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The monitor & Wilmington repository. [volume] (Wilmington, Del.) 1800-1801, May 23, 1801, Image 1

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" Whatever meafures have a tendency it diffolve the Union, or contribute to vi late or Ufin the Sovereign Authority, 7
ought to be ctmJJered as hoßiie to the Liberties and Independence of America." - Geo. Washington. J
[Tot. No. 103.
Door« below Mr. D. Bsunton'« Tavern, High-Street, Wilmington, Dv.imrARt,
[One-Half in Advance.
SATURDAY, May 23, 1801.
Three Dollars per Annum.]
* * The Creditors of William fc? The
ma* Jordcm, Cotton-Printers, late of
Brandywine, are hereby notified, that a
Dividend of their property is ready to be
paid to the different Claimants, on appli
cation to William Hemphill, one ol the
To be* RENTED for a terra of > ars,
A Merchant and Saw-Mill,
tf. situated on Redclay Creek, one mile
a ha'f f rom Newport, and one tube from
St-iuntoti • 'I he Saw-Mill is in ged order—
»he Merchant-Mill will be complet d, fo that
poffrffion may be had on the firll of June next.
r For term, euquirc of the fubftrtber, on the
Wilmington, May 10, 1801.
CJ- Gentlemen in different parts of the
United States who have received the
propofols and undertaken to obtain fub
feriptions for the Country Gazette of the
United Staten, are reqüefted to return
them by the 1ft day of June, in order that
the publication may be commenced, or a
Telinquifnment ot the objeél take place.
All perlons defirous of becoming fubferi
bers, are Fequefted to forward their
names, immediately, as the publication
will not be commenced unlefs the number
ftipulated (500 exclufive of the prefent
Country Subfcribers to the Da.ly Ga
zette) iliould be obtained. Thole difpof
ed to become fublcribers need only tranf
mit their names at prefent—the advance
will be demanded on the receipt
of the' firft number.
Dana in Virginia —i ,000 Acres
URSUANT to the Laft will and Tefta
of John Quandaille, la'c of
Vhitcclay Cretk Flundied, Comity nf_ New.
cattle, dtceafed—I wiil expufe at public fale,
Wvdncfday the 3 d of June next, at the
lioufe of Captain John ElbVt, (late Jtckfon'a
) in the borough of Wilmi. gton,
a ccn
Trahi of Land,
Containing, by fumy, One Thoufand Acres,
two.third« of which are fine bottom—lying and
being in the Cou'ty of Monungahela, Com 4
fiionwealtb of Virginia, on the water« ot Sandy
Creek, and within ten miles of Morgan-town,
a fiourifhing. in proving place, bed the county
and pod town —in tire center of a rich, healthy
This land is timbered
and delightfnl cottntiy.
with hickory, biack-Walnut, and vaft groves
•f the Eugar_Tree—a»d would prove a piofit.
able purchafe to any perfon who would refide
thereon, and cultivate it to petfeftion. .Thole
who are acquainted with that part of the coun
try, and know this Ipot, mull rra-lilv agrte,
tfiat fo valuable a trad is rarely offered for file,
ttnlefi in the prefent inllance, to comply with
the laft will Af the deceafed, and to difeharge
the duties of an execut r.
C3* Condition« of fele will be made known,
at »he timeand place afnrtfiid, by
C3* All perfons indebted to the eftate rf the
above, mentioned JOHN QUAND RILLE,
deceafed, are requefted to make immediate
payment ; and thofe who have any demands,
to prefect them, properly authenticated, ior
iettlemcnt, to
IOHN HALL, jnn. Executor.
95 'df
April 3 , 1801 .
May e.
One Dollar Reward.
£j* Runaway from the fubfertber living
sb.iut five milea from Wilmington, county of
Newcttflle, flute of Delaware, a Negro man
imnud Jim, he is about five feet ten or eleven
inches high, tall and Aim, and vety much
knock knecM; fiuey, ill behaved and im
pertinent. Had on when he went away, a
pair of ftriped linen trowftro, liufey jacket, a
Jihgt coloured fltort coat, an old pair of fhoes,
a wool hat, and other »banges of clothes
pot known. Whoever will trke up the faid
Negro and fccure him in any jail, fo that hi«
mailer may get him again, (hall have the above
»«ward and no charges paid.
April tj
From iht New-Englaud Palladium.
French policy compared ovilh that of other nations.
Tliucidyde», the m.>(l authentic liifteriao of
ancient Gr. ece, inform» us " that the lull of
domination made the polite and humane Greek«
treat each other with a degree of ferocity un*
known among the moll baibareus nations."—
But it was refetved lor the polit» and huma"C
France, at the cleft of the 18 th century, to
exhibit the proofs of fuperior refentment in c»n
nibalifm, by drinking each miles blood, and
compelling their wretched vidtims to dii: k it
—by toailing the heart» of rlieir murdered
neighbour and earing them, by throwing 50
half murdered people of different fixes into a
p.t wi.h ur.flscktd lime a id clofing them up,
and then to honour the wretch who had done
this with the approbation of a Icgdl tor of
the nation. Tbrfe faä« are related by differeut
writer» and vouched by ainpie authority.
" Menhir..« were concerted," fay« Boife
A'Anglais, " to cftabiiih the empire of death
or terror, and nf e 'ime." * 4 For fix years, faid
Bourdon Delolft, crime hr.s been conffimly
increafing—eveiy epoch of the revolution,
every new event hits augmented ferocity.
" fn the democratic government of Greece,
ambitious nun, who aimed at the lubverfion of
public liberty either banifheJ or put to death,
ail the hotielt men in their power —well know
in,;, tlrat thin tymnny would be ftftcure if 1 o
neft and influential men remained. The fame
has been invariably done in France ; but it i»
not recollected, that the Grecian de - agogues
ever propofed bleeding their vifiims before the
time of ex cution, to l.ffen their fortitude,
and thus prevent the dangerous example of
martyred virtue, difdaring fear of men and
trufling to the mercy ar.d jullice or the Deity.
In France this propofat w as a charge which
was fuflaiu- d .igainft the revolutionary tribunal.
Mr. R. W, Montague, into.ms us, that in
Sparta, the gr at debtors, who were alio land
holder«, agreed with the populace to u-ite
th ir force« to ab-lilh dtbrs & divide the land«.
The debts were accordingly »bol ibid, but
tliio being once accomulifh.-d, which wai ail
that the debtor« defi ed, ihe land» remained
to their poffeffor«, and the people were duped.
Something of this fame kind laid been done at
Äthers, under S Ion ; and fume thing of the
fame ki d liai been long the delideiatum ef
fome modern law givers, by which people who
borrow may be freed from the obligati ins to
pay, aod thu> live up.m the itidailry of others
I Arnold rjoice, iaid Mr. Gibbon, in 1792 ,
to teeafree co ilitutional monarchy in France.
" I find nothin;' a-cient or modern that bears
affinity to til'- preftnt lime." (for vice and mnd
refi) " The t».tal iubveifion of all ord ir
would only produce a popular monder, which
after devouring evtry thing elle mud finally
devour itfelf." 'I his opinion of th« Roman
hillotian :6 remarkably verified already—the
popular monder has fii * »tally devoured iifelf,
that there ia probably itfs .eel power in France
than there liai been at any period ft cc the
cmqueft ot Gaul by Julius Catiar ; the go.
vernmrnt is altogether military ; the generals
are able, and the difeipliue is inflexibly fevere.
•• Rome (from the nature of her conditu i
on) could not exifl without a command over
otiier nation", and, therefore, never «ni at
peace, while an enemy remained ttrong enough
to make tertm " The vital fyftcm of revoiu
tionary France, has been underllood by all
who have governed at Pari«, fince 1792 , to
depend wholly on war, fpoil and rapine.
<> YVniie Rome was c irquering the world,
fh; bad perpetual war» in her own bofom ; the
ffreat men excited among the common people
a hatred of royalty, that they themfclvei, might
poffof« it« power ; but in doing tins they
lighted up trea wh.ch could n.ver be ext.n
guiffied, and whjch cort.mially threatened o
cosfune them Th.-people did not hud the
promifed blcffi ign of liberty, and became e t*
mieswf the government."—All this had been
acted over in France, with this d.fferenee, that
they have got a military mailer, after feven
year« ftrtiggle only, which at Rome continued
feven centuries. One reafo« for this may be,
that France b-gan her carerr with tw.-my five
million» of peopft, and Rom • with only as sil
ty hundreds. Another re foil ia, that fiience,
commerce, property, and the uftful ari 5 . were
objeft» of fueh unufual attention and inter ft
the French, that their leaders hav«
found it i tnpoffible to change their habits ;
whereas, among the Romani, thofe were the
concerns of Have«, while the knowledge fie ta
hnts of citizens were wholly confined to war».
But a third reafon i , that in France the force
of religious fentiment, has been defljmyed
which in Rome, waa cheriflied as the bed fe
curity for all the moral virtue«.
The maxims ef the Roman« enabled the»

to fubdueall the Unrounding nation«, but thin
being done there was an end of the republic."
The french republic, if it ever merited that
plctely extincuifhed by
Buonaparte than the Roman by Csel'ar, though
a Roman wai obliged to prefeive the form«,
while he abolilbed the fubftance ; Buonaparte,
a foreigner in France, baa ahaliflied every
thing, and preferibei a new conlUtuii .n, con
centrating ail power in liimfelf, and compel
led the French people to adopt ir.
" The arts of the kiynans did as much a»
their arm« t uvard» the coi queftef the worb,.
Whatever people withdrew them allegiancy
from their own government w<re tnrtmed.ately
sc cn jwlcdged as a tea o. ome o ia <
goveroment cou d rely on it. own ubjeft., and
if any city wai left free, there was conltautly
maintained in it, a faAion who held the mon
ftrou. Jodl ine—that the wi l of Rome was the
On the 22 d in the evening, the Engliih
nrnifter, Mr. Drummond, and the envoy
plenipotentiary, Mr. Vanfittart, arrived
here from Copenhagen. The Engllh who
relided here, were required immediate
ly to leave Denmark with them ; but they
refufed, and fome of them even faid, that
they would remain in Denmark, whatever
n.'ght be the confequcnce. Only the
Engliih conful, and fome other perlons,
who had particular reafons for it, went
on board the Engliih frigate lying here,
which about noon failed 1 'or the Engliih
fleet lying above Kuillen. The reft have
not only received permiflion from the
D an i Ih government to remain here, but
are permitted to choofe the place where
thev will refide, and are promifed fecu
rity and full protection from the laws,
'Fhe day before yefterday, and \ efterday,
the Engliih fleet was very plainly to be
le en hero. On the day before yefterday
it was in the bay of Torrekor ; but yel
terday in the afternoon, it was on the
Danifh coaft, near Gilleleye, two German
miles from Elfmeur. It is faiJ the ad
miral has difpatched a faft-failing ihip to
England, and waits its return before he
undertakes any tiling further ; the truth
of this report however, is much doubted.
Yefterday afternoon the Danifli cutter
brig Garven, failed from hence for Co
penhagen ; the inhabitants have received
orders from the magiftrates to hold them
f .lives in readinefs ; in lliort, we are pre
pared to repel any hoftile attack with vi
your. To day we can fee nothing of the
Engliih fleet. The day before yefterday
it was reported here, that the Ruffian fleet
of fixty-one fail had arrived at Bornholm ;
this, however we now know to be without
foundation. It it is now faid, that not
the great fleet from Cronftadt, but the
f,nailer Ruffian fleet, of twelve lliips of
the line, and fome frigates, has already
arrived in the vicinity of Copenhagen.
To dav, from noon till four in the af
ternoon, the wind has been M. \V. and
therefore very unfavourable for the Eng
lifli fleet if they intend to attempt the paf
fage ; but, as vet, not a fliip is to be
feen ; they feem as to have vanilhed ;
we are, neverthelefs, fully prepared for
P. S. We are this moment a (fared that
the Engliih fleet is at the entrance of the •
Sound, and will take advantage of the
north weft wind, to attempt the paffage of
name was more com
only law.
This article haj been fufficient to diforgati"
ize ahncifl every nation in Europe, and haj
brought m«ny under the upprcfltve yoke of the
European News.
HAMBURG, Marck 25.
Within a few days Pruffian troops will
occupy the territories of Haiîiburg and
Bremen—they will not take poffelfion of
the cities, and we are, therefore, under
no alarm.
March 20 .
The object of the miffion of the French
courier, who arrived here a lew days ago
from Paris is no longer a leeret. His
difpatches relate to a demand of 4,000,000
livres made by the French government
upon this city, payable in three days.
A bill to that amount on the houfe of
Chapeaurouge & Co. has even been pre
fented for acceptante. The fenate held
a meeting on the 18th, which foiled fron»
the morning till late m the afternoon, for
taking into conlideration this unexpected
requeft, for the payment of which the
French republic makes the whole city
refponiible ; though it is reported that it
w ;u immediately concern only certain
rich individuals, who, as merchants, have
j n poffeffion a great deal of [ roperty
belonging to French emigrants, or other
pelions who have been guillotined during
^ r({ of telTor>
Manv reports, injurious to the commer
c ^ 0 f t h e celebrated houfe of
_ r . , .
Chapeaurouge & Co have very mduftrt
been circulated on this occafion, but
they are not entitled to any credit. Cha
peaurouge has been fummoned before
the fenate, and offered, it is faid, to pay
one million of livres, but this is not deem
ed fulHcient.
The French courier has not yet been
difpatched with an anfwer, nor has the
refolution taken by the fenate, on fo ur
gent a bufinefs, hitherto tranfpired.
Many perlons are of opinion, that the
French government only trump up this
new claim, that it may have a pretence,
; n cafe of non-compliance, to bring this
little republic, which has exilVed in ref
pectable independence for fo many cen
turies, under the dominion of fome fo
brings to and fearches aim g ft every veffel
that goes down.
Or, the ISthinftant, Mr. Cockbum, the
Engliih conful rendent here, fent notice
to the captains of l'uch Engliih fhipa a 3
ftill remain in this harbour, to di op down
to Cuxhaven as fpeedilv as poflible, where
a frigate would be in readinefs to convoy
them to England ; but owing to contrary
winds, they have not been, as yet, able
to fet fail,
We have received intelligence that the
Engliih fleet is off Anholt, fleering, tu
wards liebt. 1 lie guns have been taken
out of fome of the frigates. It appears,
therefore, that the paffage will be attempt
ed with the fmaller fnips of war.
TIEBAU, February 23.
_ ~ .
Nine (hips laden with corn have failed
from the port of Rultock to England ;
but both the Ruffian and Prullian minifters
have made representations to the govern
ment of Mecklenburg, in order to pre
vent fimilar fupplies for the future,
The price of wheat is now here 150
rix-dollars per laft, flax 21 and 22 rix
dollars per fliippound, hemp 15 rix-dol
lars per ditto.
Our ftore of fait is exhausted.
Ubcs fait colts 100 rix dollars, Liverpool
and French, 30 rix dollars per lait,
On the 2 d inftant, the department of
trade and commerce affembled all our
merchants, to communicate to them the
emperor's gracious refolution to öfter
them frigates for the conveyance ot their
reign potentate.
Nothing can exceed the alacrity with
which the military preparations of de
fence are carrying on in the Duchy
of Holftein, and particularly on the Elbe.
Nine gun boats, very well armed, are
now Rationed on this river, a little below
the Danifh harbour of Altona, which.
ALTONA, March 16.
March 4.
The trade and correfpondence with.
France have been allowed as before the
A new courfe of exchange has
been introduced by the Court Gazette.
On the Gth inftant, the ruble was 49 lotis.
The Ruffian department of trade has
given orders for the fele of all the
fequeftered Bri'.ifli property by public
auction on the exchange.
VIENNA, March 14.
Lord Minto received a courier from
Conftantinoplc, on the night of the 12th,
{ ince which it was reported 6000 men bc
ongiiig to general Abercrombie's expc

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