elaitio stockings, tov to measure. Henry H, Todd sra-SM YORK IT. JDEDXTCTCOXS. "How old is your daughter? Quite a young lady, isn't she?" "She just passed heT fifth picture post-card album yesterday." Puck. "I suppose you had a lovely time on your honeymoon trip?" "No, it wasn't at all pleasant. We met three of my former husbands and two of George's ex-wives." Chicago Record-Herald. Tha boy stood on the burning deck And gave a Joyful bleat; "At last," he cried, "CWe Janitor Is turning on some heat." New York Sun. First Autolst "They tell me your chauffeur is an angel." Second Auto lst "I reckon he is about now. He lit a match this morning to see If the gasoline tank was full." Boston Rec ord. Nervous Old Lady (on seventh floor of hotel) Do you know what pre cautions the proprietor of the hotel has takten against fire? " Porter Yes, mum; (he has the place Inshoored for twice wot it's .worth.- Cardiff Times. "Science has proven," said the pro fessor of astronomy; "that there is no water at all In the moon. What do you deduce from that?" "That there Is some excuse," replied the freshman, "for Its getting full so regularly." Philadelphia Press. Explorer Yes, I 'have decided to make myash In an automobile. Reporter1 And you think your chances of locating tho Pole are good? Explorer Sure! If I get within a thousand miles of it, th'ls machine or mine will run into it Puck. Dining Mahogany Extension Tables i .$50.00 to $125.00 Golden Oak Extension Tables- 6.75 to 60.00 Mahogany Buffets.... 50.00 to 125.00 Golden Oak Buffets 20.00 to 60.00 Mahogany China Cabinets 40.00 to 100.00 Golden Oak China Cabinets..: 15.00 to 100.00 Mahogany Dining Chairs 5.50 to 25.00 Golden Oak Dining Chairs... 1.25 to 15.00 The Bowditch 100, 102, 104, 106 . THE F0HB Filly-nine out ef.Eply-fivc Prizes awardsd to Pafcek Philippe fcCcmpssny At the time of Contest AsUenosnicdl Observatory Fcfitht year 1 9. TYROLEANS These green felts, with narrow brim and bow be -hind, come across tha water with the sanction of royal favor. They are the King Edward style, and are just over. Chase & Co. SHIBTMAKERS, 1018 and 1020 Chapel St. Fused Invisible Bifocal Lenses Are like one piece of glass. By a special process this optical invention is ac complished. 'No bother some lines and cement to trouble you. We can furnish these at short notice. Prices Just Reduced. ThHarveyfrLewis Opticians v 861 CAapelStKeooHaoen i 865 Main. St. Hartford. 360 Main St.Springftetd. Mass. Visitors Always Welcome. Now on View j Landscapes ; ml Oil . by Will Hatchins. P. W. TIERNAN & CO. 827 Chapel Slreal ' VUltora Ajlw7 Welcome. Flano like thf S150.00 Everything! mat manes mil sic, and all mif sic that ll played. SFir )H. i-' 637 Chaiiel S" Hee's;The Room Fti?nittfe Fmnttme Co.; ORANGE STREET. CDMPAIIT