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NEW HAVEN MORNING JOURNAL AND COURIER, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1907.
JOURNAL AND COURIER FOPXDED 1766. ; THE OLDEST DAILY NEWSPAPER IJt CONNECTICUT. PUBLISHED BT THE CAURINGTOX PUBLISHING COMPANY. New Haven, Conn. TELEPHONES I Editorial Rooms, C84. Business Office, 3081. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One. week, 12 cents. One month, 50 cents. ! Six months, 13. One yenr, $8. SINGLE COPIES, 2 CENTS. THE WEEKLY JOURNAL. Issued Thursday. One Dollar Year. JT. B. Carrtneton .Publisher jr.,G. Osborn EdItor-ln-Chtet Arthur J. Slonne Managing Editor T. E. F. Nnrown. . . .Advertising Manacer Monday, November 25, 1007. THE POWER . OF TUE STATU. E3 It Is a distinctly gratifying thing that there are men In the country possessed of the requisite knowledge to defend and advocate the original the ories upon which this government was based. Among them must be counted Dean Henry Wade Rogers of the Tale Law School. If new conditions make it necessary to modify the views of the founders it is only by having all sides of the controversy presented that an Intelligent conclusion will be reached. It does not necessarily follow, as Mr. Rogers says, that old instru ments are to be abandoned because In the hands of unskilful political arti sans they have failed to produce the results looked for. If that was a sound theory we should have to cling desper ately to the golden rule lest it be. thrown away as a wise rule for the conduct of men. Dean Rogers is fully within the lines ' of simple statement when he declares that the country is threatened with a revival of federal doctrines, "with a federalism which Is more extreme and radical than the leadets of the old fed eral party ever countenanced or would have tolerated." We do not understand that Mr. Rogers fears the actual estab lishment of that kind of federalism. It is more likely that he sees in the at tempt to' establish it the required op position to defeat the movement. Things have been moving so fast in this growing country that old guides and landmarks have been overlooked and the notion encouraged that new guides and rules are necessary. This is the at- titude of those who would extend the power of the federal government over the States, especially in the case of corporations doing an interstate busi ness. It is not the attitude of men like Mr. Rogers who is a firm believer in ' the original order of things political. He does not deny that, the States have been at fault In permitting acts which should have been forbidden, but this recognition of an evil does not drive .. him to abandon original principles of government in favor of, those, neces sarily of an experimental character. What he" does is to admit the existence of the evil and in particular for the purpose of curing it by a revival of old Ideas and not by the enforcement of new ideas. It is high time that view of the movement which Is likely to in volve the next presidential campaign was presented in the forcible manner Mr. Rogers presented It at a Boston dinner Saturday evening. It is one thing to admit that given instruments of government have fail ed to produce expected results and an entirely different thing to condemn the Instruments as ineffective Instead of the fumbling men who have undertak en to use them. Mr. Rogers can find , no warrant for the more or less preva lent notion that these Instruments in the hands of federal officials would produce better results even if sharp ened by federal steel. He calls atten tion to the miserable failure the cen tral government h.s made of its at tempt to rule the territories where it has all the independent powers grant ed the States. "The laws of congress," he says, "have not secured publicity of accounts or prevented overcapitaliza tion and stock waterings, and no sys- tem of federal inspection has been es tablished over federal corporations. The Union Pacific railroad has a fed eral charter, but upon its reorganiza tion In 1897 It had a clear capital of $188,000,000 which at market prices was worth $54,000,000, showing an es timated overcapitalization of $81,000, 000." In other words, wherever the federal government has enjoyed the power possessed by the sovereign States it has made no better use of it than the largest offending State. The whole history of the care of the terri tories by the federal government shows conclusively that there is nothing im mune about federal instruments when they undertake to do State work. It Is In this connection what it is in other human connections, the Instrument is of Itself valueless until it is placed in ' the hands of men who know how to use It And it is because it is always difficult to find the right man tq do the right kind of' work in a republic that the founders believed, as Mr. Rogers believes, that it is safer to trust the men near at home with the task rather than to lose the responsi bility somewhere !n the vast federal machine. Weak and disappointing as the existing Instruments may be, they are safer as a plain proposition in the hands of one's immediate neighbors than in the hands of men who are strangers in all but the one sense that they too are members of the great American brotherhood. No matter how impressive the speech is which advocates the propos ed changes Dean Rogers remains un convinced. "I am not readv." he savs. "to help pull down the pillars of the temple of government m order that we may begin to establish a new constitu tion founded on different principles." These are the words of common pru dence and they must more and more carry conviction to sober-minded stud ents of our political experiment. They will Jiave performed an injmense func tion if they revive Interest in the old instruments of government and In crease popular scrutiny of the men who seek to serve their fellows in pub lic office. This accomplished we shall know better than we now know, or than anyone knows as yet, just exactly what the changes, modifications and enlargements are which we are told must be made to save our political hides. Surprise 'em, Harvard! said the Can't! said Harvard. Boston Herald. TWO IILUSTHJTIONS. In the midst of life we are in death. Also in the midst of death we are in life. How these facts illustrate them selves is shown by two Connecticut in cidents. The other day In South Nor- walk a man was walking across the floor when one of the animals euphon iously called "the harmless, necessary cat" tripped him and he plunged for ward, his head penetrating the glass In a door, where he hung by the throat and bled to death. On the same day in New Haven a woman over seventy years old started to walk downstairs from the second story of her house. She caught her heel, fell headlong down into the hall, bringing up just inside the door with a glass In it. She "never turned a hair," and the next day took a walk down to and through the Grove street cemetery to make herself realize she was mortal. Moral, get your life insured and live, or get it insured and die. Also get ac cident Insurance and get hurt, or get it and escape damage. A SUGGESTIVE CONFERENCE. or tnree-quarters of an hour. wnue political Dig-wigs cooled their ifeet outside, President Roosevelt and Mr. Bryan conferred In the White House oh Saturday. Either gentle man can make a pot of money by writing a faithful account of what was said and how It was said It must have been a suggestive con ference for the reason that the two young irnen have much in common, Many of the ideas which , President 'Kooseveit has advocated amid such applause originated with Mr. Bryan, and so impressive has been the turn ult In consequence that Mr. Bryan has been asked to appropriate the Presl dent and run him for that office again with his approval. Naturally, then, when men with so many things in common meet three-quarters of an hour Is Insufficient to do the subject justice. But whatever was said and done, the thoughts of each man must have been extremely lively and extremely comforting. What a pity the country icannot learn all about the interview. It might clear the atmosphere might ny. We don't want to say anything that will tend to start another panic, but we do feel it our duty to warn the people against getting Into the habit of taking methylbenzoinethoxeth ytetraphydroprldinecarbonylate. SOLVENT AND VUXANE. Confidence is being restored. It Is evident that John D. Rockefeller has come through the panic in fair shape, and it is also evident that he means to do the human race more good. The announcement Is made that he has just given $2,600,000 to the Rockefel ler Institute for Medical Research, to be used in any way the directors see fit. This latest gift makes a total of $3,800,000 donated by Mr. Rockefeller to the institute. It has been entirely supported by him since the day it opened. He gave the ground upon which the institute stands In New York on Avenue A, between Sixty-fourth and Sixty-seventh streets, and provid ed the funds to erect the laboratory and other buildings. The Idea of estab lishing the institute, which is pattern ed after the Pasteur Institute in Paris, came to Mr. Rockefeller after the death of his grandson, "Jack" McCor- mick, in Chicago. Mr. Rockefeller wanted some place in which medical men of the highest rank might study diseases and if possible evolve cures that would be of benefit to humanity. It is hard to tell how to give money to help humanity, but it seems entirely reasonable to suDUose that the Rocke.- j feller Institute for Medical Research will be useful. It surely will if the right men do its work, and there are many good men for such work. President Roosevelt continues to be a striking personality, cut ne isn t striking some tilings as mucn as he was. T U T and zmoit. The American Federation of Labor, which is in convention at Norfolk, Va., did well to not adopt a resolution of fered which declared it to be the pro found conviction of that body "that a great political party could not more wantonly affront and outrage the organized toilers of the country than by nominating William H. Taft for the presidency," and which also as serted that he was the chief backer of the federal Judges who promulgated 'government by injunction, that great crlmeagainst the human and civil rights of the American w6rkingman." The committee on resolutions Wisely determined that it was not the busi ness of the convention to handle that kind of a proposition. There Is no man in the country to day who deserve better at the hands of the toilers than the greatest toiler of them all, Secretary Taft, whuse sincerity of purpose is so fully devel oped" that he deliberately put away the easy gratification, of his life's am bition to redeem the pledges he gave the Filipinos. That perhaps is the most characteristic act of his life, and should present him to observing men as one who knows his duty, sees It and is not afraid to do It - He is trying his level best to put the Philippine I Islands upon a politically independent basis and to Increase the prosperity of j their inhabitants by substituting for the trade they lost when the power of Spain was withdrawn that which would surely flow from free inter course with this country. Men who are indifferent to the welfare of oth ers do not do . such things, and It Is Iby doing them that other men come to trust them and to at all times at tribute to them an honesty of purpose which would make duplicity Incon ceivable in them. The kind of service Secretary Taft has given the country. Ithe manifest sympathy he has given the doctrines which have made Presi dent Roosevelt so .popular with the! masses (of the people, and his even tempered conduct under all condi- tl6ns, ought to especially commend 'him to the tollers of the nation. '' That Mr. Taflt while' a Judge on the bench found It to be his duty to de cide questions In dispute contrary to the wishes of the labor officials cannot fairly be recalled as proof of his In difference to the welfare of labor. He did not make the laws which he con strued conscientiously and which were upheld by the highest court in the land. It has been said of him by competent judges of his Work that while an officer of the court he invari ably employed a legal discrimination and a clear sighted understanding of his oath of office which forever de termined In their minds his fitness for the Supreme court It !s the profound conviction of th'ose who know him best that no political office within his reach would move him to enter other than his honest Judgment As a Judge he would not render a decision In vio lation of his conviction. , As a candi date for office he could not be induced to suppress his honest conclusions. As an officeholder he would perform the task assigned him zealously and con scientiously. To declare that the nomination of such a man would be an affront to the toilers of the coun try involves such a misunderstanding of the traits of character wtoich make some men greater than others as to provoke lasting curiosity of tho mo tives back of the declaration. , The party to which he belongs and upon which he has shed such distinction may not select Secretary Taft as its presidential candidate, or If it does the country may not elect him, but one thing Is perfectly sure, the resolution offered at the Norfolk convention does not represent the understanding the average man in all political or ganizations has of his personal char acter. United States queens will perhaps feel better about their lofty rank when they read that the Queen of Italy is also having trouble in keeping her servants. GREATER PIITSBUBG, According to the Supreme court of the United States, and also according to other Important and impressive facts, there is now a Greater Pitts burg. The 'act to unite Pittsburg, Al legheny City and a number of smaller towns into Greater Pittsburg, passed by the Pennsylvania legislature in 1905, provided that If in a Joint vote in the districts affected a majority fa vored the consolidation it should be made. The vote In Pittsburg was 31,- 117 for consolidation and 5,336 against, while In Allegheny it stood 6,747 for and 12,377 against, a total of 37,868 votes in the affirmative and 17, 713 against, or a majority of 20,151 for greater Pittsburg. Allegheny fought the bill through the State courts and brought the case to the Federal Supreme court on the grounds that the law provided that consolida tion should be effective on approval by a majority of all the votes cast, but that the two cities could not be united over the adverse vote of Allegheny, that the increased taxation which would result from the consolidation would increase the taxes in Allegheny, and ould in effect work a taking of the property of Its citizens without uue process of law. The final decision it appears is adverse to these claims. Just now Greater Pittsburg is dis turbed by the financial situation, but she will soon get over that and feel and be as big as she really is. It is fig ured that the population of Greater Pittsburg is about 550,000. PRFITY FAIR, HUT Missouri doesn't want to brag. She never does that. But she modestly and firmly points out that she has twenty three State Institutions; has never had a general crop failure; is the leading clover State in the Union; has the largest acreage of bluegrass of any State; has the largest permanent school fund in the- United States; raises one-tenth of all the corn in the world; produces 80 per cent, of all the zinc mined in the world; has one-third more apple trees than any other State; her farm land has advanced forty per cent, in the last four years; has the largest yield of cotton per acre of any State in the Union; has the lowest rate of taxation of any State. ' Pretty fair, for a modern State. But, without wishing to take the wind en tirely out of Missouri we will inci dentally mention that she hasn't Tale University and Its football team. Those who think United States heir esses don't get much for their money are respectfully invited to contemplate the fact that one of them is going to become the wife of Emanuel Theo dore Bernard Marie d'Albert de Luynes d'AUly Due de Chaulnes et de Pecqulny and Marquis d'Angeau. OHEEMNG AND PROMISING. The fall In prices hasn't yet reached the cost of common living, so far as the common livers have been able to notice, but It is cheering and promis ing that it has struck the price of radium. Not long ago radium was cost ing about $3,000,000 an ounce, and though of course, even at that price it was within the reach of Rockefeller, Morgan and a'fW others, the ordin ary man couldn't afford it. He can't now, but the' fact th&t the price has fallen from $3,000,000 an ounce to $1,000,000 an ounce Indicates that ra dium has fallen Just about as much as good "securities" have. So its fall can be taken na, indicating a general tendency which may In time spread to corned beef, storage eggs and the oth er pure and good foods which the or dinary man has to buy. There is no in dication that there ever was a radium trust, but if there has been It has been badly hurt, as several other trusts have lately been. The Learned Woman. When I married my qilfe she had studied stenography, Got that down solid, then' took up photography, Mastered that science and started geography, All in the course of a year. She presently took up a course of theology, Followed that, up with a touch of my thology. Got a degree in the line of zoology. Still her great mind remained clear. So she took in a course of the theory of writing, Some lessons and points on the subject of fighting, A long course of house-building, heat ing, and lighting, . For over her classmates she'd soar. So she entered the subject of steam navigation, Took also instruction in church educa tion, And mastered the study of impersona tion. And still she was longing for more. Next she tackled the latest great fad electricity; "Dress reform" institutes taught her simplicity; Sought the best way to encourage felic ity. Oh, she's as smart as a book. She at last ended up with a course of phonetics, Gave a Uttle attention and time to athletics; The rest of her time she then gave to magnetics, And now sha Is learning to cook. Tit-Bits. .( SAYINGS ANV DOINGS. About three thousand clerks have been working for several months at the census bureau in order to find out that 1,300,000 people asked for legal separation during the last ten years. 1 " Peter Murray of Buena Vista, Penn sylvania, Is now fifty-seven, but this fall he decided that he would get a college education. He is now a stud ent at Jefferson academy at Washing ton, Pennsylvania. He was too poor to go to school when he was young. During the 127 days that the peace conference at The Hague lasted, the delegates had 317 dinners given in their honor. These dinners cost al together $523,600, the most expensive being those given by Senor Barfoosa of Brazil, who on several occasions spent in flowers alone from $1,600 to $2,000. The general expenses sustained by the governments amounted to $2,970,000. President Garfield, of Williams, is a strong advocate of the movement to create a new Federal bureau, to be known as the bureau of public health. He thinks that with so many Apollinam The Otieen of different departments working in partial control of the same field, In cluding officers of the army and navy, the Interior department and Treasury department of agriculture, the work could be improved as "well as sys tematized by combining the work in one distinct bureau. This Is the way a Siamese newspa per modestly tells about itself: "The news of English we tell the latest. Writ in perfectly style and most ear liest. Do a murder git commit, we hear of and tell it. Do a migtity chief die, we publish it, and in borders of sombre. Staff has each one been col lege, and write like the Kippllng and the Dickens. We circle every town and extortionate not for advertise ments. Buy it. Buy it. Tell each of you its greatness'for good. Ready on Friday. Number one." The Portland Oregonian doesn't deeply sympathize with Bishop-elect Paddock's Ingenuous delight at the prospect of dressing like a cattle man and making his episcopal visitations on horseback. "He will find after he arrives," says the contemporary, "that It will not be necessary to wear the Jim Carstens cattle outfit while he Is on his missionary work. Mighty lit tle riding will he do among Indians. When he holds services at The Dalles, Pendleton, La Grande, Baker City, Union City, Prlneville, Ontario and Burns, he will dress just as ho does wh.en he .enters a Broadway pulpit. Eastern Oregon isn't like the wildest wilds of Wyoming." The death of "Bugs" Raymond, who was killed by a street car in Chi cago the other day, has caused sad ness in Charleston, South Carolina, whldh Is thus expressed , by the Charleston News and Courier: "Bugs" was the greatest pitcher ever s;en on the Southern diamond. He helped Charleston to win the pennant last summer. He was a queer sort of genius, but nearly everybody liked him, and thousands of fans went out to see him In the box. They will re gret that he came to so untimely an end. He was expected to play next season in one of the big leagues, and it is certain that he would huve made a new mark had he been spared for this work. But probably "Bugs" might have failed, and that would have been worse than being run over by a street car. While his death Is to be. re gretted, there is some sort of consol ation In the thought thlat he died when his star was In the ascendant. Better that than to have waited until the fans on the grand stand and bleachers and in the box seats had lost interest In him and his brilliant work on the firing line. Good-bye, "Bugs," and pleasant sleep after your strenuous life. OTTH CONTEMPORARIES. Bad Boy. (Philadelphia Record.) But all the harm the President has done the country and it is a great deal is due to this notion of his that if he does not like anything it must be changed. Custom, usage, common con sent, ancient history, mean nothing to him. There is a story told of an Ameri can in Europe to whom a guide in a cathedral was pointing out a lamp which had been burning for seven cen turies. "Never out In nil that time?" queried the traveler. "Never," replied the guide. "Well. it's--out now," said the Yankee, blowing it out. That is precisely the attitude of Theodore Roosevelt. Prohibition and Liquor Statistics. (The Philadelphia Record.) It Is stated by Prohibitionist leaders that the territory which is "dry" now Includes fully one-third of the entire population of the United States. The number of people living under prohib itory laws is estimated at thirty-three million, or more than ten times the number thus protected against them selvps a quarter of a century ago. One wtiuld imagine that the expected bene-' ficent elTects would be shown in' a cor responding falling off of the consump tion of fermented and distilled alco holic beverages, but the returns of the internal revenue collectors snow no such effect. The tax receipts from whiskey withdrawn from bond for con sumption continue to mount from year to year, and the output of the brewers of malt liquors continues to Increase. Nor is this Increase merely proportion ate to the growth of population; on tne contrary, mo yci apii-a, ,.uuiiiy- tion in 1906 (a little more than twenty two and one-half gallons) was nearly twice the per capita consumed twenty years ago. How are these statistical facts to be reconciled with the claim that the ex tension of prohibitory legislation has the effect ct diminishing indulgence In stimulants? To assert that the slxty million people living in the territory where the sale of liquor is licensed consume all of the two billion gallons, or thereabouts, wmcn tne country an nually produces would oe to maintain an absurdity, and, moreover, it would bo demonstrably untrue. Our New Eagle. (The Hyannis Patriot) One of the few survivors of the twen ty who founded the Boston Art Club in 1854 thus criticises our new eagle: ' Con it be possioie tor any respecta ble eagle, or other fowl, to travel with his left wing outside his left leg and his right wing between his legs, cov ering' the right leg, as St. Gaudens has shown his idea of our national bird?" ELdSriC. "Ef Satan wus once in heaven, how come he didn't stay dar?" "He couldn't stan' prosperity po' devil!" Atlanta Constitution. Mrs. Jiggers "Mere talent is' so of ten mistaken for genius." Mr. Jaggers "It always is, by the man who has it." Cleveland Leader. The Dentist Now, open wide your mouth and I won't hurt you a bit. The Patient (after the extraction)- Table Waters' FOR THANKSGIVING LH The Big: Dinner is soon to be served. Do you serve nf nave you such Kitchen Ware as is needed for the cooking or such Table Cut lery as is needed for the serving? Even if you think you have all that's necessary, you'll and we have cer- ain Things to vt those fi,nish- ng touches which jlace' a dinner ibove the com .nonplace. THE J0FJBBAJ5ETT "The Secret of Slenderness. A feature so essential in the present styles les 1q wearing the cel ebrated "Todd Corsets" the eorrect foundation for modish gowns. Elastle stockings, ate., to measure. Henry H. Todd WS-384 TORSC IT. Doctor, I know what Ananias did for a living now. Illustrated Bits. "Toung man," Wailed the walking delegate, "do you believe in unions?" "You bet I do," replied the young man in the black suit and White tie. "Glad to hear it. On your ,way to work, I suppose?" "No, on my way to get married." Chicago Daily News. "Our clulb is going to give a. big en tertainment next month." ' "Yes, so I heard. Do you think It will be a success?" "Sure to be. We've arranged It so that every memlber is chairman of some committee or other " Philadel phia Press. First Youth"My papa put a man sard roof on our house." Second Ditto (proudly) "My papa put a mortgage on ours." First"! don't r.rp t .3jeard my papa say he was insured." beona tsun more proudly) "Huh! I hftftrd papa say he was insolvent" -JBalWmore American. Pristoer "Mandy, Ah doan under sfan' hdff you got de nerve ter stan' th'ar an' tell de .-Jedge that I didn't suppo't yS'." Mandy-'a'oge, in what pertickular did yo" ever suppo't me? Tell me dat." PMsoner-fe'Well, 'Mandy, didn't I alius go art' jet de washin fo' yo; ter do, an' didn't Tallus deliver it ter de white folks afir yo' got It done?" Detroit Free PrW. a , 2 r .... Extension and Libra ryables We think Aur showing of Extension an4 Library Tables ijijight aa iS ri They certaiK are a handsome assort ment, and there multitude of, designs from whicli to make V0lir selections. Furthermore, theconstruction and finish are reliable, the styles are the newest, and the most satisfactory feature is their mod derate cost. Examine them and be convinced ( that what we say is right. Tfie BoYditch 100, 102, 104, 106 TIE FORD MANUFACTURERS Vea!i8'.vi33tiin5!8weilit?.n stdsnpd in ficcordptise with, the Coiiiiecticuit.Uw. j5 Simple Shavir Glass. A new design in an adiusUbla shaving glass gives a man, for one dollar and a half, the convenience and light for his morning razor work, which has hitherto been possible only in a glass costing from; three to six times as much. With this glass, if you have light at all, you have light enough. Chase&Co. SHIRTMAKESS, 1018 and 1020 Chapel St. Automatic Eye-Glass Holders. i Sometimes called buttons, Trol leys, reels, etc., save you time, worry and expense. Over 80 different styles In stock, in gold, silver, enamel, gun metal and goM-Mled. Once tried always vscd. Fully naranteed and repair ed free of charge at any time. Opticians v GCl CJiapelStN&wHaoen - 855 Main. St, Hariford. Mu'nStSfiringA'eU, Mast, Mirrors of Quality. There is not to be found in New England a better assortment of Fine Mirrors than is carried In our stock. Our line, always complete, has been recently aug mented by the addition of many' with hand carv ed frames of the latest design. Our display ' (east r wall, near' en . , trance). Is an exhibition ' of the most artistic and best product of the high grade mirror worker. They are all reasona bly priced considering quality. ,. - Visitors Always AVeleome.. F. W. TIERNAN & CO. 827 Chapel Sires! ' Piano like thUjf $150.00 Everything "41" ,3:1 1 that makes mu-l sic. and all mu- s i o that 1 f played. Cltas. H. Loomls? B37 Chanel St, r , 4 . . . . ------ . .5.1 T' l H i t this season. Fumitme Co, ORANGE STREET. COMPANY - IMfOIYTEriS. 1 ' ' k