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HEW HAVEN HORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1S07.
jfeadical s the eminent. CONGRESS ENJOYS , ENOUGH OF POWER safety Lies in Limitations Written Into State and National Constitutions. The speech at the dinner of the Bos ton Economic club in that city Satur day evening by Henry Wade Rogers, dean of the Yale Law school, made a profound impression. His defense of the constitution as the founders wrote it and great' judges have construed it was . regarded as masterly. Dean Rogers said in part: . . ;, . We are threatened with a revival of Federalism and with a Federal's which Is more extreme and radical than the leaders of the old Federal party ever countenanced. Thie argument pro ceeds on the assumption that the states have failed to perform their du ty properly so that great evils have grown up which the states cannot or will not remedy and from which- we should have been free if only the Fed eral government had exercised the au thority and not the states. That the evils exist Is conceded. That th states have npt done their full duty also is conceded. But that the Federa government would have done better Is a mere assumption and one I am not prepared to accept. Congress now has in the territories and District of Co lumbia all the powers wnich the state governments possess, yet the legisla tion respecting the corporations which congress has enacted has not been bet ter than the legislation of the states on the same subject. The laws, of con gress have not secured publicity of ac counts, nor prevented over-capitalization and stock-watering, and no system of inspection has been established over federal corporations. That In times past state legislatures have been under the control of special interests is too true. But unfortu 'nately so has the congress. One evi dence of it is seen in the tariffs estab lished from time to time. Under the pretence of - protecting labor tariffs have been fixed not merely high enough to cover the difference in the cost of labor here and abroad but far in ex cess thereof and so high that the great mass of the people of this country have been exploited that the privileged few might build up enormous fortunes. The legislation has not been in the Interest of the worklngman nor for the benefit of the people as a whole, but quite the , reverse. Those who have been bene fitted from such legislation have been barons and beef barons, the steel barons and the lumber barons of the country, who have been permitted by congress to write the tariff laws of th? United State. ,'' The tendency to take their domestic ; affairs from the 'control of the states is shown by the agitation in favor of a; national Incorporation law. It is assumed that the power to regulate commence includes the right 'to regu late tha corporation which is engaged In commerce. But if under It's power to regulate commerce, congTess can as sume control, over all corporations which engage in Interstate commerce, Jt is difficult to see why It has not an ' equal right to assume a like control over all partnerships that do any in terstate' business as well as over all individuals -whose business Is of a sim ilar nature. In this way congi-ess can ' take to itseif jurisdiction over a very 5 largo part of the business of the coun try, withdrawing from the control' of the etates what always has been sup posed to be within their peculiar prov ince ... and working a fundamental change in the character of the gov ernment itself. It may be very seriously questioned whether the mere fact that a corporation or a partner chip is engaged in Interstate com merce affords any sound, legal reason for assuming that congress has tha right to exercise an exclusive jurisdic tion over every such corporation r.nd partnership. The Interstate commerce may be but a part of the business of such corporation or nartnershiD. as they may likewise be engaged In Intra state commerce. So that if the reg ulation of corporations Is a regulation of Interstate commf-rce it may be a regulation of intrastate commerce at the same time. If congress has jurisdiction over every corporation which to any extent engages in interstate commerce, then what is there to prevent congress from declaring that the vast properties which these corporations confirol, shall not be taxed by the state governments without the consent of congress The Etates cannot tax national banks ex ccp to the extent authorized by the national fcankin law. If all corpora te f.raed in interstate commerce are to be compelled to Incorporate under a national incorporation law, why may not congress prohibit the states from taxing such corporations or the prop erties which they own? It is nothing to the purpose to say that congress would never exercise the power. The fact that it could exercise the power and might some time do so to a greater or leiss extent Is one not lightly to be lost sight of. These corporations own a very large proportion Of the wealth of the country, which if withdrawn from the taxing power of the statss would be most mischievous, crippling ; the resources of the states and impos ing .new burdens of taxation on the in dividual citizen. Congress has already assumed that under Its powe:r to regulate commerce it can pass an employers' liability act and apply it to all employes of com-. mon carriers engaged in Interstate commerce even though' tsuch employes render no service in the transporta tion of interstate commerce, such aa engineers , of local trains, sec tion hancfa, mechanics in ca:r and ma chine shops, and clerks in offices. It limits the rights of employer and em ploye to agree upon the terms of em ployment. The Supreme court will soon pass upon the constitutionality of the act and whn.thit court has spoken we uhall know better than we do now the limits of the power which congress can exercise under, the commerce clause of the Constitution. 1 The extremes to which advocates of the new federalism are willing to go is further shown by the proposal to enact the Bevertdge child labor law. The Supreme court has decided that the power to regulate manufactured, as commerce . and " manufacture's are not synonymous. But the advocates of the Boverldge bill assort that the govern ment has the power to shut ou.t from interstate commerce any article manu factured in violation of the act. To as sume that congress can do this 13 to assume that congress can regulate the hours of labor, the wages paid, and the prices charged' by any factory In the United States for goods which are to find their way into, interstate com merce. And to assume that congress has any such power is ot assume that American statesmen and American lawyers for 130 years have not under stood aright the Constitution of their country. ' CLocal self-government , develops an energetic citizenship, and centralization an enervated one. Local self-gover-met is conducive to the steady progress of society and centralization Involves conditions which are unsound and do .not make for the progress of society. Under local self-government officials exist for the benefit of thb people, and under centt-alization the people exist for the benefit Of the officials. Local self-government provides for the polit ical education of the people. Central ization based upon the principle that everything is to be done for the people rather than by the people, creates i the peoplo.spirit' of Hepen&ence which dwarfls the Intellectual and moral fac ulties and incapacitates for citizenship. Local self-government exerts an influ ence which invigorates and centraliza tion an influence which blights. The basla of local selfgovcrnment is con fidence in the people, while trie funda mental idea of centralization is difr trutft of t'he people. Local self-g6vern-ment fixes responsibility for wrongs and, enables a redress for grievances. No responsibility anywhere exists under a system of centralization and redress Is difficult to obtain for acts of com-miKSlc-n or omission. Under local self government eveTy individual has a part to 'pet-form and a duty to discharge in public affairs, while under a central ized government one's affairs are man aged for him by othen?. The noblest system of political institutions the world has known and the most con ducive to the happiness and welfare of mankind is that of local self-govern ment. It has been said that "to cen tralize is the act and trick of despots, to decentralize is the necessary wisdom of those who love good government." The preservation to the local com munities of the right to manage t'leir own affairs must be recognized as es sential to the permanent well being of the republic. Local self-government has been des cribed by a political philosopher as that "system of government Under which the greatest n'imber of ml5,i knowing the most, and having the full est opportunities of knowing it, about the special matter in hand, and hav ing the greatest interest In its well working, have the management of it, or control over It." Centralization has been described as that "system of government under which the smallest number of minds, or those knowing the least, and having the fewest opportunities of knowing it, about the special matter in hand, and having the smallest Interest lh its well workin;?, have the management of it, or control over it." An immense amount of wretched mis-government might have been avoided, according to John Flske, if all legislators and all voters had these two wholesome maxima engraven upon their minds. We have entered the twentieth cen tury with social discontent on everv side. Antagonisms exist between rich and poor, and socialism grows apace throughout the land, nourished bv the grasping greed of great corporations which have debaunched legislatures and bought privileges and dictated legislation to suit their Interests which have not always been those of the corrnonwenlth. The clouds may lift and disappear. But thoughtful men aro not without some concern as they look into the future. Safety lies In the limitations which are written Into our constitutions, state ana national. Public Demonstration o Postal Cereal Gos Pro - , i ducts will be conducted at THE STORE OF i ,E. SCKOENBERGER & SONS. POSTUM FOOD COFFEE (the kind that Makes Red Blood) will be served as it should be that means simply delicious. GRAPE-NUTS will be served as a breakfast food and in puddings, salads and many now ways that will make a chajming acquisition to the daily menu. ELIJAH'S MANNA a remarkable "production from white corn, steam cooked, rolled and toasted into delicate crisp flakes. Its exquisite flavor and tenderness will delight the most fastidious epicure or invalid. It's "Ripping" Good. Come, eat, drink and be merry with us. TROUP SHERMAN. Announcement is made of the mar riage in Buffalo, N. Y., yesterday, of Miss Daisy E. Sherman, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Sherman of Buffalo, to Philip Troup, Yale 1900 S. and Yale Law schodl 1903, son of the: Hon. and Mrs. Alexander Troup of this city. Alexander Troup, jr., brother of the groom, acted a3 best man. The Wedding was a very quiet affair, only the immediate families being present, After a short wedding trip Mr. and Mrs. Troup will reside in Washing or-., D. C. . Overcoa Time and you cannot afford to miss seeing our stock. We pride ourself on its variety and superior tailoring. Blacks, Browns, Ox fords and Fancies, and every garment carries with it an air of style and re finement. . Equal to any garment sold elsewhere for $18 and $22. Our "MAKER-TO-WEARER" price, Pressing and Repairing Free. Opposite Poll's Tiieator If the Btiby Is CntflnK Teeth, be suru and use that old and well tried remedy, Mrs. vvinsiows Soothm Svrun. fnr children teething-. It soothes the child softens the gums, allays all pain, cures winu eouc ana is tno nest remeilv for diarrhoea. Twenty-five cents a bottle. BRIEF MENTION High water to-daj- at 2:34 p. m. The coal firm of Williams, Wells & Co. announce that they have removed their offices from the Garde hotel bui d Ing to rooms 302" and 308 of the Wash ington building at 39 Church stre-t. The removal was necessitated by tha recent Are at the Garde. The senior class of the New Ha ven High school has set January 9 as the date for giving the play which has Been "the custom of recent years for the senior class to give. The class of 1908 has selected a play entitled "Davy Crockett," a tale of old time Kentucky frontier life. It will be given in the New Haven theater. At the meeting of Admiral Fo to boat, G. A. R., last Saturday evening three new members were taken In. They are O. M. Shepard, formerly gen. eral superintendent of the New Haven road; John Cox, the proprietor of the Surf house at Savin Rock, and George Brown, iormerly of the' 16th C. V. Bids will be opened Wednesday, De cember 2, for the bunding of the now vaults which are to be' placed in the City hall building. The total cost will be, about $13,000. Work will be started as soon as possible after the contracts have been let. Chief Cowlcs has issued an edict that there shall be no more performances at the various nicolets about the city on Sundays. The giving of the ''pas sion Play" will not be considered any reason for opening these resorts. Bishop Tlerney In this city Saturday and St. Patrick's churches. The former had 214 and the latter church 217. ' The Rev. W. W. W. Wilson of this city will speak at the fellowship meeting of Methodist preachers or the New York' East conference at Stamford this evening. His topic will-be, "Spiritual Endowment." The Emmet club Friday everting in Clan na Gael hall, corner Chapel an3 State streets, -held a memorial celebra tion In honor of the memory of Allen, Larkln and O'Brien, who were hanged 40 years ago tb-day lor the alleged murder of Sergeant Brett, a police offi cer in Manchester, England. JEWELERS Suggestions for the Thanksgiving Table, SOUP LADLES, OYSTER FORKS, CARVING SETS, VEGETABLE SERVERS, ROAST HOLDERS, ICE CREAM SETS, SHERBET SETS, COFFEE SETS, FRUIT BOWLS,. CHEESE SCOOPS, DECANTERS FROM The House of Good Values, Monsons Jewelry Store. 857-859 Chapel St. my .1 ihanKsgwng Suggestions If your Kange is doing good work, and you have found the Dining Table you want, how about the Sideboard ? A year ago wo gave a side board order which the factory would not fill because the prices were too low. After waiting a year they decided to ship the irnnrle-nnfl an ir.ro ara nnw clmw j U U li bumi WW IV I Uw . M A v . . ing the best Sideboard values of the year, or any year.' ' Prices for beautifully quar tered and polished goods, with large shaped French plate mir rors, from $16' 00 to $50.00. Buffets, from $17.00 to $70.00. Serving Ta Die 8, from $4.00 to $14.00. ?i DIAMONDS. We have already made large pur chases of IMnmonds fop the Fall trade. Some are loose, others m6unted In rings; all are moderately priced,, con sidering the rapid advance of the Dia mond market. AVE IJfVITE YOlTt INSPECTION. A Beautiful Imported Swiss Clock handsomely and deeply carved, ex cellent timekeeper and an ornament for any room, usually sold at ope dollar each, made by the Cuckoo Clock Co. of Germany. They will be given away Free by all druggists to every purchaser of one 50c. box of Dr. Brown's Fruit Tablets, the Great Slomacu and Nerve Tonic. Guaran teed to cure Nervousness, Consttpa patlon Dyspepsia and Backache. Try a box to-day and get a Swiss Clock Free. A 25 Cent box of Dr. Brown's In dian Ointment only 10 Cents. Curss Cats, Burns, Piles, Eczema, Coras, Bunions, Tired and Aching Feet. Try It. Do It now. BHOWM CHE3IICAL CO.vVIbany, N.T. I 15IEET ME FACE TO FACE, i f-' i 1 - vl I i ENGRAVED VISITING CARDS and ADDRE.SS DIES W. L. WIGHTMAN 101 ORANGE ST. Room 1. 1st Floor. 1 WEATHER BULLETIN NO. 1 New Haven, Conn., Nov. 20, '07. A moderate gale of high prices is sweeping; alonff Chapel street. It Is producing Considerable cloudy weather in the business ETT . '. A rlflge of low prices Is cen tered at DI!?BROV'S, CORNER and is producing pleasant bar gains. . .. i BETTER KEEP IN THE SUNSHINE. i YOURS, JIM HE SELIiS SHIRTS. Cor. Church and Center Streets.! Watches.' Clocfcs and Jewelry repaired. Brown & Durham Complete House Furnishers, Orange and Center Sts. Th8 Konpareil Laundry C3 (Incorporated.) , HICH-CLA5S WOXK We Jo the work for the leadnj fam L'it s and stores. 271 B'alcMtf k, New Hani Coin. BROOCHES. We ore now showing a most com plete line of brooches, especially in the dnlnty enamel and semi-precious stones. The early purchaser has the best variety lo choose from. 34 ii 788 CHAPEL 3TBEEt. MEW HAVEN. CT. IS IT ENJOYABLE? people with defective teeth Do Ton not think thf"i would be ns distressed jrnurs tvere that ivay Sv M don't let them e beyond the help ot a srood dentist. If om- of you leeth Is mlsslna. Iiiive li'Mfte t sjrtiee with one thnl Is the snme tutor, shape and slse of the n ft torn! one. P'HIU; DEIJTAL ROOMS 701 CHAPEL ST. Opea EvsElcrs. Thaisgiviii Dinine .Wants a New Rug? Why not look over the largest stock I A the State? It's here under our roof, priced in all grades to sell the goods; 0x12 Hugs, $12 to $50 every one a bargain. . , ' ' r'Thanksfdvini ... Home Gathering Will Appreciate NEW DRAPERIES; tasteful ef fects, In both medium and high grade fabrics. Lace Hangings, in whito and ecru; color effects in heavy fabrics and lightweight Cretes and Madras. ORIENTAL RUGS. Dagftestans, Irans, Afghans, Kazaks. Genuine An tiques, not chemically treated. Our prices favor the purchaser. Window Shade Co. ,' 7?-8i ORANGE STREET. Open Saturday Evenings. Foot of Center Street. Scraveiiii and Post Cardu . at J. A,. McKee's 930 Chapel Street. KEY FITTING Cun and Locksnrithlng. SPORTSMEN'S SUPPLY C(J 68 Center S!., E. R. Basset!, Mgr. The concert that was to have been given by the Philharmonic quartet at St. Paul's U. A. ill. B. church, 65 Web ster street, L. H. Cook, pastor, Tues day,' November 21, has been postponed until Tuesday evening, November 26. BAXQUET FOR SPERRY. rostoflice Clerks Pay Respects to Con gressman from Second District. The postofflce clerks and letter car riers' association gave a complimentary dinner at the Tontine hotel Saturday evening to Congressman Nehemiah D. Sperry. Jacob Jacobs was toastnister and the first speaker he Introduced was Mayor John P. Studley. The other speakers were: Col. N. G. Osborn, Collector J. Rice Wlnchell, C. F. Levere, Frederick W. Orr and the congressman. The committee which had charge of the banquet was as follows: Jacob Jacobs, chairman; Michael J. Murphy, ecretary; Walter Q. Doolittle, John A. -McLoughlin, Francis T. Wade, James E. Murphy, James F. Hart and James H. Hermance. Among the Invited guests were N. D. Sperry, R. S1. Woodruff, John P. Stud ley, James B. Martin, James A. Ho warth, Rice Wlnchell, Alexander Troup, Col. N. G. Osborn, Col. C. W. Pickett, ' F. S. Butterworth, Major W. P. Tuttle, J. D. Jackson, F. W. Orr, L. R. Ham mond, R, S. Pagter, John A. Hull, P. G, Wallmo, Pierce M. Maher, Edward T. Kennedy. WINTER IS COMING ON. ' i' HERE'S SOMETHING YOU WANT TO READ 11 I fill If fc mm is Shs-T.DBKfej, 1't .K.'.F.kU ,1 . j iv ,1-. 'f'Tm'WtiMBflltlW" 'j :9 1l Ring' 839 THERE'S A REASON. An error, in the telephone directory lists our number as 1089-3. It should read 839. ! M ERR ELS, CROSS & BEARDSLEY, ' CONTRACTING DECORATORS. , Telephone 839. v 90-92 ORANGE STREET. Both Day an4 Night This boss" of the heating: plant looks after your comfort, stands guard over your coal bin and safeguards the family from colds due to uneven temperature in the home. with Tiaie Clock attachment is the oaly device that automatically provides for a higher temperature in tha morning without losing thermostatic control through the night. For example : . .Suppose you want to reduco the temperature of the house to 60 degrees during the night, but would like to have it at 70 degrees by the time the family arises. Before retiring, you set back the controller to 60 degrees. Then you set the time clock attachment to bring the tem perature up to 70 at seven o'clock. In spite of any sudden changes oct-doors during the night, the Controller will tnainiain the temperature you wish, and the faithful clock will open the drafts in time to give you the desired warmth in the morning. And then all day the Controller goes right oa keeping your house warmed "just right." It is adapted for use with steam, hot water or hot air. Why not unload your heatinz worries on tha "Jewell" land save money too f , Investigate this wonderful device. Shown and sold by THE BUCKINGHAM-ROUTH COMPANY, 151 Court Street. Honest Service-Quick Results Prices Reasonable ODORLESS GAS HEATERS, GAS LQGSj (with water back); . BACKUS GAS STEAM HEATERS, GAS GRATES, CLOW'S "GASTEAM" RADIATORS. AH on Demonstration at Our Salesroom, , 93 Crown Street. THE NEW HAVEN GAS LIGHT CO. The Chatfleld Paper Co. ggfjg Most complete Una of Paper and Twino in Stat i