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Smyrna times. [volume] (Smyrna, Del.) 1854-1987, August 30, 1854, Image 1

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J Jfamilg |)aptr,§rtotel& to Cemperance, Hbralitg, datation, literature, Agriculture, airi General |ntclligeucc.
NEW SERIES-VOLUME I.— NO. 9.
SMYRNA, DEL., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1854.
WHOLE NO., 180.
flelrg.
Written for ths Smyrna Times.
L AS K A.
BY WINNIE G. HOWARD.
Gent!« Laska, blue-eyed Laska !
Long, tad years ago she fled,
Sixteen springs had softly showered
Flowers upon her gentle head.
Loving hand« and hearts caressed her.
Vainly strove to hold her here,
But her bright, untainted spirit
Panted for a holier sphere.
How she loved the dim, old bowers,
Formed by Nature's bashful hand !
There she'd sit and muse for hours
Of a brighter, happier land.
One bright day her footsteps lingered,
Lingered painfully and slow,
And her sweet voice sadly faltered
" Dearest brother, I must go.
** Hand in hand the vale we've scoured,
Heart to heart have pressed the stream,
Now another vale I'm travelling,
Lighted by a heavenly gleam.
" And another stream I'm wading.
Oh, my friends, 1 know it well,
Jordan's swelling waves are round me.
Dearest brother, fare-thee-well !"
Gentle Laska, blue-eyed Laska,
Where the clear, bright waters flow.
Never more her footsteps wander,
As in days of " long ago !"
Gentle Laska ! Earthly blossoms
Fall no more upon her brow,—
'Mid Heaven's brighter flowers she roameth ;
Laska is an angel now !
Philadelphia , 1854.
j
i
Written for the Smyrna Times.
LINES
Or ike Decease ol llcv. Alphonse Rollins.
A. iH.
Late Professor of Language* in Delaware
College.
BY TIIE PILGRIM RHYMER.
When asked if he saw his way clear, he
sweetly smiled, and said, 4 O, yes, Jesus is the
way,' and, in a few moments, he genty yielded
his spijit to God who gave it.''— Christian
and Jour.

lies
amid
I. What woful tidings come,
Upon the stilly air :
A knell as from the tomb
Bursts on the ear.
II. Bursts not to calmly die.
But echoes through the soul,
As hollow cares reply
To ocean's roll.
III. But why this doleful sound,
When saints in peafe depart 1
Or why this gloom profound
Upon my heart.
IV. Why should the eye o'erflow
When rest for toil is given 1
Why should we weep to know
A saint in Heaven!
V. " O, Jesus is the way,"
The man of God replied ;
And, smiling gloom away,
He gently died.
VI. No more shall envious art
Assail thy heavenly path ;
He needs uot fear thy dart
Who conquers death.
VII. O, may thy rest be sweet.
Thou blest departed one ;
O, how I long to meet
Thee round the throne !
me
me,
me
its
dure
a
to
I
I
in
Written for the Smyrna Times.
To Carrie.
Though sweetest flowers were entwin'd
Round thy brow, rich and rare,
Yet their sweets can ne'er compare
With a pure, and virtuous mind.
Tb« richest, rarest gem
That e'er deck'd R diadem.
The purest Nymph la e'er design'd.
That e'er sat on kingly head,
Were dim— its lost re dead.
When compared with a pure, chaste mind.
Flowers are but children of a day
To bloom, to pine, and fade away.
The dieoaond dims and sheda its light.
And soon is lost it« lustre bright ;
But gems of thought, and floweisofthc mind
W ill fore'er bloom, m
Lewes, Del.
Z.
'twin'd.
H. 0, B.
•|
Puj'ca thue humorously defines genders with
out the aid of Lindley Murray " The sun is
called Masculine, from his supporting and eus
moon, and in finding her the withal
_away, as «he doe« of a Right, and from
his being obliged to keep up a family of stsm
The moon is feminine, oecause she
ia constantly chaRging, just as a ship is blown
about by the wind. And time ia masculine, be.
he is trifling with the ladies."
. - '}.
kw cud vagrancy ar* the sur«
iBtemptraMc
to
cause
L.,;
—List #1
Original Articles.
Written for the Smyrna Times.
WAYSIDE FLOWERS.
No. 4.
BY PAUL PEMBERTON.
Celestial happiness, whene'er she stoops
To visit earth, one shrine the goddes. finds—
And one alone—to make her sweet amends
For absent Heaven—the bosom of a friend.
— Young.
The shadow creeps and creeps and is ever
looking over the shoulder of the sunshine."
M
In what state soever fortune may ordain
man to dwell, the draught of mingled joy and
sorrow will be placed to his lips. Affluence,
mediocrity and poverty partake equally of its
bitter and itssweet. The existence ol the old,
the middle-aged, and the young, is checkered
by vicissitudes which similarly affect their vic
tims.
Disappointments, joys nipped in the bud,
hopes blasted, bright prospects beclouded, plea
sures dashed to earth on the eve of the consum
mation, baffled efforts and razed a rent-ties are
the predominant characteristics of lile; never
theless, there are occasional sunny vistas,whose
glorious light, like the effulgence of the blazing
orb of day, conceals every sombre spot upon the
surface of existence. Too many lightly esti
mate the worth of their own happiness—yield
to irreconcilable sorrow, from bereavement,
reverse of fortune, or chimerical fobodings of
evil—meet the adversary of contentment half
abundant cause to rejoice : he has been Irans
planted from a thorny Wild to a garden ol pe-1
renniel flowers. Though his stark, rigid body
way, and surrender, with sheathed sword, to
his peace-usurping, joy-crushing monarchy.
Ot such a tone were the thoughts which
peopled my mind, as I sal one evening quietly
regarding a gas light, on the opposite side of
the street, from my window. 1 had just record
ed in my diary the death of Willard Smithson,
one with whom I had often jo ned in extravagant
hilarity,and by whose loved side I had often roved
through briary dingle—" through bonnie high
land heather.'
[ raised my pen and concluded
tiie solemn inscription :
Were the clouds to pour a shower of golden
drops, I would not accept them all, in exchange
for the recollections of W illard, the friend,
both of my youth and riper years. But 1 do
not murmur—I do not repine. Nay, I have
cm lirouded in sepulchral habiliments, be
nealh the daisy roots, his Ireed spirit triumphs
the fragrant blossoms of Paradise."
I discharged my pen, applied the key to a
small casket which stood on the table before
and took therefrom awhile enamelled card
which was Willard's autograph. Under
neath was penciled : " Whatever fate betide
my heart will turn to thee." He had given
llus when lilc's morning sun was shining
brightly upon him: ah, I dreamed not that ere
rays should absorb the dew (ism the ver
that grow along Ins pathway, the impartial
scythe of death would cut him away from my
gaze and incarcerate him in the ground-prison,
from my sympathy forever ! Next, l surveyed
handkerchief, neatly lidded ami tide with
while ribbon, which was my deceased triend's
dying donation. Fancy transported me again
the coach by which I bad kept unbroken
night vigils,curing the lust week ofhis illness.
saw the lading blue eye, the blarched cheek,
the lithe band, and heard the faintly articulated
sentencc, "1 want lo give you something. Faul ;
take this—keep it—for my sake." I dried a
starting tear With the souvenir and turned my :
eyes to a r.ng that glistened upon my finger.—
saw that ring again upon Willard's hand, as
b-ushed the light hair from his noble brow
health's joyous hour; then, ns his aching
head was supported in the incipient stage of
disease; then, quietly lying upon a spotless
counterpane; then, unconsciously tossed by
fever's impulse; then, alas! in contrast with
the sober vestment* of the tomb. Within the
consecrated walls of a plain, simple, country'
church, where, a few months previous, the be
loved form of my own dear father had lain, I
looked upon Willard's (sutures never to view
that familiar countenance again! The last
tear-filled eye bad rested upon his face, so
calm, so beaut'ful in death, and the last fond
heart had sighed its sorrowful adieu, when
this pretty ring was gently drawn from his
hand, and placed by a weeping mother upon my
—heart ! Truthfully spoke Dr. Hodgson,when
from the sacred desk of that temple, he declared
By thy low grave blue waters glide,
Bright sunbeams sleep on the sweet tide,
True memory whispers thou hast died—
Whose home in life was ever by my side."
Young man my brother, have you lost a
friend, one wtome memory » cherished as the
wunderer cherishes the remembrance of bia
native hills in his trans-atlantic home! Have
you a relic, a memento—something he loved
#r wor# _j' n t |j at fast-locked, carefnlly-put
away treasure-box, in your private chamber!
Perhapa you think, at thu moment, of the shu
dow in a brown morocco case, upon which your
optic nerve* are so frequently wont to dwell.—
You seek it— yea. here it is. Oh, it resembles
to Strikingly vor* ct«d-cov«r*d John,« George,
Willard Smithson to have been "a young man
upon whom a widowed mother might safely
lean.
4*
or Edgar, with whom, in other days, you had
intelligent, profitable converse, and enjoyed the
gay, glad song. Your attention is attracted to
a letter : you recognise the well-known super
scription and call to mind the very evening the
epistle was received. You recollect how quick
ly your hand explored every pocket in quest of
a stray copper, which you threw at the post-boy
and eagerly seized the welcome document.—
You open and read (the hundredth time) the
language of true, disinterested friendship,writ
ten when you were sepera^d irom that kindred
spirit fora short time. You inspect closely the
careless flourish of each capital a ml the pecu
l.ar cross-line ot each t. Though hastily exe
culed, how beautiful it looks! vastly superior
to the systematic characters of a i ess esteemed
follow sophomore ot w hom you h..vc; mug since
lost sight. You fohl the letter vith reverent
caretulness and replace it in its receptacle. A
deep-drawn sigh convulses your Ireast: it is a
sigh of loneliness. Y'ou glance at your present
catalogue of acquaintances—there are none
you esteem as you did the one who has passed
to
-"that undiscovered country,
From whose bourne no traveller returns."
You wonder if his vacancy could be filled by
another, and detect yourself repeating the
lines :
" Oh ! 1 love to feel thy presence,
Like a dream within my begirt,
And to know that though tho|u'rt absent
We do not dwell apart." !
You feel an inexpressible weight upon your
heart: a burden, heavy—heavy—heavy ! Per
haps it is a ponderous load of tears. You think
it is—aye, you knew it is ; but then you are a
out your an
lies, to press
and depress, until you desert the ideal world,
and mingle in the heterogeneous menesof real
life, among the matter-of-fact boxes ami bales
at your storehouse, or dabble in the ink at your
little, cobwebby office.
Such is life. But it matters not how poig
nant your grief or how deplorable your calami
ty, dear reader—be assured, be assured, there
are others—many others, who, you will discover,
are ready to evince motions of uiiassumed sympa
thy. Misery in her search tor company is not
long unsuccessful, and when affliction meets
reciprocal heart, her hapless condition "is ame
liorated, and half her wo is vanquished.
1 have culled you a boquel of Violets, Colum
! bine, Locust and Myrtle, which might have
been larger and possibly more Iragruut, had not
Lucy Roberts, a wild, romping scrap of fifteen
! man —consequently must not pour
i guis h. 80 t i, ere the unshed flood
!
sunny summers, thrust her round, mischievous
head into my sanctum and said :
Come day
dreamer, descend from heaven-aspiring visions
mingle among terrestial angels awhile.—
We're going to have a home-concert, a sort of
domestic soiree, you know, and Kate requires
your assistance, or rather, I mean your audi
i'
I I
dice.
I wiped my pen and thinking of the apothegm,
"There arc shadows us well as lights, clouds
well as sunshine, thorns as well as roses,
but much happiness after all," I placed Lucy's
arm in mine and descended to the parlor.
Philadelphia, Aug. 21, 1854.
What a brand doth tins vice fix upon ihe
reputation ! Have you not, my near friends,
the utmost abhorrence of a man w hose churuc
ter is that of a glutton or a drunkard! A clw
racter like this must necessarily be despised;
tor who will—who can repose any confidence
in such persons, especially whepe secrecy
concerned! Who knows not that they who
are guilty of this vice are disposed to various
crimes, and preparing for the greatest; for
when men's reason is lost, of what are they
not capable! Who knows not that they who
practice the vilest crimes—robbers, murders
and other such public offenders, generally heat
and prepare themselves, by excess of drinking,
for the perpetration of their guill[!—finding
Written for the Smyrna Times.
IN TEMPE RAN LE.
BY DIUVMUS.
often necessary to make themselves mad, before
they can have hardiness to commit their flagi
turns enormities—to a fellowship wherein the
unwary are frequently drawn by qn association
with them in their intemperate drinkings and
excess. But, further, where persons arc not
led to such gross evils, who knows not how
despicable men become by this vice, in the sight
of all sober people! Who knows not what
wretched and contemptible figure they make,
with stupid staring eyes, and muddled counten
. V., . .
ance; so contemptible, that could a drunkard
once himself in that situation, he could
fini (one would imagine) to despise himself
to avoid, as a scorpion, the excess which so
guises, degrades, destroy« all the rational
him,—could he, too, at the same Unie, hear
absurd, the weak, the offensive, the lewed,
immoral and profane follies whic i fall from
atunnnering tongue, he would forswear a
which, beyond all others, unmans and exposes
lo scorn. Let mo observe again that not only
health, the lortune, the reputation, the chasti
ty, but ali the peace of that man's mind
necessarily be destroyed, who is a slave to
vice. Even in the more joyful aours, conten
tion and qurrela are apt to arise; for " who
woe, who hath sorrow, who bath contention,
who hath babblings, who hath wound* without
cause, who hath reduce« of eye* 1—they
the boon companion and the circling glass—
deserted by his summer friends—unsupported
! l,y any inward consolation—how peevish, how
! pitiable, how deplorably wretched must be the
: decline of such a man's life ! Yet, neither is
! this the worst; for all who are unhappily con
nectcd with such a one must, in a measure, also
j feel his evils, and be deprived of peace. Who
jean paint in colors sufficiently affecting the
distressful situation of a tender wife, and the
j affectionate family ! The affected wife waiting
with anxious sorrow,and a thousand reasonable
and foreboding apprehensions, the return of a
husband deformed with intemperance; and
bringing to his home, not the cheerful endear
tarry long at the wine,
their only woes, for what can be more pitiable
than a man given up to severity of hi^own re
proaches on account of hie excesses, and of the
evil consequences, which he cannot help, flow
ing from them Î What peace of mind can such
a man enjoy 1 And, worn out with intemper
ance and disease, incapable any longer to relish
But these are not
ments of the father, tiro husband, the compan
ion, the friend, but tire foul, the litigious, or the
stupid debasement of the brute ! O ! shame to
human nature, to virtue,to tendernessand love!
And it is thus men destroy the sweetness of
domestic felicity, and drive themselves from
the enjoyment of that best earthly paradise—
their home!
LVW'
.mucous.
a
A Printer among the Patriarchs.
At the Printer's Festival, at St. Paul's, Min
nesota, Judge Goodrich, of that place, thus
spoke ;
Mr. President:—I present for the considera
tion of the assembly, the name and memory of
the first printer on record, a man ot the land
ot Uz— lus name was Job.
This man flourished as a philosopher and as
tronomer, in the year 1226, before Christ, ac
cording to the Christian era, and of the true
era, 1523—that is to say, 3367 years since, if
my chruaology be correct.
All of which will more fully appear, by refer
ence .to his lectures and philippics, recorded in
the Book ot Job, as delivered before three
learned gentlemen, named Elipliaz, the Teinan
itc; Zophar, the Naaiuatlnte ; and Blidad, the
Shuhite.
These lectures bear evident marks of ability.
They prove clearly that their author possessed
a knowledge of the Art of Printing.
not steal the lightning from Franklin—neither
would I rob Job—I would not do Faust wrong,
nor Cadmus wrong, (for he brought letters from
Syria to Greece,) nor would 1 wrong the disci
ples of Confucius, wie. successfully prosecuted
this art beyond the great wall before Christ ;
neither would I disparage the high claims of
the Egyptian God, Mercury—he too made pre
tensions to letters. I would " vindicate the
truth of history," by placing the name and sta
tue of Job in the highest niche in the temple of
letters—of this man of God himself makes hon
orable mention, thus:
" Hast thou considered my servant Job, that
there is none like him in all the earth, a perlect
and an upright man, one that feureth God and
eschewelli evil.
I admire the learning of the ancients—I am
opposed to tins modern antiquity. Give us the
correct chronology of your art. Let this man's
binh-day be celebrated with appropriate honors
—as to that day, I am at fault— 'lis the day he
cursed—let a committee be appointed to ascer
tain and report the same—let it be celebrated
twice a year ! Hear what Job says about print
ing :
•* O, that my words were now written ! Oh,
that they were printed in a book, that they
were graven with an iron pen, with lead in the
rock forever !
it
Here we have undoubted evidence that Job
understood the arts of Writing, Printing, En
graving, Stereotyping and Lithographing—he
mentions them in their regular order as they
have been re-discovered.
If not au editor, he was an able reviewer; he
. A ,, , , ,
Oh, that one would hear me; behold, my
desire is,-that the Almighty would answer me,
and that mine adversary had written a book."
shall speak for himself;
"I would declare unto him the number of my
a steps, asa prince would I go near unto him."
H« was an astronomer, and, like Franklin,
understood the laws governing electricity; he
.
says:
not "Out of the South cometh whirlwind, and
and cold out of the North."
dis* " Which makelh Arctarus,Orion and Pleiadea
in and the chambers of the South.
the He understood the laws which govern the
the vegetable and animal kingdom—the laws
his geology and mineralogy.
vice. And I will here state in conculsion, that the
»ingle fact alone, that the writings of Job are
the the most learned I ever read, save those
Solomon, (and I would not except his, but for
must the fact that Ood counted him the wisest man);
tin* i* proof to me, that Job was either a printer,
that he possessed a thorough knowledge ot thal,
hath art.
If we possess superior facilities for the acqu.
sition of learning to what Job did, why are
that. not more learoed 1 Are we inferior in oer gem-,
M
" Surely I would take it upon my shoulder
and bind it as a crown to me.
»1
us and faculties to Job ! Did wisdom (in fact)
die with him !
I make no pretensions to learning—I appeal
to you, Mr. President, us the representative of
the republic of letters," and I conjure you to
. . . , . . i
look to this matter. Us a subject worth your [
consideration.
[Loud applause.]
j
j a
j
j
I
Genkva, sends us watches; Nuremberg, toys; '
Trieste, rags ; and Newcastle, coals. Virginia j
sells us somthiug of the same sort, but we I
ther have forgotten the quotation or intended |
to leave suet things to our own truly classical
magazine, Putnam. The truth is that there
are localities adapted to certain branches, or !
else the followers of these occupations are gre- j
ganous. We have extracted a number of les- j
sons from the census table. One of the most i
important contains the number of each trade, [
profession and calling in the several-thirty-one I
olates of the Union. Some of these occupa- i
lions arc generally diffused, others are confined j
in large port uns to part cular Stales. Actors, a
Artists, Architects, Auctioneers and Authors, |
chiefly belongs to New York. Maine boasts a i
large portion of Agricultural makers. Ar- j
rnorers are divided between Massachusetts and {
Virginia. Pennsylvania is fond of Physic, for
it outstrips New-York one-half in the number |
ot its Apothecaries. There are only 1846 Ap- |
prentices in the Union, and these only in the ,
older States. Of Bankers, New-York, Penn- \
sylvania, Ohio and Massachusetts have the {is
largcst number. Louisiana is the Paradise of
Bar-keepers. New-York is ahead in Smiths,
In Boat-builders, Pennsylvania. In Boatmen,
New-York is far in advance, possessing one
third ot all in the Union. The same Slate con
tains nearly one-hail ot all the Boiler-makers.
In Brewers, Boilersand Distillers, Pennsylvania
takes the lead ; and (surely there can be no |
connection) in Bnckmakers. In Brokers and j
Broom-makers, the Empire State is peramount, '
»P. rlls ^' lll!, ^ ursi . ^ Ie ^ e y s, °ne. Mhere are
17.733 Butchers in the Union. Connecticut
boat* New-York and Pennsylvania together in
Button-makers. Pennsylvania and Massachu
printing States. Of Car
peiuers the Union holds 148,671. Texas is the
Cattle Dealing State. Maine nearly equals,
Now York, and surpasses Massachusetts in the
number ot her Caulkers. Pennsylvania con
lams the greatest number of Chemists. New
York near one-fourth of the hundred thousand
Cleiks ji the Union. Connecticut one-half of
the Clock makers. Massachusetts possesses
mure Comb.makers than any two State, and is
tor ahead ot any other State in Cord wainers;
31,944 ply their awl, to 130,473 in the Union,
1 lie same State is chief in the Cotton Manufac
ture. In Drovers and Dyers, Pennsylvania is
ahead, in Editors, Now York. The Farmers
ol the Union are 2,363,958—the great basis of
the Republic-—and of these. New Yory contains
311.591. Ot Fishermen, Maine and Massachu
setts contain nearly equal numbers, and to
Stat«s and their Vocations.
s eits are the Calico
gelber as many as the remainder of the
Stales. In Glass Manufactory, Pennsylvania
and New Jersey excel. All the Grate-rnakcrs
ban from New York. The Grocers of New
Out number those of Pennsylvania, Ohio and
Massachusetts combined. In Hardware Mas
saehusettg has the palm. California is the
State of Herdsmen. Pennsylvania of Hosier-;,
In India-rubber Rode Island bears the bell,
iron founders and workers, Pennsylvania is far
ahead, having more than three times as many
as New York the next State on the list. The
Joiners ot Maine nearly equal those of New
Y ork, riiere are 069,786 laborers in the Union,
1 here are a few more Machinists in Massachu
setts than in New York. Of mariners, Maine
has 13,125 ; Massuchustts, 16,665; New York,
11,143; Union, 70.663.
« rights, Pennsylvania takes the leads,
forum boasts 57,361 mines; Pennsylvania 9,
418. Now Y'ork is the Musical State, Massa
clmetts is the Mail making State. Pennsylvania
distances the field on her Ostlers, Virginia
and Maryland are the States (or Oysterman,
and New Jersey follows them close. On Patent
Leather, New Jersey is pre-eminent,
turnery, Pennsylvania. In Pilosophical Instru
ments, New Jersey. Kentucky is the Pilot
Slate. Ohio is the State for Plane-makers,
Polishers and Potters.
w _
UU< i J* î* le ad m Refectories. In Rope i
Ï? 1 < ll l-m.ik*T6, Ma-sachusetts and New York !
New Hampshire takes the precedence in those |
small woucien articles yclept shoe-pegs—need
say no more. In Silk Manufacture, New
Jejsey. In Spinnors.Massachusetts and Rhode
Island. In Spoons,Connecticut. In Stevedores
Louisiana and Massacusetts. The Tailors in
the United States are 52,079, and one-fourth
of them belonging to New York. North Caro
lina equals New York in toy-men, and exceeds
the rest of the Union many times in Turpentine.
The officeholders are 10,268. Ohio beats all for
Wagon-making, and Pennsylvania has 23,268
In Millers and Mill
Cali
In Per
New York and Louisi
weavers, four-fold the rest ol the Union. The
Wood cutters exceed those of any other State.
And to conclude this glance at the employment
ot - the Union, we fin 6 d lhe total num Vr who
work by hand or head in the United Stats, by
j the late census, 5,891,876.— Wall Street Jour •
nal.
A Good Joke.—T wo females escaped from
the jail at Rome, a few nights since. In the
a constable was despatched after them.
On the way he overtook two "young ladies,"
who ael:e d hjm for a ride> & nd gallantly took
them in his vehicle and carried them to Utica,
i It turned out that they were the girls he waa
»fter! But he didn't know it.
j 8 ei~ «T wosp-wa'isted young lady in
ringlets and an abundance of flounces, grace
fully sail to the head of the table with a voice
as angelic as a tenoiQlute, call to the waiter
" ** m081
of Here is a pretty good hit for an anti
woman's right* man to make:
The cradle is the ballot-box for a woman,
w^w.cViff Tothetof
, eQl , J f! , (
|J À','*! ' r
' n * A * rlune « ««»*»4
'^c oul) te r .Ch«nas—Pretty-uhop girl «.—Pun
chinait*.
Delaware excels all other States for virtue
and morality.
The California Snake Bird.
Alexandria S. Taylor, of Monterey, in his
"Familiar Sketches of the Natural Iltstory of
California." says, that in the coast counties of
Southern California there exists a singular spe
cies oi bird, generally called, on account ofhis
„ known morta i aversion to all members of
It is not
the snake tribe, the "snake bird,
bird of prey, but lives entirely on grain, like
the gallinacin. When full grown, it measures
two feet from the end ofhis tail to the tip of
its beak. The tail has four or five long feath
ers tipped with while, lis feet are furnished
with four toes, two in front and two behind,
and all are guarded with sharp, needle-like
Haws. The color of the bird is a mottled,
yellowish gray, and it rarely attains the weight
a pound. Its beak is two and a half inches
long, and very hard and sharp,
When the bird finds a rattlesnake—and rat
tlcsnakes are to be foud in great numbers in
Southern California, wherever the ground is
covered by the cactus plant—it immediately
proceeds, with the greatest caution and des
patch, to gather the fallen cactus fruit and dry
lobes, and quietly enclose him in to the bight of
foot or more—the spikes and spines of the
plant, strong and sharp as needles, serving as
insurmountable barrier to the escape of the
snake. Thisbeingaccomplished,the birdgath
ers with its feet and claws the young cones of
the pine, which are as hard and as heavy as
«tones, and hovering over its enemy, lets them
fall, one by one, from a bight of five or six
feet, upon the infuriated viper, who, eurround
ed by prcklcs and points wherever he turns,
soon fully aroused to the danger of his posi
lion. The bird with malicious screams, con
tinues to drop cone after cone, until his foe is
exhausted, and than picks the snake to death
witli its iron beak,
Profusion of Life in the Ocean. —Not a
shell or a stone is brought up, but is thronged
with living beings. Every branch of weed
gives shelter to multitudes of creatures—some
temporary lodgers, some permanent residents.
Lite is parasitic upon life. The Snrptila builds
its stony case on the abode of the shell-fish,
and the delicate lace-work of the moss coral
overspreads the surpula. Over the stem of the
sea-weed creeps the graceful plumes of the
zoophyte spring. These, again, are thickly
invested by the pretty cells of many smaller
species; and they, in turn, minute as they arc,
often bear in profusion the curious terms of
microscopic animalcules. Let us take a stone
from the heap that is lying in our boat. It is a
perfect museum in itself. It is richly colored
in parts by the nnllipore —one of the lowest
forms of vegetable life, which does for the
scenery of the ocean what the moss and lichen
do for the scenery of the upper world. Here
is a circular cluster of cells, "looking like
beautiful lacework carved in ivory;" here a
iittle saucer of the purest whiten.es, containing
within ita number of stony tubes, the habitation
of a whole company of tiny poly pies. A sponge
overgrows one portion ot the stone, itself the
home of many a living thing; a sea anemone
possession little encrinite
is present, and near it a small star-fish. There
are worms, too, in plenty, and more of life and
beauty besids than we have space to describe.
It is pleasant to think of the amount of happy
existence which a single stone may support,
The forms to which we have chiefly reffered
are visible to the unassisted eye ; but as Hum
bolt remarks, " the application of the micro
scope increases in a most striking manner our
impression of the rich luxuriance of animal
life in the ocean, and reveals to the astonished
senses a conciousness of the universality of
being."— Kx.
The Revolution in Spain. —The latest ad
vices from Spam are highly interesting con
firming, as they do, the complete triumph of
the revolutionists. Order has been restored,
not only at Madrid, but in all sections of the
kingdom. The Queen had accepted the con
ditions exacted by Espartero and her arrival
at the capital was daily looked far. What will
be the character of the reception she will meet
remains to be seen. In advance of this move
ment, the Queen has issued to her subjects, in
which the uiual amount of diplomacy and
duplicity is mingled with the most abject
stooping to the revolutionists. If the const!
tutional party, under Espartero, depend upon
ro y a i promises than rough blows, their efforts
W1 H t, e crowned with no permanet consequences
hcnefiicial to the people. The present Queen
of Spain is naturally an intrigueress. All the
acts of her life, both of a public and private
nature, prove this fact. Neither will she hesi
tate to depart from the truth to suit her purpose.
Witness the falsehood, invented by her self,
for the purpose of driving M. Olozaga from
power, in the declaration that she made that
he had used personal violence to compel her
to sign the decree for the deseolution of the
Cortes. With such a monarch no promises or
pledges well be binding. If then, the revo
lutionists under Espartero wish to derive any
substantial benefit from the revolution, upon
the tide of which they have been swept into
power,they should be satisfied with nothing hut
the entire abdication of the Queen in favor of
her daughter. With Espartero at the head of
a constitutional form of government, the people
may expect some ameloration in their condition
but from the Queen, with all her promises, no
thing ean be hoped.
.
Modern. — "Blanchy, my son, run to the
store and get me some sugar,
ma, 1 am somewhat indisposed this mommg.—
Send father ; and tell him to bring me a plug of
tobacco."
»»
Excuse me,
03" a man must educate himself. College
learning is often worse than useless. Franklin,
Burns, Chantry, Rittenhouse, Ferguson, Sie.,
were self-taught. Let men learn to think.
03" Francia Pigg, of Indiana, has run away
from Mrs. Pigg and four little Piggs. The
Post says, " he is a perfect hog.
♦ »
03" The times are getting so hard that poor
pie can't pay attention.
0£r Know Nothings—natural and artificial
tbe Standing-Stone donkeys.
03" Ten editors have been elected to
Canad an Parliament.
re

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