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Mobile daily commercial register and patriot. [volume] (Mobile, Ala.) 1834-1841, September 06, 1841, Image 2

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MONDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER (>. ISO.
Washisutun, Aug. 2S.
The fonificaliun bill »va, cnlleilMp.bwt ow ing to tla*
absence of the Charman on Military Affairs, Mr.
I're.tun, was passed over. The same thing has hap
(toned three limes.
The tariff hill was taken up. Mr. Clay of Ken
tucky, offered amendments—the 1st, to increase the
duty on watches, jewelry, &r. from 121 «<• 20 per
cent. This was opposed by Messrs. Calhoun, Wright
ami King, nn the ground that it would induce smug
gling, drive the fair trader from the market, and im
pair the revenue. The amendment was carried.
The Senate then went into Executive session. It
is understood that toe nominations of Col. Todd as
Minister to Russia, Mr. Jenifer as Minister to Aus
tria, and of Col. Wool as Brigadier Gene al were
confirmed.
The correspondent of the Charleston Patriot of
thin date, says:
In rase of a resignation of the present Cabinet, it
is said that the President would select J. C. Calhoun
as Secretary of War; Mr Jones, of Va. as Secretary
of the Treasury; Mr. \\ right, for the State Depart
ment, and Major liobbie,as Post-master General.
\\ e are truly m a very unenviable stale of affairs,
and it has been well said that the present is a crisis
in our political history .
In the House the bill providing for the salaries and
outfits of foreign Ministers, Sic. was taken up. It is
as follows: . ...
For outfits of Ministers lo Russia, fcpain, Mexico
and Hrazil, and of charges d’affares to Portugal,
Denmark, Sardinia, Naples, Chili and Texas, sixty
three thousand dollars. ^
For saleries to ministers to Spain and Brazil for
the residue of the current year, eight thousand dol
lars.
For saluries of the secretaries of legation to
the same places, one thousand eight hundred dollars.
Mr. Ingersoll moved to strike out the items for
Sardinia and Naples. He said these missions ori
ginated in the House without Executive recommeii
tion, and were useless. No return minister had ever
come from Naples. He considered the mission as
having been created more for the benefit of persons
than for the country.
Latest from Washington.
(Correspondence of the Courier.)
Washington, August 30.
Wc are flooded with rumors as to the probable
I course of the whig party, in Congress, the dissolu
tion of the Cabinet, the formation of a new party, flr.
It is now pretty certain that the “Fiscal Corporation”
will be pasted by the Senate, and that immediately.
It is even said that they will pass it this day, the op
position being willing to forego any discussion. Mr.
Archer will vote for the bill, on the gronnd that it is
necessary to regulate the custody wf the public money.
No doubt is now entertained 1>y any one that the
President will return it with his objections. He con
siders it as liable, it is said, to some of the constitu
tional objections which he has heretofore indicated,
and to be a political measure, having less reference
to the public good than to a design to “fasten” him.
Rumor adds that he is disposed, at a proper time,
and after due deliberation, to recommend to Congress
a scheme of Finance upon which both sections of the
whig party can unite.
Speculation, however, is very busy in predicting j
the most unfavorable consequences from the second ,
veto. A large portion of the whig party, including j
all the friends of Mr. Clay, will, it is confidently said,
unite in denouncing Mr. Tyler, and act, hereafter, in
opposition to him. The states rights wing of the .
party, together with some of the Harrison and Web
ster inen, aided by a portion of the locos, will tlen i
form the Administration party. No cabinet changes
will take place during this session. The President
would not send his nominations to the senate in their
present temper. A change is confidently spokei of
as likely to occur during the recess. 'The new cabi
net will, it is said, be composed of moderate wkigs,
as distinguished from the ultra bank party, of stales
rights whigs, and perhaps of one or more locos.—
'There has been a rumor that Mr. Buchanan woild be
offered the State Department. But Mr. U’s friends
positively declare for him, that he will not accept it.
The President, it is said, was present at a very
pleasant reunion of the Whigs, at Mr. Critteiden’s
house on Saturday night, and that the meeting be
tween the President and Mr. Clay was very cordial.
Great excitement exists, at the North, at file op
position in the Senate, to Mr. Everett's nomination.
That nomination will probably l)e laid on the table.
It is rumored that, in this case, Mr. Webstei may be
sent to England.
The Cabinet.—The Washington correspondent
of the New York Ev: Post says:—
It is now no longer a secret, either at the capital
or at the While house, that the cabinet is to bp speed i
lv dissolved. Last Friday, the President intimated
to them that he could not harmonize w ith them in po
licy, and hinted they had be-ter retire. They still
hold on, in faint expectation that the “captain” will
be “headed,” by some new bank bill. Tley have
lieen busy in pressing this fiscal corporation upon hiui
and have acted towards him disengenuously in this
business. Pride would prompt them to resign at
once; but they say they will hold on till dismissed,
for the sake of the interests of the whig party)
“AN ACT to provide for the better collection, safe
keeping and disbursement of the public revenue, by
means of a corporation to be styled the Fiscal Gor
poration of the U. 8.”
This is the unique title of the last young duck offe
deral ovation, and we desire to “keep it befare the
people.” No wonder the annunciation of its “name
and style” was received with “roars of laughter!”
“The bill,” says the New York Sun, “is as long
as the constitution, and yet it passed the house with
out, or nearly, without discussion.” This is true.
Mr. Sergeant who brought in the bill, was the only
member who spoke with anything like direct tefer
encc to it, and he talked tinder the hour hand of the
clock and the gag rule of despotism. All the rest
was “leather and prunella.” Wise, Marshall, Prktfit,
Pope and Underwood launched out into the field of
personal politics and debated with the most piqtant
asperity the new issue of “C/ay vs. Tyler.” When
they concluded their exhibition of the “union of the
whigs for the sake of the Uuion,” the great ineaAire
for “heading Capt. Tyler,” passed by a triumphant
majority.
In view of Uiis charming specimen ol pruviert
whig legislation, the National intelligencer goes off
into a fit of rapturous delight. He calls upon Goi
and the country to bless this most excellent congress,
and carves out a niche in the highest temple of wisdoii
and fame, wherein these extraordinary legislators, of
this most extraordinary congress are to be embalmed
in the grateful remembrance of their countrymen ir
all future time.—0 Ttmpora/ Mores!!
We learn that John Tyler, President of these
United States, was burned in effigy at Hayneville,
Alabama, by a band of indignant patriots, soon af
ter the advent of Vkto No. 1.
Similar symptoms of fury have been exhibited
elsewhere—at the north, east and west.
At Columbus, Ohio, the following rampant hand
hill was put forth on the same occasion :
Whigs! to the rescue!!!
John Tyler lias turned traitor to your cause! he
has put his veto upon the expressed will of yosr im
mediate representatives! He has set up his dictato
rial edict as the law of the land, against the Lnown
will of those who elected him! TURN OUT, then,
and let the Dictator know that you are not slaves.
Let us meet at the Engine House at ten o'clock this
morning, and place our seal of reprobation cn this
would he despot.
Friday, Aug. 19. MANY WHIGS.
The election held last week, for three members
of the State Legislature, from the city of New Or
leans, to fill vacaucies, has resulted in the choice of
Manuel Ducros, Geo. K. Rogers and A. E, Canon
—the last a democrat. There were five other can
didates
The yellow fever in New Orleans seems to be aba- |
ting. The number of deaths from it on Friday and j
Saturday was about 25—the latter day only 9.
The deaths reported for the last week in Charles
ton were only 10._
Coming Faith.—A few weeks ago, the Adver
tiser laughed outright at our prediction of the dis
solution of the whig party. Time has fled, and the
editor begins to snuff the coming trouble, liis faith
was then no bigger than a mustard seed—it is now
growing to be a huge tree The end is not yet, but
our neighbor is getting converted to our monstrous
heresy
When the veto No. 1 came the Advertiser pro
iminred a fiineral sermon on“Tyler t.Mi,*'and declar
'd that he had “rashly «*tmdcred the ties”that liound
tim to the whig party.
Now that veto No. 2 is expected, the same paper
‘lto|*es” he will not “sunder” the aforesaid “ties’
already smnlered. Well, the editor seems to be as
liard to take a hint as to his true position as the
cabinet who are determined to hold on, tdl kicked
;>ut for the sake of the great principles of the whig
[tarty. Oh!
The Lacedemonian youth were taught to In* adept
in the slight of hand accomplishment of stealing. But
if they were detected they were Hogged for bungling.
So it is with the whig scribblers and Botts’ letter.
The attempt to “head Captain Tyler” was pro|»er,
virtuous, and noble—hut the insufferable ass! he ma
naged it badly; he was caught at it! Out upon John
Botts!
“Sarvkii him Right.”—The following is a
copy of Mr. John Botts* (PImpImm, wlmt a name,)
letter to the President, which the latter, like a sen
sible gentleman, returned without a reply .
“August 21, 18-11,3o'clock p. m.
“Sir:—By a communication received from a friend
in Richmond two days since, 1 was informed that a
copy ol the letter published in the Madisonian of
this morning, to which inv name in attached, had
been made out and was to be sent to you.
“I desire to learn, ami respectfully ask, whether
a copy o| such letter was forwarded to you, and w he
ther its publication was by your authority, or wdth
your authority.
“Allow me to express the hope that your conveni
ence w ill permit you to give me answer in the course
of the evening.
“Verv respectfully,
•‘JOHN BOTTS.
“To the President of the United States.”
Mr. Botts has published a circular explaining how
t\\e/auT pas happened. He misdirected it—and in
stead ol going to Mr. Jas. II. Lynch, it went to the
Coffee House Richmond—a place equally “private”
with the bulletin-board of this office.
Queer notions hath this Mr. Botts!
Duel—An affair of pistols came off on the 23d
lilt, at Elkton, Penn., between a Mr. Belmont, agent
of the Rothschilds, at New York, and Mr. Hey- 1
wood, of Philadelphia. A lady was in the case*—a
Mrs. C., daughter of Mr. Browne, which clear de
signation of parties we learn from tke New York
Sun. All profess (says the same authority) to be
distingue. An odd way, truly, of mending a lady’s
reputation. A Mr. Laight officiated i\s second foi
Mr. H.,and Mr. J. II. Purdy, of Mobile, perform
ed the same office for the foreign banker. The lat
ter made the charge which the other resented.
{Commercial Correspondence of the R’tfster.)
New York, August 27, 1841.
The attention of our commercial men is still drawn
from their business and turned towards Washington,
not, however, in anticipation of any “relie:'” from
that quarter, but with a kind of fear that sone unto
ward measure may yet be adopted, that will disturb
the course of that business which already promises to
be large, lucrutivejaml safe, for the ensuing fill. The
numlier of dealers in the city is now large and our
merchants express themselves equally disappointed
at the extent of their purchases and their pronpt cash
payments. The illusion that was upon tin public
mind,'.in regard to a national bank, seems to liave en
tirely passed away from among practical men. Their
experience tells them that business was never lietter
than now, and the evil of an unsound currency is cur
ing itself without the assistance of a bank. In this
feeling the late veto of the President, has given satis
faction, not only among the democratic masses of the
people, who were always opposed to a bank, 'jutfroin
extensive enquiry, we find the same feeling exists a
mong those who have heretofore advocated such an
institution. Those who still believe in its usefulness,
if permitted to go smoothly into operation, despair,
w ith the cry of “repeal” ringing in their ears, echoed
an«l reverberated from every quarter of the union, that
one can he established. Opinion seems to have settled
down that a “bank of exchanges,” accuuhng to Pre
sident Tyler’s views, will be all sufficient. By this
we understand merely a modification of the Sub
treasury, under another name, whereby the funds of
the federal government will co-operate with the ex
changes, without attempting to govern them. For
this no chartered bank, with individual subscriptions
is necessary, and to this, the veto message of Tyler
seems to have confined the “fiscal agency.” The
veto of the hill is confidently looked for. The repeal
of the sub-treasury bill has placed the funds of the
government entirely under the executive, and many
changes have taken place in consequence at Boston.
The sub-treasurer has been dismissed and the Ame
rican bank has received the public money. In this
city, yesterday, the deposites were removed from the
vault in the Bank of America and placed in the Mer
chants \Bank. This is a very judicious. J.J.Palmer,
Esqr. is by no means a financier of the “Biddle
school ’* The selection of this bank, proves that the
Webster influence, which was pledged to the Bank
of Commerce, for the Baring clique, lias ceased to
effect the executive measures.
Money affairs remain, under ail tnese innueuces,
in a very quiescent Btate. The banks and capitalists
are full of funds, but will not move while congress ib
agitating. Stocks are entirely neglected and are
daily falling in prices. U. S. Bank lias fallen great
ly within a few days and closed this morning at 84
The demand for state stocks has much improved
lately, owing in some degree, to the supposed pas
sage of the land bill. Most all the storks that were
afloat upon this market, have been taken up for in
vestment, at improving rates. Within a day or two,
however, the demand has been checked by the posi
tion of the land bill. The clause inserted, that the
distribution should cease when the expenses of the
government shall require more than an average of 20
per ct. impost duty, it is supposed will nullify its ef
fect. The State of New York lately offered for a
loan of $3,000,000 without success. The loan was
withdrawn and proposals have been made to the
banks for a temporary loan. This lias in part been
successful. The United Stales Government loan is
daily offering at 99£ a 101, 5£ per cent. 3£ years to
run.
There has been a fair demand for sterling bills.
The rates have slightly improved and are pretty firm,
as follows:
Sterling. ... 84 a 9 Francs. .f5 22 a 5 20£
Hamburg.. .354 a 35J Amsterdam 40 a —
Bremen.... 774 a 77 J
The supply of bills is pretty fair. The amount of
western produce going down the St. Lawrence, form
the basis of an increased amount of Canada bills u|>
on this market.
In domestic exchange there is but little variation.
Some expectation has been indulged, of an ameliora
tion in rates, but without a resumption of the influen
tial banks and the lending points, it is hopeless. The
rates are as follows:
Philadelphia.. .3 a 34 Savannah.. 34 a 3£
Baltimore.2 a 24 Augusta...6 a 15
Richmond.3£a 34 Middle.. . .8 a 84
N. Carolina. . .3£a 34 N. Orleans.4£ a 5
Charleston.... 14» 1 i Louisville. .7 a 7i
Mexican dollars.1 a 14 prem.
The cotton market since the Lst news from Eu
rope, has been much depressed. Early in the week
holders found themselves obliged to submit to a re
duction of & cent per lb. This did not however, bring
forward buyers so readily as was expected. Sales
have been moderate only, mostly to spinners. The
aggregate transactions for the week, including
to-day, are 3,500 bales, at 8 a 10£ for Upland; 84
a lli for Mobile; 84 a Hi for N. Orleans. The
stock is, 33,000 bales. The prospective state of
the cotton market is sufficiently gloomy, and must
continue so until the great revolution which is sttein
ingly going on and transferring the manufactures
of England to the frte labor states of Europe is com
pleted, and consumption shall have again overtaken
production that for the past few years has exceed
*t.
Keren! eients have brought out two fine exposi
tions ill'ihe proceedings of the Federalists iu and
mil of emigre**, in the <4tape of letters from l)r. Mal
lory, of Virginia and !Vlr. Khett, of South Caroli
na, addressed to the Editors ..f the National Intelli
gencer.
That of Rhett, the Intelligencer flatly- refused to
publish, although it was a strictly defensive letter a
gainsl the injustice done that gentleman in their re
port of Congressional proceedings. At the request
ol .Mr Rhett, his communication was published in
the Globe, whose editor accompanies it with the
remark, that—
“Never, before, did any paper reporting the pro
ceeding* of congress, hesitate to allow a mcmlier to
do himself right, where the grossest misrepresen
tation had been indulged to traduce him, under the
form of a Congressional report! The cowering of
the National Intelligencer under this explanation,
and its recoiling from the performance of a duty uni
versally acknow ledged by the pres* holding the re
lation theirs does to the House of Representatives*
proves that they perceive in this letter something
that must work most fatally for their party and
themselves.”
Mr.Rhett charges the Intelligencer with intersper
sing what they profess to give as faithful reports of
Congressional proceedings, with other matter* which
do not occur at the time in the House, for the pur
pone of weakening the positions, and convicting of in
consistency those who are politically opposed to its
editor. After defending himself successfully from
the charge implied by the Intelligencer, Mr. Rhett
proceeds in a forcible and eloquent strain to exhibit
the absolute tyranny exercised by the federal ma
jority ut this session over the rights of the minority,
and to defend the great principle of free discussion
of liberty of speech iu every legislative minority pro
tending to be free. We regret that we cannot find
space for the whole letter, but we cannot forbear
copying the conclusion of it, and inviting to it the
earnest and candid attention of every citizen, who is
ignorant ol the alarming strides towards despotism
taken by the federal majority of the present congress.
Extract from letter of the Hon. R. B. Rhett of S. C.
to the editors of the*National Intelligencer, dated
Washington, August 25th, 1841.
Permit me briefly to show the origin and nature of
this great principle of Anglo American liberty .
Oil the 18th of February, 1667, coeval with the
establishment of lilierty in England by the revolution
of 1668, by which Janies the Second was expel
led from the throne, the Commons of England resol
ved :—
“ I hat il any motion ire mane in me Mouse jur any
public aid or charge upon the people, the consideration
and debate thereof ought not presently to be entered
upon; but adjourned till such further day as the house
shall think fit to appoint; and then it ought to Ire re
ferred to the Committee of the Whole House; and
their opinions be reported thereupon Irqfore any re
solution or vote of the House do pass theiem.”
Upwards of a century afterwards, in 1784, Mr.
Hutsell, in the Parliamentary Precedents, in com
menting on this rule, observes:
“The House of Commons have, with great wisdom,
imposed these rules and resolutions upon themselves
in the exercise of that great and important privilege,
‘the sole exclusive right of granting aids and supplies
to the crown;* in order, as it is their duty when they
aie imposing burdens upon their fellow subjects, to
give every opportunity for free and frequent discus-1
sions, that they may not, by sudden and hasty voles,
incur expenses, or be induced to approve of measures
which might entail heavy and lasting burdens u|m>ii
themselves and their posterity. It is upon this prin
ciple, that as long ago as the year 1667, the House
laid down for a rule ‘that no motion or proposition
for an aid or charge upon the people should lie pre
sentlv entered upon.”
“That by this means, due and sufficient notice of
the subject should be given, and that the members
should not be surprised into a vote, but might come
prepared to suggest every argument which the impor
tance of the case may demand. Another part of the
same order—‘that such propositions shall receive
their first discussion in Committee of the Whole
House,— is no less wise and prudent. There every
member may speak as often as he finds it necessary, anti
is not confined in delivering his opinions by (hose
rules which are to lie observed when speaking in the
House; and which in matters of account and compu
tation, would lie extremely inconvenient, and would
necessarily deprive the House of much zeal and use
ful information. This inode of proceeding likewise
Sives an opportunity of a further and a more inuture
elilierntion, when the resolutions of the committee
are reported; to vrkicli the House may either not on
ly agree or disagree, but if they are of opinion that
the subject lias not been sufficiently canvassed, they
may recommit the whole or any part of the report,for
the purpose of receiving more accurate information,
or more narrowly inquiring into the nature and expe
diency of the proposed measure. For these reasons,
this resolution of the 18th of February, 1667, has
lieeil, particularly of late years, very strictly adhered
to; and it appears to tie one of those rules w hich, as
it has its foundation in prudence, and an attention to
the case of the people, ought to he, in all instances,
inviolably observed.**
Here is the origin of this great rule, with the rea
sons for its exercise and continuance in the British
Parliament to the present day. And I beg you to
remark, that instead of its being relaxed in its ad
ministration, it has been according to the testimony
of Mr. Hatsell, particularly of late years, very strictly
adhered to. The reason is obvious. In proportion
as the British Government has liecoine more free, and
the interests of the people more regarded in its le
gislation, in the same proportion has this great prin
ciple of parliamentary law, introduced by the people
for their protection and self-government, been more
sacredly observed. It has become sanctioned by
usage and hallowed in a great principle of liberty;
and if any President or King of England, at the pre
sent day, should dare violate it to one half the ex
tent this Congress has witnessed, it would produce a
revolution as signal as that of 1668. Nor had it been
confined alone to the bills of supply. “The speech,
message, and other matters of great concernment are
usually referred to the committee of the whole House.”
6 Grey, all. 1 Here tlie inestimable privilege ol free
debate is obtained, untrammelled by technical rules.
There the representatives of the people can speak to
the taxes to be imposed upon his constituents again
and again, unchecked by the pievious question. Sug
gestions are freely made—time for investigation given
that all the light and information which the subject
admits of, mav be freely imparted and freely receiv
ed. This is English parliamentary law, brought by
our ancestors with them into all our colonial assem
blies, as that rule, in the enactment of laws, above
all others, the most sacred to liberty and protection
of the rights of the people. It has been invariably
practised on, as far as I am informed, by every State
Legislature in the Union, except where the previous
question has not been adopted as a rule of govern
ance, and then it may be unnecessary. It has been
as inviolably observed by every Congress which has
Bat in the United States, from th« Revolution to the
Congress of June, 1841. Even the Federalists of
*98, disregardful as they showed themselves to be of
popular right, in the enactment of the alien and sedi
tion laws, whilst they assailed the freedom of the
press, left untouched the right of free debate in Con
gress. The liberty of speech to the people and their
representatives was uuassailed or abridged. For
the first time since 1667, this rule has been set aside,
not by Englishmen, or in a Monarchy—but in a Re
public, by the descendants of Englishmen, claiming
to be freer than ever.
Free debate no longer exists in the House of Re
presentatives of the Congress of the United States.
The people, through their Representatives, have no
longer the right of speaking to the taxes imposed
upon them. Tyranny, in the shape of a majority,"
is erected in the Capitol. The new reign of terror
is begmi.
I have remarked, gentlemen, that whenever the
guillotine, cutting off debate, has fallen upon a bill,
you have raised a shout of congratulation at its spee
dy passage. The patriotism of the deed is extolled,
and the people are bill to rejoice, If you have re
flected on this subject, will you lie so good as to in
form me how liberty can lie maintained by a people,
if the freedom of speech in their deliberative assem
blies is destroyed. Why did Cromwell turn his par
liament out of doors? Yvas it not because he could
not restrain their speech? Why did Napoleon intro
duce his “ gens trarmes” into the house of depu
ties? YVus it not because he feared their remon
strances and appeals to the people against his medi
tated usurpations? Could these tyrants have made
the representatives of the people dumb, could they
have silenced debate by rule, what more could they
have desired or demanded? For their purposes, per
haps, it were better such representatives should have
remained than been expelled. They both had obse
quious and slavish majorities to carry out their be
hests. But they unfortunately did not live in our
day, in the glorious light of our example. They did
not comprehend tlm first great reform of a federal
congress in these United States, to gag by rule, and
therefore they found it necessary to gag by the sword,
And have you lived so long in the atmosphere of this
capitol as to suppose, so far as liberty is concerned,
that the one form of suppressing debate is less objec
tionable than the other, if eoually effective? Or do
you imagine it to be possible that if the one is sub
mitted to, the other, so soon as it is convenient, will
not be resorted to? How have all monarchies aris
en fiom republics? Do you know—can you imagine
but two steps? First, the control of the majority—
and second, the silence and subjection of the minori
ty. And can you co iceive of a more dexterous me
thod of destroying u minority, than by destroying its
*!•«*** If it is silent, what use is it? How can the
alxisc* of a uixjorilv, or the designs of a tyrant
against the Idiertie* of a people lx* exposed in a de
liberative Ixxly, if the luinoritv is gagged? Is it the
wont of the majority nr an ambitious pretender to lay
l»are liefore the eyes of the people the true character
of their measure*, or do they not rather seek to com
mend them by all the ails and sophistries that men
tal ingenuity can devise? To do wrong is the great
^lilfmdty. To give it the ap|x*arance of right, with
the powers lielonging to us, is easily accomplished.
To destroy or silence a minority, in a popular repre
sentative government, is to destroy lilierty itself.—
The minority is the great check, the side restraint
on a majority, and if a majority is unrestrained, what
is it but a despotism? Can there lie a better defini
tion of despotism than unrestrained power ?
And then, have you thought at all, in connection
with this subject, of the people, these tnemliers of
congress composing the minority, represent? How
came they in the capitnl? They stand the embodied
political power of fifty thousand people. In them
selves, as men, they are comparatively nothing; but
as representatives, they may w ield a powe/ “ as ter
rible as an armv with banners.” When you silence
them, you silence the people they represent. ^ for
what purpose were they sent to congress? W as it
not by speech, and by speech only, to endeavor to pre
serve the constitution—to protect the people they re
present from oppression ami injustice, and promote
equal lilierty to all? Wrhy should they stay, if speech
is denied them? Why should the mockery of repre
sentation be preserved, when all its poser, its vital
ity is destroyed? Why should the people send them,
merely to subserve the purposes of a majority, and
give die air of authority to edicts which they are the
dumb instruments of registering? With such power
in a majority, exercised only as it has been when not
three months old, the very object of representation is
destroyed. The people represented by the minority
do not rule themselves. They are ruled absolutely,
without the poor privilege ol remonstrance or com
plaint through their representatives, against laws
passed for their governance, in their opinion uncon
stitutional in principle, ami if unrepealed, fatal to
their lilierties.
I have no doubt you have been astonished at the
patience with which the mindrity in congress have
submitted to this state of things. I tell you, it were
easier to have deluged the hull of representatives in
blood, than to have submitted to this imposition. It
was not difficult to have stopped utterly all legisla
tion until that rule was rescinded. But after due de
liberation it was determined to submit, at least for
the time; liecause we believed that the people would
come to the rescue. We looked over the whole scope
of th6 policy of the party in power—their tyrannical
proceedings here—their unconstitutional and corrupt
legislation for the country—and we have not doubted
their speedy overthrow. Our policy, therefore, has
been, with calmness and dignity to await the coining
of the people—that people whose rights through us
have been invaded and insulted—to whom the consti
tution and the government belongs—whose we are
and whom we serve. They are sufficient for them
selves; and if they are not, who can lie sufficient for
them? Who but the people can make the people
free?
| Should the people and lepresentitive* both snbm't
to such legislation, it needs no prophet to foretel the.
consummation. Let no man suppose that good can
result from the practice of evil, to those who practice
it. The Almighty often scourges a nation for its of
fences, and he may permit the utmost criminality in
the instrument of his chastisement; hut in the end
the instrument and the chastised suffer both alike.—
Suppose the minority in congress so debused as to
submit entirely and (orever to the tyranny of the ma
jority,and the people they represent, abject as them
selves, acquiesce in a mere nominal representation,
mute, meek, slavish instruments for recording the
mandates of a majority, hatched in whispers and en
gendered in caucus corners, will the matter end here?
Can a pure and free majority—admitting them to lie
pure and free whilst practising oppression—coexist
with a debased minority ? Will not the corruptors
soon liecoiiie corrupted—the enslavers enslaved?—
l)o you not see that at every turn of public affairs
new parties are formed, or new combinations from
the old parties created ? And h w long do you think
that a corrupt majority, under the continual shifting
of parties, will remain so? Do men depraved adhere
to principle and avoid power? Will they not seize
upon the differences of the majority to elevate them
selves? And when the power of the state is in (heir
hands, how will it—how must it necessarily he used ?
Self-respect will be gone; respect and reverence for
the people will he gone. With the absence of rep
resentative responsibility,—destroyed in the useless
ness of representation—all moral responsibility will
be merged in numbers; the love of self and the lust
for power will prevail. Combinations will be made
to subserve the objects of each, and mutual conces
sions, at the ex|>ense of all principle, for mutual in
terests. Then, when the harvest of corruption is
ripe, and universal distrust exists amid a generalde- i
pravity, a Cromwell or a Caesar will be hailed as a
deliverer. If every other maxim in government shall
fail, this must remain forever true—to be free our- j
selves, we must permit others to be free.
“ If it were done, when ’ll* done,
Then ’twere well it were done quickly.”
This is the motto by which the majority In con
gress have driven through their measures tlie present
session—but remember, these were the words of a
murderer, who, whilst stealing to his fell purpose,
could w hisper—
44 Thou sure and firm set earth,
Hear not my steps which way they walk, for fear
The very stones prate of my whereabout.”
The constitution may be murdered at this session,
murdered in your distribution bill—twice murdered
in your bank bills; but the people may yet arise with
44 twenty mortal murders on their crowns, and push
us from our stools.*’ He who thinks that by multiply
ing wrongs resistance to them will be weakened—
that by haste in execution guilt can be disguised—
has but the wretched morals and the poor policy of a
cowardly tobber.
In a mighty country like like ours, whose step is
the advance or retrogression of nations, whose every
deed should look to the ages of futurity—to eternity
itself, so far as this world is concerned, when they
are to be developed in their consequences—to sup
pose that such a people, with such destinies, are to
be caught in a trap of accidents, or tied up by the
willow withs of precipitate legislation, or gagged by
rules, is too ridiculous to be even contemptible, were
it not that all wickedness is to be pitied or despised.
We are great—and to be made far greater—mighti
er than our thoughts can grasp, if true to our desti
nies, weighing coolly and cautiously every act of le
gislation, by a faithful observance of the constitution,
and by holding fast to the guarantee of liberty trans
mitted to us by our ancestors, or discovered in the
course of our experience. Ours will then be the
greatness of justice, truth and liberty, combined.
From the Boston Mercantile Journal.
Lire Sailors. — It is an old saying, tilt “no class of
people coine harder by their money than sailors, and
none spend it more freely aim foolishly. ’’ Those per
sons who have witnessed within the last fortnight,
the curious antics and freaks of many of the inen-of
war’s men in our port, will readily 'subscribe to the
truth of the above saying. Their conduct, in nume
rous instances, forcibly reminds us of an old anecdote
illustrating the folly and extravagance of English
sailors in port, with plenty of money.
When the ‘‘Golden Hermione,” in the seven years’
war, took a rich Spanish galleon, the sailors shared
to the tune of t&00 a piece, prize money—a sum
which, of course, they concluded would never lie ex
pended iu the common routine of domestic life. In
order to conquer this difficulty, they devised inanv
ingenious methods, such as filling frying-pans with
watches from each fob, and frying them over the gal
ley fire, subscribing a sum of money to gild the ship’s
head and carved work; and it was moreover, unani
mously resolved that every one on board should wear
a gold laced hat. Every cocoanut was therefore,
with all convenient speed, provided with a gold-laced
cocked hat, with a single exception. One unhappy
wight came along side with a most rueful phiz, and
a silver-laced hat on his head! This would not do—
the ship was disgraced by such stinginess; “Let’s
ask the first /ref-tenant not to let him come on
board,” said Torn Trussletree. The supposed cul
prit begged a hearing—Jack loves fair play, silence
was obtained, and the delinquent thus pleaded his
cause, as he passed over the gangway ; “There wasn’t
a roo/d-laced hat in the town; so I was forced to
take this here one, which caine the nearest to it of
any thing I could find; but I made the fellow take
the money for a goold-lacer all the same!” On these
last words reaching the ears of his comrades, he was
received on bot»rd with universal greeting and accla
mation,
Languages,—According to a London paper, there
are no fewer than 3,664 known languages in the
world; 937 are Asiatic, 687 European, African, and
1,624 American languages and dialects.
DIED. ~
In this city, early on Sunday morning, Thomas
Boyd, infant son of Stephen Twelves.
At Coxsackie, N. Y. on the 25th ult. of consump
tion, Mr. Samuel Bartlett, in the 23d year of
his age.
On Saturday the 21st, at his residence in the
Fork, in this county, Gen. Enoch Parsons, long
known as an eminent member of the bar in this State
and Tennessee.—Mont. Jour.
Reported for the Register.
THERMOMETER.
August. 7 o’c. 2o*c. 9 o’fc. Weather.
Sunday, 29 85'’ 8?w 88* Clear-,—clear—clear
Monday, 30 78 90 82 “ “
Tuesd’y, 31 78 92 85 “ “ cloudy
September.
Wedn’y, 1 77 87 80 Rain “ rain
Thurs’y, 2 78 84 79 “ Rain “
Friday, 3 78 86 78 “ “
Saturd’y, 4| 78 I 87 I 79 |Cloudy—cloudy—rain
Rain for the month of August. 4467 inches. Prevail
ing character of wind—N. 3—N. E. 7— E.-8. K. 12—
8, W. 3;-W-PC. W.
COMMERCE, TRADE. &C.
The mail today brought no hpwa from New York, it
being Sunday when it left that city. An interesting ac
count of ihe New York market will be (blind III the letter
of our correspondent.
U. rt. Rank stock sold in Philadelphia on Friday week
last at $9 25, and in New York on Thursday at 75.—
The holders, says the Inquirer, seem disposed to get rid
of it at any price, while with the present feeling the buy
ers are limited indeed.
The sales of cotton In New Orleans for the past week
were 750 bales, at a reduction of *c per lb. The transac
tions were principally of the new crop, Louisiana and
Mississippi, the receipts of which were 4437 hales. The
classification is for good fine 12 a 12*; good fair II* a II*;
fair 10* a 10J; mid. thir 10 a 10*; middling 9 a 9*; ordin
ary 8 a 8*. Stock on hand 1.3957 bales.
Exchange—Starling in better demand at 10J a 11* prem
French bills 5f74 a 10; New York 00 days 1 a 1* per ct.
prem .30 days 2 aud short sight 3 a 3*; Boston 6u’s 2; Phil
adrlphia 60’s 1 a 1* discount.
The sales of cotton in Charleston for the week ending
the 1st insl were 469 bales upland, at prices from 8 to 11*
cents. The quotations are ns follows : Inferior to ordi
nary 8 a 8*; mid to mid fair 9 a 9*; fair to fully lair 10 a
10*; good fine 11.
Exchange—Hterling 7*a 8 *; French 5f 20 a 5 27; sight
on New York 1 per ct prem.
In Suvaunnh, for the week ending the 28lh, the sales
were 96 bales, at 9 1-16, and 10 ut 9j. Receipts from 1st
October 140,993 bales.
Ptin.ADP.i.Ptii x, Aug. 28.
Cotton—There is a fair demand for a good article, and
previous prices fully sustained. Sales, 52 bales Louisia
na at 1.3 a 13*, 4 mos.; .30 do uplands at 11* a 12 cts; loo
bales Mobile at 11* 6 mos; 39 bales New Orleads aud Flo
rida at 11 a 11*, 4 mos; 27 do New Orleans 12 cts do; 87
do New Orleans middling at II cts do.
Exchange—on England 12 prem; Mobile 6 dis.
The Crops—The last Yazoo (Mi.) Whig states that
the prospects of the planters in that part of the country
have sadly changed within the last few weeks. The con
tinuation of the most extraordinary and unexampled
drought known for many years, has in many places al
most ruined the crops. This is the cuse to the upper end
of the state. The drought being early and late, the up
land cotton is not generally more than one third the usu
al size. Planters any, that with the exception of bottom
laud, it is a rare thing to find a field which promises half
a crop. In the Yazoo bottoms the crops are better.
We have had several rains the last few days which we
fear will seriously injure the cotton crops, especially, the
early cotton which is now opened. We hear of some
complaint of the worm, but hope it is not so bnd as is
feared. We believe an ordinary crop of cotton and corn
will be made in this section of country, unless it should
meet with some misfurtuue.—[Sumpter (Ala.) Whig of
Aug. 28. _
From Our Price Current of Saturday.
Review of the Year.
Agreeably to the recommendation of the New Orlearv
Chamber of Commerce, we close our tables to the 1st ins',
which henceforward is to be the beginning of the comme -
cml season.
Iu glancing through the business of the year, we can on
serve i;o very striking peculiarity, except perhaps, in
evenness iu the prices and deiuuud which is almost unex
ampled for .several years back. In the opening of the mar
ket it was some weeks before prices reached their leve.—
There were some foreign orders to be filled, but the
limit assigned tlo-m was considered to be from one to wo
cents below the a\ erage of our market at that time. Tho
foreign marts were somewhat embarrassed and prices had
declined. The effect of this, however, was not felt lore,
for the quant'ty on hand was small, and the sales being for
domestic consumption, kept tho markei clear, until tU' for
eign demand revived, aud brought purchasers int* the
field more ready to yield to the wishes of holders.
The market opened at prices ranging from 74 to i04c—
but it wus near the middle of November before it wis fair
ly settl d and commenced. The rates ruling that month
were from 74 a 10. In December 84 a 11*4 ; Januaty 84 a
84 ; February 7 a 124 ; M .rch 94 a 124; April 10 a!24 ;—
May 9} a 124 ; June 94 a 114—showing a general iverage
of 14 a Hi,—which is about ten percent, above the prices
of toe previous year. Tne greatest point of deprt ssiou
after the reason l.ad fairly set in was about the middle of
November, when the quotations were for good fair 10c;—
fair 94 a 94; middling 84 a 8| 5 ordinary 7 a 74. The high
est point attaiued w as itf April, when the quotations ranged
good anil fine 124 ; good fair 1IU 12; fair II a 114; mid
dling fair 104 ; middling I0| a 104 ; ordinary 94 a 10c.—
From this period down the market has gradually declined,
except in some few instances, wheu the prices were equal
to the highest obtained.
The receipts during the month of October were only a
bout 4500 hales, aud the demand throughout the mouth was
very limited. 8ales of old cotton at 7 a 94c; new 10 a 104 j
a decline, however, of 4 a |c took plane towards the close
of the month, when faircoitou was quoted ..1 S4 - and
choice I0|.
The receipts for the month of November were about 14
to 15,000 bales. It whs not until about tbe 20th of this
mouth that the market fully opened, when a steady and
fair business began ; buyers aud sellers freely meeting
each other’s views.
Receipts in December were about 22,800 hales. Sales at
the rates of last month up to the 15th, after w hich a grad- ,
ual advance took place up to the close t.f the month, and
an advance ofi ofa cent was fixed, not so much from any 1
rise iu the foreign market a« fiom the pressing nature of
European orders. The extremes were 8, 104 a lie.
In January the receipts were about 80,000 hales. The
market gradually improved, and prices were from 84 a 114,
but the bulk of the pales was made at rates ruling between
these extremes. The month's business was marked with
considerable dullness.
The receipts of February were about 75,000 bales. The
business gradually improving during the month, with hut
little fluctuation,and closing with extreme rates 94 a 12c,
and some few small lots 124c. The market from this time
continued steady with slight fluctuutions, (not exceeding
4 a 4c) up to about the 1st May, after which it gradually be
came duller as the stock became reduced—and continued
to decline until the close of the season—when we quote
fully fair 9| a 10c, and other grudes in proportion.
During the first six months the entire amount shipped to
Europe was only 59,000 bales, while in the same time 33,
000 were sent forward to New York, and 27,000 to Boston*
Except some very small parcels there were no good and fine
qualities on sale until the middle of January. The first
classification of these grades was given on the ICth at 11
u me.
The prospect for a safe and healthy business we think
is better now than it has been for some years past. Prices
are gradually settling into something like stability—the
extravagant rates of property in the city have been sensi
bly reduced, and rents will be twenty to thirty percent
less than they were last year. What loo is of essential im
portance is the probable settlement of many political ques
tions w Inch have kept the country in a turmoil so long,act
ing upon ell the business relations of life, and having an
influence upon mercantile men which was really factitious
mid decidedly pernicious. The Bankrupt bill will proba
bly infuse new vigor into numbers, and for the time being
give, perhaps, a healthy impulse to all the various depart
ments of trade. The currency of the country, although
without any positively beneficial change, must in the na
ture of things, improve. People are coming to look upon
that and many other financial subjects wit i less prejudice,
and mure common sense, and public opinion is approxima
ting to that point which will afford the only tightful and
true remedy for a redundant and depreciated standard of
value.
The crops we think, will reach, if not exceed, the aver
age of the three previous years. At this season of the year
complaints of unprnpitious weather, of worm. Ac. area
matter of course. Such things have been auJ always will
be, but the effects are only partial, and those who have
su.'laiued los sea thereby generally give the bias to opin
ion. We are sure to hear of the losses of individuals iu
this respect, when a total silence is observed towards the
successful harvests, which perhaps more than supply the
partial deficiencies. Iu the high lands there is no que-tion
but the production will be small—but in the rich bottom
soils iu nearly all parts of the couutiy. the yield will be
luxuriant, and probably of a bolter quality generally than
was produced last year. To Mississippi, 1 ennessee.Geor
gia and Alabama, these remarks apply particularly. The
increased production iu all these states will probably more
than counterbalance any deficiencies which may exist.
That our readers may make the average above referred
to we give the crops of the last four years :
In 1837-38 it was 1,800,<HX) bales, Increase 26j per ct.
1838- 36 “ 1,360,000 41 Decrease 24 per ct.
1839- 40 44 8,188,000 44 Increase 60* per ct.
1840- 11 44 1,600,000 44 Decrease 27 per ct.
giving an average for the last four years of 1,735,000 b.
The crops of South Alabama,
Iu 1837-38 were . 309,807 bales
In 1838-39 “ . 251,742 44
In 1839-40 44 . 445,725 44
In 1840-41 “ . 318,338 •»
giviug an naerage crop of 331,403, which we think will be
increased 80 per cent, this year.
What the ruling prices may he is more difficult to judge'
The English manufactuiers are in a very embarrassed con
dition. The slock on haud in Liverpool is totally unex
ampled for quantity,and the failure in the grain crops of
that country, which is dreaded, will have a very sensib y
pernicious effect on the markets. This too will be aggra
vated by the large stocks held by our domestic manufactu
rers. From these various causes we think that the market
will be approached with some caution, and prices will start
low, aud improve towards spring.
If ilie difficulties between fbephiuese and Ureal Britain
should t« riniuulr soon by some important concessions lo
rite latter power, it is possibt that a market may he
opened among that people lb| manufactures. If that
lie the case we should hail it a* | most important adjunct
to our cotton interests. The iingmntion cun hardly con
ceive the impulse thut would| li given to them, if F.ng
laud should succeed iu overcomig the nairow prejudices
of thut nation to Europeans and heir customs. That this
is hei object we Iihvp no doubt, ind every means w ill be
used lo make it successful. Althugli her present position
is on* which seems ill that relatiiR to be totally indefen
sihle,yet we could hardly regret he use of a little injus
tice which should result iu this htnnniziog effect.
In despite of ihe numerous obsurle* tu improvement of
every kind, the business part of'lie c.ty has continued
steadily to increase. On Water and Front streets,entire
blocks of commodious stores have beeuhuilt. and are now
almost ready for the ensuing season. The city too, has
be«Mi tiiiusunlly healthy. In the begnaing of August the
chillingl north wind blew almost csistantly, and with
other indications of an unhealthy sea*ft, the epidemic was
a'most universally anticipated. Ilippily the abundant
rains which have siuce fallen, have suppressed the tenden.
cie* to malaria in the swamps adjoinsg the uoithern part
of the city. We are now iu the enjoy lent of us good health
as is usual at this st-nsoiii and the pubaLililies arc favora
ble that we shall contiuue to enjoy it
FREIGHTS.—From November tutne middle of January
freights were maintained without flu-tuatiou at gd for Liv
erpool. In the lat er mouth they were quoted at 9-16d —
In February tliry wavered betwe* Jd and gd. At this
time (ou the 6th Afurcli) the vessel* ill port umounted to
One Hundred and Thirty-four, exjusive of coasters and
lighters. Of these, one hundred aid fifteen were square
rigged. In March the rates fell stil lower. British vessels
were offered at 7-16 a gd; Ainericm 9-l6d. In April the
general opinion war that tne toinitge in port was nufficieiit
to carry away the entire crop. The consequence w as a
still farther decline—Americun vtasels offered for Liver
pool 8i 7-16d ; British j-t They cwtinaed iu this eoudi
lion until the 1st of Alay, when twing to the diminished
tmount of tonnage in port, there va* a shade rise—7 16d
were obtained for British vessels, "his was the ruling rate
until the bcgiiiniug ot June, when iu engagement for Liv
erpool was made at jd. On the 1st if July every square
rigged vessel iu port was taken, ail engagements were
made at j a gd. On the last of July trices reverted to the
starting point of the season, namely M6d.
To Havre tha lowed potui of the eoson was in April,—
and the liighost iu January and Febrtiry. During the for
liter time quotations were Ic—the later ljc.
By a comparison of these with tin last year’s rates, it
will he perceived that very lit tie proil comparatively has
re-ulled to the shippiug this year, "he market in 1839
-40 opened at }d to Liverpool, and grtiually advanced till
it reached lg a Ijd. To Hat re a Mini lot at one period
whs taken at 3 ceu»s per,lb.—2Jc, howver, was the ruling
rate. In March of the same year, thenwere about seventy
sail in poit, not one of which was disegaged. In view of
the extraordinary demand for ehippiir that year, a large
number of vessels was built in time Ic the trade of last
scusoii. The consequence has been a urplus supply—an
error, however, which is not likely lobe committed this
year ainougship builder*.
COTTON
The receipts of Cotton the past week hve been 63 bales
new crop, which we add into our acc«ut at the close of
ihe season. We have ascertained the stck on hand lobe
433 bales. as follows :
Hitchcock's Press,. 112
Union Press,. 105
State Press. 29
Factor’s Press,. 41
M itihew’s Press,. 2
Ware Houses. 16
Received since the account was taken. 98
433
The receipts of cotton at tuis port tinee he 1st October
1310 have been 318,338 bales. Slock on had at tnat time
3141, making 321,479 hales. Total exports .19,876 bales—
lost on ship Napoleon 1170, making 321,04 bales. The
rereipt* on the 3d September 1840 were 44,073 bales.—
Export* 415,663 bales, leaving the stock on hand 11.608
biles. The business of the past week has ben very light.
We hear of but ono sale of 21 tales old crop t 9c.
PARTICULARS OF THE SEASON’S IMPORT OF
COTTON FROM THIS PORT.
Carefully revised and corrected by a comoarion with the
manifests ou file at thel'usiom House, Augut 31, 1841.
To Liverpool,.ba.es Id,376
Glasgow,. ),478
Total to Great Britaiu,.—-149,S54
To Havre,.5^644
Marseilles,. 1904
Nan .. 1023
Caen,. 543
Total to France.. 57,204
To Rot'erdam. HI
Stockholm. no
Antwerp. I,8r3
Hamburg. 1.53
Trieste. 8J)
Spain. 3,8*
Tut* l ui North of Europe,.. — 9,181
To New York,. 51,621
Boston,. 27,168
Providence. 0.621
Philadelphia. 2,841
Baltimore,. 2 6ffi
Richmond.*. l,8iJ
Fall Ktver,. l.vfcO
Portland.-. 1,123
Portsmouth,.... f> 42
Hartford, . 139
New Orleans. 5,752
Total to United States Ports,..103,637
Total Exports since 1st Oct., 1840, bales 319,876
Note.—The exports to New Orleans arn taken from Le
vy’s Price Current, whose account is kept at the Rail Rmul
and probably correct, though we did not believe so large
an amount hud been »hi tped this season 656 bales odded
to quantity previously reported.
EIICHANGF..—The demand lias been very light, and
generally lor very smull sums, but the supply of bill* is
quite equul 10 the demand. We bear of bills of small a
inouut' upon Boston at 6U days at 7$ per cent, prein having
been sold. The banks continue to check uii New York ut
9 per cent, preni.
OUTDOOR RATES.
Mil's on Prance,. none
g* ” England.HO da sight 15 ft 16 per c. prmj
’ ' ” New York,.60 ds ” 7 ft 7J ° ” “
” " ” .30 da ” 8 ft 8-i ” ” ”
* »* " . ” 9 ® ” ” ”
" Philadelphia,. ” 61 it 7 " ” •»
" New Orleans. ” 4J2> 5 " *’ lt
Specie,.. 7 it d " " „
FREIGHTS.—We have but very little cotton to go for
ward—the few vessel-, i ow in , ort have but a poor pros
pect of procuring freight for some time. We have one
barque and two brigs in port—at llie same time last year
we end eight ships, two barq ms and oue schooner.
W HOLESALE PRICES.
REMARKS.—Since our lust report business has remain
ed in the *au e languid stale then mentioned. There is no
change in the produce in irkei, and the prices quoted are
nearly nominal.
Bugging and Rope.—We hear of a few sales having
been made since our last review. The stock ou hand of
bagging is about 6000 pieces, of rope 5000 coils. The pri
ces are for Keutiicity bagging26 a31c per yd, cash and on
time ; rope !2j a 14c per lb ; India bugging 25 a 28c ; Ala
bama 2H a 28c.
The receipts since the 1st of October have estimated at
25,000 pieces bagging and 20,000 coils rope.
Bacon.—Some demand exists for city consumption; we
cannot, however, perceive any alteration in prices. The
supply on hand is quite equul to any demand that exists.—
We quote canvassed hams at 8 a 9c ; uucanvassed 7$ a 8c ;
shoulders 4 a 4Jc ; sides 5* a6{c per lb.
Coffee —The murket continues very dull, and but very
few snlus making. The slock iu first hands is large, ami
holders are very firm in their prices. Stock oil hand
4,600 bags.
Flour.—'The price of flour continues high. We quoie
no. them kiln dried flo jr at $8 50 per bbl; Western super
fine $7 50 a 8 per bbl. The business is confined entirely to
citv consumption. Stock on hand 650 bbls.
Grain.—The stock of shelled corn in our market is very
fail ; but owing to advance in price at New Orlexn , the
Crice continues us reported last week, any rt7j a 90c per
usliel. Oats are very scarce uud will command 65 a 70c
per bushel. Stock of corn on hand 5000 sacks, and 1500
bags of oats.
IIav.—There is none iu first hands; retailers are selling
at $1 50 per 100 lbs. Stock on hand about 10'H) bales.
Livtr.—The stock on band is not over 80J bbls out of
builders bunds. A considerable portion of our supply has
gone to New Orleans, for which market it was purchased
ut $2 per bbl. Price from warehouses $2 25.
Molasses.—This article is without change, and the de
mand quite limited. The stock is light, not exceeding 200
bbls, but sufficient for the demand. We quote 25 a 28c pet*
gall, iu small quantities.
Sugar.—We hear of a few sales of fine sugar having
been made at 7| a 8c per lb. The stuck is light. Prime
suga s are scarce.
Salt.—The stock on hand of this article is quite heavy,
amounting to nearly 15,000 sacks. Holders are however
firm in their pi ice*. A few small parcels have been sold
at $| 05 a I 75 per sack—by tbe quantity $1 50 per sack.
Whiskey.—This article is without change and very dull
at our quotation*, 21 a 22c per gall. Stock on hand 1050
barrels.
Ntatenaent of the Cotton Crop
Of South Alabama for tlu last twenty three years,
_ending 30th Sept, of each year.
_Year*_Bales. |v’lv inc. y*ly dec.
*819. “10000_3000 7..
*820.16000 ....6000.
*8°1.25390 ... .9390.
*822.15123 .. .20033.
*823.4906| ....3638.
*824.44904.
*8?5.58983 ...13359.. .4137
I®2b.74379 ...16096.
827.89779 .. .15400.
J828.71155.
|8‘29. 80329 ... .9174 ... 18624
1830.. .. 102684 .. .22355.
J83*.113075 ...10391.
*832.125605 ...12530.
I833.129366 ... ,3761 .
I834.149513 .. .20147 .
*835.197817 .. .48334.
*838.237590 .. .39745.
*837.256913 ...19353.
!838.284745...27802 .
*839.252240.
*840. 446042 ..193802 .. .32899
*841.318333.127704
STATEMENT OF COTTON, A»g 81, 1841
Stuck on hand, 1st October i840.77..777.7.bales. .3141
Received since our last. 63
Received previously.. . ..318375—316338
32147?)
Exported thi - week.
Exported previously..319876
Lost ou board ship Napoleon.1170._331046
Stock on Iriii d and, on ship board not cleared, i _
Aug. 3», 1841.. \ 433
EXPORTS OF COTTON.
bales. bales
WHITHER EXPORTED. 777 * 7:-'V"?
ikxs Prtvt- —, Last
xeetk. unity. 1 tal" teas on
Liverpool . 144376 ......
London.... ......
Glasgow and Greenock.5478.
Cowes and a market... ...
Belfast...
Total to Great Britain. 149854.
Havre......... 53644 .
Caen,. ....i............5431.
Marseilles... ....1994 .
Nantes.10*1.
Rouen..
Total to France.. ....•• .57904j.
Amsterdam.|....
Rotterdam...!.. -931'.
Antwerp.1873......
Hamburgh,. [.. ..1553..
Stockholm. 106.
West Indies..j. .3888'.
Genoa, Trieste, Slc.i..830 ......
TuOther Foreign Ports..1.9181.
New York.1.51621.
Boston,..27168 .
Providence,.j.8621 ......
Philadelphia,..2-43.
Baltimore. ..2656'.
New Orhaus.(.57521.
Other Porta in U. S.|.49701. j
Total Coastwise. ... 103637j.
Total.3l9»?e|..
Ost"0i£>’Ain< sCasas
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5: £8 §3: : : : : S?lS$: 5 ? 2 3 »
2: 3ft gz: : : : : alftg: a 3 5 *
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Aofe.—We have completed the examination of our ta
bles, and are pleaded to hud our running account «o nearly
correct. We are now enabled to give a correct statement
of the exports, taken from the Custom House hooks.
rt-'j=» CAMP MEETING.—In consequence af theunfa
vorable weather during the late appointment, ano
ther Camp Meeting has been resolved upon by the
Churches of this city, to he held on the same ground, near
Spring Hill, commencing on Thursday evening. Septem
ber 30th, and continuing till the following Tuesday, Oct.
5. Arrangements are in progress fbr covering the arbor
with boards, to prevent in rnse of rain, an interruption of
the services. The remarkable good order and serious at
tention which characterized the late meeting during its
continuance, is properly appreciated by the churches of
this city. A respectful and earnest invitntian is extended
to the country people generally. sept 6
GEO. W. IIUMPHARVe, Denial 8urgawn, res
u-* peril uii> Inform* the citizen* of Mobile, that he
will be absent IVoin the city «<mie four *»r «ve weeks.
The city papers will please copy oue week,
/v^va, We are requested to announce the name of T. B.
TIJNSTALL, Esq., as a candidate for the Clerk
ship of the House of Representatives, at the approaching
session of the General Assembly. aug 20
PUBLIC B\TIIS.—The Commercial Bathing
w/ Rooms in Exchange at. are now open every day from
7 a. m. to 9 p. m. for Warm and Cold Bathing. On Sun
days they Close at 10 o’clock a. in. Price reduced to 50
entw. decl4 ISStf
P A s¥e N (i E R s.
Per steamboat Oriole—Capt Bullard, Capt Case, T D
Day, Messrs Reed, Heas. Grawin, Naplos, Swanson, S F
Webster, Coalman, Foster, Norris, Stringer, Alexander,
WinuunH^N^ram^Wright^lojipin^WriglH^^^^^^ f
CONSIGNEES.
Per steamboat Oriole : Rives, Battle &. co 3U; Austiil
Ac Marshall lii; Desha, Sheppard Ac co 10; B Boykin 9; T
M English 6; J Simpson At co 5; Stringfellow At Hanna 4;
Leavens At Malone 1.
MARINK INTELLIGENCE
PORT OF MOBILE—SEPT. 6.
ARRIVED
Steambont Oriole, Johnson, from Montgomery, with 81
bales cotton.
Steainbont Merchant, Griffin, from Pensacola. j
MEMORANDA.
New York, 28th, old for Mobile brig Mobile.
SACKS PRIME WHITE CORN, just
t/UU landed and for sale by
sept6 L. HULL & SON, 22 Water-st.
HEAVY KERSEYS.—10 cases very superior
twilled Kerseys, for sale by
sept6 Li HULL Jg SON, 22 Water-st.
MFOR RENT, from 1st November next.—
1st. Those 6 splendid three story Stores, on
front and Commerce streets, between Dauphin and
Conti streets, now being completed, with counting
rooms in the second story and with fire proof safes—
they are among the most spacious and desirable in
the city.
2nd. Those two 3 story Stores on Conti street,
now in the occupancy of John Peden.
3rd. The building next adjoining Poucliet’s Res
taurat, occupied by C. A. Kelly.
4th. The corner Store of the range of buildings on
St. Louis and Water streets.
5th. That large and commodious Store with ware
house in the rear, on Conti street, now occupied by
M. D. Eslava.
6th. 'Phe Store on Water street, (e\v doors above
Win. H. Bunnell’s auction rooms,
7th. The dwelling next adjoining No. 3’s Engine
House.
8th. That splendid family residence on Govern- i
ment street, formerly occupied by Philip McLoskey, J
Esq.,—the premises are now undergoing thorough
repairs,—it is certainly the most desirable in the
city. Apply to
B. TARDY, _ ...
sep6 42c C. CL'LLUM, J Commlll<*
SPLENDID SCHEME.
$20,000! $5,000! $3,000!
tickets Five Dollars,
ALABAMA LOTTERY,
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
For Mobile Istdge No. 40,
—Extra Class No. -10 for 1841—
Determined by the drawing of the Maryland Con
solidated Lottery, Class No. 33, drawn at Balti
more, September 1st, 1841
SCHEME.
1 Piize of $20,000 is $20,000
1 . . “. 5,000 . . is.5,000
1 .. “. 3,000 . . is.8,000
1 . . “. 2,400 . . is. 2,4
1 .. “. 1,700 . . is.. 1,700
10 .. “. 1,250 .. is ..11,700
10 .. “. 500 ., is.10,000
For sale at the Managers* Office, No. 54 Royal-st
next door to the Alhambra.
ORPHANS* COURT—CLARKE COUNTY, >
June 7th, 1841. 5
THIS day came Christopher Pritchel), exec’rofthe
last will and testament of NOAH DODDRIDGE
and suggests to the court that he has dujy adminis
tered the estate of said Noah Doddridge and prays
the court for an order for settlement, whereupon it is *
ordered, that on Saturday the 18th day of September
next, at the court house of Clarke county, be appoint
ed for the settlement of said executor, and that pub
lication of this order be made once a week for forty
days in the Mobile Commercial Register and Patriot,
a newspaper printed in the city of Mobile, that all
persons interested may attend and hear the settlement
of said accounts.
A true copy from the minutes. Attest,
aug30 39*t40dys TERRELL POWERS,CPfc

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