Newspaper Page Text
THE ARIZONA SePUBLICAN: SATURD AY iiOENLNG, SEPTEMBER 22, 1894.
3 Visitors Invited. Come and see the display, it will be an hour well spent, B. HEYMAN FURNITURE 00. Wholesale and Retail. PRACTICAL FARMING. The Laying Out of Mew Roads la a Task of Great Importance. Perhaps some may question the pro priety of treating such a subject under "practical farming," but it seems to us that good roads have very much to do with practical farming, and one of the best ways to have good roads is to study the essentials of having them good when laying out new ones. The following is taken from a paper by Prof. N. S. Shaler, which appeared in the Atlantic Monthly: It seems worth while for all intelligent people to have some general notion concern ing the simpler facts involved in the science and art of roadmaking. With such persons the study of these mat ters may well begin with certain fundamental conceptions as to the es sential relations of these construc tions. All highways are intended to afford a hard, smooth, and, as nearly as possible, horizontal surface over which that great instrument of civili tion, the wheel, with its burden, can be made to move with the least possi ble friction. Every unit of friction which is encountered is a measurable element of cost, either in time, power or damage to the road and carriage. For every foot of distance he traverses the wagoner is incurring a tax. If he is conveying the weight of a ton to market the amount of this tax for a mile may, under favorable conditions, not exceed five cents. From this mini mum scale of expenditure, with the advancing degradation of the way, the cost may increase until it amounts to ten or twenty times what it is in the ideal though seldom realized state of a highway. At a certain stage in the ac cumulation of the tax even the more adventurous, wisely, though without clear reckoning, regard the way as economically impassable. This con ception of a roadway tax and a clear idea as to the frequent enormity of the imposition are the fundamental no tions which we need to fix in the minds of our people. With these well affirmed we may hope to interest them in the questions of betterment. As in most other matters, the details connected with the construction and use of roads are much harder to pre sent than the general considerations of the subject. There are, however, certain simple considerations which will enable anyone to know the essen tial differences between sound and un sound practice in the construction of highways. The first and most im portant, though in countries the most neglected, element of care concerns what engineers call the profile of the way; that is, the irregular line de scribed by its center across the coun try. The ordinary roadmaster is in all cases tempted to draw his proposed line as 'directly as possible between his principal objective points. If he makes a digression from 'a rectilinear path, it is generally because he has encountered an insuperable obstacle, or because some land-owner has effect ively objected to having his fields cut in twain Thus it comes about that the greater part of our roads are, from their unnecessary up-hill and down, sorely taxing to the community which they axe supposed to serve. In many parts of New England and the other A TYPICAL OOUNTBY BO AD. (The farmer who travels over It pays a tax of great proportions for every mile covered. hilly portions of this country, a wagon usually has to climb an aggregate height of a thousand or more feet in going a distance of ten miles, an amount of grade which could readily have been avoided by adding two or three miles to the length of the way. In the rough reckoning of the coun try engineer, it always seems to be always advantageous to construct a road on the most direct alignment which will be passable to loaded ve NEVER IN the history of Arizona has such a stock been placed before you in styles and effect, and at such tempting prices that you will find it almost impossible to resist buying the latest nov elties in all our departments arriving daily. hicles, with all the power wnich can conveniently be put upon them. It is easy, however to show that utually the only economy which is thus effect ed is the cost of the first construction. A close reckoning will always indi cate that this initial economy is bought at a disproportionate annual cost in the expense of use and main tenance. The load which can be drawn over the direct way is often not more than half that which could be taken over the lower route, and pro portionate wear on the draught ani mals and the vehicles will often vary in a similar measure. Moreover, the expense of maintaining hilly roads, under the wearing action of rain, frost and locked wheels, will more than counterbalance the cost of a longer but less inclined route. Many persons, particularly those of small experience, are of the opinion that they carry in the mind a wide stretch of country so effectively that they may be able to design a route which will fit the topography in a sat isfactory manner. This is clearly a delusion as is shown by the fact that no trained engineer, however wide his experience, dares trust himself to stake out a mile of railway without a careful preliminary -survey of the ground, one which will enable him to take to his office the .data by which he can plat and compare the several pos sible routes. This care as to the loca tion of a railway, though invariably taken, is, in proportion to the magni tude of the interests involved, of rather less consequence than that de manded in the case of a common road. The increase in the expenditure of en ergy required to convey the loads of ordinary wagons up steep slopes is quite as great as it would be in the case of a locomotive climbing like grades, and the power which is applied through horseflesh costs far more per unit than that used in a locomotive. It is therefore clearly important to take the same kind of care in deter mining the route to be followed by a highway as is taken in the choice of a line for the newer kind of transporta tion. CLOSE OF THE CRIMEAN WAR. Date of the Treaty of Peace and How Brave Deeds Were Recorded. The formerly ratified treaty of peace was brought to Londen by William Stuart, first attache to the British em bassy at Paris, on April 28, 1856. Sun day May 4, was observed as a day of general thanksgiving to almighty God for the preservation of peace; and on Monday the 5th, it was formally pro claimed in London, with the usual solemnities. Addresses to the crown, approving of the peace, were carried in both houses of parliament on the evening of that day; and on the 8th both houses cordially voted "thanks to the army, navy and marines employed in the operations of the late war." The -feelings entertained toward the men who fought and bled in the Crimea by the queen, the government and the people of England are also placed on record in an excellent dispatch of Lord Panmure's, which will be perpetuated as long as the language exists. "Since the period," said the noble secretary of war, "when the army first quitted the shores of England, there has been no vicissitude of war which it has not been called upon to encounter. It was assailed by cholera shortly after its arrival in Turkey. Then was proved that moral as well as physical courage pervaded its ranks. Led to the field, it triumphed in engagements in which heavy odds were on the enemy's side. It carried on, under difficulties almost incredible, a siege of unprecedented duration, in the course of which the trying duties of the trenches, priva tions from straitened supplies, and the fearful diminution of its numbers from disease neither shook its courage nor impaired it discipline. Notwithstand ing that many a gallant comrade fell in their ranks, and they were called to mourn the gallant commander who led them from England, and who closed in the field his noble career as a soldier, her majesty's troops never flinched from their duties, nor disappointed the sanguine hopes of their country." Something long desired has at length been achieved by a distiller in Lexing ton, Ky. It is whisky without odor. Now a man may indulge in a dram or two without making his breath the strongest thing about him. IS. RELIABLh .-, CHEAP .-. EFFECTIVE YOCK WANTS CAN BE SUPPLIED THROUGH THE REPUBLICAN RATES For Classified Advertisement! APPEAR UNDER EACH HEADING. Situations Wanted Male. Advertising under this heading, 3 lines, 6 times, 15 cents Situations Wanted Female. Advertising under this heading, 3 lines, 6 times, 15 cents. Help Wanted Male. Advertising under this heading, 3 lines, 6 times, 15 cents. Help Wanted Female. Advertising under this heading, 3 lines, 6 WANTED A girl to do housework in small and good wages. Call at the Gilbert House, 221 A Hams Agents Wanted. AuveiLiiuug uuuer tnis neaaing $c. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and Miscellaneous Wants. Advertising under this heading Jc. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and WANTED -Everyone to know that Mrs. A. M. Lee has received a large lot of new millinery. WAN TED -To lease on easy terms four acres clay brick land half mile south of uepot. Apply at premises to J. C. Jackson. Business Chances. Advertising under this heading c per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. To Rent Rooms. Advertising under this headingjc. per word per insertion, subject to discount for time and space. FOR RENT A nice suite of rooms suitable for offices, near postoffice. Apply Baker & Abrams, 26 West Washington St. To Rent flonses Furnished, Advertising under this heading c. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. To Bent Houses. Advertising under this heading Jic per word per insertion subject to discounts for time and space. TOR RENT A fine five-room house nearly new . Address C. C. this offi ee. To Rent Offices and Stores. Advertising under this heading Uc. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. To Rent Miscellaneous. Advertising under this heading Jc. per word ar insertion, subject to discounts for time and per space, Lost. Advertising under this heading c. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. Wanted Board, Advertising under this heading c. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. Personals. Advertising under this heading 5 cents per line per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. Found. Advertising under this heading s. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. Instruction. Advertising nnder this heading Jc per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. Special Notices. Advertising under this heading Jc. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. To Exchange. Advertising under this heading 5 cents per line per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. For Sale Miscellaneous. Advertisements nnder this heading s. per word per insertion, subject to discount for time and SDace. GENUINE Spanish drawn work, consisting of doilies, lunch, tray cloths, handkerchiefs and everything made in linen. The work is done under a microscope and is exquisite. Mrs. A. M. Lee, Phoenix. T L. WALKER, M. D.-Physician and Sur J . geon. Office, 13 W. Washington street, Thibodo building. Residence Telephone No. 69. DOCTOR H1BBARD, - Late of Denver, Colo rado, Graduate of Harvard Medical Col lege. Formerly member of Colorado and Rhode Island State Medical societies. Specialty, dis eaesof the throat and lungs. Offices ground floor, Monihon block. DRS. KIRKWOOD AND ROSS, Physicians and Surgeons. Ground floor, Washington St.. next door to Gilson block. Diseases of none. throat and lungs a specialty. DR. D. M. PURMAN-Offiee Cor. Adams and Center Sts., with Doctors Ward and Mar tin. Office hours 9 to 10 a. m., and 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. Night calls left at DeWitt's hack stand will receive prompt attention. . officii hours: Dr. Hughes, 12 to 2 p. m. Dr. Dameron, 9 to 12 a. m. Office Telephone, No. 17. Dr. Hughes' Residence, No. 8. Callsattended at any hour from office opposite commercial iiotei. DR. CHA8. H. JONES, TEMPE, A. T. 0F fice at Heineman & Gill building. Office hours 8 to 9 a. m.. 3 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. Dentists. DR. H. JESSUP, DENTIST ALL WORK guaranteed nd orices reasonable. Room 14 and 16 Porter Building. Veterlnarv. JC. NORTON, D. V. M., VETERINARY physician, surgeon and dentist. Office Ground floor, Monihon block, Washington St., Phcenix. Office hours, 10 to 12 a. m., 1 to 4 p. m. Territorial Veterinary Surgeon. FO. RICHMOMD, M. D. C, Phoenix, Ari . zona. Veterinary Surgeon and Dentist. Diseases of all Domestic Animals Scientifically Treatted. Residence537 West Van Buren street omce 37 West Washington street. No Charge tor consultation. Attorneys-at-liaw. CM. FRAZfER Attorney and Counsellor . at Law. Room 7 Fleming block, Phoenix, Arizona. M H. WILLI AM8 Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 28 Wall street, Phoenix, Ariz. 1 H. LYMAN Attorney at law. Office rooms 1 and 2, Fleming block. PORTER W. FLEMING, Attorney at Law. Rooms 20 and 21, Fleming Block, Phcenix Arizona. H. N. Alexandeb. W, H. Stilwkll. ALEXANDER & STILWELL ATTORNEYS AT LAW Office in Hartford Bank build ing, rnoenix, Ariz. DAMRON & CRENSHAW, Attorneys at Law. Rooms 13 and 15, Porter block, comer Cen ter ana wasmngton streets, Phoenix, Ariz. J. W. Cbmjshaw. J. M. Damron. WEBSTER STREET, Attorney at Law, room 8 Fleming block, Phcenix. Willis J. Hulihgs. Wadb H. Hulihgs. HULINGS & HULINGS, Attorneys-at-Law. Rooms 9 and 11 Porter building. piTCH & CAMPBELL, ATTORNEYS AT , Law. Over National Bank of Arizona FRANK COX ATTORNEY AT LAW. rooms 1, 3 aid 5, Thibodo building, PhoBnix, Arizona. B. J. Franklin. Alfhbd Fbanklin. F FRANKLIN & FRANKLIN Attorneys and Counselors at Law. Rooms 11 and 12, Moni hon block. Phoenix, Arizona. Joseph H. Kibbkt, g.' C. Isbael, KIBBEY & ISRAEL, Lawyers. Rooms 2, 4 and 6, National Bank of Arizona block. Phoenix Arizona. Fbancis J. Henkt. Rochester Fobd. HENEY & FORD, ATTORNEYS AND COONSESLLORS AT LAW. Office southwest corner Church and Penning ton streets, Tucson, Arizona. BARNES & MARTIN , ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW Tucson, Arizona. JBBBT MILLAY. WALTER BENNETT MILLAY & BENNETT, ATTOBNEYS-AT-LA W . Rooms 16 and 17 Fleming block. L. VAN HORN, . Attorney and Counselor at law. Tempe, Arizona Ar h ljteo r. FRED HEINLEIN Architect and Superin tendent. Room 11, Fleming Block. Fif teen years experience. A rchitect and superiu tendent of the Fleming Block. M. CREIGHTON Architect and superin . tendent. Office, West Washington St. Phoenix, Ariz. Metallurgist. LW Morgan Metallurgist the Harcuvar . Copper Co. Office. Room 10, Fleming Block. Pensions. ' I HAVE opened an omce In room 1, 18 West Washington St., with Riddle & Gray, real estate dealers, where I will attend to pensions business. If you have a claim pending and need helD come and see me. G. D. GRAY.' Alining JUniflneer. HENRY 8. DUNN Civil and mining en gineer. U.S. deputy mineral surveyor, Rooms 12 and 14 National Bank of Arizona building, Phoanix . ELLIS CLARK, Postoffice box 241 Mines examined and reported on. Developed copper property wanted. Assaver, A J. PORTERIE,A88AYER, WASHINGTON . street, east of P. 0. Phoenix, Ariz PRICE FOB ASSAYS: Gold, Silver, Cop'r, $1.00 I Copper $1.00 Gold.Silver, Lead, 1.00 Lead 1.00 Gold and Silver 50 I Tin 6.00 Bicycles. HS. GR1SWOLD Manufacturers' agent and general commission merchant dealer in bicycles and cycling sundries. All done. 32 South Center St. Machine Shop Lu. jufjiL.AJND, first avenue, opposite . court house. Mining, agricultural unrt all other kinds of machinery built or repaired. luuuBia aiiu pttberiiB maue. Boiaering, Drazmg, grinding or any other work in the mechanical line. EngineB remodeled. DR. LUKE, CHINESE PHYSICIAN. .Three years' practice in Phoenix. Nervous and chronic diseases of man skillfully and reasonable treated. Female weakness a specialty. 436 W. Washington Street, Between 4th asd 5th Ave. Butchers, For Go to F. BALSZ & CO. Front Street, Opposite City Hall ,1s Mai il at Lowest Prices. HUKLEY, THE LIVE BUTCHER. C HOI UK STEAKS AND BOASTS. BUST K.BFT MARKET IN PHOBNIX.. EXPERIENCED CUTTJSB8. FREE DELIVERY IN THE CITY. W. L. Douglas S3 SHOE NOSQUEAKIN& 5. CORDOVAN, FRENCH CNAMFI I FDCAI r 4.$3.5PFlECAlf&lftN6Ai51I 3PP0LICE,3 Soles. $25j.2.W0RKINGMEN EXTRA. FINE, 'w 2.l.5 Boys'SchoolShdes. LADIES' .-?S0W $1.75 l SEND FOR CATALOGUE WL'DOUCLAS. BROCKTON. MASS. Yea can save money by purchasing; V. JL, Douglas Shoes, Because, we are the largest manufacturers of advertised shoes in the world, and guarantee the value by stamping the name and price on the bottom, which protects you against high prices and the middleman's profits. Our shoea equal custom work in style, easy fitting and wearing qualities. We have them sold every where at lower prices for the value given than any other make. Take no substitute. If your dealer cannot supply you, we can. 4 These celebrated shoes are for sale by ' GODWIN & AVERY Exclusively. FLEMING BLOCK. Uanss. -THE- Valley Bank, PHCENIX, ARIZONA. Capital - - - c- $100,000 Surplus' - - . . 25,000 WM. CHKI8TY, President. M..H. SHERMAN, Vice-President. M. W. MESSENGER, Cashier. RECEIVE DEPOSITS, MAKE COLLECTIONS, BUY AND SELL EXCHANGE. Discount Commercial Paper and do a General Banking Business. Office Hours 9 a. m,, to 3 p. m, CORRESPONDENTS. Am. Exchange Natl. Bank New York The Anglo California Sank, .. .San Francisco, Cal National Bank of Illinois... Chicago, 111 First National Bank Los Angeles PrescottNationalBank Prescott. Arizona. THE MARICOPA LOAN TRUST CO. INCORPORATED FEBRUARY 1, 1888. Paid up Capital, -Surplus, - - - - $100,000 - - 20,000 Honey Loaned on Long or Short Time on Real Estate or Personal Security. Interest Paid on Deposits CHARLES 8. FORBES, Pres. T. W. HINE, Gen. Han. and Cashier. A. L. CRAMB, Asst. Cashier. Executive Committee of Board of Directors : T. W. Hine, L. E. Hewins, H. E. Kemp, E. T. Little, A.L.Cramb. V' THE NATIONAL BANK OF ARIZONA, PHCENIX. ARIZONA. Capital Paid Up - $100,000 Surplus .... $30,000 DIRECTORS: M. W. Kales. Sol. Lewis, J. Y. T. Smith, Chas. Goldman, Gko. W. Hoadlky. CORRESPONDENTS: The Bank of California!.... Ban Francisco. Agency of Bank of California New York. National Bank of Commerce St. Louis. First National Bank, Chicago. Farmers & Merchants Bank, Los Angeles. Consolidated National Bank, Tucson. Bank of Arizona Prescott, Messrs.N. M. Rothschild & Sons London Tender Meat Skillfully Cut M. E. lis M. W. Kales, Sol. Lewis, President. Vice-President. Gbo. W. Hoadlby, Cashier. Interest Paid on Time Deposits.