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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN: WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 26, 1694.
PKOFESSIONAL Biliehers, 91 25 Per Gent Discount on the Whole Line Making Room for Our New Stock. Come Early and Get First Choice. All Marked In Plain Figures. " B. HEYMAN FURNITURE CO. ENRICHED THE WORLD. Sir Henry Bessemer and His Proc ess of Making SteeL At Flnt Thought by Scientists to Be Vis ionary and Impracticable. Bat Ulti mately Proved to Be a Splen ' did Success. The man who inaugurated the reign of steel by so vastly increasing its uses, and invented a method of manufacture which makes the product even lower in cost than the kind of metal it was destined so largely to replace, ranks among the world's greatest inventors, though, says Harper's Monthly, he did not reach his goal unaided by the skill and genius of colaborers. The pneu matic process of making steel by which Sir Henry Bessemer added more to the wealth of the world than any, man of his generation furnished curious ex ample of what Tyndall called the sci entific use of the imagination. Bes semer, like Siemens and Thomas, who share with him the honors of modern iron metallurgy, was not a practical worker in the metals, but unlike them, he was absolutely ignorant of aught beyond superficial chemical knowledge. When he grasped the conception of burning out the impurities of .. pig metal by the oxidizing power of air and thus reducing the excessively car burized material to the malleable state, he knew nothing of the tradi tions and science of the problem he was daring enough to attack. Had he been an adept it is more than probable that he would have been so imprisoned by the past as never to have reached out so daringly into the unknown. He began his experiments secretly in a small way, after having visited nu merous iron works to make himself acquainted with existing processes. It was not till the end of eighteen months that the fundamental princi ple of his great future success became perfectly clear to him that of render ing cast iron malleable by a powerful air blast blown throughout the charge, and not merely on the top, as in the old finery and puddling furnace. The heat developed was so great as to keep even wrought iron fused, and the hap py inventor found by and by that he had succeeded in making iron in small quantities. It cannot be related here how he fought through the early diffi-' culties of his work, and how the iron masters of the age were alike aston ished and delighted at his primary re sults. The shock of the inventor was scarcely less great when he discovered that in making iron in large quantities his process did not answer all his an ticipations. His earlier successes had been with pig iron smelted from high grade ores, comparatively free from sulphur or phosphoijus. The attempt , to work the process commercially in volved the use of ' the common pig, which made up the bulk of the smelt ing material. The intense heat of the furnace burned out the carbon and the silicon, but left the phosphorus and sul phur untouched. This might have been remedied by using pure pigs containing but traces of these elements; but a graver defect attended the process. In many of the operations the ingot had no consistency; it crumbled under the hammer or in the rolls. In the language of the shop, it was rotten. The pro cess, which, within a month' of its first public announcement at the Chelten ham meeting of the British association in 1856, had brought to its discoverer the sum of twenty-seven thousand pounds sterling in advance license fees, was now condemned by scientists and practical men as a visionary scheme. SIGNING THE DECLARATION. Flies Festered the -Fathers of the Repub lic as They Created It. Jefferson was fond of telling a story which illustrates in a forcible manner the importance that absurdly insignifi cant matters may sometimes assume, says the Philadelphia Press. When the deliberative body that gave the world the declaration of independence was in session its proceedings were conducted in a hall close to which was situated a livery stable. The weather was warm, and from the stable came swarms of flies that lighted on the legs of the honorable members and, biting through the thin silk stockings then in fashion, gave infinite annoyance. It was no uncommon sight, said Jeffer son, to see a member making a speech with a large handkerchief in hand and WHOLESALE PUBLIC LEDGER AND DAILY TRANSCRIPT. PHILADELPHIA. ' GEORGE W. CHII.DS, Editor and Proprietor, from 1S64 to 1S94. GEORGE W. CHILDS DREXEL, Editor and Publisher. The Ledger, Improved, illustrated, convenient in form, is one of the largest and best newspapers published arrywhere progressive and of high character. During 1894 the PUBLIC LEDGER will fully maintain the high position it has attained in journalism. It will print more news and more pure liter ature than ever before in its history. ITS SPECIAL FEATURES : All the news condensed and classi fied. Important Matters in full, Classified Advertisements, as inter esting as news and as much read. Independent Comment on the Events of the day. Reliable Financial News and Market Reports. State news complete and classified Social Events, Games and Sports, the Fashions of the day. Literary, Art, Farm and Garden, Scientific and Labor notes, Building Society news and Household articles. The DAILY LEDGER, by mail, to any address in the United States or Canada, 50 cents per month. Saturday's LEDGER (weekly), a great home journal, that should be in every country home, $1.00 per year. pausing at every moment to thrash the flies from his thinly-protected calves. The opinion of the body was not unan imous in favor of the document, and under other circumstances discussion might have been protracted for days, if not weeks, but the flies were intoler able. Efforts were made to find another hall, free from the ' pests, but in vain. As the weather became warmer the flies grew worse, and the flapping of handkerchiefs was heard all over the hall as an accompaniment to the voices of the speakers. In de spair at last some one suggested that matters be hurried so that the body might adjourn and get away from the flies. There were a lew mild protests, but no one heeded them, the immortal declaration was hurriedly copied and, with handkerchiefs in hand fighting flies as they came, the members hast ened up to the table to sign the authentic copy and leave the flies in the lurch. Had it not been for the liv ery stable and its inmates there is no telling when the document would have been completed, but it certainly would not have been signed on the Fourth. A FLORAL CURIO. The Wonderful Snow Flower of Northern Siberia. One of the greatest curiosities is the snow flower that blooms in the north ern portion of Siberia, where the earth is continually covered with a exiting of snow and frost. This wonderful plant shoots forth from the frozen soil on the first day of the year, and rcaaiico the height of about three feet; it blooms on the third day, remains opon twenty four hours and then returns to its original elements. It shines for a single day, then the stem, leaves and flower are converted into snow. The leaves are three in number. The flower is star-shaped, its petals about as long as the leaves and about half an inch wide. On the third day the extremities of trie leaves show little glistening, specks, like diamonds, about the size of the head of a pin. These are the seeds of this queer flower. On one occasion some of these seeds were gathered and hastily transported to St. Petersburg. They were there placed in a bed of snow, where they were kept until the first of the following year, when the snow flower burst forth and was great ly admired and wondered at by all who AND RETAIL. pillar Waits. RELIABLE .'. CHEAP .-. EFFECTIVE YOUR WANTS CAN BE SUPPLIED THROUGH THE REPUBLICAN RATES For Classified Advertisements APPEAR UNDER EACH HEADING. Situations Wanted Male. Advertising under this heading, 3 lines, 6 times, 15 cents WANTED A competent young man wants to keep a few sets of books. Address F. T., this office. Situations Wanted Female. Advertising under this he&dlnir. a linps.fi times, 15 cents. WANTED A situation by a good lady cook; will do dining room or general house work in city or country. Address M. B. this office. WANTED A place to do cooking and general housework in fttirII nrivntn family. Call at Second and Madison St. Help Wanted Male. Advertising under this headine. a linnsc times, 15 cents. Help Wanted Female. Advertising under this he&dinfr. a 11 nn. a times, 15 cents. Agents Wanted. per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. WANTED An experienced sewing machine salesman for roving work. Must be able to give good reference and a small bend. Good pay for good work. Address The Singer Manufacturing Co., Tucson, Arizona. Aliscelianeoas Wants. Advertising under this heading c. per word per insertion, subject to discounts fortimeand space. WANTED-To lease on easy terms four acres clay brick land half mile south of depot. Apply at premises to J. C. Jackson. To Rent Booms. Advertising under this heading Uc. per word per insertion, subject to discount for time and space. FOR BENT A nice suite of rooms suitable for offices, near postoffice. Apply Baker & Abrams, 26 West Washington St. To Bent Houses Furnished, Advertising under th's heading a. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. To Bent Houses- Advertising under this heading 14c. per word per insertion subject to discounts for time and space. F OR RENT A fine five-room house nearly To Rent Offices and Stores. Advertising nnder this heading 14c. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. To Bwnt Miscellaneous. Auverusing unaer mis neaaing c. per wora per insertion, subject to discounts for time and Lost. Advertising under this heading J4c. per word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. Found. auTCl.tBlUg IUJUC1 hUlD IKWUg Si. IG1 per insertion, subject to discounts for time and A llv..,! .tnni1 n .V.'. h.n Jin-ln -A Instruction. Advertising under this heading Me ner word per insertion, subject to discounts for time and space. ! Special Notices. Auvertising unaer mis neauing c. per woru no, inurKnn inhiant M rfiannilnta fnr timd and t To Exchange. Advertising under this heading 5 cents per line per insertion, subject to aiscounts lor time ana space. TO EXCHANGE City and country property in Los Angeles county, California, for city or country property in Maricopa county, Ariz. Aaaress r . v. dox 6i rnuuii, ior a oargaiu. Business Chances. Auvertibiiig uuuer mis uwi"B Z2U Fci per insertion, subject to discounts for time and . .4 knoI1iT.1. space. For Sale Miscellaneous. Advertisements under this heading c. per word per insertion, subject to discount for time ana snace. C"t ENUINE Spanish drawn work, consisting of T doilies, lunch, trav cloths, handkerchiefs and everything made in linen. The work is done under a microscope ana is exquisite. Mrs, A. M. Lee, Phoenix. JL. WALKER, M. B1. Physician and Sur . ei:On. Office. 13 W. Washington street, Thibodo building. Residence Telephone No. 69. DOCTOR H1BBARD, Lace of Denver, Colo rado, Graduate of Harvard Medical Col lege. Formerly mercberof Colorado and Rhode Island State Medical societies. Specialty, dis eases of the throat and lungs. Offices ground floor, ttonmon block. DRS. K1RKWO0D AND ROSS, Physicians and Surgeons. Ground floor, Washington ot., next aoor to iiiison oiocx. xiiseases uiuuse, throat and lungs a specialty. DE. D. M. PUEMAN-Office Cor Adams and Center Sts., with Doctors Ward and Mar tin. Office hours 9 to 10 a. m.. and 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. Night calls left at DeWitt's hack stand will receive prompt attention. DRS. HUGHES t DAMON. OFFICE HOURS! Dr. Hughes, 12 to 2 p. m. Dr. Dameron, 9 to 12 a. m. Office Telephone, No. 17. Dr. Hughes' Besidenee, No. 8. Callsattended at any hour from office opposite Commercial Hotel. DE. CHA8. H. JONES, TEMPI, A. T. OF flce at Heineman & Gill building. Office hours 8 to 9 a. m.. 3 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. Dentists. "pvB. H. JESSUP, DENTIST ALL WORE 14 and 16 Porter Building. Vetertnary. JC. NOBTON, D. V. M., VETEBINABY . physician, surgeon and dentist. Office Ground floor, Monibon block, Washington St., Phoenix. Office hours, 10 to 12 a. m., 1 to 4 p. m. Territorial Veterinary Surgeon. FO. RICHMOMD, M. D. C, Phoenix, Ari . zona, Veterinary Surgeon and Dentist, Diseases of all Domestic Animals Scientifically Treatted. Residence537 West Van Buren street Office 37 West Washington street. No Charge for Consultation. AttorneyB-at-Uiw. CM. FRAZIEE Attorney and Counsellor . at Law. Room 7 Fleming block, Phoenix, Arizona. M, H. WILLIAMS Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 28 Wall street, Phoenix, Ariz. F H. LYMAN Attorney at law. Office , r joins 1 and 2, Fleming block. POETEE W. FLEMING, Attorney at Law. Rooms 20 and 21, Fleming Block, Phoenix Arizona. H. N. Alexandre. W, H. Stilwell. ALEXANDER & STILWELL ATTOBNEY8 AT LAW Office in Hartford Bank build ing. Phoenix. Ariz. DAMRON & CRENSHAW, Attorneys at Law. Rooms 13 and 15, Porter block, corner Cen ter and Washington streets, Phoenix, Ariz. J. W. CKMN8HAW. J. M. DAMEON. w EBSTEB STEEET, Attorney at Law, room r ieming diock, rncenix. Willis J. Huungs. Wade H. Hulings. H ULING8 & HULINGS, Attorneys-at-Law. toom89 ana 11 rotter Duuaing. PITCH & CAMPBELL, ATTOENEYS AT ; Law. Over National Bank of Arizona FRANK COX ATTOBNEY AT LAW. rooms 1. 3 and 5. Thibodo building. Phoenix. Arizona.- B. J. Franklin. Alfbkd Franklin. FFBANKLIN & FEAN KLIN Attorneys and Counselors at Law. Booms 11 and 12. Monl hon block, Phasnix, Arizona. Joseph H. Kibbet, g. C. Israel. KIBBBY & ISRAEL, Lawyers. Booms 2, 4 and 6, National Bank of Arizona block. Phoenix. Arizona. Francis J. Heney. Rochester Ford. HENEY & FORD, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSESLLORS AT LAW. Office southwest corner Church and Penning ton streets, Tucson, Arizona. B AENES & MARTIN , ATTOENEYS-AT-LA W Tucson, Arizona. JERRY M1LLAY. WALTER BENNETT MILLAY & BENNETT, ATTORNEYB-AT-LAW. Rooms 16 and 17 Fleming block. w. L. VAN HOEN, Attorney and Counselor at law. Tempe, Arizona Ar!hltect. FEED HEINLEIN Architect and Superin tendent. Room 11. Fleming Block. Fif teen years ex perience. A rchitect and superin tendent of the Fleming Block. JM. C REIGHTON Architect and superin . tendent. Office, West Washington St. Phcenix, Ariz. .Metallurgist. W Morgan Metallurgist the Harcuvar copper vo. umce. itoom iu, Fleming Block. Pensions. THAVE opened an office in room 1, 18 vVest Washington 8t.. with Riddle & Gray, real estate dealers, where I will attend to pensions business. If you haxe a claim pending and need heln come and see me. G. D. GRAY. JMClnlngr Engineer, ' HEN BY 8. DUNN Civil and mining en gineer. U.S. deputy mineral surveyor, boom 12 ana 14 national uauit oi Arizona building, Phoenix ELLIS CLARK, Postoffice box 241 Mines examined and reported on. Developed copper property wanted. Assaver. A J. PORTERIE, ASsAYEH, WASHINGTON . street, east of P. 0. Phoenix, Ariz PRICE FOB ASSAYS: Gold.Silver. Cop'r. 11.00 I CoDDer. 11.00 Gold, Silver, Lead, 1.00 Lead 1.00 Gold and Silver 60 1 Tin A 6.00 Bicycles. H9. GR1SW0LD Manufacturers' agent . and general commission merchant aeaier m Dicycies ana cycling sundries. All kinds of difficult bicycle repairing skilfully uone. Douin uemer oi. Machine Shop. LD. COPE LAND, First avenue, opposite court house. Mining, agricultural and all otner sinas oi macninery Duiit or repaired. Models and paterns made. Soldoring. brazing grinding or any other work in the mechanical line, ungines remoaeiea. DR. LUKE, CHINESE PHYSICIAN. Three years' practice in Phoenix. Nervous and chronic diseases of man skillfully and reasonable treated. Female weakness a specialty. 436 Washington Street, Between 4th and 5th kn. , Go to F. BALSZ & CO. - Front Street, Opposite City Hall il at Lowest Prices. M. E. HURLEY, THE LIVE BUTCHER. CHOICE STEAKS AND BOASTS.' BEST REFT MARKET IN PHOENIX. IXFEB1ENCED CUTTERS. FREE DELIVERY IN THE CITY. W.L Douglas 1 CUIET IS THE BEST. 5. CORDOVAN. 4.$3.5PFlNECALF&KiMJ6AKia 1 3.5P P0LICE.3 Soles.. 2.I.7JBoyScHO1IlSH0ES. LADIES' SEND FOR CATALOGUE WL DOUGLAS, BROCKTON, MASS. You can save money by purchasing YV. Ltm Douglas Shoes Because, we are the largest manufacturers of advertised shoes in the world, and guarantee ' the value by stamping the name and price on the bottom, which protects you against high prices and the middleman's profits. Our shoes equal custom work in style, easy fitting and wearing qualities. We have them sold every where at lower prices for the value given than any other make. Take no substitute- If your dealer cannot supply you, we can. r :- These celebrated shoes are for sale by GODWIN & AVERY Exclusively. FLEMING BLOCK. THE Valley Bank, PHCENIX, ARIZONA. , . . 1 $100,000 - . . . - 26,000 Capital Surplus WM . CHEISTY, President. M. H. SHERMAN, Vice-President. M. W. MESSENGER, Cashier. RECEIVE DEPOSITS, MAKE COLLECTIONS, BUY AND SELL EXCHANGE. Discount Commercial Paper 'and do a General Banking Business. Office Hoars 9 a. m,, to 3 p. m, CORRESPONDENTS." " Am. Exchange Natl. Bank New York The Anglo California Bank, San Francisco, Cal National Bank of Illinois Chicago, 111 First National Bank Los Angeles PrescottNationalBank. Prescott. Arizona. THE MARICOPA INCORPORATED FEBRUARY i, 1888. Paid up Capital, Surplus, - - - $100,000 - - 20,000 Honey Loaned on I,ouff or Short Time on Beal Estate or Pergonal Security. Interest Paid on Depoaita CHARLES 8. FORBES, Pres. ' T. W. HINE, Gen. Man. and Cashier. v A. L. CRAMB, Asst. Cashier. Executive Committee of Board of Director! : T. W. Hine, L. E. Hewina, H. E. Kemp, E. T. Little. A. L. Cramb. THE . NATIONAL BANK OF ARIZONA, PHCENIX. ARIZONA. Capital Paid Up Surplus - - $100,000 - $30,000 DIRECTORS: M, W. Kales, -v m. . Sol. Lewis, J. Y. T. Smith, Chas. Goldman, , Geo. W. Hoadley. . CORRESPONDENTS: The Bank of California,.... Ban Prancisci,. Agency of Bank of California, New York. National Bank of Commerce, St. Louis. First National Bank, Chicago. Farmers & Merchants Bank, Los Angeles. Consolidated National Bank, Tucson. Bank of Arizona Prescolt. Messrs. N. M. Rothschild fc Sons London M. W. Kaleb, Sol. Lewis, President. - Vice-President. Gbo.- W. Hoadley. Caajiier. Interest Paid on Time Deposits- - LAN TRUST saw it.